2015 Georgia Code
Title 44 - PROPERTY
Chapter 3 - REGULATION OF SPECIALIZED LAND TRANSACTIONS
Article 3 - CONDOMINIUMS
§ 44-3-111 - Sales of residential condominium units for residential occupancy; information required to be furnished by seller; buyer's right to void contract; limitations period; attorney's fees; penalty for willful violation

GA Code § 44-3-111 (2015) What's This?

(a) This Code section shall apply only to the first bona fide sale of each residential condominium unit for residential occupancy by the buyer, any member of the buyer's family, or any employee of the buyer. This Code section shall apply to any such sale regardless of whether the seller is the declarant, the association, or any other person. A contract for a sale to which this Code section is applicable is referred to in this Code section as a "covered contract."

(b) Any covered contract shall be voidable by the buyer until at least seven days after the seller has furnished to the prospective buyer the documents specified in this subsection. The copy of any such document which must be executed in order to be effective shall be a copy of the executed document. The documents required under this subsection to be furnished to the prospective buyer are the following:

(1) A copy of the floor plan of the unit which is the subject of the covered contract;

(2) A copy of the declaration and of each amendment thereto as of that time;

(3) A copy of the articles of incorporation and bylaws of the association and of each amendment to either as of that time;

(4) A copy of any ground lease or other underlying lease of all or any part of the condominium;

(5) A copy of every management, maintenance, and other contract for the management and operation of either the association, the condominium, or the facilities to be used by the unit owners having a term in excess of one year; contracts renewable without the consent of the association shall be deemed to have a term in excess of one year;

(6) The estimated or actual operating budget for the condominium for the current year containing the matters set forth in subparagraph (A) of this paragraph and a schedule of estimated or actual expenses pertaining to each condominium unit for the current year containing the matters set forth in subparagraph (B) of this paragraph:

(A) Expenses of the association for:

(i) Administration;

(ii) Management fees;

(iii) Maintenance;

(iv) Rent for recreational and other commonly used facilities;

(v) Taxes on property of the association;

(vi) Insurance;

(vii) Security provisions;

(viii) Other expenses;

(ix) Operating capital;

(x) Reserve for deferred maintenance;

(xi) Reserve for depreciation; and

(xii) Other reserves; and

(B) Expenses of the unit owner for:

(i) Assessments to cover association expenses;

(ii) Rent for the unit if part of a leasehold condominium; and

(iii) Rent, fees, or charges payable by the unit owner directly to the lessor or the lessor's agent under any recreational lease or lease for the use of commonly used facilities, which leases are and payment is a mandatory condition of ownership and which payment is not included in the assessments paid by the unit owner to the association;

(7) A copy of any lease of recreational or other facilities that will be used only by the unit owners;

(8) A copy of any lease of recreational or other facilities that will or may be used by unit owners in common with any other person;

(9) A copy of a statement setting forth the extent of and conditions or limitations applicable to the declarant's commitment to build and submit additional units, additional recreational or other facilities, or additional property; and

(10) If the covered contract applies to a condominium unit which is part of a conversion condominium:

(A) A statement by the declarant, based on a report prepared by an independent, registered architect or engineer, describing the present condition of all structural components and mechanical and electrical systems, excluding fixtures and appliances within the units, material to the use and enjoyment of the condominium;

(B) A statement by the declarant of the expected useful life of each item reported on as provided in subparagraph (A) of this paragraph or a statement that no representations are made in that regard; and

(C) A list of any outstanding notices of uncured violations of building code or other county or municipal regulations together with the estimated cost of curing those violations.

This paragraph shall not apply to any condominium created prior to July 1, 1980, or to the expansion of any such condominium.

The items required by this subsection shall be bound or stapled into a single package and covered by an index sheet listing each item required by this subsection and showing either that the same is attached or does not exist. A nonrefundable deposit not in excess of $25.00 may be required of the recipient of the documents required by this Code section, such deposit to be applied to the purchase price of the condominium unit in the event of purchase by the recipient. A dated, written acknowledgment of receipt of all items required by this subsection, executed by the recipient, shall be prima-facie evidence of the date of delivery of said items.

