2012 Connecticut General Statutes
Title 36a - The Banking Law of Connecticut
Chapter 668 - Nondepository Financial Institutions
Section 36a-486 - (Formerly Sec. 36-440a). Licenses required. Exemptions. Prohibited advertisements. Violations.


CT Gen Stat § 36a-486 (2012) What's This?

(a) No person shall engage in the business of making residential mortgage loans or act as a mortgage broker in this state unless such person has first obtained the required license for its main office and each branch office where such business is conducted in accordance with the provisions of sections 36a-485 to 36a-498f, inclusive, 36a-534a and 36a-534b. Effective April 1, 2010, any such person who is an individual shall also obtain a mortgage loan originator license prior to conducting such business unless such individual does not engage directly in the activities of a mortgage loan originator. A person, other than a licensed mortgage loan originator acting on behalf of a mortgage lender or mortgage correspondent lender, shall be deemed to be engaged in the business of making residential mortgage loans if such person advertises, causes to be advertised, solicits or offers to make residential mortgage loans, either directly or indirectly. A person, other than a licensed mortgage loan originator acting on behalf of a mortgage broker, shall be deemed to be acting as a mortgage broker if such person advertises or causes to be advertised that such person will negotiate, solicit, place or find a residential mortgage loan, either directly or indirectly. A mortgage correspondent lender shall not be deemed to be acting as a mortgage lender if such mortgage correspondent lender makes a loan utilizing its own funds in a situation where another person does not honor such person’s commitment to fund the loan.

(b) (1) No person licensed as a mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender or mortgage broker shall engage the services of a mortgage loan originator or of a loan processor or underwriter required to be licensed under this section unless such mortgage loan originator or loan processor or underwriter is licensed under section 36a-489. An individual, unless specifically exempted under subdivision (2) of this subsection, shall not engage in the business of a mortgage loan originator on behalf of a licensee or a person exempt under section 36a-487 with respect to any residential mortgage loan without first obtaining and maintaining annually a license as a mortgage loan originator under section 36a-489. An individual, unless specifically exempted under subdivision (2) of this subsection, shall be deemed to be engaged in the business of a mortgage loan originator if such individual: (A) Acts as a mortgage loan originator in connection with any residential mortgage loan on behalf of a licensee or person exempt under section 36a-487; or (B) makes any representation to the public through advertising or other means of communication that such individual can or will act as a mortgage loan originator on behalf of a licensee or person exempt under section 36a-487. Each licensed mortgage loan originator and each licensed loan processor or underwriter shall register with and maintain a valid unique identifier issued by the system. No individual may act as a mortgage loan originator for more than one person at the same time. No loan processor or underwriter licensee may be sponsored by more than one person at a time. The license of a mortgage loan originator or a loan processor or underwriter is not effective during any period when such mortgage loan originator or a loan processor or underwriter is not sponsored by a licensed mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender or mortgage broker, or by a person registered as an exempt registrant under subsection (c) of section 36a-487, or during any period in which the license of the mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender or mortgage broker with whom such originator or loan processor or underwriter is associated has been suspended. Either the mortgage loan originator, the loan processor or underwriter or the sponsor may file a notification of the termination of sponsorship with the system.

(2) The following are exempt from this section: (A) A registered mortgage loan originator or an employee of an institution or subsidiary described in subdivision (23) of section 36a-485, who is not required to be registered under Section 1507 of the S.A.F.E. Mortgage Licensing Act of 2008, 12 USC Section 5101 et seq., when acting for such institution or subsidiary; (B) an individual who offers or negotiates the terms of a residential mortgage loan with or on behalf of an immediate family member of such individual; (C) an individual who offers or negotiates the terms of a residential mortgage loan secured by a dwelling that served as the individual’s residence, unless the context demonstrates that such individual engaged in such activities with a degree of habitualness or repetition; (D) a licensed attorney who negotiates the terms of a residential mortgage loan on behalf of a client as an ancillary matter to the attorney’s representation of the client, unless the attorney is compensated by a mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender, mortgage broker or other mortgage loan originator or by any agent of such mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender, mortgage broker or other mortgage loan originator; (E) an individual who takes a residential mortgage loan application or offers or negotiates terms of a residential mortgage loan as an employee of a federal, state or local government agency or housing finance agency exempt from licensure pursuant to section 36a-487, and who does so only pursuant to such individual’s official duties as an employee of such agency; (F) an individual who takes a residential mortgage loan application or offers or negotiates terms of a residential mortgage loan as an employee of an organization that has obtained bona fide nonprofit status from the commissioner and is exempt from licensure pursuant to section 36a-487, and who does so only pursuant to such individual’s official duties as an employee of such organization; and (G) an individual who offers or negotiates the terms of a residential mortgage loan secured by a dwelling that is not the individual’s residence but is owned by such individual, unless the context demonstrates that such individual engaged in such activities with a degree of habitualness or repetition.

(3) No individual shall engage in the activities of a loan processor or underwriter unless such individual obtains and maintains a license as a loan processor or underwriter under section 36a-489. The following individuals are exempt from the foregoing license requirement:

(A) An employee of a licensed mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender or mortgage broker who engages in loan processor or underwriter activities (i) in connection with residential mortgage loans either originated or made by such licensee, and (ii) at the direction of and subject to the supervision of a licensed mortgage loan originator of such licensee;

(B) An employee of a person exempt from licensure under subdivision (1) of subsection (a) of section 36a-487 who engages in loan processor or underwriter activities at the direction of and subject to the supervision of either a licensed mortgage loan originator or a registered mortgage loan originator of such exempt person; or

(C) Any individual engaged, in any capacity in loan processor or underwriter activities in connection with a residential mortgage loan originated by an individual not required to be licensed or registered as a mortgage loan originator under this part.

