2015 Connecticut General Statutes
Title 12 - Taxation
Chapter 228c - Gift Tax
Section 12-646a - Value of farm transferred by gift.
(a) In determining the tax due under the provisions of this chapter, the value of any farm land, as defined in section 12-107c, transferred by a donor by gift to a donee who is a lineal descendant or spouse thereof, shall be determined in accordance with the provisions of section 12-63.
(b) If, within ten years immediately following a transfer to a donee where, as provided in subsection (a) of this section, the value is determined in accordance with the provisions of section 12-63, such farm land is transferred by the donee to a party other than the donee’s lineal descendant or the spouse thereof or is no longer classified as farm land in accordance with section 12-107c, such donee or, if such land was transferred to such donee’s lineal descendant or the spouse thereof, such descendant or the spouse thereof shall be liable for the difference between the tax that was due from the donor under the provisions of subsection (a) of this section and the tax that would have been due if such land had been valued based upon its fair market value, rather than at its value as land classified as farm land pursuant to section 12-107c, at the time of such transfer by such donor. The gift tax return of the donor shall include, in such manner as required by the Commissioner of Revenue Services for purposes of this section, a declaration, prescribed as to form by the Commissioner of Revenue Services and bearing notice to the effect that false statements made in such declaration are punishable, as to the fair market value of such farm land, based on its highest and best use value, as of the time of such transfer by such donor. The tax imposed under this subsection shall be paid to the commissioner within sixty days following the date of such transfer or change in classification, and if not so paid shall bear interest at the rate of one per cent per month or fraction thereof, commencing at the expiration of such sixty days, until paid. The commissioner may, for cause shown, on written application of such donee or, if such land was transferred to the donee’s lineal descendant or the spouse thereof, such descendant or the spouse thereof, filed with said commissioner at or before the expiration of such sixty days, extend the time for payment of said tax or any part thereof.
(c) The tax imposed under subsection (b) of this section shall be a lien in favor of the state of Connecticut upon such real property so valued as farm land from the date on which the transfer described in subsection (a) of this section was made until, if there has been no transfer or change in classification resulting in the imposition of tax under subsection (b) of this section, the expiration of ten years immediately following such transfer, or in the event of a transfer or change in classification resulting in the imposition of tax under subsection (b) of this section, payment of the tax and interest, if any, imposed under subsection (b) of this section is made; provided such lien shall not be valid against any bona fide purchaser, as defined in subsection (a) of section 12-35b, or qualified encumbrancer, as defined in subsection (b) of section 12-35b.
(May Sp. Sess. P.A. 94-4, S. 44, 85; P.A. 95-27, S. 3, 4; 95-160, S. 64, 69; P.A. 00-174, S. 67, 83.)
History: May Sp. Sess. P.A. 94-4, S. 44, effective June 9, 1994; P.A. 95-27 added ten-year limit to period during which additional gift tax could be owed if farm land is sold or converted to nonfarm use, and Subsec. (c) regarding a lien in favor of the state on land valued as farm land transferred under Subsec. (a), effective May 8, 1995, and applicable to gifts made on or after July 1, 1995; P.A. 95-160 revised effective date of May Sp. Sess. P.A. 94-4 but without affecting this section; P.A. 00-174 amended Subsec. (b) to delete requirement for a sworn statement and add requirement for a declaration of certain information required to be submitted, effective July 1, 2000.
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