2020 Georgia Code
Title 20 - Education
Chapter 2 - Elementary and Secondary Education
Article 16 - Students
Part 2 - Discipline
Subpart 2 - Public School Disciplinary Tribunals
§ 20-2-751.6. Disciplinary Policy for Students Committing Acts of Physical Violence Against Teacher, School Bus Driver, or Other School Official or Employee

Universal Citation: GA Code § 20-2-751.6 (2020)
  1. As used in this Code section, the term "physical violence" means:
    1. Intentionally making physical contact of an insulting or provoking nature with the person of another; or
    2. Intentionally making physical contact which causes physical harm to another unless such physical contacts or physical harms were in defense of himself or herself, as provided in Code Section 16-3-21.
  2. Local board of education policies and student codes of conduct shall provide for the penalties to be assessed against a student found by a disciplinary hearing officer, panel, or tribunal pursuant to Code Section 20-2-752 to have committed any act of physical violence against a teacher, school bus driver, or other school official or employee. Such disciplinary hearing officer, panel, or tribunal shall hold any disciplinary hearing in accordance with the provisions of Code Section 20-2-754. Any student alleged to have committed an act of physical violence shall be suspended pending the hearing by the disciplinary hearing officer, panel, or tribunal. The decision of the disciplinary hearing officer, panel, or tribunal may be appealed to the local school board pursuant to Code Section 20-2-754. If appropriate under paragraph (1) of subsection (c) of this Code section, the decision of the disciplinary hearing officer, panel, or tribunal shall include a recommendation as to whether a student may return to public school and, if return is recommended, a recommended time for the student's return to public school. The local school board may impose penalties not recommended by the disciplinary hearing officer, panel, or tribunal.
    1. A student found by a disciplinary hearing officer, panel, or tribunal to have committed an act of physical violence as defined in paragraph (2) of subsection (a) of this Code section against a teacher, school bus driver, school official, or school employee shall be expelled from the public school system. The expulsion shall be for the remainder of the student's eligibility to attend public school pursuant to Code Section 20-2-150. The local school board at its discretion may permit the student to attend an alternative education program for the period of the student's expulsion. If the student who commits an act of physical violence is in kindergarten through grade eight, then the local school board at its discretion and on the recommendation of the disciplinary hearing officer, panel, or tribunal may permit such a student to reenroll in the regular public school program for grades nine through 12. If the local school board does not operate an alternative education program for students in kindergarten through grade six, the local school board at its discretion may permit a student in kindergarten through grade six who has committed an act of physical violence as defined in paragraph (2) of subsection (a) of this Code section to reenroll in the public school system;
    2. Any student who is found by a disciplinary hearing officer, panel, or tribunal to have committed an act of physical violence against a teacher, school bus driver, school official, or school employee as defined in paragraph (2) of subsection (a) of this Code section shall be referred to juvenile court with a request for a petition alleging delinquent behavior; and
    3. Any student who is found by a disciplinary hearing officer, panel, or tribunal to have committed an act of physical violence as defined in paragraph (1) of subsection (a) of this Code section against a teacher, school bus driver, school official, or school employee may be disciplined by expulsion, long-term suspension, or short-term suspension.
  3. The provisions of this Code section shall apply with respect to any local school system which receives state funding pursuant to Code Sections 20-2-161 and 20-2-260.
  4. Nothing in this Code section shall be construed to infringe on any right provided to students with Individualized Education Programs pursuant to the federal Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, Section 504 of the federal Rehabilitation Act of 1973, or the federal Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990.

(Code 1981, §20-2-751.6, enacted by Ga. L. 2000, p. 1578, § 1; Ga. L. 2001, p. 4, § 20; Ga. L. 2002, p. 1421, § 2; Ga. L. 2004, p. 107, § 15.)

Code Commission notes.

- Pursuant to Code Section 28-9-5, in 2002, a comma was inserted before "if return is recommended," in the fifth sentence of subsection (b), and "this" was inserted preceding "Code section" in subsection (d).

U.S. Code.

- Section 504 of the federal Rehabilitation Act of 1973, referred to in subsection (e), is codified as 29 U.S.C. § 701 et seq.

The federal Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, referred to in subsection (e), is codified at 42 U.S.C. § 12101 et seq.

JUDICIAL DECISIONS

Criminal action by student against school resource officer.

- Because the school officials exercised their discretion under the law to report alleged criminal action against a school resource officer by the student, there was no evidence that school officials were involved in the decision to admit the student into the youth detention center, and the student was allowed to return to school upon the student's release from the youth detention center, the disciplinary hearing was not untimely as there was evidence that the student had not been suspended before the hearing and, thus, the superior court erred in reversing the State Board of Education's decision and remanding the case to the state board with direction to vacate the adjudication of expulsion entered against the student. Fulton County Bd. of Educ. v. D. R. H., 325 Ga. App. 53, 752 S.E.2d 103 (2013).

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