2015 Connecticut General Statutes
Title 45a - Probate Courts and Procedure
Chapter 802b - Decedents’ Estates
Section 45a-434 - (Formerly Sec. 45-272a). Division of estate among joint devisees or legatees.
(a) When a testator orders an estate to be divided among two or more devisees or legatees without appointing any person to divide it, or if he appoints persons to divide it who refuse or are unable to do so, or when in any will any estate or interest has been given to two or more persons jointly, and the same is susceptible of a division, the executor or other fiduciary charged with the administration of the estate shall make the division, provided the court before which such will was proved may, in its discretion, during the settlement of the estate of the testator, on its own motion or on the request of anyone interested, appoint three disinterested persons to make the division. Such division shall, when accepted by the court, be binding on all persons interested.
(b) If the devisees, legatees or heirs are legally capable of acting and make a division in writing, in the manner provided for the division of an intestate estate, such division shall be valid.
(c) Whenever there has been a contest with respect to the validity, admissibility to probate or construction of a will, if all persons interested in the estate, including persons interested as contestants or fiduciaries acting on behalf of a contestant, make and file in the court an agreement as to the division of the estate, in writing, executed and acknowledged in the same manner as provided for conveyances of land in section 47-5, such agreement shall be a valid division of the estate if approved by the Court of Probate. Any such fiduciary may petition the court of probate which appointed him for permission to enter into such an agreement. The court of probate may grant such petition or may deny such petition. Such petition shall not be denied unless a hearing has been held thereon for which the court shall make such order of notice as it deems reasonable. Any such contested estate which is settled by such an agreement shall be subject to the tax imposed under chapter 216, which shall be imposed on the basis of the disposition provided for in whatever will or codicil, if any, is admitted to probate after such agreement or if no will or codicil is admitted to probate, then on the basis of the dispositions provided for under the laws of intestacy.
(1949 Rev., S. 6970; P.A. 77-417, S. 1; P.A. 80-476, S. 320; P.A. 81-472, S. 81, 159; P.A. 10-32, S. 134.)
History: P.A. 77-417 added provisions re agreements on division of estates in cases where will has been contested; P.A. 80-476 divided section into Subsecs. and rephrased provisions; P.A. 81-472 made technical changes; Sec. 45-182 transferred to Sec. 45-272a in 1981; Sec. 45-272a transferred to Sec. 45a-434 in 1991; P.A. 10-32 made technical changes in Subsec. (c), effective May 10, 2010.
Annotations to former section 45-182:
Distribution cannot be made by distributors appointed by heirs and devisees. 3 D. 260. Preceding case distinguished. 17 C. 354. Distribution can be made of a piece of land the north half of which was devised to one and the south half to another. 7 C. 21. Court of Probate has no jurisdiction to approve distribution made by parties appointed by will. 8 C. 412. No distributors necessary where estate is all in money. 16 C. 317. Distribution cannot be set aside in equity. 24 C. 246. Distributions to be liberally construed. 31 C. 588. Distributors should make a reappraisal if necessary, before distribution. 42 C. 346. Superior Court has no power to make or order distribution to be made. 46 C. 179. Court and distributors must recognize conditions and burdens attached to division by testator. 64 C. 53. Distribution as relating back to death of testator. 65 C. 510. Proceeds of sale of real estate treated as land would have been. 66 C. 410; 82 C. 308. Distributors’ duties; cannot pass on validity of claims. 68 C. 84. Cited. 69 C. 78. Power of court to determine distributees. 71 C. 128; 72 C. 322. Treatment of fire insurance money where fire occurs after testator’s death. Id., 29. Court may order partial distribution. 73 C. 56. When a person appointed in will makes only partial distribution, court may appoint distributors to complete it. 74 C. 131. No occasion for distribution if only one devisee. 77 C. 378. Distribution not source of title. 78 C. 485; 87 C. 85. Distribution to “heirs” of deceased person void. 78 C. 485; 80 C. 363; 83 C. 346; 84 C. 323. Distribution of stock in fractional parts. 81 C. 95. Any division joined in by all distributees constitutes valid distribution. 86 C. 471; 89 C. 427; 104 C. 103. Division may be executed by majority of the disinterested persons, provided all three had notice of meeting and opportunity to be present. 111 C. 591. Statute does not apply if testator appoints someone to make the division. 117 C. 374. Cited. 121 C. 112.
Annotation to former section 45-272a:
Cited. 2 CA 729.
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