2005 Connecticut Code - Sec. 19a-200. (Formerly Sec. 19-75). City, borough and town directors of health. Sanitarians. Authorized agents.

      Sec. 19a-200. (Formerly Sec. 19-75). City, borough and town directors of health. Sanitarians. Authorized agents. (a) The mayor of each city, the warden of each borough, and the chief executive officer of each town shall, unless the charter of such city, town or borough otherwise provides, nominate some person to be director of health for such city, town or borough, which nomination shall be confirmed or rejected by the board of selectmen, if there be such a board, otherwise by the legislative body of such city or town or by the burgesses of such borough within thirty days thereafter. Notwithstanding the charter provisions of any city, town or borough with respect to the qualifications of the director of health, such director of health shall either be a licensed physician or shall hold a graduate degree in public health as a result of at least one year's training, including at least sixty hours in local public health administration, in a recognized school of public health or shall have such combination of training and experience as meets the approval of the Commissioner of Public Health. In cities, towns or boroughs with a population of forty thousand or more for five consecutive years, according to the estimated population figures authorized pursuant to subsection (b) of section 8-159a, such director of health shall serve in a full-time capacity, except where a town has designated such director as the chief medical advisor for its public schools under section 10-205, and shall not engage in private practice. Such director of health shall have and exercise within the limits of the city, town or borough for which such director is appointed all powers necessary for enforcing the general statutes, provisions of the Public Health Code relating to the preservation and improvement of the public health and preventing the spread of diseases therein. In case of the absence or inability to act of a city, town or borough director of health or if a vacancy exists in the office of such director, the appointing authority of such city, town or borough may, with the approval of the Commissioner of Public Health, designate in writing a suitable person to serve as acting director of health during the period of such absence or inability or vacancy, provided the commissioner may appoint such acting director if the city, town or borough fails to do so. The person so designated, when sworn, shall have all the powers and be subject to all the duties of such director. In case of vacancy in the office of such director, if such vacancy exists for thirty days, said commissioner may appoint a director of health for such city, town or borough. Said commissioner, may, for cause, remove an officer the commissioner or any predecessor in said office has appointed, and the common council of such city, town or the burgesses of such borough may, respectively, for cause, remove a director whose nomination has been confirmed by them, provided such removal shall be approved by said commissioner; and, within two days thereafter, notice in writing of such action shall be given by the clerk of such city, town or borough, as the case may be, to said commissioner, who shall, within ten days after receipt, file with the clerk from whom the notice was received, approval or disapproval. Each such director of health shall hold office for the term of four years from the date of appointment and until a successor is nominated and confirmed in accordance with this section. Each director of health shall, annually, at the end of the fiscal year of the city, town or borough, file with the Department of Public Health a report of the doings as such director for the year preceding.

      (b) On and after July 1, 1988, each municipality shall provide for the services of a sanitarian certified under chapter 395 to work under the direction of the local director of health. Where practical, the local director of health may act as the sanitarian.

      (c) As used in this chapter, "authorized agent" means a sanitarian certified under chapter 395 and any individual certified for a specific program of environmental health by the Commissioner of Public Health in accordance with the Public Health Code.

      (1949 Rev., S. 3848; 1971, P.A. 325, S. 1; 1972, P.A. 65; 239, S. 2; P.A. 75-352; 75-573, S. 1; P.A. 77-598, S. 1; 77-614, S. 323, 610; P.A. 78-303, S. 63, 136; P.A. 84-26, S. 1; P.A. 87-521, S. 1; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-12, S. 12; P.A. 92-8, S. 2; P.A. 93-381, S. 9, 39; P.A. 95-257, S. 12, 21, 58; P.A. 99-125, S. 2.)

      History: 1971 act included directors of health for towns nominated by town chief executive officer; 1972 acts deleted general requirement that nominees be "discreet" and "learned in medical and sanitary science", requiring instead that all nominees be licensed physicians or possessors of "graduate" degree in public health "including at least sixty hours in local public health administration", required that in places with population of 40,000 or more, director must not engage in private practice, required confirmation or rejection of nominee by "legislative body" rather than by "common council" and modified requirement that health director devote full time to duties by allowing him to serve as chief medical advisor for public schools; P.A. 75-352 made qualifications for health director mandatory "notwithstanding the charter provisions of any city, town or borough" with respect to such qualifications; P.A. 75-573 specified action on nomination to be taken by board of selectmen if there is one; P.A. 77-598 clarified reference to appointment of interim director in cases where vacancy exists in the office; P.A. 77-614 replaced commissioner and department of health with commissioner and department of health services, effective January 1, 1979; P.A. 78-303 required approval of training and experience of health directors by commissioner rather than public health council and removed provision requiring consent of public health council for removal of officer; Sec. 19-75 transferred to Sec. 19a-200 in 1983; P.A. 84-26 authorized the appointing authority of a city, town or borough to appoint an acting director of health during a period of absence, inability or vacancy in the office provided the commissioner may appoint such director if the local authority fails to do so; P.A. 87-521 redefined powers of the director of health to include those necessary to enforce applicable statutes and provisions of the health code and added Subsecs. (b) and (c) re sanitarians and authorized agents; June Sp. Sess. P.A. 91-12 amended Subsec. (a) to require that department use its own estimated population figures rather than those of the latest federal census; P.A. 92-8 amended Subsec. (a) to require a full-time director of health in towns with a population of forty thousand or more for five consecutive years; P.A. 93-381 replaced department and commissioner of health services with department and commissioner of public health and addiction services, effective July 1, 1993; P.A. 95-257 replaced Commissioner and Department of Public Health and Addiction Services with Commissioner and Department of Public Health, effective July 1, 1995; P.A. 99-125 amended Subsec. (a) by requiring directors in cities, towns or boroughs with a population of forty thousand or more to "serve in a full-time capacity" rather than "devote his entire time to the duties of his office" and making technical changes.

      Annotations to former section 19-75:

      Borough health officer can make lawful quarantine order. 86 C. 680. Requires appointment of single official by method pointed out. 74 C. 695. Origin and effect of exception as to special charters. 86 C. 61. A term fixed by statute cannot be changed by the appointing power. 121 C. 300. History of statute. Id. When commencement of term fixed by the appointment first made, each term commences at end of preceding term. Id.

      Distinction between de jure and de facto vacancy; respective power of mayor and county health office to appoint city health officer discussed. 3 CS 154.

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