2019 Colorado Revised Statutes
Title 42 - Vehicles and Traffic


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Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 TITLE 42 VEHICLES AND TRAFFIC Editor's note: This title was numbered as numerous articles within chapter 13, C.R.S. 1963. The provisions of this title were amended with relocations in 1994, effective January 1, 1995, resulting in the addition, relocation, and elimination of sections as well as subject matter. For amendments to this title prior to 1994, consult the Colorado statutory research explanatory note and the table itemizing the replacement volumes and supplements to the original volume of C.R.S. 1973 beginning on page vii in the front of this volume. Former C.R.S. section numbers are shown in editor's notes following those sections that were relocated. For a detailed comparison of this title, see the comparative tables located in the back of the index. Cross references: For the provisions providing for the manufacture of license plates and highway signs by state correctional facilities, see article 24 of title 17; for registration and use of snowmobiles, see article 14 of title 33; for the regulation of commercial driving schools, see article 2 of this title; for provisions relating to highway safety, see article 5 of title 43; for licensing and regulation of automobile dealers, see part 1 of article 20 of title 44; for the antimonopoly financing law, see part 2 of article 20 of title 44; for the Sunday closing law, see part 3 of article 20 of title 44. GENERAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE ARTICLE 1 General and Administrative PART 1 DEFINITIONS AND CITATION 42-1-101. Short title. Articles 1 to 4 of this title shall be known and may be cited as the "Uniform Motor Vehicle Law". Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2094, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. 42-1-102. Definitions. As used in articles 1 to 4 of this title 42, unless the context otherwise requires: Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 1 of 764 Uncertified Printout (1) "Acceleration lane" means a speed-change lane, including tapered areas, for the purpose of enabling a vehicle entering a roadway to increase its speed to a rate at which it can more safely merge with through traffic. (2) "Administrator" means the property tax administrator. (3) "Alley" means a street or highway intended to provide access to the rear or side of lots or buildings in urban areas and not intended for the purpose of through vehicular traffic. (4) "Apportioned registration" means registration of a vehicle pursuant to a reciprocal agreement under which the fees paid for registration of such vehicle are ultimately divided among the several jurisdictions in which the vehicle travels, based upon the number of miles traveled by the vehicle in each jurisdiction or upon some other agreed criterion. (4.5) "Appurtenance" means a piece of equipment that is affixed or attached to a motor vehicle or trailer and is used for a specific purpose or task, including awnings, support hardware, and extractable equipment. "Appurtenance" does not include any item or equipment that is temporarily affixed or attached to the exterior of a motor vehicle for the purpose of transporting such vehicle. (5) "Authorized agent" means the county clerk and recorder in each county in the state of Colorado, the clerk and recorder in the city and county of Broomfield, and the manager of revenue or such other official of the city and county of Denver as may be appointed by the mayor to perform functions related to the registration of, titling of, or filing of liens on motor vehicles, wheeled trailers, semitrailers, trailer coaches, special mobile machinery, off-highway vehicles, and manufactured homes. (6) "Authorized emergency vehicle" means such vehicles of the fire department, police vehicles, ambulances, and other special-purpose vehicles as are publicly owned and operated by or for a governmental agency to protect and preserve life and property in accordance with state laws regulating emergency vehicles; said term also means the following if equipped and operated as emergency vehicles in the manner prescribed by state law: (a) Privately owned vehicles as are designated by the state motor vehicle licensing agency necessary to the preservation of life and property; or (b) Privately owned tow trucks approved by the public utilities commission to respond to vehicle emergencies. (7) "Authorized service vehicle" means such highway or traffic maintenance vehicles as are publicly owned and operated on a highway by or for a governmental agency the function of which requires the use of service vehicle warning lights as prescribed by state law and such other vehicles having a public service function, including, but not limited to, public utility vehicles and tow trucks, as determined by the department of transportation under section 42-4-214 (5). Some vehicles may be designated as both an authorized emergency vehicle and an authorized service vehicle. (7.5) "Autocycle" means a three-wheeled motorcycle that does not use handlebars or any other device that is directly connected to a single front wheel to steer and in which the driver and each passenger ride in a fully or partly enclosed seating area that is equipped with safety belts for all occupants that constitute a safety belt system, as defined in section 42-4-237 (1)(b). For purposes of this subsection (7.5), "partly enclosed seating area" means a seating area that is entirely or partly surrounded on the sides by the frame or body of a vehicle but is not fully enclosed. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 2 of 764 Uncertified Printout (7.7) "Automated driving system" means hardware and software that are collectively capable, without any intervention or supervision by a human operator, of performing all aspects of the dynamic driving task for a vehicle on a part-time or full-time basis, described as levels 4 and 5 automation in SAE International's standard J3016, as it existed in September 2016. (8) "Automobile" means any motor vehicle. (8.5) "BAC" means either: (a) A person's blood alcohol content, expressed in grams of alcohol per one hundred milliliters of blood as shown by analysis of the person's blood; or (b) A person's breath alcohol content, expressed in grams of alcohol per two hundred ten liters of breath as shown by analysis of the person's breath. (9) "Base jurisdiction" means the state, province, or other jurisdiction which receives, apportions, and remits to other jurisdictions moneys paid for registration of a vehicle pursuant to a reciprocal agreement governing registration of vehicles. (10) "Bicycle" means a vehicle propelled by human power applied to pedals upon which a person may ride having two tandem wheels or two parallel wheels and one forward wheel, all of which are more than fourteen inches in diameter. (10.5) "Bulk electronic transfer" means the mass electronic transfer of files, updated files, or portions thereof, in the same form as those files exist within the department. (11) "Business district" means the territory contiguous to and including a highway when within any six hundred feet along such highway there are buildings in use for business or industrial purposes, including but not limited to motels, banks, office buildings, railroad stations, and public buildings which occupy at least three hundred feet of frontage on one side or three hundred feet collectively on both sides of the highway. (12) "Calendar year" means the twelve calendar months beginning January 1 and ending December 31 of any year. (13) "Camper coach" means an item of mounted equipment, weighing more than five hundred pounds, which when temporarily or permanently mounted on a motor vehicle adapts such vehicle for use as temporary living or sleeping accommodations. (14) "Camper trailer" means a wheeled vehicle having an overall length of less than twenty-six feet, without motive power, which is designed to be drawn by a motor vehicle over the public highways and which is generally and commonly used for temporary living or sleeping accommodations. (15) "Chauffeur" means every person who is employed for the principal purpose of operating a motor vehicle and every person who drives a motor vehicle while in use as a public or common carrier of persons or property. (16) "Classified personal property" means any personal property which has been classified for the purpose of imposing thereon a graduated annual specific ownership tax. (16.5) "Colorado DRIVES" is an acronym that stands for "Colorado driver's license, record, identification, and vehicle enterprise solution" and means the driver and vehicle services information technology system that the department uses to provide driver, identification, and vehicle title and registration services to Colorado residents. (17) "Commercial carrier" means any owner of a motor vehicle, truck, laden or unladen truck tractor, trailer, or semitrailer used in the business of transporting persons or property over the public highways for profit, hire, or otherwise in any business or commercial enterprise. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 3 of 764 Uncertified Printout (17.5) "Commercial vehicle" means a vehicle used to transport cargo or passengers for profit, hire, or otherwise to further the purposes of a business or commercial enterprise. This subsection (17.5) shall not apply for purposes of sections 42-4-235 and 42-4-707 (1). (18) "Controlled-access highway" means every highway, street, or roadway in respect to which owners or occupants of abutting lands and other persons have no legal right of access to or from the same except at such points only and in such manner as may be determined by the public authority having jurisdiction over such highway, street, or roadway. (19) "Convicted" or "conviction" means: (a) A plea of guilty or nolo contendere; (b) A verdict of guilty; (c) An adjudication of delinquency under title 19, C.R.S.; (d) The payment of a penalty assessment under section 42-4-1701 if the summons states clearly the points to be assessed for the offense; and (e) As to a holder of a commercial driver's license as defined in section 42-2-402 or the operator of a commercial motor vehicle as defined in section 42-2-402: (I) An unvacated adjudication of guilt or a determination by an authorized administrative hearing that a person has violated or failed to comply with the law; (II) An unvacated forfeiture of bail or collateral deposited to secure the person's appearance in court; (III) The payment of a fine or court cost or violation of a condition of release without bail, regardless of whether or not the penalty is rebated, suspended, or probated; or (IV) A deferred sentence. (20) "Court" means any municipal court, county court, district court, or any court having jurisdiction over offenses against traffic regulations and laws. (21) "Crosswalk" means that portion of a roadway ordinarily included within the prolongation or connection of the lateral lines of sidewalks at intersections or any portion of a roadway distinctly indicated for pedestrian crossing by lines or other marking on the surface. (22) "Dealer" means every person engaged in the business of buying, selling, or exchanging vehicles of a type required to be registered under articles 1 to 4 of this title and who has an established place of business for such purpose in this state. (23) "Deceleration lane" means a speed-change lane, including tapered areas, for the purpose of enabling a vehicle that is to make an exit to turn from a roadway to slow to the safe speed on the ramp ahead after it has left the mainstream of faster-moving traffic. (23.5) "Declared gross vehicle weight" means the combined weight of the vehicle or combination vehicle and its cargo when operated on the public highways of this state. Such weight shall be declared by the vehicle owner at the time the vehicle is registered. Accurate records shall be kept of all miles operated by each vehicle over the public highways of this state by the owner of each vehicle. (24) "Department" means the department of revenue acting directly or through a duly authorized officer, agent, or third-party provider. (24.5) "Distinctive special license plate" means a special license plate that is issued to a person because such person has an immutable characteristic or special achievement honor. Such special achievement honor shall not include a common achievement such as graduating from an institution of higher education. Such special achievement shall include honorable service in the armed forces of the United States. "Distinctive special license plate" shall include a license plate Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 4 of 764 Uncertified Printout that is issued to a person or the person's family to honor such person's service in the armed forces. (25) "Divided highway" means a highway with separated roadways usually for traffic moving in opposite directions, such separation being indicated by depressed dividing strips, raised curbings, traffic islands, or other physical barriers so constructed as to impede vehicular traffic or otherwise indicated by standard pavement markings or other official traffic control devices as prescribed in the state traffic control manual. (26) "Drive-away transporter" or "tow-away transporter" means every person engaged in the transporting of vehicles which are sold or to be sold and not owned by such transporter, by the drive-away or tow-away methods, where such vehicles are driven, towed, or transported singly, or by saddlemount, towbar, or fullmount methods, or by any lawful combination thereof. (27) "Driver" means every person, including a minor driver under the age of twenty-one years, who drives or is in actual physical control of a vehicle. (27.3) "DUI" means driving under the influence, as defined in section 42-4-1301 (1)(f), and use of the term shall incorporate by reference the offense described in section 42-4-1301 (1)(a). (27.5) "DUI per se" means driving with a BAC of 0.08 or more, and use of the term shall incorporate by reference the offense described in section 42-4-1301 (2)(a). (27.7) "DWAI" means driving while ability impaired, as defined in section 42-4-1301 (1)(g), and use of the term shall incorporate by reference the offense described in section 42-41301 (1)(b). (27.8) (a) "Dynamic driving task" means all of the following aspects of driving: (I) Operational aspects, including steering, braking, accelerating, and monitoring the vehicle and the roadway; and (II) Tactical aspects, including responding to events, determining when to change lanes, turning, using signals, and other related actions. (b) "Dynamic driving task" does not include strategic aspects, including determining destinations or way points, of driving. (28) "Effective date of registration period certificate" means the month in which a fleet owner must register all fleet vehicles. (28.5) "Electrical assisted bicycle" means a vehicle having two or three wheels, fully operable pedals, and an electric motor not exceeding seven hundred fifty watts of power. Electrical assisted bicycles are further required to conform to one of three classes as follows: (a) "Class 1 electrical assisted bicycle" means an electrical assisted bicycle equipped with a motor that provides assistance only when the rider is pedaling and that ceases to provide assistance when the bicycle reaches a speed of twenty miles per hour. (b) "Class 2 electrical assisted bicycle" means an electrical assisted bicycle equipped with a motor that provides assistance regardless of whether the rider is pedaling but ceases to provide assistance when the bicycle reaches a speed of twenty miles per hour. (c) "Class 3 electrical assisted bicycle" means an electrical assisted bicycle equipped with a motor that provides assistance only when the rider is pedaling and that ceases to provide assistance when the bicycle reaches a speed of twenty-eight miles per hour. (28.7) "Electric personal assistive mobility device" or "EPAMD" means a selfbalancing, nontandem two-wheeled device, designed to transport only one person, that is Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 5 of 764 Uncertified Printout powered solely by an electric propulsion system producing an average power output of no more than seven hundred fifty watts. (28.8) (a) "Electric scooter" means a device: (I) Weighing less than one hundred pounds; (II) With handlebars and an electric motor; (III) That is powered by an electric motor; and (IV) That has a maximum speed of twenty miles per hour on a paved level surface when powered solely by the electric motor. (b) "Electric scooter" does not include an electrical assisted bicycle, EPAMD, motorcycle, or low-power scooter. (29) "Empty weight" means the weight of any motor vehicle or trailer or any combination thereof, including the operating body and accessories, as determined by weighing on a scale approved by the department. (30) "Essential parts" means all integral parts and body parts, the removal, alteration, or substitution of which will tend to conceal the identity or substantially alter the appearance of the vehicle. (31) "Established place of business" means the place actually occupied either continuously or at regular periods by a dealer or manufacturer where such dealer's or manufacturer's books and records are kept and a large share of his or her business transacted. (31.5) "Exceptions processing" means the procedures the department uses to assist persons who are unable for reasons beyond their control to present all the necessary documents required by the department and must rely on alternative documents to establish identity, date of birth, or United States citizenship in lieu of lawful presence in the United States. (32) "Explosives and hazardous materials" means any substance so defined by the code of federal regulations, title 49, chapter 1, parts 173.50 through 173.389. (33) "Farm tractor" means every implement of husbandry designed and used primarily as a farm implement for drawing plows and mowing machines and other implements of husbandry. (34) "Flammable liquid" means any liquid which has a flash point of seventy degrees Fahrenheit or less, as determined by a Tagliabue or equivalent closed-cup test device. (35) "Fleet operator" means any resident who owns or leases ten or more motor vehicles, trailers, or pole trailers and who receives from the department a registration period certificate in accordance with article 3 of this title. (36) "Fleet vehicle" means any motor vehicle, trailer, or pole trailer owned or leased by a fleet operator and registered pursuant to section 42-3-125. (37) "Foreign vehicle" means every motor vehicle, trailer, or semitrailer which is brought into this state otherwise than in the ordinary course of business by or through a manufacturer or dealer and which has not been registered in this state. (38) "Fullmount" means a vehicle which is mounted completely on the frame of the first vehicle or last vehicle in a saddlemount combination. (39) "Garage" means any public building or place of business for the storage or repair of automobiles. (39.5) "Golf car" means a self-propelled vehicle not designed primarily for operation on roadways and that has: (a) A design speed of less than twenty miles per hour; (b) At least three wheels in contact with the ground; Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 6 of 764 Uncertified Printout (c) An empty weight of not more than one thousand three hundred pounds; and (d) A carrying capacity of not more than four persons. (40) "Graduated annual specific ownership tax" means an annual tax imposed in lieu of an ad valorem tax upon the personal property required to be classified by the general assembly pursuant to the provisions of section 6 of article X of the state constitution. (41) "Gross dollar volume" means the total contracted cost of work performed or put in place in a given county by the owner or operator of special mobile machinery. (41.5) "Group special license plate" means a special license plate that is not a distinctive plate and is issued to a group of people because such people have a common interest or affinity. (41.7) Repealed. (42) "High occupancy vehicle lane" means a lane designated pursuant to the provisions of section 42-4-1012 (1). (43) "Highway" means the entire width between the boundary lines of every way publicly maintained when any part thereof is open to the use of the public for purposes of vehicular travel or the entire width of every way declared to be a public highway by any law of this state. (43.3) "Human operator" means a natural person in the vehicle with immediate access to controls for steering, braking, and acceleration. (43.5) "Immediate family" means a person who is related by blood, marriage, or adoption. (44) (a) On and after July 1, 2000, "implement of husbandry" means every vehicle that is designed, adapted, or used for agricultural purposes. It also includes equipment used solely for the application of liquid, gaseous, and dry fertilizers. Transportation of fertilizer, in or on the equipment used for its application, shall be deemed a part of application if it is incidental to such application. It also includes hay balers, hay stacking equipment, combines, tillage and harvesting equipment, agricultural commodity handling equipment, and other heavy movable farm equipment primarily used on farms or in a livestock production facility and not on the highways. Trailers specially designed to move such equipment on highways shall, for the purposes of part 5 of article 4 of this title, be considered as component parts of such implements of husbandry. (b) Effective July 1, 2013, for purposes of this section, "implements of husbandry" includes personal property valued by the county assessor as silvicultural. (45) "Intersection" means the area embraced within the prolongation of the lateral curb lines or, if none, then the lateral boundary lines of the roadways of two highways which join one another at, or approximately at, right angles, or the area within which vehicles traveling upon different highways joining at any other angle may come in conflict. Where a highway includes two roadways thirty feet or more apart, every crossing of each roadway of such divided highway by an intersecting highway shall be regarded as a separate intersection. In the event such intersecting highway also includes two roadways thirty feet or more apart, every crossing of two roadways of such highways shall be regarded as a separate intersection. The junction of an alley with a street or highway does not constitute an intersection. (45.5) "Kit vehicle" means a passenger-type motor vehicle assembled, by other than a licensed manufacturer, from a manufactured kit that includes a prefabricated body and chassis and is accompanied by a manufacturer's statement of origin. (46) "Lane" means the portion of a roadway for the movement of a single line of vehicles. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 7 of 764 Uncertified Printout (47) "Laned highway" means a highway the roadway of which is divided into two or more clearly marked lanes for vehicular traffic. (47.3) "Last-known address" means: (a) For notifications regarding motor vehicles, the most recent mailing address provided on a vehicle registration or vehicle registration mailing address change notification provided in accordance with section 42-3-113 or the corrected address as reported by an address correction service licensed by the United States postal service; (b) For notifications regarding driving privileges, driver's licenses, or identification cards when there is a driver's license or identification card on file with the department, the most recent of either: (I) The mailing address provided by an applicant for a driver's license or identification card; (II) The mailing address stated on an address change notification provided to the department pursuant to subsection (47.3)(a) of this section; or (III) The corrected address as reported by an address correction service licensed by the United States postal service; (c) For notifications regarding driving privileges or identification cards when there is no driver's license or identification card on file with the department, the most recent address shown on any other record on file with the department pursuant to this article 1 and as may be corrected by an address correction service licensed by the United States postal service. (47.5) "Lien" means a security interest in a motor or off-highway vehicle under article 9 of title 4, C.R.S., and this article. (48) "Local authorities" means every county, municipal, and other local board or body having authority to adopt local police regulations under the constitution and laws of this state. (48.5) (a) "Low-power scooter" means a self-propelled vehicle designed primarily for use on the roadways with not more than three wheels in contact with the ground, no manual clutch, and either of the following: (I) A cylinder capacity not exceeding fifty cubic centimeters if powered by internal combustion; or (II) A wattage not exceeding four thousand four hundred seventy-six if powered by electricity. (b) "Low-power scooter" does not include a toy vehicle, bicycle, electrical assisted bicycle, electric scooter, wheelchair, or any device designed to assist people with mobility impairments who use pedestrian rights-of-way. (48.6) "Low-speed electric vehicle" means a vehicle that: (a) Is self-propelled utilizing electricity as its primary propulsion method; (b) Has at least three wheels in contact with the ground; (c) Does not use handlebars to steer; and (d) Exhibits the manufacturer's compliance with 49 CFR 565 or displays a seventeencharacter vehicle identification number as provided in 49 CFR 565. (49) "Manufacturer" means any person, firm, association, corporation, or trust, whether resident or nonresident, who manufactures or assembles new and unused motor vehicles of a type required to be registered under articles 1 to 4 of this title. (50) "Manufacturer's suggested retail price" means the retail price of such motor vehicle suggested by the manufacturer plus the retail price suggested by the manufacturer for each Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 8 of 764 Uncertified Printout accessory or item of optional equipment physically attached to such vehicle prior to the sale to the retail purchaser. (51) "Markings" means all lines, patterns, words, colors, or other devices, except signs, set into the surface of, applied upon, or attached to the pavement or curbing or to objects within or adjacent to the roadway, conforming to the state traffic control manual and officially placed for the purpose of regulating, warning, or guiding traffic. (52) "Metal tires" means all tires the surface of which in contact with the highway is wholly or partly of metal or other hard, nonresilient material. (52.5) "Military vehicle" means a vehicle of any size or weight that is valued for historical purposes, that was manufactured for use by any nation's armed forces, and that is maintained in a condition that represents its military design and markings. (53) "Minor driver's license" means the license issued to a person who is at least sixteen years of age but who has not yet attained the age of twenty-one years. (54) (Deleted by amendment, L. 2010, (HB 10-1172), ch. 320, p. 1486, § 1, effective October 1, 2010.) (55) "Motorcycle" means an autocycle or a motor vehicle that uses handlebars or any other device connected to the front wheel to steer and that is designed to travel on not more than three wheels in contact with the ground; except that the term does not include a farm tractor, low-speed electric vehicle, or low-power scooter. (56) (Deleted by amendment, L. 2009, (HB 09-1026), ch. 281, p. 1260, § 22, effective October 1, 2009.) (57) "Motor home" means a vehicle designed to provide temporary living quarters and which is built into, as an integral part of or a permanent attachment to, a motor vehicle chassis or van. (58) "Motor vehicle" means any self-propelled vehicle that is designed primarily for travel on the public highways and that is generally and commonly used to transport persons and property over the public highways or a low-speed electric vehicle; except that the term does not include electrical assisted bicycles, electric scooters, low-power scooters, wheelchairs, or vehicles moved solely by human power. For the purposes of the offenses described in sections 42-2-128, 42-4-1301, 42-4-1301.1, and 42-4-1401 for farm tractors and off-highway vehicles, as defined in section 33-14.5-101 (3), operated on streets and highways, "motor vehicle" includes a farm tractor or an off-highway vehicle that is not otherwise classified as a motor vehicle. For the purposes of sections 42-2-127, 42-2-127.7, 42-2-128, 42-2-138, 42-2-206, 42-4-1301, and 42-41301.1, "motor vehicle" includes a low-power scooter. (59) (Deleted by amendment, L. 2009, (HB 09-1026), ch. 281, p. 1260, § 22, effective October 1, 2009.) (60) "Mounted equipment" means any item weighing more than five hundred pounds that is permanently mounted on a vehicle, including mounting by means such as welding or bolting the equipment to a vehicle. (60.3) "Multipurpose trailer" means a wheeled vehicle, without motive power, that is designed to be drawn by a motor vehicle over the public highways. A "multipurpose trailer" is generally and commonly used for temporary living or sleeping accommodation and transporting property wholly upon its own structure and is registered as a vehicle. (60.5) (Deleted by amendment, L. 2009, (SB 09-075), ch. 418, p. 2320, § 4, effective August 5, 2009.) Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 9 of 764 Uncertified Printout (61) "Noncommercial or recreational vehicle" means a truck, or unladen truck tractor, operated singly or in combination with a trailer or utility trailer or a motor home, which truck, or unladen truck tractor, or motor home is used exclusively for personal pleasure, enjoyment, other recreational purposes, or personal or family transportation of the owner, lessee, or occupant and is not used to transport cargo or passengers for profit, hire, or otherwise to further the purposes of a business or commercial enterprise. (62) "Nonresident" means every person who is not a resident of this state. (63) "Off-highway vehicle" shall have the same meaning as set forth in section 33-14.5101 (3), C.R.S. (64) "Official traffic control devices" means all signs, signals, markings, and devices, not inconsistent with this title, placed or displayed by authority of a public body or official having jurisdiction, for the purpose of regulating, warning, or guiding traffic. (65) "Official traffic control signal" means any device, whether manually, electrically, or mechanically operated, by which traffic is alternately directed to stop and to proceed. (66) "Owner" means a person who holds the legal title of a vehicle; or, if a vehicle is the subject of an agreement for the conditional sale or lease thereof with the right of purchase upon performance of the conditions stated in the agreement and with an immediate right of possession vested in the conditional vendee or lessee or if a mortgagor of a vehicle is entitled to possession, then such conditional vendee or lessee or mortgagor shall be deemed the owner for the purpose of articles 1 to 4 of this title. The term also includes parties otherwise having lawful use or control or the right to use or control a vehicle for a period of thirty days or more. (67) "Park" or "parking" means the standing of a vehicle, whether occupied or not, other than very briefly for the purpose of and while actually engaged in loading or unloading property or passengers. (68) "Pedestrian" means any person afoot or any person using a wheelchair. (68.5) (a) "Persistent drunk driver" means any person who: (I) Has been convicted of or had his or her driver's license revoked for two or more alcohol-related driving violations; (II) Continues to drive after a driver's license or driving privilege restraint has been imposed for one or more alcohol-related driving offenses; (III) Drives a motor vehicle while the amount of alcohol in such person's blood, as shown by analysis of the person's blood or breath, was 0.15 or more grams of alcohol per one hundred milliliters of blood or 0.15 or more grams of alcohol per two hundred ten liters of breath at the time of driving or within two hours after driving; or (IV) Refuses to take or complete, or to cooperate in the completing of, a test of his or her blood, breath, saliva, or urine as required by section 18-3-106 (4) or 18-3-205 (4), C.R.S., or section 42-4-1301.1 (2). (b) Nothing in this subsection (68.5) shall be interpreted to affect the penalties imposed under this title for multiple alcohol- or drug-related driving offenses, including, but not limited to, penalties imposed for violations under sections 42-2-125 (1)(g) and (1)(i) and 42-2-202 (2). (69) "Person" means a natural person, estate, trust, firm, copartnership, association, corporation, or business entity. (69.5) "Plug-in electric motor vehicle" means: Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 10 of 764 Uncertified Printout (a) A motor vehicle that has received an acknowledgment of certification from the federal internal revenue service that the vehicle qualifies for the plug-in electric drive vehicle credit set forth in 26 U.S.C. sec. 30D, as amended, or any successor statute; or (b) Any motor vehicle that can be recharged from an external source of electricity and that uses electricity stored in a rechargeable battery pack to propel or contribute to the propulsion of the vehicle's drive wheels. (70) "Pneumatic tires" means all tires inflated with compressed air. (71) "Pole", "pipe trailer", or "dolly" means every vehicle of the trailer type having one or more axles not more than forty-eight inches apart and two or more wheels used in connection with a motor vehicle solely for the purpose of transporting poles or pipes and connected with the towing vehicle both by chain, rope, or cable and by the load without any part of the weight of said dolly resting upon the towing vehicle. All the registration provisions of articles 1 to 4 of this title shall apply to every pole, pipe trailer, or dolly. (72) "Police officer" means every officer authorized to direct or regulate traffic or to make arrests for violations of traffic regulations. (72.2) "Power takeoff equipment" means equipment that is attached to a motor vehicle and is powered by the motor that powers the locomotion of the motor vehicle. (72.5) "Primary user" means an organization that collects bulk data for the purpose of inhouse business use. (72.7) "Principal office" means the office in this state designated by a fleet owner as its principal place of business. (73) "Private road" or "driveway" means every road or driveway not open to the use of the public for purposes of vehicular travel. (74) Repealed. (75) "Railroad sign or signal" means any sign, signal, or device erected by authority of a public body or official or by a railroad and intended to give notice of the presence of railroad tracks or the approach of a railroad train. (76) "Reciprocal agreement" or "reciprocity" means an agreement among two or more states, provinces, or other jurisdictions for coordinated, shared, or mutual enforcement or administration of laws relating to the registration, operation, or taxation of vehicles and other personal property in interstate commerce. The term includes without limitation the "international registration plan" and any successor agreement providing for the apportionment, among participating jurisdictions, of vehicle registration fees or taxes. (77) "Reconstructed vehicle" means any vehicle which has been assembled or constructed largely by means of essential parts, new or used, derived from other vehicles or makes of vehicles of various names, models, and types or which, if originally otherwise constructed, has been materially altered by the removal of essential parts or by the addition or substitution of essential parts, new or used, derived from other vehicles or makes of vehicles. (78) "Registration period" or "registration year" means any consecutive twelve-month period. (79) "Registration period certificate" means the document issued by the department to a fleet owner, upon application of a fleet owner, which states the month in which registration is required for all motor vehicles owned by the fleet owner. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 11 of 764 Uncertified Printout (80) "Residence district" means the territory contiguous to and including a highway not comprising a business district when the frontage on such highway for a distance of three hundred feet or more is mainly occupied by dwellings or by dwellings and buildings in use for business. (81) "Resident" means any person who owns or operates any business in this state or any person who has resided within this state continuously for a period of ninety days or has obtained gainful employment within this state, whichever shall occur first. (82) "Right-of-way" means the right of one vehicle operator or pedestrian to proceed in a lawful manner in preference to another vehicle operator or pedestrian approaching under such circumstances of direction, speed, and proximity as to give rise to danger of collision unless one grants precedence to the other. (83) "Road" means any highway. (84) "Road tractor" means every motor vehicle designed and used for drawing other vehicles and not so constructed as to carry any load thereon independently or any part of the weight of a vehicle or load so drawn. (85) "Roadway" means that portion of a highway improved, designed, or ordinarily used for vehicular travel, exclusive of the sidewalk, berm, or shoulder even though such sidewalk, berm, or shoulder is used by persons riding bicycles or other human-powered vehicles and exclusive of that portion of a highway designated for exclusive use as a bicycle path or reserved for the exclusive use of bicycles, human-powered vehicles, or pedestrians. In the event that a highway includes two or more separate roadways, "roadway" refers to any such roadway separately but not to all such roadways collectively. (86) "Saddlemount combination" means a combination of vehicles in which a truck or laden or unladen truck tractor tows one or more additional trucks or laden or unladen truck tractors and in which each such towed truck or laden or unladen truck tractor is connected by a saddle to the frame or fifth wheel of the vehicle immediately in front of such truck or laden or unladen truck tractor. For the purposes of this subsection (86), "saddle" means a mechanism which connects the front axle of a towed vehicle to the frame or fifth wheel of a vehicle immediately in front of such towed vehicle and which functions like a fifth wheel kingpin connection. A saddlemount combination may include one fullmount. (87) "Safety zone" means the area or space officially set aside within a highway for the exclusive use of pedestrians and which is so plainly marked or indicated by proper signs as to be plainly visible at all times while set apart as a safety zone. (88) "School bus" means a motor vehicle that is designed and used specifically for the transportation of school children to or from a public or private school or a school-related activity, whether the activity occurs within or without the territorial limits of any district and whether or not the activity occurs during school hours. "School bus" does not include informal or intermittent arrangements, such as sharing of actual gasoline expense or participation in a car pool, for the transportation of school children to or from a public or private school or a schoolrelated activity. (88.5) (a) "School vehicle" means a motor vehicle, including but not limited to a school bus, that is owned by or under contract to a public or private school and operated for the transportation of school children to or from school or a school-related activity. (b) "School vehicle" does not include: Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 12 of 764 Uncertified Printout (I) Informal or intermittent arrangements, such as sharing of actual gasoline expense or participation in a car pool, for the transportation of school children to or from a public or private school or a school-related activity; or (II) A motor vehicle that is owned by or under contract to a child care center, as defined in section 26-6-102 (5), C.R.S., and that is used for the transportation of children who are served by the child care center. (89) "Semitrailer" means any wheeled vehicle, without motor power, designed to be used in conjunction with a laden or unladen truck tractor so that some part of its own weight and that of its cargo load rests upon or is carried by such laden or unladen truck tractor and that is generally and commonly used to carry and transport property over the public highways. (90) "Sidewalk" means that portion of a street between the curb lines or the lateral lines of a roadway and the adjacent property lines intended for the use of pedestrians. (90.5) (a) "Signature" means either a written signature or an electronic signature. (b) "Electronic signature" has the same meaning as set forth in section 24-71-101. (91) "Snowplow" means any vehicle originally designed for highway snow and ice removal or control or subsequently adapted for such purposes which is operated by or for the state of Colorado or any political subdivision thereof. (92) "Solid rubber tires" means every tire made of rubber other than a pneumatic tire. (93) "Specially constructed vehicle" means any vehicle which has not been originally constructed under a distinctive name, make, model, or type by a generally recognized manufacturer of vehicles. (93.5) (a) "Special mobile machinery" means machinery that is pulled, hauled, or driven over a highway and is either: (I) A vehicle or equipment that is not designed primarily for the transportation of persons or cargo over the public highways; or (II) A motor vehicle that may have been originally designed for the transportation of persons or cargo over the public highways, and has been redesigned or modified by the addition of mounted equipment or machinery, and is only incidentally operated or moved over the public highways. (b) "Special mobile machinery" includes vehicles commonly used in the construction, maintenance, and repair of roadways, the drilling of wells, and the digging of ditches. (94) "Stand" or "standing" means the halting of a vehicle, whether occupied or not, other than momentarily for the purpose of and while actually engaged in receiving or discharging passengers. (95) "State" means a state, territory, organized or unorganized, or district of the United States. (96) "State motor vehicle licensing agency" means the department of revenue. (97) "State traffic control manual" means the most recent edition of the "Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices for Streets and Highways", including any supplement thereto, as adopted by the transportation commission. (98) "Steam and electric trains" includes: (a) "Railroad", which means a carrier of persons or property upon cars, other than street cars, operated upon stationary rails; (b) "Railroad train", which means a steam engine, electric, or other motor, with or without cars coupled thereto, operated upon rails, except streetcars; Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 13 of 764 Uncertified Printout (c) "Streetcar", which means a car other than a railroad train for transporting persons or property upon rails principally within a municipality. (99) "Stinger-steered" means a semitrailer combination configuration wherein the fifth wheel is located on a drop frame located behind and below the rearmost axle of the power unit. (100) "Stop" or "stopping" means, when prohibited, any halting, even momentarily, of a vehicle, whether occupied or not, except when necessary to avoid conflict with other traffic or in compliance with the directions of a police officer or official traffic control device. (101) "Stop line" or "limit line" means a line which indicates where drivers shall stop when directed by an official traffic control device or a police officer. (101.5) "Street rod vehicle" means a vehicle manufactured in 1948 or earlier with a body design that has been modified for safe road use. (102) "Supervisor" means the executive director of the department of revenue or head of a group, division, or subordinate department appointed by the executive director in accordance with article 35 of title 24, C.R.S. (102.5) "Surge brakes" means a system whereby the brakes of a trailer are actuated as a result of the forward pressure of the trailer against the tow vehicle during deceleration. (102.7) "Temporary special event license plate" means a special license plate valid for a limited time period that is issued to a person or group of people in connection with a special event. "Temporary special event license plate" does not mean a special plate for the purposes of section 42-3-207. (102.8) "Third-party provider" means an electronic vehicle or special mobile machinery registration, lien, or titling service provider that is approved by the department to perform the registration, lien, and titling functions set forth in articles 1 to 6 of this title 42. (103) "Through highway" means every highway or portion thereof on which vehicular traffic is given preferential right-of-way and at the entrances to which other vehicular traffic from intersecting highways is required by law to yield the right-of-way to vehicles on such through highway in obedience to a stop sign, yield sign, or other official traffic control device when such signs or devices are erected as provided by law. (103.5) (a) "Toy vehicle" means any vehicle that has wheels and is not designed for use on public highways or for off-road use. (b) "Toy vehicle" includes, but is not limited to, gas-powered or electric-powered vehicles commonly known as mini bikes, "pocket" bikes, kamikaze boards, go-peds, and standup scooters. (c) "Toy vehicle" does not include electric scooters, off-highway vehicles, or snowmobiles. (104) "Traffic" means pedestrians, ridden or herded animals, and vehicles, streetcars, and other conveyances either singly or together while using any highway for the purposes of travel. (105) "Trailer" means any wheeled vehicle, without motive power, which is designed to be drawn by a motor vehicle and to carry its cargo load wholly upon its own structure and that is generally and commonly used to carry and transport property over the public highways. The term includes, but is not limited to, multipurpose trailers as defined in subsection (60.3) of this section. (106) (a) "Trailer coach" means a wheeled vehicle having an overall length, excluding towing gear and bumpers, of not less than twenty-six feet, without motive power, that is Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 14 of 764 Uncertified Printout designed and generally and commonly used for occupancy by persons for residential purposes, in temporary locations, and that may occasionally be drawn over the public highways by a motor vehicle and is licensed as a vehicle. (b) "Manufactured home" means any preconstructed building unit or combination of preconstructed building units, without motive power, where such unit or units are manufactured in a factory or at a location other than the residential site of the completed home, which is designed and commonly used for occupancy by persons for residential purposes, in either temporary or permanent locations, and which unit or units are not licensed as a vehicle. (107) "Transporter" means every person engaged in the business of delivering vehicles of a type required to be registered under articles 1 to 4 of this title from a manufacturing, assembling, or distributing plant to dealers or sales agents of a manufacturer. (108) "Truck" means any motor vehicle equipped with a body designed to carry property and which is generally and commonly used to carry and transport property over the public highways. (109) "Truck tractor - laden" or "laden truck tractor" means any motor vehicle carrying cargo that is generally and commonly designed and used to draw, and is drawing, a semitrailer or trailer and its cargo load over the public highways. (109.5) "Truck tractor - unladen" or "unladen truck tractor" means any motor vehicle not carrying cargo that is generally used to draw a semitrailer or trailer and its cargo load over the public highways. (109.7) "UDD" means underage drinking and driving, and use of the term shall incorporate by reference the offense described in section 42-4-1301 (2)(d). (110) "Used vehicle" means every motor vehicle which has been sold, bargained for, exchanged, or given away, or has had the title transferred from the person who first acquired it from the manufacturer or importer, and has been so used as to have become what is commonly known as "secondhand" within the ordinary meaning thereof. (111) "Utility trailer" means any wheeled vehicle weighing two thousand pounds or less, without motive power, which is designed to be drawn by a motor vehicle and which is generally and commonly used to carry and transport personal effects, articles of household furniture, loads of trash and rubbish, or not to exceed two horses over the public highways. (112) "Vehicle" means a device that is capable of moving itself, or of being moved, from place to place upon wheels or endless tracks. "Vehicle" includes a bicycle, electrical assisted bicycle, electric scooter, or EPAMD, but does not include a wheelchair, off-highway vehicle, snowmobile, farm tractor, or implement of husbandry designed primarily or exclusively for use and used in agricultural operations or any device moved exclusively over stationary rails or tracks or designed to move primarily through the air. (112.5) "Vendor" means an organization that collects bulk data for the purpose of reselling the data. (113) "Wheelchair" means a motorized or nonmotorized wheeled device designed for use by a person with a physical disability. Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2094, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. L. 95: (17), (86), (89), and (109) amended and (109.5) added, p. 470, § 1, effective July 1. L. 96: (102.5) added, p. 629, § 1, effective January 1, 1997. L. 97: (58) amended and (60.5) added, p. 392, § 1, effective August 6. L. 98: (68.5) added, p. 1239, § 2, effective July 1. L. 99: Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 15 of 764 Uncertified Printout (10.5), (72.5), and (112.5) added, p. 1239, § 1, effective August 4. L. 2000: (88) amended, p. 20, § 1, effective March 9; (96) and (102) amended, p. 1639, § 21, effective June 1; (44) amended, p. 548, § 1, effective July 1; (58) amended, p. 698, § 16, effective July 1; (53) and (74) amended, p. 1348, § 13, effective July 1, 2001. L. 2001: (17.5) added and (61) amended, p. 504, § 1, effective May 18; (24.5) and (41.5) added, p. 729, § 2, effective August 8. L. 2002: (35) and (36) amended, p. 1, § 1, effective March 1; (27) amended, p. 1033, § 72, effective June 1; (4.5) added, p. 404, § 2, effective August 7. L. 2003: (102.7) added, p. 1847, § 1, effective May 21; (72.7) added, p. 809, § 1, effective August 6. L. 2005: (19) and (69) amended, p. 640, § 1, effective May 27; (103.5) added, p. 1241, § 1, effective June 3; (43.5) added, p. 335, § 4, effective July 1; (23.5) and (101.5) added and (36) amended, p. 1071, § 1, effective August 8; (24.5) amended, p. 665, § 3, effective August 8. L. 2006: (102.7) amended, p. 1509, § 62, effective June 1; (17.5) amended, p. 43, § 2, effective July 1; (24.5) amended, p. 1753, § 4, effective January 1, 2007; (68.5) amended, p. 1366, § 1, effective January 1, 2007; (45.5) added, p. 1411, § 1, effective July 1, 2007. L. 2007: (109) and (109.5) amended, p. 282, § 1, effective March 29. L. 2008: (6) amended, p. 2083, § 8, effective June 3; (8.5), (27.3), (27.5), (27.7), (41.7), and (109.7) added, p. 243, § 2, effective July 1; (19)(e) added, p. 473, § 2, effective July 1; (60.3) added and (105) and (106)(a) amended, p. 637, § 1, effective August 5; (69) amended, p. 2271, § 1, effective January 1, 2009. L. 2009: (39.5) and (48.6) added and (55), (58), and (60.5) amended, (SB 09-075), ch. 418, p. 2320, § 4, effective August 5; (10), (55), (56), (58), (59), (103.5), and (112) amended and (28.5), (28.7), and (48.5) added, (HB 09-1026), ch. 281, p. 1260, § 22, effective October 1. L. 2010: (88) amended and (88.5) added, (HB 10-1232), ch. 163, p. 572, § 10, effective April 28; (72.2) added, (SB 10-144), ch. 289, p. 1345, § 1, effective July 1; (44) amended, (SB 10-177), ch. 392, p. 1861, § 2, effective August 11; (52.5) added, (SB 10-075), ch. 169, p. 597, § 1, effective August 11; (33), (41), (54), and (60) amended and (93.5) added, (HB 10-1172), ch. 320, p. 1486, § 1, effective October 1. L. 2011: (55) amended, (HB 11-1188), ch. 175, p. 663, § 6, effective May 13. L. 2013: (41.7) repealed, (HB 13-1325), ch. 331, p. 1879, § 4, effective May 28; (47.5) added, (HB 13-1289), ch. 380, p. 2224, § 2, effective June 5; (47.5) amended, (SB 13-280), ch. 407, p. 2396, § 40, effective June 5; (68.5) amended, (HB 13-1240), ch. 361, p. 2112, § 2, effective January 1, 2014. L. 2014: (31.5) added, (SB 14-194), ch. 346, p. 1541, § 1, effective June 5; (7.5) added and (55) amended, (HB 14-1367), ch. 303, p. 1285, § 1, effective July 1. L. 2015: (109.7) amended, (HB 15-1043), ch. 262, p. 996, § 5, effective August 5. L. 2016: (88.5)(b)(II) amended, (SB 16-189), ch. 210, p. 797, § 118, effective June 6. L. 2017: (7.5) and (55) amended, (HB 17-1044), ch. 72, p. 228, § 1, effective March 23; IP amended and (7.7), (27.8), and (43.3) added, (SB 17-213), ch. 277, p. 1517, § 2, effective August 9; (5) amended and (16.5) and (47.3) added, (HB 17-1107), ch. 101, p. 358, § 1, effective August 9; (28.5) and (58) amended, (HB 17-1151), ch. 98, p. 295, § 1, effective August 9. L. 2018: (24) amended and (90.5) and (102.8) added, (HB 18-1299), ch. 297, p. 1808, § 1, effective July 1, 2019. L. 2019: (28.8) added and (48.5)(b), (58), (103.5)(c), and (112) amended, (HB 19-1221), ch. 271, p. 2557, § 1, effective May 23; (69.5) added, (HB 19-1298), ch. 384, p. 3438, § 1, effective August 2. Editor's note: (1) Subsection (74)(b) provided for the repeal of subsection (74), effective July 1, 2006. (See L. 2000, p. 1348.) (2) Amendments to subsections (55) and (58) by Senate Bill 09-075 and House Bill 091026 were harmonized. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 16 of 764 Uncertified Printout (3) Section 19 of chapter 271 (HB 19-1221), Session Laws of Colorado 2019, provides that the act changing this section applies to conduct occurring on or after May 23, 2019. (4) Section 5 of chapter 384 (HB 19-1298), Session Laws of Colorado 2019, provides that the act changing this section applies to offenses committed on or after August 2, 2019. Cross references: (1) For the legislative declaration contained in the 1998 act amending subsection (68.5), see section 1 of chapter 295, Session Laws of Colorado 1998. For the legislative declaration in the 2013 act adding subsection (47.5), see section 1 of chapter 380, Session Laws of Colorado 2013. For the legislative declaration in SB 17-213, see section 1 of chapter 277, Session Laws of Colorado 2017. (2) Section 1 of chapter 412, Session Laws of Colorado 2008, provides that the act amending subsection (6) shall be known and may be cited as the "Charles Mather Highway Safety Act". PART 2 ADMINISTRATION 42-1-201. Administration - supervisor. The executive director of the department is empowered to administer and enforce the provisions of articles 1 to 4 of this title. There shall be at least one supervisor who shall be employed under section 13 of article XII of the state constitution. Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2106, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. L. 2000: Entire section amended, p. 1639, § 22, effective June 1. 42-1-202. Have charge of all divisions. The supervisor shall have charge of all divisions as provided in articles 1 to 4 of this title to carry out the purposes of said articles. Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2106, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. 42-1-203. Executive director to cooperate with others - local compliance required. (1) The executive director of the department shall coordinate motor vehicle enforcement throughout the state by cooperating with other officials connected with traffic enforcement, as may appear to the executive director as advantageous. The executive director shall bring to the attention of proper officials information and statistics in connection with enforcement and shall urge the desirability and necessity of uniformity. It is the executive director's duty to cooperate and confer with officials of other states charged with like duties, and the executive director is authorized to attend conferences called among said officials, and the executive director's necessary traveling expenses in attending said meetings shall be paid as are other traveling expenses of said department. (2) In the coordination of motor vehicle law enforcement reporting throughout the state, the executive director, upon the failure of any local jurisdiction to take the necessary steps to Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 17 of 764 Uncertified Printout achieve uniformity, may order such local jurisdiction to come into conformity with state coordination plans, including all information and statistics relating thereto. Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2106, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. 42-1-204. Uniform rules and regulations. The executive director of the department has the power to make uniform rules and regulations not inconsistent with articles 1 to 4 of this title and to enforce the same. Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2107, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. Cross references: For rule-making procedures, see article 4 of title 24. 42-1-205. Record of official acts - seal. The executive director of the department shall keep a record of all the executive director's official acts and shall preserve a copy of all decisions, rules, and orders made by the executive director, and the executive director shall adopt an official seal for the department. Copies of any act, rule, order, or decision made by the executive director or of any paper or papers filed in the executive director's office may be authenticated by the executive director or the executive director's deputy under said seal at a cost not exceeding one dollar for each authentication and when so authenticated shall be evidence equally with and in like manner as the originals and may be received by the courts of this state as evidence of the contents. Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2107, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. Cross references: For use of a rubber stamp that produces a facsimile of the seal, see § 42-2-121 (3). 42-1-206. Records open to inspection - furnishing of copies - rules. (1) (a) Except as provided in part 2 of article 72 of title 24, C.R.S., and subsection (6) of this section, all records made public records by any provision of this title and kept in the office of the department shall be open to inspection by the public during business hours under such reasonable rules relating thereto as the executive director of the department may prescribe. (b) (I) For purposes of subsections (1) to (3) and (5) of this section, "law" means the federal "Driver's Privacy Protection Act of 1994", 18 U.S.C. sec. 2721 et seq., the federal "Fair Credit Reporting Act", 15 U.S.C. sec. 1681 et seq., part 2 of article 72 of title 24, part 21 of article 30 of title 24, and this section. The department shall prepare a requester release form and make the form available to the department's authorized agents. The form must include the following: (A) A statement indicating whether the requester will use the motor vehicle or driver records or transfer or resell such records to another person for any purpose prohibited by law; Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 18 of 764 Uncertified Printout (B) A warning that any person using motor vehicle or driver records, or obtaining, reselling, or transferring these records, for purposes prohibited by law may be subject to civil or criminal penalties under federal and state law; and (C) An affidavit of intended use that states that such requester shall not obtain, use, resell, or transfer the information for any purpose prohibited by law. (II) The department or an authorized agent shall require any person, other than a person in interest as defined in section 24-72-202 (4), C.R.S., or a federal, state, or local government agency carrying out its official functions, requesting inspection of a motor vehicle or driver record from the department or agent individually or in bulk, to sign a requester release form and, under penalty of perjury, an affidavit of intended use prior to providing the record to such person. The department or authorized agent may allow inspection of motor vehicle and driver records only as authorized under section 24-72-204 (7), C.R.S. (2) (a) Except as provided in subsection (6) of this section, upon written application and the payment of a fee per copy, or a record search for each copy requested, the department shall furnish to any person a photostatic copy of any specified record or accident report specifically made a public record by this title and shall, if requested, certify the same. The department shall set the fee in accordance with section 42-2-114.5. The department shall transfer the fee to the state treasurer, who shall credit the fee to the licensing services cash fund; except that the treasurer shall credit: (I) Ten cents of each fee collected by the authorized agent to the special purpose account established under section 42-1-211; and (II) The entire fee for vehicle and manufactured home records, if collected directly by the department, to the special purpose account established under section 42-1-211. (b) An authorized agent of the department shall not provide the service of furnishing copies of certain records to members of the public if copies of such records are available to the public directly from the department. (3) Repealed. / (Deleted by amendment, L. 99, p. 345, § 3, effective April 16, 1999.) (3.5) (a) The department shall not sell, permit the sale of, or otherwise release to anyone other than the person in interest any photograph, electronically stored photograph, digitized image, fingerprint, or social security number filed with, maintained by, or prepared by the department of revenue pursuant to section 42-2-121 (2)(c)(I)(F) or (2)(c)(I)(H). (b) Nothing in this subsection (3.5) shall prevent the department from sharing any information with a criminal justice agency as defined in section 24-72-302 (3), C.R.S. (c) (Deleted by amendment, L. 2000, p. 1340, § 2, effective May 30, 2000.) (d) The department of revenue shall make every effort to retrieve all copies of photographs, electronically stored photographs, or digitized images that may have been sold by the department under subsection (3), as said subsection existed prior to its repeal in 1999, of this section. (e) Notwithstanding subsection (3.5)(a) of this section or part 3 of article 72 of title 24, the department may transmit the driver or cardholder image from its driver's license and identification card records to the driver licensing agency of any other state for the purposes of identifying driver's license applicants and violators. The department may promulgate rules to implement this provision. (3.7) (a) The department shall establish a system to allow bulk electronic transfer of information to primary users and vendors who are permitted to receive such information Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 19 of 764 Uncertified Printout pursuant to section 24-72-204 (7), C.R.S. Bulk transfers to vendors shall be limited strictly to vendors who transfer or resell such information for purposes permitted by law. Such information shall consist of the information contained in a driver's license application under section 42-2107, a driver's license renewal application under section 42-2-118, a duplicate driver's license application under section 42-2-117, a commercial driver's license application under section 42-2403, an identification card application under section 42-2-302, a motor vehicle title application under section 42-6-116, a motor vehicle registration application under section 42-3-113, or other official record or document maintained by the department under section 42-2-121. (b) The department shall promulgate rules governing annual contracts with primary users and vendors for the purpose of establishing bulk electronic transfer of information to primary users and vendors pursuant to an annual affidavit and release form and shall require that the contracts include, at a minimum: (I) A provision for a reasonable fee that encompasses all direct costs of the department related to the bulk electronic transfer of information to that primary user or vendor; (II) A provision that prohibits any use not otherwise authorized by law; (III) A provision that requires the primary user or vendor to specify the designated use and recipients of the information; and (IV) A provision that prohibits any resale or transfer of the information other than as specified in the contract or in a manner that is prohibited by law. (c) Repealed. (d) The department shall provide bulk electronic transfer in accordance with the limitations and restrictions regarding release of information in this section as well as section 2472-204, C.R.S. The department shall not release photographs, electronically stored photographs, digitized images, or fingerprints filed with, maintained by, or prepared by the department through bulk electronic transfer. (e) The department shall forward all fees collected pursuant to contracts entered into with primary users or vendors pursuant to this subsection (3.7) to the state treasurer, who shall credit the same to the highway users tax fund. The general assembly shall make annual appropriations from the general fund for the costs associated with the administration of this subsection (3.7). (f) The executive director of the department shall promulgate rules as are consistent with current law and necessary to carry out the provisions of this subsection (3.7). (4) Notwithstanding the amount specified for any fee in this section, the executive director of the department by rule or as otherwise provided by law may reduce the amount of one or more of the fees if necessary pursuant to section 24-75-402 (3), C.R.S., to reduce the uncommitted reserves of the fund to which all or any portion of one or more of the fees is credited. After the uncommitted reserves of the fund are sufficiently reduced, the executive director of the department by rule or as otherwise provided by law may increase the amount of one or more of the fees as provided in section 24-75-402 (4), C.R.S. (5) A person who willfully and knowingly obtains, resells, transfers, or uses information in violation of law: (a) Is liable to any injured party for treble damages, reasonable attorney fees, and costs; (b) Is subject to being denied access to the records by the department. The department may temporarily or permanently deny access to or place restrictions on the access of a person who violates this subsection (5). Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 20 of 764 Uncertified Printout (6) The record of conviction and actions taken by the department for violating section 18-13-122 or 44-3-901 (1)(d), held by the department of revenue, shall not be a public record after the period of revocation imposed under such sections has been concluded; except that this subsection (6) shall not prevent the department from sharing such information with a criminal justice agency as defined in section 24-72-302 (3). Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2107, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. L. 97: (3) added, p. 1178, § 2, effective July 1; entire section amended, p. 1051, § 3, effective September 1. L. 98: (4) added, p. 1351, § 92, effective June 1. L. 99: (3) amended and (3.5) added, p. 345, § 3, effective April 16; (3) repealed and (3.7) added, pp. 1241, 1239, §§ 4, 2, effective August 4. L. 2000: (1)(b)(I)(A), (2)(a), (3.5)(c), and (3.7)(a) amended, p. 1340, § 2, effective May 30. L. 2001: (1)(b), (3.7)(a), IP(3.7)(b), (3.7)(b)(I), and (3.7)(b)(IV) amended and (5) added, p. 587, § 2, effective August 8. L. 2003: (2)(a) amended, p. 1978, § 2, effective May 22. L. 2005: (1)(a) and (2)(a) amended and (6) added, p. 673, § 1, effective June 1; (3.5)(d) amended, p. 782, § 75, effective June 1; (3.7)(a) amended, p. 1171, § 3, effective August 8. L. 2014: (2)(a) amended, (SB 14-194), ch. 346, p. 1541, § 2, effective June 5. L. 2017: (3.5)(e) added, (HB 17-1107), ch. 101, p. 359, § 2, effective August 9. L. 2018: (6) amended, (HB 181025), ch. 152, p. 1082, § 22, effective October 1; IP(1)(b)(I), (1)(b)(I)(B), and (5) amended, (HB 18-1299), ch. 297, p. 1808, § 2, effective July 1, 2019. Editor's note: Subsection (3.7)(c)(II) provided for the repeal of subsection (3.7)(c), effective July 1, 2000. (See L. 99, p. 1239.) Cross references: (1) For public records and the inspection, copying, or photographing thereof, see part 2 of article 72 of title 24. (2) For the legislative declaration contained in the 1997 act amending this section, see section 1 of chapter 201, Session Laws of Colorado 1997. 42-1-207. No supplies for private purposes - penalty. No officer or employee at any time shall use for private or pleasure purposes any of the equipment or supplies furnished for the discharge of such officer or employee's duties. The use of such equipment for private or personal use is declared to be a misdemeanor, and, upon conviction thereof, the violator shall be punished by a fine of not more than three hundred dollars, or by imprisonment in the county jail for not more than six months, or by both such fine and imprisonment and by dismissal from office. Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2107, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. 42-1-208. Information on accidents - published. The department shall receive accident reports required to be made by law and shall tabulate and analyze such reports and publish annually, or at more frequent intervals, statistical information based thereon as to the number, cause, and location of highway accidents. The statistical information shall be issued in accordance with the provisions of section 24-1-136, C.R.S. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 21 of 764 Uncertified Printout Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2108, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. L. 2007: Entire section amended, p. 30, § 2, effective August 3. 42-1-209. Copies of law published. (Repealed) Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2108, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. L. 2007: Entire section repealed, p. 30, § 3, effective August 3. 42-1-210. Authorized agents - legislative declaration - fee. (1) (a) (I) Authorized agents are hereby designated as the authorized agents of the department, under direction of the executive director of the department, for the administration of articles 1, 3, 4, 6, and 12 of this title and rules adopted under those articles relating to the performance of their duties; for the enforcement of section 42-6-139 relating to the registering and titling of motor vehicles; and for the enforcement of section 38-29-120 relating to the titling of manufactured homes. (II) An authorized agent may appoint and employ such motor vehicle registration and license clerks as are actually necessary in the issuance of motor vehicle licenses and may retain for the purpose of defraying these expenses, including mailing, a sum equal to four dollars per paid motor vehicle registration and registration requiring a license plate or plates; individual temporary registration number plates; or a validation tab, sticker, decal, or certificate as provided in sections 42-3-201 and 42-3-203. This fee of four dollars applies to every registration of a motor vehicle except motor vehicles that are specifically exempted from payment of any registration fee by article 3 of this title 42, and is required in addition to the annual registration fee prescribed by law for a motor vehicle. When the department collects the fee, the department shall transfer the fee to the state treasurer, who shall credit it to the Colorado DRIVES vehicle services account created in section 42-1-211; except that, if the fee is collected by a third-party provider, the department shall transmit the fee to the authorized agent where the vehicle or special mobile machinery is registered. Authorized agents serve under this part 2 without additional remuneration or fees, except as otherwise provided in articles 1 to 6 of this title 42. (b) The fee established by subsection (1)(a) of this section does not apply to a shipping and handling fee for the mailing of a license plate, individual temporary registration number plate, and certificate, decal, or validation tab or sticker pursuant to section 42-3-105 (1)(a). (2) The general assembly hereby finds that, since it is the government that requires citizens to register, license, and undertake other actions concerning their motor vehicles, it is thus the duty of government to provide convenient and easily accessible motor vehicle services to the public. (3) (a) An authorized agent is responsible for the preservation of title and registration paperwork processed in the agent's office until each document has been converted to a digital image and verified by the department. (b) The department is responsible for the preservation of title and registration paperwork digitally stored in Colorado DRIVES. Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2108, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. L. 97: Entire section amended, p. 1053, § 5, effective September 1. L. 98: (1) amended, p. 136, § 1, effective March 30; (1) amended, p. 1019, § 2, effective May 27. L. 2000: (1)(b) amended, p. 824, § 1, effective May 24. L. 2001: (1)(a) amended, p. 269, § 18, effective Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 22 of 764 Uncertified Printout November 15. L. 2003: (1)(a) amended, p. 562, § 3, effective July 1. L. 2005: (1)(a) and (1)(b) amended, p. 1171, § 4, effective August 8. L. 2007: (1)(a) amended, p. 976, § 1, effective September 1. L. 2017: (1) amended and (3) added, (HB 17-1107), ch. 101, p. 359, § 3, effective August 9. L. 2018: (1)(a)(II) amended, (HB 18-1299), ch. 297, p. 1809, § 3, effective July 1, 2019. Editor's note: Amendments to subsection (1) by House Bill 98-1064 and House Bill 981070 were harmonized. Cross references: For the legislative declaration contained in the 1997 act amending this section, see section 1 of chapter 201, Session Laws of Colorado 1997. 42-1-211. Driver's license, record, identification, and vehicle enterprise solution repeal. (1) The department is hereby authorized to coordinate the management of a statewide system, referred to as Colorado DRIVES. The department shall provide the necessary hardware, software, and support and training to aid the authorized agents in the performance of their duties. (1.5) and (1.7) Repealed. (1.9) (a) In accordance with section 24-21-521 (2), the department of revenue and the department of state shall allow for the exchange of information on legal names and signatures between the systems used by the department of revenue and the notary public filing system maintained by the department of state for the purpose of electronic filing of notary applications and renewals. (b) For purposes of this subsection (1.9), "systems used by the department of revenue" means Colorado DRIVES. (2) (a) (I) There is hereby created the Colorado state titling and registration account in the highway users tax fund for the purpose of providing funds: For the development and operation of the Colorado state titling and registration system, including operations performed under articles 3, 4, 6, 7, and 12 of this title 42; to cover the costs of administration and enforcement of the motorist insurance identification database program created in section 42-7604; and to purchase and issue license plates, decals, and validating tabs in accordance with article 3 of this title 42. Money received from the fees imposed by sections 38-29-138 (1), (2), (4), and (5), 42-1-206 (2)(a), 42-3-107 (22), 42-3-213 (1)(b)(IV), 42-6-137 (1), (2), (4), (5), and (6), and 42-3-304 (18)(d), as well as any money received through gifts, grants, and donations to the account from private or public sources for the purposes of this section, shall be credited by the state treasurer to the account until July 1, 2019. The general assembly shall appropriate annually the money in the account for the purposes of this subsection (2). If any unexpended and unencumbered money remains in the account at the end of a fiscal year, the balance remains in the fund and is not transferred to the general fund or any other fund; except that the state treasurer shall transfer thirty-three percent of the unexpended and unencumbered money in the Colorado state titling and registration account to the Colorado DRIVES vehicle services account on July 1, 2019, and all unexpended and unencumbered money remaining in the Colorado state titling and registration account to the Colorado DRIVES vehicle services account at the end of fiscal year 2018-19. (II) This subsection (2)(a) is repealed, effective July 1, 2020. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 23 of 764 Uncertified Printout (b) (I) There is hereby created the Colorado DRIVES vehicle services account in the highway users tax fund for the purpose of providing funds for the development and operation of Colorado DRIVES, including operations performed under articles 3, 4, 6, 7, and 12 of this title 42, to cover the costs of administration and enforcement of the motorist insurance identification database program created in section 42-7-604, and to purchase and issue license plates, decals, and validating tabs in accordance with article 3 of this title 42. Money received from the fees imposed by section 38-29-138 (1), (2), (4), and (5) and sections 42-1-206 (2)(a), 42-1-231, 42-3107 (22), 42-3-213 (1)(b)(IV), 42-3-304 (18), 42-3-306 (14), 42-3-313 (2)(c)(I), and 42-6-137 (1), (2), (4), (5), and (6), as well as any money received through gifts, grants, and donations to the account from private or public sources for the purposes of this section, shall be credited by the state treasurer to the Colorado DRIVES vehicle services account. The general assembly shall appropriate annually the money in the account for the purposes of this subsection (2). If any unexpended and unencumbered money remains in the account at the end of a fiscal year, the balance remains in the account and is not transferred to the general fund or any other fund. (II) (A) This subsection (2)(b) takes effect July 1, 2019. (B) This subsection (2)(b)(II) is repealed, effective July 1, 2020. (3) Repealed. (4) (a) There is hereby created the Colorado DRIVES county governance committee. The committee consists of the following nine members: (I) Six authorized agents appointed by the executive director of the department of revenue based on recommendations of an association representing authorized agents, which agents have the following qualifications: (A) Two authorized agents from a category I or category II county as established in section 30-2-102 (1)(a) and (1)(b); (B) Two authorized agents from a category III or category IV county as established in section 30-2-102 (1)(c) and (1)(d); (C) Two authorized agents from a category V or category VI county as established in section 30-2-102 (1)(e) and (1)(f); (II) Two employees of the department of revenue, appointed by the executive director of the department of revenue; and (III) One employee of the governor's office of information technology who is familiar with the division of motor vehicle systems and process and who is appointed by the executive director of the governor's office of information and technology. (b) Notwithstanding subsections (4)(a)(I)(A) to (4)(a)(I)(C) of this section, the executive director of the department of revenue may appoint, at the discretion of the executive director, an authorized agent to represent a category of county that the authorized agent is not from if an authorized agent from that category of county is not recommended or available for appointment or for other reasons as determined by the executive director. (c) An act of the committee is void unless a majority of the appointed members has voted in favor of the act. (d) The committee has the following powers and duties: (I) To approve the annual operation budget proposal for the appropriations for the following categories of Colorado DRIVES: (A) Personal services; (B) Operating expenses; Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 24 of 764 Uncertified Printout (C) County office asset maintenance; and (D) County office improvements; (II) To fix the time when and place where meetings are held; and (III) To establish subcommittees and working groups to report to the committee. (5) and (6) Repealed. (7) (Deleted by amendment, L. 2001, p. 815, § 3, effective July 1, 2001.) (8) Repealed. Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2108, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. L. 96: IP(1) and (4)(a) amended, p. 182, § 1, effective April 8. L. 2001: (1)(b) amended, p. 516, § 3, effective May 18; (8) added, p. 521, § 2, effective May 22; IP(1), (2), IP(4)(a), (4)(a)(I), (4)(a)(II), (5), and (7) amended, p. 815, § 3, effective July 1; (1)(b) and IP(4)(a) amended, p. 270, § 19, effective November 15; (4)(b) repealed, p. 516, § 4, effective January 1, 2002. L. 2002: (1.5) added, p. 1642, § 38, effective June 7. L. 2003: (1.5)(a) amended and (1.5)(c) added, p. 2080, § 17, effective May 22; (2) amended, p. 1979, § 6, effective May 22; IP(4)(a) amended, p. 563, § 4, effective July 1. L. 2005: (1.5)(c) amended, p. 18, § 3, effective July 1; (2) amended, p. 1172, § 5, effective August 8. L. 2009: (1.5)(a) amended, (HB 09-1160), ch. 263, p. 1208, § 3, effective May 15. L. 2010: (2) amended, (SB 10-055), ch. 152, p. 526, § 1, effective April 21; (1.7) added, (HB 10-1045), ch. 317, p. 1478, § 2, effective July 1, 2011. L. 2012: (1.9) added, (HB 12-1274), ch. 214, p. 924, § 11, effective August 8. L. 2014: (2) amended, (SB 14-194), ch. 346, p. 1542, § 3, effective June 5. L. 2017: (2) amended, (SB 17176), ch. 12, p. 36, § 1, effective March 1; (1), (1.9)(b), and (2) amended and (1.5), (1.7), and (3) repealed, (HB 17-1107), ch. 101, p. 360, § 4, effective August 9; (1.9)(a) amended, (SB 17-132), ch. 207, p. 808, § 6, effective July 1, 2018 (see (4)(b) of the editor's note); (4)(a) amended, (4)(b) RC&RE, and (4)(c) and (4)(d) added, (HB 17-1107), ch. 101, p. 363, § 5, effective July 1, 2018; (5)(b) and (6)(b) added by revision, (HB 17-1107), ch. 101, pp. 363, 377, §§ 5, 36. L. 2018: (2)(a) and (2)(b)(II) amended, (SB 18-253), ch. 293, p. 1798, § 1, effective May 29. Editor's note: (1) This section is similar to former § 42-1-210.1 as it existed prior to 1994, and the former § 42-1-211 was relocated to § 42-1-213. (2) Amendments to subsection (1)(b) by House Bill 01-1307 and Senate Bill 01-102 were harmonized. Amendments to the introductory portion to subsection (4)(a) by Senate Bill 01-102 and House Bill 01-1100 were harmonized. (3) Subsection (8)(b) provided for the repeal of subsection (8), effective July 1, 2002. (See L. 2001, p. 521.) (4) The effective date for changes to subsection (1.9)(a) by Senate Bill 17-132 was changed from August 9, 2017, to July 1, 2018, by section 121 of Senate Bill 17-294. (See L. 2017, p. 1418.) (5) Amendments to this section by SB 17-176 and HB 17-1107 were harmonized. (6) Subsections (5)(b) and (6)(b) provided for the repeal of subsections (5) and (6), respectively, effective July 30, 2018. (See L. 2017, pp. 363, 377.) 