2010 Georgia Code
TITLE 48 - REVENUE AND TAXATION
CHAPTER 8 - SALES AND USE TAXES
ARTICLE 1 - STATE SALES AND USE TAX
PART 1 - GENERAL PROVISIONS
§ 48-8-2 - (For effective date, see note.) Definitions

O.C.G.A. 48-8-2 (2010)
LexisNexis Practice Insights

1. Examining Bundled Service and Tangible Personal Property Transactions in Georgia

2. Taxable Retail Sales Include Charges for Transient Lodgings but not for Long-Term Stays

48-8-2. (For effective date, see note.) Definitions


As used in this article, the term:

(1) "Alcoholic Beverages" means beverages that are suitable for human consumption and contain one-half of one percent or more of alcohol by volume.

(2) "Ancillary services" means services that are associated with or incidental to the provision of "telecommunications services," including but not limited to "detailed telecommunications billing service," "directory assistance," "vertical service," and "voice mail services."

(3) "Bundled transaction" means the retail sale of two or more products, except real property and services to real property, where the products are otherwise distinct and identifiable and the products are sold for one nonitemized price. A "bundled transaction" does not include the sale of any products in which the "sales price" varies, or is negotiable, based on the selection by the purchaser of the products included in the transaction.

(A) "Distinct and identifiable products" shall not include:

(i) Packaging such as containers, boxes, sacks, bags, and bottles or other materials such as wrapping, labels, tags, and instruction guides, that accompanies the "retail sale" of the products and are incidental or immaterial to the "retail sale" thereof. Examples of packaging that are incidental or immaterial include grocery sacks, shoe boxes, dry cleaning garment bags, and express delivery envelopes and boxes.

(ii) A product provided free of charge with the required purchase of another product. A product is "provided free of charge" if the "sales price" of the product purchased does not vary depending on the inclusion of the product "provided free of charge."

(iii) Items included in the "sales price."

(B) The term "one nonitemized price" shall not include a price that is separately identified by product on binding sales or other supporting sales related documentation made available to the customer in paper or electronic form including, but not limited to, an invoice, bill of sale, receipt, contract, service agreement, lease agreement, periodic notice of rates and services, rate card, or price list.

(C) A transaction that otherwise meets the definition of a "bundled transaction" as defined above, is not a "bundled transaction" if it is:

(i) The "retail sale" of tangible personal property and a service where the tangible personal property is essential to the use of the service, and is provided exclusively in connection with the service, and the true object of the transaction is the service;

(ii) The "retail sale" of services where one service is provided that is essential to the use or receipt of a second service and the first service is provided exclusively in connection with the second service and the true object of the transaction is the second service;

(iii) (I) A transaction that includes taxable products and nontaxable products and the "purchase price" or "sales price" of the taxable products is de minimis. As used in this subparagraph the term, "de minimis" means the seller's "purchase price" or "sales price" of the taxable product is 10 percent or less of the total "purchase price" or "sales price" of the bundled products.

(II) Sellers shall use either the "purchase price" or the "sales price" of the products to determine if the taxable products are de minimis. Sellers may not use a combination of the "purchase price" and "sales price" of the products to determine if the taxable products are de minimis.

(III) Sellers shall use the full term of a service contract to determine if the taxable products are de minimis; or

(iv) The "retail sale" of exempt tangible personal property and taxable tangible personal property where:

(I) The transaction includes "food and food ingredients," "drugs," "durable medical equipment," "mobility enhancing equipment," "over-the-counter drugs," or "prosthetic devices"; and

(II) The seller's "purchase price" or "sales price" of the taxable tangible personal property is 50 percent or less of the total "purchase price" or "sales price" of the bundled tangible personal property. Sellers may not use a combination of the "purchase price" and "sales price" of the tangible personal property when making the 50 percent determination for a transaction.

(4) "Business" means any activity engaged in by any person or caused to be engaged in by any person with the object of direct or indirect gain, benefit, or advantage.

(5) "Coin operated telephone service" means a "telecommunications service" paid for by inserting money into a telephone accepting direct deposits of money to operate.

(6) "Computer software" means a set of coded instructions designed to cause a computer or automatic data processing equipment to perform a task.

(7) "Conference bridging service" means an ancillary service that links two or more participants of an audio or video conference call and may include the provision of a telephone number. "Conference bridging service" shall not include the telecommunications services used to reach the conference bridge.

