2020 Georgia Code
Title 14 - Corporations, Partnerships, and Associations
Chapter 11 - Limited Liability Companies
Article 2 - Formation
§ 14-11-212. Conversion to Limited Liability Company

Universal Citation: GA Code § 14-11-212 (2020)
  1. A corporation, foreign corporation, foreign limited liability company, limited partnership, foreign limited partnership, general partnership, or foreign general partnership may elect to become a limited liability company. Such election shall require (1) compliance with Code Section 14-2-1109.1 in the case of a Georgia corporation, or (2) the approval of all of its partners, members or shareholders (or such other approval or compliance as may be sufficient under applicable law or the governing documents of the electing entity to authorize such election) in the case of a foreign corporation, foreign limited liability company, limited partnership, foreign limited partnership, general partnership, or foreign general partnership.
  2. Such election is made by delivering a certificate of conversion to the Secretary of State for filing. The certificate shall set forth:
    1. The name and jurisdiction of organization of the entity making the election;
    2. That the entity elects to become a limited liability company;
    3. The effective date, or the effective date and time, of such election if later than the date and time the certificate of conversion is filed;
    4. That the election has been approved as required by subsection (a) of this Code section;
    5. That filed with the certificate of conversion are articles of organization that are in the form required by Code Section 14-11-204, that set forth a name for the limited liability company that satisfies the requirements of Code Section 14-11-207, and that shall be the articles of organization of the limited liability company formed pursuant to such election unless and until modified in accordance with this chapter; and
    6. A statement setting forth either (A) the manner and basis for converting the ownership interests in the entity making the election into interests as members of the limited liability company formed pursuant to such election or canceling them, or (B)(i) that a written operating agreement has been entered into among the persons who will be the members of the limited liability company formed pursuant to such election, (ii) that such operating agreement will be effective immediately upon the effectiveness of such election, and (iii) that such operating agreement provides for the manner and basis of such conversion or cancellation.
  3. Upon the election becoming effective:
    1. The electing entity shall become a limited liability company formed under this chapter by such election except that the existence of the limited liability company so formed shall be deemed to have commenced on the date the entity making the election commenced its existence in the jurisdiction in which such entity was first created, formed, incorporated, or otherwise came into being;
    2. The ownership interests in the entity making the election shall be converted or canceled on the basis stated or referred to in the certificate of conversion in accordance with paragraph (6) of subsection (b) of this Code section;
    3. The articles of organization filed with the certificate of conversion shall be the articles of organization of the limited liability company formed pursuant to such election unless and until amended in accordance with this chapter;
    4. The governing documents of the entity making the election shall be of no further force or effect;
    5. The limited liability company formed by such election shall thereupon and thereafter possess all of the rights, privileges, immunities, franchises, and powers of the entity making the election; all property, real, personal, and mixed, all contract rights, and all debts due to such entity, as well as all other choses in action, and each and every other interest of or belonging to or due to the entity making the election shall be taken and deemed to be vested in the limited liability company formed by such election without further act or deed; and the title to any real estate, or any interest therein, vested in the entity making the election shall not revert or be in any way impaired by reason of such election; and none of such items shall be deemed to have been conveyed, transferred, or assigned by reason of such election for any purpose; and
    6. The limited liability company formed by such election shall thereupon and thereafter be responsible and liable for all the liabilities and obligations of the entity making the election, and any claim existing or action or proceeding pending by or against such entity may be prosecuted as if such election had not become effective. Neither the rights of creditors nor any liens upon the property of the entity making such election shall be impaired by such election.
  4. A conversion pursuant to this Code section shall not be deemed to constitute a dissolution of the entity making the election and shall constitute a continuation of the existence of the entity making the election in the form of a limited liability company. A limited liability company formed by an election pursuant to this Code section shall for all purposes be deemed to be the same entity as the entity making such election.
  5. A limited liability company formed by an election pursuant to this Code section may file a copy of such certificate of conversion, certified by the Secretary of State, in the office of the clerk of the superior court of the county where any real property owned by such limited liability company is located and record such certified copy of the certificate of conversion in the books kept by such clerk for recordation of deeds in such county with the entity electing to become a limited liability company indexed as the grantor and the limited liability company indexed as the grantee. No real estate transfer tax under Code Section 48-6-1 shall be due with respect to recordation of such election.

(Code 1981, §14-11-212, enacted by Ga. L. 1993, p. 123, § 1; Ga. L. 1995, p. 470, § 16; Ga. L. 1997, p. 1380, § 4; Ga. L. 2006, p. 825, § 24/SB 469; Ga. L. 2009, p. 108, § 3/HB 308.)

Law reviews.

- For article commenting on the 1997 amendment of this Code section, see 14 Ga. St. U. L. Rev. 57 (1997). For article, "2006 Amendments to Georgia's Corporate Code and Alternative Entity Statutes," see 12 Ga. St. B. J. 12 (2007). For article, "The Georgia LLC Act Comes of Age," see 16 (No. 1) Ga. St. B. J. 20 (2010).

ARTICLE 3 AGENCY; MANAGEMENT; DUTIES; LIABILITY
Disclaimer: These codes may not be the most recent version. Georgia may have more current or accurate information. We make no warranties or guarantees about the accuracy, completeness, or adequacy of the information contained on this site or the information linked to on the state site. Please check official sources.