42-1-212. Consolidated data processing system - voter registration. (Repealed) Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 25 of 764 Uncertified Printout Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2110, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. L. 2001: (1) and (2)(a) amended, p. 816, § 4, effective July 1; entire section repealed, p. 516, § 5, effective January 1, 2002. 42-1-213. Commission of authorized agents. Authorized agents may retain fifty cents out of the money collected by them on each transaction in which specific ownership tax is collected, which fifty cents is the only remuneration an authorized agent is allowed to retain for collecting specific ownership taxes and issuing receipts. In counties of the fifth class, the authorized agent shall use the retained funds to defray the necessary expenses in connection with the collection and administration of specific ownership taxes as directed by articles 1 to 4 of this title 42. Authorized agents in all other counties above the fifth class shall deposit in the general fund of said city and county, or of said county, all such sums so retained under this section. Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2111, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. L. 2003: Entire section amended, p. 563, § 5, effective July 1. L. 2017: Entire section amended, (HB 17-1107), ch. 101, p. 364, § 6, effective August 9. Editor's note: This section is similar to former § 42-1-211 as it existed prior to 1994, and the former § 42-1-213 was relocated to § 42-1-215. 42-1-214. Duties of authorized agents. (1) Every authorized agent, on or before the fifteenth day of each calendar month, shall transmit to the department all fees and money collected by the agent under articles 1 to 4 (except part 3 of article 2) of this title 42 during the preceding calendar month, except such sums as are specifically authorized to be retained by the authorized agent. (2) The authorized agents shall deposit all money received in the administration of any motor vehicle license law with the county treasurers of their respective counties and take a receipt. The authorized agent shall deposit the money in a separate fund administered by the county treasurers, and the authorized agents are not liable for the safekeeping of the funds after depositing them. The county treasurers shall accept all money tendered to them by the authorized agents for deposit as provided in this section. (3) On or before the fifteenth day of each calendar month, the county treasurer shall send the money collected for the department by the authorized agent to the department by: (a) An electronic funds transfer covering the funds that have been deposited with the county treasurer during the previous month; or (b) A warrant drawn on the county treasurer of their county, payable to the department on demand, covering the amount of the funds that may have been deposited with the county treasurer during the previous month, and the county treasurer shall pay the warrant on demand and presentation. Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2111, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. L. 2017: Entire section amended, (HB 17-1107), ch. 101, p. 365, § 7, effective August 9. Editor's note: This section is similar to former § 42-1-212 as it existed prior to 1994, and the former § 42-1-214 was relocated to § 42-1-216. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 26 of 764 Uncertified Printout 42-1-215. Oaths. The executive director of the department, the deputy director of the department, the supervisor, and the authorized agents of the department are empowered to administer oaths or affirmations as provided in articles 1 to 4 of this title. Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2112, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. Editor's note: This section is similar to former § 42-1-213 as it existed prior to 1994, and the former § 42-1-215 was relocated to § 42-1-217. 42-1-216. Destruction of obsolete records. The department is empowered to destroy or otherwise dispose of all obsolete motor and other vehicle records, number plates, and badges after the same have been in its possession for twelve calendar months; but all records of accidents must be preserved by the department for a period of six years. Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2112, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. Editor's note: This section is similar to former § 42-1-214 as it existed prior to 1994. 42-1-217. Disposition of fines and surcharges. (1) All judges, clerks of a court of record, or other officers imposing or receiving fines, penalties, or forfeitures, except those moneys received pursuant to sections 42-4-313 (3), 42-4-413, 42-4-1409, 42-4-1701 (5)(a), 428-105, and 42-8-106, collected pursuant to or as a result of a conviction of any persons for a violation of articles 1 to 4 (except part 3 of article 2) of this title, shall transmit, within ten days after the date of receipt of any such fine, penalty, or forfeiture, all such moneys so collected in the following manner: (a) The aggregate amount of such fines, penalties, or forfeitures, except for a violation of section 42-4-1301 or 42-4-237, shall be transmitted to the state treasurer, credited to the highway users tax fund, and allocated and expended as specified in section 43-4-205 (5.5)(a), C.R.S. (b) Fifty percent of any fine, penalty, or forfeiture for a violation of section 42-4-1301 occurring within the corporate limits of a city or town shall be transmitted to the treasurer or chief financial officer of said city or town, and the remaining fifty percent shall be transmitted to the state treasurer, credited to the highway users tax fund, and allocated and expended as specified in section 43-4-205 (5.5)(a), C.R.S.; except that twenty-five percent of any fine, penalty, or forfeiture for a violation of section 42-4-1301 occurring on a state or federal highway shall be transmitted to the treasurer or chief financial officer of said city or town, and the remaining seventy-five percent shall be transmitted to the state treasurer, credited to the highway users tax fund, and allocated and expended as specified in section 43-4-205 (5.5)(a), C.R.S. (c) Any other provision of law notwithstanding, all moneys collected pursuant to section 42-4-1301.3 shall be transmitted to the state treasurer to be credited to the account of the alcohol and drug driving safety program fund. (d) Fifty percent of any fine, penalty, or forfeiture for a violation of section 42-4-1301 occurring outside the corporate limits of a city or town shall be transmitted to the treasurer of the county in which the city or town is located, and the remaining fifty percent shall be transmitted Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 27 of 764 Uncertified Printout to the state treasurer, credited to the highway users tax fund, and allocated and expended as specified in section 43-4-205 (5.5)(a), C.R.S.; except that twenty-five percent of any fine, penalty, or forfeiture for a violation of section 42-4-1301 occurring on a state or federal highway shall be transmitted to the treasurer of the county in which the city or town is located, and the remaining seventy-five percent shall be transmitted to the state treasurer, credited to the highway users tax fund, and allocated and expended as specified in section 43-4-205 (5.5)(a), C.R.S. (e) Any fine, penalty, or forfeiture collected for a violation of section 42-4-237 shall be transmitted to the treasurer of the local jurisdiction in which the violation occurred; except that: (I) If the citing officer was an officer of the Colorado state patrol, the fine, penalty, or forfeiture shall be transmitted to the state treasurer, credited to the highway users tax fund, and allocated and expended as specified in section 43-4-205 (5.5)(a), C.R.S.; or (II) If the violation occurred on a state or federal highway, fifty percent of the fine, penalty, or forfeiture shall be transmitted to the treasurer of the local jurisdiction in which the violation occurred and the remaining fifty percent shall be transmitted to the state treasurer, credited to the highway users tax fund, and allocated and expended as specified in section 43-4205 (5.5)(a), C.R.S. (2) Except for the first fifty cents of any penalty for a traffic infraction, which shall be retained by the department and used for administrative purposes, moneys collected by the department pursuant to section 42-4-1701 (5)(a) shall be transmitted to the state treasurer, who shall credit the same to the highway users tax fund for allocation and expenditure as specified in section 43-4-205 (5.5)(a), C.R.S.; except that moneys collected pursuant to section 42-4-1701 (5)(a) for a violation of section 42-4-237 shall be allocated pursuant to paragraph (e) of subsection (1) of this section. (3) Failure, refusal, or neglect on the part of any judicial or other officer or employee to comply with the provisions of this section shall constitute misconduct in office and shall be grounds for removal therefrom. (4) (a) All moneys collected by the department as surcharges on penalty assessments issued for violations of a class A or a class B traffic infraction or a class 1 or a class 2 misdemeanor traffic offense, pursuant to section 42-4-1701, shall be transmitted to the court administrator of the judicial district in which the offense or infraction was committed and credited fifty percent to the victims and witnesses assistance and law enforcement fund established in that judicial district and fifty percent to the crime victim compensation fund established in that judicial district. (b) Repealed. Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2112, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. L. 96: IP(1) amended, p. 385, § 1, effective April 17. L. 2002: (1)(c) amended, p. 1921, § 15, effective July 1. L. 2003: (4) amended, p. 1550, § 9, effective May 1; (1)(c) amended, p. 2003, § 71, effective May 22. L. 2004: IP(1) amended, p. 792, § 1, effective January 1, 2005. L. 2005: (1)(a), (1)(b), (1)(d), (1)(e), and (2) amended, p. 141, § 6, effective April 5. L. 2007: (4) amended, p. 1114, § 4, effective July 1. L. 2008: IP(1), (1)(b), (1)(d), (1)(e), and (2) amended, p. 2085, § 2, effective July 1. Editor's note: (1) This section is similar to former § 42-1-215 as it existed prior to 1994, and the former § 42-1-217 was relocated to § 42-1-218. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 28 of 764 Uncertified Printout (2) Subsection (4)(b)(II) provided for the repeal of subsection (4)(b), effective July 1, 2008. (See L. 2007, p. 1114.) Cross references: For costs levied on traffic offenses pursuant to the "Colorado Crime Victim Compensation Act", see § 24-4.1-119; for costs levied on alcohol- and drug-related traffic offenses, see §§ 42-4-1301.3 (4)(a), 42-4-1301.4 (5), 42-4-1307, and 43-4-402; for establishment of the victims and witnesses assistance and law enforcement fund and the authority for levying of surcharges, see §§ 24-4.2-103 and 24-4.2-104. 42-1-218. Revocations and suspensions of licenses published. (Repealed) Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2113, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. L. 2007: Entire section repealed, p. 30, § 4, effective August 3. 42-1-218.5. Electronic hearings. (1) Notwithstanding any other provision of this title to the contrary, at the discretion of the department, any hearing held by the department pursuant to this title may be conducted in whole or in part, in real time, by telephone or other electronic means. (2) The general assembly recognizes that there is an increase in the number of hearings conducted by the department; that a licensee has the right to appear in person at a hearing; and that a licensee or a law enforcement officer may not be able to appear in person at a hearing. The general assembly therefore directs the department to consider the circumstances of the licensee when a licensee requests to appear in person, and grant the request whenever possible. The general assembly further directs the department to consider the circumstances of the licensee and the law enforcement officer when either may not be able to appear in person, and allow the appearance by electronic means whenever possible. (3) and (4) Repealed. Source: L. 2001: Entire section added, p. 552, § 2, effective May 23. L. 2003: (3) and (4) repealed, p. 2620, § 2, effective June 5. 42-1-219. Appropriations for administration of title. The general assembly shall make appropriations for the expenses of administration of this title. Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2113, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. Editor's note: This section is similar to former § 42-1-218 as it existed prior to 1994. 42-1-220. Identification security fund - repeal. (Repealed) Source: L. 2001: Entire section added, p. 940, § 5, effective July 1. L. 2002: (1) amended, p. 535, § 1, effective May 24. L. 2006: (2) and (3) amended, p. 656, § 2, effective April 24. L. 2009: (3) amended, (SB 09-025), ch. 266, p. 1215, § 1, effective July 1. L. 2014: (1) amended and (2) repealed, (SB 14-194), ch. 346, p. 1542, § 4, effective June 5. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 29 of 764 Uncertified Printout Editor's note: Subsection (3) provided for the repeal of this section, effective July 1, 2014. (See L. 2009, p. 1215.) 42-1-221. Fuel piracy computer reprogramming cash fund - repeal. (Repealed) Source: L. 2002: Entire section added, p. 1132, § 3, effective July 1. Editor's note: Subsection (3) provided for the repeal of this section, effective July 1, 2003. (See L. 2002, p. 1132.) 42-1-222. Motor vehicle investigations unit. The department shall establish a motor vehicle investigations unit to investigate and prevent fraud concerning the use of driver's licenses, identification cards, motor vehicle titles and registrations, and other motor vehicle documents issued by the department. Such unit shall also assist victims of identity theft by means of such documents. Source: L. 2004: Entire section added, p. 1736, § 1, effective July 1. 42-1-223. (Repealed) Monitoring driving improvement schools - fund - rules - repeal. Source: L. 2009: Entire section added, (HB 09-1246), ch. 346, p. 1811, § 1, effective August 5. L. 2014: (1) to (3) repealed and (4) and (5) added, (HB 14-1228), ch. 337, p. 1501, § 1, effective June 5. Editor's note: Subsection (5) provided for the repeal of this section, effective July 1, 2015. (See L. 2014, p. 1501.) 42-1-224. Criminal history check. (1) The department may submit fingerprints of an employee or prospective employee to the Colorado bureau of investigation to obtain a fingerprint-based criminal history record check if the employee's duties do or will provide them with access to Colorado driver's licenses and identification cards issued pursuant to article 2 of this title 42 or personal identifying information collected or stored by the department in order to issue driver's licenses or identification cards. The department of revenue shall require all such employees hired on or after April 15, 2010, to obtain a fingerprint-based criminal history record check prior to performing their official duties, and shall require all such employees hired before April 15, 2010, to obtain a fingerprint-based criminal history record check by July 1, 2011. The department may use this information to make employment decisions concerning such employees. Upon receipt of fingerprints and payment for the costs, the Colorado bureau of investigation shall conduct a state and national fingerprint-based criminal history record check utilizing records of the Colorado bureau of investigation and the federal bureau of investigation. The department shall be the authorized agency to receive information regarding the result of the national criminal history record check. The Colorado bureau of investigation shall charge the department a fee for record checks conducted pursuant to this section. The Colorado bureau of investigation shall set such fee at a level sufficient to cover the direct and indirect costs of Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 30 of 764 Uncertified Printout processing requests made pursuant to this section. Money collected by the bureau pursuant to this section is subject to annual appropriation by the general assembly for the administration of this section. (2) When the results of a fingerprint-based criminal history record check of a person performed pursuant to this section reveal a record of arrest without a disposition, the department shall require the person to submit to a name-based criminal history record check, as defined in section 22-2-119.3 (6)(d). The department shall pay the costs associated with a name-based criminal history record check. Source: L. 2010: Entire section added, (HB 10-1011), ch. 110, p. 367, § 1, effective April 15. L. 2019: Entire section amended, (HB 19-1166), ch. 125, p. 558, § 51, effective April 18. 42-1-225. Commercial vehicle enterprise tax fund - creation. (1) The commercial vehicle enterprise tax fund is hereby created in the state treasury. The fund consists of moneys collected and transmitted to the fund pursuant to section 42-4-1701 (4)(a)(II). The general assembly shall annually appropriate the moneys in the fund to cover the actual cost of administering sections 39-26-113.5 and 39-30-104 (1)(b), C.R.S. Moneys in the fund are continuously appropriated to the department of revenue for the payment of sales and use tax refunds pursuant to section 39-26-113.5, C.R.S. After receiving the statement pursuant to section 39-30-104 (1)(b)(VI), C.R.S., the state treasurer shall credit the total cost of the amount of the tax credits stated therein to the general fund. Any moneys remaining in the commercial vehicle enterprise tax fund at the end of the fiscal year shall not revert to the general fund. (2) (a) On July 1, 2011, and each July 1 thereafter, the department shall allocate onethird of the fund balance, not including the amount appropriated to cover the actual cost of administering sections 39-26-113.5 and 39-30-104 (1)(b), C.R.S., to make the sales tax refunds granted in section 39-26-113.5, C.R.S. (b) On July 1, 2011, and each July 1 thereafter, the department shall allocate two-thirds of the fund balance, not including the amount appropriated to cover the actual cost of administering sections 39-26-113.5 and 39-30-104 (1)(b), C.R.S., to offset the income tax credit granted in section 39-30-104 (1)(b), C.R.S. By January 1, 2012, the department shall notify the Colorado economic development commission created in section 24-46-102, C.R.S., of the amount allocated for such purposes. Source: L. 2010: Entire section added, (HB 10-1285), ch. 423, p. 2187, § 1, effective July 1. L. 2012: (1) amended, (SB 12-041), ch. 165, p. 576, § 1, effective May 9. 42-1-226. Disabled parking education and enforcement fund - created. There is hereby created in the state treasury the disabled parking education and enforcement fund, which consists of moneys collected pursuant to this section and section 42-4-1208 (6) and (7). The general assembly shall appropriate the moneys in the fund for the purposes specified in sections 42-1-227, 42-3-204, and 42-4-1208. Unexpended and unencumbered moneys in the fund at the end of a fiscal year shall remain in the fund and shall not be credited or transferred to the general fund or another fund. The department may accept gifts, grants, or donations from private or public sources for the purposes of this section. All private and public funds received through Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 31 of 764 Uncertified Printout gifts, grants, or donations shall be transmitted to the state treasurer, who shall credit the moneys to the fund. Source: L. 2010: Entire section added, (HB 10-1019), ch. 400, p. 1917, § 1, effective January 1, 2011. 42-1-227. Disabled parking education program. (1) Subject to the availability of funds appropriated to the department of human services pursuant to section 42-1-226, the Colorado advisory council for persons with disabilities, created in section 26-24-103: (a) May make grants or develop, implement, or deliver education programs for the purpose of providing peace officers, local governments, medical providers, drivers, and persons with disabilities with education concerning eligibility standards for reserved parking available to a person with a disability affecting mobility, appropriate use of the reserved parking, the legal standards and violations contained in sections 42-3-204 and 42-4-1208, and the advantages of creating a volunteer enforcement program; and (b) Shall create or make available a training program to assist professionals in understanding the standards that need to be met to obtain an identifying license plate or placard. (2) (a) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (1) of this section, beginning January 1, 2019, and continuing through June 30, 2020, unless otherwise provided for in subsection (2)(d) of this section, the department of human services, referred to in this section as the "department", shall designate a Colorado nonprofit organization, referred to in this subsection (2) as "nonprofit organization", to perform the duties and responsibilities set forth in subsections (1)(a) and (1)(b) of this section concerning the disabled parking education program. The department is authorized to appropriate any money appropriated pursuant to section 42-1226 to the nonprofit organization designated pursuant to subsection (2)(b) of this section, and shall distribute such money to the designated nonprofit organization on or before November 1, 2018. (b) On or before September 1, 2018, an interested nonprofit organization shall submit an application to the department to become the designated nonprofit organization. On or before October 1, 2018, the department shall designate a single nonprofit organization to administer the disabled parking education program, after consideration of the following criteria: (I) Whether more than fifty percent of the nonprofit organization's board has a disability; (II) Whether more than thirty-three percent of the nonprofit organization's board qualifies for disabled parking; (III) Whether more than thirty-three percent of the nonprofit organization's board has marketing or advertising experience; (IV) Whether the nonprofit organization's board has a disabled veteran; (V) The level of the nonprofit organization's subject matter expertise; and (VI) The nonprofit organization's willingness to provide in-kind or other contributions to the disabled parking education program. (c) On or before December 1, 2019, the Colorado advisory council for persons with disabilities, created in section 26-24-103, shall make a recommendation to the department concerning whether or not the designated nonprofit organization must continue to administer the disabled parking education program. On or before December 31, 2019, the department shall determine whether to continue to designate the nonprofit organization as the entity to administer Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 32 of 764 Uncertified Printout the disabled parking education program; however, under no circumstance may the designation continue after July 1, 2020. (d) No later than one month following the termination of the contract with the designated nonprofit organization pursuant to subsection (2)(c) of this section, the department shall distribute the money appropriated to it for the disabled parking education program pursuant to subsection (2)(a) of this section to the Colorado advisory council for persons with disabilities for the purposes of this section for the continued implementation of this section. Source: L. 2010: Entire section added, (HB 10-1019), ch. 400, p. 1917, § 1, effective January 1, 2011. L. 2014: (1)(a) amended, (HB 14-1029), ch. 252, p. 990, § 1, effective July 1. L. 2018: IP(1) amended and (2) added, (HB 18-1364), ch. 351, p. 2083, § 10, effective July 1. 42-1-228. Revocation hearings - right of driver to challenge validity of initial traffic stop. In any administrative proceeding for a revocation of a driver's license pursuant to article 2 of this title, where the hearing officer is engaged in finding facts and applying law for an incident or offense reported directly to the department by a law enforcement officer, and where the revocation was not triggered in whole or in part by a record of a conviction, the driver may challenge the validity of the law enforcement officer's initial contact with the driver and subsequent arrest of the driver. If a driver so challenges the validity of the law enforcement officer's initial contact, and the evidence does not establish that the initial contact or arrest was constitutionally and statutorily valid, the driver is not subject to license revocation. Source: L. 2013: Entire section added, (HB 13-1077), ch. 196, p. 798, § 2, effective May 11. L. 2015: Entire section amended, (HB 15-1073), ch. 92, p. 263, § 2, effective August 5. 42-1-229. Report - repeal. (Repealed) Source: L. 2014: Entire section added, (SB 14-087), ch. 306, p. 1297, § 1, effective August 6. L. 2017: (2) added, (HB 17-1137), ch. 45, p. 135, § 7, effective August 9. Editor's note: Subsection (2) provided for the repeal of this section, effective July 2, 2018. (See L. 2017, p. 135.) 42-1-230. Exceptions processing - rules. Beginning September 1, 2014, the department of revenue shall provide the opportunity for exceptions processing in person at a minimum of four regional offices that are actually operated by the department of revenue and that issue driver's licenses. The department shall promulgate rules to implement exceptions processing for documents issued under parts 1, 2, 3, and 5 of article 2 of this title. The department shall not use exceptions processing for noncitizens to establish lawful status in the United States. Source: L. 2014: Entire section added, (SB 14-194), ch. 346, p. 1543, § 5, effective June 5. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 33 of 764 Uncertified Printout 42-1-231. Kiosk pilot program - repeal. (1) An authorized agent may conduct a kiosk pilot program using a private provider to provide services concerning motor vehicle registration, issuing certificates of title, or issuing driver's licenses, using the offices of an authorized agent. (2) (a) The authorized agent may use a competitive bid process to select the private provider. (b) The authorized agent may assess a convenience fee, not to exceed three dollars, for the services provided in the kiosk pilot program. The authorized agent may authorize the private provider to retain a portion or all of the convenience fee. (3) (a) The department may accept financial assistance from an authorized agent or a private party to implement this program, so long as the financial assistance is directly related to the kiosk pilot program and does not stipulate a condition that conflicts with state law. (b) Repealed. (c) (I) The department shall transfer any money accepted under this subsection (3) to the state treasurer, who shall credit it to the Colorado DRIVES vehicle services account created in section 42-1-211. The department shall use any money accepted under this subsection (3) to implement this section. (II) (A) This subsection (3)(c) takes effect July 1, 2019. (B) This subsection (3)(c)(II) is repealed, effective July 1, 2020. (4) To implement this pilot program, the authorized agent and the department of revenue shall coordinate with each other to ensure that the pilot program will operate successfully and in accordance with state law. (5) Any private provider participating in the kiosk pilot program is not excluded from any competitive bid process associated with motor vehicle registration, issuing certificates of title, or issuing driver's licenses. Source: L. 2016: Entire section added, (SB 16-138), ch. 162, p. 513, § 1, effective August 10. L. 2017: (3) amended, (HB 17-1107), ch. 101, p. 366, § 8, effective August 9. L. 2018: (3)(b)(II) and (3)(c)(II) amended, (SB 18-253), ch. 293, p. 1799, § 2, effective May 29. Editor's note: Subsection (3)(b)(II) provided for the repeal of subsection (3)(b), effective July 1, 2019. (See L. 2018, p. 1799.) 42-1-232. VIN inspection pilot program - rules - repeal. (1) For the purposes of this section: (a) "Chief" means the chief of the Colorado state patrol. (b) "Convicted" includes a conviction of, or pleading guilty or nolo contendere to, a violation of the law. (c) "Permit" means authority for an organization to employ people to verify information, including a VIN, that may be required to register a commercial vehicle under article 3 of this title 42 or to be issued a certificate of title under article 6 of this title 42. (d) "VIN" means vehicle identification number. (2) By January 1, 2018, the chief shall create a pilot program that authorizes a transportation association or organization to verify commercial vehicle information, including a VIN, as a vehicle-related entity if the transportation association or organization demonstrates to the satisfaction of the chief that it and any individuals it may employ to verify information meet Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 34 of 764 Uncertified Printout the requirements of this section and any rules promulgated to implement this section. Upon determining that a transportation association or organization meets the requirements of this section and any rules promulgated to implement this section, the chief may issue a permit to the applicant. (3) To be issued a permit to verify information, including a VIN, as a vehicle-related entity, an applicant must: (a) Employ verifiers who demonstrate knowledge of the process and standards and who have not been convicted of violating article 4 of title 18 within the last ten years; (b) Submit the name, background, experience, location of operation, contact information, and any other information required by the chief of each employed verifier; (c) Furnish evidence of a savings account or deposit in a certificate of deposit meeting the requirements of section 11-35-101 or a surety bond that: (I) Holds harmless any person who suffers loss or damage arising from the issuance of a certificate of title that included a verification done by the permit holder; and (II) Is in the amount of at least ten thousand dollars. (4) A vehicle-related entity shall not employ a verifier until the chief has approved the verifier. The permit holder shall submit to the chief the name, background, experience, location of operation, contact information, and any other information required by the chief of each verifier. Within seven days after ceasing to employ a verifier, the vehicle-related entity shall notify the chief that the individual no longer verifies information for the vehicle-related entity. (5) A vehicle-related entity shall not charge more than twenty-five dollars per transaction to verify information. (6) The chief may deny or cancel a permit for: (a) Failing to comply with this section; (b) Failing to maintain in full force the savings account, deposit in a certificate of deposit, or surety bond required by subsection (3) of this section; (c) Misrepresentations in applying for a permit; (d) Being convicted under, or employing a verifier who is convicted under, article 4 of title 18; (e) Incompetence or failing to adequately verify information, including a VIN, as a vehicle-related entity. (7) The chief may promulgate rules reasonably necessary to implement this section, including establishing application procedures and any required forms and establishing procedures, in compliance with article 4 of title 24, for canceling a permit. The chief may summarily suspend a permit for up to sixty days pending a hearing to cancel a permit if the chief determines that irreparable harm may occur if the permit holder continues to verify information, including a VIN, as a vehicle-related entity. (8) For the purposes of verifying information in accordance with articles 1 to 5 of this title 42, a permit holder is a vehicle-related entity. (9) This section is repealed, effective January 1, 2020. Source: L. 2017: Entire section added, (HB 17-1105), ch. 44, p. 130, § 4, effective March 16. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 35 of 764 Uncertified Printout 42-1-233. Expedited registration program - private vendor providing services to register Class A commercial vehicles - rules. (1) Beginning January 1, 2019, the department shall create and implement an expedited registration program. The expedited registration program authorizes private providers to register commercial vehicles that are classified as Class A personal property in section 42-3-106. This includes collecting and remitting the taxes and fees for the registration to the department. (2) (a) The department shall promulgate rules authorizing a private provider to participate in the expedited registration program if the provider: (I) Has been approved by the department; (II) Uses software that is approved by the department to calculate the amount of taxes and fees imposed in this title 42 and that is updated regularly to take into account any changes to the taxes and fees imposed in this title 42; and (III) Procures and files with the department evidence of any of the following in an amount determined by rule by the department: (A) A savings account, deposit, or certificate of deposit meeting the requirements of section 11-35-101; or (B) A bond issued by a licensed corporate surety. (b) The financial commitment required in subsection (2)(a)(III) of this section must provide for the reimbursement of any damages caused to the state of Colorado, a political subdivision of Colorado, or the owner of personal property registered through the expedited registration program by an act or omission of the private provider. (c) A private provider may collect and retain a convenience fee for the services provided in the expedited registration program. (3) (a) The department may accept financial assistance from a private party to implement the expedited registration program if the financial assistance is directly related to the expedited registration program and is not conditional upon an act or circumstance that conflicts with state law. (b) The department shall transfer any money accepted under this subsection (3) to the state treasurer, who shall credit it to the Colorado DRIVES vehicle services account created in section 42-1-211 (2)(b)(I). (c) The department shall use any money accepted under this subsection (3) to implement this section. (4) To implement the expedited registration program, the department shall ensure that the expedited registration program: (a) Operates efficiently; (b) Provides additional services or increases the speed or quality of services at an overall cost savings to the state; and (c) Registers commercial vehicles and collects and remits taxes and fees in compliance with state law. (5) To implement this section, the department may promulgate rules in addition to the rules required under subsection (2)(a) of this section and may enter into contracts with private providers. (6) Subject to article 4 of title 24, the department may approve, deny approval, suspend approval, or revoke approval of a private provider who: (a) Violates the law in the provision of services approved under this section; Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 36 of 764 Uncertified Printout (b) Makes a material misstatement to the department or any county in seeking approval to provide expedited registration services; (c) Fails to comply with this section or any rules promulgated under this section; or (d) Fails to satisfactorily provide expedited registration services or to collect or remit appropriate taxes and fees. Source: L. 2018: Entire section added, (HB 18-1042), ch. 375, p. 2277, § 1, effective August 8. 42-1-234. Electronic vehicle registration and titling - electronic transmission of vehicle lien information - authority - rules - cash fund - gifts, grants, and donations. (1) (a) The department may establish a system to allow the electronic transmission of registration, lien, and titling information for motor vehicles, off-highway vehicles, or special mobile machinery. Except as provided in subsection (3) of this section, the department may adopt rules necessary for the implementation of this section, including rules to allow the department to: (I) Maintain titling information electronically and to produce paper titles only upon request of a party; (II) Accept electronic signatures on any documents, including title transfers, odometer disclosures, and powers of attorney, required to issue a certificate of title to a new owner; (III) Eliminate any notarization requirements for document signatures; (IV) Allow all parties to electronically file and release lien information; (V) Authorize approved third-party providers to: (A) Electronically process registration, lien, and titling information and transmit the information to the department as authorized by the department; (B) Order, manage, and distribute the department's license plate inventory to a client; and (C) Access, print, and distribute the department's registration information to a client on demand. (b) The department's approval of a third-party provider to register a vehicle or special mobile machinery, file or release liens, or issue any type of certificate of title must be evidenced by an agreement between the department and the third-party provider. (c) In registering a vehicle or special mobile machinery, filing or releasing liens, or issuing any type of certificate of title, the third-party provider is acting as an agent of the department. The third-party provider shall collect and remit to the department all taxes and fees imposed by law to issue any type of certificate of title, file or release a lien, or to register the vehicle or special mobile machinery. (d) A third-party provider may charge its clients a fee for each electronic registration transaction, lien transaction, or titling transaction. The client may charge a consumer the fee the client paid to the third-party provider if the fee charged to the consumer does not exceed the fee charged to the client. (e) The department shall ensure that the addresses of program participants under part 21 of article 30 of title 24 are not released to third-party providers or the clients of third-party providers. (2) The department is authorized to seek and accept gifts, grants, or donations from private or public sources, including from third-party providers, for the purposes of this section; Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 37 of 764 Uncertified Printout except that the department may not accept a gift, grant, or donation that is subject to conditions that are inconsistent with this section or any other law of the state. The department shall ensure that any funds contributed to the department for the implementation of the system for the electronic transmission of registration, lien, and titling information for motor vehicles, offhighway vehicles, and special mobile machinery are tracked separately and used only for the implementation of the system. (3) (a) The department need not promulgate rules, under subsection (1) of this section, that implement electronic transactions until the department receives adequate gifts, grants, or donations to implement the promulgated rules. The department may, upon receiving adequate gifts, grants, or donations, phase in implementation of this section as reasonable. The department shall not use money from the general fund to implement this section. (b) This subsection (3) does not affect any rules promulgated, or appropriations made, before July 1, 2019. Source: L. 2018: Entire section added with relocations, (HB 18-1299), ch. 297, p. 1809, § 4, effective July 1, 2019. Editor's note: This section is similar to former § 42-3-113.5 as it existed prior to 2019. 42-1-235. Electronic records, documents, and signatures. A record covered by article 3 of this title 42, including a signature on the record or document, may not be denied legal effect, validity, or enforceability solely because it is in the form of an electronic record, document, or signature. Except as otherwise provided in article 3 of this title 42, if a rule of law requires a record to be in writing or provides consequences if it is not, an electronic record satisfies that rule of law. This section applies to and in a court of law. For a record, document, or signature to be legally effective, valid, or enforceable, a person need not obtain a written power of attorney solely because the record, document, or signature is in an electronic form. Source: L. 2018: Entire section added with relocations, (HB 18-1299), ch. 297, p. 1811, § 6, effective July 1, 2019; entire section amended, (SB 18-255), ch. 405, p. 2387, § 3, effective July 1, 2019. Editor's note: (1) This section is similar to former § 42-6-102 (5)(b) as it existed prior to 2019. (2) Section 4 of chapter 405 (SB 18-255), Session Laws of Colorado 2018, provides that the act changing this section takes effect only if HB 18-1299 becomes law and takes effect upon the effective date of HB 18-1299. HB 18-1299 became law and has an effective date of July 1, 2019. PART 3 GREEN TRUCK GRANT PROGRAM 42-1-301 to 42-1-305. (Repealed) Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 38 of 764 Uncertified Printout Source: L. 2012: Entire part repealed, (HB 12-1315), ch. 224, p. 984, § 55, effective July 1. Editor's note: This part 3 was added in 2009 and was not amended prior to its repeal in 2012. For the text of this part 3 prior to 2012, consult the 2011 Colorado Revised Statutes and the Colorado statutory research explanatory note beginning on page vii in the front of this volume. PART 4 LICENSE PLATE AUCTIONS 42-1-401 to 42-1-407. (Repealed) Source: L. 2016: Entire part repealed, (HB 16-1362), ch. 319, p. 1296, § 2, effective August 10. Editor's note: This part 4 was added in 2011. For amendments to this part 4 prior to its repeal in 2016, consult the 2015 Colorado Revised Statutes and the Colorado statutory research explanatory note beginning on page vii in the front of this volume. This part 4 was relocated to part 22 of article 30 of title 24. Former C.R.S. section numbers are shown in editor's notes following those sections that were relocated. DRIVERS' LICENSES ARTICLE 2 Drivers' Licenses Cross references: For disposition of fines and penalties under parts 1, 2, and 4 of this article, see § 42-1-217. PART 1 DRIVERS' LICENSES Cross references: For the short title of this part 1 ("Uniform Safety Code of 1935"), see § 42-4-101. Law reviews: For article, "There Must Be Fifty Ways to Lose Your (Driver's) License", see 22 Colo. Law. 2385 (1993). 42-2-101. Licenses for drivers required. (1) Except as otherwise provided in part 4 of this article for commercial drivers, no person shall drive any motor vehicle upon a highway in Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 39 of 764 Uncertified Printout this state unless such person has been issued a currently valid driver's or minor driver's license or an instruction permit by the department under this article. (2) No person shall drive any motor vehicle upon a highway in this state if such person's driver's or minor driver's license has been expired for one year or less and such person has not been issued another such license by the department or by another state or country subsequent to such expiration. (3) No person shall drive any motor vehicle upon a highway in this state unless such person has in his or her immediate possession a current driver's or minor driver's license or an instruction permit issued by the department under this article. (4) No person who has been issued a currently valid driver's or minor driver's license or an instruction permit shall drive a type or general class of motor vehicle upon a highway in this state for which such person has not been issued the correct type or general class of license or permit. (5) No person who has been issued a currently valid driver's or minor driver's license or an instruction permit shall operate a motor vehicle upon a highway in this state without having such license or permit in such person's immediate possession. (6) A charge of a violation of subsection (2) of this section shall be dismissed by the court if the defendant elects not to pay the penalty assessment and, at or before the defendant's scheduled court appearance, exhibits to the court a currently valid driver's or minor driver's license. (7) A charge of a violation of subsection (5) of this section shall be dismissed by the court if the defendant elects not to pay the penalty assessment and, at or before the defendant's scheduled court appearance, exhibits to the court a currently valid license or permit issued to such person or an officially issued duplicate thereof if the original is lost, stolen, or destroyed. (8) The conduct of a driver of a motor vehicle which would otherwise constitute a violation of this section is justifiable and not unlawful when: (a) It is necessary as an emergency measure to avoid an imminent public or private injury which is about to occur by reason of a situation occasioned or developed through no conduct of said driver and which is of sufficient gravity that, according to ordinary standards of intelligence and morality, the desirability and urgency of avoiding the injury clearly outweigh the desirability of avoiding the injury sought to be prevented by this section; or (b) The applicable conditions for exemption, as set forth in section 42-2-102, exist. (9) The issue of justification or exemption is an affirmative defense. As used in this subsection (9), "affirmative defense" means that, unless the state's evidence raises the issue involving the particular defense, the defendant, to raise the issue, shall present some credible evidence on that issue. If the issue involved in an affirmative defense is raised, then the liability of the defendant must be established beyond a reasonable doubt as to that issue as well as all other elements of the traffic infraction. (10) Any person who violates any provision of subsection (1) or (4) of this section is guilty of a class 2 misdemeanor traffic offense. Any person who violates any provision of subsection (2), (3), or (5) of this section commits a class B traffic infraction. (11) Notwithstanding any law to the contrary, a second or subsequent conviction under subsection (1) or (4) of this section, when a person receiving such conviction has not subsequently obtained a valid Colorado driver's license or the correct type or general class of Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 40 of 764 Uncertified Printout license, shall result in the assessment by the department of six points against the driving privilege of the person receiving such second or subsequent conviction. Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2114, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. L. 2000: (1) to (6) amended, p. 1349, § 14, effective July 1, 2001. 42-2-102. Persons exempt from license. (1) The following persons need not obtain a Colorado driver's license: (a) Any person who operates a federally owned military motor vehicle while serving in the armed forces of the United States; (b) Any person who temporarily drives or operates any road machine, farm tractor, or other implement of husbandry on a highway; (c) Any nonresident who is at least sixteen years of age and who has in his or her immediate possession a valid driver's license issued to such nonresident by his or her state or country of residence. A nonresident who is at least sixteen years of age and whose state or country of residence does not require the licensing of drivers may operate a motor vehicle as a driver for not more than ninety days in any calendar year, if said nonresident is the owner of the vehicle driven and if the motor vehicle so operated is duly registered in such nonresident's state or country of residence and such nonresident has in his or her immediate possession a registration card evidencing such ownership and registration in his or her own state or country. (d) A nonresident on active duty in the armed forces of the United States if that person has in his or her possession a valid driver's license issued by such nonresident's state of domicile or, if returning from duty outside the United States, has a valid driver's license in his or her possession issued by the armed forces of the United States in foreign countries, but such armed forces license shall be valid only for a period of forty-five days after the licensee has returned to the United States; (e) The spouse of a member of the armed forces of the United States who is accompanying such member on military or naval assignment to this state, who has a valid driver's license issued by another state, and whose right to drive has not been suspended or revoked in this state; (f) Any nonresident who is temporarily residing in Colorado for the principal purpose of furthering such nonresident's education, is at least sixteen years of age, has a valid driver's license from his or her state of residence, and is considered a nonresident for tuition purposes by the educational institution at which such nonresident is furthering his or her education. (2) Any person who has in his or her possession a valid driver's license issued by such person's previous state of residence shall be exempt, for thirty days after becoming a resident of the state of Colorado, from obtaining a license, as provided in section 42-2-101. Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2115, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. 42-2-103. Motorcycles - low-power scooters - driver's license required. (1) (a) The department shall establish a motorcycle endorsement program for driver's licenses, minor driver's licenses, and instruction permits issued pursuant to this article. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 41 of 764 Uncertified Printout (b) The department shall require an applicant for a general motorcycle endorsement to demonstrate the applicant's ability to exercise ordinary and reasonable care and control in the operation of a motorcycle that is not an autocycle. The department shall also require an applicant for a limited three-wheel motorcycle endorsement to demonstrate the applicant's ability to exercise ordinary and reasonable care and control in the operation of a three-wheel motorcycle that is not an autocycle. (c) Except as provided in paragraph (e) of this subsection (1), a person shall not drive a two-wheel motorcycle on a roadway without a general motorcycle endorsement, but a person who possesses a general motorcycle endorsement may drive any motorcycle on the roadway. (d) Except as provided in subsection (1)(e) of this section, a person with only a limited three-wheel motorcycle endorsement may drive a three-wheel motorcycle that is not an autocycle but shall not drive a two-wheel motorcycle on a roadway. (e) The driver of a motorcycle need not obtain a two- or three-wheel motorcycle endorsement if the motorcycle is an autocycle or if the motorcycle has: (I) Three wheels; (II) A maximum design speed of twenty-five miles per hour or less; (III) A windshield; and (IV) Seat belts. (2) (a) An operator of a low-power scooter shall possess a valid driver's license or minor driver's license. (b) No low-power scooter shall be operated on any interstate system as described in section 43-2-101 (2), C.R.S., except where a bicycle may be operated on such interstate system, on any limited-access road of the state highway system as described in section 43-2-101 (1), C.R.S., or on any sidewalk, unless such operation is specifically designated. Low-power scooters may be operated upon roadways, except as provided in this section, and in bicycle lanes included within such roadways. (2.5) An operator of an autocycle shall possess a valid driver's license or minor driver's license. (3) A person who operates a motorcycle in violation of subsection (1) of this section commits the offense of driving a motor vehicle without the correct class of license in violation of section 42-2-101 (4) and shall be punished as provided in section 42-2-101 (10). Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2116, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. L. 2000: Entire section amended, p. 1349, § 15, effective July 1, 2001. L. 2008: Entire section amended, p. 79, § 1, effective July 1. L. 2009: (2) amended, (HB 09-1026), ch. 281, p. 1262, § 23, effective October 1. L. 2015: (1)(c) and (1)(d) amended and (1)(e) added, (HB 151345), ch. 330, p. 1346, § 1, effective August 5. L. 2017: (1)(b), (1)(d), and IP(1)(e) amended and (2.5) added, (HB 17-1044), ch. 72, p. 229, § 2, effective March 23. Editor's note: This section is similar to former § 42-2-102.5 as it existed prior to 1994, and the former § 42-2-103 was relocated to § 42-2-104. 42-2-104. Licenses issued - denied. (1) Except as otherwise provided in this article, the department may license the following persons in the manner prescribed in this article: (a) Any person twenty-one years of age or older, as a driver; Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 42 of 764 Uncertified Printout (b) (Deleted by amendment, L. 2000, p. 1348, § 11, effective July 1, 2001.) (c) Any person sixteen years of age or older who has not reached his or her twenty-first birthday, as a minor driver. (1.5) Repealed. (2) Except as otherwise provided in this article 2, the department shall not license a person to operate any motor vehicle in this state: (a) and (b) (Deleted by amendment, L. 2007, p. 504, § 2, effective July 1, 2007.) (b.5) While the person's privilege to drive is under restraint; (c) Who has been adjudged or determined by a court of competent jurisdiction to have an alcohol use disorder, as defined in section 27-81-102, or a substance use disorder, as defined in section 27-82-102, with respect to a controlled substance, as defined in section 18-18-102 (5); (d) Who has been adjudged or determined by a court of competent jurisdiction to be afflicted with or suffering from any mental disability or disease and who has not at the time of application been restored to competency in the manner prescribed by law. (3) The department shall not issue a license to: (a) Any person required by this article to take an examination until such person has successfully passed the examination; (b) Any person required under the provisions of any motor vehicle financial safety or responsibility law to deposit or furnish proof of financial responsibility until such person has deposited or furnished such proof; (c) Any person whose license is subject to suspension or revocation or who does not have a license but would be subject to suspension or revocation pursuant to section 42-2-125, 422-126, or 42-2-127; (d) Any person not submitting proof of age or proof of identity, or both, as required by the department; (e) A person whose presence in the United States is in violation of federal immigration laws; (f) A person who, while under the age of sixteen, was convicted of any offense that would have subjected the person to a revocation of driving privileges under section 42-2-125 for the period of such revocation if such person had possessed a driver's license. (4) (a) The department shall not issue a driver's license, including, without limitation, a temporary driver's license under section 42-2-106 (2), to a person under eighteen years of age unless the person has: (I) Applied for, been issued, and possessed an appropriate instruction permit for at least twelve months; and (II) Submitted a log or other written evidence on a standardized form approved by the department certifying that the person has completed not less than fifty hours of actual driving experience, of which not less than ten hours shall have been completed while driving at night, which form is signed by: (A) The person who signed the affidavit of liability; (B) The instructor of a driver's education course approved by the department; or (C) Any individual who is twenty-one years of age or older, who holds a valid driver's license, and who instructed the applicant if the applicant is a foster child. (b) In no event shall the department issue a minor driver's license to anyone under sixteen years of age. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 43 of 764 Uncertified Printout (5) The department shall not issue a driver's license to a person under sixteen years and six months of age unless the person has either: (a) Received a minimum of twelve hours of driving-behind-the-wheel training directed by a parent, a legal guardian, or an alternate permit supervisor, which training shall be in addition to the driving experience required by subsection (4) of this section, if no entity offers approved behind-the-wheel driver training at least twenty hours a week from a permanent location with an address that is within thirty miles of the permit holder's residence; or (b) Received a minimum of six hours of driving-behind-the-wheel training with a driving instructor employed or associated with an approved driver education course. (6) The department shall not issue a driver's license, minor driver's license, or instruction permit to an individual whose authorization to be present in the United States is temporary unless the individual applies under and complies with part 5 of this article. Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2116, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. L. 97: (3)(f) amended, p. 1537, § 5, effective July 1. L. 99: (3)(f) amended, p. 392, § 3, effective July 1; (4) amended, p. 1379, § 2, effective July 1. L. 2000: (1) amended and (1.5) added, p. 1348, § 11, effective July 1, 2001. L. 2003: (3)(f) amended, p. 1904, § 4, effective July 1. L. 2004: IP(4)(a) and (4)(a)(I) amended, p. 1264, § 2, effective July 1. L. 2005: (3)(f) amended, p. 640, § 2, effective May 27. L. 2006: IP(4)(a) and (4)(a)(II) amended, p. 733, § 1, effective July 1. L. 2007: (5) added, p. 588, § 2, effective April 20; IP(2), (2)(a), and (2)(b) amended and (2)(b.5) added, p. 504, § 2, effective July 1. L. 2010: IP(4)(a), (4)(a)(II), and (5) amended, (SB 10-015), ch. 60, p. 217, § 1, effective August 11. L. 2012: (2)(c) amended, (HB 12-1311), ch. 281, p. 1631, § 87, effective July 1. L. 2013: IP(3) and (3)(e) amended and (6) added, (SB 13-251), ch. 402, p. 2351, § 1, effective August 7. L. 2017: IP(2) and (2)(c) amended, (SB 17-242), ch. 263, p. 1380, § 305, effective May 25. L. 2019: (4)(a) amended, (HB 19-1023), ch. 239, p. 2364, § 3, effective August 2. Editor's note: (1) This section is similar to former § 42-2-103 as it existed prior to 1994, and the former § 42-2-104 was relocated to § 42-2-105. (2) Subsection (1.5)(b) provided for the repeal of subsection (1.5), effective July 1, 2006. (See L. 2000, p. 1348.) Cross references: For the legislative declaration contained in the 1999 act amending subsection (4), see section 1 of chapter 334, Session Laws of Colorado 1999. For the legislative declaration contained in the 2004 act amending the introductory portion to subsection (4)(a) and subsection (4)(a)(I), see section 1 of chapter 323, Session Laws of Colorado 2004. For the legislative declaration contained in the 2007 act enacting subsection (5), see section 1 of chapter 155, Session Laws of Colorado 2007. For the legislative declaration in SB 17-242, see section 1 of chapter 263, Session Laws of Colorado 2017. 42-2-105. Special restrictions on certain drivers. (1) A person under the age of eighteen years shall not drive any motor vehicle used to transport explosives or inflammable material or any motor vehicle used as a school vehicle for the transportation of pupils to or from school. A person under the age of eighteen years shall not drive a motor vehicle used as a commercial, private, or common carrier of persons or property unless such person has Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 44 of 764 Uncertified Printout experience in operating motor vehicles and has been examined on such person's qualifications in operating such vehicles. The examination shall include safety regulations of commodity hauling, and the driver shall be licensed as a driver or a minor driver who is eighteen years of age or older. (2) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (1) of this section, no person under the age of twenty-one years shall drive a commercial motor vehicle as defined in section 42-2-402 (4) except as provided in section 42-2-404 (4). (3) Any person who violates any provision of this section commits a class A traffic infraction. Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2117, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. L. 96: Entire section amended, p. 1355, § 1, effective July 1. L. 2002: (1) amended, p. 1034, § 73, effective June 1. L. 2010: (1) amended, (HB 10-1232), ch. 163, p. 572, § 11, effective April 28. Editor's note: This section is similar to former § 42-2-104 as it existed prior to 1994, and the former § 42-2-105 was relocated to § 42-2-106. Cross references: For the penalty for a class A traffic infraction, see § 42-4-1701 (3). 42-2-105.5. Restrictions on minor drivers under eighteen years of age - penalties legislative declaration. (1) The general assembly finds, determines, and declares that: (a) Teenage drivers, in order to become safe and responsible drivers, need behind-thewheel driving experience before they can begin to drive without restrictions; (b) Providing additional behind-the-wheel training with a parent, guardian, or other responsible adult before obtaining a minor driver's license is the beginning of the young driver's accumulation of experience; (c) Once a teenage driver begins to drive without a parent, guardian, or other responsible adult in the vehicle, it is necessary to place restrictions on a teenage driver who holds a minor driver's license until such driver turns eighteen years of age in order to give that driver time to exercise good judgment in the operation of a vehicle while keeping that driver, his or her passengers, and the public safe; (d) Penalties for the violation of these restrictions on minor drivers under eighteen years of age, including the assessment of points where they may not otherwise be assessed, should be sufficient to ensure that chronic violations would result in swift and severe repercussions to reinforce the importance of obeying the driving laws in order to keep the minor driver, his or her passengers, and the public safe. (2) Repealed. (3) Occupants in motor vehicles driven by persons under eighteen years of age shall be properly restrained or wear seat belts as required in sections 42-4-236 and 42-4-237. (4) No more than one passenger shall occupy the front seat of the motor vehicle driven by a person under eighteen years of age, and the number of passengers in the back seat of such vehicle shall not exceed the number of seat belts. (5) (a) Except as otherwise provided in paragraph (b) of this subsection (5), any person who violates this section commits a class A traffic infraction. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 45 of 764 Uncertified Printout (b) A violation of subsection (3) of this section is a traffic infraction, and, notwithstanding the provisions of section 42-4-1701 (4)(a)(I)(D), a person convicted of violating subsection (3) of this section shall be punished as follows: (I) By the imposition of not less than eight hours nor more than twenty-four hours of community service for a first offense and not less than sixteen hours nor more than forty hours of community service for a subsequent offense; (II) By the levying of a fine of not more than sixty-five dollars for a first offense, a fine of not more than one hundred thirty dollars for a second offense, and a fine of one hundred ninety-five dollars for a subsequent offense; and (III) By an assessment of two license suspension points pursuant to section 42-2-127 (5)(hh). Source: L. 99: Entire section added, p. 1379, § 3, effective July 1. L. 2005: (2) repealed, p. 334, § 3, effective July 1. L. 2006: (1)(c), (1)(d), (3), (4), and (5) amended, p. 438, § 1, effective July 1. L. 2008: (5)(b)(II) amended, p. 2086, § 3, effective July 1. Cross references: For the legislative declaration contained in the 1999 act enacting this section, see section 1 of chapter 334, Session Laws of Colorado 1999. 42-2-106. Instruction permits and temporary licenses. (1) (a) (I) A person who is sixteen years of age or older and who, except for the person's lack of instruction in operating a motor vehicle or motorcycle, would otherwise be qualified to obtain a license under this article may apply for a temporary instruction permit in accordance with sections 42-2-107 and 42-2108. The department shall issue a permit entitling an applicant, who is sixteen years of age or older but under eighteen years of age, while having the permit in the applicant's immediate possession, to drive a motor vehicle or motorcycle upon the highways when accompanied by the parent, stepparent, grandparent with power of attorney, or guardian or foster parent, who signed the affidavit of liability pursuant to section 42-2-108 (1)(a), who holds a valid Colorado driver's license, and who occupies the front seat in close proximity to the driver or, in the case of a motorcycle, under the immediate proximate supervision of a licensed driver, who holds a valid Colorado driver's license and is twenty-one years of age or older, authorized under this article to drive a motorcycle. In addition, the parent, stepparent, grandparent with power of attorney, or guardian or foster parent, who is authorized pursuant to this section to supervise the minor driver while the minor is driving, may allow the minor, while having the permit in the applicant's immediate possession, to drive with an individual who holds a valid driver's license and is twenty-one years of age or older for additional driving experience, but such additional driving experience shall not count toward the requirement established in section 42-2-104. The permit shall expire three years after issuance. The department shall issue a permit entitling the applicant, who is eighteen years of age or older, while having the permit in the applicant's immediate possession, to drive a motor vehicle or motorcycle upon the highways when accompanied by a driver, who holds a valid Colorado driver's license and is twenty-one years of age or older, who occupies the front seat of the motor vehicle, or if the vehicle is a motorcycle under the immediate proximate supervision of a driver, who is authorized under this article to drive a motorcycle. The permit shall expire three years after issuance. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 46 of 764 Uncertified Printout (II) If the parent, stepparent, grandparent with power of attorney, or guardian or foster parent, who signed the affidavit of liability pursuant to section 42-2-108 (1)(a), does not hold a valid Colorado driver's license, the parent, stepparent, grandparent with power of attorney, or guardian or foster parent may appoint an alternate permit supervisor. An alternate permit supervisor shall hold a valid Colorado driver's license and be twenty-one years of age or older or, if the vehicle is a motorcycle, is authorized under this article to drive a motorcycle. A minor who is issued a permit under this paragraph (a) may drive a motor vehicle, including a motorcycle, under the supervision of the alternate permit supervisor if the minor has the permit in the minor's immediate possession and the alternate permit supervisor occupies the front seat of the motor vehicle or, if the vehicle is a motorcycle, is in close proximity to the driver. (III) If the parent, stepparent, grandparent with power of attorney, or guardian or foster parent, who signed the affidavit of liability pursuant to section 42-2-108 (1)(a), does not hold a valid Colorado driver's license but holds a valid driver's license from another state and is authorized to drive a motor vehicle or motorcycle and has proper military identification, then the applicant, while having the permit in the applicant's immediate possession, shall be authorized to drive a motor vehicle, including a motorcycle, under the supervision of the parent, stepparent, grandparent with power of attorney, or guardian or foster parent, who cosigned the application for the minor's instruction permit, if the parent, stepparent, grandparent with power of attorney, or guardian or foster parent occupies the front seat of the motor vehicle or, if the vehicle is a motorcycle, is in close proximity to the driver while the minor is driving. (b) (I) A minor who is fifteen years of age or older and has completed a departmentapproved driver education course within the last six months may apply for a minor's instruction permit, pursuant to sections 42-2-107 and 42-2-108. Nothing in this subparagraph (I) shall require a minor who is fifteen years of age or older and in the foster care system to complete and present an affidavit of liability to register for a department-approved driver education course prior to applying for a minor's instruction permit. Upon presentation of a written or printed statement signed by the parent, stepparent, grandparent with power of attorney, or guardian or foster parent and the instructor of the driver education course that the minor has passed an approved driver education course, and a signed affidavit of liability pursuant to section 42-2-108, the department shall issue the permit entitling the applicant, while having the permit in the applicant's immediate possession, to drive a motor vehicle, including a motorcycle, under the supervision of the parent, stepparent, grandparent with power of attorney, or guardian or foster parent, who cosigned the application for the minor's instruction permit, if the parent, stepparent, grandparent with power of attorney, or guardian or foster parent holds a valid Colorado driver's license and occupies the front seat of the motor vehicle or, if the vehicle is a motorcycle, is authorized under this article to drive a motorcycle and is in close proximity to the driver while the minor is driving. In addition, the parent, stepparent, grandparent with power of attorney, or guardian or foster parent, who is authorized pursuant to this section to supervise the minor driver while the minor is driving, may allow the minor, while having the permit in the applicant's immediate possession, to drive with an individual who holds a valid driver's license and is twenty-one years of age or older for additional driving experience, but such additional driving experience shall not count toward the requirement established in section 42-2-104. The permit shall also entitle the applicant to drive a motor vehicle, including a motorcycle, that is marked to indicate that it is a motor vehicle used for instruction and that is properly equipped for instruction, upon the highways when accompanied by or under the supervision of an approved Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 47 of 764 Uncertified Printout driver education instructor who holds a valid Colorado driver's license. Driver education instructors giving instruction in motorcycle safety shall have a valid motorcycle driver's license from Colorado and shall have successfully completed an instruction program in motorcycle safety approved by the department. The permit shall expire three years after issuance. (II) If the parent, stepparent, grandparent with power of attorney, or guardian or foster parent, who signed the affidavit of liability pursuant to section 42-2-108 (1)(a), does not hold a valid Colorado driver's license, the parent, stepparent, grandparent with power of attorney, or guardian or foster parent may appoint an alternate permit supervisor. An alternate permit supervisor shall hold a valid Colorado driver's license and be twenty-one years of age or older or, if the vehicle is a motorcycle, is authorized under this article to drive a motorcycle. A minor who is issued a permit under this paragraph (b) may drive a motor vehicle, including a motorcycle, under the supervision of the alternate permit supervisor if the minor has the permit in the minor's immediate possession and the alternate permit supervisor occupies the front seat of the motor vehicle or, if the vehicle is a motorcycle, is in close proximity to the driver. (III) If the parent, stepparent, grandparent with power of attorney, or guardian or foster parent, who signed the affidavit of liability pursuant to section 42-2-108 (1)(a), does not hold a valid Colorado driver's license but holds a valid driver's license from another state and is authorized to drive a motor vehicle or motorcycle and has proper military identification, then the applicant, while having the permit in the applicant's immediate possession, shall be authorized to drive a motor vehicle, including a motorcycle, under the supervision of the parent, stepparent, grandparent with power of attorney, or guardian or foster parent, who cosigned the application for the minor's instruction permit, if the parent, stepparent, grandparent with power of attorney, or guardian or foster parent occupies the front seat of the motor vehicle or, if the vehicle is a motorcycle, is in close proximity to the driver while the minor is driving. (c) A person sixteen years of age or older who, except for his or her lack of instruction in operating a motorcycle would otherwise be qualified to obtain a driver's license under this article to drive a motorcycle may apply for a temporary instruction permit, pursuant to sections 42-2107 and 42-2-108. The department shall issue the permit entitling the applicant, while having the permit in the applicant's immediate possession, to drive a motorcycle upon the highways while under the immediate supervision of a licensed driver, who holds a valid Colorado driver's license and is twenty-one years of age or older, authorized under this article to drive a motorcycle. The permit shall expire three years after issuance. (d) (I) A minor fifteen and one-half years of age but less than sixteen years of age who has completed a four-hour prequalification driver awareness program approved by the department may apply for a minor's instruction permit pursuant to sections 42-2-107 and 42-2108. Upon presenting a written or printed statement signed by the parent, stepparent, grandparent with power of attorney, or guardian or foster parent of the applicant and documentation that the minor completed the driver awareness program, the department shall issue a permit entitling the applicant, while having the permit in the applicant's immediate possession, to drive a motor vehicle, including a motorcycle, under the supervision of the parent, stepparent, grandparent with power of attorney, or guardian or foster parent, who cosigned the application for the minor's instruction permit, if the parent, stepparent, grandparent with power of attorney, or guardian or foster parent holds a valid Colorado driver's license and occupies the front seat of the motor vehicle or, if the vehicle is a motorcycle, is authorized under this article to drive a motorcycle and is in close proximity to the driver while he or she is driving. In addition, the parent, Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 48 of 764 Uncertified Printout stepparent, grandparent with power of attorney, or guardian or foster parent, who is authorized pursuant to this section to supervise the minor driver while the minor is driving, may allow the minor, while having the permit in the applicant's immediate possession, to drive with an individual who holds a valid driver's license and is twenty-one years of age or older for additional driving experience, but such additional driving experience shall not count toward the requirement established in section 42-2-104. The permit shall expire three years after issuance. (II) If the parent, stepparent, grandparent with power of attorney, or guardian or foster parent, who signed the affidavit of liability pursuant to section 42-2-108 (1)(a), does not hold a valid Colorado driver's license, the parent, stepparent, grandparent with power of attorney, or guardian or foster parent may appoint an alternate permit supervisor. An alternate permit supervisor shall hold a valid Colorado driver's license and be twenty-one years of age or older or, if the vehicle is a motorcycle, is authorized under this article to drive a motorcycle. A minor who is issued a permit under this paragraph (d) may drive a motor vehicle, including a motorcycle, under the supervision of the alternate permit supervisor if the minor has the permit in the minor's immediate possession and the alternate permit supervisor occupies the front seat of the motor vehicle or, if the vehicle is a motorcycle, is in close proximity to the driver. (III) If the parent, stepparent, grandparent with power of attorney, or guardian or foster parent, who signed the affidavit of liability pursuant to section 42-2-108 (1)(a), does not hold a valid Colorado driver's license but holds a valid driver's license from another state and is authorized to drive a motor vehicle or motorcycle and has proper military identification, then the applicant, while having the permit in the applicant's immediate possession, shall be authorized to drive a motor vehicle, including a motorcycle, under the supervision of the parent, stepparent, grandparent with power of attorney, or guardian or foster parent, who cosigned the application for the minor's instruction permit, if the parent, stepparent, grandparent with power of attorney, or guardian or foster parent occupies the front seat of the motor vehicle or, if the vehicle is a motorcycle, is in close proximity to the driver while the minor is driving. (e) Repealed. (f) Notwithstanding paragraphs (a) to (d) of this subsection (1), a temporary instruction permit to operate a commercial motor vehicle as defined in section 42-2-402 shall expire one year after issuance. (g) A person who qualifies for a permit under subsection (1)(a), (1)(b), (1)(c), or (1)(d) of this section and who has a disability that requires the person to use a special vehicle or qualifies the person for parking privileges under section 42-3-204 may apply for an instruction permit in accordance with the subsection under which the person qualifies for a permit. Upon determining that a person is qualified for the permit, the department shall issue a permit entitling an applicant to drive a motor vehicle or motorcycle upon the highways in accordance with the requirements of the subsection under which the person qualifies for the permit and any further requirements the department may reasonably require due to the person's disability. The permit expires three years after issuance. (h) Notwithstanding subsections (1)(b) to (1)(d) of this section, a foster child to obtain an instruction permit under subsections (1)(b) to (1)(d) of this section may drive with any person who: (I) Holds a valid driver's license; (II) Is at least twenty-one years of age; and Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 49 of 764 Uncertified Printout (III) Occupies the front passenger seat, in close proximity to the foster child, for the purposes of instruction. (2) (a) The department, in its discretion, may issue a temporary driver's license to an applicant, who is not a first time applicant in Colorado or who is under eighteen years of age and is accompanied by a responsible party meeting the requirements of section 42-2-108 (1), for a minor driver's or driver's license which will permit such applicant to operate a motor vehicle while the department completes its verification of all facts relative to such applicant's right to receive a minor driver's or driver's license. (b) The department shall issue a temporary driver's license to a first time applicant in Colorado for a minor driver's or driver's license that will permit such applicant to operate a motor vehicle while the department completes its verification of all facts relative to such applicant's right to receive a minor driver's or driver's license including the age, identity, and residency of the applicant, unless such applicant is under eighteen years of age and is accompanied by a responsible adult meeting the requirements of section 42-2-108 (1). Such verification shall include a comparison of existing driver's license and identification card images in department files with the applicant's images to ensure such applicant has only one identity. (c) A temporary license is valid for up to one year as determined by the department, unless extended by the department, and must be in such applicant's immediate possession while operating a motor vehicle. It shall be invalid when the permanent license has been issued or has been refused for good cause. (3) Any person who violates any provision of this section commits a class A traffic infraction. Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2118, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. L. 96: Entire section amended, p. 1355, § 2, effective July 1. L. 99: (1)(a) and (1)(b) amended, p. 1380, § 4, effective July 1. L. 2000: (2) amended, p. 1348, § 12, effective July 1, 2001. L. 2001: (2) amended, p. 937, § 1, effective July 1. L. 2004: (1)(a) and (1)(b) amended and (1)(d) and (1)(e) added, p. 1265, § 3, effective July 1. L. 2005: (1)(b), (1)(c), and (1)(d) amended, p. 641, § 3, effective May 27. L. 2006: (1)(b) and (1)(d) amended, p. 582, § 1, effective April 24; (1)(a), (1)(b), (1)(c), and (1)(d) amended, p. 733, § 2, effective July 1. L. 2007: (1)(b)(I) amended, p. 589, § 3, effective April 20. L. 2008: (1)(f) added, p. 474, § 3, effective July 1. L. 2009: (1) amended, (HB 09-1026), ch. 281, p. 1262, § 24, effective October 1. L. 2010: (1)(b)(I) amended, (HB 10-1059), ch. 38, p. 156, § 1, effective August 11. L. 2017: (1)(g) added, (SB 17-286), ch. 388, p. 2007, § 1, effective August 9. L. 2019: (1)(h) added, (HB 19-1023), ch. 239, p. 2364, § 4, effective August 2. Editor's note: (1) This section is similar to former § 42-2-105 as it existed prior to 1994, and the former § 42-2-106 was relocated to § 42-2-107. (2) Subsection (1)(e)(II) provided for the repeal of subsection (1)(e), effective July 1, 2006. (See L. 2004, p. 1265.) (3) Amendments to subsections (1)(b) and (1)(d) by Senate Bill 06-083 and House Bill 06-1107 were harmonized. Cross references: (1) For the penalty for a class A traffic infraction, see § 42-4-1701 (3). Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 50 of 764 Uncertified Printout (2) For the legislative declaration contained in the 1999 act amending subsections (1)(a) and (1)(b), see section 1 of chapter 334, Session Laws of Colorado 1999. For the legislative declaration contained in the 2004 act amending subsections (1)(a) and (1)(b) and enacting subsections (1)(d) and (1)(e), see section 1 of chapter 323, Session Laws of Colorado 2004. For the legislative declaration contained in the 2007 act amending subsection (1)(b)(I), see section 1 of chapter 155, Session Laws of Colorado 2007. 