(8) "Dealer" means every person who:

(A) Has sold at retail, used, consumed, distributed, or stored for use or consumption in this state tangible personal property and who cannot prove that the tax levied by this article has been paid on the sale at retail or on the use, consumption, distribution, or storage of the tangible personal property;

(B) Imports or causes to be imported tangible personal property from any state or foreign country for sale at retail, or for use, consumption, distribution, or storage for use or consumption in this state;

(C) Is the lessee or renter of tangible personal property and who pays to the owner of the property a consideration for the use or possession of the property without acquiring title to the property;

(D) Leases or rents tangible personal property for a consideration, permitting the use or possession of the property without transferring title to the property;

(E) Maintains or has within this state, indirectly or by a subsidiary, an office, distribution center, salesroom or sales office, warehouse, service enterprise, or any other place of business;

(F) Manufactures or produces tangible personal property for sale at retail or for use, consumption, distribution, or storage for use or consumption in this state;

(G) Sells at retail, offers for sale at retail, or has in his possession for sale at retail, or for use, consumption, distribution, or storage for use or consumption in this state tangible personal property;

(H) Solicits business by an agent, employee, representative, or any other person;

(I) Engages in the regular or systematic solicitation of a consumer market in this state, unless the dealer's only activity in this state is:

(i) Advertising or solicitation by:

(I) Direct mail, catalogs, periodicals, or advertising fliers;

(II) Means of print, radio, or television media; or

(III) Telephone, computer, the Internet, cable, microwave, or other communication system; or

(ii) The delivery of tangible personal property within this state solely by common carrier or United States mail.

The exceptions provided in divisions (i) and (ii) of this subparagraph shall not apply to any requirements under Code Section 48-8-14;

(J) Is an affiliate that sells at retail, offers for sale at retail in this state, or engages in the regular or systematic solicitation of a consumer market in this state through a related dealer located in this state unless:

(i) The in-state dealer to which the affiliate is related does not engage in any of the following activities on behalf of the affiliate:

(I) Advertising;

(II) Marketing;

(III) Sales; or

(IV) Other services; and

(ii) The in-state dealer to which the affiliate is related accepts the return of tangible personal property sold by the affiliate and also accepts the return of tangible personal property sold by any person or dealer that is not an affiliate on the same terms and conditions as an affiliate's return;

As used in this subparagraph, the term "affiliate" means any person that is related directly or indirectly through one or more intermediaries, controls, is controlled by, is under common control with, or is subject to the control of a dealer described in subparagraphs (A) through (I) of this paragraph or in this subparagraph;

(K) Notwithstanding any of the provisions contained in this paragraph, with respect to a person that is not a resident or domiciliary of Georgia, that does not engage in any other business or activity in Georgia, and that has contracted with a commercial printer for printing to be conducted in Georgia, such person shall not be deemed a "dealer" in Georgia merely because such person:

(i) Owns tangible or intangible property which is located at the Georgia premises of a commercial printer for use by such printer in performing services for the owner;

(ii) Makes sales and distributions of printed material produced at and shipped or distributed from the Georgia premises of the commercial printer;

(iii) Performs activities of any kind at the Georgia premises of the commercial printer which are directly related to the services provided by the commercial printer; or

(iv) Has printing, including any printing related activities, and distribution related activities performed by the commercial printer in Georgia for or on its behalf,

nor shall such person, absent any contact with Georgia other than with or through the use of the commercial printer or the use of the United States Postal Service or a common carrier, have an obligation to collect sales or use tax from any of its customers located in Georgia based upon the activities described in divisions (i) through (iv) of this subparagraph. In no event described in this subparagraph shall such person be considered to have a fixed place of business in Georgia at either the commercial printer's premises or at any place where the commercial printer performs services on behalf of that person;

(L) Each dealer shall collect the tax imposed by this article from the purchaser, lessee, or renter, as applicable, and no action seeking either legal or equitable relief on a sale, lease, rental, or other transaction may be had in this state by the dealer unless the dealer has fully complied with this article; or

(M) The commissioner shall promulgate such rules and regulations necessary to administer this paragraph, including other such information, applications, forms, or statements as the commissioner may reasonably require.

(9) "Delivered electronically" means delivered to the purchaser by means other than tangible storage media.

(10) "Delivery charges" means charges by the seller of personal property or services for preparation and delivery to a location designated by the purchaser of personal property or services including, but not limited to, transportation, shipping, postage, handling, crating, and packing.

