2012 District of Columbia Code
Section 12-301

Limitation of time for bringing actions

Except as otherwise specifically provided by law, actions for the following purposes may not be brought after the expiration of the period specified below from the time the right to maintain the action accrues:

(1) for the recovery of lands, tenements, or hereditaments -- 15 years;

(2) for the recovery of personal property or damages for its unlawful detention -- 3 years;

(3) for the recovery of damages for an injury to real or personal property -- 3 years;

(4) for libel, slander, assault, battery, mayhem, wounding, malicious prosecution, false arrest or false imprisonment -- 1 year;

(5) for a statutory penalty or forfeiture -- 1 year;

(6) on an executor's or administrator's bond -- 5 years; on any other bond or single bill, covenant, or other instrument under seal -- 12 years;

(7) on a simple contract, express or implied -- 3 years;

(8) for which a limitation is not otherwise specially prescribed -- 3 years;

(9) for a violation of § 7-1201.01(11);

(10) for the recovery of damages for an injury to real property from toxic substances including products containing asbestos -- 5 years from the date the injury is discovered or with reasonable diligence should have been discovered;

(11) for the recovery of damages arising out of sexual abuse that occurred while the victim was a minor -- 7 years from the date that the victim attains the age of 18, or 3 years from when the victim knew, or reasonably should have known, of any act constituting abuse, whichever is later.

This section does not apply to actions for breach or contracts for sale governed by § 28:2-725, nor to actions brought by the District of Columbia government.

CREDIT(S)

(Dec. 23, 1963, 77 Stat. 510, Pub. L. 88-241, § 1; Aug. 30, 1964, 78 Stat. 677, Pub. L. 88-509, § 2; Mar. 3, 1979, D.C. Law 2-136, § 805(c), 25 DCR 5055; Feb. 28, 1987, D.C. Law 6-202, § 3, 34 DCR 527; Apr. 30, 1988, D.C. Law 7-104, § 2(a), 35 DCR 147; Mar. 13, 2004, D.C. Law 15-105, § 99, 51 DCR 881; Mar. 25, 2009, D.C. Law 17-368, § 2, 56 DCR 1338.)

HISTORICAL AND STATUTORY NOTES

Prior Codifications
1981 Ed., § 12-301.
1973 Ed., § 12-301.
Effect of Amendments
D.C. Law 15-105, in par. (9), substituted “§ 7-1201.01(11)” for “the District of Columbia Mental Health Information Act of 1978 (D.C. Official Code, sec. 7-1201.01 et seq.)”.
L.C. Law 17-368 added par. (11).
Legislative History of Laws
Law 2-136, the “District of Columbia Mental Health Information Act of 1978,” was introduced in Council and assigned Bill No. 2-144, which was referred to the Committee on the Judiciary. The Bill was adopted on first, amended first, second amended first, and second readings on July 11, 1978, July 25, 1978, September 19, 1978, July 25, 1978, September 19, 1978 and October 3, 1978, respectively. Signed by the Mayor on November 1, 1978, it was assigned Act No. 2-292 and transmitted to both Houses of Congress for its review.
For legislative history of D.C. Law 6-202, see Historical and Statutory Notes following § 12-311.
Law 7-104, the “Technical Amendments Act of 1987,” was introduced in Council and assigned Bill No. 7-346, which was referred to the Committee of the Whole. The Bill was Adopted on first and second readings on November 24, 1987, and December 8, 1987, respectively. Signed by the Mayor on December 22, 1987, it was assigned Act No. 7-124 and transmitted to both Houses of Congress for its review.
Law 15-105, the “Technical Amendments Act of 2003”, was introduced in Council and assigned Bill No. 15-437, which was referred to the Committee of the Whole. The Bill was adopted on first and second readings on November 4, 2003, and December 2, 2003, respectively. Signed by the Mayor on January 6, 2004, it was assigned Act No. 15-291 and transmitted to both Houses of Congress for its review. D.C. Law 15-105 became effective on March 13, 2004.
Law 17-368, the “Intrafamily Offenses Act of 2008”, was introduced in Council and assigned Bill No. 17-55 which was referred to the Committee on Public Safety and Judiciary. The Bill was adopted on first and second readings on December 2, 2008, and December 16, 2008, respectively. Signed by the Mayor on January 22, 2009, it was assigned Act No. 17-703 and transmitted to both Houses of Congress for its review. D.C. Law 17-368 became effective on March 25, 2009.

Current through September 13, 2012

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