(c) (1) Any covered contract shall be voidable by the buyer until at least seven days after the seller has furnished to the buyer all of the items required to be furnished under this Code section. This subsection may not be waived. The contract shall contain within the text the following legend in boldface type or capital letters no smaller than the largest type in the text: "THIS CONTRACT IS VOIDABLE BY BUYER UNTIL AT LEAST SEVEN DAYS AFTER ALL OF THE ITEMS REQUIRED UNDER CODE SECTION 44-3-111 OF THE 'GEORGIA CONDOMINIUM ACT' TO BE DELIVERED TO BUYER HAVE BEEN RECEIVED BY BUYER. THE ITEMS SO REQUIRED ARE: (1) A FLOOR PLAN OF THE UNIT, (2) THE DECLARATION AND AMENDMENTS THERETO, (3) THE ASSOCIATION'S ARTICLES OF INCORPORATION AND BYLAWS AND AMENDMENTS THERETO, (4) ANY GROUND LEASE, (5) ANY MANAGEMENT CONTRACT HAVING A TERM IN EXCESS OF ONE YEAR, (6) THE ESTIMATED OR ACTUAL BUDGET FOR THE CONDOMINIUM, (7) ANY LEASE OF RECREATIONAL OR OTHER FACILITIES THAT WILL BE USED ONLY BY THE UNIT OWNERS, (8) ANY LEASE OF RECREATIONAL OR OTHER FACILITIES THAT WILL OR MAY BE USED BY THE UNIT OWNERS WITH OTHERS, (9) A STATEMENT SETTING FORTH THE EXTENT OF THE SELLER'S COMMITMENT TO BUILD OR SUBMIT ADDITIONAL UNITS, ADDITIONAL RECREATIONAL OR OTHER FACILITIES, OR ADDITIONAL PROPERTY, AND (10) IF THIS CONTRACT APPLIES TO A CONDOMINIUM UNIT WHICH IS PART OF A CONVERSION CONDOMINIUM, A STATEMENT DESCRIBING THE CONDITION OF CERTAIN COMPONENTS AND SYSTEMS, A STATEMENT REGARDING THE EXPECTED USEFUL LIFE OF CERTAIN COMPONENTS AND SYSTEMS, AND CERTAIN INFORMATION REGARDING ANY NOTICES OF VIOLATIONS OF COUNTY OR MUNICIPAL REGULATIONS. A DATED, WRITTEN ACKNOWLEDGMENT OF RECEIPT OF ALL SAID ITEMS SIGNED BY THE BUYER SHALL BE PRIMA-FACIE EVIDENCE OF THE DATE OF DELIVERY OF SAID ITEM."

This paragraph shall apply to any condominium created on or after July 1, 1980, or to the expansion of any such condominium.

(2) No covered contract executed prior to the expiration of seven days after the actual delivery to the prospective purchaser of the items required to be furnished by subsection (b) of this Code section shall be of any force or effect whatsoever. This subsection may not be waived. The contract shall contain within the text the following legend in boldface type or capital letters no smaller than the largest type in the text: "UNLESS ALL OF THE ITEMS REQUIRED UNDER CODE SECTION 44-3-111 OF THE 'GEORGIA CONDOMINIUM ACT' TO BE DELIVERED TO BUYER HAVE BEEN RECEIVED BY BUYER AT LEAST SEVEN DAYS PRIOR TO BUYER'S EXECUTION OF THIS CONTRACT, THIS CONTRACT IS OF NO FORCE OR EFFECT AND SHALL NOT BE BINDING ON ANY PARTY. THE ITEMS SO REQUIRED ARE: (1) A FLOOR PLAN OF THE UNIT, (2) THE DECLARATION AND AMENDMENTS THERETO, (3) THE ASSOCIATION'S ARTICLES OF INCORPORATION AND BYLAWS AND AMENDMENTS THERETO, (4) ANY GROUND LEASE, (5) ANY MANAGEMENT CONTRACT HAVING A TERM IN EXCESS OF ONE YEAR, (6) THE ESTIMATED OR ACTUAL BUDGET FOR THE CONDOMINIUM, (7) ANY LEASE OF RECREATIONAL OR OTHER FACILITIES THAT WILL BE USED ONLY BY THE UNIT OWNERS, (8) ANY LEASE OF RECREATIONAL OR OTHER FACILITIES THAT WILL OR MAY BE USED BY THE UNIT OWNERS WITH OTHERS, AND (9) A STATEMENT SETTING FORTH THE EXTENT OF THE SELLER'S COMMITMENT TO BUILD OR SUBMIT ADDITIONAL UNITS, ADDITIONAL RECREATIONAL OR OTHER FACILITIES, OR ADDITIONAL PROPERTY. A DATED, WRITTEN ACKNOWLEDGMENT OF RECEIPT OF ALL SAID ITEMS SIGNED BY THE BUYER SHALL BE PRIMA-FACIE EVIDENCE OF THE DATE OF DELIVERY OF SAID ITEMS."

