2020 Georgia Code
Title 16 - Crimes and Offenses
Chapter 11 - Offenses Against Public Order and Safety
Article 5 - Offenses Involving Illegal Aliens
§ 16-11-202. Illegal Alien Defined; Offense of Inducing an Illegal Alien to Enter State; Penalties

Universal Citation: GA Code § 16-11-202 (2020)
  1. As used in this Code section, the term "illegal alien" means a person who is verified by the federal government to be present in the United States in violation of federal immigration law.
  2. A person who is acting in violation of another criminal offense and who knowingly induces, entices, or assists an illegal alien to enter into this state, when such person knows that the person being induced, enticed, or assisted to enter into this state is an illegal alien, shall be guilty of the offense of inducing an illegal alien to enter into this state.
  3. Except as provided in subsection (d) of this Code section, for a first offense, a person convicted of inducing an illegal alien to enter into this state shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be punished by imprisonment not to exceed 12 months, a fine not to exceed $1,000.00, or both. For a second or subsequent conviction of inducing an illegal alien to enter into this state, a person shall be guilty of a felony and, upon conviction thereof, shall be punished by imprisonment of not less than one or more than five years, a fine of not less than $5,000.00 or more than $20,000.00, or both.
  4. A person who commits the offense of inducing an illegal alien to enter into this state who does so with the intent of making a profit or receiving any thing of value shall be guilty of a felony and, upon conviction thereof, shall be punished by imprisonment of not less than one or more than five years, a fine of not less than $5,000.00 or more than $20,000.00, or both.

(Code 1981, §16-11-202, enacted by Ga. L. 2011, p. 794, § 7/HB 87.)

Law reviews.

- For article, "State Government: Illegal Immigration Reform and Enforcement Act of 2011," see 28 Ga. St. U.L. Rev. 51 (2011).

JUDICIAL DECISIONS

Preempted.

- In a pre-enforcement constitutional challenge to sections 7 and 8 of Georgia House Bill 87, the Illegal Immigration Reform and Enforcement Act of 2011, in which Georgia officials appealed a district court's entry of a preliminary injunction enjoining enforcement of those two sections, the district court did not err in finding that section 7 was preempted by the criminal provisions of the Immigration and Nationality Act, particularly 8 U.S.C. § 1324. Section 7 created state criminal violations for: (1) transporting or moving an illegal alien, O.C.G.A. § 16-11-200(b); (2) concealing or harboring an illegal alien, O.C.G.A. § 16-11-201(b); and (3) inducing an illegal alien to enter the State of Georgia, O.C.G.A. § 16-11-202(b). Ga. Latino Alliance for Human Rights v. Governor of Ga., 691 F.3d 1250 (11th Cir. 2012).

OPINIONS OF THE ATTORNEY GENERAL

Fingerprinting required.

- Offenses arising from a violation of O.C.G.A. § 16-11-202 are offenses for which fingerprinting is required. 2011 Op. Att'y Gen. No. 11-5.

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