2020 Georgia Code
Title 14 - Corporations, Partnerships, and Associations
Chapter 3 - Nonprofit Corporations
Article 7 - Meetings
Part 1 - General Provisions
§ 14-3-704. Approval of Action Without Meeting
- Unless limited or prohibited by the articles or bylaws, or unless this chapter requires a greater number of affirmative votes, action required or permitted by this chapter to be approved by the members may be approved without a meeting of members if the action is approved by members holding at least a majority of the voting power. The action must be evidenced by one or more consents in writing or by electronic transmission describing the action taken, signed by those members representing at least a majority of the voting power, and delivered to the corporation for inclusion in the minutes or filing with the corporate records.
- No consent in writing or by electronic transmission signed under this Code section shall be valid unless:
- The consenting member has been furnished the same material that, under this chapter, would have been required to be sent to members in a notice of a meeting at which the proposed action would have been submitted to the members for action; or
- The written consent contains an express waiver of the right to receive the material otherwise required to be furnished.
- If not otherwise determined under Code Section 14-3-703 or Code Section 14-3-707, the record date for determining members entitled to take action without a meeting is the date the first member signs the consent.
- A consent signed under this Code section has the effect of a meeting vote and may be described as such in any document.
- Written notice of member approval pursuant to this Code section shall be given to all members who have not signed the written consent. If written notice is required, member approval pursuant to this Code section shall be effective ten days after such written notice is given.
- An electronic transmission which is transmitted by a member that evidences a member's consent or approval on a ballot, requests or demands an action to be taken by the corporation, or provides notice to the corporation under this chapter shall be deemed to be written, signed, and dated for the purposes of this chapter, provided that any such electronic transmission sets forth or is delivered with information from which the corporation can determine (1) that the electronic transmission was transmitted by the member and (2) the date on which such member transmitted such electronic transmission. The date on which such electronic transmission is transmitted shall be deemed to be the date on which such consent, request, demand, or notice was signed.
(Code 1981, §14-3-704, enacted by Ga. L. 1991, p. 465, § 1; Ga. L. 2004, p. 508, § 32.)
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