(11) "Detailed telecommunications billing service" means an ancillary service of separately stating information pertaining to individual calls on a customer's billing statement.

(12) "Direct mail" means printed material delivered or distributed by United States mail or other delivery service to a mass audience or to addressees on a mailing list provided by the purchaser or at the direction of the purchaser when the costs of the items are not billed directly to the recipients. "Direct mail" includes tangible personal property supplied directly or indirectly by the purchaser to the direct mail seller for inclusion in the package containing the printed material. "Direct mail" does not include multiple items of printed material delivered to a single address.

(13) "Directory assistance" means an ancillary service of providing telephone number information or address information, or both.

(14) "Drug" means a compound, substance, or preparation, and any component of a compound, substance, or preparation, other than "food and food ingredients," "dietary supplements," or "alcoholic beverages":

(A) Recognized in the official United States Pharmacopoeia, official Homeopathic Pharmacopoeia of the United States, or official National Formulary, or supplement to any of them;

(B) Intended for use in the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment, or prevention of disease; or

(C) Intended to affect the structure or any function of the body.

(15) "Durable medical equipment" means equipment including repair and replacement parts for the same, but does not include "mobility enhancing equipment," which:

(A) Can withstand repeated use;

(B) Is primarily and customarily used to serve a medical purpose;

(C) Generally is not useful to a person in the absence of illness or injury; and

(D) Is not worn in or on the body.

(16) "Food and food ingredients" means substances, whether in liquid, concentrated, solid, frozen, dried, or dehydrated form, that are sold for ingestion or chewing by humans and are consumed for their taste or nutritional value. "Food and food ingredients" shall not include alcoholic beverages or tobacco.

(17) "Lease or rental" means any transfer of possession or control of tangible personal property for a fixed or indeterminate term for consideration. A lease or rental may include future options to purchase or extend. "Lease or rental" shall not include:

(A) A transfer of possession or control of property under a security agreement or deferred payment plan that requires the transfer of title upon completion of the required payments;

(B) A transfer of possession or control of property under an agreement that requires the transfer of title upon completion of required payments and payment of an option price does not exceed the greater of one hundred dollars or one percent of the total required payments; or

(C) Providing tangible personal property along with an operator for a fixed or indeterminate period of time. A condition of this exclusion is that the operator is necessary for the equipment to perform as designed. For the purpose of this subparagraph, an operator must do more than maintain, inspect, or install the tangible personal property.

(18) "Load and leave" means delivery to the purchaser by use of a tangible storage media where the tangible storage media is not physically transferred to the purchaser.

(19) "Mobile wireless service" means a telecommunications service that is transmitted, conveyed, or routed regardless of the technology used, by which the origination or termination points, or both, of the transmission, conveyance, or routing are not fixed, including, by way of example only, telecommunications services that are provided by a commercial mobile radio service provider.

(20) "Mobility enhancing equipment" means equipment including repair and replacement parts to the same, but does not include "durable medical equipment," which:

(A) Is primarily and customarily used to provide or increase the ability to move from one place to another and which is appropriate for use either in a home or a motor vehicle;

(B) Is not generally used by persons with normal mobility; and

(C) Does not include any motor vehicle or equipment on a motor vehicle normally provided by a motor vehicle manufacturer.

(21) "Place of primary use" means the street address representative of where the customer's use of the telecommunications service primarily occurs, which must be the residential street address or the primary business street address of the customer. In the case of mobile telecommunications services, "place of primary use" must be within the licensed service area of the home service provider.

(22) "Prepaid calling service" means the right to access exclusively "telecommunications services," which must be paid for in advance and which enables the origination of calls using an access number or authorization code, whether manually or electronically dialed, and that is sold in predetermined units or dollars of which the number declines with use in a known amount.

(23) "Prepaid local tax" means any local sales and use tax which is levied on the sale or use of motor fuel and imposed in an area consisting of less than the entire state, however authorized, including, but not limited to, such taxes authorized by or pursuant to constitutional amendment; by or pursuant to Section 25 of an Act approved March 10, 1965 (Ga. L. 1965, p. 2243), as amended, known as the "Metropolitan Atlanta Rapid Transit Authority Act of 1965"; or by or pursuant to Article 2, 2A, 3, or 4 of this chapter. Such tax is based on the same average retail sales price as set forth in subparagraph (b)(2)(B) of Code Section 48-9-14. Such price shall be used to compute the prepaid sales tax rate for local jurisdictions by multiplying such retail price by the applicable rate imposed by the jurisdiction. The person collecting and reporting the prepaid local tax for the local jurisdiction shall provide a schedule as to which jurisdiction these collections relate. This determination shall be based upon the shipping papers of the conveyance that delivered the motor fuel to the dealer or consumer in the local jurisdiction. A seller may rely upon the representation made by the purchaser as to which jurisdiction the shipment is bound and prepare shipping papers in accordance with those instructions.