42-2-107. Application for license or instruction permit - anatomical gifts - donations to Emily Keyes - John W. Buckner organ and tissue donation awareness fund - legislative declaration - rules - annual report - repeal. (1) (a) (I) To be acceptable, every application for an instruction permit or for a driver's or minor driver's license must be made upon forms furnished by the department and accompanied by the required fee. The department shall set the fee in accordance with section 42-2-114.5 (2). The department shall transfer the fee to the state treasurer, who shall credit it to the licensing services cash fund created in section 42-2-114.5 (1). Every applicant shall submit with the application proof of age or proof of identity, or both, as the department may require. (II) If an applicant is applying for an instruction permit or driver's or minor driver's license for the first time in Colorado and the applicant otherwise meets the requirements for such license or permit, the applicant shall receive a temporary license or instruction permit pursuant to section 42-2-106 (2) until the department verifies all facts relative to such applicant's right to receive an instruction permit or minor driver's or driver's license including the age, identity, and residency of the applicant. (b) (I) An applicant who submits proof of age or proof of identity issued by an entity other than a state or the United States shall also submit such proof as the department may require that the applicant is lawfully present in the United States. (II) An applicant who submits, as proof of age or proof of identity, a driver's license or identification card issued by a state that issues drivers' licenses or identification cards to persons who are not lawfully present in the United States shall also submit such proof as the department may require that the applicant is lawfully present in the United States. (c) The department shall not issue a driver's or minor driver's license to a person who is not lawfully present in the United States. (d) The department may not issue a driver's or minor driver's license to any person who is not a resident of the state of Colorado. The department shall issue such a license only upon the furnishing of such evidence of residency as the department may require. (2) (a) [Editor's note: This version of subsection (2)(a) is effective until January 1, 2020.] (I) Every application shall state the full name, date of birth, sex, and residence address of the applicant; briefly describe the applicant; be signed by the applicant with such applicant's usual signature; have affixed thereon the applicant's fingerprint; and state whether the licensee has ever been licensed as a minor driver or driver and, if so, when and by what state or country and whether any such license has ever been denied, suspended, or revoked, the reasons therefor, and the date thereof. These statements shall be verified by the applicant's signature thereon. (II) In addition to the information required by subparagraph (I) of this paragraph (a), every application shall include the opportunity for the applicant to self-identify his or her race or ethnicity. The race or ethnicity information that may be identified on the application shall not be printed on the driver's license but shall be maintained in the stored information as defined by Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 51 of 764 Uncertified Printout section 42-2-114 (1)(b). That information must be accessible to a law enforcement officer through magnetic or electronic readers. (2) (a) [Editor's note: This version of subsection (2)(a) is effective January 1, 2020.] (I) Every application shall state the full name, date of birth, sex, and residence address of the applicant; briefly describe the applicant; be signed by the applicant with such applicant's usual signature; have affixed thereon the applicant's fingerprint; and state whether the licensee has ever been licensed as a minor driver or driver and, if so, when and by what state or country and whether any such license has ever been denied, suspended, or revoked, the reasons therefor, and the date thereof. These statements shall be verified by the applicant's signature thereon. (II) The department shall issue a new driver's license to a person who has a gender different from the sex denoted on that person's driver's license when the department receives: (A) A statement, in a form or format designated by the department, from the person, or from the person's parent if the person is a minor, or from the person's guardian or legal representative, signed under penalty of law, confirming the sex designation on the person's driver's license does not align with the person's gender identity; and (B) If the person is a minor under the age of eighteen, a statement, in a form or format designated by the department, signed under penalty of law, from a professional medical or mental health care provider licensed in good standing in Colorado or with an equivalent license in good standing from another jurisdiction, stating that the minor has undergone surgical, hormonal, or other treatment appropriate for that person for the purpose of gender transition, based on contemporary medical standards, and, in the provider's professional opinion, the minor's gender designation should be changed accordingly, or the minor has an intersex condition, and, in the provider's professional opinion, the minor's gender designation should be changed accordingly; or (C) A new birth certificate issued pursuant to section 25-2-113.8. (III) The department may only amend a sex designation for an individual's driver's license one time upon the individual's request. Any further requests from the individual for additional sex designation changes require the submission of a court order indicating that the sex designation change is required. (IV) In addition to the information required by subsection (2)(a)(I) of this section, every application shall include the opportunity for the applicant to self-identify his or her race or ethnicity. The race or ethnicity information that may be identified on the application shall not be printed on the driver's license but shall be maintained in the stored information as defined by section 42-2-114 (1)(b). That information must be accessible to a law enforcement officer through magnetic or electronic readers. (b) (I) In addition to the requirements of paragraph (a) of this subsection (2), an application shall state that: (A) The applicant understands that, as a resident of the state of Colorado, any motor vehicle owned by the applicant must be registered in Colorado pursuant to the laws of the state and the applicant may be subject to criminal penalties, civil penalties, cancellation or denial of the applicant's driver's license, and liability for any unpaid registration fees and specific ownership taxes if the applicant fails to comply with such registration requirements; and (B) The applicant agrees, within thirty days after the date the applicant became a resident, to register in Colorado any vehicle owned by the applicant. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 52 of 764 Uncertified Printout (II) The applicant shall verify the statements required by this paragraph (b) by the applicant's signature on the application. (2.5) (a) Any male United States citizen or immigrant who applies for an instruction permit or a driver's license or a renewal of any such permit or license and who is at least eighteen years of age but less than twenty-six years of age shall be registered in compliance with the requirements of section 3 of the "Military Selective Service Act", 50 U.S.C. App. sec. 453, as amended. (b) The department shall forward in an electronic format the necessary personal information of the applicants identified in paragraph (a) of this subsection (2.5) to the selective service system. The applicant's submission of an application shall serve as an indication that the applicant either has already registered with the selective service system or that he is authorizing the department to forward to the selective service system the necessary information for such registration. The department shall notify the applicant that his submission of an application constitutes consent to registration with the selective service system, if so required by federal law. (3) (a) Except as otherwise provided in paragraph (b) of this subsection (3), an application for a driver's or minor driver's license shall include the applicant's social security number, which shall remain confidential and shall not be placed on the applicant's driver's or minor driver's license; except that such confidentiality shall not extend to the state child support enforcement agency, the department, or a court of competent jurisdiction when requesting information in the course of activities authorized under article 13 of title 26, C.R.S., or article 14 of title 14, C.R.S. If the applicant does not have a social security number, the applicant shall submit a sworn statement made under penalty of law, together with the application, stating that the applicant does not have a social security number. (b) If federal law is changed to prohibit the collection of social security numbers on driver's license applications, the department shall automatically stop its practice of including applicants' social security numbers on applications for driver's and minor driver's licenses as specified in paragraph (a) of this subsection (3). (c) A sworn statement that is made under penalty of perjury shall be sufficient evidence of the applicant's social security number required by this subsection (3) and shall authorize the department to issue a driver's or minor driver's license to the applicant. Nothing in this paragraph (c) shall be construed to prevent the department from cancelling, denying, recalling, or updating a driver's or minor driver's license if the department learns that the applicant has provided a false social security number. (4) (a) (Deleted by amendment, L. 2004, p. 1891, § 4, effective August 4, 2004.) (b) (I) (A) The general assembly hereby finds, determines, and declares that the availability of human organs and tissue by voluntary designation of donors under the provisions of the "Revised Uniform Anatomical Gift Act", part 2 of article 19 of title 15, is critical for advancements in medical science to occur and for the successful use of various medical treatments to save and prolong lives. (B) The general assembly further finds, determines, and declares that state government should play a role in increasing the availability of human organs and tissue to procurement organizations, as defined in section 15-19-202, by acting as a conduit to make money available for promoting organ and tissue donation and that this role constitutes a public purpose. (II) There is hereby created in the state treasury the Emily Keyes - John W. Buckner organ and tissue donation awareness fund, which shall consist of all moneys credited thereto Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 53 of 764 Uncertified Printout from all sources including but not limited to moneys collected from voluntary contributions for organ and tissue donation pursuant to subparagraph (V) of this paragraph (b) and section 42-2118 (1)(a)(II). All moneys in the fund are hereby continuously appropriated to the department of the treasury and shall remain in the fund to be used for the purposes set forth in subparagraph (III) of this paragraph (b) and shall not revert to the general fund or any other fund. All interest derived from the deposit and investment of this fund shall be credited to the fund. At least quarterly, the state treasurer shall transfer all available moneys in the Emily Keyes - John W. Buckner organ and tissue donation awareness fund to Donor Alliance, Inc., or its successor organization, as directed by sub-subparagraph (A) of subparagraph (III) of this paragraph (b). (III) At least quarterly, the state treasurer shall transfer all available money from the Emily Keyes - John W. Buckner organ and tissue donation awareness fund: (A) To Donor Alliance, Inc., or its successor organization, to provide funding for activities to promote organ and tissue donation through the creation and dissemination, by means of electronic media and otherwise, of educational information including public service announcements and information to increase awareness in the medical professions and related fields. Donor Alliance, Inc., or its successor organization, shall create, by amendment to its articles of incorporation or bylaws or otherwise, as appropriate, an advisory group to allocate moneys received pursuant to this sub-subparagraph (A). Such advisory body shall include a representative of any qualified transplant organization. Such organizations shall include those for organs, tissue, and living donations. The advisory body created under this sub-subparagraph (A) shall report in writing in a form and manner determined by the department and at such intervals as required by the department on the use of moneys received under this sub-subparagraph (A). No moneys made available pursuant to this paragraph (b) shall be used to encourage fetal tissue donation. (B) (Deleted by amendment, L. 98, p. 1172, § 9, effective June 1, 1998.) (C) Before any payment to Donor Alliance, Inc., or its successor organization, from the Emily Keyes - John W. Buckner organ and tissue donation awareness fund may be made for any purpose, to the department for the reasonable costs associated with the initial installation of the organ and tissue donor registry, the setup for electronic transfer of the donor information for the organ and tissue donor registry to the federally designated organ procurement organization, and computer programming, reprogramming, and form changes necessary as a result of the creation or modification of the organ and tissue donor registry. (D) To Donor Alliance, Inc., or its successor organization, for the costs associated with educating the public about the organ and tissue donor registry pursuant to section 15-19-220. (IV) Appropriations made by the general assembly pursuant to subparagraph (III) of this paragraph (b) shall not exceed moneys in the Emily Keyes - John W. Buckner organ and tissue donation awareness fund that are available for appropriation. (V) An applicant may make a donation of one dollar or more to the Emily Keyes - John W. Buckner organ and tissue donation awareness fund, created in subsection (4)(b)(II) of this section, to promote the donation of organs and tissues under the "Revised Uniform Anatomical Gift Act", part 2 of article 19 of title 15. The department shall collect the financial donations and transmit them to the state treasurer, who shall credit them to the Emily Keyes - John W. Buckner organ and tissue donation awareness fund. The donation prescribed in this subsection (4)(b)(V) is voluntary and may be refused by the applicant. The department shall make available informational booklets or other informational sources on the importance of organ and tissue Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 54 of 764 Uncertified Printout donations to applicants as designed and approved by the advisory body created under subsection (4)(b)(III)(A) of this section. The department shall inquire of each applicant at the time the completed application is presented whether the applicant is interested in making a donation of one dollar or more and shall also specifically inform the applicant of the option for organ and tissue donations. The department shall also provide written information designed and approved by the advisory body created under subsection (4)(b)(III)(A) of this section to each applicant volunteering to become an organ and tissue donor. The written information shall disclose that the applicant's name shall be transmitted to the organ and tissue donor registry authorized in section 15-19-220, and that the applicant shall notify the federally designated organ procurement organization of any changes to the applicant's donor status. The issuance of an identification card, a driver's license, or an instruction permit with a donor's designation completes the donation process and is effective unless revoked pursuant to section 15-19-206 of the "Revised Uniform Anatomical Gift Act", part 2 of article 19 of title 15. (V.5) Designation on a donor's driver's license or permit shall fulfill the release requirements set forth in section 24-72-204 (7)(b), C.R.S. (VI) The provisions of article 16 of title 6, C.R.S., shall not apply to the activities of the department under this paragraph (b). (VII) By October 1, 2017, and by each October 1 thereafter, Donor Alliance, Inc., or its successor organization, shall submit to the department an annual report detailing the amounts and specific uses of all funds received by Donor Alliance, Inc., from the Emily Keyes - John W. Buckner organ and tissue donation awareness fund. (VIII) This subsection (4)(b) is repealed, effective September 1, 2027. (5) (a) (I) Prior to the issuance of a driver's or minor driver's license, the department shall determine if there are any outstanding judgments or warrants entered or issued against the applicant pursuant to section 42-4-1709 (7). (II) For the purposes of this subsection (5), "outstanding judgments or warrants" does not include any judgment or warrant reported to the department in violation of the provisions of section 42-4-110.5 (2)(c). (b) If the department determines that there are no outstanding judgments or warrants entered or issued against the applicant and if all other conditions for issuance required by articles 1 to 4 of this title are met, the department shall issue the license. (c) If the department determines that there are outstanding judgments or warrants entered or issued against the applicant and the applicant is subject to the provisions of section 42-4-1709 (7), the license shall not be issued until the applicant has complied with the requirements of that section. Any person who satisfies an outstanding judgment or warrant entered pursuant to section 42-4-1709 (7) shall pay to the court a thirty-dollar administrative processing fee for each such judgment or warrant in addition to all other penalties, costs, or forfeitures. The court shall remit fifty percent of the administrative processing fee to the department of revenue, and the other fifty percent shall be retained by the issuing court. (6) Notwithstanding the amount specified for any fee in this section, the executive director of the department by rule or as otherwise provided by law may reduce the amount of one or more of the fees if necessary pursuant to section 24-75-402 (3), C.R.S., to reduce the uncommitted reserves of the fund to which all or any portion of one or more of the fees is credited. After the uncommitted reserves of the fund are sufficiently reduced, the executive Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 55 of 764 Uncertified Printout director of the department by rule or as otherwise provided by law may increase the amount of one or more of the fees as provided in section 24-75-402 (4), C.R.S. Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2119, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. L. 95: (5) added, p. 1003, § 1, effective July 1. L. 96: IP(15)(b) amended, p. 1201, § 1, effective June 1; (4) amended, p. 1132, § 1, effective July 1. L. 97: (5)(a) amended, p. 1669, § 2, effective June 5; (2) amended, p. 1000, § 1, effective August 6. L. 98: (4)(a), (4)(b)(II), (4)(b)(III)(B), and (4)(b)(VII) amended, p. 1172, § 9, effective June 1; (6) added, p. 1351, § 93, effective June 1; (1) amended, p. 294, § 1, effective July 1. L. 99: (4)(b)(II) amended, p. 630, § 46, effective August 4. L. 2000: (3) amended, p. 1715, § 11, effective July 1; (4)(b)(III)(C), (4)(b)(III)(D), and (4)(b)(V.5) added and (4)(b)(V) and (4)(b)(VII) amended, pp. 730, 731, 733, §§ 8, 9, 14, effective July 1; (1)(a), (1)(c), (1)(d), (2)(a), (3), and (5)(a)(I) amended, p. 1349, § 16, effective July 1, 2001. L. 2001: (1)(a) amended, p. 938, § 2, effective July 1; (2.5) added, p. 646, § 1, effective August 8; (3)(a) amended and (3)(c) added, p. 782, § 1, effective August 8. L. 2002: (1)(b) amended, p. 171, § 1, effective April 2. L. 2004: (4)(a), (4)(b)(II), (4)(b)(III)(C), and (4)(b)(V) amended, p. 1891, § 4, effective August 4. L. 2005: (3)(a) amended, p. 642, § 4, effective May 27. L. 2007: (4)(b)(II), IP(4)(b)(III), (4)(b)(III)(A), (4)(b)(III)(C), (4)(b)(III)(D), (4)(b)(IV), (4)(b)(V), and (4)(b)(VII) amended, p. 307, § 1, effective, March 30; (1)(a)(I) amended, p. 1570, § 2, effective July 1; (4)(b)(I), (4)(b)(III)(C), (4)(b)(III)(D), and (4)(b)(V) amended, p. 799, § 10, effective July 1. L. 2009: (1)(a)(I) amended, (SB 09-274), ch. 210, p. 951, § 1, effective May 1. L. 2010: (1)(a)(I) amended, (HB 10-1387), ch. 205, p. 886, § 1, effective May 5. L. 2011: (4)(b)(II) and (4)(b)(III) amended, (HB 11-1303), ch. 264, p. 1177, § 99, effective August 10. L. 2012: (1)(a)(I) amended, (HB 12-1216), ch. 80, p. 263, § 1, effective July 1. L. 2013: (1)(c) amended, (SB 13-251), ch. 402, p. 2351, § 2, effective August 7. L. 2014: (1)(a)(I) amended, (SB 14-194), ch. 346, p. 1543, § 6, effective June 5. L. 2016: (2)(a) amended, (HB 16-1021), ch. 322, p. 1307, § 1, effective June 10. L. 2017: (4)(b)(I)(A), (4)(b)(I)(B), IP(4)(b)(III), (4)(b)(III)(D), and (4)(b)(V) amended, (SB 17-223), ch. 158, p. 564, § 18, effective August 9; (4)(b)(II), IP(4)(b)(III), (4)(b)(III)(A), (4)(b)(III)(C), (4)(b)(IV), (4)(b)(V), and (4)(b)(VII) amended and (4)(b)(VIII) added, (HB 17-1027), ch. 329, p. 1759, § 1, effective September 15. L. 2019: (2)(a) amended, (HB 19-1039), ch. 377, p. 3405, § 3, effective January 1, 2020. Editor's note: (1) This section is similar to former § 42-2-106 as it existed prior to 1994, and the former § 42-2-107 was relocated to § 42-2-108. (2) Amendments to subsection (3) by Senate Bill 00-145 and Senate Bill 00-011 were harmonized, effective July 1, 2001. (3) Amendments to subsections (4)(b)(III)(C), (4)(b)(III)(D), and (4)(b)(V) by Senate Bill 07-037 and House Bill 07-1266 were harmonized. (4) Amendments to subsections IP(4)(b)(III) and (4)(b)(V) by SB 17-223 and HB 171027 were harmonized. 42-2-108. Application of minors. (1) (a) (I) The application of any person under eighteen years of age for an instruction permit or minor driver's license must be accompanied by either: Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 56 of 764 Uncertified Printout (A) An affidavit of liability signed and verified by the parent, stepparent, foster parent, grandparent with power of attorney, guardian, spouse of the applicant if the spouse is eighteen years of age or older, or any other responsible adult who assumes the obligation imposed under this article 2 by signing the affidavit of liability for a minor; or (B) Proof of financial responsibility for the future, as defined in section 42-7-103 (14), held in the name of the minor if the minor is a foster child. (II) When an applicant has been made a ward of any court in the state for any reason and has been placed in foster care, the foster parents or parent may sign the affidavit of liability for the minor. If the parent or foster parent is unwilling or unable to sign the affidavit of liability, a guardian ad litem, an official of the county department of human or social services having custody of the applicant, or an official of the division of youth services in the state department of human services having custody of the applicant may sign the application for an instruction permit without signing the affidavit of liability for the minor if the requirements of subsection (1)(b) of this section are met; except that, prior to signing the application for an instruction permit, the guardian ad litem or other official shall notify the court of his or her intent to sign the application, and except that the guardian ad litem or official shall not sign the application for an instruction permit for a minor who is placed in foster care and is under seventeen years of age without first obtaining the consent of the foster parent. If the minor is seventeen years of age or older and is in the care of a foster parent, in order to prepare the minor for emancipation from foster care and to assist the minor in obtaining important life skills, the guardian ad litem or official shall consult with the foster parent of the minor about the opportunity for the minor to learn driving skills under the restrictions provided in subsection (1)(b) of this section prior to signing an application for an instruction permit. The guardian ad litem or official shall solicit the opinion of the minor's foster parent concerning the minor's ability to exercise good judgment and make decisions as well as the minor's overall capacity to drive. (III) When a minor to whom an instruction permit or minor driver's license has been issued is required to appear before the department for a hearing in accordance with this article 2, the person who signed the affidavit of liability for the minor or the guardian ad litem or official who signed the application for an instruction permit for the minor shall accompany the minor. If the person who signed the minor's affidavit of liability or application for an instruction permit is unable to attend the hearing, he or she shall submit to the department a verified signed statement certifying under oath that he or she is aware of the purpose of the hearing but cannot attend. (b) The department shall issue an instruction permit to an applicant under eighteen years of age who is otherwise eligible to obtain an instruction permit and who has been made a ward of the court and who is in out-of-home placement without the requirement of a person signing an affidavit of liability if the following requirements are met: (I) The guardian ad litem, an official of the county department of human or social services having custody of the applicant, or an official of the division of youth services in the state department of human services having custody of the applicant signs the application for an instruction permit; and (II) (A) If the minor is in the care of a foster parent and is under seventeen years of age, the foster parent consents to the minor learning driving skills under the restrictions provided in this subsection (1); or Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 57 of 764 Uncertified Printout (B) If the minor is in the care of a foster parent and is at least seventeen years of age, the guardian ad litem or the official has consulted with the foster parent prior to signing the application for an instruction permit. (III) and (IV) Repealed. (1.5) (a) The application of any person under the age of eighteen years for an instruction permit or minor driver's license shall include the option for a minor to be an organ or tissue donor. (b) Repealed. (c) Any person under the age of eighteen years who volunteers to donate anatomical gifts by designation on an instructional permit or minor driver's license shall include a notice of consent signed and verified by the father or the mother of the applicant, or, in the event neither parent is living, by the person or guardian having proof of legal custody of such minor, or by the spouse of the applicant if the spouse of the applicant is eighteen years of age or older. (d) If the person under the age of eighteen years who volunteers to donate anatomical gifts by designation on an instructional permit or minor driver's license is an emancipated minor, a notice of consent is not necessary for an anatomical gift to be valid. (e) Each county department of human or social services having custody of a foster child or ward of the court may implement a program that provides the services authorized under subsection (1)(b) of this section. The county department of human or social services may: (I) Assess the child's or ward's mental, emotional, and physical ability to safely drive a motor vehicle and, based on that assessment, approve or deny the provision of services under subsection (1)(b) of this section; and (II) Seek, accept, and expend gifts, grants, or donations from private or public sources for the purposes of this subsection (1.5). (2) Any negligence or willful misconduct of a minor under the age of eighteen years who drives a motor vehicle upon a highway is imputed to the person who signed the affidavit of liability which accompanied the application of such minor for a permit or license. Such person is jointly and severally liable with such minor for any damages caused by such negligence or willful misconduct, except as otherwise provided in subsection (3) of this section. (3) (a) The department shall accept the application of a qualified minor if: (I) A minor under eighteen years of age has deposited, or there is deposited on the minor's behalf, proof of financial responsibility covering the operation of a motor vehicle owned by the minor or, if the minor is not the owner of a motor vehicle, covering the operation of another motor vehicle; and (II) The application is accompanied by an affidavit of liability signed by one parent or the guardian of the minor unless, under subsection (1) or (1.5) of this section, the minor need not have a responsible adult sign the affidavit of liability. (b) While proof of financial responsibility is maintained, the parent, foster parent, or guardian is not subject to the liability imposed under subsection (2) of this section. Nothing in this section requires a foster parent to sign an affidavit of liability for a foster child and nothing in this section precludes a foster parent from obtaining a named driver's exclusion on the foster parent's insurance policy. (4) Repealed. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 58 of 764 Uncertified Printout Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2119, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. L. 2000: (1.5) added, p. 731, § 10, effective July 1; (3) and (4) amended, p. 1350, § 17, effective July 1, 2001. L. 2002: Entire section amended, p. 392, § 1, effective May 2. L. 2004: (1)(a) and IP(1)(b) amended, p. 1266, § 4, effective July 1; (1.5)(b) repealed, p. 1892, § 5, effective August 4. L. 2005: (1)(a) amended, p. 642, § 5, effective May 27. L. 2006: (1)(a) amended, p. 738, § 3, effective July 1. L. 2017: (1)(a) and (1)(b)(I) amended, (HB 17-1329), ch. 381, p. 1985, § 68, effective June 6. L. 2018: (1)(a) and (1)(b)(I) amended, (SB 18-092), ch. 38, p. 453, § 142, effective August 8. L. 2019: (1)(a), IP(1)(b), (1)(b)(I), (1)(b)(II), and (3) amended, (1)(b)(III) and (1)(b)(IV) repealed, and (1.5)(e) added, (HB 19-1023), ch. 239, p. 2361, § 2, effective August 2. Editor's note: (1) This section is similar to former § 42-2-107 as it existed prior to 1994, and the former § 42-2-108 was relocated to § 42-2-109. (2) Subsection (4)(b) provided for the repeal of subsection (4), effective July 1, 2006. (See L. 2000, p. 1350.) Cross references: For the legislative declaration contained in the 2004 act repealing subsection (1.5)(b), see section 1 of chapter 385, Session Laws of Colorado 2004. For the legislative declaration in SB 18-092, see section 1 of chapter 38, Session Laws of Colorado 2018. 42-2-109. Release from liability. (1) Any person who has signed the affidavit of liability which accompanied the application of a minor for a minor driver's license or permit may thereafter file with the department a verified written request that the license of said minor be cancelled. Upon receipt of such request, the department shall cancel the license of said minor, unless the minor has already reached the age of eighteen years, and the person who signed the affidavit of liability for such minor shall be relieved from all liability imposed by section 42-2108 (2). (2) When such minor reaches the age of eighteen years, the person who signed the minor's affidavit of liability is relieved of all liability imposed by section 42-2-108 (2). Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2120, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. L. 2000: (1) amended, p. 1351, § 18, effective July 1, 2001. Editor's note: This section is similar to former § 42-2-108 as it existed prior to 1994, and the former § 42-2-109 was relocated to § 42-2-110. 42-2-110. Revocation upon death of signer for minor. (1) The department, upon receipt of satisfactory evidence of the death of the person who signed the affidavit of liability which accompanied the application for a license of such minor, shall cancel such license, unless the minor has already reached the age of eighteen years, and shall not issue a new license until such time as a new application is made pursuant to the provisions of this article. (2) In the event of the death of the signer, a licensee under the age of eighteen years shall notify the department and secure the necessary new signer. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 59 of 764 Uncertified Printout Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2120, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. L. 2000: Entire section amended, p. 1351, § 19, effective July 1, 2001. Editor's note: This section is similar to former § 42-2-109 as it existed prior to 1994, and the former § 42-2-110 was relocated to § 42-2-111. 42-2-111. Examination of applicants and drivers - when required. (1) (a) The department shall examine every applicant for a driver's or minor driver's license. The executive director of the department, in the director's discretion, may conduct the examination in any county convenient for the applicant. The examination shall include a test of the applicant's eyesight, his or her ability to read and understand highway signs that regulate, warn, and direct traffic, and his or her knowledge of the traffic laws of this state, an actual demonstration of the applicant's ability to exercise ordinary and reasonable care and control in the operation of a motor vehicle, and such further physical and mental examination as the department finds necessary to determine the applicant's fitness to operate a motor vehicle safely upon the highways; except that an applicant seeking renewal of a driver's license by mail under section 42-2-118 need only submit the information required by that section. (b) The department, in issuing the drivers' licenses for certain types or general classes of vehicles, may waive any examination required by paragraph (a) of this subsection (1) for applicants and may certify certain employers, governmental agencies, or other appropriate organizations to train and examine all applicants for such certain types or general classes of licenses, if such training and examination is equal to the training and examination of the department. (2) Repealed. (3) (a) If the department has evidence that indicates that a licensed driver or minor driver is incompetent or otherwise not qualified to be licensed, it may, upon written notice of at least ten days to the licensee, require such driver to submit to an examination. (b) If a fatal motor vehicle accident involving one or more licensed drivers or minor drivers occurs, the department, if deemed appropriate, shall mail a written notice to all such drivers involved in the accident requiring such drivers to submit to examination. If the department has not mailed a written notice to any driver involved in a fatal accident within ninety days after the department receives notice regarding such accident, the department shall not require an examination of such driver based upon such accident. (c) Upon the conclusion of an examination required under this subsection (3), the department shall take such action as it deems appropriate and may deny, cancel, suspend, or revoke the license of such person or permit that person to retain such license subject to the restrictions under section 42-2-116. Refusal or failure of the licensee to submit to such examination shall be grounds for suspension or revocation of such person's license. Such decision of the department shall be reviewed by a court of record upon appeal to that court by the party aggrieved. (4) The department shall prepare and print rules, requirements, and regulations for the mandatory use of license examiners, and the same shall be strictly adhered to in the examination of all drivers. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 60 of 764 Uncertified Printout Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2121, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. L. 96: (2) repealed, p. 1203, § 1, effective July 1. L. 97: (1)(a) amended, p. 141, § 1, effective March 28; (3) amended, p. 135, § 1, effective January 1, 1998. L. 99: (1)(a) amended, p. 631, § 47, effective August 4. L. 2000: (1)(a), (3)(a), and (3)(b) amended, p. 1343, § 5, effective July 1, 2001. Editor's note: This section is similar to former § 42-2-110 as it existed prior to 1994, and the former § 42-2-111 was relocated to § 42-2-113. 42-2-112. Medical advice - use by department - provider immunity. (1) In order to determine whether any licensed driver or any applicant for a driver's license is physically or mentally able to operate a motor vehicle safely upon the highways of this state, the department is authorized, pursuant to this section and upon the adoption of rules concerning medical criteria for driver licensing, to seek and receive a written medical opinion from any physician, physician assistant, or optometrist licensed in this state. Such written medical opinion may also be used by the department in regard to the renewal, suspension, revocation, or cancellation of drivers' licenses pursuant to this article. No written medical opinion shall be sought pursuant to this section unless the department has reason to believe that the driver or applicant is physically or mentally unable to operate a motor vehicle safely upon the highways of this state. (2) In addition to the written medical opinion sought and received pursuant to subsection (1) of this section, the department may consider a written medical opinion received from the personal physician, physician assistant, or optometrist of an individual driver or applicant. Any written medical opinion requested by the applicant or driver from a personal physician, physician assistant, or optometrist shall be provided to the department at the expense of the applicant or driver. Any written medical opinion required by the department shall also be at the expense of the applicant or driver. (3) No civil or criminal action shall be brought against any physician, physician assistant, or optometrist licensed to practice in this state for providing a written medical or optometric opinion pursuant to subsection (1) or (2) of this section if the physician, physician assistant, or optometrist acts in good faith and without malice. (4) A written medical opinion received by the department which relates to an individual applicant or driver is for the confidential use of the department in making decisions on the individual's qualifications as a driver, and the written medical opinion shall not be divulged to any person, except to the applicant or driver, or used in evidence in any trial or proceeding except in matters concerning the individual's qualifications to receive or retain a driver's license. (5) Written medical opinions received by the department pursuant to this section, in addition to other sources of information, may be used by the department in the adoption of administrative rules concerning medical criteria for driver licensing. Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2122, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. L. 2005: Entire section amended, p. 643, § 6, effective May 27. L. 2016: (1), (2), and (3) amended, (SB 16-158), ch. 204, p. 731, § 25, effective August 10. Editor's note: (1) This section is similar to former § 42-2-110.5 as it existed prior to 1994, and the former § 42-2-112 was relocated to § 42-2-114. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 61 of 764 Uncertified Printout (2) Although the amending clause to section 6 of Senate Bill 05-047 stated that all of § 42-2-112 was amended, only subsections (1), (2), and (3) of this section were amended and appeared in the bill. Cross references: For the legislative declaration in SB 16-158, see section 1 of chapter 204, Session Laws of Colorado 2016. 42-2-113. License examiners appointed. The department may appoint license examiners for any county in this state to conduct local examinations for all types of drivers' licenses. The officers of the department shall conduct the examination as prescribed by law for all drivers in the county and collect the fees as provided in section 42-2-114 and remit the same to the department, which shall transfer the same to the credit of the highway users tax fund; except that, for fiscal years 2012-13 through 2014-15, to the state treasurer, who shall credit the fees to the licensing services cash fund created in section 42-2-114.5. Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2122, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. L. 2000: Entire section amended, p. 1640, § 23, effective June 1. L. 2009: Entire section amended, (SB 09-274), ch. 210, p. 951, § 2, effective May 1. L. 2010: Entire section amended, (HB 10-1387), ch. 205, p. 886, § 2, effective May 5. L. 2012: Entire section amended, (HB 121216), ch. 80, p. 263, § 2, effective July 1. Editor's note: This section is similar to former § 42-2-111 as it existed prior to 1994, and the former § 42-2-113 was relocated to § 42-2-115. 42-2-114. License issued - fees - rules. (1) (a) (I) The department, upon payment of the required fee and the surrender or cancellation of any previously issued Colorado identification card, shall issue to every applicant, who is not a first time applicant in Colorado or who is under eighteen years of age and is accompanied by a responsible adult meeting the requirements of section 42-2-108 (1), qualifying therefor either a driver's or minor driver's license according to the qualification for either license. (II) The department, after payment of the required fee and the surrender or cancellation of any previously issued Colorado identification card, shall issue an instruction permit or minor driver's or driver's license to a first time applicant in Colorado only after the department completes its verification of all facts relative to such applicant's right to receive an instruction permit or minor driver's or driver's license including the age, identity, and residency of the applicant, unless such applicant is under eighteen years of age and is accompanied by a responsible adult meeting the requirements of section 42-2-108 (1). By July 1, 2002, such verification shall utilize appropriate and accurate technology and techniques. Such verification shall include a comparison of existing driver's license and identification card images in department files with the applicant's images to ensure such applicant has only one identity. Only one fee shall be assessed for the issuance of a temporary license and a subsequent minor driver's or driver's license issued as a result of the same application. (III) Such license shall bear thereon the following: (A) The photograph of the licensee, which shall be taken and processed with equipment leased or owned by the department; Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 62 of 764 Uncertified Printout (B) A distinguishing number assigned to the licensee; (C) The full name, date of birth, and residence address and a brief description of the licensee; (D) The type or general class of vehicles the licensee may drive; (E) Any restrictions applicable to the licensee; (F) The expiration date of the license; (G) The official seal of the department; (H) A reference to the previous license issued to the licensee; (I) The usual signature of the licensee; (J) Repealed. (K) One or more security features that are not visible and are capable of authenticating such license and any information contained therein. (IV) The department shall promulgate rules that shall not allow the access and use of images, unless such images are used for the following: (A) To aid a federal, state, or local government agency in carrying out such agency's official functions pursuant to section 24-72-204 (7), C.R.S.; (B) To aid the department to ascertain a person's correct identity; or (C) To aid the department to prevent the issuance of multiple driver's licenses or identification cards to the same person. (V) The department shall promulgate rules that shall not allow the access and use of image comparison technology, unless such technology is used for the following: (A) To aid a federal, state, or local government agency in carrying out such agency's official functions pursuant to section 24-72-204 (7), C.R.S., so long as such federal, state, or local government agency has a reasonable suspicion that a crime has been committed or will be committed and a reasonable suspicion that the image requested is either the perpetrator of such crime or a victim of such crime; (B) To aid the department to ascertain a person's correct identity when there is reasonable suspicion that the person has used a driver's license or identification card to create a false identity. Nothing in this sub-subparagraph (B) shall be construed to prohibit the department from ascertaining an applicant's correct identity upon application for a driver's license or identification card. (C) To aid the department to prevent the issuance of multiple driver's licenses or identification cards to the same person. (VI) Nothing in subparagraph (IV) or (V) of this paragraph (a) shall be construed to require the department to purchase or implement a system that can be used by a person who is not an employee, officer, or agent of the department to access image comparison technology. (b) (I) In the event the department issues a driver's license that contains stored information, such license may include only the information that is specifically referenced in paragraph (a) of this subsection (1) and that appears in printed form on the face of the license issued by the department to the licensee and any race or ethnicity information identified on the application pursuant to section 42-2-107 (2)(a)(II); except that such stored information shall not include the licensee's social security number. (II) As used in this paragraph (b), "stored information" includes information that is stored on the driver's license by means of magnetic or electronic encoding, or by any other technology designed to store retrievable information. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 63 of 764 Uncertified Printout (2) (a) A fee is required for the issuance of a driver's license to a person twenty-one years of age or older. The department shall set the fee in accordance with section 42-2-114.5. Except as provided in subsection (3) of this section, the license expires on the applicant's birthday in the fifth year after issuance of the license. (b) The department shall transfer the fee to the state treasurer, who shall credit the fee to the licensing services cash fund created in section 42-2-114.5. (c) Notwithstanding paragraph (b) of this subsection (2): (I) If the driver's license is issued by the office of a county clerk and recorder in a county with a population of at least one hundred thousand individuals, the county clerk and recorder shall retain the sum set forth in subparagraph (I.5) of this paragraph (c) and forward the remainder to the department for transmission to the state treasurer, who shall credit the remainder of the fee to the licensing services cash fund. (I.5) The county clerk and recorder shall retain the following amounts under subparagraph (I) of this paragraph (c): (A) For a driver's license issued prior to July 1, 2016, eight dollars; (B) For a driver's license issued on or after July 1, 2016, but prior to July 1, 2017, ten dollars; (C) For a driver's license issued on or after July 1, 2017, but prior to July 1, 2018, twelve dollars; and (D) For a driver's license issued on or after July 1, 2018, thirteen dollars. (II) If the driver's license is issued by an office of a county clerk and recorder in a county with a population of fewer than one hundred thousand individuals, the county clerk and recorder shall retain the sum set forth in subparagraph (II.5) of this paragraph (c) and forward the remainder to the department for transmission to the state treasurer, who shall credit the remainder of the fee to the licensing services cash fund. (II.5) The county clerk and recorder shall retain the following amounts under subparagraph (II) of this paragraph (c): (A) For a driver's license issued prior to July 1, 2016, thirteen dollars and sixty cents; (B) For a driver's license issued on or after July 1, 2016, but prior to July 1, 2017, fifteen dollars; (C) For a driver's license issued on or after July 1, 2017, but prior to July 1, 2018, seventeen dollars; and (D) For a driver's license issued on or after July 1, 2018, eighteen dollars. (d) In addition to the fee established in paragraph (a) of this subsection (2), a surcharge of two dollars is added for issuance of a driver's or minor driver's license with a motorcycle endorsement. The department shall transfer the surcharge to the state treasurer, who shall credit it to the motorcycle operator safety training fund, created in section 43-5-504, C.R.S. (e) In addition to the fee established in paragraph (a) of this subsection (2), a surcharge is added for issuance of a driver's or minor driver's license, or instruction permit, when an applicant retakes either the examination of knowledge of the traffic laws of this state or the demonstration of the applicant's ability to exercise ordinary and reasonable care and control in the operation of a motor vehicle. The surcharge applies regardless of whether the applicant retakes the examination or demonstration with the department or a vendor approved by the department. The department shall set the surcharge by rule in an amount to offset the direct and indirect cost of giving the failed examination or demonstration. The department shall transfer the Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 64 of 764 Uncertified Printout surcharge to the state treasurer, who shall credit it to the licensing services cash fund, created in section 42-2-114.5. (2.5) The department shall charge a fee for issuing any probationary license. Such fee shall be set by rule by the department. (3) Driver's licenses required by the "Commercial Motor Vehicle Safety Act of 1986", Public Law 99-570, shall expire on the birthday of the applicant in the fourth year after the issuance thereof. (4) (a) A fee is required for the issuance of a minor driver's license, which expires twenty days after the twenty-first birthday of the licensee. The department shall set the fee in accordance with section 42-2-114.5 (2). The department shall transfer the fee to the state treasurer, who shall credit it to the licensing services cash fund created in section 42-2-114.5 (1). In the case of the issuance of any minor driver's license by the office of the county clerk and recorder, the fee for the minor driver's license is apportioned in the same manner as for the issuance of a driver's license in accordance with paragraph (c) of subsection (2) of this section. (b) Repealed. (5) (Deleted by amendment, L. 2007, p. 1571, § 3, effective July 1, 2007.) (6) (a) A photograph showing the full face of the licensee shall be affixed to every driver's license and minor driver's license issued under this section. (b) Every minor driver's license issued shall graphically emphasize the age group of the licensee on the face of such license, as prescribed by the department. (7) Any other provision of law to the contrary notwithstanding, no liability or other sanctions shall be imparted to any person who relies upon the date of birth or identification as set out on any license issued pursuant to this article if such date of birth or identification should be later proved incorrect or fraudulently entered upon said license. (8) Repealed. (9) Notwithstanding the amount specified for any fee in this section, the executive director of the department by rule or as otherwise provided by law may reduce the amount of one or more of the fees if necessary pursuant to section 24-75-402 (3), C.R.S., to reduce the uncommitted reserves of the fund to which all or any portion of one or more of the fees is credited. After the uncommitted reserves of the fund are sufficiently reduced, the executive director of the department by rule or as otherwise provided by law may increase the amount of one or more of the fees as provided in section 24-75-402 (4), C.R.S. (10) (a) At the applicant's voluntary request, the department shall issue a driver's license bearing an identifier of a branch of the United States armed forces, such as "Marine Corps", "Navy", "Army", "Air Force", or "Coast Guard", if the applicant possesses a currently valid military identification document, a DD214 form issued by the United States government, or any other document accepted by the department that demonstrates that the applicant is an active member or a veteran of the branch of service that the applicant has requested be placed on the driver's license. The applicant shall not be required to provide documentation that the applicant is an active member or a veteran of a branch of the United States armed forces to renew or be reissued a driver's license bearing an identifier issued pursuant to this subsection (10). The department shall not place more than one branch of the United States armed forces identifier on an applicant's driver's license. (b) and (c) Repealed. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 65 of 764 Uncertified Printout (11) (a) Upon the applicant presenting a DD214 form issued by the United States government or any other document accepted by the department that demonstrates that the applicant is a veteran of the United States armed forces, the department shall print the word "Veteran" on the driver's license. (b) The holder of a driver's license bearing the word "Veteran" need not present documentation that the holder is a veteran of the United States armed forces to renew or reissue the driver's license. (c) The department shall not issue a driver's license bearing the word "Veteran" if the applicant's documentation shows that the applicant received a dishonorable discharge. Source: L. 94: (1) and (4) amended, p. 1452, § 1, effective May 25; (2)(a) amended, p. 539, § 1, effective July 1; entire title amended with relocations, p. 2123, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. L. 98: (2.5) added, p. 1101, § 21, effective June 1; (9) added, p. 1351, § 94, effective June 1. L. 2000: (1)(a), (2), (4), (5), and (6) amended, p. 1343, § 6, effective July 1, 2001. L. 2001: (1)(a) and (2)(a)(I)(E) amended and (2)(a)(I)(F) added, p. 938, § 3, effective July 1. L. 2002: IP(1)(a)(IV) amended and (1)(a)(V) and (1)(a)(VI) added, p. 369, § 1, effective April 25; (2)(a)(I)(E) repealed, p. 869, § 1, effective August 7. L. 2005: (1)(a)(III)(J) and (8) repealed and (2)(a)(I)(A) and (2)(a)(I)(B) amended, p. 644, §§ 7, 8, effective May 27. L. 2006: (2)(a)(I)(F) amended, p. 656, § 1, effective April 24. L. 2007: (2)(a)(I)(A), (2)(a)(I)(C), (2)(a)(I)(D), (4)(a), and (5) amended, p. 1571, § 3, effective July 1. L. 2009: (2)(a)(I)(A), (2)(a)(I)(D), and (4)(a) amended, (SB 09-274), ch. 210, p. 952, § 3, effective May 1; (2)(a)(I)(F) amended, (SB 09-025), ch. 266, p. 1215, § 2, effective July 1. L. 2010: (2)(a)(I)(A), (2)(a)(I)(D), and (4)(a) amended, (HB 10-1387), ch. 205, p. 887, § 3, effective May 5; (10) added, (HB 10-1209), ch. 322, p. 1497, § 1, effective July 1. L. 2012: (2)(a)(I)(A), (2)(a)(I)(D), and (4)(a) amended, (HB 12-1216), ch. 80, p. 264, § 3, effective July 1. L. 2013: (10)(b)(I) repealed, (HB 13-1011), ch. 90, p. 291, § 1, effective August 7; (11) added, (HB 13-1119), ch. 177, p. 653 § 1, effective August 7. L. 2014: (2) R&RE and (4)(a) amended, (SB 14-194), ch. 346, p. 1543, § 7, effective June 5; (2) R&RE and (4)(b) repealed, (HB 14-1066), ch. 290, p. 1188, § 2, effective July 1. L. 2016: (2)(c) and (2)(e) amended and (2)(c)(I.5) and (2)(c)(II.5) added, (HB 16-1415), ch. 139, p. 411, § 2, effective May 4; (1)(b)(I) amended, (HB 16-1021), ch. 322, p. 1307, § 2, effective June 10. Editor's note: (1) This section is similar to former § 42-2-112 as it existed prior to 1994, and the former § 42-2-114 was relocated to § 42-2-116. (2) Amendments to subsections (1) and (4) by House Bill 94-1346 and amendments to subsection (2)(a) by House Bill 94-1028 were harmonized with Senate Bill 94-001. (3) Subsection (2)(a)(II)(B) provided for the repeal of subsection (2)(a)(II), effective July 1, 2006. (See L. 2000, p. 1343.) (4) Subsection (10)(c)(II) provided for the repeal of subsection (10)(c), effective July 1, 2011. (See L. 2010, p. 1497.) (5) Subsection (10)(b)(II)(B) provided for the repeal of subsection (10)(b)(II), effective July 1, 2012. (See L. 2010, p. 1497.) (6) Subsection (2) was repealed and reenacted in SB 14-194. Those amendments were superseded by the repeal and reenactment of subsection (2) in HB 14-1066, effective July 1, 2014. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 66 of 764 Uncertified Printout 42-2-114.5. Licensing services cash fund - fee setting procedures - rules. (1) The licensing services cash fund is hereby created in the state treasury. The general assembly shall appropriate moneys in the fund to the department for the cost of implementing this article. (2) Except as provided in subsection (3) of this section, the following fees must be paid for the following functions: (a) The fee for a driving record under section 42-1-206 (2) is nine dollars; (b) The fee for a certified driving record under section 42-1-206 (2) is ten dollars; (c) The application fee for an instruction permit under section 42-2-107 is fourteen dollars; (d) The fee for a driver's license or minor driver's license under section 42-2-114 (2)(a) or (4)(a), respectively, is: (I) Twenty-six dollars beginning July 1, 2016, but before July 1, 2017; (II) Twenty-seven dollars beginning July 1, 2017, but before July 1, 2018; and (III) Twenty-eight dollars beginning July 1, 2018; (e) The fee for retaking either the examination of knowledge or the demonstration of ability under section 42-2-114 (2)(e) is set by the department not to exceed fifteen dollars; (f) The fee for a duplicate permit or minor driver's license under section 42-2-117 (1) is twelve dollars for the first duplicate and fourteen dollars for a subsequent duplicate; (g) The fee for a driver's license extension under section 42-2-118 (1)(b)(I) is six dollars and fifty cents; (h) The fee for the return of a license under section 42-2-127.7 (4)(d)(II) is five dollars; (i) The fee for a replacement license under section 42-2-133 (2) is five dollars; (j) The fee for issuing or renewing an identification card under section 42-2-306 (1)(a) is ten dollars and fifty cents; (k) The fee for reissuance of an identification card that has been cancelled or denied under section 42-2-306 (1)(b) is twenty dollars; (l) The fee for issuing a commercial driver's license under section 42-2-406 (1) and (2) is thirty-five dollars; (m) The fee for administering driving tests under section 42-2-406 (3) is one hundred dollars; (n) The fee for licensing testing units under section 42-2-406 (4) is three thousand ninety-four dollars for the initial license and one thousand fifty-two dollars for each subsequent annual license renewal; (o) The fee for licensing driving testers under section 42-2-406 (5) is one hundred fortyeight dollars for the initial license and one hundred forty dollars for each subsequent annual license renewal; and (p) The fee for issuing an identification document under part 5 of this article. (3) (a) Except as set forth in paragraph (b) of this subsection (3), beginning July 1, 2015, the department may raise or lower the fees listed in subsection (2) of this section, but the department shall not increase the fee by more than twenty percent before July 1, 2016, or by more than five percent per year on or after July 1, 2016. (b) The department shall not raise or lower the fees listed in paragraphs (a), (b), (f), (g), (n), and (o) of subsection (2) of this section before July 1, 2017, and the fee listed in paragraph (d) of subsection (2) of this section before July 1, 2019. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 67 of 764 Uncertified Printout (4) A rule promulgated under this section that increases fees shall not take effect until thirty days after the department has issued a report to the joint budget committee. The report must: (a) List the fees being changed and the amounts of the changes; and (b) Provide an explanation of the reasons for the changes and an analysis of why the changes are needed. Source: L. 2007: Entire section added, p. 1570, § 1, effective July 1. L. 2009: Entire section amended, (SB 09-279), ch. 367, p. 1933, § 26, effective June 1. L. 2010: (1) amended, (HB 10-1387), ch. 205, p. 888, § 4, effective May 5. L. 2014: Entire section amended, (SB 14194), ch. 346, p. 1544, § 8, effective June 5. L. 2015: (2)(h) amended, (SB 15-264), ch. 259, p. 968, § 93, effective August 5. L. 2016: (1) amended, (HB 16-1415), ch. 139, p. 413, § 3, effective May 4; (2)(a), (2)(b), (2)(d), (2)(f), (2)(g), (2)(n), (2)(o), and (3) amended, (HB 161415), ch. 139, p. 413, § 4, effective July 1. L. 2018: (2)(o) amended, (HB 18-1375), ch. 274, p. 1723, § 86, effective May 29. 42-2-115. License, permit, or identification card to be exhibited on demand. (1) No person who has been issued a driver's or minor driver's license or an instruction permit or an identification card as defined in section 42-2-301 (2), who operates a motor vehicle in this state, and who has such license, permit, or identification card in such person's immediate possession shall refuse to remove such license, permit, or identification card from any billfold, purse, cover, or other container and to hand the same to any peace officer who has requested such person to do so if such peace officer reasonably suspects that such person is committing, has committed, or is about to commit a violation of article 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, or 8 of this title. (2) Any person who violates any provision of this section commits a class 2 misdemeanor traffic offense. Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2124, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. L. 2000: (1) amended, p. 1351, § 20, effective July 1, 2001. Editor's note: This section is similar to former § 42-2-113 as it existed prior to 1994, and the former § 42-2-115 was relocated to § 42-2-117. 42-2-116. Restricted license. (1) The department, upon issuing a driver's or minor driver's license or an instruction permit, has authority, whenever good cause appears, to impose restrictions, limitations, or conditions which are suitable to the licensee's driving ability with respect to the type of special mechanical control device required on a motor vehicle which the licensee may operate or which limit the right of the licensee to drive a motor vehicle except when such licensee is required to drive to and from the licensee's place of employment or to perform duties within the course of employment or to impose such other restrictions applicable to the licensee as the department may determine to be appropriate to assure the safe operation of a motor vehicle by the licensee. (2) The department either may issue a special restricted license or must set forth such restrictions, limitations, or conditions upon the usual license form issued to the applicant. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 68 of 764 Uncertified Printout (3) The department, upon receiving satisfactory evidence of any violation of the restrictions, limitations, or conditions of such license, may cancel or suspend such restricted license, but the licensee shall be entitled to a hearing as upon a suspension or revocation under this article. (4) No person shall operate a motor vehicle upon a highway or elsewhere within this state in any manner in violation of the restrictions, limitations, or conditions imposed in a special restricted license, in a driver's or minor driver's license, or in an instruction permit issued to such person by the department or by another state or country. (5) The department is authorized after examination to issue a restricted license to a person with a behavioral or mental health disorder or an intellectual and developmental disability, containing such restrictions as may be imposed upon said person by a court pursuant to part 3 or part 4 of article 14 of title 15 or section 27-65-109 (4) or 27-65-127. (6) (a) A person who violates any provision of this section commits a class A traffic infraction. (b) (Deleted by amendment, L. 2012.) (7) and (8) Repealed. Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2124, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. L. 96: (6) amended, p. 1357, § 3, effective July 1. L. 2000: (6) amended and (7) and (8) added, p. 1078, § 8, effective July 1; (1) and (4) amended, p. 1351, § 21, effective July 1, 2001. L. 2006: (5) amended, p. 1409, § 79, effective August 7; (6)(b) and (8) amended, p. 1368, § 4, effective January 1, 2007. L. 2010: (5) amended, (SB 10-175), ch. 188, p. 807, § 84, effective April 29. L. 2012: (6) amended and (7) and (8) repealed, (HB 12-1168), ch. 278, p. 1482, § 2, effective August 8. L. 2017: (5) amended, (SB 17-242), ch. 263, p. 1380, § 306, effective May 25. Editor's note: This section is similar to former § 42-2-114 as it existed prior to 1994, and the former § 42-2-116 was relocated to § 42-2-118. Cross references: (1) For the penalty for a class A traffic infraction and a class 1 traffic misdemeanor, see § 42-4-1701 (3). (2) For the legislative declaration in SB 17-242, see section 1 of chapter 263, Session Laws of Colorado 2017. 42-2-117. Duplicate permits and minor licenses - replacement licenses. (1) If an instruction permit or a minor driver's license issued under this article is lost, stolen, or destroyed, the person to whom it was issued, upon request and the payment of a fee to the department, may obtain a duplicate or substitute upon furnishing satisfactory proof to the department that the permit or minor license was lost, stolen, or destroyed and that the applicant is qualified to have a permit or license. The department shall set the fees for a first duplicate and for any subsequent duplicate in accordance with section 42-2-114.5. The department shall transfer either fee to the state treasurer, who shall credit it to the licensing services cash fund created in section 42-2114.5. (1.5) Upon furnishing satisfactory proof to the department that a driver's license issued under this article 2 has been lost, stolen, or destroyed, the person to whom it was issued may Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 69 of 764 Uncertified Printout apply for a duplicate or replacement of the license pursuant to section 42-2-118. The new driver's license expires as provided in section 42-2-114 if issued under this part 1 or as provided in section 42-2-509 (1) if issued under part 5 of this article 2. (2) Notwithstanding the amount specified for the fee in this section, the executive director of the department by rule or as otherwise provided by law may reduce the amount of the fee if necessary pursuant to section 24-75-402 (3), C.R.S., to reduce the uncommitted reserves of the fund to which all or any portion of the fee is credited. After the uncommitted reserves of the fund are sufficiently reduced, the executive director of the department by rule or as otherwise provided by law may increase the amount of the fee as provided in section 24-75-402 (4), C.R.S. Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2125, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. L. 98: Entire section amended, p. 1351, § 95, effective June 1. L. 2000: (1) amended and (1.5) added, p. 1346, § 7, effective July 1, 2001. L. 2005: (1.5) amended, p. 644, § 9, effective May 27. L. 2007: (1) amended, p. 1572, § 4, effective July 1. L. 2009: (1) amended, (SB 09274), ch. 210, p. 953, § 4, effective May 1. L. 2010: (1) amended, (HB 10-1387), ch. 205, p. 888, § 5, effective May 5. L. 2012: (1) amended, (HB 12-1216), ch. 80, p. 265, § 4, effective July 1. L. 2014: (1) amended, (SB 14-194), ch. 346, p. 1546, § 9, effective June 5. L. 2018: (1.5) amended, (SB 18-108), ch. 260, p. 1596, § 4, effective January 1, 2019. Editor's note: This section is similar to former § 42-2-115 as it existed prior to 1994, and the former § 42-2-117 was relocated to § 42-2-119. 42-2-118. Renewal of license in person or by mail - donations to Emily Keyes - John W. Buckner organ and tissue donation awareness fund - repeal. (1) (a) (I) Every license issued under section 42-2-114 or part 5 of this article 2 is renewable prior to its expiration, upon application in person, by mail as provided in subsection (1.3) of this section, or by electronic means as provided in subsection (1.5) of this section; payment of the required fee; passing of an eye test; passing of such other examinations as the applicant's physical limitations or driver's record indicates to be desirable; and payment of any penalty assessment, fine, cost, or forfeiture as prescribed by subsection (3) of this section. If a person renews his or her license pursuant to this subsection (1)(a)(I) by electronic means, the person must attest under penalty of perjury that he or she has had an eye examination by an optometrist or an ophthalmologist within three years before the date of application. (II) (A) An applicant may make a donation of one dollar or more to the Emily Keyes John W. Buckner organ and tissue donation awareness fund, created in section 42-2-107 (4)(b)(II), to promote the donation of organs and tissues under the provisions of the "Revised Uniform Anatomical Gift Act", part 2 of article 19 of title 15. The department shall collect the donations and transmit them to the state treasurer, who shall credit the same to the Emily Keyes John W. Buckner organ and tissue donation awareness fund. The donation prescribed in this subsection (1)(a)(II)(A) is voluntary and may be refused by the applicant. The department shall make available informational booklets or other informational sources on the importance of organ and tissue donations to applicants as designed and approved by the advisory body created under section 42-2-107 (4)(b)(III)(A). The department shall inquire of each applicant at the time the completed application is presented whether the applicant is interested in making a donation of one dollar or more to the fund. If the applicant has not already made a donor designation, the Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 70 of 764 Uncertified Printout department shall also specifically inform the applicant of the option for organ and tissue donations by having a "Y" placed in the donor field on the front of the document. The department shall advise each applicant volunteering to become an organ and tissue donor that the applicant's name shall be transmitted to the organ and tissue donor registry authorized in section 15-19-220, and that the applicant shall notify the federally designated organ procurement organization of any changes to the applicant's donation. (B) This subsection (1)(a)(II) is repealed, effective September 1, 2027. (b) (I) (A) A license issued under section 42-2-114 that, at the time of its expiration, is held by a resident of this state who is temporarily outside of this state or is prevented by disability from complying with subsection (1)(a) of this section may be extended for a period of one year if the licensee applies to the department for an extension of the expiration date prior to the date the license expires and pays a fee set by the department in accordance with section 42-2114.5 (2). (B) A license issued under part 5 of this article 2 that, at the time of its expiration, is held by a resident of this state who is prevented by disability from complying with subsection (1)(a) of this section may be extended for a period of one year if the licensee applies to the department for an extension of the expiration date prior to the date the license expires and pays a fee set by the department in accordance with section 42-2-114.5 (2). (C) The department shall transfer the fees paid in accordance with this subsection (1)(b) to the state treasurer, who shall credit them to the licensing services cash fund, created in section 42-2-114.5 (1). The extensions authorized in this subsection (1)(b) become null and void ninety days after the licensee renews his or her residency in the state or otherwise becomes able to comply with subsection (1)(a) of this section. The department shall grant no more than one extension under this subsection (1)(b) unless a resident of this state, other than a resident who had been issued a license under part 5 of this article 2, is temporarily residing in a foreign country, in which case the department may grant no more than two one-year extensions. (II) A surcharge of one dollar shall be added to any extension sought for a license for which a motorcycle endorsement is requested which shall be credited to the motorcycle operator safety training fund created in section 43-5-504, C.R.S. (1.3) (a) The department may, in its discretion, allow renewal of a driver's license issued under section 42-2-114 or 42-2-505 by mail subject to the following requirements: (I) Renewal by mail shall be available only to drivers twenty-one years of age or older; (II) Renewal by mail shall only be available every other driver's license renewal period as provided in section 42-2-114 (2)(a) and (3) or 42-2-509 (1); (III) A person who is less than sixty-six years of age renewing by mail shall attest under penalty of law that he or she has had an eye examination by an optometrist or ophthalmologist within three years before the renewal. A person who is sixty-six years of age or older renewing by mail shall obtain, on a form as required by the department, a signed statement from an optometrist or ophthalmologist attesting that he or she has had an eye examination within the last six months and attesting to the results of the applicant's eye examination; and (IV) A person renewing by mail who requires vision correction shall attest under penalty of law to his or her prescription for vision correction. (b) Every applicant for renewal of a driver's license by mail shall submit the following to the department: (I) Payment of the required fee; Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 71 of 764 Uncertified Printout (II) Repealed. (III) Payment of any penalty assessment, fine, cost, or forfeiture as prescribed by subsection (3) of this section. (c) The department may promulgate rules necessary for the implementation of this subsection (1.3). (1.5) (a) The department may, in its discretion, allow renewal of a driver's license issued under section 42-2-114 or 42-2-505 by electronic means subject to the following requirements: (I) Electronic renewal shall be available only to drivers twenty-one years of age or older and less than sixty-six years of age; (II) A person may renew a driver's license electronically only for two consecutive driver's license renewal periods as provided in section 42-2-114 (2)(a) and (3) or 42-2-509 (1); (III) A person renewing electronically shall attest under penalty of law that he or she has had an eye examination by an optometrist or ophthalmologist within three years before the renewal; and (IV) A person renewing electronically who requires vision correction shall attest under penalty of law to his or her prescription for vision correction. (b) Pursuant to sections 24-19.5-103 (3) and 29-11.5-103 (3), C.R.S., the department shall not allow any third-party charges that may be assessed to complete the electronic transaction to reduce the amount of revenue that would otherwise be required to be distributed to the highway users tax fund or the licensing services cash fund. (c) Every applicant for renewal of a driver's license by electronic means shall submit the following to the department: (I) Payment of the required fee; and (II) Payment of any penalty assessment, fine, cost, or forfeiture as prescribed by subsection (3) of this section. (d) To implement electronic renewal of a driver's license pursuant to this section, the department shall: (I) Submit to the office of information technology created in the office of the governor for review and approval the department's plan for the renewal of a driver's license by electronic means; (II) Develop and implement electronic renewal of a driver's license in a manner that is consistent with the nation's policy on national security and in conformance with federal and state law for homeland security; (III) Develop and implement an information security program and utilize a layered security approach, which shall consist of the following: (A) A business impact analysis that assesses the criticality of services; (B) A risk or security assessment that identifies vulnerabilities of the system; (C) A risk management process; (D) A contingency plan for disaster recovery of information and services and business continuity; (E) Procedures that identify security safeguards for asset protection; (F) A secure architectural design; (G) Security awareness and training programs; and (H) Monitoring and audit systems for back-end reviews to evaluate efficiency and efficacy; Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 72 of 764 Uncertified Printout (IV) Develop security policies that address, at a minimum, the following: (A) System protection from viruses and system virus detection; (B) Firewall security; (C) Logging capability; (D) Server security; (E) Intrusion detection; (F) Encryption; (G) Physical security; and (H) Secure remote access communication, if applicable; and (V) Develop a migration plan that sets out the department's goals and objectives and establishes priorities and the department's timeline for achieving such requirements. (e) Failure to comply with the requirements of paragraph (d) of this subsection (1.5) may result in the department being removed from or denied access to the state network or mainframe computer until all of the provisions of paragraph (d) of this subsection (1.5) are demonstrated by the department. (f) Repealed. (g) The department may promulgate any necessary rules for the implementation of this subsection (1.5). (2) Every license referred to in this section which is at the time of its expiration, as provided in subsection (1) of this section, held by a member of the armed forces of the United States, then serving on active duty outside of this state, shall not expire as provided in subsection (1) of this section, but such expiration date shall be extended for a period of three years or until ninety days after such licensee returns to this state, whichever occurs first. (3) (a) (I) Prior to the renewal of a permanent driver's license or the issuance or renewal of a probationary license, the department shall determine if the applicant has any outstanding judgments or warrants entered or issued against the applicant or if the applicant has issued a check or order to the department for the payment of a penalty assessment and such check or order was returned for insufficient funds or a closed account and remains unpaid as set forth in section 42-4-1709 (7). (II) For the purposes of this subsection (3), "outstanding judgments or warrants" does not include any judgment or warrant reported to the department in violation of the provisions of section 42-4-110.5 (2)(c). (b) (I) If there are no outstanding judgments or warrants entered or issued against the applicant and the applicant has not issued a check or order to the department that was returned for insufficient funds or a closed account and that remains unpaid as set forth in section 42-41709 (7) and if all other conditions for renewal pursuant to articles 1 to 4 of this title are met, the department shall renew the applicant's permanent driver's license. (II) If there are no outstanding judgments or warrants entered or issued against the applicant and the defendant has not issued a check or order to the department that was returned for insufficient funds or a closed account and that remains unpaid as set forth in section 42-41709 (7) and if all other conditions for renewal pursuant to articles 1 to 4 of this title are met, the department may issue or renew the applicant's probationary license. (c) If the department determines that the applicant is subject to the requirements of section 42-4-1709 (7), the permanent driver's license shall not be renewed or the probationary license may not be issued or renewed until such applicant has complied with said section. Any Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 73 of 764 Uncertified Printout person who pays any outstanding judgments, who has any warrants entered, or who makes payment for a check or order to the department that had been returned for insufficient funds or a closed account pursuant to section 42-4-1709 (7) shall pay to the court or to the department a thirty-dollar administrative processing cost for each such judgment, warrant, check, or order in addition to all other penalties, costs, or forfeitures. If the court collects an administrative processing fee, the court shall remit fifty percent of the administrative processing fee to the department of revenue, and the other fifty percent of that fee is to be retained by the issuing court. If the department collects an administrative processing fee, the department shall retain the fee. (d) Beginning January 1, 1986, the executive director shall ascertain whether the administrative fee established in paragraph (c) of this subsection (3) adequately compensates the department for administration of this subsection (3). (e) The department of revenue shall coordinate the design and implementation of the necessary delinquency notification forms, satisfaction forms, and time requirements for utilization of such forms by the courts. (f) There shall be a twenty-day period to appeal any penalty under this section when it can be shown by the applicant or defendant that sufficient funds were in the financial institution and the error was that of the financial institution. In this event the department shall review the documentation and, if it was the fault of the financial institution that the check or order was returned, no penalty or fee shall be imposed. (4) Notwithstanding the amount specified for any fee in this section, the executive director of the department by rule or as otherwise provided by law may reduce the amount of one or more of the fees if necessary pursuant to section 24-75-402 (3), C.R.S., to reduce the uncommitted reserves of the fund to which all or any portion of one or more of the fees is credited. After the uncommitted reserves of the fund are sufficiently reduced, the executive director of the department by rule or as otherwise provided by law may increase the amount of one or more of the fees as provided in section 24-75-402 (4), C.R.S. Source: L. 94: (1)(a) amended, p. 694, § 1, effective July 1; entire title amended with relocations, p. 2125, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. L. 96: (1)(a) amended, p. 1134, § 2, effective July 1; (3)(a), (3)(b), and (3)(c) amended, p. 1203, § 2, effective July 1. L. 97: (1)(a)(I) amended and (1.3) added, p. 141, § 2, effective March 28; (3)(a) amended, p. 1669, § 3, effective June 5; (3)(a) to (3)(c) amended and (3)(f) added, p. 1382, § 1, effective July 1. L. 98: (1)(a)(II) amended, p. 1174, § 10, effective June 1; (4) added, p. 1352, § 96, effective June 1. L. 2000: (1)(a)(II) amended, p. 732, § 11, effective July 1; (1.3)(b)(II)(B) added by revision, pp. 1342, 1362, §§ 4, 49. L. 2002: (3)(d) amended, p. 869, § 2, effective August 7. L. 2004: (1)(a)(I) and (1.3)(a)(II) amended and (1.5) added, p. 1268, § 1, effective May 28. L. 2005: (1.3)(a)(I) amended and (1.3)(a)(III) and (1.3)(a)(IV) added, p. 645, § 10, effective May 27. L. 2006: (1.5)(d)(I) amended, p. 1737, § 27, effective June 6. L. 2007: (1)(a)(II) amended, p. 309, § 2, effective March 30; (1.5)(d)(I) amended, p. 918, § 20, effective May 17; (1)(a)(II)(A) amended, p. 800, § 11, effective July 1. L. 2008: (1.3)(a)(I), (1.3)(a)(II), (1.3)(a)(III), and (1.5)(a) amended, p. 629, § 1, effective August 5; (1.5)(f) repealed, p. 1915, § 135, effective August 5. L. 2009: (1.5)(b) amended, (SB 09-274), ch. 210, p. 953, § 5, effective May 1. L. 2014: (1)(b)(I) and (1.5)(a)(II) amended, (SB 14-194), ch. 346, p. 1546, § 10, effective June 5. L. 2017: (1)(a)(II)(A) amended, (SB 17-223), ch. 158, p. 565, § 19, effective August 9; (1)(a)(II) Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 74 of 764 Uncertified Printout amended, (HB 17-1027), ch. 329, p. 1761, § 2, effective September 15. L. 2018: (1)(a)(I), (1)(b)(I), IP(1.3)(a), (1.3)(a)(II), IP(1.5)(a), and (1.5)(a)(II) amended, (SB 18-108), ch. 260, p. 1596, § 5, effective January 1, 2019. Editor's note: (1) This section is similar to former § 42-2-116 as it existed prior to 1994, and the former § 42-2-118 was relocated to § 42-2-121. (2) Amendments to subsection (1)(a) by Senate Bill 94-013 were harmonized with Senate Bill 94-001. (3) Amendments to subsection (3)(a) by Senate Bill 97-36 and House Bill 97-1003 were harmonized. (4) Subsection (1.3)(b)(II)(B) provided for the repeal of subsection (1.3)(b)(II), effective July 1, 2001. (See L. 2000, pp. 1342, 1362.) (5) Amendments to subsection (1)(a)(II)(A) by Senate Bill 07-037 and House Bill 071266 were harmonized. (6) Amendments to subsection (1)(a)(II)(A) by SB 17-223 and HB 17-1027 were harmonized. 