2015 Connecticut General Statutes
Title 45a - Probate Courts and Procedure
Chapter 802b - Decedents’ Estates
Section 45a-341 - (Formerly Sec. 45-202). Inventory to be filed. Property included in inventory. Appraisal. Time limits. Sale of personal property. Hearing.
(a)(1) An inventory of all the property of every deceased person and insolvent debtor, except real property situated outside the state, duly appraised, shall be made and signed under penalty of false statement by the fiduciary.
(2) When any personal property of a deceased person or insolvent debtor is outside of this state the court may receive an inventory of such property, accompanied by such evidence of its value as it deems sufficient and signed under penalty of false statement by the fiduciary.
(3) The inventory and appraisal of the estate of any deceased nonresident shall include only such interest as the decedent had at the time of his or her death in the real property and tangible personal property situated in this state and intangible personal property, provided intangible personal property shall not be included if the proceeding in this state with regard to such estate is ancillary to a proceeding in another jurisdiction.
(4) The fiduciary shall appraise or cause to be appraised such inventoried property at its fair market value.
(b) (1) The fiduciary shall file the inventory in the court of probate having jurisdiction of the estate of the deceased person or insolvent debtor within two months after the acceptance of the bond or other qualification of the fiduciary.
(2) The court may, for cause shown, extend the time for the filing of such inventory to not more than four months from the qualification of the fiduciary.
(c) If the court grants administration of a decedent’s estate to a person other than (1) the person designated in the will as executor or successor to such executor, (2) the surviving spouse, (3) any child of the decedent or any guardian of such child as the court shall determine, (4) any grandchild of the decedent or any guardian of such grandchild as the court shall determine, (5) the decedent’s parents, (6) any brother or sister of the decedent, or (7) the next of kin entitled to share in the estate, the fiduciary appointed by the court shall file an inventory as required by this section prior to the sale, either under a power in the will or under the laws of this state, of any property other than real estate; except that if the fiduciary appointed is a state bank and trust company or national banking association authorized to do business in this state, such fiduciary shall not be required to file such an inventory of intangible personal property prior to sale. The fiduciary shall send a copy of such inventory to each person interested in the estate and shall notify each such person by regular mail, that a sale of certain items in the inventory is contemplated. Such notice shall inform the recipient that he or she may object to such sale by filing a notice of objection in writing with the court of probate having jurisdiction of the estate of the decedent within five days after receipt of such notice of sale. Upon receipt of such notice of objection, the court shall set a time and place for a hearing, with notice to all persons interested in the estate.
(d) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (c) of this section, upon application by the fiduciary, the court may order a sale of personal property without a hearing prior to the filing of an inventory and notice of sale, provided the court finds that an expeditious sale is necessary for the protection of the estate and a delay would cause irreparable harm to the estate.
(e) The fiduciary shall file an inventory containing a legal description of any real estate of the decedent prior to a sale pursuant to sections 45a-162 to 45a-169, inclusive, and sections 45a-427 and 45a-428.
(1949, Rev., S. 6987; 1953, S. 2932d; 1967, P.A. 558, S. 47; 1971, P.A. 863, S. 13; P.A. 77-614, S. 139, 610; P.A. 78-167, S. 3, 4, 7; P.A. 80-476, S. 256; P.A. 82-2, S. 3; P.A. 83-23; 83-520, S. 7; P.A. 95-316, S. 3; P.A. 99-84, S. 20; P.A. 01-127, S. 1.)