(24) "Prepaid state tax" means the tax levied under Code Section 48-8-30 in conjunction with Code Section 48-8-3.1 and Code Section 48-9-14 on the retail sale of motor fuels for highway use and collected prior to that retail sale. This tax is based upon the average retail sales price as set forth in Code Section 48-9-14.

(25) "Prepaid wireless calling service" means a "telecommunications service" that provides the right to utilize "mobile wireless service" as well as other nontelecommunications services including the download of digital products "delivered electronically," content, and "ancillary services," which must be paid for in advance that is sold in predetermined units of dollars of which the number declines with use in a known amount.

(26) "Prewritten computer software" means "computer software," including prewritten upgrades, which is not designed and developed by the author or other creator to the specifications of a specific purchaser. The combining of two or more "prewritten computer software" programs or prewritten portions thereof does not cause the combination to be other than "prewritten computer software." "Prewritten computer software" includes software designed and developed by the author or other creator to the specifications of a specific purchaser when it is sold to a person other than the specific purchaser. Where a person modifies or enhances "computer software" of which the person is not the author or creator, the person shall be deemed to be the author or creator only of such person's modifications or enhancements. "Prewritten computer software" or a prewritten portion thereof that is modified or enhanced to any degree, where such modification or enhancement is designed and developed to the specifications of a specific purchaser, remains "prewritten computer software"; provided, however, that where there is a reasonable, separately stated charge or an invoice or other statement of the price given to the purchaser for such modification or enhancement, such modification or enhancement shall not constitute "prewritten computer software."

(27) "Prepared food" means:

(A) Food:

(i) Sold in a heated state or heated by the seller;

(ii) With two or more food ingredients mixed or combined by the seller for sale as a single item; or

(iii) Sold with eating utensils provided by the seller, including plates, knives, forks, spoons, glasses, cups, napkins, or straws. A plate does not include a container or packaging used to transport the food; and

(B) "Prepared food" shall not include food:

(i) That is only cut, repackaged, or pasteurized by the seller, and eggs, fish, meat, poultry, and foods containing these raw animal foods requiring cooking by the consumer as in Chapter 3, part 401.11 of the United States Food and Drug Administration Food Code so as to prevent food borne illnesses;

(ii) Sold by a seller whose proper primary North American Industrial Classification System code is subsector 311, food manufacturing, except for industry group 3118, bakeries and tortilla manufacturing, if sold without eating utensils provided by the seller; or

(iii) Sold by a seller whose proper primary North American Industrial Classification System code is industry group 3121, beverage manufacturing.

(28) "Prescription" means an order, formula, or recipe issued in any form of oral, written, electronic, or other means of transmission by a duly licensed practitioner authorized by the laws of this state.

(29) "Prosthetic device" means a replacement, corrective, or supportive device including repair and replacement parts for the same worn on or in the body to:

(A) Artificially replace a missing portion of the body;

(B) Prevent or correct physical deformity or malfunction; or

(C) Support a weak or deformed portion of the body.

(30) "Purchase price" applies to the measure subject to use tax and has the same meaning as sales price.

(31) "Retail sale" or a "sale at retail" means any sale, lease, or rental for any purpose other than for resale, sublease, or subrent. Sales for resale must be made in strict compliance with the commissioner's rules and regulations. Any dealer making a sale for resale which is not in strict compliance with the commissioner's rules and regulations shall himself be liable for and shall pay the tax. The terms "retail sale" or "sale at retail" include but are not limited to the following:

(A) Except as otherwise provided in this chapter, the sale of natural or artificial gas, oil, electricity, solid fuel, transportation, local telephone services, alcoholic beverages, and tobacco products, when made to any purchaser for purposes other than resale;

(B) The sale or charges for any room, lodging, or accommodation furnished to transients by any hotel, inn, tourist camp, tourist cabin, or any other place in which rooms, lodgings, or accommodations are regularly furnished to transients for a consideration. This tax shall not apply to rooms, lodgings, or accommodations supplied for a period of 90 continuous days or more;