42-2-119. Notices - change of address or name. (1) (a) Whenever any person, after applying for or receiving a driver's license or identification card, moves from the address named in such application or in the license or identification card issued to such person or when the name of the licensee is changed, such person shall, within thirty days, provide notice to the department of such person's old and new address and the number of any license or identification card held by such person. Such notice shall be provided to the department in writing or in electronic form on the department's official website. A licensee who changes his or her name shall, within thirty days, apply in person to renew such license pursuant to section 42-2-118 and in compliance with sections 42-2-107 and 42-2-305. (b) Repealed. / (Deleted by amendment, L. 2005, p. 645, § 11, effective May 27, 2005.) (2) All notices and orders required to be given to any licensee or registered owner under the provisions of the motor vehicle laws shall be in writing; and, if mailed, postpaid by first-class mail, to him or her at the last-known address shown by the records kept by the department pursuant to this article. Such mailing shall be sufficient notice in accord with the motor vehicle laws. Any notice or order of the department mailed first-class under the provisions of this title creates a presumption for administrative purposes that such notice or order was received if the department maintains a copy of the notice or order and maintains a certification that the notice or order was deposited in the United States mail by an employee of the department. Evidence of a copy of the notice mailed to the last-known address of the licensee as shown by the records kept by the department pursuant to this article and a certification of mailing by a department employee, or evidence of delivery of notice in person to the last-known address of the licensee as shown by the records kept by the department pursuant to this article, or evidence of personal service upon the licensee or upon any attorney appearing on the licensee's behalf of the order of denial, cancellation, suspension, or revocation of the license by the executive director of the department, or by the executive director's duly authorized representative, is prima facie proof that the licensee received personal notice of said denial, cancellation, suspension, or revocation. (2.5) Repealed. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 75 of 764 Uncertified Printout (3) Any person who violates subsection (1) of this section commits a class B traffic infraction. Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2126, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. L. 98: (1) amended, p. 1102, § 23, effective June 1. L. 99: (1)(b) amended, p. 996, § 2, effective May 29. L. 2000: (2) amended, p. 1640, § 24, effective June 1. L. 2005: (1) and (2) amended, p. 645, § 11, effective May 27; (1)(b) repealed, p. 1172, § 6, effective August 8. L. 2010: (1)(a) amended and (2.5) added, (HB 10-1045), ch. 317, p. 1479, § 3, effective July 1, 2011. L. 2017: (2.5) repealed, (HB 17-1107), ch. 101, p. 366, § 9, effective August 9. Editor's note: (1) This section is similar to former § 42-2-117 as it existed prior to 1994, and the former § 42-2-119 was relocated to § 42-2-122. (2) Amendments to subsection (1)(b) by Senate Bill 05-047 and House Bill 05-1107 were harmonized. 42-2-120. Methods of service. (1) Any notice or order required to be served under the provisions of the motor vehicle laws may be served in any manner reasonably designed to notify the person to be served of the material provisions of such notice or order. A person has been served with a notice or order when such person has knowledge of the material provisions of such notice or order, regardless of the manner in which such knowledge was acquired. Any irregularity in the form or manner of service or documentation of the proof of service or the means by which knowledge of the material provisions of a notice or order is acquired shall not affect the validity of such notice or order. (2) For purposes of notices or orders relating to driving restraints only, "material provisions" means those provisions which identify the affected person, and those provisions which state that a restraint against the person's license or privilege to drive in this state has been, or will be, entered on the records of the department, or those provisions which advise the person that he or she has a right to request a hearing regarding the imposition of a restraint against such person's license or privilege to drive. (3) The department shall develop proof of service forms which may be used to document proof of service under this subsection (3). Such forms shall include but need not be limited to the following: (a) The name and date of birth of the person served; (b) The date and time of service; (c) The identification number of the notice or order served, if any, or, in the event the notice or order is not available, a description of the information relayed to the person served; (d) The name, title, signature, and employing agency of the person making service; (e) The signature of the person served; and (f) The right index fingerprint of the person served. (4) In addition to service by mail or any other means, service of notices or orders may be personally made by any employee of the department, any peace officer, any municipal, county, or state prosecutor, or any municipal, county or district court judge, magistrate, or judicial officer. If service is personally made under this subsection (4), proof of such service of any notice or order may be made by sending a written notification of service in any form to the department. Such notification shall be an official record of the department under section 42-2Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 76 of 764 Uncertified Printout 121. It shall not be necessary that the written notification is on a form supplied by the department, but the department may refuse to accept as an official record a written notification which does not provide substantially the same information as specified in subsection (3) of this section. (5) Peace officers and employees of the department shall serve notices and orders relating to driving restraints upon the affected person anytime the affected person is contacted by a peace officer or employee of the department, when such peace officer or employee believes that the affected person may not have been previously personally served with any notice or order affecting such person's license or privilege to drive a motor vehicle in this state. Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2127, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. Editor's note: This section is similar to former § 42-2-117.5 as it existed prior to 1994, and the former § 42-2-120 was relocated to § 42-2-123. 42-2-121. Records to be kept by department - admission of records in court. (1) The department shall file every completed application for a license received by it and shall maintain suitable indexes containing in alphabetical order: (a) All applications denied and on each thereof note the reasons for such denial; (b) All applications granted; and (c) The name of every licensee whose license has been suspended or revoked by the department and after each such name note the reasons for such action in each case. (2) (a) The department shall also file all accident reports, abstracts of court records of convictions received by it under the laws of this state, departmental actions, suspensions, restrictions, revocations, denials, cancellations, reinstatements, and other permanent records and, in connection therewith, maintain a driver's history by making suitable notations in order that an individual record of each licensee showing the convictions of such licensee, the departmental actions, and the traffic accidents in which the licensee has been involved, except those accidents not resulting in a conviction and those traffic violations which occur outside of the boundaries of this state, shall be readily ascertainable and available for the consideration of the department upon any application for renewal of license and at other suitable times. (b) The department shall also keep a separate file of all abstracts of court records of dismissals of DUI, DUI per se, DWAI, and UDD charges and all abstracts of records in cases where the original charges were for DUI, DUI per se, DWAI, and UDD and the convictions were for nonalcohol- or nondrug-related traffic offenses. This file shall be made available only to criminal justice agencies, as defined in section 24-72-302 (3), C.R.S. (c) (I) The following records and documents filed with, maintained by, or prepared by the department are official records and documents of the state of Colorado: (A) Accident reports; (B) Abstracts of court records of convictions received by the department under the laws of the state of Colorado; (C) Records of and documents relating to departmental actions pertaining to the driving privileges of any person concerning licensing, restrictions, probationary conditions, suspensions, revocations, denials, cancellations, or reinstatements of such driving privileges; Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 77 of 764 Uncertified Printout (D) Records of and documents relating to the status of any person's privilege to drive a vehicle in the state of Colorado on a specific date or dates; (E) Drivers' histories; (F) Records of and documents relating to the identification of persons, including, but not limited to, photographs, fingerprints, handwriting, physical features, physical characteristics, dates of birth, and addresses; (G) Records of and documents relating to the ownership, registration, transfer, and licensing of vehicles; (H) All other records and documents required by law or rule and regulation to be kept by the department; (I) Written summaries and data compilations, if prepared by the department from records and documents filed with, maintained by, or prepared by the department, as defined in subsubparagraphs (A) to (H) of this subparagraph (I); (J) Written guidelines, procedures, policies, and rules and regulations of the department. (II) In any trial or hearing, all official records and documents of the state of Colorado, as defined in subparagraph (I) of this paragraph (c), shall be admissible in all municipal, county, and district courts within the state of Colorado without further foundation, shall be statutory exceptions to rule 802 of the Colorado rules of evidence, and shall constitute prima facie proof of the information contained therein, if such record or document is accompanied by a certificate stating that the executive director of the department or the executive director's appointee has custody of such record or document and is accompanied by and attached to a cover page which: (A) Specifies the number of pages, exclusive of such cover page, which constitutes the record or document being submitted; and (B) Bears the signature of the executive director of the department or the executive director's appointee attesting to the genuineness of such record or document; and (C) Bears the official seal of the department or a stamped or printed facsimile of such seal. (III) For purposes of subparagraph (II) of this paragraph (c), "official records and documents" shall include any mechanically or electronically reproduced copy, photograph, or printout of any record or document or any portion of any record or document filed with, maintained by, or prepared by the department pursuant to this paragraph (c). The department may also permit the electronic transmission of information for direct recording in the department's records and systems. Information transmitted by an electronic means that is approved by the department constitutes an official record for the purposes of this section whether or not an original source document for such information exists or ever existed. (III.5) The certificate and cover page and its contents required by subparagraph (II) of this paragraph (c) may be electronically produced and transmitted. An electronic reproduction of the certificate and cover page, including an electronic signature of the executive director of the department or of the executive director's appointee and an electronic reproduction of the official seal of the department, shall be admissible in court as provided in subparagraph (II) of this paragraph (c). (IV) For purposes of subparagraph (II) of this paragraph (c), a record or document shall not be required to include every page of a record or document filed with, maintained by, or prepared by the department pursuant to this paragraph (c) to be an official record or document, if such official record or document includes all of those portions of such record or document Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 78 of 764 Uncertified Printout relevant to the trial or hearing for which it is prepared. There shall be a presumption that such official record or document contains all that is relevant to such trial or hearing. (d) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph (a) of this subsection (2), the department shall not maintain records of convictions of traffic offenses defined in this title for which no points are assessed pursuant to section 42-2-127 (5) other than convictions pursuant to sections 42-2-134, 42-2-138, 42-2-206, and 42-7-422. (e) Records or documents filed with, maintained by, or prepared by another state that are equivalent to the records maintained in Colorado under paragraph (a) of this subsection (2) shall be admissible in a trial or hearing in accordance with this section. (3) The department seal required under subsection (2) of this section and under section 42-1-205 may also consist of a rubber stamp producing a facsimile of the seal stamped upon the document. (4) (a) The department shall place a confidentiality notice on any driver's license application form under section 42-2-107, driver's license renewal application under section 42-2118, duplicate driver's license application under section 42-2-117, commercial driver's license application under section 42-2-404, identification card application form under section 42-2-302, motor vehicle title application form under section 42-6-116, or motor vehicle registration application form under section 42-3-113. The department shall indicate in such notice that, unless the person waives his or her confidentiality, the information contained in the person's motor vehicle or driver record shall not be used for any purpose other than a purpose authorized by law. (b) The department shall prepare a confidentiality waiver form and shall provide the form to the designated agents of the department. The department and the designated agents shall make such form available to any person on request. The department and the designated agents shall be the sole distributors of such form. The form shall contain instructions for filing the form with the department. (I) to (IV) (Deleted by amendment, L. 2000, p. 1341, § 3, effective May 30, 2000.) (c) Any person executing a waiver under this subsection (4) that information in motor vehicle or driver records may be used for any purpose shall provide the information requested by the department in the confidentiality waiver form and file the form directly with the department. The department shall process such forms and shall notify the designated agents regarding which motor vehicle and driver records are subject to confidentiality waivers. (d) A confidentiality waiver expires upon a request by the person to rescind the confidentiality waiver or upon the renewal of the motor vehicle or driver record; except that a confidentiality waiver form filed in connection with a motor vehicle registration application shall remain in force until the motor vehicle is transferred or the person requests that the confidentiality waiver be rescinded. (e) The department shall make reasonable efforts to ensure that confidential records are not visible or accessible to the public and shall establish procedures to protect the contents of the records against inadvertent disclosure. (5) (a) Upon application by a person, the department shall expunge all records concerning a conviction of a person for UDD with a BAC of at least 0.02 but not more than 0.05 and any records concerning an administrative determination resulting in a revocation under section 42-2-126 (3)(b) or (3)(e) if: Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 79 of 764 Uncertified Printout (I) Such person presents a request for expungement to the department and provides all information required by the department to process such request; (II) Such person is over twenty-one years of age and any department action regarding the offense or administrative determination has been concluded; (III) The person has not been convicted for any other DUI, DUI per se, DWAI, or UDD offense that was committed while such person was under twenty-one years of age and is not subject to any other administrative determination resulting in a revocation under section 42-2126 for any other occurrence while such person was under twenty-one years of age; (IV) Such person pays the fine and surcharge for such conviction and completes any other requirements of the court with regard to such conviction, including, but not limited to, any order to pay restitution to any party; (V) Such person has never held a commercial driver's license as defined in section 42-2402; and (VI) Such person was not operating a commercial motor vehicle as defined in section 42-2-402. (b) Upon receiving a request for expungement, the department may delay consideration of the request until sufficient time has elapsed to ensure that the person is not convicted for any additional offense under section 42-4-1301 committed while the person was under twenty-one years of age and that there is no additional administrative determination resulting in a revocation under section 42-2-126 (3)(b) or (3)(e) for actions taken while the person was under twenty-one years of age. (6) The department shall electronically transmit the name, address, telephone number, date of birth, and gender of each individual who has volunteered to donate organs or tissue upon death on an instructional permit, a minor driver's license, a driver's license, an identification card, or any other license application received by it to the organ and tissue donor registry authorized in section 15-19-220. Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2128, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. L. 96: (2)(c)(III) amended, p. 637, § 1, effective May 1. L. 97: (5) added, p. 1459, § 1, effective July 1; (4) added, p. 1052, § 4, effective September 1. L. 98: IP(5)(a) and (5)(a)(III) amended, p. 173, § 1, effective April 6. L. 2000: (4) amended, p. 1341, § 3, effective May 30; (6) added, p. 732, § 12, effective July 1. L. 2001: (4)(a) amended, p. 1283, § 66, effective June 5. L. 2004: (2)(c)(III.5) added, p. 1379, § 5, effective July 1. L. 2005: (2)(e) added, p. 646, § 12, effective May 27; (4)(a) amended, p. 1173, § 7, effective August 8. L. 2007: (6) amended, p. 800, § 12, effective July 1. L. 2008: (2)(b), IP(5)(a), (5)(a)(III), and (5)(b) amended, p. 244, § 5, effective July 1; IP(5)(a) amended and (5)(a)(V) and (5)(a)(VI) added, p. 474, § 4, effective July 1. L. 2013: (2)(b) and (5)(a)(III) amended, (HB 13-1325), ch. 331, p. 1879, § 5, effective May 28. L. 2017: (4)(e) added, (SB 17-286), ch. 388, p. 2007, § 2, effective August 9; (6) amended, (SB 17-223), ch. 158, p. 565, § 20, effective August 9. Editor's note: (1) This section is similar to former § 42-2-118 as it existed prior to 1994, and the former § 42-2-121 was relocated to § 42-2-124. (2) Amendments to the introductory portion to subsection (5)(a) by House Bill 08-1121 and House Bill 08-1166 were harmonized. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 80 of 764 Uncertified Printout Cross references: For the legislative declaration contained in the 1997 act enacting subsection (4), see section 1 of chapter 201, Session Laws of Colorado 1997. 42-2-121.5. Emergency contact information - website form - license application driver's license database. (1) (a) No later than January 1, 2009, the department shall create and make available on its official website an electronic form that allows a person with a driver's license, minor driver's license, instruction permit, or temporary driver's license issued pursuant to this part 1 or an identification card issued pursuant to part 3 of this article to input the names, addresses, and telephone numbers of up to two persons to be contacted in an emergency pursuant to subsection (3) of this section. The form shall include a statement that the information may be disclosed only to authorized law enforcement or public safety personnel for the purpose of notifying the persons listed in an emergency and a place for the person entering the information to assent to the use of the information for this purpose. (b) The department shall add the emergency contact information received from a person in accordance with paragraph (a) of this subsection (1) to the person's record in the driver's license database. (2) (a) On and after January 1, 2009, the department shall include on the application form for a driver's license, minor driver's license, or instruction permit used pursuant to section 42-2-107, the driver's license renewal application used pursuant to section 42-2-118, the duplicate driver's license application used pursuant to section 42-2-117, and the identification card application form used pursuant to section 42-2-302 a place for the applicant to specify the names, addresses, and telephone numbers of up to two persons to be contacted in an emergency pursuant to subsection (3) of this section. The application shall include a statement that the information will be disclosed only to authorized law enforcement or public safety personnel for the purpose of notifying the persons listed in an emergency and a place for the person providing the information to assent to the use of the information for this purpose. (b) The department shall add the emergency contact information specified on an application in accordance with paragraph (a) of this subsection (2) to the person's record in the driver's license database. (3) An officer of a law enforcement or public safety agency who is authorized to access the driver's license database may obtain a person's emergency contact information from the database if the person is injured or killed as a result of an accident, criminal act, or other emergency situation. The officer may contact the persons listed in the emergency contact information and notify them of the emergency situation and the condition and location of the person who has been injured or killed. (4) The department shall not disclose the information received in accordance with this section to any person except as authorized by subsection (3) of this section and section 24-72204 (7)(d), C.R.S. Source: L. 2008: Entire section added, p. 1519, § 1, effective May 28. 42-2-122. Department may cancel license - limited license for physical or mental limitations. (1) The department has the authority to cancel, deny, or deny the reissuance of any driver's or minor driver's license upon determining that the licensee was not entitled to the issuance for any of the following reasons: Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 81 of 764 Uncertified Printout (a) Failure to give the required or correct information in an application, or commission of any fraud in making such application or in submitting any proof allowed under this section; (b) Inability to operate a motor vehicle because of physical or mental incompetence; (c) Permission of an unlawful or fraudulent use or conviction of misuse of license, titles, permits, or license plates; (d) That such license would have been subject to denial under the provisions of section 42-2-104; (e) Failure of the licensee to register in Colorado all vehicles owned by the licensee under the requirements of section 42-3-103; (f) The person is not lawfully present in the United States; (g) The person is not a resident of the state of Colorado; (h) (I) The person has an outstanding judgment or warrant referred to in section 42-41709 (7) issued against such person; except that, as used in this paragraph (h), "judgment or warrant" shall not include any judgment or warrant reported to the department in violation of section 42-4-110.5 (2)(c). (II) Upon receipt of a judgment or warrant from a court clerk on or after September 1, 2000, the department shall send written notice to the person identified in the court order that such person is required to provide the department with proof that the judgment or warrant is no longer outstanding within thirty days after the date such notice is sent or such person's driver's license shall be canceled or any application for a new license shall be denied. Proof that the judgment or warrant is no longer outstanding shall be in the form of a certificate issued by the clerk of the court entering the judgment or issuing the warrant in a form approved by the executive director. (III) If acceptable proof is not received by the department within thirty days after notice was sent, the department shall cancel the driver's license or deny any application for a license of the person against whom the judgment was entered or the warrant was issued. (IV) The general assembly finds that the department currently has record of a large number of outstanding judgments and warrants and that it does not know whether such judgments and warrants are still outstanding. All outstanding judgments and warrants that are in the department's records as of August 31, 2000, shall be deemed void for purposes of this section effective September 1, 2005. (i) Failure of the person to complete a level II alcohol and drug education and treatment program certified by the office of behavioral health in the department of human services pursuant to section 42-4-1301.3, as required by section 42-2-126 (4)(d)(II)(A) or 42-2-132 (2)(a)(II). The failure must be documented pursuant to section 42-2-144. (2) The department has the authority to cancel any driver's or minor driver's license if, subsequent to the issuance of such license, the department has authentic information that a condition developed or an act was committed which places such licensee in one of the categories for which cancellation is authorized. (2.5) (a) Any person who has had a driver's or minor driver's license or driving privilege cancelled pursuant to paragraph (b) of subsection (1) of this section who is receiving or has received therapy treatment for physical or mental incompetence or an evaluation for such incompetence through a rehabilitation provider or licensed physician certified by the department to provide rehabilitative driving instruction may receive a limited license with such limitations Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 82 of 764 Uncertified Printout as the department deems necessary after consultation with and upon the recommendation of the rehabilitation provider or licensed physician. (b) (I) Any person licensed pursuant to this subsection (2.5) shall be subject to the examination requirements set forth in section 42-2-111. (II) Rehabilitation providers and licensed physicians shall be subject to the provisions governing medical advice in section 42-2-112. (c) The department shall adopt rules as necessary to carry out this subsection (2.5). (3) Upon such cancellation, the licensee must surrender the license so cancelled to the department, and thereafter such licensee shall be entitled to a hearing by the department if such license is returned and if such request is made within thirty days from the date of such cancellation; except that a denial or cancellation under paragraph (h) or (i) of subsection (1) of this section shall be deemed to be final agency action for judicial review purposes under section 24-4-104, C.R.S. Such hearing, if requested, shall be held no later than thirty days from the date of such cancellation. Notification of such cancellation shall be given as provided in section 42-2119. (4) (a) Upon the holding of a hearing as provided in subsection (3) of this section or upon determination by the department, the license shall be returned if the licensee is able to prove that cancellation should not have been made. When the original cancellation is sustained by the department, such licensee may apply for and receive a new license whenever the licensee can show that the reason for the original cancellation no longer applies. The licensee may also appeal the decision of the department after the hearing to the district court as provided in section 42-2-135. (b) A licensee who has proved that cancellation should not have been made shall not be required to give proof of financial responsibility pursuant to article 7 of this title. Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2130, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. L. 95: (2.5) added and (4) amended, p. 707, § 2, effective May 23. L. 97: (1)(e) added, p. 1001, § 2, effective August 6. L. 98: (1)(f) and (1)(g) added, p. 295, § 2, effective July 1. L. 2000: (1)(a) and (3) amended and (1)(h) added, p. 804, § 1, effective August 2; IP(1), (2), and (2.5)(a) amended, p. 1352, § 22, effective July 1, 2001. L. 2001: (1)(i) added and (3) amended pp. 786, 787, §§ 2, 3, effective June 1. L. 2002: (1)(i) amended, p. 1921, § 16, effective July 1. L. 2005: (4)(a) amended, p. 646, § 13, effective May 27. L. 2008: (1)(i) amended, p. 245, § 6, effective July 1. L. 2011: (1)(i) amended, (HB 11-1303), ch. 264, p. 1178, § 100, effective August 10. L. 2017: IP(1) and (1)(i) amended, (SB 17-242), ch. 263, p. 1257, § 19, effective May 25. Editor's note: This section is similar to former § 42-2-119 as it existed prior to 1994, and the former § 42-2-122 was relocated to § 42-2-125. Cross references: For the legislative declaration contained in the 2001 act enacting subsection (1)(i) and amending subsection (3), see section 1 of chapter 229, Session Laws of Colorado 2001. For the legislative declaration in SB 17-242, see section 1 of chapter 263, Session Laws of Colorado 2017. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 83 of 764 Uncertified Printout 42-2-123. Suspending privileges of nonresidents and reporting convictions. (1) The privilege of driving a motor vehicle on the highways of this state given to a nonresident is subject to suspension or revocation by the department in like manner and for like cause as a driver's license may be suspended or revoked. (2) The department is further authorized, upon receiving a record of the conviction in this state of a nonresident driver of a motor vehicle of any offense under the motor vehicle laws of this state, to forward a certified copy of such record to the motor vehicle administrator in the state wherein the person so convicted is a resident. Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2131, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. Editor's note: This section is similar to former § 42-2-120 as it existed prior to 1994, and the former § 42-2-123 was relocated to § 42-2-127. 42-2-124. When court to report convictions. (1) (a) Except as otherwise provided, whenever any person is convicted of any offense for which this article makes mandatory the revocation or suspension of the driver's or minor driver's license of such person by the department, the court in which such conviction is had shall require the offender to immediately surrender such driver's or minor driver's license or any instruction permit to the court at the time of conviction, and the court shall, not later than ten days after such conviction, forward the license to the department, together with a record of such conviction on the form prescribed by the department. Any person who does not immediately surrender such person's license or permit to the court commits a class 2 misdemeanor traffic offense, unless such person swears or affirms under oath administered by the court and subject to the penalties of perjury that the license or permit has been lost, destroyed, or is not in said person's immediate possession. Any person who swears or affirms that the license or permit is not in the immediate possession of said person shall surrender said license or permit to the court within five days of the sworn or affirmed statement, and if not surrendered within such time, said person commits a class 2 misdemeanor traffic offense. (b) Whenever the driver's history of any person shows that such driver is required to maintain financial responsibility for the future and is unable to show to the court that the driver is maintaining the required financial responsibility for the future, the court shall require the immediate surrender to it of the driver's, minor driver's, or temporary driver's license or any instruction permit held by such person, and the court, within forty-eight hours after receiving the license, shall forward the license to the department with the form prescribed by the department. (2) Every court having jurisdiction over offenses committed under this article or any other law of this state regulating the operation of motor vehicles on highways and every military authority having jurisdiction over offenses substantially the same as those set forth in section 422-127 (5) which occur on a federal military installation in this state shall forward to the department a record of the conviction of any person in said court or by said authority for a violation of any said laws not later than ten days after the day of sentencing for such conviction and may recommend the suspension or retention of the driver's, minor driver's, or temporary driver's license or any instruction permit of the person so convicted. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 84 of 764 Uncertified Printout (3) For the purposes of this section, the term "convicted" or "conviction" means a sentence imposed following a plea of guilty or nolo contendere, a verdict of guilty by the court or a jury, or an adjudication of a delinquency under title 19, C.R.S. The payment of a penalty assessment under the provisions of section 42-4-1701 shall also be considered a conviction if the summons states clearly the points to be assessed for that offense. Whenever suspension or revocation of a license is authorized or required for conviction of any offense under state law, a final finding of guilty of a violation of a municipal ordinance governing a substantially equivalent offense in a city, town, or city and county shall, for purposes of such suspension or revocation, be deemed and treated as a conviction of the corresponding offense under state law. A stay of sentence, pending appeal, shall not deprive the department of the authority to suspend, revoke, or deny a driver's or minor driver's license pending any final determination of a conviction on appeal. (4) An expungement of an adjudication of delinquency shall not result in a rescission of the revocation or suspension of the driving privilege unless said expungement is a result of a reversal of the adjudication on appeal. Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2131, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. L. 97: (4) amended, p. 1538, § 6, effective July 1. L. 98: (4) amended, p. 1436, § 7, effective July 1. L. 2000: (1), (2), and (3) amended, p. 1352, § 23, effective July 1, 2001. L. 2002: (1)(a) and (4) amended, p. 1585, § 17, effective July 1. L. 2004: (4) amended, p. 1131, § 4, effective July 1. L. 2005: (3) and (4) amended, p. 646, § 14, effective May 27. Editor's note: This section is similar to former § 42-2-121 as it existed prior to 1994, and the former § 42-2-124 was relocated to § 42-2-132. Cross references: For collateral attacks of traffic convictions, see §§ 42-4-1702 and 424-1708. 42-2-125. Mandatory revocation of license and permit. (1) The department shall immediately revoke the license or permit of any driver or minor driver upon receiving a record showing that the driver has: (a) Been convicted of vehicular homicide or vehicular assault as described in sections 18-3-106 and 18-3-205, C.R.S., or of criminally negligent homicide as described in section 18-3105, C.R.S., while driving a motor vehicle; (b) Been convicted of driving a motor vehicle while under the influence of a controlled substance, as defined in section 18-18-102 (5), C.R.S.; (b.5) In the case of a driver twenty-one years of age or older, been convicted of an offense described in section 42-4-1301 (1)(a) or (2)(a). Except as provided in section 42-2-132.5, the period of revocation based upon this paragraph (b.5) shall be nine months. The provisions of this paragraph (b.5) shall not apply to a person whose driving privilege was revoked pursuant to section 42-2-126 (3)(a)(I) for a first offense based on the same driving incident. (c) Been convicted of any felony in the commission of which a motor vehicle was used; (d) Been convicted of failing to stop and render aid as required by section 42-4-1601; Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 85 of 764 Uncertified Printout (e) Been convicted of perjury in the first or second degree or the making of a false affidavit or statement under oath to the department under any law relating to the ownership or operation of a motor vehicle; (f) Been three times convicted of reckless driving of a motor vehicle for acts committed within a period of two years; (g) (I) Been twice convicted of any combination of DUI, DUI per se, or DWAI for acts committed within a period of five years; (II) In the case of a minor driver, been convicted of DUI, DUI per se, or DWAI committed while such driver was under twenty-one years of age; (g.5) In the case of a minor driver, been convicted of UDD committed when such driver was under twenty-one years of age; (h) Been determined to be mentally incompetent by a court of competent jurisdiction and for whom a court has entered, pursuant to part 3 or part 4 of article 14 of title 15, C.R.S., or section 27-65-109 (4) or 27-65-127, C.R.S., an order specifically finding that the mental incompetency is of such a degree that the person is incapable of safely operating a motor vehicle; (i) Been convicted of DUI, DUI per se, or DWAI and has two previous convictions of any of those offenses. The department shall revoke the license of any driver for an indefinite period and only reissue it upon proof to the department that the driver has completed a level II alcohol and drug education and treatment program certified by the office of behavioral health in the department of human services pursuant to section 42-4-1301.3 and that the driver has demonstrated knowledge of the laws and driving ability through the regular motor vehicle testing process. The department shall not reissue the license in less than two years. (j) Been required to file and maintain proof of financial responsibility for the future as provided by section 42-4-1410 or article 7 of this title and who, at the time of a violation of any provision of this title, had not filed or was not maintaining such proof; (k) Repealed. (l) Been found to have knowingly and willfully left the scene of an accident involving a commercial motor vehicle driven by the person; (m) (I) Been convicted of violating section 18-13-122 (3) or 44-3-901 (1)(c) or (1)(d) or any counterpart municipal charter or ordinance offense to such sections and having failed to complete an alcohol evaluation or assessment, an alcohol education program, or an alcohol treatment program ordered by the court in connection with such conviction; or (II) Been convicted of violating section 18-13-122 (3) or 44-3-901 (1)(c) or (1)(d) or any counterpart municipal charter or ordinance offense to such sections and has a previous conviction for such offenses; (n) (Deleted by amendment, L. 2009, (HB 09-1266), ch. 347, p. 1816, § 8, effective August 5, 2009.) (o) Been: (I) (Deleted by amendment, L. 2009, (HB 09-1266), ch. 347, p. 1816, § 8, effective August 5, 2009.) (II) Convicted of, or has received a deferred judgment for, an offense described in section 18-4-409 or 18-4-503 (1)(c), C.R.S., or a comparable municipal charter or ordinance offense. (III) (Deleted by amendment, L. 2007, p. 504, § 3, effective July 1, 2007.) Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 86 of 764 Uncertified Printout (2) Unless otherwise provided in this section, the period of revocation shall be not less than one year; except that the period of revocation based on paragraphs (b) and (c) of subsection (1) of this section involving a commercial motor vehicle transporting hazardous materials as defined under section 42-2-402 (7) shall result in a revocation period of three years. (2.3) (Deleted by amendment, L. 2007, p. 504, § 3, effective July 1, 2007.) (2.4) After the expiration of the period of revocation pursuant to this section and any subsequently imposed periods of revocation, any person whose license is revoked under subparagraph (I) of paragraph (g) or paragraph (i) of subsection (1) of this section shall be required to have a restricted license pursuant to the provisions of section 42-2-132.5. (2.5) The period of revocation under paragraph (g.5) of subsection (1) of this section for a person who is less than twenty-one years of age at the time of the offense and who is convicted of driving with an alcohol content of at least 0.02 but not more than 0.05 under section 42-41301 (2)(d) is as follows: (a) Except as provided in subsection (2.7) of this section, three months for a first offense; (b) Six months for a second offense; (c) One year for a third or subsequent offense. (2.7) (a) A person whose license is revoked for a first offense under paragraph (g.5) of subsection (1) of this section may request that, in lieu of the three-month revocation, the person's license be revoked for a period of not less than thirty days, to be followed by a suspension period of such length that the total period of revocation and suspension equals three months. If the hearing officer approves such request, the hearing officer may grant such person a probationary license that may be used only for the reasons provided in section 42-2-127 (14)(a). (b) The hearing to consider a request under paragraph (a) of this subsection (2.7) may be held at the same time as the hearing held under subsection (4) of this section; except that a probationary license may not become effective until at least thirty days have elapsed since the beginning of the revocation period. (2.8) Repealed. (3) Upon revoking the license of any person as required by this section, the department shall immediately notify the licensee as provided in section 42-2-119 (2). Where a minor driver's license is revoked under paragraph (m) of subsection (1) of this section, such revocation shall not run concurrently with any previous or subsequent suspension, revocation, cancellation, or denial that is provided for by law. (4) Upon receipt of the notice of revocation, the licensee or the licensee's attorney may request a hearing in writing, if the licensee has returned said license to the department in accordance with the provisions of section 42-2-133. The department, upon notice to the licensee, shall hold a hearing at the district office of the department closest to the residence of the licensee; except that, at the discretion of the department, all or part of the hearing may be conducted in real time, by telephone or other electronic means in accordance with section 42-1218.5. The department shall hold the hearing not less than thirty days after receiving such license and request through a hearing commissioner appointed by the executive director of the department, which hearing shall be conducted in accordance with the provisions of section 24-4105, C.R.S. After such hearing, the licensee may appeal the decision of the department to the district court as provided in section 42-2-135. Should a driver who has had his or her license revoked under this section be subsequently acquitted of such charge by a court of record, the Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 87 of 764 Uncertified Printout department shall immediately, in any event not later than ten days after the receipt of such notice of acquittal, reinstate said license to the driver affected. (5) Except where more than one revocation occurs as a result of the same episode of driving, license revocations made pursuant to this section shall not run concurrently with any previous or subsequent revocation or denial in lieu of revocation which is provided for by law. Any revocation unused pursuant to this section shall not preclude other actions which the department is required to take pursuant to the provisions of this title, and unless otherwise provided by law, this subsection (5) shall not prohibit revocations from being served concurrently with any suspension or denial in lieu of suspension of driving privileges. (6) (a) Any person who has a license revoked pursuant to paragraph (m) of subsection (1) of this section shall be subject to the following revocation periods: (I) After a first conviction and failure to complete an ordered evaluation, assessment, or program, three months; (II) After a second conviction, six months; (III) After any third or subsequent conviction, one year. (b) (Deleted by amendment, L. 2007, p. 504, § 3, effective July 1, 2007.) (c) Repealed. (7) (Deleted by amendment, L. 2009, (HB 09-1266), ch. 347, p. 1816, § 8, effective August 5, 2009.) (8) If a suspension or revocation of a license is authorized or required for conviction of an offense under state law, a final finding of guilt for a violation of a municipal ordinance governing a substantially equivalent offense in a municipality, county, or another state for purposes of a suspension or revocation shall be deemed as a conviction of the corresponding offense under state law. A stay of sentence or a pending appeal shall not deprive the department of the authority to suspend, revoke, or deny a driver's license or minor driver's license pending a final determination of a conviction on appeal. Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2133, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. L. 95: (1)(m) amended, p. 314, § 2, effective July 1. L. 96: (1)(j) amended, p. 1207, § 1, effective July 1. L. 97: (1)(g) and (1)(i) amended and (1)(g.5), (2.5), and (2.7) added, p. 1460, §§ 3, 2, effective July 1; (1)(m) amended, p. 305, § 22, effective July 1; (1)(n) and (7) added and (3) amended, p. 1537, §§ 3, 4, effective July 1. L. 98: IP(2.5) amended, p. 173, § 2, effective April 6; (1)(k), (3), and (6) amended, p. 1434, § 3, effective July 1. L. 99: (1)(n) amended, p. 391, § 2, effective July 1; (2.3) and (2.4) added, p. 1158, § 1, effective July 1. L. 2000: (1)(g) and (2.4) amended, p. 1075, § 2, effective July 1; IP(1), (1)(g)(II), (1)(g.5), (1)(k)(II), (3), and (7) amended, p. 1353, § 24, effective July 1, 2001; (6)(c)(II) added by revision, pp. 1353, 1362, §§ 24, 49. L. 2001: (4) amended, p. 553, § 3, effective May 23. L. 2002: (1)(i) amended, p. 1921, § 17, effective July 1; (1)(k) repealed, p. 1585, § 16, effective July 1. L. 2003: (1)(n) amended, p. 1905, § 5, effective July 1; (1)(o) and (2.8) added, pp. 1845, 1846, §§ 3, 5, effective July 1. L. 2005: IP(1)(o) amended and (8) added, p. 647, § 15, effective May 27. L. 2007: (1)(d), (1)(o), (2), (2.3), (2.8), (3), IP(6)(a), (6)(b), and (8) amended, p. 504, § 3, effective July 1. L. 2008: (1)(g), (1)(g.5), and (1)(i) amended, p. 245, § 7, effective July 1; (1)(b.5) added and (1)(g)(I) and (2) amended, p. 832, § 2, effective January 1, 2009. L. 2009: (1)(m), (1)(n), (1)(o)(I), (3), (6)(a), and (7) amended, (HB 09-1266), ch. 347, p. 1816, § 8, effective August 5. L. 2010: (1)(h) amended, (SB 10-175), ch. 188, p. 807, § 85, effective April 29. L. 2011: (1)(i) amended, (HB Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 88 of 764 Uncertified Printout 11-1303), ch. 264, p. 1179, § 101, effective August 10. L. 2012: (1)(b) amended, (HB 12-1311), ch. 281, p. 1631, § 88, effective July 1. L. 2013: (1)(b), (1)(g), and (1)(i) amended, (HB 131325), ch. 331, p. 1880, § 7, effective May 28. L. 2014: (1)(m) amended, (SB 14-129), ch. 387, p. 1939, § 11, effective June 6. L. 2015: IP(2.5) amended, (HB 15-1043), ch. 262, p. 997, § 6, effective August 5. L. 2016: (2.8) repealed, (SB 16-065), ch. 277, p. 1143, § 2, effective July 1. L. 2017: IP(1) and (1)(i) amended, (SB 17-242), ch. 263, p. 1257, § 20, effective May 25. L. 2018: (1)(m) amended, (HB 18-1025), ch. 152, p. 1082, § 23, effective October 1. Editor's note: (1) This section is similar to former § 42-2-122 as it existed prior to 1994, and the former § 42-2-125 was relocated to § 42-2-133. (2) Amendments to subsection (1)(g)(II) by Senate Bill 00-018 and Senate Bill 00-011 were harmonized, effective July 1, 2001. Amendments to subsection (1)(g)(I) by House Bill 081166 and House Bill 08-1194 were harmonized, effective January 1, 2009. (3) Subsection (6)(c)(II) provided for the repeal of subsection (6)(c), effective July 1, 2001. (See L. 2000, pp. 1353, 1362.) Cross references: For the legislative declaration contained in the 2008 act enacting subsection (1)(b.5) and amending subsections (1)(g)(I) and (2), see section 1 of chapter 221, Session Laws of Colorado 2008. For the legislative declaration in SB 17-242, see section 1 of chapter 263, Session Laws of Colorado 2017. 42-2-126. Revocation of license based on administrative determination. (1) Legislative declaration. The purposes of this section are: (a) To provide safety for all persons using the highways of this state by quickly revoking the driver's license of any person who has shown himself or herself to be a safety hazard by driving with an excessive amount of alcohol in his or her body and any person who has refused to submit to an analysis as required by section 42-4-1301.1; (b) To guard against the potential for any erroneous deprivation of the driving privilege by providing an opportunity for a full hearing; and (c) Following the revocation period, to prevent the relicensing of a person until the department is satisfied that the person's alcohol problem is under control and that the person no longer constitutes a safety hazard to other highway users. (2) Definitions. As used in this section, unless the context otherwise requires: (a) "Excess BAC" means that a person had a BAC level sufficient to subject the person to a license revocation for excess BAC 0.08, excess BAC underage, excess BAC CDL, or excess BAC underage CDL. (b) "Excess BAC 0.08" means that a person drove a vehicle in this state when the person's BAC was 0.08 or more at the time of driving or within two hours after driving. (c) "Excess BAC CDL" means that a person drove a commercial motor vehicle in this state when the person's BAC was 0.04 or more at the time of driving or at any time thereafter. (d) "Excess BAC underage" means that a person was under the age of twenty-one years and the person drove a vehicle in this state when the person's BAC was in excess of 0.02 but less than 0.08 at the time of driving or within two hours after driving. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 89 of 764 Uncertified Printout (e) "Excess BAC underage CDL" means that a person was under the age of twenty-one years and the person drove a commercial motor vehicle in this state when the person's BAC was in excess of 0.02 but less than 0.04 at the time of driving or at any time thereafter. (f) "Hearing officer" means the executive director of the department or an authorized representative designated by the executive director. (g) "License" includes driving privilege. (h) "Refusal" means refusing to take or complete, or to cooperate in the completing of, a test of the person's blood, breath, saliva, or urine as required by section 18-3-106 (4) or 18-3-205 (4), C.R.S., or section 42-4-1301.1 (2). (i) "Respondent" means a person who is the subject of a hearing under this section. (3) Revocation of license. (a) Excess BAC 0.08. (I) The department shall revoke the license of a person for excess BAC 0.08 for: (A) Nine months for a first violation committed on or after January 1, 2009; except that such a person may apply for a restricted license pursuant to the provisions of section 42-2-132.5; (B) One year for a second violation; and (C) Two years for a third or subsequent violation occurring on or after January 1, 2009, regardless of when the prior violations occurred; except that such a person may apply for a restricted license pursuant to the provisions of section 42-2-132.5. (II) (Deleted by amendment, L. 2008, p. 833, § 3, effective January 1, 2009.) (b) Excess BAC underage. (I) The department shall revoke the license of a person for excess BAC underage for three months for a first violation, for six months for a second violation, and for one year for a third or subsequent violation. (II) (A) Notwithstanding the provisions of subparagraph (I) of this paragraph (b), a person whose license is revoked for a first offense under subparagraph (I) of this paragraph (b) and whose BAC was not more than 0.05 may request that, in lieu of the three-month revocation, the person's license be revoked for a period of not less than thirty days, to be followed by a suspension period of such length that the total period of revocation and suspension equals three months. If the hearing officer approves the request, the hearing officer may grant the person a probationary license that may be used only for the reasons provided in section 42-2-127 (14)(a). (B) The hearing to consider a request under this subparagraph (II) may be held at the same time as the hearing held under subsection (8) of this section; except that a probationary license may not become effective until at least thirty days have elapsed since the beginning of the revocation period. (c) Refusal. (I) Except as provided in section 42-2-132.5 (4), the department shall revoke the license of a person for refusal for one year for a first violation, two years for a second violation, and three years for a third or subsequent violation; except that the period of revocation shall be at least three years if the person was driving a commercial motor vehicle that was transporting hazardous materials as defined in section 42-2-402 (7). (II) Notwithstanding the provisions of subparagraph (I) of this paragraph (c), such a person whose license has been revoked for two years for a second violation or for three years for a third or subsequent violation may apply for a restricted license pursuant to the provisions of section 42-2-132.5. (d) Excess BAC CDL. The department shall revoke for the disqualification period provided in 49 CFR 383.51 the commercial driving privilege of a person who was the holder of a Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 90 of 764 Uncertified Printout commercial driver's license or was driving a commercial motor vehicle for a violation of excess BAC 0.08, excess BAC CDL, or refusal. (e) Excess BAC underage CDL. The department shall revoke the commercial driving privilege of a person for excess BAC underage CDL for three months for a first violation, six months for a second violation, and one year for a third or subsequent violation. (4) Multiple restraints and conditions on driving privileges. (a) (I) Except as otherwise provided in this paragraph (a), a revocation imposed pursuant to this section for an offense committed before January 1, 2014, shall run consecutively and not concurrently with any other revocation imposed pursuant to this section. (II) If a license is revoked for excess BAC and the person is also convicted on criminal charges arising out of the same occurrence for DUI, DUI per se, DWAI, or UDD, both the revocation under this section and any suspension, revocation, cancellation, or denial that results from the conviction shall be imposed, but the periods shall run concurrently, and the total period of revocation, suspension, cancellation, or denial shall not exceed the longer of the two periods. (III) (A) If a license is revoked for refusal for an offense committed before January 1, 2014, the revocation shall not run concurrently, in whole or in part, with any previous or subsequent suspensions, revocations, or denials that may be provided for by law, including but not limited to any suspension, revocation, or denial that results from a conviction of criminal charges arising out of the same occurrence for a violation of section 42-4-1301. (B) If a license is revoked for refusal for an offense committed on or after January 1, 2014, and the person is also convicted on criminal charges arising out of the same occurrence for DUI, DUI per se, DWAI, or UDD, both the revocation under this section and any suspension, revocation, cancellation, or denial that results from the conviction shall be imposed, but the periods shall run concurrently. The total period of revocation, suspension, cancellation, or denial shall not exceed the longer of the two periods. (IV) The revocation of the commercial driving privilege under excess BAC CDL may run concurrently with another revocation pursuant to this section arising out of the same incident. (V) Any revocation for refusal shall not preclude other action that the department is required to take in the administration of this title. (b) (I) The periods of revocation specified in subsection (3) of this section are intended to be minimum periods of revocation for the described conduct. Except as described in section 42-2-132.5, a license shall not be restored under any circumstances, and a probationary license shall not be issued, during the revocation period. (II) Notwithstanding the provisions of subparagraph (I) of this paragraph (b), a person whose privilege to drive a commercial motor vehicle has been revoked because of excess BAC CDL and who was twenty-one years of age or older at the time of the offense may apply for a driver's license of another class or type as long as there is no other statutory reason to deny the person a license. The department may not issue the person a probationary license that would authorize the person to operate a commercial motor vehicle. (c) Upon the expiration of the period of revocation under this section, if a person's license is still suspended on other grounds, the person may seek a probationary license as authorized by section 42-2-127 (14) subject to the requirements of paragraph (d) of this subsection (4). Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 91 of 764 Uncertified Printout (d) (I) Following a license revocation, the department shall not issue a new license or otherwise restore the driving privilege unless the department is satisfied, after an investigation of the character, habits, and driving ability of the person, that it will be safe to grant the privilege of driving a motor vehicle on the highways to the person; except that the department may not require a person to undergo skills or knowledge testing prior to issuance of a new license or restoration of the person's driving privilege if the person's license was revoked for a first violation of excess BAC 0.08 or excess BAC underage. (II) (A) If a person was driving with excess BAC and the person had a BAC that was 0.15 or more or if the person's driving record otherwise indicates a designation as a persistent drunk driver as defined in section 42-1-102 (68.5), the department shall require the person to complete a level II alcohol and drug education and treatment program certified by the office of behavioral health in the department of human services pursuant to section 42-4-1301.3 as a condition to restoring driving privileges to the person and, upon the restoration of driving privileges, shall require the person to hold a restricted license requiring the use of an ignition interlock device pursuant to section 42-2-132.5 (1)(a)(II). (B) If a person seeking reinstatement is required to complete, but has not yet completed, a level II alcohol and drug education and treatment program, the person shall file with the department proof of current enrollment in a level II alcohol and drug education and treatment program certified by the office of behavioral health in the department of human services pursuant to section 42-4-1301.3, on a form approved by the department. (5) Actions of law enforcement officer. (a) If a law enforcement officer has probable cause to believe that a person should be subject to license revocation for excess BAC or refusal, the law enforcement officer shall forward to the department an affidavit containing information relevant to the legal issues and facts that shall be considered by the department to determine whether the person's license should be revoked as provided in subsection (3) of this section. The executive director of the department shall specify to law enforcement agencies the form of the affidavit to be used under this paragraph (a) and the types of information needed in the affidavit and may specify any additional documents or copies of documents needed by the department to make its determination in addition to the affidavit. The affidavit shall be dated, signed, and sworn to by the law enforcement officer under penalty of perjury, but need not be notarized or sworn to before any other person. (b) (I) A law enforcement officer, on behalf of the department, shall personally serve a notice of revocation on a person who is still available to the law enforcement officer if the law enforcement officer determines that, based on a refusal or on test results available to the law enforcement officer, the person's license is subject to revocation for excess BAC or refusal. (II) When a law enforcement officer serves a notice of revocation, the law enforcement officer shall take possession of any driver's license issued by this state or any other state that the person holds. When the law enforcement officer takes possession of a valid driver's license issued by this state or any other state, the law enforcement officer, acting on behalf of the department, shall issue a temporary permit that is valid for seven days after the date of issuance. (III) A copy of the completed notice of revocation form, a copy of any completed temporary permit form, and any driver's, minor driver's, or temporary driver's license or any instruction permit taken into possession under this section shall be forwarded to the department by the law enforcement officer along with an affidavit as described in paragraph (a) of this Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 92 of 764 Uncertified Printout subsection (5) and any additional documents or copies of documents as described in said paragraph (a). (IV) The department shall provide to law enforcement agencies forms for notice of revocation and for temporary permits. The law enforcement agencies shall use the forms for the notice of revocation and for temporary permits and shall follow the form and provide the information for affidavits as provided by the department pursuant to paragraph (a) of this subsection (5). (V) A law enforcement officer shall not issue a temporary permit to a person who is already driving with a temporary permit issued pursuant to subparagraph (II) of this paragraph (b). (6) Initial determination and notice of revocation. (a) Upon receipt of an affidavit of a law enforcement officer and the relevant documents required by paragraph (a) of subsection (5) of this section, the department shall determine whether the person's license should be revoked under subsection (3) of this section. The determination shall be based upon the information contained in the affidavit and the relevant documents submitted to the department, and the determination shall be final unless a hearing is requested and held as provided in subsection (8) of this section. The determination of these facts by the department is independent of the determination of a court of the same or similar facts in the adjudication of any criminal charges arising out of the same occurrence. The disposition of the criminal charges shall not affect any revocation under this section. (b) (I) If the department determines that the person is subject to license revocation, the department shall issue a notice of revocation if a notice has not already been served upon the person by the law enforcement officer as provided in paragraph (b) of subsection (5) of this section. A notice of revocation shall clearly specify the reason and statutory grounds for the revocation, the effective date of the revocation, the right of the person to request a hearing, the procedure for requesting a hearing, and the date by which a request for a hearing must be made. (II) In sending a notice of revocation, the department shall mail the notice in accordance with the provisions of section 42-2-119 (2) to the person at the last-known address shown on the department's records, if any, and to any address provided in the law enforcement officer's affidavit if that address differs from the address of record. The notice shall be deemed received three days after mailing. (c) If the department determines that the person is not subject to license revocation, the department shall notify the person of its determination and shall rescind any order of revocation served upon the person by the law enforcement officer. (d) A license revocation shall become effective seven days after the person has received the notice of revocation as provided in subsection (5) of this section or is deemed to have received the notice of revocation by mail as provided in paragraph (b) of this subsection (6). If the department receives a written request for a hearing pursuant to subsection (7) of this section within that same seven-day period and the department issues a temporary permit pursuant to paragraph (d) of subsection (7) of this section, the effective date of the revocation shall be stayed until a final order is issued following the hearing; except that any delay in the hearing that is caused or requested by the person or counsel representing the person shall not result in a stay of the revocation during the period of delay. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 93 of 764 Uncertified Printout (7) Request for hearing. (a) A person who has received a notice of revocation may make a written request for a review of the department's determination at a hearing. The request may be made on a form available at each office of the department. (b) A person must request a hearing in writing within seven days after the day the person receives the notice of revocation as provided in subsection (5) of this section or is deemed to have received the notice by mail as provided in paragraph (b) of subsection (6) of this section. If the department does not receive the written request for a hearing within the seven-day period, the right to a hearing is waived, and the determination of the department that is based on the documents and affidavit required by subsection (5) of this section becomes final. (c) If a person submits a written request for a hearing after expiration of the seven-day period and if the request is accompanied by the person's verified statement explaining the failure to make a timely request for a hearing, the department shall receive and consider the request. If the department finds that the person was unable to make a timely request due to lack of actual notice of the revocation or due to factors of physical incapacity such as hospitalization or incarceration, the department shall waive the period of limitation, reopen the matter, and grant the hearing request. In such a case, the department shall not grant a stay of the revocation pending issuance of the final order following the hearing. (d) At the time a person requests a hearing pursuant to this subsection (7), if it appears from the record that the person is the holder of a valid driver's or minor driver's license or of an instruction permit or of a temporary permit issued pursuant to paragraph (b) of subsection (5) of this section and that the license or permit has been surrendered, the department shall stay the effective date of the revocation and issue a temporary permit that shall be valid until the scheduled date for the hearing. If necessary, the department may later extend the temporary permit or issue an additional temporary permit in order to stay the effective date of the revocation until the final order is issued following the hearing, as required by subsection (8) of this section. If the person notifies the department in writing at the time that the hearing is requested that the person desires the law enforcement officer's presence at the hearing, the department shall issue a written notice for the law enforcement officer to appear at the hearing. A law enforcement officer who is required to appear at a hearing may, at the discretion of the hearing officer, appear in real time by telephone or other electronic means in accordance with section 42-1-218.5. (e) At the time that a person requests a hearing, the department shall provide to the person written notice advising the person: (I) Of the right to subpoena the law enforcement officer for the hearing and that the subpoena must be served upon the law enforcement officer at least five calendar days prior to the hearing; (II) Of the person's right at that time to notify the department in writing that the person desires the law enforcement officer's presence at the hearing and that, upon receiving the notification, the department shall issue a written notice for the law enforcement officer to appear at the hearing; (III) That, if the law enforcement officer is not required to appear at the hearing, documents and an affidavit prepared and submitted by the law enforcement officer will be used at the hearing; and (IV) That the affidavit and documents submitted by the law enforcement officer may be reviewed by the person prior to the hearing. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 94 of 764 Uncertified Printout (f) Any subpoena served upon a law enforcement officer for attendance at a hearing conducted pursuant to this section shall be served at least five calendar days before the day of the hearing. (8) Hearing. (a) (I) The hearing shall be scheduled to be held as quickly as practicable but not more than sixty days after the date the department receives the request for a hearing; except that, if a hearing is rescheduled because of the unavailability of a law enforcement officer or the hearing officer in accordance with subsection (8)(a)(III) or (8)(a)(IV) of this section, the hearing may be rescheduled more than sixty days after the date the department receives the request for the hearing, and the department shall continue any temporary driving privileges held by the person until the date to which the hearing is rescheduled. At least ten days prior to the scheduled or rescheduled hearing, the department shall provide in the manner specified in section 42-2-119 (2) a written notice of the time and place of the hearing to the respondent unless the parties agree to waive this requirement. Notwithstanding the provisions of sections 42-1-102 and 42-2-119, the last-known address of the respondent for purposes of notice for any hearing pursuant to this section is the address stated on the hearing request form. (II) A law enforcement officer who submits the documents and affidavit required by subsection (5) of this section need not be present at the hearing unless the hearing officer requires that the law enforcement officer be present and the hearing officer issues a written notice for the law enforcement officer's appearance or unless the respondent or the respondent's attorney determines that the law enforcement officer should be present and serves a timely subpoena upon the law enforcement officer in accordance with paragraph (f) of subsection (7) of this section. (III) If a law enforcement officer, after receiving a notice or subpoena to appear from either the department or the respondent, is unable to appear at the original or rescheduled hearing date due to a reasonable conflict, including but not limited to training, vacation, or personal leave time, the law enforcement officer or the law enforcement officer's supervisor shall contact the department not less than forty-eight hours prior to the hearing and reschedule the hearing to a time when the law enforcement officer will be available. If the law enforcement officer cannot appear at the original or rescheduled hearing because of medical reasons, a law enforcement emergency, another court or administrative hearing, or any other legitimate, just cause as determined by the department, and the law enforcement officer or the law enforcement officer's supervisor gives notice of the law enforcement officer's inability to appear to the department prior to the dismissal of the revocation proceeding, the department shall reschedule the hearing following consultation with the law enforcement officer or the law enforcement officer's supervisor at the earliest possible time when the law enforcement officer and the hearing officer will be available. (IV) If a hearing officer cannot appear at an original or rescheduled hearing because of medical reasons, a law enforcement emergency, another court or administrative hearing, or any other legitimate, just cause, the hearing officer or the department may reschedule the hearing at the earliest possible time when the law enforcement officer and the hearing officer will be available. (b) The hearing shall be held in the district office nearest to where the violation occurred, unless the parties agree to a different location; except that, at the discretion of the department, all or part of the hearing may be conducted in real time, by telephone or other electronic means in accordance with section 42-1-218.5. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 95 of 764 Uncertified Printout (c) The department shall consider all relevant evidence at the hearing, including the testimony of any law enforcement officer and the reports of any law enforcement officer that are submitted to the department. The report of a law enforcement officer shall not be required to be made under oath, but the report shall identify the law enforcement officer making the report. The department may consider evidence contained in affidavits from persons other than the respondent, so long as the affidavits include the affiant's home or work address and phone number and are dated, signed, and sworn to by the affiant under penalty of perjury. The affidavit need not be notarized or sworn to before any other person. (d) The hearing officer shall have authority to: (I) Administer oaths and affirmations; (II) Compel witnesses to testify or produce books, records, or other evidence; (III) Examine witnesses and take testimony; (IV) Receive and consider any relevant evidence necessary to properly perform the hearing officer's duties as required by this section; (V) Take judicial notice as defined by rule 201 of article II of the Colorado rules of evidence, subject to the provisions of section 24-4-105 (8), C.R.S., which shall include: (A) Judicial notice of general, technical, or scientific facts within the hearing officer's knowledge; (B) Judicial notice of appropriate and reliable scientific and medical information contained in studies, articles, books, and treatises; and (C) Judicial notice of charts prepared by the department of public health and environment pertaining to the maximum BAC levels that people can obtain through the consumption of alcohol when the charts are based upon the maximum absorption levels possible of determined amounts of alcohol consumed in relationship to the weight and gender of the person consuming the alcohol; (VI) Issue subpoenas duces tecum to produce books, documents, records, or other evidence; (VII) Issue subpoenas for the attendance of witnesses; (VIII) Take depositions or cause depositions or interrogatories to be taken; (IX) Regulate the course and conduct of the hearing; and (X) Make a final ruling on the issues. (e) When an analysis of the respondent's BAC is considered at a hearing: (I) If the respondent establishes, by a preponderance of the evidence, that the respondent consumed alcohol between the time that the respondent stopped driving and the time of testing, the preponderance of the evidence must also establish that the minimum required BAC was reached as a result of alcohol consumed before the respondent stopped driving; and (II) If the evidence offered by the respondent shows a disparity between the results of the analysis done on behalf of the law enforcement agency and the results of an analysis done on behalf of the respondent, and a preponderance of the evidence establishes that the blood analysis conducted on behalf of the law enforcement agency was properly conducted by a qualified person associated with a laboratory certified by the department of public health and environment using properly working testing devices, there shall be a presumption favoring the accuracy of the analysis done on behalf of the law enforcement agency if the analysis showed the BAC to be 0.096 or more. If the respondent offers evidence of blood analysis, the respondent shall be required to state under oath the number of analyses done in addition to the one offered as Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 96 of 764 Uncertified Printout evidence and the names of the laboratories that performed the analyses and the results of all analyses. (f) The hearing shall be recorded. The hearing officer shall render a decision in writing, and the department shall provide a copy of the decision to the respondent. (g) If the respondent fails to appear without just cause, the right to a hearing shall be waived, and the determination of the department which is based upon the documents and affidavit required in subsection (5) of this section shall become final. (h) Pursuant to section 42-1-228, a driver may challenge the validity of the law enforcement officer's initial contact with the driver and the driver's subsequent arrest for DUI, DUI per se, or DWAI. If a driver so challenges the validity of the law enforcement officer's initial contact, and the evidence does not establish that the initial contact or arrest was constitutionally and statutorily valid, the driver is not subject to license revocation. (9) Appeal. (a) Within thirty-five days after the department issues its final determination under this section, a person aggrieved by the determination has the right to file a petition for judicial review in the district court in the county of the person's residence. (b) Judicial review of the department's determination shall be on the record without taking additional testimony. If the court finds that the department exceeded its constitutional or statutory authority, made an erroneous interpretation of the law, acted in an arbitrary and capricious manner, or made a determination that is unsupported by the evidence in the record, the court may reverse the department's determination. (c) A filing of a petition for judicial review shall not result in an automatic stay of the revocation order. The court may grant a stay of the order only upon a motion and hearing and upon a finding that there is a reasonable probability that the person will prevail upon the merits. (10) Notice to vehicle owner. If the department revokes a person's license pursuant to paragraph (a), (c), or (d) of subsection (3) of this section, the department shall mail a notice to the owner of the motor vehicle used in the violation informing the owner that: (a) The motor vehicle was driven in an alcohol-related driving violation; and (b) Additional alcohol-related violations involving the motor vehicle by the same driver may result in a requirement that the owner file proof of financial responsibility under the provisions of section 42-7-406 (1.5). (11) Applicability of "State Administrative Procedure Act". The "State Administrative Procedure Act", article 4 of title 24, C.R.S., shall apply to this section to the extent it is consistent with subsections (7), (8), and (9) of this section relating to administrative hearings and judicial review. Source: L. 94: (9)(b) and (9)(c)(II) amended, p. 2807, § 580, effective July 1; entire title amended with relocations, p. 2135, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. L. 95: (6)(b)(VI) and (6)(b)(VII) added and (7)(a) amended, p. 1303, §§ 1, 2, effective July 1. L. 96: (7)(a)(I) amended, p. 272, § 1, effective April 8. L. 97: (2)(a)(I), (2)(a)(III), (3)(b), (5)(a), (6)(c)(I), (7)(a)(I), (9)(c)(I), and (9)(c)(III) amended and (2)(a)(I.5), (2)(a)(IV), (6)(b)(II.5), (6)(b)(VIII), and (6)(b)(IX) added, pp. 1461, 1464 §§ 4, 5, effective July 1; (7)(c) amended, p. 334, § 1, effective August 6. L. 98: (6)(b)(IX)(A) amended, p. 174, § 3, effective April 6; (2.5) added, p. 1239, § 3, effective July 1. L. 99: (2)(a)(II), (8)(e)(II), (8)(e)(III), and (8)(e)(V) amended and (8)(e)(II.5) added, p. 90, § 1, effective July 1; (6)(c)(III) added, p. 1158, § 2, effective July 1. L. 2000: (2)(a)(I.5), (2)(a)(IV), (5)(a), (9)(c)(I), and (9)(c)(III) amended and (2)(a)(I.7) added, p. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 97 of 764 Uncertified Printout 512, § 1, effective May 12; (5)(c) and (8)(d) amended, p. 1354, § 25, effective July 1, 2001. L. 2001: (8)(e)(II), (8)(f), and (9)(a) amended, p. 553, § 4, effective May 23; (7)(c) amended, p. 787, § 4, effective June 1; (7)(a)(II) repealed, p. 1284, § 67, effective June 5. L. 2002: (1)(a), (2)(a)(I.7), (2)(a)(II), (2)(a)(IV), (3)(a), (5)(a), (7)(c)(II), (7)(c)(III), (9)(c)(I), and (9)(c)(III) amended, p. 1915, § 6, effective July 1. L. 2003: (6)(b)(I) and (6)(b)(IX)(B) amended and (6)(b)(IX)(A.5) added, p. 2429, § 1, effective July 1. L. 2004: (2)(a)(I), (2)(a)(I.5), (5)(a)(I), (7)(a)(I), (9)(c)(I), and (9)(c)(II) amended, p. 782, § 5, effective July 1. L. 2005: (3) amended, p. 647, § 16, effective May 27. L. 2006: (5)(a)(I), (5)(a)(II), (6)(b)(III), and (6)(b)(V) amended and (6)(b)(III.5) added, p. 260, § 1, effective March 31; (6)(b)(IX)(A.5) and (7)(c)(II) amended, p. 1366, § 2, effective January 1, 2007. L. 2007: (2)(a)(I.5), (2)(a)(I.7), (6)(b)(IX)(A.5), and (9)(c)(I) amended, p. 502, § 1, effective July 1. L. 2008: Entire section R&RE, p. 232, § 1, effective July 1; (3)(a) and (3)(c) amended, p. 833, § 3, effective January 1, 2009. L. 2011: (4)(d)(II) amended, (HB 11-1303), ch. 264, p. 1179, § 102, effective August 10. L. 2012: (4)(d)(II)(A) and (9)(c) amended, (HB 12-1168), ch. 278, p. 1482, § 4, effective August 8. L. 2013: (8)(h) added, (HB 13-1077), ch. 196, p. 798, § 1, effective May 11; (3)(c)(I), (4)(a)(I), (4)(a)(III), (4)(b) (I), and (4)(d)(II)(A) amended and (4)(a)(V) added, (HB 13-1240), ch. 361, pp. 2114, 2112, §§ 5, 3, effective January 1, 2014. L. 2015: (4)(d)(II)(A) amended, (HB 15-1043), ch. 262, p. 998, § 8, effective August 5; (8)(h) amended, (HB 15-1073), ch. 92, p. 263, § 1, effective August 5; (9)(a) amended, (HB 15-1021), ch. 25, p. 63, § 1, effective August 5. L. 2017: (4)(d)(II) amended, (SB 17-242), ch. 263, p. 1258, § 21, effective May 25; (8)(a)(I) amended, (HB 17-1107), ch. 101, p. 367, § 10, effective August 9. Editor's note: (1) This section is similar to former § 42-2-122.1 as it existed prior to 1994, and the former § 42-2-126 was relocated to § 42-2-134. (2) Subsections (9)(b) and (9)(c)(II) were originally numbered as § 42-2-122.1 (8)(b) and (8)(c)(III), and the amendments to them in House Bill 94-1029 were harmonized with Senate Bill 94-001. Cross references: For the legislative declaration contained in the 1998 act enacting subsection (2.5), see section 1 of chapter 295, Session Laws of Colorado 1998. For the legislative declaration contained in the 2001 act amending subsection (7)(c), see section 1 of chapter 229, Session Laws of Colorado 2001. For the legislative declaration contained in the 2008 act amending subsections (3)(a) and (3)(c), see section 1 of chapter 221, Session Laws of Colorado 2008. For the legislative declaration in SB 17-242, see section 1 of chapter 263, Session Laws of Colorado 2017. 