History: 1967 act deleted references to section numbers of 1949 revision of general statutes, required that all property shall be appraised at fair market value, replacing provisions which had required appraisal by two or more disinterested persons appointed by court and that cash and deposits be entered in inventory, added provisions requiring appraisal by one or more disinterested persons appointed by court of items whose value parties cannot agree upon, specifying that such appraisal supersedes previous appraisal and detailing procedure for filing appraisal and notifying tax commissioner who may then file objection and deleted provision whereby costs of proceedings on objections are taxed in favor of prevailing party; 1971 act deleted detailed provisions re appraisal procedure and notice requirements, deleted requirement that copy of objection be sent to executor, administrator and/or tax commissioner, dependent upon who files objection, deleted requirement that tax commissioner be sent a copy of application for administrator or probate of will and copy of will, added references to tax returns and taxability and deleted provision which stated that value of estate as set forth in the accepted inventory is basis for computing succession or inheritance tax, effective January 1, 1972, and applicable to estates of persons dying on and after that date (all estates of persons dying before that date are subject to applicable succession or inheritance tax laws previously in effect and such laws are continued in force for that purpose); P.A. 77-614 replaced tax commissioner with commissioner of revenue services, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 78-167 specified that property discovered after court ruling must be valued at more than five hundred $500 to affect ruling that estate is not subject to succession or inheritance tax; P.A. 80-476 rephrased and rearranged provisions and deleted provisions re procedure on objections, re court ruling that estate is not subject to tax and re court’s power to correct error or mistake in certificate; P.A. 82-2 added Subsecs. (c) to (f) providing procedure for sale of personal property by certain fiduciaries, requiring the filing of a legal description of real estate prior to sale and requiring the filing of a return of sale after sale of real estate or personal property of the decedent; P.A. 83-23 deleted the words “or trustee” in Subsec. (a)(1) and amended Subsec. (c) by providing that a state bank and trust company or national banking association authorized to do business in this state appointed as a fiduciary is not required to file an inventory of intangible personal property prior to sale; P.A. 83-520 amended Subsec. (a)(3) by adding proviso that intangible personal property shall not be included in inventory and appraisal of the estate of a deceased nonresident if the proceeding in this state is ancillary to a proceeding in another jurisdiction; Sec. 45-202 transferred to Sec. 45a-341 in 1991; P.A. 95-316 amended Subsec. (c) to change notice by certified mail to notice by regular mail; P.A. 99-84 amended Subsec. (a) by deleting “sworn to” and inserting “signed under penalty of false statement”; P.A. 01-127 made technical changes in Subsecs. (c) and (d) and eliminated Subsec. (f) re filing of return of sale with court.
Annotations to former section 45-202:
Inventory not to be rejected because it contains property, title to which is disputed. K. 103. Suit may be maintained on bond for fraudulent inventory. 1 D. 15. Inventory necessary on which to base order of sale. Id., 312. Duty of administrator to inventory estate fraudulently conveyed by decedent. 3 C. 294; 11 C. 287; 52 C. 439; 60 C. 480. Condition of bond broken by failure to return inventory within time stipulated. 5 C. 383. Omission to file inventory evidence that estate is sufficient to pay all legacies. 7 C. 138. Administrator not liable for failure to inventory fraudulently assigned estate when he has no knowledge of fraud. 8 C. 108. Court of Probate may correct errors in inventories and receive new ones. 9 C. 197. How assignment in trust to creditor inventoried. Id., 473. Real estate as well as personal to be inventoried. 12 C. 35. Foreign judgment need not be inventoried here. 19 C. 248. General practice not to inventory open and unsettled accounts. 21 C. 243. Omission of trustee of assigned estate to inventory assets of debtor is not conclusive that assignment is fraudulent. 26 C. 426. Full value of property withheld from inventory, correct rule of damages. 32 C. 330. Additional inventory should be made on finding more property. Id., 558. Cited. 66 C. 508. Nature and purpose of inventory. 67 C. 455; 77 C. 655. Application to nonresident decedents. 76 C. 617. Application to property of resident decedent located outside the state; right of court to require additional inventory. 77 C. 644; Id., 657. Law formerly did not require choses in action to be inventoried; effect of collecting them. 80 C. 620. Burden of proof and evidence on application for correction of inventory to include omitted property. 84 C. 659. Duty to inventory property fraudulently conveyed or where deed is not recorded. 85 C. 698. Rule of valuation. 91 C. 532. Cited. 110 C. 46. History of section. 126 C. 139. Valuation should be made as of date of death. Id., 144. The liability of a debtor could be in no way affected by the inventorying of or the failure to inventory a chose in action. 138 C. 376. Cited. 169 C. 218.
Cited. 20 CS 262.
Annotation to present section:
Cited. 239 C. 553.
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