2020 Delaware Code
Title 12 - Decedents' Estates and Fiduciary Relations
Chapter 50. Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets and Digital Accounts
§ 5005 Recovery of digital assets and digital accounts from a custodian.

Universal Citation: 12 DE Code § 5005. (2020)
§ 5005. Recovery of digital assets and digital accounts from a custodian.

(a) A fiduciary with authority over digital assets or digital accounts of an account holder under this chapter shall have the same access as the account holder, and is deemed to:

(1) Have the lawful consent of the account holder; and

(2) Be an authorized agent or user under all applicable state and federal law and regulations and any end user license agreement.

(b) Upon receipt of a valid written request sent pursuant to the requirements of subsection (c) of this section, from a fiduciary seeking access to, transfer of, copy of, or destruction of a digital asset or digital account, a custodian shall provide the fiduciary the applicable access, transfer, copy, or destruction of the digital asset or digital account, unless it would be technologically impracticable to provide access to, transfer of, copy of, or destruction of the digital asset or digital account to the fiduciary or to the account holder. Unless otherwise provided by a governing instrument or a court order, a fiduciary may access:

(1) The content of an electronic communication, as the term is defined by the Electronic Communications Privacy Act, 18 U.S.C. § 2510, sent or received by the account holder only if the custodian is permitted to disclose the content under the Electronic Communications Privacy Act, 18 U.S.C. § 2702(b);

(2) The catalogue of electronic communications sent or received by the account holder; and

(3) Any other digital account or digital asset of the account holder.

(c) A valid written request under subsection (b) of this section must:

(1) If by a personal representative, be accompanied by a certified copy of the letters testamentary or letters of administration which grant authority to the personal representative to administer the estate of the deceased account holder;

(2) If by a guardian, be accompanied by a certified copy of the court order that gives the guardian authority over the property of the disabled person;

(3) If by an agent, be accompanied by a certified copy of the power of attorney that authorizes the agent to exercise authority over the affairs of the principal and which includes an authorization regarding the principal's digital assets or digital accounts and, if the power of attorney provides that the agent's power to access a digital account or digital asset is conditioned upon the account holder being incapacitated, be accompanied by a certification from a licensed physician or an order of the Court stating the account holder is incapacitated;

(4) If by a trustee, be accompanied by a certified copy of the trust instrument, or a certification of trust pursuant to § 3591 of this title, and, if the trustee's power to access a digital account or digital asset is conditioned upon the account holder being incapacitated, be accompanied by a certification from a licensed physician or an order of the Court stating the account holder is incapacitated; or

(5) If by a fiduciary not otherwise specified herein, be accompanied by a certified copy of the governing instrument that authorizes the fiduciary to exercise authority over digital assets or digital accounts, or in the case of a fiduciary whose authority is granted in a trust instrument, a certification of trust pursuant to § 3591 of this title.

(d) A custodian shall comply with a valid written request not later than 60 days after receipt of the valid written request. If the custodian fails to comply, the fiduciary may apply to the court for an order directing compliance.

(e) For purposes of this section, a “certified copy” of a trust, power of attorney, certification of trust, or governing instrument means a copy accompanied by an affidavit attesting that the copy is a true, exact, complete and unaltered photocopy of the original, and that to the best of the affiant's knowledge, said document remains in full force and effect.

79 Del. Laws, c. 416, § 1; 
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