(4) An individual engaging solely in loan processor or underwriter activities shall not represent to the public, through advertising or other means of communicating or providing information, including the use of business cards, stationery, brochures, signs, rate lists or other promotional items, that such individual can or will perform any of the activities of a mortgage loan originator.

(c) If the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development, the Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection or a court of competent jurisdiction determines that the S.A.F.E. Mortgage Licensing Act of 2008, 12 USC Section 5101 et seq., requires an individual described in subparagraph (B) (iv) of subdivision (18) of section 36a-485 to be licensed as a mortgage loan originator under state laws implementing said S.A.F.E. Mortgage Licensing Act, such individual may continue to act in such individual’s current capacity, provided such individual files an application for a mortgage loan originator license not later than the date sixty days from the date of such determination by the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development, the Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection or a court of competent jurisdiction.

(d) Each residential mortgage loan taken, offered, negotiated, solicited, arranged, placed, found, made, processed or underwritten without a license shall constitute a separate violation for purposes of section 36a-50.

(P.A. 85-399, S. 2; P.A. 89-347, S. 10; P.A. 93-32; P.A. 94-122, S. 230, 340; P.A. 96-71, S. 1, 8; 96-109, S. 10; 96-180, S. 117, 166; P.A. 02-111, S. 3; P.A. 04-69, S. 2; P.A. 07-156, S. 5; P.A. 08-176, S. 31, 40; P.A. 09-208, S. 2; 09-209, S. 5; P.A. 11-110, S. 4; 11-216, S. 10; P.A. 12-96, S. 8.)

History: P.A. 89-347 added requirements re mortgage brokers; P.A. 93-32 made previous provision Subsec. (a) and added new Subsec. (b) imposing civil penalty for those who do not obtain the license required; P.A. 94-122 made technical changes, effective January 1, 1995; Sec. 36-440a transferred to Sec. 36a-486 in 1995; P.A. 96-71, 96-109 and 96-180 all amended Subsec. (a) to delete “loan” before “mortgage loan business in this state”, effective July 1, 1996; P.A. 02-111 amended Subsec. (a) by rewriting provisions applicable to lenders and brokers and adding provisions re first mortgage correspondent lenders, added new Subsec. (b) re registration of originators, and redesignated existing Subsec. (b) as Subsec. (c), adding “or registration” therein; P.A. 04-69 amended Subsecs. (a) and (b) to substitute “36a-498a” for “36a-498”; P.A. 07-156 amended Subsecs. (b) and (c) to replace registration requirement for originators with licensing requirement and to make conforming changes, effective September 30, 2008; P.A. 08-176 changed effective date of P.A. 07-156, S. 5, from September 30, 2008, to July 1, 2008, amended Subsec. (a) to add reference to main office and each branch office, to provide that a person, other than a mortgage loan originator, “shall be deemed to be engaged in the business of making mortgage loans if such person advertises, causes to be advertised, solicits, offers to make or makes mortgage loans, either directly or indirectly”, and to make conforming changes, amended Subsec. (b) to add mortgage correspondent lender, to change notification provision from “shall promptly notify the commissioner, in writing” to “may file” with Nationwide Mortgage Licensing System and to make conforming changes, and amended Subsec. (c) to add “arranged” and to make a conforming change, effective July 1, 2008; P.A. 09-208 amended Subsec. (b) by providing that license of mortgage loan originator is not effective during any period in which license of lender, correspondent lender or broker with whom originator is associated has been suspended, effective July 7, 2009; P.A. 09-209 amended Subsec. (a) to apply to persons engaged in business of making residential mortgage loans and by requiring certain individuals to obtain a mortgage loan originator license, adding provision re when a person is considered to be acting as a mortgage broker, making technical changes and inserting reference to other licensing provisions, amended Subsec. (b) by designating existing provisions as Subdiv. (1) and amending same by requiring individuals engaged in business of mortgage loan originator with respect to a dwelling to obtain and maintain a license, and by adding Subdiv. (2) re exemptions, Subdiv. (3) re loan processors or underwriters who are independent contractors and Subdiv. (4) re advertising, added new Subsec. (c) re determinations made by U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development or court, redesignated existing Subsec. (c) as Subsec. (d) and amended same by adding “residential” re mortgage loan, effective July 31, 2009; P.A. 11-110 amended Subsec. (c) to add references to Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection, effective July 21, 2011; P.A. 11-216 amended Subsec. (b)(1) and (b)(3) to add references to loan processors or underwriters, to prohibit the engagement in business without a license of a mortgage loan originator “on behalf of a licensee or a person exempt under section 36a-487 with respect to any residential mortgage loan”, to permit alternative sponsorship “by a person registered as an exempt registrant under subsection (c) of section 36a-487”, to prohibit a loan processor or underwriter who is employed by any person other than a licensed mortgage lender, mortgage correspondent lender or mortgage broker or any person exempt from licensure under Sec. 36a-487(a)(1) from engaging in activities of a loan processor or underwriter without a license, to eliminate requirement of maintaining valid unique identifier issued by the system, and to make conforming and technical changes; P.A. 12-96 amended Subsec. (b) to add provisions re when individual shall be deemed engaged in the business of a mortgage loan originator and re loan processor or underwriter licensee not to be sponsored by more than one person at a time in Subdiv. (1), to add provision in Subpara. (C) re context demonstrating individual is engaged in activities with a degree of habitualness or repetition and add new Subparas. (E), (F) and (G) re residential mortgage loans in Subdiv. (2), and to replace former Subdiv. (3) with new Subdiv. (3) re loan processor or underwriter activities, amended Subsec. (d) to add “taken, offered” and “processed or underwritten”, and made technical changes.

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