(C) Sales of tickets, fees, or charges made for admission to, or voluntary contributions made to places of, amusement, sports, or entertainment including, but not limited to:

(i) Billiard and pool rooms;

(ii) Bowling alleys;

(iii) Amusement devices;

(iv) Musical devices;

(v) Theaters;

(vi) Opera houses;

(vii) Moving picture shows;

(viii) Vaudeville;

(ix) Amusement parks;

(x) Athletic contests including, but not limited to, wrestling matches, prize fights, boxing and wrestling exhibitions, football games, and baseball games;

(xi) Skating rinks;

(xii) Race tracks;

(xiii) Public bathing places;

(xiv) Public dance halls; and

(xv) Any other place at which any exhibition, display, amusement, or entertainment is offered to the public or any other place where an admission fee is charged;

(D) Charges made for participation in games and amusement activities;

(E) Sales of tangible personal property to persons for resale when there is a likelihood that the state will lose tax funds due to the difficulty of policing the business operations because:

(i) Of the operation of the business;

(ii) Of the very nature of the business;

(iii) Of the turnover of so-called independent contractors;

(iv) Of the lack of a place of business in which to display a certificate of registration;

(v) Of the lack of a place of business in which to keep records;

(vi) Of the lack of adequate records;

(vii) The persons are minors or transients;

(viii) The persons are engaged in essentially service businesses; or

(ix) Of any other reasonable reason.

The commissioner may promulgate rules and regulations requiring vendors of persons described in this subparagraph to collect the tax imposed by this article on the retail price of the tangible personal property. The commissioner shall refuse to issue certificates of registration and may revoke certificates of registration issued in violation of his rules and regulations;

(F) Charges, which applied to sales of telephone service, made for local exchange telephone service, except coin operated telephone service, except as otherwise provided in subparagraph (G) of this paragraph; or

(G) If the price is attributable to products that are taxable and products that are nontaxable, the portion of the price attributable to the nontaxable products may be subject to tax unless the provider can identify by reasonable and verifiable standards such portion from its books and records that are kept in the regular course of business for other purposes, including, but not limited to, nontax purposes. If the price is attributable to products that are subject to tax at different tax rates, the total price may be treated as attributable to the products subject to tax at the highest tax rate unless the provider can identify by reasonable and verifiable standards the portion of the price attributable to the products subject to tax at the lower rate from the provider's books and records that are kept in the regular course of business for other purposes, including, but not limited to, nontax purposes.

(32) "Retailer" means every person making sales at retail or for distribution, use, consumption, or storage for use or consumption in this state and has the same meaning as "seller" in Code Section 48-8-161.

(33) (A) "Sale" means any transfer of title or possession, transfer of title and possession, exchange, barter, lease, or rental, conditional or otherwise, in any manner or by any means of any kind of tangible personal property for a consideration except as otherwise provided in subparagraph (B) of this paragraph and includes, but is not limited to:

(i) The fabrication of tangible personal property for consumers who directly or indirectly furnish the materials used in such fabrication;

(ii) The furnishing, repairing, or serving for a consideration of any tangible personal property consumed on the premises of the person furnishing, repairing, or serving the tangible personal property; or

(iii) A transaction by which the possession of property is transferred but the seller retains title as security for the payment of the price.

(B) Notwithstanding a dealer's physical presence, in the case of a motor vehicle retail sale or a motor vehicle lease or rental when the lease or rental period exceeds 30 days and when the purchaser or lessee is a resident of this state, the taxable situs of the transaction for the purposes of collecting local sales and use taxes shall be the county of motor vehicle registration of the purchaser or lessee.

(34) (A) "Sales price" applies to the measure subject to sales tax and means the total amount of consideration, including cash, credit, property, and services, for which personal property or services are sold, leased, or rented, valued in money, whether received in money or otherwise without any deduction for the following:

(i) The seller's cost of the property sold;

(ii) The cost of materials used, labor, or service cost, interest, losses, all costs of transportation to the seller, all taxes imposed on the seller, and any other expense of the seller;

(iii) Charges by the seller for any services necessary to complete the sale, other than delivery and installation charges;

(iv) Delivery charges;

(v) Installation charges; and

(vi) Credit for any trade-in, except as otherwise provided in division (vii) of subparagraph (B) of this paragraph.

