2011 Connecticut Code
Title 53a Penal Code
Chapter 952 Penal Code: Offenses
Sec. 53a-65. Definitions.

      Sec. 53a-65. Definitions. As used in this part, except section 53a-70b, the following terms have the following meanings:

      (1) "Actor" means a person accused of sexual assault.

      (2) "Sexual intercourse" means vaginal intercourse, anal intercourse, fellatio or cunnilingus between persons regardless of sex. Its meaning is limited to persons not married to each other. Penetration, however slight, is sufficient to complete vaginal intercourse, anal intercourse or fellatio and does not require emission of semen. Penetration may be committed by an object manipulated by the actor into the genital or anal opening of the victim's body.

      (3) "Sexual contact" means any contact with the intimate parts of a person not married to the actor for the purpose of sexual gratification of the actor or for the purpose of degrading or humiliating such person or any contact of the intimate parts of the actor with a person not married to the actor for the purpose of sexual gratification of the actor or for the purpose of degrading or humiliating such person.

      (4) "Mentally defective" means that a person suffers from a mental disease or defect which renders such person incapable of appraising the nature of such person's conduct.

      (5) "Mentally incapacitated" means that a person is rendered temporarily incapable of appraising or controlling such person's conduct owing to the influence of a drug or intoxicating substance administered to such person without such person's consent, or owing to any other act committed upon such person without such person's consent.

      (6) "Physically helpless" means that a person is unconscious or for any other reason is physically unable to communicate unwillingness to an act.

      (7) "Use of force" means: (A) Use of a dangerous instrument; or (B) use of actual physical force or violence or superior physical strength against the victim.

      (8) "Intimate parts" means the genital area or any substance emitted therefrom, groin, anus or any substance emitted therefrom, inner thighs, buttocks or breasts.

      (9) "Psychotherapist" means a physician, psychologist, nurse, substance abuse counselor, social worker, clergyman, marital and family therapist, mental health service provider, hypnotist or other person, whether or not licensed or certified by the state, who performs or purports to perform psychotherapy.

      (10) "Psychotherapy" means the professional treatment, assessment or counseling of a mental or emotional illness, symptom or condition.

      (11) "Emotionally dependent" means that the nature of the patient's or former patient's emotional condition and the nature of the treatment provided by the psychotherapist are such that the psychotherapist knows or has reason to know that the patient or former patient is unable to withhold consent to sexual contact by or sexual intercourse with the psychotherapist.

      (12) "Therapeutic deception" means a representation by a psychotherapist that sexual contact by or sexual intercourse with the psychotherapist is consistent with or part of the patient's treatment.

      (13) "School employee" means: (A) A teacher, substitute teacher, school administrator, school superintendent, guidance counselor, psychologist, social worker, nurse, physician, school paraprofessional or coach employed by a local or regional board of education or a private elementary, middle or high school or working in a public or private elementary, middle or high school; or (B) any other person who, in the performance of his or her duties, has regular contact with students and who provides services to or on behalf of students enrolled in (i) a public elementary, middle or high school, pursuant to a contract with the local or regional board of education, or (ii) a private elementary, middle or high school, pursuant to a contract with the supervisory agent of such private school.

      (1969, P.A. 828, S. 66; P.A. 75-619, S. 1; P.A. 81-27, S. 2; P.A. 85-341, S. 1; P.A. 87-259; P.A. 92-260, S. 32; P.A. 93-340, S. 1; P.A. 94-221, S. 17; P.A. 06-11, S. 1; 06-107, S. 1; 06-187, S. 45; P.A. 09-242, S. 1.)

      History: P.A. 75-619 deleted definitions of "deviate sexual intercourse", "female" and "forcible compulsion", added definitions of "actor", "use of force" and "intimate parts", redefined "sexual intercourse" in detail where previously defined as having "its ordinary meaning" and made minor changes in wording of remaining definitions; P.A. 81-27 exempted section 53a-70b from applicability of definitions in this section; P.A. 85-341 amended definition of sexual contact to include "contact of the intimate parts of the actor with a person not married to the actor for the purpose of sexual gratification of the actor"; P.A. 87-259 amended definition of sexual contact to include contact made for the purpose of degrading or humiliating the victim; P.A. 92-260 made a technical change in the definition of sexual intercourse by repositioning language; P.A. 93-340 added definitions of "psychotherapist", "psychotherapy", "emotionally dependent" and "therapeutic deception"; P.A. 94-221 added the definition of "school employee"; P.A. 06-11 redefined "intimate parts" to include any substance emitted from the genital area or anus; P.A. 06-107 and P.A. 06-187 both redefined "psychotherapist" to include a hypnotist; P.A. 09-242 redefined "school employee" in Subdiv. (13) to designate existing provisions as Subpara. (A) and amend same by replacing "elementary or secondary school" with "elementary, middle or high school", and to add Subpara. (B) re a person who has regular contact with students and provides services to or on behalf of students enrolled in a public or private elementary, middle or high school pursuant to a contract.