42-2-126.1. Probationary licenses for persons convicted of alcohol-related driving offenses - ignition interlock devices - fees - interlock fund created - violations of probationary license - repeal. (Repealed) Source: L. 95: Entire section added, p. 1304, § 3, effective July 1. L. 96: IP(2) amended and (2)(a.5) added, p. 1204, § 3, effective July 1. L. 97: (2)(a.7) added and (2)(a), (2)(a.5), (2)(e), (2.5), (6)(a), (7), and (8) amended, pp. 1383, 1384, §§ 2, 3, effective July 1. L. 98: (2.5) amended, p. 1352, § 97, effective June 1. L. 99: IP(1) amended and (1.5) added, p. 1162, § 5, Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 98 of 764 Uncertified Printout effective July 1. L. 2000: (1.5) and (8) amended, p. 1075, § 1, effective July 1; IP(1) amended, p. 1354, § 26, effective July 1, 2001. Editor's note: Subsection (8) provided for the repeal of this section, effective January 1, 2001. (See L. 2000, p. 1075.) 42-2-126.3. Tampering with an ignition interlock device. (Repealed) Source: L. 95: Entire section added, p. 1304, § 3, effective July 1. L. 2000: (1) and (2) amended, p. 1079, § 9, effective July 1. L. 2001: (1) and (2) amended, p. 1284, § 68, effective June 5. L. 2002: (3) amended, p. 1560, § 362, effective October 1. L. 2012: Entire section repealed, (HB 12-1168), ch. 278, p. 1482, § 3, effective August 8. 42-2-126.5. Revocation of license based on administrative actions taken under tribal law - repeal. (1) As used in this section: (a) "Indian" means a person who is a member of a federally recognized Indian tribe. (b) "Reservation" means the Southern Ute Indian reservation, the exterior boundaries of which were confirmed in the Act of May 21, 1984, Pub.L. 98-290, 98 Stat. 201, 202 (found at "Other Provisions" note to 25 U.S.C. sec. 668). (c) "Reservation driving privilege" means the driving privilege of an Indian that arises under and is governed by the tribal code when the Indian is operating a motor vehicle within the boundaries of the reservation. (d) "Tribal code" means the laws adopted by the tribe pursuant to the tribe's constitution. (e) "Tribe" means the Southern Ute Indian tribe. (2) Legislative declaration. (a) The general assembly finds that: (I) The tribal code, including traffic provisions, governs the conduct of Indians within the reservation; (II) The tribal code grants reservation driving privileges to Indians based on possession of a state-issued driver's license but does not authorize application of state driver's license revocation laws based on the conduct of Indians within the reservation; and (III) When Indians drive outside of the reservation, state and municipal traffic laws apply to their state driving privileges. (b) In enacting this section, the general assembly intends to provide safety for all persons using the highways of the state by authorizing a process whereby the state shall revoke the Colorado driving privileges of a person after the tribe has entered a final order under the tribal code revoking the reservation driving privileges of that person, in a manner similar to how the state revokes the state driving privileges of a Colorado licensee whose driving privileges are revoked for an action occurring and adjudicated in a foreign jurisdiction. (3) When the tribe initially revokes the reservation driving privilege of an Indian pursuant to the tribal code pending a tribal hearing, the tribe shall take possession of the person's Colorado driver's license. The tribe is authorized to issue a temporary permit which shall provide temporary Colorado driving privileges to the person until the tribe enters a final order of revocation of the person's reservation driving privileges. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 99 of 764 Uncertified Printout (4) If the tribe enters a final order of revocation of the person's reservation driving privileges, the tribe shall send notice of such revocation to the department via fax, mail, or electronic means. (5) The state shall give full faith and credit to a tribal administrative or judicial determination related to the tribe's revocation of the reservation driving privileges of an Indian. (6) Upon receiving notice of revocation from the tribe pertaining to any Indian, the department shall immediately revoke the Colorado driving privileges of that person. The period of the state revocation shall run concurrently with the revocation action taken by the tribe. The state's driver record for the revoked individual shall indicate concurrent dates for the revocation period. The department shall send notice of revocation by first-class mail to the person at the address last shown on the department's records. (7) The department's revocation of the person's Colorado driving privileges shall be a final agency action of the department. Any appeal of the state's final revocation action may be taken in accordance with section 42-2-135 and section 24-4-106, C.R.S. Because the state is giving full faith and credit to the tribal determination, the department's revocation action shall be affirmed if, upon review, the reviewing court determines that the tribe's revocation of tribal driving privileges met both of the following conditions: (a) The revocation occurred after providing the person whose driving privilege was revoked reasonable notice and an opportunity to be heard sufficient to protect due process rights; and (b) The tribal administrative or judicial tribunal that made the determination had jurisdiction over the parties and over the subject matter. (8) When a person whose license is revoked under this section has completed the terms and conditions of the tribal revocation order, the tribe shall provide the person with written notification of the completion and shall also send written notice to the department. When the department receives the tribe's written notification of the completion, the person may seek reinstatement of his or her Colorado driving privileges. The person must comply with sections 42-2-126 (4)(d), 42-2-132, and 42-7-406 to obtain a new license or otherwise restore his or her Colorado driving privileges. (9) The provisions of this section do not apply to the department's revocation, suspension, cancellation, or denial of a Colorado driver's license of an Indian for any driving offense that occurs while operating a motor vehicle outside the boundaries of the reservation. (10) This section shall automatically repeal on the occurrence of any one or more of the following events: (a) The tribe repeals the express consent law of the tribal code; (b) Either the tribe or the state terminates any intergovernmental agreement between the parties pertaining to driver's license revocations of Indians; or (c) A repeal of this section by the general assembly acting by separate bill. Source: L. 2001: Entire section added, p. 320, § 1, effective April 12. L. 2008: (8) amended, p. 246, § 8, effective July 1. 42-2-127. Authority to suspend license - to deny license - type of conviction - points. (1) (a) Except as provided in paragraph (b) of subsection (8) of this section, the department has the authority to suspend the license of any driver who, in accordance with the schedule of points Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 100 of 764 Uncertified Printout set forth in this section, has been convicted of traffic violations resulting in the accumulation of twelve points or more within any twelve consecutive months or eighteen points or more within any twenty-four consecutive months, or, in the case of a minor driver eighteen years of age or older, who has accumulated nine points or more within any twelve consecutive months, or twelve points or more within any twenty-four consecutive months, or fourteen points or more for violations occurring after reaching the age of eighteen years, or, in the case of a minor driver under the age of eighteen years, who has accumulated more than five points within any twelve consecutive months or more than six points for violations occurring prior to reaching the age of eighteen years; except that the accumulation of points causing the subjection to suspension of the license of a chauffeur who, in the course of employment, has as a principal duty the operation of a motor vehicle shall be sixteen points in one year, twenty-four points in two years, or twentyeight points in four years, if all the points are accumulated while said chauffeur is in the course of employment. Any provision of this section to the contrary notwithstanding, the license of a chauffeur who is convicted of DUI, DUI per se, DWAI, UDD, or leaving the scene of an accident shall be suspended in the same manner as if the offense occurred outside the course of employment. Whenever a minor driver under the age of eighteen years receives a summons for a traffic violation, the minor's parent or legal guardian or, if the minor is without parents or guardian, the person who signed the minor driver's application for a license shall immediately be notified by the court from which the summons was issued. (b) If any applicant for a license to operate a motor vehicle has illegally operated a motor vehicle in this state prior to the issuance of a valid driver's or minor driver's license or instruction permit or in violation of the terms of any instruction permit within thirty-six months prior to said application, the department has the authority to deny the issuance of said license for not more than twelve months. (c) For the purpose of this section, any points accumulated by a minor under an instruction permit shall apply to the minor driver's license subsequently issued to or applied for by such minor. (d) No suspension or denial shall be made until a hearing has been held or the driver has failed to appear for a hearing scheduled in accordance with this section. This section shall not be construed to prevent the issuance of a restricted license pursuant to section 42-2-116. (2) (a) The time periods provided in subsection (1) of this section for the accumulation of points shall be based on the date of violation, but points shall not be assessed until after conviction for any such traffic violation. (b) The accumulation of points within the time periods provided in subsection (1) of this section shall not be affected by the issuance or renewal of any driver's or minor driver's license issued under the provisions of this article or the anniversary date thereof. (3) Nothing in subsections (1) and (2) of this section shall affect or prevent any proceedings to suspend any license under the provisions of law existing prior to July 1, 1974. (4) Statutory provisions for cancellation and mandatory revocation of drivers' licenses shall take precedence over this section. (5) Point system schedule: Type of conviction Points (a) Leaving scene of accident 12 (b) (I) DUI or DUI per se 12 (II) Repealed. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 101 of 764 Uncertified Printout (III) DWAI 8 (IV) UDD 4 (c) (I) Engaging in a speed contest in violation of section 42-4-1105 (1) 12 (II) Aiding or facilitating engaging in a speed contest in violation of section 42-4-1105 (3) 12 (III) Engaging in a speed exhibition in violation of section 42-4-1105 (2) 5 (IV) Aiding or facilitating engaging in a speed exhibition in violation of section 42-41105 (3) 5 (d) Reckless driving 8 (e) Careless driving 4 (e.5) Careless driving resulting in death 12 (e.7) Serious bodily injury to a vulnerable road user 12 (f) Speeding: (I) One to four miles per hour over the reasonable and prudent speed or one to four miles per hour over the maximum lawful speed limit of seventy-five miles per hour 0 (II) Five to nine miles per hour over the reasonable and prudent speed or five to nine miles per hour over the maximum lawful speed limit of seventy-five miles per hour 1 (III) Ten to nineteen miles per hour over the reasonable and prudent speed or ten to nineteen miles per hour over the maximum lawful speed limit of seventy-five miles per hour 4 (IV) Twenty to thirty-nine miles per hour over the reasonable and prudent speed or twenty to thirty-nine miles per hour over the maximum lawful speed limit of seventy-five miles per hour 6 (IV.5) Forty or more miles per hour over the reasonable and prudent speed or forty or more miles per hour over the maximum lawful speed limit of seventy-five miles per hour 12 (V) Failure to reduce speed below an otherwise lawful speed when a special hazard exists 3 (VI) One to four miles per hour over the maximum lawful speed limit of forty miles per hour driving a low-power scooter 0 (VII) Five to nine miles per hour over the maximum lawful speed limit of forty miles per hour driving a low-power scooter 2 (VIII) Greater than nine miles per hour over the maximum lawful speed limit of forty miles per hour driving a low-power scooter 4 (g) Failure to stop for school signals 6 (h) Driving on wrong side of road or driving on wrong side of divided or controlledaccess highway in violation of section 42-4-1010 4 (i) Improper passing 4 (j) Failure to stop for school bus 6 (k) Following too closely 4 (l) Failure to observe traffic sign or signal, except as provided in paragraph (ff) of this subsection (5) 4 (m) Failure to yield to emergency vehicle 4 (n) Failure to yield right-of-way, except as provided in paragraphs (y) to (bb) of this subsection (5) 3 Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 102 of 764 Uncertified Printout (o) Improper turn 3 (p) Driving in wrong lane or direction on one-way street 3 (q) Driving through safety zone 3 (r) Conviction of violations not listed in this subsection (5) while driving a moving vehicle, which are violations of a state law or municipal ordinance other than violations classified as class B traffic infractions under section 42-4-1701 or having an equivalent classification under any municipal ordinance 3 (s) Failure to signal or improper signal 2 (t) Improper backing 2 (u) Failure to dim or turn on lights 2 (v) (I) Except as provided in subparagraph (II) of this paragraph (v), operating an unsafe vehicle 2 (II) Operating a vehicle with defective head lamps 1 (w) Eluding or attempting to elude a police officer 12 (x) Alteration of suspension system 3 (y) Failure to yield right-of-way to pedestrian 4 (z) Failure to yield right-of-way to pedestrian at walk signal 4 (aa) Failure to yield right-of-way to pedestrian upon emerging from alley, driveway, or building in a commercial or residential area 4 (bb) Failure to yield right-of-way to person with a disability pursuant to section 42-4808 6 (cc) Failure to exercise due care for pedestrian pursuant to section 42-4-807 4 (dd) A second or subsequent violation of section 42-2-101 (1) and (4) 6 (ee) Failure to maintain or show proof of insurance pursuant to section 42-4-1409 4 (ff) Failure to observe high occupancy vehicle lane restrictions pursuant to section 42-41012 0 (gg) (Deleted by amendment, L. 2005, p. 334, § 2, effective July 1, 2005.) (hh) Driving a motor vehicle while not wearing a seat belt in violation of section 42-2105.5 (3) 2 (ii) Driving with more passengers than seat belts in violation of section 42-2-105.5 (4) 2 (jj) A violation of section 42-4-239 (2) 1 (jj.5) A violation of section 42-4-239 (3) 4 (kk) Driving with a passenger who is under twenty-one years of age or driving between 12 midnight and 5 a.m. in violation of section 42-4-116 2 (ll) (I) Except as provided in subsection (5)(ll)(II) or (5)(ll)(III) of this section, failure to exercise due care when approaching a stationary vehicle pursuant to section 42-4-705 (2) 3 (II) Failure to exercise due care when approaching a stationary vehicle resulting in bodily injury 6 (III) Failure to exercise due care when approaching a stationary vehicle resulting in death 8 (mm) Driving under restraint in violation of section 42-2-138 (1.5) 3 Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 103 of 764 Uncertified Printout (5.5) If a person receives a penalty assessment notice for a violation under section 42-41701 (5) and such person pays the fine and surcharge for the violation on or before the date the payment is due, the points assessed for the violation are reduced as follows: (a) For a violation having an assessment of three or more points under subsection (5) of this section, the points are reduced by two points; (b) For a violation having an assessment of two points under subsection (5) of this section, the points are reduced by one point. (5.6) (a) Any municipality may elect to have the provisions of subsection (5.5) of this section apply to penalty assessment notices issued by the municipality pursuant to counterpart municipal ordinances. Whenever a municipality reduces a traffic offense, the reduced offense and the points assessed for such reduced offense shall conform to the point assessment schedule under subsection (5) of this section. (b) Any county may elect to have the provisions of subsection (5.5) of this section apply to penalty assessment notices issued by the county pursuant to counterpart county ordinances. Whenever a county reduces a traffic offense, the reduced offense and the points assessed for such reduced offense shall conform to the point assessment schedule under subsection (5) of this section. (5.7) Notwithstanding any other provision of the statutes to the contrary, if a penalty assessment for a traffic infraction is not personally served on the defendant or the defendant has not accepted the jurisdiction of the court for such penalty assessment, then the traffic infraction is a class B traffic infraction and the department has no authority to assess any points under this section upon entry of judgment for such traffic infraction. (5.8) Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, the department may not assess any points for a violation if such assessment of points is prohibited under section 42-4-110.5 (3). (6) (a) "Convicted" and "conviction", as used in this section, include conviction in any court of record or municipal court, or by the Southern Ute Indian tribal court, or by any military authority for offenses substantially the same as those set forth in subsection (5) of this section which occur on a military installation in this state and also include the acceptance and payment of a penalty assessment under the provisions of section 42-4-1701 or under the similar provisions of any town or city ordinance and the entry of a judgment or default judgment for a traffic infraction under the provisions of section 42-4-1701 or 42-4-1710 or under the similar provisions of any municipal ordinance. (b) For the purposes of this article, a plea of no contest accepted by the court or the forfeiture of any bail or collateral deposited to secure a defendant's appearance in court or the failure to appear in court by a defendant charged with DUI, DUI per se, or UDD who has been issued a summons and notice to appear pursuant to section 42-4-1707 as evidenced by records forwarded to the department in accordance with the provisions of section 42-2-124 shall be considered as a conviction. (c) The provisions of paragraph (r) of subsection (5) of this section shall not be applicable to violations of sections 42-2-115, 42-3-121, and 42-4-314. (7) Upon the accumulation by a licensee of half as many points as are required for suspension, the department may send such licensee a warning letter in accordance with section 42-2-119 (2) or order a preliminary hearing, but the failure of the department to send such warning letter or hold such preliminary hearing shall not be grounds for invalidating the licensee's subsequent suspension as a result of accumulating additional points as long as the Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 104 of 764 Uncertified Printout suspension is carried out under the provisions of this section. Should a preliminary hearing be ordered by the department and should the licensee fail to attend or show good cause for failure to attend, the department may suspend such license in the same way as if the licensee had accumulated sufficient points for suspension and had failed to attend such suspension hearing. (8) (a) Whenever the department's records show that a licensee has accumulated a sufficient number of points to be subject to license suspension, the department shall notify the licensee that a hearing will be held not less than twenty days after the date of the notice to determine whether the licensee's driver's license should be suspended. The notification shall be given to the licensee in writing by regular mail, addressed to the address of the licensee as shown by the records of the department. (b) (I) If the department's records indicate that a driver has accumulated a sufficient number of points to cause a suspension under subsection (1) of this section and the driver is subject to a current or previous license restraint with a determined reinstatement date for the same offense or conviction that caused the driver to accumulate sufficient points to warrant suspension, the department may not order a point suspension of the license of the driver unless the license or driving privilege of the driver was revoked pursuant to section 42-2-126 (3)(c). (II) If the department does not order a point suspension against the license of a driver because of the existence of a current or previous license restraint with a determined reinstatement date under the provisions of subparagraph (I) of this paragraph (b), the department shall utilize the points that were assessed against the driver in determining whether to impose any future license suspension if the driver accumulates any more points against the driver's license. (9) Repealed. (10) Suspension hearings when ordered by the department shall be held at the district office of the department closest to the residence of the licensee; except that all or part of the hearing may, at the discretion of the department, be conducted in real time, by telephone or other electronic means in accordance with section 42-1-218.5. A hearing delay shall be granted by the department only if the licensee presents the department with good cause for such delay. Good cause shall include absence from the state or county of residence, personal illness, or any other circumstance which, in the department's discretion, constitutes sufficient reason for delay. In the event that a suspension hearing is delayed, the department shall set a new date for such hearing no later than sixty days after the date of the original hearing. (11) Upon such hearing, the department or its authorized agent may administer oaths, issue subpoenas for the attendance of witnesses and the production of books and papers, apply to the district court for the enforcement thereof by contempt proceedings, and require a reexamination of the licensee. (12) If at the hearing held pursuant to subsection (8) of this section it appears that the record of the driver sustains suspension as provided in this section, the department shall immediately suspend such driver's license, and such license shall then be surrendered to the department. If at such hearing it appears that the record of the driver does not sustain suspension, the department shall not suspend such license and shall adjust the accumulated-point total accordingly. In the event that the driver's license is suspended, the department may issue a probationary license for a period not to exceed the period of suspension, which license may contain such restrictions as the department deems reasonable and necessary and which may thereafter be subject to cancellation as a result of any violation of the restrictions imposed Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 105 of 764 Uncertified Printout therein. The department may also order any driver whose license is suspended to take a complete driving reexamination. After such hearing, the licensee may appeal the decision to the district court as provided in section 42-2-135. (13) If the driver fails to appear at such hearing after proper notification as provided in subsections (7) and (8) of this section and a delay or continuance has not been requested and granted as provided in subsection (10) of this section, the department shall immediately suspend the license of the driver. A driver who failed to appear may request a subsequent hearing, but the request shall not postpone the effectiveness of the restraint. (14) (a) (I) If there is no other statutory reason for denial of a probationary license, any individual who has had a license suspended by the department because of, at least in part, a conviction of an offense specified in subsection (5)(b) of this section may be entitled to a probationary license pursuant to subsection (12) of this section for the purpose of driving for reasons of employment, education, health, or alcohol and drug education or treatment, but: (A) If ordered by the court that convicted the individual, the individual shall enroll in a program of driving education or alcohol and drug education and treatment certified by the office of behavioral health in the department of human services; and (B) If the individual is an interlock-restricted driver or is a persistent drunk driver, as defined in section 42-1-102 (68.5), any probationary license shall require the use of an approved ignition interlock device, as defined in section 42-2-132.5 (9)(a), and the time that the individual holds a probationary license under this section shall be credited against the time that the individual may be required to hold an interlock-restricted license pursuant to section 42-2-132.5. (II) A probationary license issued pursuant to this subsection (14) shall contain any other restrictions as the department deems reasonable and necessary, shall be subject to cancellation for violation of any such restrictions, including but not limited to absences from alcohol and drug education or treatment sessions or failure to complete alcohol and drug education or treatment programs, and shall be issued for the entire period of suspension. (b) The department may refuse to issue a probationary license if the department finds that the driving record of the individual is such that the individual has sufficient points, in addition to those resulting from the conviction referred to in this subsection (14), to require the suspension or revocation of a license to drive on the highways of this state, or if the department finds from the record after a hearing conducted in accordance with subsection (12) of this section that aggravating circumstances exist to indicate the individual is unsafe for driving for any purpose. In refusing to issue a probationary license, the department shall make specific findings of fact to support such refusal. (c) No district attorney shall enter into, nor shall any judge approve, a plea bargaining agreement entered into solely for the purpose of permitting the defendant to qualify for a probationary license under this subsection (14). (15) Repealed. Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2144, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. L. 95: (1)(a), (8), and (9)(a) amended, p. 1307, § 4, effective July 1. L. 96: (5)(f)(I) amended, p. 637, § 2, effective May 1; (5)(f)(I), (5)(f)(II), (5)(f)(III), and (5)(f)(IV) amended, p. 577, § 1, effective May 25; (5)(h) and (5)(l) amended and (5)(ff) added, p. 1357, § 4, effective July 1; (14)(a) amended, p. 1204, § 4, effective July 1. L. 97: (5.8) added, p. 1670, § 4, effective June 5; (5)(b)(IV) added and (9)(a) amended, p. 1465, §§ 6, 7, effective July 1; (5)(v) amended Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 106 of 764 Uncertified Printout and (5.5) to (5.7) added, p. 1385, § 4, effective July 1 L. 98: (5)(b)(IV) amended, p. 174, § 4, effective April 6. L. 99: (5)(gg), (5)(hh), and (5)(ii) added, p. 1381, § 5, effective July 1; (5.6) amended, p. 368, § 4, effective August 4. L. 2000: (5)(f)(I), (5)(f)(II), (5)(f)(III), and (5)(f)(IV) amended and (5)(f)(IV.5) added, p. 683, § 3, effective July 1; (1)(a), (1)(b), (1)(c), and (2)(b) amended, p. 1355, § 27, effective July 1, 2001. L. 2001: (9)(c) and (10) amended, p. 554, § 5, effective May 23; (14)(a) amended, p. 787, § 5, effective June 1. L. 2002: (15) added, p. 1131, § 2, effective July 1. L. 2005: (5)(gg) amended and (5)(kk) added, p. 334, § 2, effective July 1; (5)(jj) added, p. 268, § 2, effective August 8; (6)(c) amended, p. 1173, § 8, effective August 8. L. 2006: (5)(c) amended, p. 173, § 6, effective July 1; (14)(a) amended, p. 1367, § 3, effective January 1, 2007. L. 2008: (1)(a), (5)(b), (6)(b), (8)(b)(I), and (9)(a) amended, p. 246, § 9, effective July 1; (9) repealed, p. 834, § 4, effective January 1, 2009. L. 2009: (1)(d) and (13) amended, (HB 09-1234), ch. 91, p. 352, § 1, effective August 5; (5)(f)(VI), (5)(f)(VII), and (5)(f)(VIII) added, (HB 09-1026), ch. 281, p. 1266, § 25, effective October 1. L. 2010: (5)(e.5) added, (SB 10-204), ch. 243, p. 1080, § 1, effective May 21. L. 2011: (1)(d), (8)(a), and (14)(a)(I)(A) amended, (HB 11-1303), ch. 264, p. 1180, § 103, effective August 10. L. 2012: (14)(a)(I)(B) amended, (HB 12-1168), ch. 278, p. 1483, § 5, effective August 8. L. 2013: (1)(a) and (6)(b) amended and (5)(b)(II) repealed, (HB 13-1325), ch. 331, p. 1881, § 8, effective May 28; (15) repealed, (HB 13-1160), ch. 373, p. 2201, § 12, effective June 5. L. 2017: IP(14)(a)(I) and (14)(a)(I)(A) amended, (SB 17-242), ch. 263, p. 1258, § 22, effective May 25; (5)(jj) amended and (5)(jj.5) added, (SB 17-027), ch. 279, p. 1524, § 2, effective June 1; (5)(mm) added, (HB 17-1162), ch. 208, p. 811, § 2, effective August 9; (5)(ll) added, (SB 17-229), ch. 278, p. 1521, § 3, effective September 1. L. 2019: (5)(e.7) added, (SB 19-175), ch. 331, p. 3070, § 1, effective May 29. Editor's note: (1) This section is similar to former § 42-2-123 as it existed prior to 1994, and the former § 42-2-127 was relocated to § 42-2-135. (2) Section 5 of chapter 331 (SB 19-175), Session Laws of Colorado 2019, provides that the act changing this section applies to offenses committed on or after May 29, 2019. Cross references: (1) For the legislative declaration contained in the 1999 act enacting subsections (5)(gg), (5)(hh), and (5)(ii), see section 1 of chapter 334, Session Laws of Colorado 1999. For the legislative declaration contained in the 2001 act amending subsection (14)(a), see section 1 of chapter 229, Session Laws of Colorado 2001. For the legislative declaration contained in the 2008 act repealing subsection (9), see section 1 of chapter 221, Session Laws of Colorado 2008. For the legislative declaration in SB 17-242, see section 1 of chapter 263, Session Laws of Colorado 2017. (2) For the short title ("Move Over for Cody Act") in SB 17-229, see section 1 of chapter 278, Session Laws of Colorado 2017. 42-2-127.3. (Repealed) Authority to suspend license - controlled substance violations. Source: L. 2002: Entire section added, p. 1583, § 15, effective July 1. L. 2003: (1)(b) amended, p. 2690, § 8, effective July 1. L. 2009: Entire section repealed, (HB 09-1266), ch. 347, p. 1817, § 9, effective August 5. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 107 of 764 Uncertified Printout 42-2-127.4. Authority to suspend license - forgery of a penalty assessment notice issued to minor under the age of eighteen years. (Repealed) Source: L. 2004: Entire section added, p. 1330, § 1, effective July 1, 2005. L. 2006: (1)(a) amended, p. 1509, § 63, effective June 1. L. 2009: Entire section repealed, (HB 09-1266), ch. 347, p. 1818, § 10, effective August 5. 42-2-127.5. Authority to suspend license - violation of child support order. (1) The department shall suspend the license of any driver who is not in compliance with a child support order pursuant to the provisions of this section. (2) Upon receipt of a notice of failure to comply from the state child support enforcement agency pursuant to section 26-13-123 (4), C.R.S., the department shall send written notice to the person identified in the court order that such person shall be required to provide the department with proof of compliance with the child support order. Such proof shall be in the form of a notice of compliance as defined in section 26-13-123 (1)(c), C.R.S. (3) (a) If a notice of compliance is not received by the department within thirty days after the date written notice is sent pursuant to subsection (2) of this section, the department shall suspend the driver's license of the person from whom proof is required and may not reinstate such license until proof in the form of a notice of compliance is provided. (b) The driver shall not have a right to a hearing before license suspension pursuant to this subsection (3), and the driver's right to any hearing shall be limited to the rights set forth in section 26-13-123, C.R.S. (4) In the event that a driver's license is suspended pursuant to subsection (3) of this section, the department may issue a probationary license for a period not to exceed ninety days from the date of issuance, which probationary license shall restrict the driver to driving to and from the place of employment or to performing duties within the course of the driver's employment. The department is authorized to charge a fee for such probationary license that covers the direct and indirect costs of issuing the license. The department may not issue a probationary license to an individual unless at the time of license restraint such individual has a valid driver's privilege and has no outstanding judgments or warrants issued against such individual pursuant to the requirements of section 42-2-118 (3). (5) Repealed. Source: L. 95: Entire section added, p. 588, § 2, effective July 1. L. 96: (4) amended, p. 1205, § 5, effective July 1. L. 98: (5) repealed, p. 768, § 20, effective July 1. 42-2-127.6. Authority to suspend license - providing alcohol to an underage person. (1) (a) Whenever the department receives notice that a person, other than a business licensed pursuant to article 3, 4, or 5 of title 44, or an employee or agent of the business acting in the scope of his or her employment, has been convicted of an offense pursuant to section 44-3-901 (1)(b) or (1)(l), the department shall immediately suspend the license of the person for a period of not less than six months. (b) For purposes of this subsection (1), a person has been convicted when the person has been found guilty by a court or a jury, entered a plea of guilty or nolo contendere, or received a deferred sentence for an offense. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 108 of 764 Uncertified Printout (2) (a) Upon suspension of a person's license as required by this section, the department shall immediately notify the person as provided in section 42-2-119 (2). (b) Upon receipt of the notice of suspension, the person or the person's attorney may request a hearing in writing. The department shall hold a hearing not less than thirty days after receiving the request through a hearing commissioner appointed by the executive director of the department, which hearing shall be conducted in accordance with the provisions of section 24-4105, C.R.S. The hearing shall be held at the district office of the department closest to the residence of the person; except that all or part of the hearing may, at the discretion of the department, be conducted in real time by telephone or other electronic means in accordance with section 42-1-218.5, unless the person requests to appear in person at the hearing. After the hearing, the person may appeal the decision of the department to the district court as provided in section 42-2-135. If a person who has had a license suspended under this section is subsequently acquitted of the conviction that required the suspension by a court of record, the department shall immediately, in any event not later than ten days after the receipt of the notice of acquittal, reinstate said license to the person affected, unless the license is under other restraint. (3) (a) If there is no other statutory reason for denial of a probationary license, a person who has had a license suspended by the department because of, in whole or in part, a conviction of an offense specified in subsection (1) of this section shall be entitled to a probationary license for the purpose of driving for reasons of employment, education, health, or compliance with the requirements of probation. Such a probationary license shall: (I) Contain any other restrictions the department deems reasonable and necessary; (II) Be subject to cancellation for violation of any such restrictions; and (III) Be issued for the entire period of suspension. (b) The department may refuse to issue a probationary license if the department finds that the driving record of the person is such that the person has sufficient points to require the suspension or revocation of a license to drive on the highways of this state pursuant to section 42-2-127 or if the department finds from the record after a hearing conducted in accordance with this section that aggravating circumstances exist to indicate the person is unsafe for driving for any purpose. In refusing to issue a probationary license, the department shall make specific findings of fact to support the refusal. Source: L. 2005: Entire section added, p. 602, § 1, effective July 1. L. 2018: (1)(a) amended, (HB 18-1025), ch. 152, p. 1082, § 24, effective October 1. 42-2-127.7. Authority to suspend driver's license - uninsured motorists - legislative declaration. (1) The general assembly hereby finds, determines, and declares that the purpose of this section is to induce and encourage all motorists to provide for their financial responsibility for the protection of others and to assure the widespread availability to the insuring public of insurance protection against financial loss caused by negligent, financially irresponsible, motorists. (2) (a) The department may suspend the driver's license of any person upon its determination that the person drove a vehicle in this state without having in full force and effect a complying policy or certificate of self-insurance as required by sections 10-4-619 and 10-4624, C.R.S., as follows: Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 109 of 764 Uncertified Printout (I) Upon the first determination that a person operated a motor vehicle in this state without having in full force and effect a complying policy or certificate of self-insurance as required pursuant to section 10-4-619 or 10-4-624, C.R.S., the department shall suspend the driver's license of a person until the person furnishes proof of financial responsibility, as defined in section 42-7-103 (14), in the manner contemplated by section 42-7-301 (1), in the amount specified in section 10-4-620, C.R.S. (II) Upon the second determination that the person operated a motor vehicle in this state without having in full force and effect a complying policy or certificate of self-insurance as required by sections 10-4-619 and 10-4-624, C.R.S., within five years, the department shall suspend the person's driver's license for a period of four months. (III) Upon the third or subsequent determination that the person operated a motor vehicle in this state without having in full force and effect a complying policy or certificate of selfinsurance as required by sections 10-4-619 and 10-4-624, C.R.S., the department shall suspend the person's driver's license for a period of eight months. (b) The department shall make a determination of such facts on the basis of the documents and affidavit of a law enforcement officer as specified in subsection (3) of this section, and this determination shall be final unless a hearing is requested and held as provided in subsection (7) of this section. (c) The determination of the facts specified in this subsection (2) by the department is independent of the suspension taken under article 7 of this title. (d) For purposes of this section, "license" includes any driving privilege. (3) Whenever a law enforcement officer determines, by checking the motorist insurance identification database created in section 42-7-604, and by any other means authorized by law, that a driver violates section 42-4-1409 by not having a complying policy or certificate of selfinsurance in full force and effect as required by sections 10-4-619 and 10-4-624, C.R.S., the law enforcement officer making such determination shall forward to the department an affidavit that includes a statement of the officer's probable cause that the person committed such violation, and a copy of the citation and complaint, if any, filed with the court. The affidavit shall be dated, signed, and sworn to by the law enforcement officer under penalty of perjury, but need not be notarized or sworn to before any other person. (4) (a) Upon receipt by the department of the affidavit of the law enforcement officer and the relevant documents required by subsection (3) of this section, the department shall make the determination described in subsection (2) of this section. The determination shall be based upon the information contained in the affidavit and the relevant documents. If the department determines that the person is subject to license suspension, the department may issue a notice of suspension if such notice has not already been served upon the person by the law enforcement officer as required in subsection (5) of this section. (b) The notice of suspension sent by the department shall be mailed in accordance with the provisions of section 42-2-119 (2) to the person at the last-known address shown on the department's records, if any, and to any address provided in the law enforcement officer's affidavit if that address differs from the address of record. The notice shall be deemed received three days after mailing. (c) The notice of suspension shall clearly specify the reason and statutory grounds for the suspension, the effective date of the suspension, the right of the person to request a hearing, the procedure for requesting a hearing, and the date by which that request for a hearing must be Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 110 of 764 Uncertified Printout made. The notice shall also state that the person may avoid suspension by filing with the department proof of financial responsibility for the future, or by compliance with section 42-7302 on the first determination. For subsequent offenses, a person's driver's license shall be suspended in accordance with the provisions of subsection (2) of this section. If the person files proof of financial responsibility for the future, such proof of financial responsibility for the future shall be maintained for three years from the date such proof of financial responsibility for the future is received by the department and after any applicable suspension period. (d) If the department determines that the person is not subject to license suspension: (I) The department shall notify the person of its determination and shall rescind any order of suspension served upon the person by the law enforcement officer; (II) The person whose driver's license was taken possession of by a law enforcement officer under this section may obtain the license by the payment of a fee to the department. The department shall determine the fee in accordance with section 42-2-114.5. (5) (a) Whenever a law enforcement officer determines, by checking the motorist insurance identification database created in section 42-7-604, and by any other means authorized by law, that a driver violates section 42-4-1409 by not having a complying policy or certificate of self-insurance as required by sections 10-4-619 and 10-4-624, C.R.S., the officer, acting on behalf of the department, may serve the notice of suspension personally on such driver. If the law enforcement officer serves the notice of suspension, the officer shall take possession of any driver's license issued by this state or any other state that is held by the person. When the officer takes possession of a valid license, the officer, acting on behalf of the department, shall issue a temporary permit that is valid for seven days after its date of issuance. (b) A copy of the completed notice of suspension form, a copy of any completed temporary permit form, and any driver's, minor driver's, or temporary driver's license or any instruction permit taken into possession under this section shall be forwarded to the department by the law enforcement officer along with the affidavit and documents required in subsections (2) and (3) of this section. (c) The department shall provide forms for notice of suspension and for temporary permits to law enforcement agencies. The department shall establish a format for the affidavits required by this section and shall give notice of such format to all law enforcement agencies which submit affidavits to the department. Such law enforcement agencies shall follow the format determined by the department. (d) A temporary permit may not be issued to any person who is already driving with a temporary permit issued pursuant to paragraph (a) of this subsection (5). (6) (a) The license suspension shall become effective seven days after the subject person has received the notice of suspension as provided in subsection (5) of this section or is deemed to have received the notice of suspension by mail as provided in subsection (4) of this section unless the person files with the department proof of financial responsibility for the future or complies with section 42-7-302 prior to the effective date of the suspension. If the person files proof of financial responsibility for the future, such proof of financial responsibility for the future must be maintained for three years from the date such proof of financial responsibility for the future is received by the department. If a written request for a hearing and evidence of current liability insurance in the respondent's name is received by the department within that same seven-day period, the effective date of the suspension shall be stayed until a final order is issued following the hearing; except that any delay in the hearing that is caused or requested by Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 111 of 764 Uncertified Printout the subject person or counsel representing that person shall not result in a stay of the suspension during the period of delay. (b) The period of license suspension under paragraph (a) of subsection (2) of this section shall be for an indefinite period. The person may reinstate at any time by complying with section 42-7-302 or by filing with the department proof of financial responsibility for the future and paying the required reinstatement fee pursuant to section 42-2-132. If the person files proof of financial responsibility for the future, such proof of financial responsibility for the future must be maintained for three years from the date such proof of financial responsibility for the future is received by the department. (7) (a) Any person who has received a notice of suspension may make a written request for a review of the department's determination at a hearing. The request may be made on a form available at each office of the department. Evidence of current liability insurance in the respondent's name and the person's driver's license, if the license has not been previously surrendered, shall be submitted at the time the request for a hearing is made. (b) The request for a hearing shall be made in writing within seven days after the day the person received the notice of suspension as provided in subsection (5) of this section or is deemed to have received the notice by mail as provided in subsection (4) of this section. If written request for a hearing and evidence of current liability insurance in the respondent's name is not received within the seven-day period, the right to a hearing is waived, and the determination of the department that is based upon the documents and affidavit required by subsections (2) and (3) of this section becomes final. (c) If a written request for a hearing is made after expiration of the seven-day period and if it is accompanied by the applicant's verified statement explaining the failure to make a timely request for a hearing, the department shall receive and consider the request. If the department finds that the person was unable to make a timely request due to lack of actual notice of the suspension or due to factors of physical incapacity such as hospitalization or incarceration, the department shall waive the period of limitation, reopen the matter, and grant the hearing request upon receipt of evidence of current liability insurance in the respondent's name. In such a case, a stay of the suspension pending issuance of the final order following the hearing shall not be granted. (d) At the time the request for a hearing is made, if it appears from the record that the person is the holder of a valid driver's or minor driver's license or any instruction permit issued by this state or temporary permit issued pursuant to subsection (5) of this section and that the license has been surrendered as required pursuant to subsection (5) of this section, the department shall issue a temporary permit upon the receipt of evidence of current liability insurance in the respondent's name. The temporary permit will be valid until the scheduled date for the hearing. If necessary, the department may later issue an additional temporary permit or permits in order to stay the effective date of the suspension until the final order is issued following the hearing, as required by subsection (6) of this section. (e) (I) The hearing shall be scheduled to be held as quickly as practicable but not more than sixty days after the day that the request for a hearing is received by the department; except that, if a hearing is rescheduled because of the unavailability of the hearing officer in accordance with subparagraph (II) of this paragraph (e), the hearing may be rescheduled more than sixty days after the day that the request for the hearing is received by the department, and the department shall continue any temporary driving privileges held by the respondent until the date Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 112 of 764 Uncertified Printout that such hearing is rescheduled. The department shall provide a written notice of the time and place of the hearing to the respondent in the manner provided in section 42-2-119 (2) at least ten days prior to the scheduled or rescheduled hearing, unless the parties agree to waive this requirement. Notwithstanding the provisions of section 42-2-119, the last-known address of the respondent for purposes of notice for any hearing pursuant to this section shall be the address stated on the hearing request form. (II) If a hearing officer cannot appear at any original or rescheduled hearing because of medical reasons, another administrative hearing, or any other legitimate just cause, such hearing officer or the department may reschedule the hearing at the earliest possible time when the hearing officer will be available. (f) If a hearing is held pursuant to this subsection (7), the department shall review the matter and make a final determination on the basis of the documents and affidavit submitted to the department pursuant to subsections (2) and (3) of this section. The law enforcement officer who submitted the affidavit need not be present at the hearing. The department shall consider all other relevant evidence at the hearing, including the reports of law enforcement officers that are submitted to the department. The reports of law enforcement officers shall not be required to be made under oath, but such reports shall identify the officers making the reports. The department may consider evidence contained in affidavits from persons other than the respondent, so long as such affidavits include the affiant's home or work address and telephone number and are dated, signed, and sworn to by the affiant under penalty of perjury. The affidavit need not be notarized or sworn to before any other person. The respondent must present evidence in person. (8) (a) The hearing shall be held in the district office of the department closest to the residence of the driver; except that all or part of the hearing may, at the discretion of the department, be conducted in real time, by telephone or other electronic means in accordance with section 42-1-218.5. The person requesting the hearing may be referred to as the respondent. (b) The presiding hearing officer shall be the executive director of the department or an authorized representative designated by the executive director. The presiding hearing officer shall have authority to administer oaths and affirmations; to consider the affidavit of the law enforcement officer filing such affidavit as specified in subsection (3) of this section; to consider other law enforcement officers' reports that are submitted to the department, which reports need not be under oath but shall identify the officers making the reports; to examine and consider documents and copies of documents containing relevant evidence; to consider other affidavits that are dated, signed, and sworn to by the affiant under penalty of perjury, which affidavits need not be notarized or sworn to before any other person but shall contain the affiant's home or work address and telephone number; to take judicial notice as defined by rule 201 of article II of the Colorado rules of evidence, subject to the provisions of section 24-4-105 (8), C.R.S., which shall include judicial notice of general, technical, or scientific facts within the hearing officer's knowledge; to compel witnesses to testify or produce books, records, or other evidence; to examine witnesses and take testimony; to receive and consider any relevant evidence necessary to properly perform the hearing officer's duties as required by this section; to issue subpoenas duces tecum to produce books, documents, records, or other evidence; to issue subpoenas for the attendance of witnesses; to take depositions, or cause depositions or interrogatories to be taken; to regulate the course and conduct of the hearing; and to make a final ruling on the issues. (c) (I) When a license is suspended under paragraph (a) of subsection (2) of this section, the sole issue at the hearing shall be whether by a preponderance of the evidence the person Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 113 of 764 Uncertified Printout drove a vehicle in this state without having in force a complying policy or certificate of selfinsurance as required by sections 10-4-619 and 10-4-624, C.R.S. If the presiding hearing officer finds the affirmative of the issue, the suspension order shall be sustained. If the presiding hearing officer finds the negative of the issue, the suspension order shall be rescinded. (II) Under no circumstances shall the presiding hearing officer consider any issue not specified in this paragraph (c). (d) The hearing shall be recorded. The decision of the presiding hearing officer shall be rendered in writing, and a copy shall be provided to the person who requested the hearing. (e) If the person who requested the hearing fails to appear without just cause, the right to a hearing shall be waived, and the determination of the department which is based upon the documents and affidavit required in subsections (2) and (3) of this section shall become final. (9) (a) Within thirty-five days of the issuance of the final determination of the department under this section, a person aggrieved by the determination has the right to file a petition for judicial review in the district court in the county of the person's residence. (b) The review shall be on the record without taking additional testimony. If the court finds that the department exceeded its constitutional or statutory authority, made an erroneous interpretation of the law, acted in an arbitrary and capricious manner, or made a determination which is unsupported by the evidence in the record, the court may reverse the department's determination. (c) The filing of a petition for judicial review shall not result in an automatic stay of the suspension order. The court may grant a stay of the order only upon motion and hearing and upon a finding that there is a reasonable probability that the petitioner will prevail upon the merits and that the petitioner will suffer irreparable harm if the order is not stayed. (10) The "State Administrative Procedure Act", article 4 of title 24, C.R.S., shall apply to this section to the extent it is consistent with subsections (7), (8), and (9) of this section relating to administrative hearings and judicial review. (11) This section shall take effect when the motorist insurance identification database, created in section 42-7-604, has been developed and is operational, but not later than January 1, 1999. Source: L. 97: Entire section added, p. 1452, § 9, effective July 1. L. 98: (4)(d)(II) amended, p. 1353, § 98, effective June 1. L. 2000: (5)(b) and (7)(d) amended, p. 1356, § 28, effective July 1, 2001. L. 2001: (8)(a) amended, p. 555, § 6, effective May 23. L. 2003: (2)(a), (3), (5)(a), and (8)(c)(I) amended, p. 1572, § 11, effective July 1. L. 2004: (2)(a) and (4)(c) amended, p. 792, § 2, effective January 1, 2005. L. 2014: (4)(d)(II) amended, (SB 14-194), ch. 346, p. 1547, § 11, effective June 5. L. 2015: (9)(a) amended, (HB 15-1021), ch. 25, p. 63, § 2, effective August 5. Editor's note: Section 11 of Senate Bill 14-194 incorrectly states that it amends subsection (4)(b)(II) when the actual provision it amends is subsection (4)(d)(II). 42-2-127.9. Authority to suspend driver's license - leaving the scene of an accident. (1) (a) The department may suspend the driver's license of any person upon the department's determination that there is proof by a preponderance of the evidence that the person was the driver of a vehicle directly involved in an accident resulting in serious bodily injury to or death Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 114 of 764 Uncertified Printout of any person and failed to immediately stop the vehicle at the scene of the accident, or as close to the scene as possible, or immediately return to the scene of the accident, as required by section 42-4-1601. (b) The department shall make a determination of the facts on the basis of the documents and affidavit of an officer as specified in subsection (2) of this section, and this determination shall be final unless a hearing is requested and held as provided in subsections (6) and (7) of this section. (c) For purposes of this section: (I) "License" includes any driving privilege. (II) "Officer" means a law enforcement officer. (2) Whenever an officer determines that a person has violated section 42-4-1601, the officer making the determination shall forward to the department an affidavit that includes a statement of the officer's probable cause that the person committed the violation and a copy of the citation and complaint, if any, filed with the court. The affidavit shall be dated, signed, and sworn to by the officer under penalty of perjury, but need not be notarized or sworn to before any other person. (3) (a) Upon receipt by the department of the affidavit of the officer and the relevant documents required by subsection (2) of this section, the department shall make the determination described in subsection (1) of this section based upon the information contained in the affidavit and the relevant documents. If the department determines that the person is subject to license suspension, the department may issue a notice of suspension if such notice has not already been served upon the person by the officer in accordance with subsection (4) of this section. (b) The department shall mail the notice of suspension in accordance with section 42-2119 (2) to the person at the last-known address shown on the department's records, if any, and to any address provided in the officer's affidavit if that address differs from the address of record. The notice is deemed received three days after mailing. (c) The notice of suspension must clearly specify the reason and statutory grounds for the suspension, the effective date of the suspension, the right of the person to request a hearing, the procedure for requesting a hearing, and the date by which that request for a hearing must be made. (d) If the department determines that the person is not subject to license suspension: (I) The department shall notify the person of its determination and shall rescind any order of suspension served upon the person by the officer; (II) If the person's license was confiscated by an officer under subsection (4) of this section, the person may obtain the license by the payment of a fee to the department pursuant to subsection (5)(b) of this section. The department shall determine the fee in accordance with section 42-2-114.5. (4) (a) If an officer determines that a person has violated section 42-4-1601, the officer, acting on behalf of the department, may serve the notice of suspension personally on the person. If the law enforcement officer serves the notice of suspension, the officer shall confiscate any driver's license issued by this state or any other state that is held by the person. When the officer takes possession of a valid license, the officer, acting on behalf of the department, shall issue a temporary permit that is valid for seven days after its date of issuance. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 115 of 764 Uncertified Printout (b) The officer shall forward a copy of the completed notice of suspension form, a copy of any completed temporary permit form, and any driver's, minor driver's, or temporary driver's license or any instruction permit taken into possession under this section along with the affidavit and documents required in subsections (1) and (2) of this section. (c) The department shall provide forms for notice of suspension and for temporary permits to law enforcement agencies. The department shall establish a format for the affidavits required by this section and shall give notice of such format to all law enforcement agencies that submit affidavits to the department. Law enforcement agencies shall follow the format determined by the department. (d) A temporary permit shall not be issued to any person who is already driving with a temporary permit issued pursuant to subsection (4)(a) of this section. (5) (a) A license suspension is effective seven days after the subject person has received the notice of suspension as provided in subsection (4) of this section or is deemed to have received the notice of suspension by mail as provided in subsection (3) of this section. If a written request for a hearing is received by the department within that same seven-day period, the effective date of the suspension is stayed until a final order is issued following the hearing; except that any delay in the hearing that is caused or requested by the subject person or counsel representing that person shall not result in a stay of the suspension during the period of delay. (b) The period of license suspension under subsection (1)(a) of this section is one year. After the suspension period is complete, the person may have his or her driver's license restored by paying the required restoration fee pursuant to section 42-2-132 (4). (6) (a) Any person who has received a notice of suspension may make a written request for a review of the department's determination at a hearing. The request may be made on a form available at each office of the department. A person who has received a notice of suspension may also request a hearing for a probationary license issued in accordance with subsection (9) of this section. (b) The request for a hearing must be made in writing within seven days after the day the person received the notice of suspension as provided in subsection (4) of this section or is deemed to have received the notice by mail as provided in subsection (3) of this section. If written request for a hearing is not received within the seven-day period, the right to a hearing is waived, and the determination of the department that is based upon the documents and affidavit required by subsections (1) and (2) of this section becomes final. (c) At the time that a person requests a hearing, the department shall provide to the person written notice advising the person: (I) Of the right to subpoena the law enforcement officer for the hearing and that the subpoena must be served upon the law enforcement officer at least five calendar days prior to the hearing; (II) Of the person's right to notify the department in writing that the person desires the law enforcement officer's presence at the hearing and that, upon receiving the notification, the department shall issue a written notice for the law enforcement officer to appear at the hearing; (III) That, if the law enforcement officer is not required to appear at the hearing, documents and an affidavit prepared and submitted by the law enforcement officer will be used at the hearing; and (IV) That the affidavit and documents submitted by the law enforcement officer may be reviewed by the person prior to the hearing. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 116 of 764 Uncertified Printout (d) If a written request for a hearing is made after expiration of the seven-day period and is accompanied by the person's verified statement explaining the failure to make a timely request for a hearing, the department shall receive and consider the request. If the department finds that the person was unable to make a timely request due to lack of actual notice of the suspension, factors of physical incapacity such as hospitalization, or incarceration, the department shall waive the period of limitation, reopen the matter, and grant the hearing request. In such case, a stay of the suspension pending issuance of the final order following the hearing shall not be granted. (e) (I) The hearing shall be scheduled to be held as soon as practicable but not more than sixty days after the day that the request for a hearing is received by the department; except that, if a hearing is rescheduled because of the unavailability of a hearing officer in accordance with subsection (6)(e)(II) of this section, the hearing may be rescheduled more than sixty days after the day that the request for the hearing is received by the department, and the department shall continue any temporary driving privileges held by the person who requested the hearing until the date that such hearing is rescheduled. The department shall provide a written notice of the time and place of the hearing to the person who requested the hearing in the manner provided in section 42-2-119 (2) at least ten days before the scheduled or rescheduled hearing unless the parties agree to waive this requirement. Notwithstanding section 42-2-119, the last-known address of the person who requested the hearing for purposes of notice for any hearing pursuant to this section is the address stated on the hearing request form. (II) If a hearing officer cannot appear at any original or rescheduled hearing because of medical reasons, a conflicting obligation to conduct another administrative hearing, or any other legitimate just cause, the hearing officer or the department may reschedule the hearing at the earliest possible time when the hearing officer will be available. (f) If a hearing is held pursuant to this subsection (6), the department shall review the matter and make a final determination on the basis of the documents and affidavit submitted to the department pursuant to subsections (1) and (2) of this section. The officer who submitted the affidavit need not be present at the hearing unless requested in accordance with subsection (6)(c) of this section. The department shall consider all other relevant evidence at the hearing, including the reports of other officers that are submitted to the department. The reports of other officers are not required to be made under oath, but each such report must identify the officer making the report. The department may consider evidence contained in affidavits from persons other than the person requesting the hearing, so long as each such affidavit includes the affiant's home or work address and telephone number and is dated, signed, and sworn to by the affiant under penalty of perjury. The affidavit need not be notarized or sworn to before any other person. The person requesting the hearing must present evidence in person. (7) (a) The hearing shall be held in the district office of the department closest to the residence of the person; except that all or part of the hearing may, at the discretion of the department, be conducted by telephone or other electronic means, in real time, in accordance with section 42-1-218.5. (b) The presiding hearing officer shall be the executive director of the department or an authorized representative designated by the executive director. The presiding hearing officer may administer oaths and affirmations; consider the affidavit of the officer filing such affidavit as specified in subsection (2) of this section; consider other officers' reports submitted to the department pursuant to subsection (6)(f) of this section; examine and consider documents and Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 117 of 764 Uncertified Printout copies of documents containing relevant evidence; consider other affidavits submitted pursuant to subsection (6)(f) of this section; take judicial notice as defined by rule 201 of article II of the Colorado rules of evidence, subject to section 24-4-105 (8), including judicial notice of general, technical, or scientific facts within the hearing officer's knowledge; compel witnesses to testify or produce books, records, or other evidence; examine witnesses and take testimony; receive and consider any relevant evidence necessary to properly perform the hearing officer's duties as required by this section; issue subpoenas duces tecum to produce books, documents, records, or other evidence; issue subpoenas for the attendance of witnesses; take depositions, or cause depositions or interrogatories to be taken; regulate the course and conduct of the hearing; and make a final ruling on the issues. (c) (I) When a license is suspended under subsection (1)(a) of this section, the sole issue at the hearing shall be whether, based on a preponderance of the evidence, the person was the driver of a vehicle directly involved in an accident resulting in serious bodily injury to or death of any person and failed to immediately stop the vehicle at the scene of the accident, or as close to the scene as possible, or immediately return to the scene of the accident as required by section 42-4-1601. If the presiding hearing officer finds in the affirmative on that issue, the suspension order shall be sustained and the presiding hearing officer shall then consider whether or not to issue a probationary license in accordance with subsection (9) of this section. If the presiding hearing officer finds in the negative on that issue, the suspension order shall be rescinded. (II) The presiding hearing officer shall not consider any issue not specified in this subsection (7)(c). (d) The hearing shall be recorded. The presiding hearing officer shall render an opinion in writing, and a copy shall be provided to the person who requested the hearing. (e) If the person who requested the hearing fails to appear without just cause, the right to a hearing is waived, and the determination of the department based upon the documents and affidavit required in subsections (1) and (2) of this section is final. (8) (a) Within thirty-five days after the issuance of the final determination of the department under this section, a person aggrieved by the determination has the right to file a petition for judicial review in the district court in the county of the person's residence. (b) Judicial review shall be based on the record without taking additional testimony. If the court finds that the department exceeded its constitutional or statutory authority, made an erroneous interpretation of the law, acted in an arbitrary and capricious manner, or made a determination that is unsupported by the evidence in the record, the court may reverse the department's determination. (c) The filing of a petition for judicial review does not result in an automatic stay of the suspension order. The court may grant a stay of the order only upon motion and hearing and upon a finding that there is a reasonable probability that the person will prevail on the merits and that the person will suffer irreparable harm if the order is not stayed. (9) A presiding hearing officer may issue a probationary license for a period not to exceed the period of suspension for the purpose of driving for reasons of employment, education, health, or other necessities as determined by the presiding hearing officer, which license may contain such restrictions as the department deems reasonable and necessary and which may thereafter be subject to cancellation as a result of any violation of the restrictions imposed therein. The presiding hearing officer may refuse to issue a probationary license if the department finds that aggravating circumstances exist to indicate the individual is unsafe for Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 118 of 764 Uncertified Printout driving for any purpose. In refusing to issue a probationary license, the department shall make specific findings of fact to support such refusal. Such aggravating circumstances must be matters other than the facts and circumstances of the case giving rise to suspension under this section. (10) The "State Administrative Procedure Act", article 4 of title 24, applies to this section to the extent it is consistent with subsections (6), (7), and (8) of this section relating to administrative hearings and judicial review. Source: L. 2017: Entire section added, (HB 17-1277), ch. 337, p. 1797, § 1, effective January 1, 2018. 42-2-128. Vehicular homicide - revocation of license. The department shall revoke the driver's license of any person convicted of vehicular homicide, including the driver's license of any juvenile who has been adjudicated a delinquent upon conduct which would establish the crime of vehicular homicide if committed by an adult. Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2151, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. Editor's note: This section is similar to former § 42-4-1201 as it existed prior to 1994, and the former § 42-2-128 was relocated to § 42-2-136. Cross references: For vehicular homicide, see § 18-3-106; for provision that the operation of vehicles and the movement of pedestrians pursuant to this section apply upon streets and highways and elsewhere throughout the state, see § 42-4-103 (2)(b). 42-2-129. Mandatory surrender of license or permit for driving under the influence or with excessive alcoholic content. Upon a plea of guilty or nolo contendere, or a verdict of guilty by the court or a jury, to DUI or DUI per se, or, for a person under twenty-one years of age, to DUI, DUI per se, DWAI, or UDD, the court shall require the offender to immediately surrender the offender's driver's, minor driver's, or temporary driver's license or instruction permit to the court. The court shall forward to the department a notice of plea or verdict, on the form prescribed by the department, together with the offender's license or permit, not later than ten days after the surrender of the license or permit. Any person who does not immediately surrender the license or permit to the court, except for good cause shown, commits a class 2 misdemeanor traffic offense. Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2151, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. L. 97: Entire section amended, p. 1465, § 8, effective July 1. L. 2000: Entire section amended, p. 1356, § 29, effective July 1, 2001. L. 2008: Entire section amended, p. 248, § 10, effective July 1. L. 2013: Entire section amended, (HB 13-1325), ch. 331, p. 1880, § 6, effective May 28. Editor's note: This section is similar to former § 42-2-123.3 as it existed prior to 1994, and the former § 42-2-129 was relocated to § 42-2-137. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 119 of 764 Uncertified Printout Cross references: For the penalty for a class 2 misdemeanor traffic offense, see § 42-41701 (3)(a)(II). 42-2-130. (Repealed.) Mandatory surrender of license or permit for drug convictions. Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2151, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. L. 98: Entire section amended, p. 1436, § 8, effective July 1. L. 2000: Entire section amended, p. 1356, § 30, effective July 1, 2001. L. 2002: Entire section amended, p. 1586, § 18, effective July 1. L. 2009: Entire section repealed, (HB 09-1266), ch. 347, p. 1819, § 11, effective August 5. 42-2-131. Revocation of license or permit for failing to comply with a court order relating to nondriving alcohol convictions. Upon a plea of guilty or nolo contendere or a verdict of guilty by the court or a jury to an offense under section 18-13-122 (3) or 44-3-901 (1)(c) or (1)(d) or any counterpart municipal charter or ordinance offense to such section and upon a failure to complete an alcohol evaluation or assessment, an alcohol education program, or an alcohol treatment program ordered by the court in connection with such plea or verdict, the court shall forward to the department a notice of plea or verdict or the failure to complete on the form prescribed by the department. Any revocation pursuant to section 42-2-125 (1)(m) shall begin when the department gives notice of the revocation to the person in accordance with section 42-2-119 (2). Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2152, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. L. 97: Entire section amended, p. 928, § 1, effective May 21. L. 2009: Entire section amended, (HB 09-1266), ch. 347, p. 1820, § 12, effective August 5. L. 2014: Entire section amended, (SB 14-129), ch. 387, p. 1939, § 12, effective June 6. L. 2018: Entire section amended, (HB 18-1025), ch. 152, p. 1083, § 25, effective October 1. Editor's note: This section is similar to former § 42-2-123.7 as it existed prior to 1994, and the former § 42-2-131 was relocated to § 42-2-139. 42-2-131.5. Revocation of license or permit for convictions involving defacing property. (Repealed) Source: L. 97: Entire section added, p. 1538, § 7, effective July 1. L. 2000: Entire section amended, p. 1357, § 31, effective July 1, 2001. L. 2009: Entire section repealed, (HB 091266), ch. 347, p. 1820, § 13, effective August 5. 42-2-132. Period of suspension or revocation. (1) The department shall not suspend a driver's or minor driver's license to drive a motor vehicle on the public highways for a period of more than one year, except as permitted under section 42-2-138 and except for noncompliance with the provisions of subsection (4) of this section or section 42-7-406, or both. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 120 of 764 Uncertified Printout (2) (a) (I) Any person whose license or privilege to drive a motor vehicle on the public highways has been revoked is not entitled to apply for a probationary license, and, except as provided in sections 42-2-125, 42-2-126, 42-2-132.5, 42-2-138, 42-2-205, and 42-7-406, the person is not entitled to make application for a new license until the expiration of one year from the effective date of the revocation; then the person may make application for a new license as provided by law. (II) (A) Following the period of revocation set forth in this subsection (2), the department shall not issue a new license unless and until it is satisfied that the person has demonstrated knowledge of the laws and driving ability through the appropriate motor vehicle testing process, and that the person whose license was revoked pursuant to section 42-2-125 for a second or subsequent alcohol- or drug-related driving offense has completed not less than a level II alcohol and drug education and treatment program certified by the office of behavioral health in the department of human services pursuant to section 42-4-1301.3. (B) If the person was in violation of section 42-2-126 (3)(a) and the person had a BAC that was 0.15 or more at the time of driving or within two hours after driving, or if the person's driving record otherwise indicates a designation as a persistent drunk driver as defined in section 42-1-102 (68.5), the department shall require the person to complete a level II alcohol and drug education and treatment program certified by the office of behavioral health in the department of human services pursuant to section 42-4-1301.3, and, upon the restoration of driving privileges, shall require the person to hold a restricted license requiring the use of an ignition interlock device pursuant to section 42-2-132.5 (1)(a)(II). (C) If a person seeking reinstatement has not completed the required level II alcohol and drug education and treatment program, the person shall file with the department proof of current enrollment in a level II alcohol and drug education and treatment program certified by the office of behavioral health in the department of human services pursuant to section 42-4-1301.3, on a form approved by the department. (III) In the case of a minor driver whose license has been revoked as a result of one conviction for DUI, DUI per se, DWAI, or UDD, the minor driver, unless otherwise required after an evaluation made pursuant to section 42-4-1301.3, must complete a level I alcohol and drug education program certified by the office of behavioral health in the department of human services. (IV) Any person whose license or privilege to drive a motor vehicle on the public highways has been revoked under section 42-2-125 (1)(g)(I) or (1)(i) or 42-2-203 where the revocation was due in part to a DUI, DUI per se, or DWAI conviction shall be required to present an affidavit stating that the person has obtained at the person's own expense a signed lease agreement for the installation and use of an approved ignition interlock device, as defined in section 42-2-132.5 (9)(a), in each motor vehicle on which the person's name appears on the registration and any other vehicle that the person may drive during the period of the interlockrestricted license. (V) The department shall take into consideration any probationary terms imposed on such person by any court in determining whether any revocation shall be continued. (b) Repealed. (c) A person whose driving privilege is restored prior to a hearing on the merits of any driving restraint waives the person's right to a hearing on the merits of the driving restraint. