2016 Georgia Code
Title 19 - Domestic Relations
Chapter 6 - Alimony and Child Support
Article 1 - General Provisions
§ 19-6-32. Entering income deduction order or medical support notice for award of child support; when order or notice effective; hearing on order
(a)(1) Except as provided for in paragraph (1) of subsection (a.1) of this Code section, upon the entry of a judgment or order establishing, enforcing, or modifying a child support obligation or spousal support obligation through a court or an administrative process, a separate order for income deduction, if one has not been previously entered, shall be entered. If the obligee is an applicant for child support services under Title IV-D of the federal Social Security Act, the court, referee, or administrative law judge shall furnish copies of the support order and the income deduction order to the IV-D agency.
(2) For all child support orders, and spousal support orders enforced pursuant to subsection (d) of Code Section 19-11-6, the IV-D agency shall be authorized to issue an order for income deduction without need for any amendment to the order involved or any further action by the court or entity that issued it, provided that an opportunity for a hearing before a court, a referee of the court, or an administrative law judge is afforded. The IV-D agency shall also be authorized to issue a National Medical Support Notice to enforce the medical support provisions of such orders, provided that an opportunity for a hearing pursuant to Code Section 19-11-27 is afforded. Such orders or notices may be issued electronically by the IV-D agency. The IV-D agency shall issue an order for income deduction or, when appropriate, a National Medical Support Notice within two business days after the information regarding a newly hired employee is entered into the centralized employee registry pursuant to Code Section 19-11-9.2 and matched with an obligor in a case being enforced by the IV-D agency.
(3) All child support orders issued or modified before July 1, 1997, which are not otherwise subject to income deduction shall become subject to income deduction upon the accrual of the equivalent of a 30 day arrearage, without the need for an administrative or judicial hearing or order.
(a.1)(1) All child support orders which are initially issued in this state on or after January 1, 1994, and are not at the time of issuance being enforced by the IV-D agency shall provide for the immediate withholding of such support from the income and earnings of the person required by that order to furnish support unless:
(A) The court issuing the order finds there is good cause not to require such immediate withholding; or
(B) A written agreement is reached between both parties which provides for an alternative arrangement.
For purposes of this paragraph, any finding that there is good cause not to require withholding must be based on at least a written determination that implementing wage withholding would not be in the best interest of the child and proof of timely payment of previously ordered support in cases involving modification of support orders.
(2) All child support orders which are not described in subsection (a) of this Code section or in paragraph (1) of this subsection shall, upon petition of either party to revise that order under Code Section 19-6-19 or to enforce that order under Code Section 19-6-28, be revised to include provisions for withholding of such support from the wages of the person required by the order to furnish that support if arrearages equal to one month's support accrue but without the necessity of filing application for services under Code Section 19-11-6.
(3) Copies of income deduction orders issued under this subsection shall be served on the obligee, obligor, and the child support IV-D agency.
(b) The income deduction order shall:
(1) Direct a payor to deduct from all income due and payable to an obligor the amount required by the support order to meet the obligor's support obligation;
(2) State the amount of arrearage accrued, if any, under the support order and direct a payor to withhold an additional amount until the arrearage is paid in full;
(3) Direct a payor not to deduct in excess of the amounts allowed under Section 303(b) of the federal Consumer Credit Protection Act, 15 U.S.C. Section 1673(b), as amended; and
(4) Direct the payor to send income deduction payment including administrative fees authorized by law to the family support registry as provided for in Code Section 19-6-33.1.
(c) Income deduction orders shall be effective immediately unless the court upon good cause shown finds that the income deduction shall be effective upon a delinquency in an amount equal to one month's support or a written agreement is reached between both parties which provides for an alternative arrangement.
(d) The income deduction order shall be effective so long as the order of support upon which it is based is effective or until further order of the court.
(e) When the court orders the income deduction to be effective immediately, the court shall furnish to the obligor a statement of his or her rights, remedies, and duties in regard to the income deduction order. The statement shall state:
(1) All fees or interest which shall be imposed;
(2) The total amount of income to be deducted for each pay period until the arrearage, if any, is paid in full and state the total amount of income to be deducted for each pay period thereafter. The amounts deducted may not be in excess of that allowed under Section 303(b) of the federal Consumer Credit Protection Act, 15 U.S.C. Section 1673(b), as amended;
(3) That the income deduction applies to current and subsequent payors and periods of employment;
(4) That a copy of the income deduction order will be served on the obligor's payor or payors;
(5) That the enforcement of the income deduction order may only be contested on the ground of mistake of fact regarding the amount of support owed pursuant to a support order, the arrearages, or the identity of the obligor; and
(6) That the obligor is required to notify the obligee and, when the obligee is receiving Title IV-D services, the IV-D agency within seven days of changes in the obligor's address and payors and the addresses of his or her payors.
(f) When the income deduction is effective upon a delinquency in an amount equal to one month's support, or when an order for spousal or child support was in effect prior to July 1, 1989, the obligee may enforce the income deduction by serving notice of delinquency on the obligor. The notice of delinquency shall state:
(1) The terms of the support order;
(2) The period of delinquency and the total amount of the delinquency as of the date the notice is mailed;
(3) All fees or interest which may be imposed;
(4) The total amount of income to be deducted for each pay period until the arrearage and all applicable fees and interest are paid in full and the total amount of income to be deducted for each pay period thereafter. The amounts deducted may not be in excess of that allowed under Section 303(b) of the federal Consumer Credit Protection Act, 15 U.S.C. Section 1673(b), as amended;
(5) That a copy of the notice of delinquency will be served on the obligor's payor or payors, together with a copy of the income deduction order. The obligor may apply to the court to contest enforcement of the order once the notice of delinquency has been served. The application shall not affect the enforcement of the income deduction order until the court enters an order granting relief to the obligor;
(6) That the enforcement of the income deduction order may only be contested on the ground of mistake of fact regarding the amount of support owed pursuant to a support order, the arrearages, or the identity of the obligor; and
(7) That the obligor is required to notify the obligee of the obligor's current address and current payors and the address of current payors. All changes shall be reported by the obligor within seven days. If the IV-D agency is enforcing the order, the obligor shall make these notifications to the agency instead of to the obligee.
The failure of the obligor to receive the notice of delinquency does not preclude subsequent service of the income deduction order on the obligor's payor. A notice of delinquency which fails to state an arrearage does not mean that an arrearage is not owed.
(g) At any time, any party, including the IV-D agency, may apply to the court, referee of the court, or administrative law judge to:
(1) Modify, suspend, or terminate the order for income deduction because of a modification, suspension, or termination of the underlying order for support; or
(2) Modify the amount of income deducted when the arrearage has been paid.
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