This paragraph shall apply to any condominium created prior to July 1, 1980, or to the expansion of any such condominium.

(d) The items required to be furnished or made available to a prospective buyer under this Code section shall constitute a part of each covered contract; and no change may be made in any of such items which would materially affect the rights of the prospective buyer or the value of the unit without the approval of the prospective buyer except to the extent that such items by their own terms, by the express terms of such covered contract, or by the provisions of this article may be changed without the consent of any unit owner or prospective buyer.

(e) In addition to provisions elsewhere required, a covered contract shall include the following provisions:

(1) A caveat in boldface type or capital letters no smaller than the largest type on the page shall be placed upon the first page of the contract in the following words: "ORAL REPRESENTATIONS CANNOT BE RELIED UPON AS CORRECTLY STATING THE REPRESENTATIONS OF THE SELLER. FOR CORRECT REPRESENTATIONS, REFERENCE SHOULD BE MADE TO THIS CONTRACT AND THE DOCUMENTS REQUIRED BY CODE SECTION 44-3-111 OF THE 'GEORGIA CONDOMINIUM ACT' TO BE FURNISHED BY A SELLER TO A BUYER.";

(2) If the contract applies to a condominium unit which is part of an expandable condominium, the contract shall contain within the text the following statement in boldface type or capital letters no smaller than the largest type in the text: "THIS CONTRACT APPLIES TO A CONDOMINIUM UNIT WHICH IS PART OF AN EXPANDABLE CONDOMINIUM.";

(3) If the contract applies to a condominium unit which includes a leasehold estate or estate for years in property and if, upon the expiration of such leasehold or estate, the unit will be deemed to have been withdrawn pursuant to subsection (c) of Code Section 44-3-81 or the condominium will be terminated, the contract shall contain within the text a statement in the following words in boldface type or capital letters no smaller than the largest type in the text: "THIS CONTRACT IS FOR THE TRANSFER OF A CONDOMINIUM UNIT SUBJECT TO A LEASE THAT EXPIRES , AND THE LESSEE'S INTEREST WILL TERMINATE UPON EXPIRATION OF THE LEASE.";

(4) If the contract applies to a condominium unit that is subject to a lien for rent payable under a lease of a recreational facility or other commonly used facility, the contract shall contain within the text a statement in the following words in boldface type or capital letters no smaller than the largest type in the text: "THIS CONTRACT IS FOR THE TRANSFER OF A CONDOMINIUM UNIT THAT IS SUBJECT TO A LIEN FOR RENT PAYABLE UNDER A LEASE OF A RECREATIONAL FACILITY, AND FAILURE TO PAY THIS RENT MAY RESULT IN FORECLOSURE OF THE LIEN.";

(5) If, but only if, any applicable statute, ordinance, rule, or regulation requires, permits, or provides for the issuance of a certificate of occupancy by any officer, department, or agency of any governmental entity, the contract shall contain an express obligation on the part of the seller to furnish to the buyer at or prior to closing a true, correct, and complete copy of a duly issued certificate of occupancy covering the unit which is the subject matter of the covered contract unless the buyer executes a separate agreement at or before closing setting forth that the contract applies to a condominium unit for which the seller is not obligated to obtain a certificate of occupancy before conveyance of the unit to the buyer and such agreement contains the following statement in at least 14-point boldface type or capital letters: "THE SELLER IS NOT OBLIGATED TO OBTAIN A CERTIFICATE OF OCCUPANCY BEFORE CONVEYANCE OF THE UNIT TO THE BUYER. THE LACK OF A CERTIFICATE OF OCCUPANCY SHALL NOT EXCUSE THE BUYER FROM ANY OBLIGATION TO PAY ASSESSMENTS TO THE ASSOCIATION."; and

(6) If the contract applies to a condominium unit which is part of a conversion condominium, the contract shall contain within the text the following statement in boldface type or capital letters no smaller than the largest type in the text: "THIS CONTRACT APPLIES TO A CONDOMINIUM UNIT WHICH IS PART OF A CONVERSION CONDOMINIUM."