      Cited. 170 C. 111. Statute includes definition of sexual intercourse and provides that "penetration, however slight, is sufficient to complete vaginal intercourse, anal intercourse or fellatio ...". It specifically omits cunnilingus, therefore penetration is not an essential element of the crime where cunnilingus is charged. 186 C. 757. Cited. 187 C. 216. Cited. 191 C. 453. Cited. 192 C. 154. Cited. 198 C. 190. Cited. 210 C. 110.

      Cited. 3 CA 374. Cited. 11 CA 102; Id., 316. Cited. 33 CA 133. Cited. 35 CA 173. Smacking victim's buttocks considered to be sexual contact. 59 CA 538.

      Former section 53-216 cited. 5 Conn. Cir. Ct. 44, 45.

      Subdiv. (2):

      Court properly defined the term "cunnilingus" since statute contained no specific definitions. Penetration is not an essential element of the crime where cunnilingus is charged. 186 C. 757. Cited. 194 C. 258. Cited. 198 C. 285; Id., 617. Cited. 201 C. 211. Cited. 202 C. 509. Cited. 207 C. 646. Cited. 209 C. 733. Cited. 211 C. 18. Cited. 224 C. 397. Cited. 226 C. 618. Penetration of the labia majora constitutes vaginal penetration. 252 C. 795. Penetration element of statute applicable to first degree sexual assault by fellatio not satisfied when alleged victim is compelled to lick perpetrator's penis without necessarily also being compelled to insert penis into the mouth. 256 C. 517.

      Cited. 7 CA 489; Id., 701. Cited. 14 CA 451. Cited. 23 CA 712. Cited. 26 CA 395; Id., 625; judgment reversed, see 224 C. 656; judgment reversed, see 31 CA 452; judgment reversed, see 224 C. 656. Withdrawal of consent communicated to the other person followed by a compelling use of force to continue sexual intercourse would constitute sexual assault. 35 CA 173. Cited. 38 CA 56. Cited. 41 CA 139; Id., 287. Cited. 43 CA 785. Applies least penetration doctrine. 50 CA 715.

      Subdiv. (3):

      Cited. 191 C. 604. Cited. 199 C. 121. Cited. 205 C. 386. Cited. 224 C. 397; Id., 656; judgment reversed, see 31 CA 452.

      Cited. 1 CA 724. Cited. 8 CA 607. Cited. 15 CA 251. Cited. 20 CA 694. Cited. 25 CA 653; judgment reversed, see 223 C. 52. Cited. 26 CA 395; Id., 625; judgment reversed, see 224 C. 656; judgment reversed, see 31 CA 452; judgment reversed, see 224 C. 656. Cited. 28 CA 402. Cited. 30 CA 281. Cited. 31 CA 452.

      Subdiv. (6):

      Cited. 198 C. 53. Cited. 205 C. 386.

      Uncontradicted evidence that complainant could communicate using nonverbal methods, including screeching, biting, kicking and scratching, and lack of evidence that complainant was unable to use these forms of communication at time of alleged assault, preclude finding that complainant was "physically helpless" under section. 118 CA 43.

      Subdiv. (7):

      Subpara. (B) cited. 189 C. 611; 202 C. 509; 205 C. 386. Cited. 228 C. 552.

      Cited. 7 CA 489. Cited. 14 CA 40; Id., 451. Cited. 16 CA 75. Subpara. (B) cited. 18 CA 694. Cited. 21 CA 411. Cited. 30 CA 281.

      Subdiv. (8):

      Cited. 191 C. 604. Cited. 207 C. 456.

      Cited. 20 CA 694. Cited. 25 CA 653; judgment reversed, see 223 C. 52. Cited. 26 CA 395; Id., 625; judgment reversed, see 224 C. 656. Cited. 28 CA 402.

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