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 121 of 764 Uncertified Printout (3) Any person making false application for a new license before the expiration of the period of suspension or revocation commits a class 2 misdemeanor traffic offense. The department shall notify the district attorney's office in the county where such violation occurred, in writing, of all violations of this section. (4) (a) (I) Any person whose license or other privilege to operate a motor vehicle in this state has been suspended, cancelled, or revoked, pursuant to either this article or article 4 or 7 of this title, shall pay a restoration fee of ninety-five dollars to the executive director of the department prior to the issuance to the person of a new license or the restoration of the license or privilege. (II) Notwithstanding the amount specified for the fee in subparagraph (I) of this paragraph (a), the executive director of the department by rule or as otherwise provided by law may reduce the amount of the fee if necessary pursuant to section 24-75-402 (3), C.R.S., to reduce the uncommitted reserves of the fund to which all or any portion of the fee is credited. After the uncommitted reserves of the fund are sufficiently reduced, the executive director of the department by rule or as otherwise provided by law may increase the amount of the fee as provided in section 24-75-402 (4), C.R.S. (b) The department shall transmit the restoration fees collected under this subsection (4) to the state treasurer, who shall credit: (I) (A) Seventy-three dollars to the driver's license administrative revocation account in the highway users tax fund, which account is hereby created and referred to in this subparagraph (I) as the "account". (B) The moneys in the account shall be subject to annual appropriation by the general assembly for the direct and indirect costs incurred by the department in the administration of driver's license restraints pursuant to either this article or article 4 or article 7 of this title, including, but not limited to, the direct and indirect costs of providing administrative hearings under this title, without the use of moneys from the general fund. At the end of each fiscal year, any unexpended and unencumbered moneys remaining in the account shall be transferred out of the account, credited to the highway users tax fund, and allocated and expended as specified in section 43-4-205 (5.5)(c), C.R.S.; and (II) (A) Twenty-two dollars to the first time drunk driving offender account in the highway users tax fund, which account is hereby created and referred to in this subparagraph (II) as the "account". (B) The moneys in the account shall be subject to annual appropriation by the general assembly on and after January 1, 2009, first to the department of revenue to pay its costs associated with the implementation of House Bill 08-1194, as enacted in 2008, and to pay its costs associated with the implementation of House Bill 13-1240, enacted in 2013; second, to the department of revenue to pay a portion of the costs for an ignition interlock device as described by section 42-2-132.5 (4)(a)(II)(C) for a first time drunk driving offender who is unable to pay the costs of the device; third, to the department of revenue to pay a portion of the costs for an ignition interlock device for a persistent drunk driver who is unable to pay the costs of the device and who installs the ignition interlock device on his or her vehicle on or after January 1, 2014; and then to provide two million dollars to the department of transportation for high visibility drunk driving enforcement pursuant to section 43-4-901, C.R.S. Any moneys in the account not expended for these purposes may be invested by the state treasurer as provided by law. All interest and income derived from the investment and deposit of moneys in the account shall be Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 122 of 764 Uncertified Printout credited to the account. At the end of each fiscal year, any unexpended and unencumbered moneys remaining in the account shall remain in the account and shall not be credited or transferred to the general fund, the highway users tax fund, or another fund. Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2152, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. L. 98: (4)(a) amended, p. 1353, § 99, effective June 1. L. 99: (2)(a) amended, p. 1162, § 6, effective July 1. L. 2000: (2)(a)(IV) amended, p. 1076, § 3, effective July 1; (1) amended, p. 1357, § 32, effective July 1, 2001. L. 2001: (2)(a)(II) amended, p. 788, § 6, effective June 1; (2)(a)(IV) amended, p. 1284, § 69, effective June 5. L. 2002: (2)(a)(III) amended, p. 1034, § 74, effective June 1; (2)(a)(II) and (2)(a)(III) amended, p. 1922, § 18, effective July 1; (2)(b) amended, p. 1586, § 19, effective July 1. L. 2003: (4)(a)(I) and (4)(b) amended, p. 448, § 1, effective March 5. L. 2005: (4)(b) amended, p. 142, § 7, effective April 5. L. 2006: (2)(a)(II)(B) amended, p. 1368, § 5, effective January 1, 2007. L. 2008: (2)(a)(II)(B), (2)(a)(II)(C), (2)(a)(III), and (2)(a)(IV) amended, p. 248, § 11, effective July 1; (4)(a)(I) and (4)(b) amended, p. 837, § 7, effective September 1; (1), (2)(a)(I), and (2)(a)(II)(A) amended and (2)(c) added, p. 835, § 5, effective January 1, 2009. L. 2009: (2)(b) repealed, (HB 09-1266), ch. 347, p. 1820, § 14, effective August 5. L. 2011: (2)(a)(II) and (2)(a)(III) amended, (HB 11-1303), ch. 264, p. 1180, § 104, effective August 10. L. 2012: (2)(a)(IV) and (4)(b)(II)(B) amended, (HB 12-1168), ch. 278, p. 1483, § 6, effective August 8. L. 2013: (2)(a)(III) and (2)(a)(IV) amended, (HB 131325), ch. 331, p. 1882, § 9, effective May 28; (4)(b)(II)(B) amended, (HB 13-1240), ch. 361, p. 2114, § 6, effective May 28, and (2)(a)(II)(B) and (4)(b)(II)(B) amended, (HB 13-1240), ch. 361, p. 2113, § 4, effective January 1, 2014. L. 2014: IP(4)(b), (4)(b)(I)(A), and (4)(b)(II)(A) amended, (SB 14-194), ch. 346, p. 1547, § 12, effective June 5. L. 2015: (2)(a)(II)(B) amended, (HB 15-1043), ch. 262, p. 998, § 9, effective August 5. L. 2017: (2)(a)(II) and (2)(a)(III) amended, (SB 17-242), ch. 263, p. 1258, § 23, effective May 25. Editor's note: (1) This section is similar to former § 42-2-124 as it existed prior to 1994, and the former § 42-2-132 was relocated to § 42-2-140. (2) Amendments to subsection (2)(a)(III) by Senate Bill 02-159 and Senate Bill 02-057 were harmonized. (3) Amendments to subsection (4)(b)(II)(B) by sections 4 and 6 of House Bill 13-1240 were harmonized, effective January 1, 2014. Cross references: (1) For the penalty for a class 2 misdemeanor traffic offense, see § 42-4-1701 (3)(a)(II). (2) For the legislative declaration contained in the 2001 act amending subsection (2)(a)(II), see section 1 of chapter 229, Session Laws of Colorado 2001. For the legislative declaration contained in the 2008 act amending subsections (1), (2)(a)(I), and (2)(a)(II)(A) and enacting subsection (2)(c), see section 1 of chapter 221, Session Laws of Colorado 2008. For the legislative declaration in SB 17-242, see section 1 of chapter 263, Session Laws of Colorado 2017. 42-2-132.5. Mandatory and voluntary restricted licenses following alcohol convictions - rules. (1) Persons required to hold an interlock-restricted license. (a) The following persons shall hold an interlock-restricted license pursuant to this section for at least Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 123 of 764 Uncertified Printout one year following reinstatement prior to being eligible to obtain any other driver's license issued under this article: (I) A person whose license has been revoked for excess BAC pursuant to the provisions of section 42-2-126 when the person's BAC was 0.15 or more at the time of driving or within two hours after driving or whose driving record otherwise indicates a designation of persistent drunk driver as defined in section 42-1-102 (68.5); (II) A person whose privilege to drive was revoked as an habitual offender under section 42-2-203 in which the revocation was due in part to a DUI, DUI per se, or DWAI conviction; or (III) A person whose privilege to drive was revoked for interlock circumvention pursuant to paragraph (a) or (b) of subsection (7) of this section. (b) A person whose privilege to drive was revoked for multiple convictions for any combination of a DUI, DUI per se, or DWAI pursuant to section 42-2-125 (1)(g)(I) or (1)(i) shall hold an interlock-restricted license pursuant to this section for at least two years, but not more than five years, following reinstatement prior to being eligible to obtain any other driver's license issued under this article. (2) Posting the interlock restriction to driving record prior to reinstatement of driving privileges. As soon as a person meets the conditions of subsection (1) of this section, the department shall note on the driving record of a person required to hold an interlockrestricted license under this section that the person is required to have an approved ignition interlock device. A person whose driving record contains the notation required by this subsection (2) shall not operate a motor vehicle without an approved ignition interlock device until the restriction is removed pursuant to this section. (3) Minimum interlock restriction requirement for persistent drunk drivers. A person required to hold an interlock-restricted license pursuant to this section who is a persistent drunk driver as defined in section 42-1-102 (68.5), based on an offense that occurred on or after July 1, 2004, shall be required to hold the interlock-restricted license for at least two years following reinstatement before being eligible to obtain any other driver's license issued under this article. (4) Persons who may acquire an interlock-restricted license prior to serving a fullterm revocation. (a) (I) A person whose privilege to drive has been revoked for one year or more because of a DUI, DUI per se, or DWAI conviction or has been revoked for one year or more for excess BAC under any provision of section 42-2-126 may apply for an early reinstatement with an interlock-restricted license under the provisions of this section after the person's privilege to drive has been revoked for one month; except that a person who is less than twenty-one years of age at the time of the offense may not apply for early reinstatement until his or her license has been revoked for one year. A person whose privilege to drive has been revoked for one year or more because of a refusal may apply for an early reinstatement with an interlockrestricted license under the provisions of this section after the person's privilege to drive has been revoked for two months; except that a person who is less than twenty-one years of age at the time of the offense may not apply for early reinstatement until his or her license has been revoked for one year. Except for first-time offenders as provided in subparagraph (II) of this paragraph (a) or for persistent drunk drivers as provided in subsection (3) of this section, the restrictions imposed pursuant to this section shall remain in effect for the longer of one year or the total time period remaining on the license restraint prior to early reinstatement. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 124 of 764 Uncertified Printout (II) (A) First-time offender eligibility. For revocations for convictions for DUI or DUI per se under section 42-2-125 (1)(b.5) or for excess BAC 0.08 under section 42-2-126 (3)(a)(I) for a first violation that requires only a nine-month revocation, a person twenty-one years of age or older at the time of the offense may apply for an early reinstatement with an interlockrestricted license under the provisions of this section after the person's privilege to drive has been revoked for at least one month. Except as provided in subsection (3) of this section and sub-subparagraph (B) of this subparagraph (II), the restrictions imposed pursuant to this subparagraph (II) shall remain in effect for at least eight months. (B) First-time offender interlock removal. A person with an interlock-restricted license issued pursuant to sub-subparagraph (A) of this subparagraph (II) shall be eligible for a license without the restriction required by this section if the department's monthly monitoring reports required in subsection (6) of this section show that, for four consecutive monthly reporting periods, the approved ignition interlock device did not interrupt or prevent the normal operation of the motor vehicle due to an excessive breath alcohol content or did not detect that there has been tampering with the device, there have been no other reports of circumvention or tampering, and there are no grounds to extend the restriction pursuant to paragraph (d) of subsection (7) of this section. If the department determines that a person is eligible for a license without the restriction required by this section pursuant to this sub-subparagraph (B), the department shall serve upon the person a notice of such eligibility. A person who has not been served but who believes he or she is eligible for a license without the restriction required by this section pursuant to this sub-subparagraph (B) may request a hearing on his or her eligibility. The provisions of this sub-subparagraph (B) do not apply to a person covered by subsection (3) of this section. (C) Financial assistance for first-time offenders and persistent drunk drivers. The department shall establish a program to assist persons who apply for an interlock-restricted license pursuant to this subparagraph (II) or pursuant to subparagraph (I) of paragraph (a) of this subsection (4) and who are unable to pay the full cost of an approved ignition interlock device. The program shall be funded from the first time drunk driving offender account in the highway users tax fund established pursuant to section 42-2-132 (4)(b)(II). (b) Early reinstatement eligibility requirement. (I) To be eligible for early reinstatement with an interlock-restricted license pursuant to this subsection (4), a person shall have satisfied all conditions for reinstatement imposed by law including time periods for nonalcohol-related restraints; except that a person whose license was also restrained for driving under restraint pursuant to section 42-2-138 may be eligible for early reinstatement under this section so long as the restraint was caused in part by driving activity occurring after an alcoholrelated offense and the length of any license restriction under this section includes the period of restraint under section 42-2-138. (II) Before being eligible for early reinstatement with an interlock-restricted license under this section, a person shall provide proof of financial responsibility to the department pursuant to the requirements of the "Motor Vehicle Financial Responsibility Act", article 7 of this title. The person shall maintain such proof of financial responsibility with the department for the longer of three years or the period that the person's license is restricted under this section; except that, for an offender subject to section 42-7-408 (1)(c)(I), the period of time that the person must maintain such proof of financial responsibility is the period of time that the person's license is restricted under this section. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 125 of 764 Uncertified Printout (c) In order to be eligible for early reinstatement pursuant to this subsection (4), a person who has been designated an habitual offender under the provisions of section 42-2-202 must have at least one conviction for DUI, DUI per se, or DWAI under section 42-4-1301 and no contributing violations other than violations for driving under restraint under section 42-2-138 or reckless driving under section 42-4-1401. (5) Requirements for issuing the interlock-restricted license. (a) The department may issue an interlock-restricted license under this section if the department receives from a person described in this section an affidavit stating that the person has obtained: (I) A signed lease agreement for the installation and use of an approved ignition interlock device in each motor vehicle on which the person's name appears on the registration and any other vehicle that the person may drive during the period of the interlock-restricted license; and (II) The written consent of all other owners, if any, of each motor vehicle in which the approved ignition interlock device is installed. (b) (I) Notwithstanding the requirements of paragraph (a) of this subsection (5), the department may issue an interlock-restricted license to any person not seeking early reinstatement but who is required to hold an interlock-restricted license pursuant to subsection (1) of this section who is not the registered owner or co-owner of a motor vehicle if the person submits an affidavit stating that the person is not the owner or co-owner of a motor vehicle and has no access to a motor vehicle in which to install an approved ignition interlock device. (II) If a person holding an interlock-restricted license issued pursuant to this paragraph (b) becomes an owner or co-owner of a motor vehicle or otherwise has access to a motor vehicle in which an approved ignition interlock device may be installed, he or she shall enter into a lease agreement for the installation and use of an approved ignition interlock device on the vehicle for a period equal to the remaining period of the interlock-restricted license and submit the affidavit described in paragraph (a) of this subsection (5). (c) The terms of the interlock-restricted license shall prohibit the person from driving a motor vehicle other than a vehicle in which an approved ignition interlock device is installed. (d) The department shall not issue a license under this section that authorizes the operation of a commercial motor vehicle as defined in section 42-2-402 (4) during the restriction required by this section. (6) Interlock monitoring device - reports. The leasing agency for any approved ignition interlock device shall provide monthly monitoring reports for the device to the department to monitor compliance with the provisions of this section. The leasing agency shall check the device at least once every sixty days to ensure that the device is operating and that there has been no tampering with the device. If the leasing agency detects that there has been tampering with the device, the leasing agency shall notify the department of that fact within five days of the detection. (7) Licensing sanctions for violating the interlock restrictions. (a) Due to circumvention - conviction. Upon receipt of notice of a conviction under subsection (10) of this section, the department shall revoke any interlock-restricted license issued to the convicted person pursuant to this section. The department shall not reinstate the interlock-restricted license for a period of one year or the remaining period of license restraint imposed prior to the issuance of an interlock-restricted license pursuant to this section, whichever is longer. A person is Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 126 of 764 Uncertified Printout entitled to a hearing on the question of whether the revocation is sustained and the calculation of the length of the ineligibility. (b) Due to circumvention - administrative record. Upon receipt of an administrative record other than a notice of a conviction described in paragraph (a) of this subsection (7) establishing that a person who is subject to the restrictions of this section has operated a motor vehicle without an approved ignition interlock device or has circumvented or attempted to circumvent the proper use of an approved ignition interlock device, the department may revoke any license issued to the person pursuant to this section and not reinstate the license for a period of one year or the remaining period of license restraint imposed prior to the issuance of an interlock-restricted license pursuant to this section, whichever is longer. A person is entitled to a hearing on the question of whether the license should be revoked and the calculation of the length of the ineligibility. (c) Due to a lease violation. If a lease for an approved ignition interlock device is terminated for any reason before the period of the interlock restriction expires and the licensee provides no other such lease, the department shall notify the licensee that the department shall suspend the license until the licensee enters into a new signed lease agreement for the remaining period of the interlock restriction. (d) Extending the interlock license restriction. If the monthly monitoring reports required by subsection (6) of this section show that the approved ignition interlock device interrupted or prevented the normal operation of the vehicle due to excessive breath alcohol content in three of any twelve consecutive reporting periods, the department shall extend the interlock restriction on the person's license for an additional twelve months after the expiration of the existing interlock restriction. The department shall notify the person that the ignition interlock restriction is being extended and that his or her license shall be suspended unless the person enters into a new signed lease agreement for the use of an approved ignition interlock device for the extended period. The person is entitled to a hearing on the extension of the restriction. Based upon findings at the hearing, including aggravating and mitigating factors, the hearing officer may sustain the extension, rescind the extension, or reduce the period of extension. (8) Rules. The department may promulgate rules to implement the provisions of this section. (9) Approved ignition interlock device definition - rules. (a) For the purposes of this section, "approved ignition interlock device" means a device approved by the department of public health and environment that is installed in a motor vehicle and that measures the breath alcohol content of the driver before a vehicle is started and that periodically requires additional breath samples during vehicle operation. The device may not allow a motor vehicle to be started or to continue normal operation if the device measures an alcohol level above the level established by the department of public health and environment. (b) The state board of health may promulgate rules to implement the provisions of this subsection (9) concerning approved ignition interlock devices. (10) Operating vehicle after circumventing interlock device. (a) A person whose privilege to drive is restricted to the operation of a motor vehicle equipped with an approved ignition interlock device and who operates a motor vehicle other than a motor vehicle equipped with an approved ignition interlock device or who circumvents or attempts to circumvent the proper use of an approved ignition interlock device commits a class 1 traffic misdemeanor. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 127 of 764 Uncertified Printout (b) If a peace officer issues a citation pursuant to paragraph (a) of this subsection (10), the peace officer shall immediately confiscate the offending driver's license, shall file an incident report on a form provided by the department, and shall not permit the driver to continue to operate the motor vehicle. (c) A court shall not accept a plea of guilty to another offense from a person charged with a violation of paragraph (a) of this subsection (10); except that the court may accept a plea of guilty to another offense upon a good-faith representation by the prosecuting attorney that the attorney could not establish a prima facie case if the defendant were brought to trial on the offense. (11) Tampering with an approved ignition interlock device. (a) A person shall not intercept, bypass, or interfere with or aid any other person in intercepting, bypassing, or interfering with an approved ignition interlock device for the purpose of preventing or hindering the lawful operation or purpose of the approved ignition interlock device required under this section. (b) A person whose privilege to drive is restricted to the operation of a motor vehicle equipped with an approved ignition interlock device shall not drive a motor vehicle in which an approved ignition interlock device is installed pursuant to this section if the person knows that any person has intercepted, bypassed, or interfered with the approved ignition interlock device. (c) A person violating any provision of this subsection (11) commits a class 1 misdemeanor and shall be punished as provided in section 18-1.3-501, C.R.S. Source: L. 99: Entire section added, p. 1160, § 4, effective July 1. L. 2000: (1) and (2) amended, (3)(a.5) added, and (4)(a) and (4)(b) repealed, pp. 1076, 1077, §§ 4, 5, 6, effective July 1; (1.5), (6), and (7) added and (3), (4)(c), and (5) amended, p. 1079, § 10, effective January 1, 2001. L. 2002: (1)(a) amended, p. 1918, § 7, effective July 1. L. 2004: (5)(b) amended, p. 170, § 1, effective March 23; (1.7) added and (3)(a) amended, p. 1130, § 1, effective July 1. L. 2006: (1)(b.5) and (1.8) added, p. 1368, §§ 6, 7, effective January 1, 2007. L. 2008: (1)(a), (1)(b.5), (1)(c), and (1.5)(a) amended, p. 249, § 12, effective July 1; (1.5)(a) and (3)(a) amended, p. 835, § 6, effective January 1, 2009. L. 2012: Entire section R&RE, (HB 12-1168), ch. 278, p. 1476, § 1, effective August 8. L. 2013: (1)(a), (1)(c), and (4)(c) amended, (HB 13-1325), ch. 331, p. 1882, § 10, effective May 28; (1)(b), (4)(a)(I), and (4)(a)(II)(C) amended, (HB 13-1240), ch. 361, p. 2111, § 1, effective January 1, 2014. L. 2015: (1) amended, (HB 15-1043), ch. 262, p. 995, § 3, effective August 5. 42-2-133. Surrender and return of license. (1) The department, upon suspending or revoking a license, shall require that such license be surrendered to the department. (2) At the end of the period of suspension, the licensee may apply for and receive a replacement license upon payment of a fee. The department shall set the fee in accordance with section 42-2-114.5 (2). The department shall transfer the fee to the state treasurer, who shall credit it to the licensing services cash fund created by section 42-2-114.5 (1). Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2153, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. L. 2005: Entire section amended, p. 649, § 18, effective May 27. L. 2014: (2) amended, (SB 14-194), ch. 346, p. 1548, § 13, effective June 5. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 128 of 764 Uncertified Printout Editor's note: This section is similar to former § 42-2-125 as it existed prior to 1994, and the former § 42-2-133 was relocated to § 42-2-141. 42-2-134. Foreign license invalid during suspension. No resident or nonresident whose driver's license or right or privilege to operate a motor vehicle in this state has been suspended or revoked as provided in this article shall operate a motor vehicle in this state under a license, permit, or registration certificate issued by any other jurisdiction or otherwise during such suspension or after such revocation until a new license is obtained when and as permitted under this article. Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2153, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. Editor's note: This section is similar to former § 42-2-126 as it existed prior to 1994, and the former § 42-2-134 was relocated to § 42-2-142. 42-2-135. Right to appeal. (1) Every person finally denied a license or identification card, whose identification card has been finally cancelled, or whose license has been finally cancelled, suspended, or revoked by or under the authority of the department may, within thirtyfive days thereafter, obtain judicial review in accordance with section 24-4-106, C.R.S.; except that the venue for such judicial review shall be in the county of residence of the person seeking judicial review. (2) The district attorney of the judicial district in which review is applied for pursuant to this section, upon request of the attorney general, shall represent the department. Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2154, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. L. 97: (1) amended, p. 203, § 3, effective July 1. L. 2015: (1) amended, (HB 15-1021), ch. 25, p. 63, § 3, effective August 5. Editor's note: This section is similar to former § 42-2-127 as it existed prior to 1994, and the former § 42-2-135 was relocated to § 42-2-143. 42-2-136. Unlawful possession or use of license. (1) (a) No person shall have in such person's possession a lawfully issued driver's, minor driver's, or temporary driver's license or instruction permit, knowing that such license or permit has been falsely altered by means of erasure, obliteration, deletion, insertion of new matter, transposition of matter, or any other means so that such license or permit in its thus altered form falsely appears or purports to be in all respects an authentic and lawfully issued license or permit. (b) No person shall fraudulently obtain a driver's, minor driver's, or temporary driver's license or an instruction permit. (2) No person shall have in such person's possession a paper, document, or other instrument which falsely appears or purports to be in all respects a lawfully issued and authentic driver's, minor driver's, or temporary driver's license or instruction permit, knowing that such instrument was falsely made and was not lawfully issued. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 129 of 764 Uncertified Printout (3) No person shall display or represent as being such person's own any driver's, minor driver's, or temporary driver's license or any instruction permit which was lawfully issued to another person. (4) No person shall fail or refuse to surrender to the department upon its lawful demand any driver's, minor driver's, or temporary driver's license or any instruction or temporary permit issued to such person which has been suspended, revoked, or cancelled by the department. The department shall notify the district attorney's office in the county where such violation occurred, in writing, of all violations of this subsection (4). (5) No person shall permit any unlawful use of a driver's license issued to such person. (5.5) No person shall photograph, photostat, duplicate, or in any way reproduce any driver's license or facsimile thereof for the purpose of distribution, resale, reuse, or manipulation of the data or images contained in such driver's license unless authorized by the department or otherwise authorized by law. (6) (a) Any person who violates any provision of subsections (1) to (5) of this section commits a class 2 misdemeanor traffic offense. (b) Any person who violates any provision of subsection (5.5) of this section commits a class 3 misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be punished as provided in section 181.3-501, C.R.S. Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2154, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. L. 97: (5.5) added and (6) amended, p. 354, § 2, effective August 6. L. 2000: (1) to (4) amended, p. 1357, § 33, effective July 1, 2001. L. 2001: (1) amended, p. 941, § 8, effective July 1. L. 2002: (6)(b) amended, p. 1560, § 363, effective October 1. Editor's note: This section is similar to former § 42-2-128 as it existed prior to 1994. Cross references: (1) For the penalty for a class 2 misdemeanor traffic offense, see § 42-4-1701 (3)(a)(II). (2) For the legislative declaration contained in the 2002 act amending subsection (6)(b), see section 1 of chapter 318, Session Laws of Colorado 2002. 42-2-137. False affidavit - penalty. Any person who makes any false affidavit or knowingly swears or affirms falsely to any matter or thing required by the terms of this part 1 to be sworn to or affirmed commits a class 2 misdemeanor traffic offense. The department shall notify the district attorney's office in the county where such violations occurred, in writing, of all violations of this section. Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2154, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. Editor's note: This section is similar to former § 42-2-129 as it existed prior to 1994. Cross references: For the penalty for a class 2 misdemeanor traffic offense, see § 42-41701 (3)(a)(II). Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 130 of 764 Uncertified Printout 42-2-138. Driving under restraint - penalty. (1) (a) Except as provided in subsection (1.5) of this section, any person who drives a motor vehicle or off-highway vehicle upon any highway of this state with knowledge that the person's license or privilege to drive, either as a resident or a nonresident, is under restraint for any reason other than conviction of DUI, DUI per se, DWAI, or UDD is guilty of a misdemeanor. A court may sentence a person convicted of this misdemeanor to imprisonment in the county jail for a period of not more than six months and may impose a fine of not more than five hundred dollars. (b) Upon a second or subsequent conviction under paragraph (a) of this subsection (1) within five years after the first conviction thereunder, in addition to any penalty imposed pursuant to said paragraph (a) of this subsection (1), except as may be permitted by section 42-2132.5, the defendant shall not be eligible to be issued a driver's or minor driver's license or extended any driving privilege in this state for a period of three years after such second or subsequent conviction. (c) This subsection (1) shall apply only to violations committed on or after July 1, 1974. (d) (I) A person who drives a motor vehicle or off-highway vehicle upon any highway of this state with knowledge that the person's license or privilege to drive, either as a resident or nonresident, is restrained under section 42-2-126 (3), is restrained solely or partially because of a conviction of DUI, DUI per se, DWAI, or UDD, or is restrained in another state solely or partially because of an alcohol-related driving offense is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be punished by imprisonment in the county jail for not less than thirty days nor more than one year and, in the discretion of the court, by a fine of not less than five hundred dollars nor more than one thousand dollars. Upon a second or subsequent conviction, the person shall be punished by imprisonment in the county jail for not less than ninety days nor more than two years and, in the discretion of the court, by a fine of not less than five hundred dollars nor more than three thousand dollars. The minimum county jail sentence imposed by this subparagraph (I) shall be mandatory, and the court shall not grant probation or a suspended sentence thereof; but, in a case where the defendant is convicted although the defendant established that he or she had to drive the motor vehicle in violation of this subparagraph (I) because of an emergency, the mandatory jail sentence, if any, shall not apply, and, for a first conviction, the court may impose a sentence of imprisonment in the county jail for a period of not more than one year and, in the discretion of the court, a fine of not more than one thousand dollars, and, for a second or subsequent conviction, the court may impose a sentence of imprisonment in the county jail for a period of not more than two years and, in the discretion of the court, a fine of not more than three thousand dollars. (II) In any trial for a violation of subparagraph (I) of this paragraph (d), a duly authenticated copy of the record of the defendant's former convictions and judgments for DUI, DUI per se, DWAI, or UDD or an alcohol-related offense committed in another state from any court of record or a certified copy of the record of any denial or revocation of the defendant's driving privilege under section 42-2-126 (3) from the department shall be prima facie evidence of the convictions, judgments, denials, or revocations and may be used in evidence against the defendant. Identification photographs and fingerprints that are part of the record of the former convictions, judgments, denials, or revocations and the defendant's incarceration after sentencing for any of the former convictions, judgments, denials, or revocations shall be prima facie evidence of the identity of the defendant and may be used in evidence against the defendant. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 131 of 764 Uncertified Printout (e) Upon a second or subsequent conviction under subparagraph (I) of paragraph (d) of this subsection (1) within five years after the first conviction thereunder, in addition to the penalty prescribed in said subparagraph (I), except as may be permitted by section 42-2-132.5, the defendant shall not be eligible to be issued a driver's or minor driver's license or extended any driving privilege in this state for a period of four years after such second or subsequent conviction. (f) Upon a verdict or judgment of guilt for a violation of paragraph (a) or (d) of this subsection (1), the court shall require the offender to immediately surrender his or her driver's license, minor driver's license, provisional driver's license, temporary driver's license, or instruction permit issued by this state, another state, or a foreign country. The court shall forward to the department a notice of the verdict or judgment of guilt on the form prescribed by the department, together with the offender's surrendered license or permit. Any person who violates the provisions of this paragraph (f) by failing to surrender his or her license or permit to the court commits a class 2 misdemeanor traffic offense. (1.5) Any person who drives a motor vehicle or off-highway vehicle upon any highway of this state with knowledge that the person's license or privilege to drive, either as a resident or a nonresident, is under restraint for an outstanding judgment is guilty of a class A traffic infraction as defined in section 42-4-1701 (3). (2) (a) In a prosecution for a violation of this section, the fact of the restraint may be established by certification that a notice was mailed by first-class mail pursuant to section 42-2119 (2) to the last-known address of the defendant, or by the delivery of such notice to the lastknown address of the defendant, or by personal service of such notice upon the defendant. (b) In a prosecution for a violation of this section, the fact of restraint in another state may be established by certification that notice was given in compliance with such state's law. (2.5) A municipality may enforce violations of subsection (1.5) of this section in municipal court. A municipal court shall not waive or reduce the three-point penalty. (3) The department, upon receiving a record of conviction or accident report of any person for an offense committed while operating a motor vehicle, shall immediately examine its files to determine if the license or operating privilege of such person has been restrained. If it appears that said offense was committed while the license or operating privilege of such person was restrained for a reason other than an outstanding judgment, except as permitted by section 42-2-132.5, the department shall not issue a new license or grant any driving privileges for an additional period of one year after the date such person would otherwise have been entitled to apply for a new license or for reinstatement of a suspended license and shall notify the district attorney in the county where such violation occurred and request prosecution of such person under subsection (1) of this section. (4) For purposes of this section, the following definitions shall apply: (a) "Knowledge" means actual knowledge of any restraint from whatever source or knowledge of circumstances sufficient to cause a reasonable person to be aware that such person's license or privilege to drive was under restraint. "Knowledge" does not mean knowledge of a particular restraint or knowledge of the duration of restraint. (b) "Restraint" or "restrained" means any denial, revocation, or suspension of a person's license or privilege to drive a motor vehicle in this state or another state. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 132 of 764 Uncertified Printout (5) It shall be an affirmative defense to a violation of this section, based upon a restraint in another state, that the driver possessed a valid driver's license issued subsequent to the restraint that is the basis of the violation. Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2155, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. L. 2000: (1)(f) added, p. 683, § 2, effective July 1; (1)(b), (1)(e), and (3) amended, p. 1082, § 12, effective January 1, 2001; (1)(b) and (1)(e) amended, p. 1358, § 34, effective July 1, 2001. L. 2005: (1)(d), (2), (3), and (4)(b) amended and (5) added, p. 648, § 17, effective May 27. L. 2008: (1)(a) and (1)(d) amended, p. 249, § 13, effective July 1. L. 2010: (1)(a), (1)(b), and (1)(f) amended, (HB 10-1090), ch. 45, p. 171, § 1, effective August 11. L. 2013: (1)(a) and (1)(d) amended, (HB 13-1325), ch. 331, p. 1882, § 11, effective May 28. L. 2017: (1)(a) and (3) amended and (1.5) and (2.5) added, (HB 17-1162), ch. 208, p. 810, § 1, effective August 9. Editor's note: (1) This section is similar to former § 42-2-130 as it existed prior to 1994. (2) Amendments to subsections (1)(b) and (1)(e) by Senate Bill 00-018 and Senate Bill 00-011 were harmonized, effective July 1, 2001. Cross references: For the penalty for a class 2 misdemeanor traffic offense, see § 42-41701 (3)(a)(II). 42-2-139. Permitting unauthorized minor to drive. (1) No parent or guardian shall cause or knowingly permit his or her child or ward under the age of eighteen years to drive a motor vehicle upon any highway when such minor has not been issued a currently valid minor driver's license or instruction permit or shall cause or knowingly permit such child or ward to drive a motor vehicle upon any highway in violation of the conditions, limitations, or restrictions contained in a license or permit which has been issued to such child or ward. (2) Any person who violates any provision of this section commits a class B traffic infraction. Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2157, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. L. 2000: (1) amended, p. 1358, § 35, effective July 1, 2001. Editor's note: This section is similar to former § 42-2-131 as it existed prior to 1994. Cross references: For the penalty for a class B traffic infraction, see § 42-4-1701 (3)(a)(I). 42-2-140. Permitting unauthorized person to drive. (1) No person shall authorize or knowingly permit a motor vehicle owned by such person or under such person's hire or control to be driven upon any highway by any person who has not been issued a currently valid driver's or minor driver's license or an instruction permit or shall cause or knowingly permit such person to drive a motor vehicle upon any highway in violation of the conditions, limitations, or restrictions contained in a license or permit which has been issued to such other person. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 133 of 764 Uncertified Printout (2) Any person who violates any provision of this section commits a class B traffic infraction. Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2157, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. L. 2000: (1) amended, p. 1358, § 36, effective July 1, 2001. Editor's note: This section is similar to former § 42-2-132 as it existed prior to 1994. Cross references: For the penalty for a class B traffic infraction, see § 42-4-1701 (3)(a)(I). 42-2-141. Renting or loaning a motor vehicle to another. (1) Except as provided in subsection (4) of this section, no person shall rent or loan a motor vehicle to any other person unless the latter person is then duly licensed under this article or, in the case of a nonresident, duly licensed under the laws of the state or country of that person's residence except a nonresident whose home state or country does not require that an operator be licensed. (2) Except as provided in subsection (4) of this section, a person shall not rent a motor vehicle to another person without first inspecting the driver's license of the person to whom the vehicle is to be rented and verifying that the license is unexpired. The inspection required by this subsection (2) may be performed through the use of an electronic device. (3) A person who rents a motor vehicle to another person shall keep a record of the registration number of the motor vehicle, the name and address of the person to whom the vehicle is rented, the number of the driver's license of the person to whom the vehicle is rented or any authorized driver under subsection (4) of this section, and the place where the license was issued. The person who rents the motor vehicle may maintain the record in an electronic format and shall make the record available for inspection by any police officer or officer or employee of the department. (4) A person may rent a motor vehicle to a person who is blind, as defined in section 262-103 (3), subject to all of the following conditions: (a) The blind person is accompanied by at least one person with a valid license issued under this article or, in the case of a nonresident, a valid license issued under the laws of the state or country of such person's residence. (b) The person renting the motor vehicle to a blind person: (I) Inspects the driver's license of each person who accompanies the blind person and wishes to be authorized to drive the motor vehicle, which inspection may be performed through the use of an electronic device; and (II) Verifies that the driver's license is unexpired. (c) Only persons whose driver's licenses have been verified by the person renting the motor vehicle to the blind person are authorized to drive the motor vehicle, and the names of such persons must be listed in the rental agreement. (d) The renter and the driver of the motor vehicle pursuant to this subsection (4) shall have the same financial or insurance responsibilities under Colorado law as other renters of motor vehicles. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 134 of 764 Uncertified Printout Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2157, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. L. 96: Entire section amended, p. 136, § 1, effective April 2. L. 2019: (2), (3), IP(4), (4)(b), and (4)(c) amended, (HB 19-1321), ch. 385, p. 3442, § 1, effective August 2. Editor's note: This section is similar to former § 42-2-133 as it existed prior to 1994. 42-2-142. Violation - penalty. Any person who violates any provision of this part 1 for which no other penalty is provided in this part 1 commits a class B traffic infraction and shall be punished as provided in section 42-4-1701 (3)(a). Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2158, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. Editor's note: This section is similar to former § 42-2-134 as it existed prior to 1994. 42-2-143. Legislative declaration. The general assembly declares that the provisions of this article as enacted in Senate Bill No. 318 by the forty-ninth general assembly in its first regular session shall not supersede, unless in direct conflict, and shall be harmonized with, the provisions of any other act enacted in the same session which also amends, in any way, this article. Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2158, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. Editor's note: This section is similar to former § 42-2-135 as it existed prior to 1994. 42-2-144. Reporting by certified level II alcohol and drug education and treatment program providers - notice of administrative remedies against a driver's license - rules. (1) The department shall require all providers of level II alcohol and drug education and treatment programs certified by the office of behavioral health in the department of human services pursuant to section 42-4-1301.3 to provide quarterly reports to the department about each person who is enrolled and who has filed proof of such enrollment with the department as required by section 42-2-126 (4)(d)(II). (2) A person determined not to be in compliance with level II alcohol and drug education and treatment pursuant to subsection (1) of this section shall be sent a letter from the department notifying the person of such noncompliance, any administrative remedies that may be taken against the person's privilege to drive, and the time period the person has to comply with the requirements for level II alcohol and drug education and treatment before administrative remedies will be exercised against the person's driving privilege. (3) The department may promulgate rules necessary for the implementation of this section. Source: L. 2001: Entire section added, p. 788, § 7, effective July 1. L. 2001, 2nd Ex. Sess.: (1) amended, p. 1, § 2, effective September 25. L. 2002: (1) amended, p. 1922, § 19, effective July 1. L. 2008: (1) amended, p. 251, § 14, effective July 1. L. 2011: (1) amended, (HB Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 135 of 764 Uncertified Printout 11-1303), ch. 264, p. 1181, § 105, effective August 10. L. 2017: (1) amended, (SB 17-242), ch. 263, p. 1259, § 24, effective May 25. Cross references: For the legislative declaration contained in the 2001 act enacting this section, see section 1 of chapter 229, Session Laws of Colorado 2001. For the legislative declaration contained in the 2001 Second Extraordinary Session act amending subsection (1), see section 1 of chapter 1, Session Laws of Colorado 2001, Second Extraordinary Session. For the legislative declaration in SB 17-242, see section 1 of chapter 263, Session Laws of Colorado 2017. PART 2 HABITUAL OFFENDERS 42-2-201. Legislative declaration concerning habitual offenders of motor vehicle laws. (1) It is declared to be the policy of this state: (a) To provide maximum safety for all persons who travel or otherwise use the public highways of this state; (b) To deny the privilege of operating motor vehicles on such highways to persons who by their conduct and record have demonstrated their indifference to the safety and welfare of others and their disrespect for the laws of this state, the orders of its courts, and the statutorily required acts of its administrative agencies; and (c) To discourage repetition of criminal acts by individuals against the peace and dignity of this state and its political subdivisions and to impose increased and added deprivation of the privilege to operate motor vehicles upon habitual offenders who have been convicted repeatedly of violations of the traffic laws. Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2158, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. 42-2-202. Habitual offenders - frequency and type of violations. (1) An habitual offender is any person, resident or nonresident, who has accumulated convictions for separate and distinct offenses described in subsection (2) of this section committed during a seven-year period or committed during a five-year period for separate and distinct offenses described in subsection (3) of this section; except that, where more than one included offense is committed within a one-day period, such multiple offenses shall be treated for the purposes of this part 2 as one offense. The record as maintained in the office of the department shall be considered prima facie evidence of the said convictions. (2) (a) An habitual offender is a person having three or more convictions of any of the following separate and distinct offenses arising out of separate acts committed within a period of seven years: (I) DUI, DUI per se, or DWAI; (II) Driving a motor vehicle in a reckless manner, in violation of section 42-4-1401; Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 136 of 764 Uncertified Printout (III) Driving a motor vehicle upon a highway while such person's license or privilege to drive a motor vehicle has been denied, suspended, or revoked, in violation of section 42-2-138 (1); (IV) Knowingly making any false affidavit or swearing or affirming falsely to any matter or thing required by the motor vehicle laws or as to information required in the administration of such laws; (V) Vehicular assault or vehicular homicide, or manslaughter or criminally negligent homicide which results from the operation of a motor vehicle, or aggravated motor vehicle theft, as such offenses are described in title 18, C.R.S.; (VI) Conviction of the driver of a motor vehicle involved in any accident involving death or personal injuries for failure to perform the duties required of such person under section 42-4-1601. (b) The offenses included in subparagraphs (I), (II), (III), and (V) of paragraph (a) of this subsection (2) shall be deemed to include convictions under any federal law, any law of another state, or any ordinance of a municipality that substantially conforms to the statutory provisions of this state regulating the operation of motor vehicles. For purposes of this paragraph (b), the term "municipality" means any home rule or statutory city or town, a territorial charter city, or a city and county. (3) A person is also an habitual offender if such person has ten or more convictions of separate and distinct offenses arising out of separate acts committed within a period of five years involving moving violations which provide for an assessment of four or more points each or eighteen or more convictions of separate and distinct offenses arising out of separate acts committed within a period of five years involving moving violations which provide for an assessment of three or less points each in the operation of a motor vehicle, which convictions are required to be reported to the department and result in the assessment of points under section 422-127, including any violations specified in subsection (2) of this section. (4) For the purpose of this section, the term "conviction" has the meaning specified in section 42-2-127 (6) and includes entry of judgment for commission of a traffic infraction as set forth in section 42-4-1701. Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2158, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. L. 97: (2)(a)(I) amended, p. 1466, § 9, effective July 1. L. 2008: (2)(a)(I) amended, p. 251, § 15, effective July 1. L. 2013: (2)(a)(I) amended, (HB 13-1325), ch. 331, p. 1883, § 12, effective May 28. L. 2017: (2)(a)(III) amended, (HB 17-1162), ch. 208, p. 811, § 3, effective August 9. Cross references: For collateral attacks of traffic convictions, see §§ 42-4-1702 and 424-1708. 42-2-203. Authority to revoke license of habitual offender. The department shall immediately revoke the license of any person whose record brings such person within the definition of an habitual offender in section 42-2-202. The procedure specified in section 42-2125 (3) and (4) shall be employed for the revocation. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 137 of 764 Uncertified Printout Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2159, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. L. 2009: Entire section amended, (HB 09-1234), ch. 91, p. 353, § 2, effective August 5. 42-2-204. Appeals. An appeal may be taken from any action entered under the provisions of this part 2 as provided in section 42-2-135. Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2160, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. 42-2-205. Prohibition. (1) No license to operate motor vehicles in this state shall be issued to an habitual offender, nor shall an habitual offender operate a motor vehicle in this state: (a) For a period of five years from the date of the order of the department finding such person to be an habitual offender except as may be permitted by section 42-2-132.5; and (b) Until such time as financial responsibility requirements are met. Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2160, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. L. 2000: (1)(a) amended, p. 1082, § 11, effective January 1, 2001. 42-2-206. Driving after revocation prohibited. (1) (a) (I) It is unlawful for any person to operate any motor vehicle in this state while the revocation of the department prohibiting the operation remains in effect. Any person found to be an habitual offender, who operates a motor vehicle in this state while the revocation of the department prohibiting such operation is in effect, commits a class 1 misdemeanor. (II) Notwithstanding the provisions of section 18-1.3-501, C.R.S., any person convicted of violating subparagraph (I) of this paragraph (a) shall be sentenced to a mandatory minimum term of imprisonment in the county jail for thirty days, or a mandatory minimum fine of three thousand dollars, or both. The minimum jail sentence and fine required by this subparagraph (II) shall be in addition to any other penalty provided in section 18-1.3-501, C.R.S. The court may suspend all or a portion of the mandatory jail sentence or fine if the defendant successfully completes no less than forty hours, and no greater than three hundred hours, of useful public service. In no event shall the court sentence the convicted person to probation. Upon the defendant's successful completion of the useful public service, the court shall vacate the suspended sentence. In the event the defendant fails or refuses to complete the useful public service ordered, the court shall impose the jail sentence, fine, or both, as required under this subparagraph (II). (b) (I) A person commits the crime of aggravated driving with a revoked license if he or she is found to be an habitual offender and thereafter operates a motor vehicle in this state while the revocation of the department prohibiting such operation is in effect and, as a part of the same criminal episode, also commits any of the following offenses: (A) and (B) Repealed. (C) Reckless driving, as described in section 42-4-1401; (D) Eluding or attempting to elude a police officer, as described in section 42-4-1413; (E) Violation of any of the requirements specified for accidents and accident reports in sections 42-4-1601 to 42-4-1606; or (F) Vehicular eluding, as described in section 18-9-116.5, C.R.S. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 138 of 764 Uncertified Printout (II) Aggravated driving with a revoked license is a class 1 misdemeanor, punishable as provided in section 18-1.3-501, C.R.S.; except that a court shall sentence the offender to a mandatory minimum term of imprisonment of sixty days in the custody of a county jail. (III) If a defendant is convicted of aggravated driving with a revoked license based upon the commission of DUI, DUI per se, or DWAI pursuant to sub-subparagraph (A) or (B) of subparagraph (I) of this paragraph (b), as that crime existed before August 5, 2015: (A) The court shall convict and sentence the offender for each offense separately; (B) The court shall impose all of the penalties for the alcohol-related driving offense, as such penalties are described in section 42-4-1307; (C) The provisions of section 18-1-408, C.R.S., shall not apply to the sentences imposed for either conviction; (D) Any probation imposed for a conviction under this section may run concurrently with any probation required by section 42-4-1307; and (E) The department shall reflect both convictions on the defendant's driving record. (2) For the purpose of enforcing this section in any case in which the accused is charged with driving a motor vehicle while such person's license, permit, or privilege to drive is revoked or is charged with driving without a license, the court, before hearing such charges, shall require the district attorney to determine whether such person has been determined to be an habitual offender and by reason of such determination is barred from operating a motor vehicle on the highways of this state. If the district attorney determines that the accused has been so held, the district attorney shall cause the appropriate criminal charges to be lodged against the accused. Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2160, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. L. 99: (1) amended, p. 796, § 9, effective July 1. L. 2000: (1)(a) amended, p. 682, § 1, effective July 1; (1)(a) and IP(1)(b)(I) amended and (1)(b)(I)(F) added, p. 710, § 46, effective July 1. L. 2002: (1)(a)(II) and (1)(b)(II) amended, p. 1560, § 364, effective October 1. L. 2008: (1)(b)(I)(A) and (1)(b)(I)(B) amended, p. 251, § 16, effective July 1. L. 2010: (1)(b)(III) added, (HB 10-1347), ch. 258, p. 1158, § 3, effective July 1. L. 2015: (1)(b)(I)(A) and (1)(b)(I)(B) repealed and (1)(b)(II) and IP(1)(b)(III) amended, (HB 15-1043), ch. 262, p. 996, § 4, effective August 5. Editor's note: Amendments to subsection (1)(a) by House Bill 00-1107 and House Bill 00-1426 were harmonized. Cross references: For the legislative declaration contained in the 2002 act amending subsections (1)(a)(II) and (1)(b)(II), see section 1 of chapter 318, Session Laws of Colorado 2002. 42-2-207. No existing law modified. Nothing in this part 2 shall be construed as amending, modifying, or repealing any existing law of this state or any existing ordinance of any political subdivision relating to the operation of motor vehicles or the providing of penalties for the violation thereof; nor shall anything in this part 2 be construed as precluding the exercise of the regulatory powers of any division, agency, department, or political subdivision of this state having the statutory authority to regulate such operation or licensing. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 139 of 764 Uncertified Printout Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2160, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. 42-2-208. Computation of number of convictions. With respect to persons charged as habitual offenders, in computing the number of convictions, all convictions must result from offenses occurring on or after July 1, 1973. Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2160, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. PART 3 IDENTIFICATION CARDS 42-2-301. Definitions. As used in this part 3, unless the context otherwise requires: (1) "Department" means the department of revenue. (2) "Identification card" means the identification card issued under this article. (3) "Registrant" means a person who acquires an identification card under the provisions of this part 3. Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2160, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. Editor's note: This section is similar to former § 42-2-401 as it existed prior to 1994. 42-2-302. Department may or shall issue - limitations - rules. (1) (a) (I) A person who is a resident of Colorado may be issued an identification card by the department, attested by the applicant and department as to true name, date of birth, current address, and other identifying data the department may require. (II) An application for an identification card shall contain the applicant's fingerprint. (III) An application for an identification card shall include the applicant's social security number or a sworn statement made under penalty of law that the applicant does not have a social security number. (IV) An identification card shall not be issued until any previously issued instruction permit or minor driver's or driver's license is surrendered or cancelled. (V) The applicant's social security number shall remain confidential and shall not be placed on the applicant's identification card. Such confidentiality shall not extend to the state child support enforcement agency, the department, or a court of competent jurisdiction when requesting information in the course of activities authorized under article 13 of title 26, C.R.S., or article 14 of title 14, C.R.S. (VI) Every application shall include the opportunity for the applicant to self-identify his or her race or ethnicity. The race or ethnicity information that may be identified on the application shall not be printed on the identification card but shall be maintained in the stored information as defined by section 42-2-303 (1)(b)(II). That information must be accessible to a law enforcement officer through magnetic or electronic readers. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 140 of 764 Uncertified Printout (b) (I) In addition to the requirements of paragraph (a) of this subsection (1), an application for an identification card shall state that: (A) The applicant understands that, as a resident of the state of Colorado, any motor vehicle owned by the applicant must be registered in Colorado pursuant to the laws of the state and the applicant may be subject to criminal penalties, civil penalties, cancellation or denial of the applicant's identification card, and liability for any unpaid registration fees and specific ownership taxes if the applicant fails to comply with such registration requirements; and (B) The applicant agrees, within thirty days after the date the applicant became a resident, to register in Colorado any vehicle owned by the applicant. (II) The applicant shall verify the statements required by this paragraph (b) by the applicant's signature on the application. (c) A sworn statement that is made under penalty of perjury shall be sufficient evidence of the applicant's social security number required by this subsection (1) and shall authorize the department to issue an identification card to the applicant. Nothing in this paragraph (c) shall be construed to prevent the department from cancelling, denying, recalling, or updating an identification card if the department learns that the applicant has provided a false social security number. (2) (a) The department shall issue an identification card only upon the furnishing of a birth certificate or other documentary evidence of identity that the department may require. An applicant who submits a birth certificate or other documentary evidence issued by an entity other than a state or the United States shall also submit such proof as the department may require that the applicant is lawfully present in the United States. An applicant who submits as proof of identity a driver's license or identification card issued by a state that issues drivers' licenses or identification cards to persons who are not lawfully present in the United States shall also submit such proof as the department may require that the applicant is lawfully present in the United States. The department may assess a fee under section 42-2-306 (1)(b) if the department is required to undertake additional efforts to verify the identity of the applicant. (b) The department may not issue an identification card to any person who is not lawfully present in the United States. (c) The department may not issue an identification card to any person who is not a resident of the state of Colorado. The department shall issue an identification card only upon the furnishing of such evidence of residency that the department may require. (2.5) [Editor's note: Subsection (2.5) is effective January 1, 2020.] (a) The department shall issue a new identification card to a person who has a gender different from the sex denoted on that person's identification card when the department receives: (I) (A) A statement, in a form or format designated by the department, from the person, or from the person's parent if the person is a minor, or from the person's guardian or legal representative, signed under penalty of law, confirming the sex designation on the person's identification card does not align with the person's gender identity; and (B) If the person is a minor under the age of eighteen, a statement, in a form or format designated by the department, signed under penalty of law, from a professional medical or mental health care provider licensed in good standing in Colorado or with an equivalent license in good standing from another jurisdiction, stating that the minor has undergone surgical, hormonal, or other treatment appropriate for that person for the purpose of gender transition, based on contemporary medical standards, and, in the provider's professional opinion, the Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 141 of 764 Uncertified Printout minor's gender designation should be changed accordingly, or the minor has an intersex condition, and, in the provider's professional opinion, the minor's gender designation should be changed accordingly; or (II) A new birth certificate issued pursuant to section 25-2-113.8. (b) The department may only amend a sex designation for an individual's identification card one time upon the individual's request. Any further requests from the individual for additional sex designation changes require the submission of a court order indicating that the sex designation change is required. (3) (a) The department has the authority to cancel, deny, or deny the reissuance of the identification card of a person upon determining that the person is not entitled to issuance of the identification card for the following reasons: (I) Failure to give the required or correct information in an application or commission of any fraud in making such application; (II) Permission of an unlawful or fraudulent use or conviction of misuse of an identification card; (III) The person is not lawfully present in the United States; or (IV) The person is not a resident of the state of Colorado. (b) If the department cancels, denies, or denies the reissuance of the identification card of a person, such person may request a hearing pursuant to section 24-4-105, C.R.S. (4) (a) Any male United States citizen or immigrant who applies for an identification card or a renewal or duplicate of any such card and who is at least eighteen years of age but less than twenty-six years of age shall be registered in compliance with the requirements of section 3 of the "Military Selective Service Act", 50 U.S.C. App. sec. 453, as amended. (b) The department shall forward in an electronic format the necessary personal information of the applicants identified in paragraph (a) of this subsection (4) to the selective service system. The applicant's submission of an application shall serve as an indication that the applicant either has already registered with the selective service system or that he is authorizing the department to forward to the selective service system the necessary information for such registration. The department shall notify the applicant that his submission of an application constitutes consent to registration with the selective service system, if so required by federal law. (5) The department shall not issue an identification card to a first time applicant in Colorado until the department completes its verification of all facts relative to such applicant's right to receive an identification card including the residency, identity, age, and current licensing status of the applicant. Such verification shall utilize appropriate and accurate technology and techniques. Such verification shall include a comparison of existing driver's license and identification card images in department files with the applicant's images to ensure such applicant has only one identity. (6) The department shall not issue an identification card to a person who holds a valid minor driver's or driver's license. (7) The department shall not issue an identification card to an individual whose authorization to be present in the United States is temporary unless the individual applies under and complies with part 5 of this article. (8) The department shall promulgate rules establishing procedures for resolving minor spelling inconsistencies and accepting alternative documents to birth certificates to establish lawful presence. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 142 of 764 Uncertified Printout (9) (a) In accordance with rules promulgated by the department and upon the applicant's submission, either electronically or by mail, of an application and payment of the required fee, the department may issue an identification card to the holder of a driver's license issued under section 42-2-114 or renewed under 42-2-118 if the applicant holds a valid license or if no more than one year has passed since the expiration of the applicant's driver's license. (b) Once the department issues an identification card under this subsection (9), the department shall cancel any valid driver's license held by the applicant. (c) Repealed. Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2161, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. L. 97: (2) amended and (3) added, p. 202, § 1, effective July 1; (1) amended, p. 1001, § 3, effective August 6. L. 98: (2) and (3)(a) amended, p. 295, §§ 3, 4, effective July 1. L. 2001: (1)(a) amended and (5) and (6) added, p. 941, § 6, effective July 1; (1)(a) amended and (1)(c) added, p. 783, § 2, effective August 8; (4) added, p. 647, § 2, effective August 8. L. 2002: (2)(a) amended, p. 171, § 2, effective April 2. L. 2005: (1)(a) amended, p. 649, § 19, effective May 27. L. 2006: (1)(a) amended, p. 46, § 1, effective July 1. L. 2013: (7) added, (SB 13-251), ch. 402, p. 2352, § 3, effective August 7. L. 2014: (8) added, (SB 14-087), ch. 306, p. 1298, § 2, effective August 6. L. 2016: (1)(a)(VI) added, (HB 16-1021), ch. 322, p. 1308, § 3, effective June 10; (9) added, (HB 16-1269), ch. 78, p. 202, § 1, effective August 10. L. 2019: (2.5) added, (HB 191039), ch. 377, p. 3406, § 4, effective January 1, 2020. Editor's note: (1) This section is similar to former § 42-2-402 as it existed prior to 1994. (2) Amendments to subsection (1)(a) by Senate Bill 01-142 and House Bill 01-1125 were harmonized. (3) Subsections (5) and (6) were originally numbered as (4) and (5) in House Bill 011125 but have been renumbered on revision for ease of location. (4) Subsection (9)(c) provided for the repeal of subsection (9)(c), effective July 1, 2017. (See L. 2016, p. 1308.) 42-2-303. Contents of identification card. (1) (a) The identification card shall be the same size as a driver's license issued pursuant to parts 1 and 2 of this article. The card shall adequately describe the registrant, bear the registrant's picture, and bear the following: "State of Colorado", "Identification Card No. ....", and "This is not a driver's license." Each identification card issued to an individual under this section shall show a photograph of the registrant's full face. (b) (I) In the event the department issues an identification card that contains stored information, such card may include only the information that is specifically referenced in paragraph (a) of this subsection (1), and that appears in printed form on the face of the card issued by the department to the registrant and any race or ethnicity information identified on an application pursuant to section 42-2-302 (1)(a)(VI); except that such stored information shall not include the registrant's social security number. (II) As used in this paragraph (b), "stored information" includes information that is stored on the identification card by means of magnetic or electronic encoding, or by any other technology designed to store retrievable information. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 143 of 764 Uncertified Printout (2) Repealed. (3) An identification card shall contain one or more security features that are not visible and are capable of authenticating such card and any information contained therein. (4) (a) At the applicant's voluntary request, the department shall issue an identification card bearing an identifier of a branch of the United States armed forces, such as "Marine Corps", "Navy", "Army", "Air Force", or "Coast Guard", if the applicant possesses a currently valid military identification document, a DD214 form issued by the United States government, or any other document accepted by the department that demonstrates that the applicant is an active member or a veteran of the branch of service that the applicant has requested be placed on the identification card. The applicant shall not be required to provide documentation that the applicant is an active member or a veteran of a branch of the United States armed forces to renew or be reissued an identification card bearing an identifier issued pursuant to this subsection (4). The department shall not place more than one branch of the United States armed forces identifier on an applicant's identification card. (b) and (c) Repealed. (5) (a) Upon the applicant presenting a DD214 form issued by the United States government or any other document accepted by the department that demonstrates that the applicant is a veteran of the United States armed forces, the department shall print the word "Veteran" on the identification card. (b) The holder of an identification card bearing the word "Veteran" need not present documentation that the holder is a veteran of the United States armed forces to renew or reissue the identification card. (c) The department shall not issue an identification card bearing the word "Veteran" if the applicant's documentation shows that the applicant received a dishonorable discharge. Source: L. 94: (1) amended, p. 1453, § 2, effective May 25; entire title amended with relocations, p. 2161, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. L. 2001: (3) added, p. 941, § 7, effective July 1. L. 2005: (2) repealed, p. 650, § 20, effective May 27. L. 2010: (4) added, (HB 10-1209), ch. 322, p. 1498, § 2, effective July 1. L. 2013: (4)(b) repealed, (HB 13-1011), ch. 90, p. 291, § 2, effective August 7; (5) added, (HB 13-1119), ch. 177, p. 653, § 2, effective August 7. L. 2016: (1)(b)(I) amended, (HB 16-1021), ch. 322, p. 1308, § 4, effective June 10. Editor's note: (1) This section is similar to former § 42-2-403 as it existed prior to 1994. (2) Amendments to subsection (1) by House Bill 94-1346 were harmonized with Senate Bill 94-001. (3) Subsection (4)(c)(II) provided for the repeal of subsection (4)(c), effective July 1, 2011. (See L. 2010, p. 1498.) 42-2-304. Validity of identification card - rules. (1) Except as provided in subsection (2) of this section, an identification card issued pursuant to this part 3 expires on the birthday of the registrant in the fifth year after issuance of the identification card. The department may purge its records of such cards twelve years after issuance; except that any records concerning identification cards issued prior to April 16, 1996, may not be purged until October 1, 2003. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 144 of 764 Uncertified Printout (1.5) (a) Any individual who has been issued an identification card pursuant to this section may renew the card prior to the expiration of the card upon application in person and payment of the required fee. (b) The department shall not renew an identification card for a person if the person would not be eligible for an identification card pursuant to section 42-2-302 (2)(b) or (2)(c) or 42-2-505. (1.7) (a) If allowed under federal law, the department shall allow renewal of an identification card issued under section 42-2-302 or 42-2-505 by mail subject to the following requirements: (I) Renewal by mail shall be available to qualifying individuals as determined by the department of revenue including but not limited to persons with disabilities and individuals who are sixty-five years of age or older. (II) Renewal by mail is only available every other renewal period; except that renewal by mail is available every renewal period if the applicant is sixty-five years of age or older. (III) A person renewing by mail shall attest under penalty of perjury that he or she is lawfully present in the United States. (IV) A person renewing by mail shall attest under penalty of perjury that he or she is a resident of the state of Colorado. (b) Every applicant for renewal of an identification card by mail shall submit the required fee or surcharge, if any. (c) The department may promulgate rules necessary for the implementation of this subsection (1.7). (1.8) (a) The department shall allow an applicant to renew an identification card issued under section 42-2-302 or 42-2-505 by electronic means if the applicant: (I) Is sixty-five years of age or older; (II) Attests under penalty of perjury to being lawfully present in the United States; (III) Attests under penalty of perjury to being a resident of Colorado; and (IV) Pays any required fee or surcharge. (b) Applicants who meet the qualifications of paragraph (a) of this subsection (1.8) may electronically renew every renewal period. (1.9) (a) The department may allow an applicant to renew an identification card issued under section 42-2-302 or 42-2-505 by electronic means if the applicant: (I) Is twenty-one years of age or older, but not older than sixty-four years of age; (II) Attests under penalty of perjury to being lawfully present in the United States; (III) Attests under penalty of perjury to being a resident of Colorado; and (IV) Pays any required fee or surcharge. (b) Applicants who meet the qualifications of paragraph (a) of this subsection (1.9) may electronically renew only for two consecutive renewal periods. (2) (a) An identification card issued on or before June 30, 2001, to a person less than eighteen years of age shall expire on the registrant's eighteenth birthday. Such person may renew the card prior to its expiration upon application in person and by paying the required fee. The renewed card for such person shall expire on the registrant's twenty-first birthday. (b) An identification card issued to an individual prior to April 16, 1996, does not expire unless the true name or social security number, if any, of the individual changes. An individual who has been issued a card prior to April 16, 1996, may voluntarily surrender such card to the Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 145 of 764 Uncertified Printout department and, upon payment of the fee required for an identification card application, may request issuance of a new identification card containing an expiration date pursuant to the provisions of subsection (1) of this section. (b.5) An identification card issued on or after July 1, 2001, to a person less than twentyone years of age shall expire on the registrant's twenty-first birthday. (c) An identification card issued to an individual sixty-five years of age or older expires on the birthday of the registrant in the fifth year after issuance of the identification card. Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2161, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. L. 96: Entire section amended, p. 332, § 1, effective April 16. L. 98: (1.5) amended, p. 296, § 5, effective July 1. L. 2000: (1) and (2)(a) amended and (2)(b.5) added, p. 1346, § 8, effective July 1, 2001. L. 2005: (1) amended, p. 650, § 21, effective May 27. L. 2006: (1.7) and (2)(c) added, pp. 570, 571, §§ 1, 2, effective July 1. L. 2013: (1.7)(a)(II) amended and (1.8) added, (SB 13-004), ch. 234, p. 1129, § 1, effective August 7. L. 2014: (1.9) added, (SB 14-194), ch. 346, p. 1548, § 14, effective June 5. L. 2018: (1.5)(b), IP(1.7)(a), IP(1.8)(a), and IP(1.9)(a) amended, (SB 18-108), ch. 260, p. 1598, § 6, effective January 1, 2019. Editor's note: This section is similar to former § 42-2-404 as it existed prior to 1994. 42-2-304.5. Cancellation or denial of identification card - failure to register vehicles in Colorado. The department may cancel, deny, or deny reissuance of an identification card upon determining that the registrant has failed to register in Colorado all vehicles owned by the registrant under the requirements of section 42-3-103. Upon such cancellation, the registrant shall surrender the identification card to the department. The registrant is entitled to a hearing under the procedures provided in section 42-2-122. Source: L. 97: Entire section added, p. 1002, § 4, effective August 6. 42-2-305. Lost, stolen, or destroyed cards. If an identification card is lost, destroyed, or mutilated or a new name is acquired, the registrant may obtain a new identification card upon furnishing satisfactory proof of such fact to the department. Any registrant who loses an identification card and who, after obtaining a new identification card, finds the original card shall immediately surrender the original card to the department. The same documentary evidence shall be furnished for a new identification card as for an original identification card. A new identification card issued pursuant to this section shall expire on the birthday of the registrant in the fifth year after the issuance of the new identification card; except that, if the registrant is under the age of twenty-one years at the time the application for the new identification card is made, the new identification card shall expire on the registrant's twenty-first birthday, or if issued under part 5 of this article 2, the identification card expires as provided in section 42-2509 (1) or on the twenty-first birthday of the applicant as set by rule of the department. Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2162, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. L. 2000: Entire section amended, p. 1347, § 10, effective July 1, 2001. L. 2008: Entire section amended, p. 1918, § 144, effective August 5. L. 2018: Entire section amended, (SB 18108), ch. 260, p. 1598, § 7, effective January 1, 2019. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 146 of 764 Uncertified Printout Editor's note: This section is similar to former § 42-2-405 as it existed prior to 1994. 