This paragraph shall not apply to any condominium created prior to July 1, 1980, or to the expansion of any such condominium.

(f) If any condominium unit is offered for sale prior to the completion of the construction or remodeling of that unit or of improvements which shall constitute common elements, the seller shall make available to each prospective buyer for his inspection at a place convenient to the site a copy of the existing plans and specifications for the construction or remodeling of that unit and of the improvements which shall constitute common elements, whichever is not then complete.

(g) Any sales brochures describing the condominium and the units to be sold shall include a description and location of the recreational facilities proposed to be provided by the seller, the parking facilities, and other commonly used facilities together with a statement indicating:

(1) Which of the facilities will be owned by the unit owners as part of the common elements and which of the facilities will be owned by others;

(2) Whether, with respect to each facility so shown, the seller is obligated to complete the same; and

(3) The limitations or conditions, if any, on the seller's obligation to complete the same.

A caveat in boldface type or capital letters no smaller than the largest type of text material shall be conspicuously placed on the inside front cover of the sales brochure or on the first page containing text material or shall be otherwise conspicuously displayed and shall contain the following words: "ORAL REPRESENTATIONS CANNOT BE RELIED UPON AS CORRECTLY STATING REPRESENTATIONS OF THE SELLER. FOR CORRECT REPRESENTATIONS, REFERENCE SHOULD BE MADE TO THIS BROCHURE AND TO THE DOCUMENTS REQUIRED BY CODE SECTION 44-3-111 OF THE 'GEORGIA CONDOMINIUM ACT' TO BE FURNISHED BY THE SELLER TO A BUYER."

(h) If condominium units are sold subject to a lease, all written or printed advertising of the units shall contain a statement in the following words in boldface type or capital letters no smaller than the largest type in the context where used: "THESE CONDOMINIUM UNITS WILL BE TRANSFERRED SUBJECT TO A LEASE."

(i) Any person who, in reasonable reliance upon any false or misleading material statement or information published by or under authority from the seller in advertising and promotional materials, including, but not limited to, the items required to be furnished by this Code section, brochures, and newspaper advertising, or who, without having been furnished with all of the information required to be furnished by this Code section, pays anything of value toward the purchase of a condominium unit located in this state shall be entitled to bring an action against the seller for damages under this Code section at any time prior to the expiration of one year after the date upon which the last of the events described in paragraphs (1) through (5) of this subsection shall occur:

(1) The closing of the transaction;

(2) The first issuance by the applicable governmental authority of a certificate of occupancy or other evidence of sufficient completion of construction of the building containing the unit to allow lawful occupancy of the unit. In counties or municipalities in which certificates of occupancy or other evidence of completion sufficient to allow lawful occupancy are not customarily issued, for the purpose of this Code section, evidence of lawful occupancy shall be deemed to have been given or issued upon the date that such lawful occupancy of the unit may first be allowed under prevailing applicable laws, ordinances, or statutes;

(3) The completion of the common elements and any recreational facilities, whether or not the same are common elements, which the seller is obligated to complete or to provide under the terms of the written contract for the sale of the unit;

(4) As to claims relating to the common elements and other portions of the condominium which are the responsibility of the association to maintain, the date upon which the declarant's right to control the association terminates as provided in Code Section 44-3-101; or

(5) In the event there shall not be a written contract for the sale of the unit, then the completion of the common elements and such recreational facilities, whether or not the same are common elements, which the seller would be obligated to complete under any rule of law applicable to the seller's obligation.

(j) Under no circumstances shall a cause of action created or recognized under this Code section survive for a period of more than five years after the closing of the transaction. Any person who has a right of action for damages as provided in this subsection shall have the additional right to rescind any contract for the purchase of a condominium unit at any time prior to the closing of the transaction. In any action for relief under this Code section, the prevailing party shall be entitled to recover reasonable attorney's fees.

(k) Willful violation of any of the requirements of this Code section by the declarant, the seller, any sales agent or broker, or any other person shall constitute a misdemeanor.

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