2011 Connecticut Code
Title 52 Civil Actions
Chapter 899 Evidence
Sec. 52-146f. Consent not required for disclosure, when.

      Sec. 52-146f. Consent not required for disclosure, when. Consent of the patient shall not be required for the disclosure or transmission of communications or records of the patient in the following situations as specifically limited:

      (1) Communications or records may be disclosed to other persons engaged in the diagnosis or treatment of the patient or may be transmitted to another mental health facility to which the patient is admitted for diagnosis or treatment if the psychiatrist in possession of the communications or records determines that the disclosure or transmission is needed to accomplish the objectives of diagnosis or treatment. The patient shall be informed that the communications or records will be so disclosed or transmitted. For purposes of this subsection, persons in professional training are to be considered as engaged in the diagnosis or treatment of the patients.

      (2) Communications or records may be disclosed when the psychiatrist determines that there is substantial risk of imminent physical injury by the patient to himself or others or when a psychiatrist, in the course of diagnosis or treatment of the patient, finds it necessary to disclose the communications or records for the purpose of placing the patient in a mental health facility, by certification, commitment or otherwise, provided the provisions of sections 52-146d to 52-146j, inclusive, shall continue in effect after the patient is in the facility.

      (3) Except as provided in section 17b-225, the name, address and fees for psychiatric services to a patient may be disclosed to individuals or agencies involved in the collection of fees for such services. In cases where a dispute arises over the fees or claims or where additional information is needed to substantiate the fee or claim, the disclosure of further information shall be limited to the following: (A) That the person was in fact a patient; (B) the diagnosis; (C) the dates and duration of treatment; and (D) a general description of the treatment, which shall include evidence that a treatment plan exists and has been carried out and evidence to substantiate the necessity for admission and length of stay in a health care institution or facility. If further information is required, the party seeking the information shall proceed in the same manner provided for hospital patients in section 4-105.

      (4) Communications made to or records made by a psychiatrist in the course of a psychiatric examination ordered by a court or made in connection with the application for the appointment of a conservator by the Probate Court for good cause shown may be disclosed at judicial or administrative proceedings in which the patient is a party, or in which the question of his incompetence because of mental illness is an issue, or in appropriate pretrial proceedings, provided the court finds that the patient has been informed before making the communications that any communications will not be confidential and provided the communications shall be admissible only on issues involving the patient's mental condition.

      (5) Communications or records may be disclosed in a civil proceeding in which the patient introduces his mental condition as an element of his claim or defense, or, after the patient's death, when his condition is introduced by a party claiming or defending through or as a beneficiary of the patient and the court or judge finds that it is more important to the interests of justice that the communications be disclosed than that the relationship between patient and psychiatrist be protected.

      (6) Communications or records may be disclosed to (A) the Commissioner of Public Health in connection with any inspection, investigation or examination of an institution, as defined in subsection (a) of section 19a-490, authorized under section 19a-498, or (B) the Commissioner of Mental Health and Addiction Services in connection with any inspection, investigation or examination authorized under subsection (f) of section 17a-451.

      (7) Communications or records may be disclosed to a member of the immediate family or legal representative of the victim of a homicide committed by the patient where such patient has, on or after July 1, 1989, been found not guilty of such offense by reason of mental disease or defect pursuant to section 53a-13, provided such family member or legal representative requests the disclosure of such communications or records not later than six years after such finding, and provided further, such communications shall only be available during the pendency of, and for use in, a civil action relating to such person found not guilty pursuant to section 53a-13.

      (8) If a provider of behavioral health services that contracts with the Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services requests payment, the name and address of the person, a general description of the types of services provided, and the amount requested shall be disclosed to the department, provided notification that such disclosure will be made is sent, in writing, to the person at the earliest opportunity prior to such disclosure. In cases where a dispute arises over the fees or claims, or where additional information is needed to substantiate the claim, the disclosure of further information shall be limited to additional information necessary to clarify only the following: (A) That the person in fact received the behavioral health services in question, (B) the dates of such services, and (C) a general description of the types of services. Information the department receives pursuant to this subdivision shall be disclosed only to federal or state auditors and only as necessary for the purposes of auditing.

      (1969, P.A. 819, S. 4; 1971, P.A. 81; P.A. 74-215, S. 2, 3; P.A. 82-160, S. 66; P.A. 84-26, S. 3; P.A. 92-225, S. 4, 5; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58; June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-8, S. 82, 88; P.A. 99-178, S. 1; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 99-2, S. 21.)

      History: 1971 act amended Subsec. (d) to allow disclosure of communications made or records in connection with applications for appointment of conservator by probate court and to allow disclosures in proceedings where question of incompetence because of mental illness is an issue; P.A. 74-215 amended Subsec. (c) to add exception re Sec. 17-295c and to place specific limits on disclosure of further information replacing generally stated provision which had allowed disclosure of "only such additional information as is needed to substantiate the fee or claim"; P.A. 82-160 rephrased the section, replaced alphabetic Subsec. indicators with numeric indicators and replaced numeric Subdiv. indicators with alphabetic indicators; P.A. 84-26 added Subsec. (6) re the disclosure of records pursuant to a department of health services inspection, investigation or examination of a health care institution; P.A. 92-225 added Subsec. (7) re the disclosure under limited circumstances to the immediate family or legal representative of certain homicide victims; P.A. 93-381 substituted commissioner and department of public health and addiction services for commissioner and department of health services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995; June 18 Sp. Sess. P.A. 97-8 added new Subdiv. (8) re disclosure by providers of behavioral health services, effective July 1, 1997; P.A. 99-178 added Subdiv. (6)(B) re disclosure to Commissioner of Mental Health and Addiction Services under Sec. 17a-451(f); June Sp. Sess. P.A. 99-2 amended Subdiv. (8) by replacing "not less than thirty days" with "at the earliest opportunity".

      Cited. 169 C. 223. Cited. 172 C. 22. Psychiatrist-patient privilege not waived and testimony of psychiatrist hired by state, but not as a result of court order, held inadmissible. 178 C. 626. Cited. Id. Cited. 191 C. 453. Cited. 211 C. 555. Cited. 235 C. 185. Cited. 236 C. 625. Cited. 238 C. 313. Statute reflects public policy against suit by patient's former spouse. 250 CA 86.

      Cited. 1 CA 384. Cited. 14 CA 552. Secs. 52-146d-52-146j also cited. Id. Cited. 19 CA 304. Cited. 24 CA 287. Cited. 35 CA 94; judgment reversed, see 235 C. 185. Disclosure of patient's name, address and social security number not precluded when purpose is to bring suit against patient for assault and battery. 50 CA 654.

      Subsec. (4):

      Cited. 190 C. 813. Cited. 201 C. 517.

      Subsec. (5):

      Cited. 190 C. 813. Cited. 231 C. 922. Legislature did not intend to authorize a subrogee to obtain a subrogor's confidential psychiatric records in a subrogation action wherein subrogor is not a party; judgment of appellate court in Home Ins. Co. v. Aetna Life and Casualty Co., 35 CA 94, reversed. 235 C. 185.

      Cited. 30 CA 839.

      Cited. 44 CS 468.

      Subsec. (6):

      Does not apply to investigations of individual psychiatrists. 14 CA 552.

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