2020 Georgia Code
Title 14 - Corporations, Partnerships, and Associations
Chapter 2 - Business Corporations
Article 2 - Incorporation
§ 14-2-201.1. Publication of Notice of Intent to File Articles of Incorporation
- Together with the articles of incorporation, the incorporator or incorporators shall deliver to the Secretary of State an undertaking (which may appear in the articles of incorporation or be set forth in a letter or other instrument executed by an incorporator or any person authorized to act on behalf of the corporation) to publish a notice of the filing of the articles of incorporation as required by subsection (b) of this Code section.
- No later than the next business day after filing the articles of incorporation, the incorporator shall deliver to the publisher of a newspaper which is the official organ of the county where the initial registered office of the corporation is to be located or which is a newspaper of general circulation published within such county whose most recently published annual statement of ownership and circulation reflects a minimum of 60 percent paid circulation a request to publish a notice in substantially the following form:
The request for publication of the notice shall be accompanied by a check, draft, or money order in the amount of $40.00 in payment of the cost of publication.The notice shall be published once a week for two consecutive weeks commencing within ten days after receipt of the notice by the newspaper. Failure on the part of the incorporator to deliver the notice or payment therefor or failure on the part of the newspaper to publish the notice in compliance with this subsection shall not invalidate the incorporation of the corporation or the filing of the articles of incorporation.
- Limits on General Assembly's powers as to corporations, Ga. Const. 1983, Art. III, Sec. VI, Para. V.Law reviews.
- For survey article on business associations, see 34 Mercer L. Rev. 13 (1982). For article, "Some Distinctive Features of the Georgia Business Corporation Code," 28 Ga. St. B. J. 101 (1991).COMMENT
Source: Former § 14-2-172.
Prior Georgia law required publication of a similar notice for four consecutive weeks at a fee of $60. It also required filing with the clerk of the superior court in the county where the registered office of the corporation was located. Further, documents to effect the filing and publication were forwarded, together with the required checks, to the Secretary of State for transmittal to the clerks and newspapers. Local filing has been eliminated entirely by the Code with the expectation that it will be replaced by computer access to the corporate data base of the Secretary of State from the offices of all clerks. Filing fees under the Code were increased to fund the installation of the hardware for such a system. The Revision Committee recommended elimination of all publication requirements, to correspond to the Model Act and modern practice. While this was rejected by the General Assembly, publication requirements have been reduced and simplified. Incorporators will be required to see to publication, rather than to pass that responsibility on to the Secretary of State, at a saving in administrative costs.
Note to 1989 Amendment The 1989 amendment eliminated references in the form of notice to multiple registered agents. The Code does not provide for such agents, as prior law did. See § 14-2-501.
Note to 1990 Amendment The 1990 amendment makes it clear that any person acting on behalf of the corporation (such as an attorney or other agent) may execute the requisite certificate of publication and not just an incorporator.
Note to 1993 Amendment The 1993 amendment deals with the timing of making a request for publication in connection with the incorporation process, permitting such a request to be delivered no later than the business day after filing of the certificate of incorporation with the Secretary of State. The amendment also changes the form of notice in recognition that it generally is published after such filing has occurred.
Cross-References Articles of incorporation, see § 14-2-202. Failure to publish notice as grounds for administrative dissolution, see § 14-2-1420(5). Filing fees, see § 14-2-122. Filing requirements, see § 14-2-120. Registered office and registered agent, see § 14-2-501.
- In light of the similarity of the statutory provisions, decisions under former Code Section 14-2-172, which was repealed by Ga. L. 1988, p. 1070, § 1, effective July 1, 1989, are included in the annotations for this Code section.Contract offer in corporate name prior to corporation's existence.
- Contract offer in corporate name remained merely a tender until its acceptance, a date after the corporate existence began; therefore, incorporators incurred no personal liability on ground of unauthorized assumption of corporate powers. Satellite Syndicated Sys. v. Henderson, 162 Ga. App. 453, 291 S.E.2d 749 (1982), (decided under former § 14-2-172).
OPINIONS OF THE ATTORNEY GENERAL
- In light of the similarity of the statutory provisions, opinions under former Code Section 14-2-172, which was repealed by Ga. L. 1988, p. 1070, § 1, effective July 1, 1989, are included in the annotations for this Code section.Secretary of State authorized to incorporate marketing associations.
- Since constitutional amendment (former Art. III, Sec. VIII, Para. II of the 1976 Constitution) transfers the power to incorporate private companies to the Secretary of State, and marketing associations are private companies, the Secretary of State, rather than the superior courts, is authorized to incorporate marketing associations. 1977 Op. Att'y Gen. No. 77-34 (decided under former § 14-2-172).
- Effect upon the corporate existence of failure to file certificate in organizing a corporation, 22 A.L.R. 376; 37 A.L.R. 1319.