2022 Colorado Code
Title 5 - Consumer Credit Code
Article 1 - General Provisions and Definitions
Part 2 - Scope and Jurisdiction
§ 5-1-201. Territorial Application - Definitions
- Except as otherwise provided in this section, this code applies to consumer credit transactions made in this state and to modifications, including refinancing, consolidations, and deferrals, made in this state, of consumer credit transactions, wherever made. For purposes of this code, a consumer credit transaction is made in this state if:
- A written agreement evidencing the obligation or offer of the consumer is received by the creditor in this state; or
- A consumer who is a resident of this state enters into the transaction with a creditor who has solicited or advertised in this state by any means, including but not limited to mail, brochure, telephone, print, radio, television, internet, or any other electronic means.
- Notwithstanding paragraph (b) of subsection (1) of this section, unless made subject to this code by agreement of the parties, a consumer credit transaction is not made in this state if a resident of this state enters into the transaction while physically present in another state.
- Part 1 of article 5 of this title and sections 5-3-104 and 5-3-105 apply to actions or other proceedings brought in this state to enforce rights arising out of a consumer credit transaction, or modification thereof, wherever made.
- If a consumer credit transaction, or modification thereof, is made in another state with a person who is a resident of this state when the consumer credit transaction or modification is made, the following provisions apply as though the transaction occurred in this state:
- A creditor, or assignee of the creditor's rights, may not collect charges through actions or other proceedings in excess of those permitted by this code; and
- A creditor, or assignee of the creditor's rights, may not enforce rights against the consumer that violate the provisions of this code on limitations on agreements and practices.
- Except as provided in subsection (3) of this section, a consumer credit transaction, or modification thereof, made in another state with a person who was not a resident of this state when the consumer credit transaction or modification was made is valid and enforceable in this state according to its terms to the extent that it is valid and enforceable under the laws of the state applicable to the transaction.
- For the purposes of this code, the "residence" of a consumer is the address given by the consumer as the consumer's residence in any writing provided by the consumer in connection with a credit transaction. Until the consumer notifies the creditor of a new or different address, the given address is presumed to be unchanged.
- Notwithstanding other provisions of this section:
- Except as provided in subsection (3) of this section, this code does not apply if the consumer is not a resident of this state at the time of a credit transaction and the parties then agree that the law of the consumer's residence applies; and
- This code applies if the consumer is a resident of this state at the time of a credit transaction and the parties then agree that the law of this state applies.
- Except as provided in subsection (7) of this section, an agreement by a consumer is invalid with respect to consumer credit transactions, or modifications thereof, to which this code applies when such agreement provides that:
- The law of another state shall apply;
- The consumer consents to the jurisdiction of another state; or
- Venue is fixed.
- The following provisions of this code specify the applicable law governing certain cases:
- Section 5-6-102 on the powers and functions of the administrator; and
- Section 5-6-201 on notification and fees.
- For the purpose of subsection (1) of this section, "receive" means obtained as a result of physical delivery, transmission, or communication to one who has actual or apparent authority to act for the creditor in this state whether or not approval, acceptance, or ratification by any other agent or representative of such creditor in some other state is necessary to give legal consequence to the consumer credit transaction.
- Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, this code applies to any consumer insurance premium loan made to a resident of this state.
Source: L. 2000: Entire article R&RE, p. 1180, § 1, effective July 1.
Editor's note: This section is similar to former § 5-1-201, as it existed prior to 2000.
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