(B) "Sales price" shall not include:

(i) Discounts, including cash, term, or coupons that are not reimbursed by a third party that are allowed by a seller and taken by a purchaser on a sale;

(ii) Interest, financing, and carrying charges from credit extended on the sale of personal property or services, if the amount is separately stated on the invoice, bill of sale or similar document given to the purchaser;

(iii) Any taxes legally imposed directly on the consumer that are separately stated on the invoice, bill of sale, or similar document given to the purchaser;

(iv) Installation charges if they are separately stated on the invoice, billing, or similar document given to the purchaser;

(v) Charges by the seller for any services necessary to complete the sale if they are separately stated on the invoice, billing, or similar document given to the purchaser;

(vi) Telecommunications nonrecurring charges if they are separately stated on the invoice, billing, or similar document; and

(vii) Credit for any motor vehicle trade-in.

(C) "Sales price" shall include consideration received by the seller from third parties if:

(i) The seller actually receives consideration from a party other than the purchaser and the consideration is directly related to a price reduction or discount on the sale;

(ii) The seller has an obligation to pass the price reduction or discount through to the purchaser;

(iii) The amount of the consideration attributable to the sale is fixed and determinable by the seller at the time of the sale of the item to the purchaser; and

(iv) One of the following criteria is met:

(I) The purchaser presents a coupon, certificate, or other documentation to the seller to claim a price reduction or discount where the coupon, certificate, or documentation is authorized, distributed, or granted by a third party with the understanding that the third party will reimburse any seller to whom the coupon, certificate, or documentation is presented;

(II) The purchaser identifies himself or herself to the seller as a member of a group or organization entitled to a price reduction or discount; provided, however, that a "preferred customer" card that is available to any patron shall not constitute membership in such a group; or

(III) The price reduction or discount is identified as a third party price reduction or discount on the invoice received by the purchaser or on a coupon, certificate, or other documentation presented by the purchaser.

(35) "Storage" means any keeping or retention in this state of tangible personal property for use or consumption in this state or for any purpose other than sale at retail in the regular course of business.

(36) "Streamlined sales tax agreement" means the Streamlined Sales and Use Tax Agreement under Code Section 48-8-162.

(37) "Tangible personal property" means personal property that can be seen, weighed, measured, felt, or touched or that is in any other manner perceptible to the senses. "Tangible personal property" includes electricity, water, gas, steam, and prewritten computer software. "Tangible personal property" does not mean stocks, bonds, notes, insurance, or other obligations or securities.

(38) "Telecommunications nonrecurring charges" means an amount billed for the installation, connection, change, or initiation of "telecommunications service" received by the customer.

(39) "Telecommunications service" means the electronic transmission, conveyance, or routing of voice, data, audio, video, or any other information or signals to a point, or between or among points. The term "telecommunications service" includes such transmission, conveyance, or routing in which computer processing applications are used to act on the form, code or protocol of the content for purposes of transmission, conveyance or routing without regard to whether such service is referred to as voice over Internet protocol services or is classified by the Federal Communications Commission as enhanced or value added. "Telecommunications service" shall not include:

(A) Data processing and information services that allow data to be generated, acquired, stored, processed, or retrieved and delivered by an electronic transmission to a purchaser where such purchaser's primary purpose for the underlying transaction is the processed data or information;

(B) Installation or maintenance of wiring or equipment on a customer's premises;

(C) Tangible personal property;

(D) Advertising, including but not limited to directory advertising;

(E) Billing and collection services provided to third parties;

(F) Internet access service;

(G) Radio and television audio and video programming services, regardless of the medium, including the furnishing of transmission, conveyance and routing of such services by the programming service provider. Radio and television audio and video programming services shall include but not be limited to cable service as defined in 47 USC 522(6) and audio and video programming services delivered by commercial mobile radio service providers, as defined in 47 CFR 20.3;

(H) Ancillary services; or

(I) Digital products delivered electronically, including but not limited to software, music, video, reading materials, or ring tones.

(40) "Use" means the exercise of any right or power over tangible personal property incident to the ownership of the property including, but not limited to, the sale at retail of the property in the regular course of business.

(41) "Use tax" includes the use, consumption, distribution, and storage of tangible personal property as defined in this article.

(42) "Vertical service" means an ancillary service that is offered in connection with one or more telecommunications services, which offers advanced calling features that allow customers to identify callers and to manage multiple calls and call connections, including conference bridging services.

(43) "Voice mail service" means an ancillary service that enables the customer to store, send, or receive recorded messages. "Voice mail service" does not include any vertical services that the customer may be required to have in order to utilize the voice mail service.

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