2020 Georgia Code
Title 19 - Domestic Relations
Chapter 9 - Child Custody Proceedings
Article 3 - Uniform Child Custody Jurisdiction and Enforcement Act
Part 1 - General Provisions
§ 19-9-41. Definitions

Universal Citation: GA Code § 19-9-41 (2020)

In this article:

  1. "Abandoned" means left without provision for reasonable and necessary care or supervision.
  2. "Child" means an individual who has not attained 18 years of age.
  3. "Child custody determination" means a judgment, decree, or other order of a court providing for the legal custody, physical custody, or visitation with respect to a child. The term includes a permanent, temporary, initial, and modification order. The term does not include an order relating to child support or other monetary obligations of an individual.
  4. "Child custody proceeding" means a proceeding in which legal custody, physical custody, or visitation with respect to a child is an issue. The term includes a proceeding for divorce, separation, neglect, abuse, dependency, guardianship, paternity, termination of parental rights, and protection from family violence, in which the issue may appear. The term does not include a proceeding involving juvenile delinquency, contractual emancipation, or enforcement under Part 3 of this article.
  5. "Commencement" means the filing of the first pleading in a proceeding.
  6. "Court" means an entity authorized under the law of a state to establish, enforce, or modify a child custody determination.
  7. "Home state" means the state in which a child lived with a parent or a person acting as a parent for at least six consecutive months immediately before the commencement of a child custody proceeding. In the case of a child less than six months of age, the term means the state in which the child lived from birth with any of the persons mentioned. A period of temporary absence of any of the mentioned persons is part of the period.
  8. "Initial determination" means the first child custody determination concerning a particular child.
  9. "Issuing court" means the court that makes a child custody determination for which enforcement is sought under this article.
  10. "Issuing state" means the state in which a child custody determination is made.
  11. "Modification" means a child custody determination that changes, replaces, supersedes, or is otherwise made after a previous determination concerning the same child, whether or not it is made by the court that made the previous determination.
  12. "Person" means an individual, corporation, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, limited liability company, association, joint venture, government; governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality; public corporation; or any other legal or commercial entity.
  13. "Person acting as a parent" means a person, other than a parent, who:
    1. Has physical custody of the child or has had physical custody for a period of six consecutive months, including any temporary absence, within one year immediately before the commencement of a child custody proceeding; and
    2. Has been awarded legal custody by a court or claims a right to legal custody under the law of this state.
  14. "Physical custody" means the physical care and supervision of a child.
  15. "State" means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, or any territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States.
  16. "Tribe" means an Indian tribe or band or Alaskan Native village which is recognized by federal law or formally acknowledged by a state.
  17. "Warrant" means an order issued by a court authorizing law enforcement officers to take physical custody of a child.

(Code 1981, §19-9-41, enacted by Ga. L. 2001, p. 129, § 1.)


Am. Jur. 2d.

- 39 Am. Jur. 2d, Habeas Corpus, §§ 95 et seq., 107. 59 Am. Jur. 2d, Parent and Child, § 26 et seq.


- 39 C.J.S., Habeas Corpus, § 241 et seq. 43 C.J.S., Infants, § 10 et seq. 67A C.J.S., Parent and Child, § 94 et seq.


- Uniform Child Custody Jurisdiction Act (U.L.A.) § 2.


- What types of proceedings or determinations are governed by the Uniform Child Custody Jurisdiction Act (UCCJA) or the Parental Kidnapping Prevention Act (PKPA), 78 A.L.R.4th 1028.

Home state jurisdiction of court under § 3(a)(1) of the Uniform Child Custody Jurisdiction Act (UCCJA) or the Parental Kidnapping Prevention Act (PKPA), 28 USCS § 1738A(c)(2)(A), 6 A.L.R.5th 1.

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