42-2-306. Fees - disposition. (1) The department shall charge and collect the following fees: (a) (I) (Deleted by amendment, L. 2007, p. 1572, § 5, effective July 1, 2007.) (II) Except as provided in subparagraph (III.5) of this paragraph (a), a fee as determined by the department under section 42-2-114.5 for an identification card or renewal of an identification card. (III) Repealed. (III.5) The department shall not charge a fee to an applicant who is: (A) Sixty years of age or older; (B) Referred by a county department of human or social services pursuant to section 25.5-4-205 (3), 26-2-106 (3), or 26-5-101 (3)(o); or (C) Referred by the department of corrections, the division of youth services, or a county jail. (IV) and (V) Repealed. (b) A fee as determined by the department under section 42-2-114.5 to cover the costs incurred for the reissuance of an identification card that has been cancelled or denied under section 42-2-302 (3), or to verify the identity of the applicant. (2) Fees collected under this section shall be remitted monthly to the state treasurer, who shall deposit the fee in the licensing services cash fund created in section 42-2-114.5. Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2162, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. L. 96: (1) amended, p. 333, § 2, effective April 16. L. 97: (1) amended, p. 203, § 2, effective July 1. L. 98: (1)(a) amended, p. 934, § 3, effective August 5. L. 2000: (1)(a) amended, p. 1347, § 9, effective July 1, 2001. L. 2001: (1)(a)(IV) amended and (1)(a)(V) added, p. 940, § 4, effective July 1. L. 2006: (1)(a)(V)(B) amended, p. 657, § 3, effective April 24; (1)(a)(I) and (1)(a)(II) amended, p. 2023, § 119, effective July 1. L. 2007: (1)(a)(I), (1)(a)(II), and (2) amended, p. 1572, § 5, effective July 1. L. 2009: (2) amended, (SB 09-274), ch. 210, p. 953, § 6, effective May 1; (1)(a)(V) amended, (SB 09-025), ch. 266, p. 1215, § 3, effective July 1. L. 2010: (1)(a)(II) amended and (1)(a)(III.5) added, (SB 10-006), ch. 341, p. 1578, § 4, effective June 5; (1)(a)(V)(A) amended, (HB 10-1422), ch. 419, p. 2125, § 184, effective August 11. L. 2014: (1)(a)(II) and (1)(b) amended and (1)(a)(III), (1)(a)(IV), and (1)(a)(V) repealed, (SB 14194), ch. 346, p. 1548, § 15, effective June 5. L. 2015: (1)(a)(II) amended, (SB 15-264), ch. 259, p. 969, § 94, effective August 5. L. 2017: (1)(a)(III.5)(C) amended, (HB 17-1329), ch. 381, p. 1986, § 69, effective June 6. L. 2018: (1)(a)(III.5)(B) amended, (SB 18-092), ch. 38, p. 454, § 143, effective August 8. Editor's note: This section is similar to former § 42-2-406 as it existed prior to 1994. Cross references: For the legislative declaration in SB 18-092, see section 1 of chapter 38, Session Laws of Colorado 2018. 42-2-307. Change of address. Any registrant who acquires an address different from the address shown on the identification card issued to the registrant shall, within thirty days Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 147 of 764 Uncertified Printout thereafter, notify the department of such change as specified in section 42-2-119 (1)(a). The department may thereupon take any action deemed necessary to ensure that the identification card reflects the proper address of the registrant. Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2162, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. L. 2005: Entire section amended, p. 650, § 22, effective May 27. L. 2010: Entire section amended, (HB 10-1045), ch. 317, p. 1479, § 4, effective July 1, 2011. Editor's note: This section is similar to former § 42-2-407 as it existed prior to 1994. 42-2-308. No liability on public entity. No public entity shall be liable for any loss or injury directly or indirectly resulting from false or inaccurate information contained in identification cards provided for in this part 3. Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2162, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. Editor's note: This section is similar to former § 42-2-408 as it existed prior to 1994. 42-2-309. Unlawful acts. (1) It is unlawful for any person: (a) To display, cause or permit to be displayed, or have in that person's possession any surrendered, fictitious, fraudulently altered, or fraudulently obtained identification card; (b) To lend that person's identification card to any other person or knowingly permit the use thereof by another; (c) To display or represent any identification card not issued to that person as being that person's card; (d) To permit any unlawful use of an identification card issued to that person; (e) To do any act forbidden or fail to perform any act required by this part 3, which would not include use of such card after the expiration date; (f) To photograph, photostat, duplicate, or in any way reproduce any identification card or facsimile thereof in such a manner that it could be mistaken for a valid license, or to display or have in that person's possession any such photograph, photostat, duplicate, reproduction, or facsimile unless authorized by law; (g) To photograph, photostat, duplicate, or in any way produce any identification card as defined in section 42-2-301 (2), or facsimile thereof, unless authorized by law, in such a manner that it could be mistaken for a valid identification card or to display or possess any such photograph, photostat, duplicate, production, or facsimile; (h) To photograph, photostat, duplicate, or in any way reproduce any identification card or facsimile thereof for the purpose of distribution, resale, reuse, or manipulation of the data or images contained in such identification card unless authorized by the department or otherwise authorized by law. Source: L. 94: (1)(g) added, p. 495, § 1, effective March 31; entire title amended with relocations, p. 2162, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. L. 97: (1)(h) added, p. 355, § 3, effective August 6. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 148 of 764 Uncertified Printout Editor's note: (1) This section is similar to former § 42-2-409 as it existed prior to 1994. (2) Subsection (1)(g) enacted by Senate Bill 94-012 was harmonized with Senate Bill 94-001. 42-2-310. Violation. Any person who violates any of the provisions of this part 3 commits a class 3 misdemeanor, as provided in section 18-1.3-501, C.R.S. Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2163, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. L. 2002: Entire section amended, p. 1560, § 365, effective October 1. Editor's note: This section is similar to former § 42-2-410 as it existed prior to 1994. Cross references: For the legislative declaration contained in the 2002 act amending this section, see section 1 of chapter 318, Session Laws of Colorado 2002. 42-2-311. County jail identification processing unit - report - repeal. (Repealed) Source: L. 2009: Entire section added, (SB 09-006), ch. 403, p. 2217, § 2, effective June 2. Editor's note: Subsection (3)(b) provided that this section would be repealed if the revisor of statutes did not receive notification from the executive director of the department of revenue that the estimated amount of moneys to implement this section was received. The revisor of statutes did not receive such notice by June 30, 2012, and so this section was repealed, effective July 1, 2012. (See L. 2009, p. 2217.) 42-2-312. County jail identification processing unit fund. (Repealed) Source: L. 2009: Entire section added, (SB 09-006), ch. 403, p. 2217, § 2, effective June 2. L. 2013: Entire section repealed, (HB 13-1300), ch. 316, p. 1708, § 135, effective August 7. 42-2-313. Department consult with counties on county jail identification processing unit. The department shall meet with representatives of Adams, Arapahoe, Boulder, Douglas, and Jefferson counties, the city and county of Denver, and the city and county of Broomfield on a regular basis to discuss future implementation of a county jail identification processing unit that would travel to county jails to process identification cards for prisoners, as well as to discuss intergovernmental agreements for cost-sharing solutions to fund the unit, solutions to technical and equipment issues that the department has identified, and implementation of program timelines. Source: L. 2009: Entire section added, (SB 09-006), ch. 403, p. 2217, § 2, effective June 2. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 149 of 764 Uncertified Printout Cross references: For the legislative declaration contained in the 2009 act adding this section, see section 1 of chapter 403, Session Laws of Colorado 2009. PART 4 COMMERCIAL DRIVERS' LICENSES Law reviews. For article, "Handling Criminal or Traffic Citations Issued to Commercial Drivers", see 40 Colo. Law. 23 (Feb. 2011). 42-2-401. Short title. This part 4 shall be known and may be cited as the "Commercial Driver's License Act". Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2163, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. Editor's note: This section is similar to former § 42-2-501 as it existed prior to 1994, and the former § 42-2-401 was relocated to § 42-2-301. 42-2-402. Definitions. As used in this part 4, unless the context otherwise requires: (1) "Commercial driver's license" means a license issued to an individual in accordance with the requirements of the federal "Commercial Motor Vehicle Safety Act of 1986", 49 App. U.S.C. sec. 2701 et seq., and any rules or regulations promulgated thereunder, that authorizes such individual to drive a commercial motor vehicle. (2) "Commercial driver's license driving tester" or "driving tester" means an individual licensed by the department under the provisions of section 42-2-407 to perform commercial driver's license driving tests. (3) "Commercial driver's license testing unit" or "testing unit" means a business, association, or governmental entity licensed by the department under the provisions of section 42-2-407 to administer the performance of commercial driver's license driving tests. (4) (a) "Commercial motor vehicle" means a motor vehicle designed or used to transport passengers or property, if the vehicle: (I) Has a gross vehicle weight rating of 26,001 or more pounds or such lesser rating determined by federal regulation; or (II) Is designed to transport sixteen or more passengers, including the driver; or (III) Is transporting hazardous materials and is required to be placarded in accordance with 49 CFR part 172, subpart F. (b) "Commercial motor vehicle" does not include: (I) Recreational vehicles; (II) Military vehicles that are driven by military personnel; (III) Any farm vehicles: (A) Controlled and operated by a farmer; (B) Used to transport agriculture products, farm machinery, or farm supplies to or from a farm; (C) Not used in the operations of a common or contract motor carrier; or Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 150 of 764 Uncertified Printout (D) Used within one hundred fifty miles of the person's farm; (IV) Firefighting equipment. (5) "Department" means the department of revenue. (6) "Gross vehicle weight rating" or "GVWR" means the value specified by the manufacturer as the maximum loaded weight of a single or a combination (articulated) vehicle, or registered gross weight, whichever is greater. The GVWR of a combination (articulated) vehicle, commonly referred to as the "gross combination weight rating" or "GCWR" is the GVWR of the power unit plus the GVWR of any towed unit. (7) "Hazardous materials" means materials as defined under section 103 of the federal "Hazardous Materials Transportation Act of 1987", 49 App. U.S.C. sec. 1801, as may be amended from time to time. (8) "Out-of-service order" means an "out-of-service order" as defined by 49 CFR 383.5. Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2163, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. L. 2006: (8) amended, p. 261, § 2, effective March 31. Editor's note: This section is similar to former § 42-2-502 as it existed prior to 1994, and the former § 42-2-402 was relocated to § 42-2-302. 42-2-403. Department authority - rules - federal requirements. (1) The department shall develop, adopt, and administer a procedure for licensing drivers of commercial motor vehicles in accordance with applicable federal law governing commercial motor vehicle safety and any rules promulgated thereunder. The department is hereby specifically authorized to adopt and effectuate, whether by rule, policy, or administrative custom or practice, any licensing sanction imposed by federal statutes or rules governing commercial motor vehicle safety. (2) (a) The department shall promulgate such rules and regulations as are necessary for the implementation of this part 4. Such rules and regulations shall govern all aspects of licensing commercial drivers, including, but not limited to, testing procedures, license issuance procedures, out-of-service regulations, denial procedures, including suspensions, revocations, cancellations and denials, records maintenance, reporting requirements, and cooperation with the commercial driver's license information system. (b) The department, with the advice of the commissioner of education, shall develop testing and license issuance procedures for school bus drivers who are employed by any Colorado school district. (c) (I) In addition to any other requirements, an application for a commercial driver's license shall state that: (A) The applicant understands that, as a resident of the state of Colorado, any motor vehicle owned by the applicant must be registered in Colorado pursuant to the laws of the state and the applicant may be subject to criminal penalties, civil penalties, cancellation or denial of the applicant's driver's license, and liability for any unpaid registration fees and specific ownership taxes if the applicant fails to comply with such registration requirements; and (B) The applicant agrees, within thirty days after the date the applicant became a resident, to register in Colorado any vehicle owned by the applicant. (II) The applicant shall verify the statements required by this paragraph (c) by the applicant's signature on the application. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 151 of 764 Uncertified Printout (d) The department may not consider the following with regard to an application from a person for a commercial driver's license: (I) A conviction for UDD; (II) A license revocation imposed under section 42-2-126 (3)(b) if the person was under twenty-one years of age at the time of the offense and such person drove a motor vehicle while such person's BAC was at least 0.02 but not more than 0.05; or (III) A license revocation imposed under section 42-2-126 (3)(e) if the person was under twenty-one years of age at the time of the offense and such person drove a commercial motor vehicle while such person's BAC was at least 0.02 but less than 0.04. (e) With regard to every person who holds or applies for a commercial driver's license in this state, the department shall maintain, for at least three years, records of such person's application and of any convictions, disqualifications, and licensing actions for violation of state or local laws relating to motor vehicle traffic control, other than parking violations, committed while the person was operating a commercial motor vehicle or that would affect the person's commercial driving privilege, and shall make such records available to the specified persons and entities as follows: (I) To law enforcement officers, courts, prosecutors, administrative adjudicators, and motor vehicle licensing authorities in Colorado or any other state, all information on all such persons; (II) To the federal secretary of transportation, all information on all such persons; (III) To the individual to whom such information pertains, all such information pertaining to that individual; (IV) To the motor carrier employer or prospective motor carrier employer of the individual to whom such information pertains, all such information pertaining to that individual. (2.5) Any application for the issuance or renewal of a license pursuant to this section shall include the applicant's social security number as required in section 14-14-113, C.R.S. (3) Nothing in this part 4 shall be construed to prevent the state of Colorado from complying with federal requirements in order to qualify for funds under the federal "Commercial Motor Vehicle Safety Act of 1986" or other applicable federal law. (4) (a) Any male United States citizen or immigrant who applies for a commercial driver's license, or a renewal of any such license, and who is at least eighteen years of age but less than twenty-six years of age shall be registered in compliance with the requirements of section 3 of the "Military Selective Service Act", 50 U.S.C. App. sec. 453, as amended. (b) The department shall forward in an electronic format the necessary personal information of the applicants identified in paragraph (a) of this subsection (4) to the selective service system. The applicant's submission of an application shall serve as an indication that the applicant either has already registered with the selective service system or that he is authorizing the department to forward to the selective service system the necessary information for such registration. The department shall notify the applicant that his signature serves as consent to registration with the selective service system, if so required by federal law. (5) Notwithstanding any law or rule to the contrary, upon presentation of satisfactory evidence by an applicant, the department: (a) Shall consider the training, education, or experience obtained by an applicant as a member of the United States armed forces or reserves, the National Guard of any state, the military reserves of any state, or the naval militia of any state; and Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 152 of 764 Uncertified Printout (b) May credit the training, education, or experience toward the qualifications to receive a license, certification, or registration. (6) The department shall require initial applicants for the type of commercial driver's license that authorizes a person to operate a combination vehicle (class A under 49 CFR 383.153) to successfully pass training, when attending a commercial driving school certified for approval by the private occupational schools division in the department of higher education, on the recognition, prevention, and reporting of human trafficking. Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2164, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. L. 97: (2)(d) added, p. 1466, § 10, effective July 1; (2.5) added, p. 1311, § 47, effective July 1; (2)(c) added, p. 1002, § 5, effective August 6. L. 98: (2)(d)(II) amended, p. 174, § 5, effective April 6. L. 2001: (4) added, p. 647, § 3, effective August 8. L. 2004: (1) and (3) amended and (2)(e) added, p. 890, §§ 1, 2, effective July 1, 2005. L. 2008: (2)(d) amended, p. 251, § 17, effective July 1. L. 2016: (5) added, (SB 16-134), ch. 195, p. 686, § 1, effective May 27. L. 2018: (6) added, (HB 18-1018), ch. 117, p. 815, § 1, effective August 8. Editor's note: This section is similar to former § 42-2-503 as it existed prior to 1994, and the former § 42-2-403 was relocated to § 42-2-303. Cross references: For the legislative declaration contained in the 1997 act enacting subsection (2.5), see section 1 of chapter 236, Session Laws of Colorado 1997. 42-2-404. License for drivers - limitations - rules. (1) Except as provided in subsection (4) of this section, no person shall operate a commercial motor vehicle upon the highways in this state on or after April 1, 1992, unless such person has attained the age of twenty-one years and has been issued and is in immediate possession of a commercial driver's license. (1.5) (a) The department shall not issue a commercial driver's license to, and shall immediately cancel the commercial driver's license of, any person subject to a federal disqualification order on the basis of imminent hazard to public safety pursuant to 49 CFR 383.52. (b) A person who is subject to a federal disqualification order on the basis of imminent hazard, or whose commercial or noncommercial driver's privilege is under restraint, shall not be eligible for a restricted, probationary, or hardship license that would permit the person to operate a commercial motor vehicle during the period of such disqualification or restraint. (c) (I) The department shall not issue, renew, upgrade, or transfer a hazardous materials endorsement for a commercial driver's license that would have the effect of authorizing a person to operate a commercial motor vehicle transporting hazardous material in commerce unless the federal transportation security administration has determined that the person does not pose a security risk warranting a denial of the endorsement. (II) Fingerprinting for the purpose of a criminal history record check for a hazardous materials endorsement on a commercial driver's license may be conducted by a state or local law enforcement agent or any other person who has the authorization or approval of a federal agency including, without limitation, the transportation safety administration or the federal bureau of investigation. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 153 of 764 Uncertified Printout (III) A person enrolled in a commercial driver training school or holding a commercial driving learner's permit shall not be eligible to apply for or receive a hazardous materials endorsement and is prohibited from operating a commercial motor vehicle transporting hazardous material at any time. (2) No person who drives a commercial motor vehicle may have more than one driver's license. (3) In addition to any applicable federal penalty concerning commercial motor vehicle operators, any person who violates subsection (1) or (2) of this section, or any rule or regulation promulgated by the department pursuant to this part 4, is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be punished by a fine of not less than twenty-five dollars nor more than one thousand dollars, or by imprisonment in the county jail for not more than one year, or by both such fine and imprisonment. (4) (a) This part 4 does not apply to any person who is at least eighteen years of age but less than twenty-one years of age and who operates a commercial motor vehicle upon the highways of this state solely in intrastate operations. In accordance with section 42-2-101 (4), a person of this age shall not operate any commercial motor vehicle upon the highways unless the person has been issued and is in immediate possession of a minor driver's license of the correct type or general class for the type or general class of motor vehicle that is issued. (b) The department may promulgate rules authorizing a person who is at least eighteen years of age but less than twenty-one years of age to be licensed to drive a commercial vehicle in interstate commerce if the person: (I) Holds a commercial driver's license; and (II) Is authorized by federal law to drive a commercial vehicle in interstate commerce. Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2165, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. L. 2000: (4) amended, p. 1358, § 37, effective July 1, 2001. L. 2004: (1.5) added, p. 891, § 3, effective July 1, 2005. L. 2019: (4) amended, (SB 19-018), ch. 2, p. 18, § 1, effective August 2. Editor's note: This section is similar to former § 42-2-504 as it existed prior to 1994, and the former § 42-2-404 was relocated to § 42-2-304. 42-2-405. Driver's license disciplinary actions - grounds for denial - suspension revocation - disqualification. (1) A person who holds a commercial driver's license or who drives a commercial motor vehicle, as defined under this part 4, shall be subject, in addition to this part 4, to disciplinary actions, penalties, and the general provisions under parts 1, 2, and 3 of this article and article 7 of this title. (2) In addition to applicable penalties imposed under the sections listed in subsection (1) of this section: (a) A person who drives, operates, or is in physical control of a commercial motor vehicle while having any alcohol in his or her system, or who refuses to submit to a test to determine the alcoholic content of the driver's blood or breath while driving a commercial motor vehicle, shall be placed out of service as defined in section 42-2-402 (8). (b) (I) If any person possesses or knowingly transports a schedule I drug or other substance identified in 49 CFR chapter III, subchapter B, appendix D, an amphetamine, a Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 154 of 764 Uncertified Printout narcotic drug, a formulation of an amphetamine, or a derivative of a narcotic drug while operating a commercial vehicle during on-duty time, the department shall cancel such person's commercial driver's license for a period of six months or, if such person does not have a commercial driver's license, the department shall not issue a commercial driver's license to such person until at least six months have elapsed since the date of the latest such occurrence. (II) If any person makes unlawful use of a schedule I drug or other substance identified in 49 CFR chapter III, subchapter B, appendix D, an amphetamine, a narcotic drug, a formulation of an amphetamine, or a derivative of a narcotic drug while operating a commercial vehicle during on-duty time, the department shall cancel such person's commercial driver's license for a period of one year or, if such person does not have a commercial driver's license, the department shall not issue a commercial driver's license to such person until at least one year has elapsed since the date of the latest such occurrence. (3) For purposes of the imposition of restraints and sanctions against commercial driving privileges: (a) A conviction for DUI, DUI per se, or DWAI, or a substantially similar law of any other state pertaining to drinking and driving, or an administrative determination of a violation of section 42-2-126 (3)(a) or (3)(b) shall be deemed driving under the influence; and (b) A conviction for violating section 42-4-706, 42-4-707, 42-4-708, or a substantially similar law of any other state pertaining to conduct at or near railroad crossings, shall be deemed a railroad crossing offense. (4) A commercial driver whose privilege to drive a commercial motor vehicle has been cancelled or denied pursuant to this section may, following any applicable revocation period, apply for another type or class of driver's license in accordance with section 42-2-104, as long as there is no other statutory reason to deny such person such a license. Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2165, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. L. 96: (2) amended, p. 272, § 2, effective April 8. L. 97: (3)(b)(II) amended, p. 1466, § 11, effective July 1. L. 2004: (1) and (3) amended, p. 892, § 4, effective July 1, 2005. L. 2006: (3) amended, p. 261, § 3, effective March 31. L. 2008: (3)(a) amended, p. 252, § 18, effective July 1. L. 2013: (3)(a) amended, (HB 13-1325), ch. 331, p. 1884, § 13, effective May 28. 42-2-405.5. Violations of out-of-service order. (1) A person who operates a commercial motor vehicle in violation of an out-of-service order commits a class 1 traffic misdemeanor. (2) No court shall accept a plea of guilty to another offense from a person charged with a violation of subsection (1) of this section; except that the court may accept such a plea upon a good faith representation by the prosecuting attorney that there is not a prima facie case for the original offense. (3) Upon receipt of notice of a conviction or deferred sentence under subsection (1) of this section, the department shall immediately suspend the commercial driver's license for the maximum period set forth in the United States federal regulations governing violations of out-ofservice orders for commercial drivers and section 42-2-403 (1). (4) Notice of suspension under subsection (3) of this section shall be mailed to the person by the department in compliance with section 42-2-119 (2). Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 155 of 764 Uncertified Printout (5) (a) Upon receipt of the notice of suspension, the person may request a hearing in writing if the person has surrendered to the department a commercial driver's license issued by any state. The department, upon notice to the person, shall hold a hearing as soon as practicable at the district office of the department closest to the residence of the person; except that, at the discretion of the department, all or part of the hearing may be conducted in real time by telephone or other electronic means in accordance with section 42-1-218.5. (b) The only issues at such hearing are whether the driver was convicted of or received a deferred sentence for a violation of subsection (1) of this section and the appropriate length of suspension. If the driver was convicted, the license shall be suspended. The hearing officer may reduce the period of suspension based on findings at the hearing, including without limitation the circumstances of the violation, the prior driving record, and aggravating and mitigating factors. A hearing officer shall not reduce the suspension period below the minimum disqualification period imposed by 49 CFR 383.51. (c) (I) The order of the hearing officer is the final agency action and may be appealed under section 42-2-135. A petition for judicial review must be filed within thirty-five days after the date of the order. (II) Judicial review shall be on the record of the hearing without taking additional testimony. If the court finds that the department exceeded its constitutional or statutory authority, made an erroneous interpretation of the law, acted in an arbitrary and capricious manner, or made a determination that is unsupported by the evidence in the record, the court may reverse the department's determination. (III) The court may grant a stay of the order only upon motion, after a hearing, and upon a finding that there is a reasonable probability that the petitioner will prevail upon the merits and that the petitioner will suffer irreparable harm if the order is not stayed. Source: L. 2006: Entire section added, p. 261, § 4, effective March 31. L. 2015: (5)(c)(I) amended, (HB 15-1021), ch. 25, p. 64, § 4, effective August 5. 42-2-406. Fees - rules. (1) A fee is required for the issuance of a commercial driver's license. The department shall set the fee in accordance with section 42-2-114.5. The department shall transfer the fee to the state treasurer, who shall credit it to the licensing services cash fund created in section 42-2-114.5. The license expires on the birthday of the applicant in the fourth year after its issuance. When issuing a commercial driver's license, the office of the county clerk and recorder shall retain eight dollars and shall forward the remainder to the department for transmission to the state treasurer, who shall credit it to the licensing services cash fund. (2) The fee for a person eighteen years of age or older for issuance of a minor driver's license that authorizes operation of a commercial motor vehicle upon the highways is the same as for a commercial driver's license issued under subsection (1) of this section. The department shall transfer the fee to the state treasurer, who shall credit it to the licensing services cash fund created in section 42-2-114.5. When issuing a minor driver's license, the office of the county clerk and recorder shall retain eight dollars and shall forward the remainder to the department for transmission to the state treasurer, who shall credit it to the licensing services cash fund created in section 42-2-114.5. (3) (a) (I) The fee for the administration by commercial driver's license testing units of the driving test for licensing commercial drivers shall not exceed the fee set by rule. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 156 of 764 Uncertified Printout (II) The department shall promulgate rules setting a limit on the amount that may be charged for the administration of the driving test by commercial driver's license testing units for licensing commercial drivers. The rules shall also provide for a lower fee limit for the administration of the driving test to an employee or volunteer of a nonprofit organization that provides specialized transportation services for the elderly and for persons with disabilities, to any individual employed by a school district, or to any individual employed by a board of cooperative services. The department shall promulgate such rules by December 1, 2008, and every three years thereafter. (b) A fee is required for the administration of driving tests by the department. The department shall set the fee in accordance with section 42-2-114.5; except that the fee for the administration of the driving test to an employee or volunteer of a nonprofit organization that provides specialized transportation services for the elderly and for persons with disabilities, to any individual employed by a school district, or to any individual employed by a board of cooperative services shall not exceed forty dollars. (c) The department may provide by rule for reduced fees for applicants who are retested after failing all or any part of the driving test. (d) The department shall forward all fees collected for the administration of driving tests to the state treasurer, who shall credit them to the licensing services cash fund. (4) An annual license fee is required for a commercial driver's license testing unit. The department shall set the fee in accordance with section 42-2-114.5. The department may provide by rule for reduced license fees for testing units operated by nonprofit organizations that provide specialized transportation services for the elderly and for persons with disabilities, by school districts, or by boards of cooperative services. The provisions of this subsection (4) do not apply to any public transportation system. (5) An annual license fee is required for a commercial driver's license driving tester. The department shall set the fee in accordance with section 42-2-114.5. The department may provide by rule for reduced license fees for employees or volunteers of nonprofit organizations that provide specialized transportation services for the elderly and for persons with disabilities, for individuals employed by school districts, or for individuals employed by boards of cooperative services. The provisions of this subsection (5) do not apply to any public transportation system. (6) The department shall forward all fees collected for the issuance of testing unit licenses and driving test licenses under subsections (4) and (5) of this section to the state treasurer, who shall credit the fees to the licensing services cash fund. (7) Notwithstanding the amount specified for any fee in this section, the executive director of the department by rule or as otherwise provided by law may reduce the amount of one or more of the fees if necessary pursuant to section 24-75-402 (3), C.R.S., to reduce the uncommitted reserves of the fund to which all or any portion of one or more of the fees is credited. After the uncommitted reserves of the fund are sufficiently reduced, the executive director of the department by rule or as otherwise provided by law may increase the amount of one or more of the fees as provided in section 24-75-402 (4), C.R.S. Source: L. 94: (1) and (1.5) amended, p. 539, § 2, effective July 1; entire title amended with relocations, p. 2166, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. L. 97: (1)(b)(II) amended, p. 120, § 1, effective August 6. L. 98: (7) added, p. 1353, § 100, effective June 1. L. 2000: (2) amended, p. 1359, § 38, effective July 1, 2001. L. 2005: (3) and (6) amended, p. 142, § 8, effective April 5. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 157 of 764 Uncertified Printout L. 2007: (1) and (2) amended, p. 1573, § 6, effective July 1. L. 2008: (3) amended, p. 522, § 1, effective August 5. L. 2009: (1), (2), (3)(d), and (6) amended, (SB 09-274), ch. 210, p. 954, § 7, effective May 1. L. 2010: (1), (2), (3)(d), and (6) amended, (HB 10-1387), ch. 205, p. 888, § 6, effective May 5. L. 2012: (1), (2), (3)(d), and (6) amended, (HB 12-1216), ch. 80, p. 265, § 5, effective July 1. L. 2014: (1), (2), (3)(b), (3)(d), and (4) to (6) amended, (SB 14-194), ch. 346, p. 1549, § 16, effective June 5. Editor's note: (1) This section is similar to former § 42-2-506 as it existed prior to 1994, and the former § 42-2-406 was relocated to § 42-2-306. (2) Amendments to subsections (1) and (1.5) by House Bill 94-1028 were harmonized with Senate Bill 94-001. 42-2-407. Licensing of testing units and driving testers - hearings - regulations. (1) Commercial driver's license driving tests may be performed only by employees of the department or by commercial driver's license driving testers employed by commercial driver's license testing units. (2) The department is hereby authorized to issue, deny, suspend, or revoke licenses for the operation of commercial driver's license testing units. The department shall furnish all necessary instructions and forms to such testing units. (3) The department is hereby authorized to issue, deny, suspend, or revoke licenses for commercial driver's license driving testers. The department shall furnish all necessary instructions and forms to such driving testers. (4) The department shall supervise the activities of testing units and driving testers. The department shall provide for the inspection of testing units. Testing units shall be open for business at reasonable hours to allow inspection of the operations of such testing units. (5) Testing units shall keep records as required by the department and shall make such records available to the department for inspection. (6) The department shall require the surrender of the license of any commercial driver's license testing unit or commercial driver's license driving tester upon the suspension or revocation of such license. (7) Any person aggrieved by the denial of issuance, denial of renewal, suspension, or revocation of a testing unit license or driving tester license shall be entitled to a hearing. Hearings held under this subsection (7) shall be conducted by a hearing officer before the department. Such hearing shall be held within thirty days after a written request for a hearing is received by the department. Such hearing shall be held before a hearing officer of the department and shall be held at the district office of the department which is nearest to the residence of the licensee, unless the hearing officer and the licensee agree that such hearing may be held at some other district office. Such hearing officer may administer oaths and may issue subpoenas for the attendance of witnesses and the production of relevant books, records, and papers at such hearing. The aggrieved person shall not perform any act under the license pending the outcome of such hearing. (8) The department shall adopt regulations for the administration and operation of commercial driver's license testing units and the conduct of commercial driver's license driving testers. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 158 of 764 Uncertified Printout Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2168, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. Editor's note: This section is similar to former § 42-2-507 as it existed prior to 1994, and the former § 42-2-407 was relocated to § 42-2-307. 42-2-408. Unlawful acts - penalty. (1) It is unlawful for any person other than an employee of the department to perform commercial driver's license driving tests, to act as a commercial driver's license testing unit, or to act as a commercial driver's license driving tester unless such person has been duly licensed by the department under the provisions of section 422-407. (2) Any person who violates the provisions of this section is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be punished by a fine of not less than twenty-five dollars nor more than one thousand dollars, or by imprisonment in the county jail for not more than one year, or by both such fine and imprisonment. Source: L. 94: Entire title amended with relocations, p. 2169, § 1, effective January 1, 1995. Editor's note: This section is similar to former § 42-2-508 as it existed prior to 1994, and the former § 42-2-408 was relocated to § 42-2-308. 42-2-409. Unlawful possession or use of a commercial driver's license. (1) (a) A person shall not have in his or her possession a lawfully issued commercial driver's license knowing that the license has been falsely altered by means of erasure, obliteration, deletion, insertion of new information, transposition of information, or any other means so that the license in its altered form falsely appears or purports to be in all respects an authentic and lawfully issued license. (b) A person shall not fraudulently obtain a commercial driver's license. (c) A person shall not have in his or her possession a paper, document, or other instrument that falsely appears or purports to be in all respects a lawfully issued and authentic commercial driver's license knowing that the instrument was falsely made and was not lawfully issued. (d) A person shall not display, or represent as being his or her own, a commercial driver's license that was lawfully issued to another person. (e) A person shall not fail or refuse to surrender to the department upon its lawful demand a commercial driver's license issued to the person that has been suspended, revoked, or cancelled by the department. The department shall notify in writing the district attorney's office in the county where the violation occurred of all violations of this paragraph (e). (f) A person shall not permit the unlawful use of a commercial driver's license issued to the person. (g) A person shall not photograph, photostat, duplicate, or in any way reproduce a commercial driver's license or facsimile thereof for the purpose of distribution, resale, reuse, or manipulation of the data or images contained in the commercial driver's license unless authorized by the department or otherwise authorized by law. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 159 of 764 Uncertified Printout (2) A person who violates a provision of subsection (1) of this section commits a misdemeanor and shall be punished as follows: (a) Imposition of a fine of not less than five hundred dollars and not more than one thousand dollars for a first offense; or (b) Imposition of a fine of not less than one thousand dollars and not more than two thousand dollars for a second or subsequent offense within five years after the first offense. (3) (a) Upon receipt of a notice of conviction under this section, the department shall permanently revoke the person's right to receive a commercial driver's license. (b) A notice of revocation under this section shall be mailed to the person by the department in compliance with section 42-2-119 (2). (c) Upon receipt of the notice of revocation, the person or the person's attorney may request a hearing in writing. The department, upon notice to the person as provided in section 42-2-119 (2), shall hold a hearing as soon as practicable at the district office of the department closest to the residence of the person; except that, at the discretion of the department, all or part of the hearing may be conducted in real time by telephone or other electronic means in accordance with section 42-1-218.5. (d) The order of the hearing officer is the final agency action and may be appealed under section 42-2-135. A petition for judicial review must be filed within thirty-five days after the date of the order. (4) A court shall not accept a plea of guilty to another offense from a person charged with a violation of this section; except that the court may accept a plea of guilty to another offense upon a good faith representation by the prosecuting attorney that the attorney cannot establish a prima facie case if the defendant is brought to trial on the original offense. Source: L. 2006: Entire section added, p. 165, § 1, effective July 1. L. 2015: (3)(d) amended, (HB 15-1021), ch. 25, p. 64, § 5, effective August 5. PART 5 COLORADO ROAD AND COMMUNITY SAFETY ACT 42-2-501. Short title. This part 5 may be known and cited as the "Colorado Road and Community Safety Act". Source: L. 2013: Entire part added, (SB 13-251), ch. 402, p. 2352, § 4, effective August 7. 42-2-502. Legislative declaration. The purpose of this part 5 is to authorize an individual to qualify for a driver's license, minor driver's license, instruction permit, or identification card despite the individual not being lawfully present or being temporarily lawfully present in the United States. This part 5 is not intended to change other qualifications, requirements, or consequences of holding the document under parts 1 to 3 of this article, article 7 of this title, or any other provision of law. The suspension or revocation of driving privileges, the required fees, financial responsibility requirements, rules of the road, administrative procedures Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 160 of 764 Uncertified Printout and hearings, qualifications for a driver's license, violations and penalties, and other provisions that apply to driver's licenses, minor driver's licenses, instruction permits, and identification cards are not intended to be affected by this part 5. Source: L. 2013: Entire part added, (SB 13-251), ch. 402, p. 2352, § 4, effective August 7. 42-2-503. Definitions. As used in this part 5, unless the context otherwise requires: (1) "Identification document" means a driver's license, minor driver's license, instruction permit, or identification card issued by the department of revenue under parts 1 and 3 of this article. (2) "Proof of return filing" means the document issued under section 39-21-113 (4)(b), C.R.S., that certifies that the applicant filed a Colorado resident income tax return. (3) "Temporarily present" means a person whose authority to lawfully remain in the United States is temporary and who qualifies for a temporary identification document card under Pub.L. 109-13, Division B, Title II, sec. 202 (c)(2)(C). Source: L. 2013: Entire part added, (SB 13-251), ch. 402, p. 2352, § 4, effective August 7. 42-2-504. Applicability. (1) This part 5 applies to identification documents for individuals who are not citizens of the United States and who do not have permanent residency status. (2) Other provisions. Parts 1 to 4 of this article 2 and article 7 of this title 42 apply to identification documents issued or renewed under this part 5, but to the extent there is a conflict, this part 5 supercedes parts 1 to 3 of this article 2 and article 7 of this title 42 for identification documents issued in compliance with this part 5. (3) Commercial driver's licenses. This part 5 does not authorize the issuance of a commercial driver's license or commercial driving learner's permit under part 4 of this article to a person who is not lawfully present in the United States. Source: L. 2013: Entire part added, (SB 13-251), ch. 402, p. 2352, § 4, effective August 7. L. 2018: (2) amended, (SB 18-108), ch. 260, p. 1595, § 1, effective January 1, 2019. 42-2-505. Identification documents - individuals not lawfully present - rules. (1) Documents issued. An individual who is not lawfully present in the United States may apply for an identification document in accordance with this part 5. The department shall issue an identification document to an applicant who: (a) Qualifies for the document applied for except for qualifications that conflict with this section; and (b) (I) Signs an affidavit that the applicant is currently a resident and presents proof of return filing for the immediately preceding year and evidence of residence in Colorado that conforms to the standards of Pub.L. 109-13, Division B, Title II, sec. 201 et seq. or any rules promulgated under Pub.L. 109-13, Division B, Title II, sec. 201 et seq.; or Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 161 of 764 Uncertified Printout (II) Signs an affidavit that the applicant has continuously been a resident in Colorado for the immediately preceding twenty-four months and presents evidence of residence in Colorado for the immediately preceding twenty-four months that conforms to the standards of Pub.L. 10913, Division B, Title II, sec. 201 et seq. or any rules promulgated under Pub.L. 109-13, Division B, Title II, sec. 201 et seq.; and (c) (I) Documents an individual taxpayer identification number issued by the United States internal revenue service; or (II) Documents a social security number issued by the United States social security administration, which documentation may include a social security card or any other documentation acceptable to the department as provided by rule if the federal government confirms the individual's social security number. This confirmation must include electronic confirmation through the social security online verification system commonly known as SSOLV; and (d) Affirms in an affidavit signed by the applicant that the applicant has applied to be lawfully present within the United States or will apply to be lawfully present as soon as the applicant is eligible; and (e) Presents one of the following from the applicant's country of origin: (I) A passport; (II) A consular identification card; or (III) A military identification document. (1.5) [Editor's note: Subsection (1.5) is effective January 1, 2020.] (a) The department shall issue a new identification document to a person who has a gender different from the sex denoted on that person's identification document when the department receives: (I) (A) A statement, in a form or format designated by the department, from the person, or from the person's parent if the person is a minor, or from the person's guardian or legal representative, signed under penalty of law, confirming the sex designation on the person's identification document does not align with the person's gender identity; and (B) If the person is a minor under the age of eighteen, a statement, in a form or format designated by the department, signed under penalty of law, from a professional medical or mental health care provider licensed in good standing in Colorado or with an equivalent license in good standing from another jurisdiction, stating that the minor has undergone surgical, hormonal, or other treatment appropriate for that person for the purpose of gender transition, based on contemporary medical standards, and, in the provider's professional opinion, the minor's gender designation should be changed accordingly, or the minor has an intersex condition, and, in the provider's professional opinion, the minor's gender designation should be changed accordingly; or (II) A new birth certificate issued pursuant to section 25-2-113.8. (b) The department may only amend a sex designation for an individual's identification document one time upon the individual's request. Any further requests from the individual for additional sex designation changes require the submission of a court order indicating that the sex designation change is required. (2) Document contents. (a) On an identification document issued under this section, the department shall place the phrase "Not valid for federal identification, voting, or public benefit purposes" clearly displayed on the face and incorporated into the machine readable zone. The department may use a substantially similar phrase if required by federal law. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 162 of 764 Uncertified Printout (b) The department shall design the identification document issued under this section to be distinguishable from another identification document issued under this article in compliance with federal law. (3) Graduated driver's license requirements. To be issued a minor driver's license under this section, an applicant who is under eighteen years of age must comply with section 422-104 (4). Source: L. 2013: Entire part added, (SB 13-251), ch. 402, p. 2353, § 4, effective August 7. L. 2018: IP(1) and (1)(c) amended, (SB 18-108), ch. 260, p. 1595, § 2, effective January 1, 2019. L. 2019: (1.5) added, (HB 19-1039), ch. 377, p. 3407, § 5, effective January 1, 2020. 42-2-506. Identification documents - individuals temporarily lawfully present. (1) An individual who is temporarily present in the United States may apply for an identification document under this section. The department shall issue an identification document if: (a) The individual: (I) Qualifies for the document applied for except for qualifications that conflict with this section; and (II) Produces documents that satisfy the department that the individual is lawfully present in the United States; and (b) The federal government confirms the individual's status, including electronically through the SAVE system. Source: L. 2013: Entire part added, (SB 13-251), ch. 402, p. 2354, § 4, effective August 7. L. 2014: (1)(b) amended, (HB 14-1363), ch. 302, p. 1276, § 46, effective May 31. Cross references: For the automated system know as Systematic Alien Verification for Entitlements (SAVE), referred to in subsection (1)(b), see 49 U.S.C. § 30301 note. 42-2-507. Taxpayer identification number - confidentiality. The department shall keep the applicant's individual taxpayer identification number confidential and shall not place it on the applicant's document; except that this confidentiality requirement does not extend to the state child support enforcement agency, the department, or a court of competent jurisdiction when requesting information in the course of activities authorized under article 13 of title 26, C.R.S., or article 14 of title 14, C.R.S. Source: L. 2013: Entire part added, (SB 13-251), ch. 402, p. 2354, § 4, effective August 7. 42-2-508. Fees - operations - rule - repeal. (1) The department may promulgate a rule imposing an additional fee for issuance of a document issued under this part 5 to cover the direct and indirect cost of implementing this part 5. The department shall set the fee in accordance with section 42-2-114.5 (2). The department shall transfer the fees to the state treasurer, who shall credit the fees to the licensing services cash fund, created in section 42-2-114.5 (1). (2) (a) By January 1, 2020, the department shall issue identification documents under this part 5 in an efficient manner at eight or more offices, including offices operating before Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 163 of 764 Uncertified Printout January 1, 2020, that are geographically distributed throughout the state. This subsection (2)(a) is repealed, effective July 1, 2020. (b) By July 1, 2020, the department shall issue identification documents under this part 5 in an efficient manner at ten or more offices, including offices operating before July 1, 2020, that are geographically distributed throughout the state. Source: L. 2013: Entire part added, (SB 13-251), ch. 402, p. 2354, § 4, effective August 7. L. 2014: Entire section amended, (SB 14-194), ch. 346, p. 1551, § 17, effective June 5. L. 2019: Entire section amended, (SB 19-139), ch. 298, p. 2757, § 1, effective May 28. 42-2-509. Renewal - duplicate - replacement - rules. (1) Renewal. (a) An identification document issued under this part 5 expires three years after issuance. The holder of the document must apply for renewal in accordance with section 42-2-118 or 42-2-304, as applicable, to continue to hold a valid identification document; except that the holder: (I) Need not demonstrate lawful presence if the identification document was issued under section 42-2-504; (II) Is not permitted to extend the expiration date under section 42-2-118 (1)(b)(I); and (III) Is not permitted to obtain an identification document using a sworn statement of the person's social security number. (b) To renew an identification document issued under section 42-2-504 to a person who is not lawfully present, the holder must present the identification document and provide evidence of current Colorado residency as determined by the department by rule. (2) Duplicate permits, minor licenses, and identification cards - replacements. If an instruction permit, minor driver's license, or identification card issued under this part 5 is lost, stolen, or destroyed, the person to whom it was issued may obtain a duplicate or replacement in accordance with section 42-2-117 or 42-2-305, as applicable. Source: L. 2013: Entire part added, (SB 13-251), ch. 402, p. 2354, § 4, effective August 7. L. 2018: Entire section amended, (SB 18-108), ch. 260, p. 1596, § 3, effective January 1, 2019. 42-2-510. Peace officers - arrest authority. An immigration status violation is a federal offense. A peace officer is not authorized to arrest an individual merely for possessing an identification document issued under this part 5. Source: L. 2013: Entire part added, (SB 13-251), ch. 402, p. 2354, § 4, effective August 7. 42-2-511. Driving test - third-party option - definition. (1) As used in this section, "driving test" means the demonstration of ordinary and reasonable care in the operation of a motor vehicle in accordance with section 42-2-111. (2) To use the procedure set forth in subsection (3) of this section, an applicant for an identification document must fulfill the applicable requirements of this part 5 and part 1 of this article other than the driving test. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 164 of 764 Uncertified Printout (3) If an applicant for an identification document under this part 5 fails the driving test, the applicant may retake the driving test from a vendor approved by the department to conduct the test. If the applicant passes the driving test within sixty days after failing the driving test, the applicant may reopen the application for a driver's license at any office authorized to issue identification documents to the applicant. To be issued the license under this part 5, the applicant must present evidence of passing the test. Source: L. 2016: Entire section added, (HB 16-1415), ch. 139, p. 414, § 5, effective May 4. PART 6 COMMERCIAL DRIVING SCHOOLS Editor's note: This part 6 was added with relocations in 2017. Former C.R.S. section numbers are shown in editor's notes following those sections that were relocated. 42-2-601. Definitions. As used in this part 6, unless the context otherwise requires: (1) "Commercial driving instructor" means an individual who has been employed by a commercial driving school. (2) "Commercial driving school" means any business or any person who, for compensation, provides or offers to provide instruction in the operation of a motor vehicle, with the exceptions of secondary schools and institutions of higher education offering programs approved by the department of education and private occupational schools offering programs approved by the private occupational school division. The term shall not include any motorcycle operator safety training program established pursuant to section 43-5-502. (3) "Department" means the department of revenue. Source: L. 2017: Entire part added with relocations, (SB 17-224), ch. 179, p. 657, § 1, effective August 9. Editor's note: This section is similar to former § 12-15-101 as it existed prior to 2017. 42-2-602. Equipment of vehicles. (1) Every motor vehicle used by a commercial driving school in the conduct of its course of driver training shall be equipped as follows: (a) The vehicle shall be equipped as provided in article 4 of this title 42. (b) The vehicle shall be equipped with dual controls on the foot brake that will enable the commercial driving instructor to bring the car under control in case of emergency. (c) The vehicle shall have an outside rear vision mirror on the commercial driving instructor's side of the vehicle. (d) The vehicle shall be equipped with four-way emergency flashers. (e) The vehicle shall be equipped with seat belts for the operator of the vehicle and for the commercial driving instructor. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 165 of 764 Uncertified Printout Source: L. 2017: Entire part added with relocations, (SB 17-224), ch. 179, p. 658, § 1, effective August 9. Editor's note: This section is similar to former § 12-15-114 as it existed prior to 2017. 42-2-603. Rules. (1) The department is authorized to promulgate rules as necessary to carry out the provisions of this part 6. (2) Specifically, the department shall have power to adopt rules upon the following matters: (a) Prescribe the content of courses of instruction; (b) Prescribe the type of equipment to be used in said courses of instruction; (c) Prescribe records to be kept by a commercial driving school; (d) Prescribe the form of contracts and agreements used by commercial driving schools. (3) In adopting the rules, the department shall use the guidelines concerning commercial driving schools promulgated by the United States department of transportation. (4) Rules adopted pursuant to this section shall be adopted in accordance with section 24-4-103. Source: L. 2017: Entire part added with relocations, (SB 17-224), ch. 179, p. 658, § 1, effective August 9. Editor's note: This section is similar to former § 12-15-116 as it existed prior to 2017. 42-2-604. Violations - penalty. Any person who violates any of the provisions of this part 6 is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be punished by a fine of not more than five hundred dollars, or by imprisonment in the county jail for not more than thirty days, or by both fine and imprisonment. Source: L. 2017: Entire part added with relocations, (SB 17-224), ch. 179, p. 658, § 1, effective August 9. Editor's note: This section is similar to former § 12-15-120 as it existed prior to 2017. TAXATION ARTICLE 3 Registration, Taxation, and License Plates Editor's note: This title was amended with relocations in 1994, and this article was subsequently amended with relocations in 2005, resulting in the addition, relocation, and elimination of sections as well as subject matter. For amendments to this article prior to 2005, consult the Colorado statutory research explanatory note beginning on page vii in the front of this volume and the editor's note following the title heading. Former C.R.S. section numbers are Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 166 of 764 Uncertified Printout shown in editor's notes following those sections that were relocated. For a detailed comparison of this article, see the comparative tables located in the back of the index. Cross references: For disposition of fines and penalties under this article, see § 42-1217. PART 1 REGISTRATION AND TAXATION 42-3-101. Legislative declaration. (1) The general assembly declares that its purpose in enacting this article is to implement by law the purpose and intent of section 6 of article X of the state constitution, wherein it is provided that "The general assembly shall enact laws classifying motor vehicles and also wheeled trailers, semitrailers, trailer coaches, and mobile and selfpropelled construction equipment, prescribing methods of determining the taxable value of such property, and requiring payment of a graduated annual specific ownership tax thereon, which tax shall be in lieu of all ad valorem taxes upon such property; ...". (2) The general assembly further declares that it intends to classify in this article the personal property so specified, to prescribe methods by which the taxable value of such classified property shall be determined, to require payment of a graduated annual specific ownership tax upon each item of such classified personal property, and to provide for the administration and collection of such tax, and for the apportionment and distribution of the revenue derived therefrom. Source: L. 2005: Entire article amended with relocations, p. 1071, § 2, effective August 8. 42-3-102. Periodic registration - rules. (1) The department may establish by rule a periodic vehicle registration program whereby certain vehicles shall be registered at: (a) Subject to the provisions of subsection (3) of this section, twelve-month intervals, in which case the registration of such vehicles shall expire on the last day of the month of each twelve-month registration period; (b) Five-year intervals upon payment of a five-year registration fee and any five-year specific ownership tax that may be due. An owner of any of the following motor vehicles may elect a five-year registration pursuant to this paragraph (b), which registration shall expire on the last day of the last month of each five-year registration period: (I) A utility trailer; or (II) Special mobile machinery. (2) (a) Except for motor vehicles of model year 1981 or older and except for motorcycles of any model year, the department may register motor vehicles at two-year intervals upon payment of a two-year registration fee and a two-year specific ownership tax. The owner of a motor vehicle that is eligible as determined by the department for two-year registration may elect a two-year registration pursuant to this subsection (2), which registration shall expire on the last day of the last month of each two-year registration period. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 167 of 764 Uncertified Printout (b) This subsection (2) shall not apply to class A property that is registered through the international registration plan. Such vehicles shall continue to be registered every twelve months. (3) (a) The department may register vehicles at intervals of less than one year upon payment of the appropriate registration fee and specific ownership tax in order to allow the owner of more than one vehicle to provide for the owner's vehicle registrations to expire simultaneously. The owner of a vehicle that is eligible as determined by the authorized agent may elect a registration pursuant to this subsection (3). The department may adopt such rules as deemed necessary for the administration of this subsection (3). (b) This subsection (3) shall not apply to class A property that is registered through the international registration plan. Such vehicles shall continue to be registered every twelve months. (4) (a) (I) In lieu of registering under subsections (1) to (3) of this section, an applicant may register a commercial trailer or semitrailer under this paragraph (a) if: (A) The trailer or semitrailer qualifies as Class A personal property; (B) The owner is based outside Colorado in accordance with the international registration plan; and (C) The owner complies with this section and sections 42-3-107 (28) and 42-3-313. (II) A trailer or semitrailer registration issued under this subsection (4) does not expire except when the vehicle changes ownership in accordance with this article. The registration expires upon the sale or transfer of the trailer or semitrailer. (III) The department shall issue a license plate to a trailer or semitrailer registered under this paragraph (a), but a validating sticker or tab is not issued nor required for the license plate. (b) (I) In lieu of registering under subsections (1) to (3) of this section, an applicant may register a commercial trailer or semitrailer under this paragraph (b) if: (A) The trailer or semitrailer qualifies as Class A personal property; (B) The owner is based in Colorado in accordance with the international registration plan; (C) The trailer or semitrailer is in at least its tenth year of service; and (D) The owner complies with this section and sections 42-3-107 (28) and 42-3-313. (II) A trailer or semitrailer registration issued under this paragraph (b) does not expire except when the vehicle changes ownership in accordance with this article. The registration expires upon the sale or transfer of the trailer or semitrailer. (III) The department shall issue a license plate to a trailer or semitrailer registered under this paragraph (b), but a validating sticker or tab is not issued nor required for the license plate. (c) Upon the sale or transfer of ownership of a trailer or semitrailer registered under this section, the owner shall notify the department of the sale or transfer. Upon registering a trailer or semitrailer under this section, the department shall notify the owner of this provision. The department shall also notify the public of the requirements of this section on its web page. (d) Notwithstanding any other provision of this article or article 6 of this title, a person may register a trailer or semitrailer under this subsection (4) with a valid certificate of title from another jurisdiction of the United States without filing for a certificate of title in Colorado. (e) The department shall issue a report to the transportation legislation review committee created in section 43-2-145, C.R.S., by July 1, 2014, detailing the number of trailers and Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 168 of 764 Uncertified Printout semitrailers registered under paragraphs (a) and (b) of this subsection (4) and making recommendations as to the cost-effectiveness of the permanent registration. Source: L. 2005: Entire article amended with relocations, p. 1072, § 2, effective August 8. L. 2007: (1)(a) amended and (3) added, p. 500, § 2, effective August 3. L. 2010: (1)(b)(II) amended, (HB 10-1172), ch. 320, p. 1487, § 2, effective October 1. L. 2012: (4) added, (HB 121038), ch. 276, p. 1455, § 2, effective June 8. Cross references: (1) For the legislative declaration contained in the 2007 act amending subsection (1)(a) and enacting subsection (3), see section 1 of chapter 136, Session Laws of Colorado 2007. (2) For the legislative declaration in the 2012 act adding subsection (4), see section 1 of chapter 276, Session Laws of Colorado 2012. 42-3-103. Registration required - exemptions. (1) (a) Within sixty days after purchase, every owner of a motor vehicle, trailer, semitrailer, or vehicle that is primarily designed to be operated or drawn upon any highway of this state or any owner of a trailer coach or of special mobile machinery whether or not it is operated on the highways, shall register such vehicle with the department. A person who violates this subsection (1) commits a class B traffic infraction. (b) This subsection (1) does not apply to the following: (I) A bicycle, electrical assisted bicycle, electric scooter, or other human-powered vehicle; (II) Vehicles specifically exempted by section 42-3-104; and (III) Any vehicle whose owner is permitted to operate it under provisions of this article concerning lienholders, manufacturers, dealers, nonresidents, and fleet owners. (c) A person who violates this subsection (1) two or more times in five years commits a class 1 misdemeanor and shall be punished as provided in section 18-1.3-501, C.R.S. (2) An owner of a foreign vehicle operated within this state for the transportation of persons or property for compensation or for the transportation of merchandise shall register such vehicle and pay the same fees and tax required by this article with reference to like vehicles. This provision shall not be construed to require registration or reregistration in this state of any motor vehicle, truck, bus, trailer, semitrailer, or trailer coach that is used in interstate commerce, but registration or reregistration shall be required in accordance with or to the extent that reciprocity exists between the state of Colorado and a foreign country or another state, territory, or possession of the United States. (3) Every nonresident person who operates a business within this state and owns and operates in such business any motor vehicle, trailer, semitrailer, or trailer coach within this state shall be required to register each such vehicle and pay the same fees and tax therefor as are required with reference to like vehicles owned by residents of this state. This provision shall not be construed to require registration or reregistration in this state of any motor vehicle, trailer, or trailer coach that is used in interstate commerce, but registration or reregistration shall be required in accordance with or to the extent that reciprocity exists between the state of Colorado and a foreign country or another state, territory, or possession of the United States. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 169 of 764 Uncertified Printout (4) (a) Within ninety days after becoming a resident of Colorado, an owner of a motor vehicle required to be registered by subsection (1) of this section shall register such vehicle with the department, irrespective of such vehicle being registered within another state or country. A person who violates this paragraph (a) is subject to the penalties provided in sections 42-6-139 and 43-4-804 (1)(d), C.R.S. (b) Within forty-five days after the owner has returned to the United States, the provisions of this title relative to the registration of motor vehicles and the display of number plates shall not apply to motor vehicles registered with and displaying plates issued by the armed forces of the United States in foreign countries for vehicles owned by military personnel. (c) (I) Notwithstanding paragraph (a) of this subsection (4) and section 42-1-102 (62) and (81), a nonresident shall be exempt from registering a motor vehicle owned by such person if the motor vehicle is a private passenger vehicle weighing less than sixty-five hundred pounds and the person is: (A) A nonresident, gainfully employed within the boundaries of this state, who uses a motor vehicle in commuting daily from such person's home in another state to and from such person's place of employment within this state; or (B) A nonresident student who is enrolled in a full-time course of study at an institution of higher education located within this state, if the motor vehicle owned by such person displays a valid nonresident student identification tag issued by the institution where the student is enrolled. (II) Any person who is exempt from the provisions of this title concerning the registration of a motor vehicle pursuant to this paragraph (c) shall comply with the applicable provisions of the motor vehicle registration laws of such person's state of residence. (III) This paragraph (c) shall apply only if the state in which the owner resides extends the same privileges to Colorado residents gainfully employed or enrolled in an institution of higher education within the boundaries of that state. (5) The provisions of this title concerning the registration of motor vehicles and the display of number plates or of other identification shall not apply to manufactured homes. Source: L. 2005: Entire article amended with relocations, p. 1073, § 2, effective August 8. L. 2007: (1)(c) added, p. 1597, § 1, effective July 1. L. 2009: (4)(a) amended, (SB 09-108), ch. 5, p. 50, § 6, effective March 2; (1)(b)(I) amended, (HB 09-1026), ch. 281, p. 1266, § 26, effective October 1. L. 2010: (1)(a) amended, (HB 10-1172), ch. 320, p. 1487, § 3, effective October 1. L. 2017: IP(1)(b) and (1)(b)(I) amended, (HB 17-1151), ch. 98, p. 296, § 2, effective August 9. L. 2019: (1)(b)(I) amended, (HB 19-1221), ch. 271, p. 2558, § 2, effective May 23. Editor's note: (1) Section 137 of Senate Bill 09-292 changed the effective date of subsection (1)(b)(I) from July 1, 2010, to October 1, 2009. (2) Section 19 of chapter 271 (HB 19-1221), Session Laws of Colorado 2019, provides that the act changing this section applies to conduct occurring on or after May 23, 2019. Cross references: For the penalty for a class B traffic infraction, see § 42-4-1701 (3)(a)(I). Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 170 of 764 Uncertified Printout 42-3-104. Exemptions - specific ownership tax - registration - domicile and residency - rules - definitions. (1) Only those items of classified personal property that are owned by the United States government or an agency or instrumentality thereof, by the state of Colorado or a political subdivision thereof, or by a service member either individually or jointly with a dependent shall be exempt from payment of the annual specific ownership tax imposed in this article. (2) An item of classified personal property that is leased by the state of Colorado or a political subdivision thereof may be exempted by the department from payment of the annual specific ownership tax imposed in this article if the agreement under which such item is leased is first submitted to the department and approved by it. Such item shall remain exempt only if used and operated in strict conformance with the terms of such approved agreement. (3) Registration shall not be required for the following: (a) Vehicles owned by the United States government or by an agency thereof; (b) Fire-fighting vehicles; (c) Police ambulances and patrol wagons; (d) Farm tractors and implements of husbandry designed primarily for use and used in agricultural operations; (e) Special mobile machinery used solely on property owned or leased by the owner of such machinery and equipment and not operated on the public highways of the state, if the owner lists all of the machinery or equipment for assessment and taxation under part 1 of article 5 of title 39, C.R.S.; (f) Special mobile machinery not operated on the highways of this state owned by a public utility and taxed under article 4 of title 39, C.R.S. (4) At the request of the appropriate authority, motor vehicles owned and operated by the state of Colorado or any agency or institution thereof or by a town, city, county, or city and county may be assigned, in lieu of the distinct registration number specified in this article, a special registration number indicating that such vehicle is owned and operated by the state of Colorado or any agency or institution thereof or by a town, city, county, or city and county, but only one such special registration number shall be assigned to each vehicle. An application for the special registration provided in this section that is made by the state of Colorado or any agency or institution thereof shall be made to the department only. An application for the special registration provided in this section that is made by any town, city, county, or city and county shall be made only to the authorized agent in the county wherein the applicant local government entity is located, and any such special registration shall be obtained directly from such authorized agent. Special registrations obtained under this subsection (4) shall be renewed annually pursuant to the requirements prescribed by the department. (5) One Class B or Class C motor vehicle weighing less than sixteen thousand pounds empty weight owned by a person who is a veteran and has established rights to benefits under the provisions of Public Law 663, 79th Congress, as amended, and Public Law 187, 82nd Congress, as amended, or is a veteran of the armed forces of the United States who incurred a disability and is receiving compensation from the veterans administration or any branch of the armed forces of the United States for a fifty percent or more, service-connected, permanent disability, or for loss of use of one or both feet or one or both hands, or for permanent impairment or loss of vision in both eyes that constitutes virtual blindness shall be exempt from Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 171 of 764 Uncertified Printout the imposition of the annual specific ownership tax imposed by this article. Only one such Class B or Class C motor vehicle per veteran shall be exempted. (6) One Class B or Class C motor vehicle weighing less than sixteen thousand pounds empty weight owned by a natural person who, while serving in the armed forces of the United States, was incarcerated by an enemy of the United States during armed conflict with the United States or who survived the attack on Pearl Harbor shall be exempt from the imposition of the annual specific ownership tax imposed by this article. Only one such Class B or Class C motor vehicle per former prisoner of war shall be exempted. A person who survived the attack on Pearl Harbor shall be exempt from the imposition of specific ownership tax under this subsection (6) only if the person qualifies for a survivor's of the attack on Pearl Harbor license plate issued pursuant to section 42-3-213 (6). (7) Those items of classified personal property that are owned or leased by an individual or organization that is exempt from payment of Colorado ad valorem taxes shall be exempt from imposition of the annual specific ownership tax imposed by this article. (8) Either one Class B or one Class C motor vehicle weighing less than sixteen thousand pounds empty weight owned by a natural person who received a purple heart or medal of valor and who is authorized to use the purple heart or military valor special license plate pursuant to section 42-3-213 shall be exempt from the imposition of the annual specific ownership tax imposed by this article. Only one such Class B or Class C motor vehicle per purple heart or medal of valor recipient shall be exempted. (9) (a) Notwithstanding that a service member has registered to vote in Colorado or paid or not paid taxes in the service member's state of residence, personal property owned by the service member, either individually or jointly with a dependent, while the service member is a resident of another state but domiciled in Colorado in compliance with military orders, shall be exempt from the imposition of the annual specific ownership tax imposed by this article. (b) The personal property of a service member who is a resident of another state but domiciled in Colorado in compliance with military orders shall be not be deemed to be located in, be present in, or have a situs in the local jurisdiction of Colorado. (c) A service member shall neither lose nor acquire residency or domicile in Colorado for the purpose of taxation, with regard to personal property of the service member in any tax jurisdiction of Colorado, if the domicile is in compliance with military orders. (d) The residency of a service member shall not be established solely for the purpose of taxation. A service member shall be deemed to be a resident of Colorado when the service member is not domiciled in Colorado if the domicile is in compliance with military orders and the service member is a resident as defined by section 42-1-102 (81). (e) For the purpose of voting in a federal, state, or local election, a service member who is in Colorado in compliance with military orders shall not: (I) Be deemed to have lost residence or domicile in another state regardless of whether the person intends to return to the other state; (II) Be deemed to have acquired residence or domicile in another state; or (III) Be deemed to become a resident of another state. (f) The executive director of the department may issue forms and promulgate rules necessary to implement this subsection (9). (10) For the purposes of this section: Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 172 of 764 Uncertified Printout (a) "Dependent" means a service member's spouse, child, or an individual for whom the service member has provided more than one-half of the individual's support for at least one hundred eighty days immediately preceding an application for specific ownership tax exemption. (b) "Service member" means a member of the United States armed forces. (11) A Class A commercial vehicle that was registered in Colorado under the international registration plan, subsequently registered in another state, and then reregistered in Colorado is not subject to the specific ownership tax or registration fees during the period of time that the motor vehicle was registered in another state; except that the owner of a motor vehicle with an apportioned registration may be liable for the portion of the miles traveled in Colorado. Source: L. 2005: Entire article amended with relocations, p. 1075, § 2, effective August 8. L. 2006: (8) amended, p. 1509, § 64, effective June 1; (6) and (8) amended, p. 920, § 2, effective January 1, 2007. L. 2007: (1) amended and (9) and (10) added, p. 1322, § 6, effective August 3. L. 2010: (11) added, (HB 10-1285), ch. 423, p. 2188, § 2, effective July 1; (3)(e) and (3)(f) amended, (HB 10-1172), ch. 320, p. 1488, § 4, effective October 1. Editor's note: Amendments to subsection (8) by Senate Bill 06-172 and House Bill 061391 were harmonized. Cross references: For Public Law 663, 79th Congress, and Public Law 187, 82nd Congress, see 60 Stat. 915 and 65 Stat. 574, respectively, and 38 U.S.C. secs. 3901 to 3905. 42-3-105. Application for registration - tax. (1) (a) Application for the registration of a vehicle required to be registered under this article shall be made by the owner or the owner's agent and, if applicable, simultaneously with the application for certificate of title, as required by this section. The application for registration, which shall be in writing and signed by the owner of the vehicle or the owner's duly authorized agent, shall include: (I) The name of the applicant; (II) The name and correct address of the owner determined pursuant to section 42-6-139, designating the county, school district, and city or town within the limits of which the owner resides; (III) A description of the motor vehicle in a form required by the department; (IV) The purpose for which the vehicle is used; (V) Whether the vehicle is a commercial vehicle; (VI) The notice described in subsection (2) of this section; (VII) Whether the applicant requests that the department should, if it approves the application, mail to the owner the license plate required under this article; and (VIII) Any other pertinent information as required by the department, including but not limited to a class B, class C, class D, or class F vehicle owner's or registrant's personal identification number as provided on a state-issued driver's license or assigned by the department. (b) An application for new registration of a vehicle shall include the primary body color of the motor vehicle. A motor vehicle registration application submitted in person to an Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 173 of 764 Uncertified Printout authorized agent or department office for a previously registered motor vehicle shall include the primary body color of the motor vehicle. (c) (I) Except as provided in subsection (1)(c)(I.5) of this section, the department may require those vehicle-related entities specified by rule to verify information concerning any vehicle through the physical inspection of the vehicle. The information required to be verified by a physical inspection must include: (A) The vehicle identification number or numbers; (B) The make of vehicle; (C) The vehicle model; (D) The type of vehicle; (E) The year of manufacture of such vehicle; (F) The primary body color of such vehicle; (G) The type of fuel used by such vehicle; and (H) Repealed. (I) Such other information as required by the department. (I.5) The department shall not require a physical inspection as a condition for registration of a vehicle if: (A) The applicant for a new registration for the vehicle presents either a copy of a manufacturer's certificate of origin or a purchase receipt from the dealer or the out-of-state seller from whom the applicant purchased the vehicle and either document indicates that the applicant purchased the vehicle as new; or (B) At the time of application, the vehicle is currently registered in another county of the state. (II) For the purposes of this subsection (1)(c), "vehicle-related entity" means an authorized agent, designated employee of an authorized agent, any Colorado law enforcement officer, any licensed Colorado dealer, any licensed inspection and readjustment station, or any licensed diesel inspection station. (d) (I) The department or its authorized agents shall not register a motor vehicle or lowpower scooter unless the applicant has a complying motor vehicle insurance policy pursuant to part 6 of article 4 of title 10, C.R.S., or a certificate of self-insurance in full force and effect as required by sections 10-4-619 and 10-4-624, C.R.S. The requirements of this paragraph (d) apply only to motor vehicles classified as Class C personal property under section 42-3-106 (2)(c), to light trucks that do not exceed sixteen thousand pounds empty weight, to sports utility vehicles that are classified as Class B personal property under section 42-3-106 (2)(b), or to low-power scooters. The applicant shall provide the department or its authorized agents with the proof of insurance certificate or insurance identification card provided to the applicant by the applicant's insurer pursuant to section 10-4-604.5, C.R.S., or provide proof of insurance in such other media as is authorized by the department. Nothing in this paragraph (d) shall be interpreted to preclude the department from electronically transmitting insurance information to designated agents pursuant to section 42-7-604 for the purpose of ensuring compliance with mandatory insurance requirements. (II) Any person who knowingly provides fraudulent information or documents under subparagraph (I) of this paragraph (d) to obtain registration of a motor vehicle or low-power scooter is guilty of a misdemeanor and is subject to the criminal and civil penalties provided under section 42-6-139 (3) and (4). Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 174 of 764 Uncertified Printout (e) The department shall establish a set of standard color descriptions for use in identifying the primary body color of a motor vehicle. An application that specifies the primary body color shall use the standard color descriptions of the department to identify the primary body color of the motor vehicle. (f) The owner of a motor vehicle that is required to be registered under this article need not comply with subparagraph (I) of paragraph (d) of this subsection (1) if such owner signs and submits to the department in compliance with this paragraph (f) a written statement of nonuse. Such written statement of nonuse shall include: (I) The name, date of birth, driver's license number, and address of the motor vehicle's owner; (II) The make, year, and vehicle identification number of the motor vehicle; (III) The time period during which such vehicle will not be operated and a statement that the owner is neither operating such vehicle nor permitting any other person to operate such vehicle during the time period stated; and (IV) Proof that the owner currently has insurance coverage under subparagraph (I) of paragraph (d) of this subsection (1). (2) Upon applying for registration, the owner of a motor vehicle or low-power scooter shall receive a written notice printed on the application for registration in type that is larger than the other information contained on the application for registration. The department shall advise the applicant in the notice that motor vehicle insurance or operator's coverage is compulsory in Colorado, that noncompliance is a misdemeanor traffic offense, that the minimum penalty is a five-hundred-dollar fine, that the maximum penalty is one year's imprisonment and a onethousand-dollar fine, and that the owner is required as a condition of registering the vehicle to either: (a) Sign a statement of nonuse under paragraph (f) of subsection (1) of this section; or (b) Provide proof of insurance under paragraph (d) of subsection (1) of this section. (3) The owner of such vehicle or the owner's agent shall, upon filing the application for registration, pay such fees as are prescribed by sections 42-3-304 to 42-3-306, together with the annual specific ownership tax on the motor vehicle, trailer, semitrailer, or trailer coach for which the license is to be issued. (4) (a) A motor vehicle dealer or used motor vehicle dealer licensed under article 6 of this title may act as an authorized agent of the department for the purposes of compliance with this section and collection of fees required for the registration of low-power scooters required by this article. When the owner of the low-power scooter complies with this section, the dealer shall forward to the department an affidavit swearing that the owner has insurance, the statement required by subsection (2) of this section, and the fees required by part 3 of this article for the registration of a low-power scooter. (b) Notwithstanding any provision of law to the contrary, in a civil action for damages or indemnification resulting from the operation of a motor vehicle, a motor vehicle dealer, used motor vehicle dealer, or employee thereof shall not be liable for an act or omission arising as a result of the dealer or employee performing the functions of an agent pursuant to this subsection (4). (c) Upon finding a pattern of failure to comply with the requirements of paragraph (a) of this subsection (4), the department may withdraw a motor vehicle dealer's or used motor vehicle dealer's authorization to act as an agent of the department. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 175 of 764 Uncertified Printout Source: L. 2005: Entire article amended with relocations, p. 1076, § 2, effective August 8; (1)(a) amended, p. 693, § 1, effective January 1, 2007. L. 2006: (1)(a)(II) and (1)(d)(I) amended, pp. 1509, 1510, §§ 65, 66, 67, effective June 1; (1)(d)(I) amended, p. 1015, § 11, effective July 1. L. 2007: (1)(a)(VIII) amended, p. 496, § 2, effective August 3. L. 2008: (2) amended, p. 1917, § 142, effective August 5. L. 2009: (1)(d) and (2) amended and (4) added, (HB 09-1026), ch. 281, p. 1266, § 27, effective July 1, 2010. L. 2014: (2) amended, (SB 14131), ch. 388, p. 1941, § 1, effective July 1. L. 2017: IP(1)(c)(I) amended and (1)(c)(I.5) added, (HB 17-1105), ch. 44, p. 129, § 1, effective March 16; (1)(c)(II) amended, (HB 17-1107), ch. 101, p. 367, § 11, effective August 9. L. 2018: (1)(c)(I)(G) amended and (1)(c)(I)(H) repealed, (SB 18-102), ch. 77, p. 661, § 2, effective August 8. Editor's note: (1) Amendments to subsection (1)(a) by House Bill 05-1107 and House Bill 05-1019 were harmonized, effective January 1, 2007. (2) Amendments to subsection (1)(d)(I) by House Bill 06-1178 and House Bill 06-1391 were harmonized. (3) Section 137 of Senate Bill 09-292 changed the effective date of subsections (1)(d), (2), and (4) from October 1, 2009, to July 1, 2010. Cross references: For the legislative declaration in SB 18-102, see section 1 of chapter 77, Session Laws of Colorado 2018. 42-3-106. Tax imposed - classification - taxable value. (1) The owner of each item of classified personal property shall pay an annual specific ownership tax unless exempted by this article. Such specific ownership tax shall be annually computed in accordance with section 42-3107 in lieu of all annual ad valorem taxes. (2) For the purpose of imposing graduated annual specific ownership taxes, the personal property specified in section 6 of article X of the state constitution is classified as follows: (a) Every motor vehicle, truck, laden or unladen truck tractor, trailer, and semitrailer used in the business of transporting persons or property over any public highway in this state as an interstate commercial carrier for which an application is made for apportioned registration, regardless of base jurisdiction, shall be Class A personal property. (b) Every truck, laden or unladen truck tractor, trailer, and semitrailer used for the purpose of transporting property over any public highway in this state and not included in Class A shall be Class B personal property; except that multipurpose trailers shall be Class D personal property. (c) Every motor vehicle not included in Class A or Class B shall be Class C personal property. (d) Every utility trailer, camper trailer, multipurpose trailer, and trailer coach shall be Class D personal property. (e) Every item of special mobile machinery, except power takeoff equipment, that is required to be registered under this article is Class F personal property. If a farm tractor, meeting the definition of special mobile machinery, is used for any purpose other than agricultural production for more than a seventy-two-hour period at the site where it is used for nonagricultural purposes, it is Class F personal property, but it is granted a prorated registration under section 42-3-107 to cover the use. The authorized agent shall notify the owner of the farm Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 176 of 764 Uncertified Printout tractor of the prorated registration. Storing a farm tractor at a site does not give rise to a presumption that the tractor was used for the same purposes that other equipment is used for at the site. (3) (a) An owner of a vehicle shall not permanently attach to the vehicle mounted equipment unless: (I) The owner applies for registration of the mounted equipment to the authorized agent in the county where the equipment is required to be registered within twenty days after the equipment is mounted to the vehicle; or (II) The mounted equipment is power takeoff equipment. (b) The application shall be on forms prescribed by the department and shall describe the equipment to be mounted, including serial number, make, model, year of manufacture, weight, and cost. (4) The taxable value of every item of classified personal property shall be the value determined for the year of its manufacture or the year it is designated by the manufacturer as a current model, and such determined taxable value shall not change. Regardless of the date of acquisition by an owner, the year of manufacture or the year for which designated by the manufacturer as a current model shall be considered as the first year of service. The maximum rate of specific ownership taxation shall apply to the taxable value in the first year of service, and annual downward graduations from such maximum rate shall apply to such taxable value for the number of later years of service specified for each class of personal property. (5) Manufactured homes shall not be classified for purposes of imposing specific ownership taxes but shall be subject to the imposition of ad valorem taxes in the manner provided in part 2 of article 5 of title 39, C.R.S. (6) (a) If a vehicle and the equipment mounted on the vehicle are the same model year: (I) The owner of the vehicle and the mounted equipment may register both as Class F personal property; or (II) The owner of the vehicle may register the vehicle as Class A, Class B, Class C, or Class D personal property and the mounted equipment may be registered as Class F personal property. (b) If a vehicle and the equipment mounted on the vehicle are different model years: (I) The owner of the vehicle shall register the vehicle as Class A, Class B, Class C, or Class D personal property; and (II) The owner of the vehicle shall register the mounted equipment as Class F personal property. Source: L. 2005: Entire article amended with relocations, p. 1079, § 2, effective August 8. L. 2008: (2)(b) and (2)(d) amended, p. 638, § 2, effective August 5. L. 2010: (2)(e) and (3) amended, (SB 10-144), ch. 289, p. 1345, § 2, effective July 1; (2)(e) amended and (6) added, (HB 10-1172), ch. 320, p. 1488, § 5, effective October 1. L. 2011: (2)(e) amended, (HB 111093), ch. 258, p. 1132, § 1, effective June 2. Editor's note: Amendments to subsection (2)(e) by House Bill 10-1172 and Senate Bill 10-144 were harmonized. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 177 of 764 Uncertified Printout 42-3-107. Taxable value of classes of property - rate of tax - when and where payable - department duties - apportionment of tax collections - definitions - rules - repeal. (1) (a) (I) Except as provided in subparagraph (I.5) of this paragraph (a), the taxable value of every item of Class A or Class B personal property greater than sixteen thousand pounds declared empty vehicle weight shall be the actual purchase price of such property. Such price shall not include any applicable federal excise tax, including the excise tax on the first retail sale of a heavy truck, trailer, or tractor for which the seller is liable, transportation or shipping costs, or preparation and delivery costs. The taxable value of every item of Class A or Class B personal property less than or equal to sixteen thousand pounds declared empty vehicle weight shall be seventy-five percent of the manufacturer's suggested retail price. (I.5) (A) The taxable value of every item of Class A or Class B personal property greater than sixteen thousand pounds declared empty vehicle weight that meets the definition of category 4, category 4 A, category 4 B, category 4 C, category 7, category 7 A, and category 9 trucks as defined in section 39-22-516.8, C.R.S., is seventy-five percent of the actual purchase price of such property. (B) This subparagraph (I.5) is repealed, effective December 31, 2026. (II) For the purposes of this section, the actual purchase price used to set taxable value shall be the price of the vehicle when the vehicle is initially purchased at the retail level by a person who intends to put the vehicle into initial use. The taxable value shall not change for the life of the vehicle. (III) For the purposes of this section, "actual purchase price" means the gross selling price, including all property traded to the seller in exchange for credit toward the purchase of a vehicle. (b) Every licensed motor vehicle dealer in Colorado shall furnish on the application for title the manufacturer's suggested retail price and the actual purchase price on each new motor vehicle sold and delivered in Colorado. (c) If a motor vehicle purchased outside Colorado is registered for the first time in Colorado and neither the manufacturer's suggested retail price nor the actual purchase price is available, the agent of the department shall establish the taxable value of such vehicle through the use of a compilation of values furnished by the department. (2) The annual specific ownership tax payable on every item of Class A personal property shall be computed in accordance with the following schedule: Year of service Rate of tax First year Second year Third year Fourth year Fifth, sixth, seventh, eighth, and ninth years 2.10% of taxable value 1.50% of taxable value 1.20% of taxable value .90% of taxable value .45% of taxable value or $10, whichever is greater Tenth and each later year $3 (3) The owner of any Class A personal property shall file a list with the department describing each item owned, reciting the year of manufacture or model designation, and stating Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 178 of 764 Uncertified Printout the original sale price of any mounted equipment mounted on or attached to such item after its manufacture or first retail sale. As soon thereafter as practicable, the department shall compute the annual specific ownership tax payable on each item shown on such list and shall send to the owner a statement showing the aggregate amount of specific ownership tax payable by such owner. (4) In computing the amount of annual specific ownership tax payable on an item of Class A or Class B personal property, the department may take into account the length of time such item may be operated in intrastate or interstate commerce within Colorado, giving due consideration to any reciprocal agreements concerning general property taxation of such item as may exist between Colorado and other states, and also to the number of miles traveled by such item in each state. (5) The annual specific ownership tax on Class A personal property shall become due and payable to the department on the last day of the month at the end of each twelve-month registration period and shall be renewed, upon application by the owner and payment of required fees, no later than one month after the date of expiration. (6) The aggregate amount of specific ownership taxes to be collected by the department on Class A personal property during a registration period shall be apportioned to each county of the state in the proportion that the mileage of the state highway system located within the boundaries of each county bears to the total mileage of the state highway system. (7) The department shall transmit all specific ownership taxes collected on items of Class A and Class F personal property to the state treasurer and shall advise the treasurer on the last day of each month of the amounts apportioned to each county from the preceding month's collections. The state treasurer shall pay such amounts to the respective treasurers of each county. (8) (a) Except as provided in paragraph (b) of this subsection (8), the annual specific ownership tax payable on every item of Class B personal property is: Year of service Rate of tax First year Second year Third year Fourth year Fifth, sixth, seventh, eighth, and ninth years 2.10% of taxable value 1.50% of taxable value 1.20% of taxable value .90% of taxable value .45% of taxable value or $10, whichever is greater Tenth and each later year $3 (b) (I) In lieu of paying the specific ownership tax required in paragraph (a) of this subsection (8), an owner who qualifies may pay ownership tax under this paragraph (b). The specific ownership tax payable on Class B personal property under sixteen thousand pounds empty weight is one dollar for each full year while the owner is a member of the United States armed forces and has orders to serve outside the United States. If the owner serves less than a full year outside the United States, the tax is the amount established by paragraph (a) of this subsection (8), prorated according to the number of months the owner was in the United States. (II) In order to qualify for the tax rate imposed by this paragraph (b), the owner must: Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 179 of 764 Uncertified Printout (A) Show the department military orders to serve outside the United States or any evidence acceptable to the department that the owner served outside the United States; and (B) File a signed affidavit that the motor vehicle will not be operated on a highway when the tax rate applies. (III) If a person has already paid taxes at the rate required in paragraph (a) of this subsection (8) but is eligible to pay taxes under this paragraph (b), the department shall credit the person the difference between the rate in paragraph (a) of this subsection (8) and the prorated rate imposed in this paragraph (b) towards the person's specific ownership taxes for succeeding years. (IV) This paragraph (b) only applies to a motor vehicle that is less than ten model-years old and less than sixteen thousand pounds empty weight. (9) (a) The taxable value of every item of Class C or Class D personal property shall be eighty-five percent of the manufacturer's suggested retail price, not including applicable federal excise tax, transportation or shipping costs, or preparation and delivery costs. (b) Every licensed motor vehicle dealer in Colorado shall furnish on the application for title the manufacturer's suggested retail price of each new motor vehicle sold and delivered in Colorado. (c) If a motor vehicle purchased outside of Colorado is registered for the first time in Colorado and the manufacturer's suggested retail price is not available, the agent of the department shall establish the taxable value of such vehicle through the use of a compilation of values furnished by the department. (d) The computation of taxable values as set forth in this subsection (9) shall apply to each motor vehicle sold on or after September 1, 1981, and shall not apply to a motor vehicle sold or registered prior to that date. (10) (a) Except as provided in paragraph (b) of this subsection (10), the annual specific ownership tax payable on every item of Class C personal property is: Year of service Rate of tax First year 2.10% of taxable value Second year 1.50% of taxable value Third year 1.20% of taxable value Fourth year .90% of taxable value Fifth, sixth, seventh, eighth, and ninth years .45% of taxable value Tenth and each later year $3 (b) (I) In lieu of paying the specific ownership tax required in paragraph (a) of this subsection (10), an owner who qualifies may pay ownership tax under this paragraph (b). The specific ownership tax payable on Class C personal property is one dollar for each full year while the owner is a member of the United States armed forces and has orders to serve outside the United States. If the owner serves less than a full year outside the United States, the tax is the amount established by paragraph (a) of this subsection (10), prorated according to the number of months the owner was in the United States. (II) In order to qualify for the tax rate imposed by this paragraph (b), the owner must: Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 180 of 764 Uncertified Printout (A) Show the department military orders to serve outside the United States or any evidence acceptable to the department that the owner served outside the United States; and (B) File a signed affidavit that the motor vehicle will not be operated on a highway when the tax rate applies. (III) If a person has already paid taxes at the rate required in paragraph (a) of this subsection (10) but is eligible to pay taxes under this paragraph (b), the department shall credit the person the difference between the rate in paragraph (a) of this subsection (10) and the prorated rate imposed in this paragraph (b) towards the person's specific ownership taxes for succeeding years. (IV) This paragraph (b) only applies to a motor vehicle that is less than ten model-years old. (11) (a) In lieu of payment of the annual specific ownership tax in the manner specified in subsections (2), (8), and (10) of this section, a person who owns vehicles that are based in Colorado for rental purposes and whose primary business is the rental of such vehicles for periods of less than forty-five days, including renewals, to another person may elect to pay specific ownership tax as authorized in this subsection (11). (b) To obtain authorization to pay specific ownership tax pursuant to this subsection (11), an owner shall apply to the authorized agent in the county in which the principal place of business of the owner of such rental vehicles in Colorado is located. Such authorization shall apply to all rental vehicles of the owner that satisfy the requirements set forth in this section. (c) Upon receiving authorization as provided in paragraph (b) of this subsection (11), the owner shall collect from the user of a rental vehicle the specific ownership tax in an amount equivalent to two percent of the amount of the rental payment, or portion thereof, that is subject to the imposition of sales tax pursuant to part 1 of article 26 of title 39, C.R.S. Such specific ownership tax shall be collected on vehicles that are based in Colorado for rental purposes and rented from a place of business in Colorado. No later than the twentieth day of each month, the owner shall submit a report, using forms furnished by the department, to the authorized agent in the county where the vehicles are rented and the remittance for all specific ownership taxes collected for the preceding month. A copy of the report shall be submitted simultaneously by the owner to the department. The department may also require, by rule, the owner to submit a copy of the owner's monthly sales tax collection form to the authorized agent when the owner's monthly report is submitted. (d) Failure to submit the report or to remit the specific ownership tax collected for the preceding month by the last day of each month shall be grounds for the termination of the right of an owner to pay specific ownership tax under this subsection (11). If an owner fails to remit specific ownership tax received pursuant to this subsection (11), the authorized agent may collect such delinquent taxes in the manner authorized in subsection (21) of this section. (e) A person who owns vehicles and whose primary business is the rental of such vehicles as specified in paragraph (a) of this subsection (11) shall be exempt from payment of the specific ownership tax at the time of registration if such tax is collected and remitted pursuant to this subsection (11). Such owner shall pay a fee of one dollar per rental vehicle registered at the time of registration. Such fee shall be in addition to other registration fees and shall be distributed pursuant to subsection (22) of this section. (f) Every person who owns vehicles and whose primary business is the rental of such vehicles as specified in paragraph (a) of this subsection (11) shall register and pay all applicable Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 181 of 764 Uncertified Printout taxes and fees for all vehicles rented from a place of business located in Colorado. If the owner of such vehicles fails to register or to pay such taxes and fees, the owner shall, upon conviction, be punished by a fine equal to two percent of the annual gross dollar volume of the primary business of such person that is attributable to the rental of vehicles from a place of business in Colorado. (12) (a) In lieu of payment of the annual specific ownership tax in the manner specified in subsections (2), (8), and (10) of this section, any person who owns vehicles that are based in a state other than Colorado for rental purposes and whose primary business is the rental of such vehicles for periods of less than forty-five days, including renewals, to another person shall pay specific ownership tax as prescribed in this subsection (12). (b) The owner shall collect from the user of a rental vehicle the specific ownership tax in an amount equivalent to two percent of the amount of the rental payment, or portion thereof, that is subject to the imposition of sales tax pursuant to part 1 of article 26 of title 39, C.R.S. Such specific ownership tax shall be collected on all vehicles based in a state other than Colorado for rental purposes that are rented from a place of business in Colorado. By the twentieth day of each month, the owner shall submit a report, using forms furnished by the department, to the authorized agent in the county where the vehicles are rented, together with the remittance for all specific ownership taxes collected for the preceding month. A copy of the report shall be submitted simultaneously by the owner to the department. The department may also require, by rule, the owner to submit a copy of the owner's monthly sales tax collection form to the authorized agent when the owner's monthly report is submitted. (c) If any owner fails to remit specific ownership tax received pursuant to this subsection (12), the authorized agent may proceed to collect such delinquent taxes in the manner authorized in subsection (21) of this section. (d) Every person who owns vehicles and whose primary business is the rental of such vehicles as specified in paragraph (a) of this subsection (12) shall pay all applicable taxes for all vehicles based in a state other than Colorado and rented from a place of business located in Colorado. If the owner of such vehicles fails to pay such taxes, the owner shall, upon conviction, be punished by a fine in an amount equal to two percent of the annual gross dollar volume of the primary business of such person that is attributable to the rental of vehicles from a place of business in Colorado. (13) The annual specific ownership tax payable on every item of Class D personal property shall be computed in accordance with the following schedule: Year of service Rate of tax First year Second year Third year Fourth year Fifth, sixth, seventh, eighth, and ninth years Tenth and each later year 2.10% of taxable value 1.50% of taxable value 1.20% of taxable value .90% of taxable value Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 .45% of taxable value .45% of taxable value or $ 3, whichever is greater Page 182 of 764 Uncertified Printout (14) The department shall designate suitable compilations of the manufacturer's suggested retail price or actual purchase price of all items of Class A, Class B, Class C, and Class D personal property and shall provide each authorized agent with copies. Unless the actual purchase price is used as the taxable value, such compilation shall be uniformly used to compute the annual specific ownership tax payable on any item of such classified personal property purchased outside Colorado and registered for the first time in Colorado. Such actual purchase price shall not be used unless the department receives or has received a manufacturer's statement or certificate of origin for such vehicle. The department shall provide continuing supplements of such compilation to each authorized agent in order that the agent may have available current information relative to the manufacturer's suggested retail price of newly manufactured items. (15) (a) The property tax administrator shall compile and have printed a comprehensive schedule of all vehicles defined and designated as Class F personal property, wherein all such vehicles shall be listed according to make, model, year of manufacture, capacity, weight, and any other terms that serve to describe such vehicles. (b) Except as provided in paragraph (c) of this subsection (15) for property acquired prior to January 1, 1997, the taxable value of Class F personal property shall be determined by the property tax administrator and shall be either: (I) The factory list price and, in case any equipment has been mounted on or attached to such vehicle subsequent to its manufacture, the factory list price plus seventy-five percent of the original price of such mounted equipment, exclusive of any state and local sales taxes; or (II) When the factory list price of such vehicle is not available, then seventy-five percent of its original retail delivered price, exclusive of any state and local taxes, and, in case any equipment has been mounted on or attached to such vehicle subsequent to its first retail sale, then seventy-five percent of such original retail delivered price plus seventy-five percent of the original retail delivered price of such mounted equipment, exclusive of any state and local sales taxes; or (III) When neither the factory list price of such vehicle nor the original retail delivered price of the vehicle or any equipment subsequently mounted thereon is ascertainable, then such value as the property tax administrator shall establish based on the best information available to the property tax administrator. (c) The taxable value of Class F personal property acquired on or after January 1, 1997, shall be determined by the property tax administrator and shall be either: (I) Eighty-five percent of the manufacturer's suggested retail price and, in case any equipment has been mounted on or attached to such vehicle subsequent to its manufacture, eighty-five percent of the manufacturer's suggested retail price plus eighty-five percent of the manufacturer's suggested retail price of such mounted equipment, exclusive of any state and local sales taxes; or (II) When the manufacturer's suggested retail price of such vehicle is not available, then one hundred percent of its original retail delivered price to the customer, exclusive of any state and local taxes, and, in case any equipment has been mounted on or attached to such vehicle subsequent to its first retail sale, then one hundred percent of such original retail delivered price to the customer plus one hundred percent of the original retail delivered price to the customer of such mounted equipment, exclusive of any state and local taxes; or (III) When neither the manufacturer's suggested retail price of such vehicle nor the original retail delivered price of either the vehicle or any equipment subsequently mounted Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 183 of 764 Uncertified Printout thereon is ascertainable, then such value as the property tax administrator shall establish based on eighty-five percent of the value set forth in a nationally recognized standard or reference for such figures or, if such a standard or reference for the figures is not available, then on the best information available to the property tax administrator. (d) By whichever of the above three methods determined, the taxable value of each item of Class F personal property shall be listed opposite its description in the schedule required by this subsection (15) to be compiled by the property tax administrator. (e) The annual specific ownership tax payable on each item of Class F personal property shall be computed in accordance with the following schedule: Year of service Rate of tax First year Second year Third year Fourth year Fifth year Sixth and each later year 2.10% of taxable value 1.50% of taxable value 1.25% of taxable value 1.00% of taxable value .75% of taxable value .50% of taxable value, but not less than $ 5 (f) The authorized agent shall include the value of all equipment that has been mounted on or attached to Class F personal property in the calculation of the annual specific ownership tax. The registrations for such personal property and equipment shall be made available to the county assessor. (16) (a) In lieu of payment of the annual specific ownership tax in the manner provided in subsection (15) of this section, the owner of special mobile machinery who is an equipment dealer regularly engaged in the sale or rental of special mobile machinery and who rents or leases such equipment to another person in which the owner has not held an interest for at least thirty days may elect to pay specific ownership tax as prescribed in this subsection (16). (b) Authorization for payment of specific ownership tax under this subsection (16) shall be obtained from the authorized agent in the county in which the owner's principal place of business is located. The owner shall also apply for an identifying decal for each item of equipment to be rented or leased that shall be affixed to the item when it is rented or leased. The owner shall keep records of each identifying decal issued and a description of the item of equipment to which it is affixed. The fee for each identifying decal shall be five dollars, paid upon application to the authorized agent. An identifying decal shall expire when the registration of the special mobile machinery to which it is affixed expires pursuant to section 42-3-114. An identifying decal shall not be issued to special mobile machinery unless the machinery is registered, but a decal may be issued concurrently with the registration and shall expire pursuant to section 42-3-114. The owner shall be required to remove an identifying decal upon the sale or change of ownership of such item of equipment. The fee of five dollars for each identifying decal as required by this section shall be distributed as follows: (I) Two dollars shall be retained by the authorized agent issuing such decal; and (II) Three dollars shall be available upon appropriation by the general assembly to fund the administration and enforcement of this section. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 184 of 764 Uncertified Printout (c) (I) Upon receiving authorization under paragraph (b) of this subsection (16), the owner shall collect from the user the specific ownership tax in the amount equivalent to two percent of the amount of the rental or lease payment. (II) No later than the twentieth day of each month, the owner shall submit a report, using forms furnished by the department, to the authorized agent in each county where the equipment is used, together with the remittance of the taxes collected for the use in the county for the preceding month. The owner shall simultaneously submit a copy of each report to the department. This subparagraph (II) does not apply when modified by subparagraph (III) of paragraph (d) of this subsection (16). (d) (I) Except as modified by subparagraph (III) of this paragraph (d), the owner shall make the report monthly to the department and to the authorized agent in the county where the equipment is located with a user, even if no specific ownership taxes were collected by the owner in the previous month. (II) Failure to make such report in a period of sixty days is grounds for the termination of the owner's right to pay the specific ownership taxes on the owner's Class F personal property in the manner provided under this subsection (16). If the owner fails to remit specific ownership taxes received from a renter or lessee during such sixty-day period, the authorized agent may proceed to collect the delinquent taxes in the manner authorized in subsection (21) of this section. (III) The department shall allow the owner to file the report electronically with the department of revenue either by electronic transmission or by electronically readable media as determined by rule. If the filing is made under this subparagraph (III), the owner need not file with the authorized agent. The department shall make the information in the report available to the authorized agents in the counties where the equipment is rented or used. This subparagraph (III) does not relieve the owner of the requirement to remit payment of the tax to the county in accordance with subparagraph (II) of paragraph (c) of this subsection (16). (e) The owner of an item of special mobile machinery that is required to be registered for highway use under section 42-3-304 (14) shall be exempt from payment of the specific ownership tax at the time of registration if such tax is collected and remitted under this subsection (16). (f) (I) If the owner of special mobile machinery who is paying specific ownership tax under this subsection (16) regularly has more than ten pieces of special mobile machinery in the state, the department may issue to the owner a registration period certificate. The owner must present the registration period certificate to the appropriate authorized agent no later than the tenth day after the month when registration of any motor vehicle is required by this article. When so presented, the twelve-month period stated in the registration period certificate governs the date when registration is required for each fleet vehicle owned or leased by the owner. (II) Notwithstanding any provision of this title, the department may promulgate rules to establish requirements for an owner to register a special mobile machinery fleet that is identified by special license plates or an identifying decal. The department shall not require the plates to have an annual validating tab or sticker. Registration fees payable on the machinery under a multi-year agreement are not discounted below the otherwise applicable annual registration fees. (III) Special mobile machinery registered under this paragraph (f) or after the issuance of a registration period certificate or the execution of a multi-year agreement are subject to section 42-3-109. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 185 of 764 Uncertified Printout (IV) (A) The owner shall pay the annual registration fees required by sections 42-3-304 to 42-3-306 for special mobile machinery, reduced by twenty-five percent for each elapsed quarter, before applying for the balance of the registration period. (B) The fees and taxes for special mobile machinery registered under this paragraph (f) prior to the effective date of the registration period certificate or multi-year agreement must be apportioned in the manner required by subparagraph (III) of this paragraph (f). (C) An authorized agent may issue individual registration number plates, an identifying decal, or certificates upon application by an owner of special mobile machinery or the owner's agent and the payment of a registration fee of seven dollars. Of the seven-dollar fee, three dollars and sixty cents is to be retained by the authorized agent or department issuing the plates, identifying decal, or certificates; forty cents is to be remitted monthly to the department, which shall then transmit it to the state treasurer for credit to the highway users tax fund; and three dollars is available upon appropriation by the general assembly to fund the administration and enforcement of this paragraph (f). The owner or the owner's agent may then affix the plate, identifying decal, or certificate to special mobile machinery purchased or brought into the state pending registration. (V) An owner issued a registration period certificate under subparagraph (I) of this paragraph (f) may register and pay registration fees and other license fees due for the special mobile machinery no later than the twentieth day of each quarter for all new special mobile machinery delivered into the state during the preceding quarter. The owner shall submit a report identifying new equipment, using forms furnished by the department, to the authorized agent in the county where the machinery was first delivered into the state, together with the remittance for all fees due for the preceding quarter. The owner shall simultaneously submit a copy of each report to the department. The machinery is deemed registered pending the timely filing of the report so long as the machinery displays the numbered plate, identifying decal, or certificate required by the department. (17) (a) For purposes of this subsection (17), unless the context otherwise requires: (I) "Owner" means an owner, as defined in section 42-1-102 (66), that owns an item of special mobile machinery. The term includes any person authorized to act on the owner's behalf. (II) "Prorated specific ownership tax" means the prorated special mobile machinery specific ownership tax assessed pursuant to this subsection (17). (III) "Special mobile machinery" means every item of Class F personal property described in section 42-3-106 (2)(e) that is required to be registered under section 42-3-103. (b) In lieu of payment of the annual specific ownership tax in the manner provided in subsection (15) of this section, an owner may apply for and pay prorated specific ownership tax in accordance with this subsection (17). (c) To be eligible for prorated specific ownership tax, an owner shall have entered into a written contract to perform a service requiring use of the special mobile machinery for which specific ownership tax under this section is required. (d) (I) An owner who desires prorated specific ownership tax shall submit an application to the department. The application shall include the terms of the owner's service, which shall be evidenced by a copy of the written contract specified in paragraph (c) of this subsection (17) and signed by the owner. The validity of the contract shall be evidenced either by sufficient documentation to substantiate its validity or by the fact that such owner is an established Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 186 of 764 Uncertified Printout business in Colorado, as shown by registration with the Colorado secretary of state or department of revenue as required by law. (II) An owner of special mobile machinery that is not registered in Colorado shall submit the application upon the arrival in Colorado of the special mobile machinery for which specific ownership tax under this section is required. (III) An owner of special mobile machinery that is registered in Colorado shall submit the application when the owner renews the registration of the special mobile machinery for which specific ownership tax under this section is required. (IV) When satisfied as to the genuineness and regularity of the application submitted, the department shall assess, and the owner shall pay, the prorated specific ownership tax in an amount equal to the annual specific ownership tax that would otherwise be imposed pursuant to subsection (15) of this section, prorated by the number of months during which the owner is expected to use the special mobile machinery in Colorado. (V) (A) Prorated specific ownership taxes shall be assessed for a period of not less than two months nor more than eleven months in a twelve-month period. (B) After a prorated specific ownership tax has been assessed and paid, an owner may have the prorated specific ownership tax assessment period adjusted for between two and eleven months upon the owner's request to the department that the owner requires additional time to complete the contract referred to in paragraph (c) of this subsection (17) and upon payment of any additional prorated specific ownership tax pursuant to this subsection (17). (e) (I) A person who, in an application made under this subsection (17), uses a false or fictitious name or address, knowingly makes a false statement, knowingly conceals a material fact, or otherwise perpetrates a fraud commits a class 2 misdemeanor traffic offense. Such person continues to be liable for any unpaid specific ownership taxes. (II) A person shall not operate special mobile machinery in Colorado unless the owner has paid the specific ownership tax assessed pursuant to this article, and a person shall not operate special mobile machinery in Colorado after the expiration of the period for which the specific ownership tax was paid. A person who violates this subparagraph (II) is subject to, in addition to any other penalty, an administrative penalty of the lesser of five hundred dollars or double the amount of the specific ownership tax. The penalty may be levied by an authorized agent or a peace officer under the authority granted by section 42-8-104 (2). The violation is to be determined by, paid to, and retained by the municipality or county where the motor vehicle is or should have been registered, subject to judicial review pursuant to rule 106 (a)(4) of the Colorado rules of civil procedure. (18) (a) The annual specific ownership tax provided in subsection (15) of this section for Class F personal property registered in Colorado shall be determined and collected by the authorized agent in the county in which the owner of such Class F personal property resides. (b) (I) The owner of any Class F personal property shall, within sixty days after the purchase of new or used Class F personal property, apply for registration with the authorized agent. (II) No person shall operate Class F personal property unless the property is registered with the authorized agent or exempt from registration pursuant to section 42-3-104 (3). (c) The property tax administrator shall furnish each authorized agent with a printed copy of the schedule of taxable values of Class F personal property compiled as provided in subsection (15) of this section, and such schedule shall be uniformly used by every authorized Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 187 of 764 Uncertified Printout agent in computing the amount of annual specific ownership tax payable on any Class F personal property. The property tax administrator shall also furnish continuing supplements of such schedule to each authorized agent in order that the agent may have available current information relative to the taxable value of newly manufactured Class F personal property. (19) The annual specific ownership tax on each item of Class B, Class C, Class D, and Class F personal property shall become due and payable to the authorized agent in the county where such item is to be registered, shall be paid at the time of registration of such item, and if not paid within one month after the date a registration expires, shall become delinquent. (20) Except as provided in subsection (27) of this section, it is the duty of each authorized agent to collect the registration fee on every item of classified personal property located in the agent's county when registered and to collect the specific ownership taxes payable on each such item registered, except those items classified as Class A upon which the specific ownership tax is collected by the department and except those items classified as Class F when such tax is collected under subsection (16) of this section, at the time of registration. The failure of any authorized agent to collect the registration fee and specific ownership tax on any item of classified personal property shall not release the owner thereof from liability for the registration of such vehicle. (21) Each authorized agent shall advise the owner of any item of Class F personal property upon which the annual specific ownership tax is due, by notice mailed to such owner indicating the amount of tax due. If payment is not made, the authorized agent shall report such fact to the county treasurer, who shall thereupon proceed to collect the amount of delinquent tax by distraint, seizure, and sale of the item upon which the tax is payable, in the same manner as is provided in section 39-10-113, C.R.S., for the collection of ad valorem taxes on personal property. (22) Each authorized agent shall retain, out of the amount of annual specific ownership tax collected on each item of classified personal property, the sum of fifty cents, which sum shall constitute remuneration for the collection of such tax. The sums so retained shall be transmitted to the county treasurer and credited in the manner provided by law. In addition, each authorized agent shall retain, out of the amount of annual specific ownership tax collected on each item of classified personal property, the sum of fifty cents, which sum shall be transmitted to the state treasurer, who shall credit the same to the special purpose account established under section 421-211. (23) Each authorized agent shall transmit to the county treasurer, at least once each week, all specific ownership taxes collected on items of classified personal property, reporting the aggregate amount collected for each class. (24) (a) Each January, the treasurer of each county shall calculate the percentages that the dollar amount of ad valorem taxes levied in the treasurer's county during the preceding calendar year for county purposes and for the purposes of each political and governmental subdivision located within the boundaries of the treasurer's county were of the aggregate dollar amount of ad valorem taxes levied in such county during the preceding calendar year for said purposes. The percentages so calculated shall be used for the apportionment between the county itself and each political and governmental subdivision located within its boundaries of the aggregate amount of specific ownership tax revenue to be paid over to the treasurer during the current calendar year. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 188 of 764 Uncertified Printout (b) On the tenth day of each month, the aggregate amount of specific ownership taxes on Class A, B, C, D, and F personal property received or collected by the county treasurer during the preceding calendar month shall be apportioned between the county and each political and governmental subdivision located within the boundaries of the county according to the percentages calculated in the manner prescribed in paragraph (a) of this subsection (24), and the respective amounts so determined shall be credited or paid over to the county and each such subdivision. (c) The fee for the collection of specific ownership taxes having been charged when collected by the authorized agent, the treasurer shall make no further charge against the amount of specific ownership taxes credited or paid over to any political or governmental subdivision located in the treasurer's county. (d) An insolvent taxing district, as defined in section 32-1-1402 (2), C.R.S., that has increased its mill levy for the purpose of paying for maturing bonds of the district, interest on bonds of the district, or prior deficiencies of the district shall not be entitled to receive any larger proportion of the specific ownership taxes collected in the county in which such district is located as the result of such increase in the district's mill levy. For the purpose of apportioning specific ownership tax revenues in a county, dollar amounts from the levying of ad valorem taxes by an insolvent taxing district located in the county for the purpose of paying for maturing bonds of the district, interest on bonds of the district, or prior deficiencies of the district shall be excluded from the calculation of the percentages required by paragraph (a) of this subsection (24). (25) [Editor's note: This version of subsection (25) is effective until January 1, 2020.] A credit shall be allowed for taxes paid on any item of Class A, Class B, Class C, Class D, or Class F personal property if the owner disposes of the vehicle during the registration period or if the owner converts the vehicle from any class of personal property to Class F property. The credit may apply to payments of taxes on a subsequent application by the owner for registration of an item of Class A, Class B, Class C, Class D, or Class F personal property made during the registration period or may be assigned by the owner to the transferee of the property for which taxes were paid; except that, when the transferee is a dealer in new or used vehicles, the transferee shall account to the owner for any assignment of the credit. The credit shall be prorated based on the number of months remaining in the registration period after the transfer and disposal of the vehicle. The calculation for the credit shall be determined by using the period beginning with the first day of the month following the date of transfer through the last day of the month for the period for which the vehicle was registered. Specific ownership tax credit will be allowed only if the total ownership tax credit due exceeds ten dollars. (25) [Editor's note: This version of subsection (25) is effective January 1, 2020.] (a) (I) Except as provided in subsection (25)(b) of this section, the department shall allow a credit for taxes, surcharges, and registration fees paid on any item of Class A, Class B, Class C, Class D, or Class F personal property if the owner disposes of the vehicle during the registration period or if the owner converts the vehicle from any class of personal property to Class F property. The credit may apply to payments of taxes, surcharges, and registration fees on a subsequent application by the owner for registration of an item of Class A, Class B, Class C, Class D, or Class F personal property made during the registration period, or the credit may be assigned by the owner to the transferee of the property for which taxes, surcharges, or registration fees were Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 189 of 764 Uncertified Printout paid; except that, when the transferee is a dealer in new or used vehicles, the transferee shall account to the owner for any assignment of the credit. (II) The credit authorized by this subsection (25)(a) is prorated based on the number of months remaining in the registration period after the transfer, conversion to Class F personal property, or disposal of the vehicle. The proration calculation for the credit begins with the first day of the month after the transfer, conversion to Class F personal property, or disposal and ends the last day of the month for which the vehicle was registered. (III) The credit is allowed only if the total ownership tax, surcharge, and registration fee credit due exceeds ten dollars. (b) The credit authorized in subsection (25)(a) of this section does not apply to fees imposed in sections 42-3-301; 42-3-304 (5), (6), (7), (19), and (22); 42-3-312; and 42-3-313. (26) Notwithstanding the amount specified for the fees in paragraph (e) of subsection (11) and paragraph (b) of subsection (16) of this section, the executive director of the department by rule or as otherwise provided by law may reduce the amount of one or more of the fees if necessary pursuant to section 24-75-402 (3), C.R.S., to reduce the uncommitted reserves of the fund to which all or any portion of one or more of the fees is credited. After the uncommitted reserves of the fund are sufficiently reduced, the executive director of the department by rule or as otherwise provided by law may increase the amount of one or more of the fees as provided in section 24-75-402 (4), C.R.S. (27) (a) Notwithstanding any provision in this article to the contrary, a fleet owner may process the registration renewal for any fleet vehicle, with the exception of Class A personal property, in the county in which the fleet owner's principal office or principal fleet management facility is located instead of in the county in which the fleet vehicle is located at the time of registration. A fleet vehicle for which the registration renewal is processed pursuant to this subsection (27) shall continue to be registered in the county in which it is located at the time of registration. This subsection (27) shall not apply to a fleet vehicle that was not previously registered in Colorado at the time of registration. (b) If a fleet owner chooses to process the registration renewal of a fleet vehicle in the county in which the owner's principal office or principal fleet management facility is located instead of in the county in which the vehicle is located, the authorized agent in the county where the owner's principal office or principal fleet management facility is located shall collect the registration fee and specific ownership tax payable on each fleet vehicle for which the registration renewal is processed by the fleet owner in such county. (c) The authorized agent in a county in which a fleet vehicle registration renewal is processed pursuant to this section shall retain and not disburse the sum authorized pursuant to section 42-1-210 (1)(a) to defray the costs associated with vehicle registration. The authorized agent in the county in which a fleet vehicle registration renewal is processed pursuant to this section shall transmit to the department all fees and moneys collected by the agent pursuant to section 42-1-214. (d) The authorized agent in the county in which a fleet vehicle registration renewal is processed pursuant to this section shall transmit the registration fees collected pursuant to section 42-3-310 to the department. The department shall then transmit such fees to the authorized agent in the county in which the fleet vehicle is located at the time of registration, and the authorized agent shall transmit such fees to the county treasurer pursuant to section 42-3-310. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 190 of 764 Uncertified Printout (e) The annual specific ownership tax on each fleet vehicle for which the registration renewal is processed in the county in which the fleet owner's principal office or principal fleet management facility is located shall become due and payable to the authorized agent in such county pursuant to this article. The authorized agent in such county shall apportion the specific ownership taxes collected for all fleet vehicles for which the registration renewal is processed in such county pursuant to this subsection (27) to the counties in which the fleet vehicles are located at the time of registration in proportion to the number of fleet vehicles located in each county. (f) (I) This subsection (27) applies to registration renewal for fleet vehicles. (II) Repealed. (g) Nothing in this section shall be construed to affect the allocation of highway users tax fund moneys to counties or municipalities pursuant to sections 43-4-207 and 43-4-208, C.R.S. (28) The prepaid annual specific ownership tax for a registration issued under section 42-3-102 (4) is ninety-five dollars and fifty cents. Source: L. 2005: Entire article amended with relocations, p. 1080, § 2, effective August 8. L. 2006: (11)(a) and (12)(a) amended, p. 975, § 1, effective July 1. L. 2008: (1)(a)(I) amended, p. 810, § 2, effective September 1. L. 2010: (16)(a), IP(16)(b), (16)(e), (17)(b), (18)(b), and (25) amended, (HB 10-1172), ch. 320, p. 1489, § 6, effective October 1. L. 2011: (16)(c) and (17)(e)(II) amended, (HB 11-1093), ch. 258, p. 1132, § 2, effective June 2; (27)(f)(II) repealed, (HB 11-1303), ch. 264, p. 1181, § 106, effective August 10. L. 2012: (28) added, (HB 12-1038), ch. 276, p. 1456, § 3, effective June 8. L. 2012, 1st Ex. Sess.: (16)(f) added, (SB 12S001), ch. 3, p. 2433, § 1, effective August 15. L. 2013: (16)(c) and (16)(d) amended, (HB 131153), ch. 199, p. 810, § 1, effective August 7. L. 2014: (1)(a)(I) amended and (1)(a)(I.5) added, (HB 14-1326), ch. 357, p. 1679, § 6, effective June 6; (8) and (10) amended, (SB 14-075), ch. 264, p. 1058, § 1, effective August 6. L. 2017: (15)(f) and (27)(f)(I) amended, (HB 17-1107), ch. 101, p. 367, § 12, effective August 9. L. 2019: (25) amended, (HB 19-1138), ch. 231, p. 2318, § 1, effective January 1, 2020. Editor's note: Section 4 of chapter 231 (HB 19-1138), Session Laws of Colorado 2019, provides that the act changing this section applies to taxes, surcharges, or fees due on or after January 1, 2020. Cross references: For the legislative declaration in the 2012 act adding subsection (28), see section 1 of chapter 276, Session Laws of Colorado 2012. For the legislative declaration in HB 14-1326, see section 1 of chapter 357, Session Laws of Colorado 2014. 42-3-108. Determination of year model - tax lists. All vehicles of the current year model, as designated by the manufacturer, shall, for the payment of the specific ownership tax, be considered in the first year of service regardless of the date of purchase, and those charged with the collection of annual specific ownership taxes on vehicles subject to specific ownership taxation shall use the year that the model was manufactured or constructed as the basis of computation of the annual specific ownership tax. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 191 of 764 Uncertified Printout Source: L. 2005: Entire article amended with relocations, p. 1093, § 2, effective August 8. 42-3-109. Tax for registration period. Except as provided in sections 42-3-110, 42-3304 (10), and 42-4-305 (5), the owner shall pay upon a purchased vehicle subject to registration under this article the prescribed fee for a twelve-month registration. In no event shall the specific ownership tax collected on any classified personal property be less than one dollar and fifty cents. Source: L. 2005: Entire article amended with relocations, p. 1093, § 2, effective August 8. 42-3-110. Payment of motor vehicle registration fees and specific ownership taxes in installments. (1) An owner of a motor vehicle, other than a trailer or semitrailer, classified as Class A or Class B personal property under section 42-3-106 (2)(b) may apply to the department to pay the twelve-month registration fee and specific ownership tax for the owner's fleet of such vehicles in installments. The department shall approve an application from a fleet owner to make payments for a fleet in installments if all the following requirements are met: (a) The total of the twelve-month registration fee and the twelve-month specific ownership tax for the fleet equals one thousand dollars or more; (b) The applicant pays one-third of the total amount due for registration and specific ownership tax with the application; (c) The fleet owner does not owe past due motor vehicle registration fees or specific ownership taxes or outstanding penalties imposed for nonpayment of such fees or taxes; (d) The owner is not denied the privilege of paying in installments pursuant to paragraph (b) of subsection (3) of this section; and (e) The fleet owner has a performance bond issued by a surety company authorized to do business in Colorado, a bank letter of credit, or a certificate of deposit in an amount equal to no less than the remaining amount of the annual registration fee and specific ownership tax that will be paid in installments. The performance bond, letter of credit, or certificate of deposit shall be payable to the department if the owner fails to pay the required installments. (2) If an application to pay in installments is approved pursuant to subsection (1) of this section, the applicant shall pay the remainder of the registration fee and specific ownership tax in two equal installments as follows: (a) The first installment on or before the first day of the fifth month of the registration period; and (b) The second installment on or before the first day of the ninth month of the registration period. (3) (a) If a fleet owner fails to pay an installment under this section on or before the date the installment was due, the remaining amount of the unpaid registration fee and specific ownership tax for the fleet is due in full immediately. Such owner shall not operate the vehicles in such fleet on the highways of the state until the owner has paid such amount. (b) If a fleet owner fails to pay an installment for a motor vehicle under this section within thirty days after the installment was due, the department may deny such owner the Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 192 of 764 Uncertified Printout privilege of paying registration fees and specific ownership taxes in installments under this section. (4) The provisions of this section do not modify the amount of the registration fee or specific ownership tax owed by an owner for a motor vehicle during a registration period. (5) The department may promulgate rules to implement the installment payment process established by this section. Source: L. 2005: Entire article amended with relocations, p. 1093, § 2, effective August 8. Editor's note: This section is similar to former § 42-3-109.5 as it existed prior to 2005, and the former § 42-3-110 was relocated to § 42-3-111. 42-3-111. Tax year - disposition. (1) The annual specific ownership tax shall attach and apply to motor vehicles, trailers, semitrailers, or trailer coaches operated upon the highways of this state for the registration period within which it is levied and collected. (2) Payment of an annual specific ownership tax on a trailer coach to the authorized agent of a county of this state in which the situs of the trailer coach is established at the time of registration for all of a registration period shall constitute the entire tax payable on such vehicle. Source: L. 2005: Entire article amended with relocations, p. 1094, § 2, effective August 8. Editor's note: This section is similar to former § 42-3-110 as it existed prior to 2005, and the former § 42-3-111 was relocated to § 42-3-112. 42-3-112. Failure to pay tax - penalty - rules. (1) If a vehicle subject to taxation under this article is not registered when required by law, the vehicle owner shall pay a late fee of twenty-five dollars for each month or portion of a month following the expiration of the registration period, or, if applicable, the expiration of the grace period described in section 42-3114 for which the vehicle is unregistered; except that the amount of the late fee shall not exceed one hundred dollars. The late fee shall be due when the vehicle is registered. (1.5) (a) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (1) of this section, the executive director of the department shall promulgate rules in accordance with article 4 of title 24, C.R.S., that establish circumstances in addition to the circumstances described in subsection (3) of this section in which a vehicle owner shall be exempted from paying the late fee described in said subsection (1). The rules shall apply uniformly throughout the state and shall include, but shall not be limited to, exemptions for: (I) Acts of God and weather-related delays; (II) Office closures and furloughs; (III) Temporary registration number plates, tags, or certificates that have expired; (IV) Medical hardships; and (V) Information technology failures. (b) The executive director of the department shall also promulgate rules in accordance with article 4 of title 24, C.R.S., that allow the department or an authorized agent to reduce or Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 193 of 764 Uncertified Printout waive the late fee that would otherwise be due upon the registration of a trailer that is a commercial or farm vehicle, as part of the normal operation, if the owner can establish, in accordance with criteria specified in the rules, that the trailer was idled so that it was not operated on any public highway in this state for at least a full registration period. Nothing in this paragraph (b) shall be construed to exempt the owner of an idled trailer from paying any fees imposed pursuant to this article other than the late fee before again operating the trailer on a public highway in this state or from paying any taxes imposed pursuant to this article. The owner shall provide to the department or authorized agent a sworn affidavit that states that the trailer has not been operated on the public highways during the period for which it was not registered as required and describes the nature of the business conditions that resulted in the removal of the trailer from service. (c) The executive director of the department shall consult with the authorized agents in promulgating the rules required by subsection (1.5)(a) of this section. (1.7) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (1) of this section, on and after July 1, 2010, the amount of the late fee payable by the owner of a vehicle without motive power that weighs sixteen thousand pounds or less or a camper trailer or a multipurpose trailer regardless of its weight, that is subject to taxation under this article, and that is not registered when required by law shall be ten dollars. For purposes of this subsection (1.7), the weight of a trailer of any kind is the empty weight. (2) Ten dollars of the late registration fee shall be retained by the department or the authorized agent who registers the motor vehicle. Each authorized agent shall remit to the department no less frequently than once a month, but otherwise at the time and in the manner required by the executive director of the department, the remainder of the late registration fees collected by the authorized agent. The executive director shall forward all late registration fees remitted by authorized agents plus the remainder of the late registration fees collected directly by the department to the state treasurer, who shall credit the fees to the highway users tax fund in accordance with section 43-4-804 (1)(e), C.R.S. (3) The late fee described in subsection (1) of this section shall not be imposed on a vehicle subject to taxation under this article if: (a) The person who owns the vehicle uses the vehicle in operating a commercial business and, as part of the normal operation of the business, idles the vehicle so that it is not operated on any public highway in this state for at least one full registration period. Nothing in this paragraph (a) shall be construed to exempt the owner of an idled vehicle from paying any fees imposed pursuant to this article other than the late fee before again operating the vehicle on a public highway in this state or from paying any taxes imposed pursuant to this article. (b) The person who owns the vehicle is in the active military service of the United States and is serving outside the state when a registration period and grace period for renewal of registration for the vehicle end and the vehicle is not operated on any public highway of the state between the time the registration period and grace period end and the time the vehicle is reregistered. Nothing in this paragraph (b) shall be construed to exempt the owner of such a vehicle from paying any fees imposed pursuant to this article other than the late fee before again operating the vehicle on a public highway in this state or from paying any taxes imposed pursuant to this article. (c) The vehicle registration expired during the period the vehicle was reported stolen. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 194 of 764 Uncertified Printout Source: L. 2005: Entire section amended, p. 395, § 1, effective July 1; entire article amended with relocations, p. 1094, § 2, effective August 8. L. 2009: Entire section amended, (SB 09-108), ch. 5, p. 50, § 7, effective March 2; (3)(c) added, (HB 09-1230), ch. 232, p. 1068, § 5, effective August 5. L. 2010: (1.5) added, (HB 10-1212), ch. 126, p. 419, § 1, effective April 15; (1.7) added, (HB 10-1211), ch. 323, p. 1500, § 1, effective July 1; (1.7) amended, (SB 10198), ch. 377, p. 1771, § 1, effective July 1. L. 2017: (1.5)(c) amended, (HB 17-1107), ch. 101, p. 367, § 13, effective August 9. Editor's note: (1) This section is similar to former § 42-3-111 as it existed prior to 2005, and portions of the former § 42-3-112 were relocated to §§ 42-3-113, 42-3-209, and 42-3210. (2) This section was originally numbered as § 42-3-111, and the amendments to it in House Bill 05-1140 were harmonized with § 42-3-112 as it appears in House Bill 05-1107. 42-3-113. Records of application and registration - definitions. (1) The department shall file each application received and, when satisfied that the applicant is entitled to register the vehicle, shall register the vehicle and its owner as follows: (a) The owner and vehicle are assigned a distinct registration number, referred to in this article as the "registration number". Each registration number assigned to a vehicle and its owner is designated "urban" if the owner resides within the limits of a city or incorporated town. Each registration number assigned to a vehicle and its owner is designated "rural" if the owner resides outside the limits of a city or incorporated town. The authorized agent of each county shall certify to the department as soon as possible after the end of the calendar year, but not later than May 1 of the following year, the total number of vehicles classified as "urban" and the total number of vehicles classified as "rural". (b) The registration shall be filed alphabetically under the name of the owner. (c) The registration shall be filed numerically and alphabetically under the identification number and name of the vehicle. (2) Except as provided in subsection (2.5) of this section, the department, upon registering a vehicle, shall issue to the owner two registration cards, each of which contains upon its face the following: (a) The date issued; (b) The registration number assigned to the owner and vehicle; (c) The name and address of the owner; (d) A notice, in type that is larger than the other information contained on the registration card: (I) That motor vehicle insurance coverage is compulsory in Colorado; (II) That noncompliance is a misdemeanor traffic offense; (III) to (V) Repealed. (d.5) A notice containing the minimum and maximum penalties for failing to have motor vehicle insurance coverage under section 42-4-1409; (e) A notice that Colorado law provides for a one-month grace period after a registration is due for renewal; (f) A description of the registered vehicle, including the identification number; Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 195 of 764 Uncertified Printout (g) If it was a new vehicle sold in this state after January 1, 1932, the date of sale by the manufacturer or dealer to the person first operating such vehicle; and (h) Such other statements of fact as may be determined by the department, but not the owner's signature. (2.5) Notwithstanding subsection (2) of this section, the department shall print one registration card without the owner's address and issue the card to the owner; except that, if the motor vehicle is a commercial vehicle, the department shall print both registration cards issued to the owner with the owner's address. The department shall print the following statement on each registration card that is printed without an address: "Thieves have been known to use the address from a registration card to steal from the vehicle's owner. For added security, you are encouraged to keep only this registration card in your vehicle. It does not contain your address." (3) A notice for renewal of registration shall include a notice, in type that is larger than the other information contained in the notice, that specifies that motor vehicle insurance coverage is compulsory in Colorado, that noncompliance is a misdemeanor traffic offense, that the minimum penalty for such offense is a five-hundred-dollar fine, and that the maximum penalty for such offense is one year's imprisonment and a one-thousand-dollar fine. (4) The department shall notify all registered owners of the provisions and requirements of subsection (2) and (3) of this section. (5) The department shall not require the owner to sign the registration card. (6) The registration card issued for a vehicle required to be registered under this article shall, at all times while the vehicle is being operated upon a highway, be in the possession of the driver or carried in the vehicle and subject to inspection by any peace officer. (7) Within thirty days after moving from an address listed upon a vehicle registration, a person shall notify the county of residence in which the vehicle is to be registered. (8) (a) As used in this subsection (8): (I) "Eligible vehicle" means a motor vehicle that has a valid certificate of registration issued by the department of revenue to a person whose address of record is within the boundaries of the program area, as defined in section 42-4-304 (20). The term "eligible vehicle" does not include motor vehicles held for lease or rental to the general public, motor vehicles held for sale by motor vehicle dealers, including demonstration vehicles, motor vehicles used for motor vehicle manufacturer product evaluations or tests, law enforcement and other emergency vehicles, or nonroad vehicles, including farm and construction vehicles. (II) "Program area fleet" means a person who owns ten or more eligible vehicles. In determining the number of vehicles owned or operated by a person for purposes of this subsection (8), all motor vehicles owned, operated, leased, or otherwise controlled by such person shall be treated as owned by such person. (b) (I) Upon the registration of an eligible vehicle, the owner shall report on forms provided by the department: (A) The types of fuel used by such vehicle; and (B) Whether such vehicle is dual-fueled or dedicated to one fuel. (II) The forms provided by the department shall include spaces for the following fuels: Gasoline, diesel, propane, electricity, natural gas, methanol or M85, ethanol or E85, biodiesel, and other. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 196 of 764 Uncertified Printout (c) Upon registration of a vehicle that is a part of a program area fleet, the owner shall report on forms provided by the department that such vehicle is owned by a program area fleet and shall list the owner's tax identification number. (d) Within a reasonable period of time and upon the request of a political subdivision or the state of Colorado or any institution of the state or the state's political subdivisions, the department shall provide a report listing the owners of eligible vehicles that use fuels other than gasoline or diesel, listing the fuel type of each such eligible vehicle, and identifying whether or not such eligible vehicles are part of a program area fleet. (9) Except for vehicles owned by a trust created for the benefit of a person with a disability, for purposes of enforcing disabled parking privileges granted pursuant to section 42-41208, the department, when issuing a registration card under this section, shall clearly indicate on the card if an owner of a vehicle is a person with a disability as defined in section 42-3-204. If the vehicle is owned by more than one person and the registration reflects that joint ownership, the department shall clearly indicate on the registration card which of the owners are persons with disabilities and which of the owners are not. (10) (a) Whenever a person asks the department or any other state department or agency for the name or address of the owner of a motor vehicle registered under this section, the department or agency shall require the person to disclose if the purpose of the request is to determine the name or address of a person suspected of a violation of a state or municipal law detected through the use of an automated vehicle identification system as described in section 42-4-110.5. If the purpose of the request is to determine the name or address of such a suspect, the department or agency shall release such information only if the county or municipality for which the request is made complies with section 42-4-110.5. (b) No person who receives the name or address of the registered owner of a motor vehicle from the department or from a person who receives the information from the department shall release such information to a county or a municipality unless the county or municipality complies with state laws concerning the use of automated identification devices. (11) The department shall not place an expiration date on the registration card for a Class A commercial trailer or semitrailer registered in Colorado. Source: L. 2005: (2) amended, p. 395, § 2, effective July 1; entire article amended with relocations, p. 1095, § 2, effective August 8. L. 2010: (7) amended, (HB 10-1045), ch. 317, p. 1480, § 5, effective July 1, 2011. L. 2012: (11) added, (HB 12-1038), ch. 276, p. 1456, § 4, effective June 8. L. 2013: (2)(d)(III) and (2)(d)(IV) repealed, (2)(d.5) added, and (2)(e) and (3) amended, (SB 13-081), ch. 114, p. 389, § 1, effective April 8. L. 2014: IP(2), (2)(h), (5), (7), and (8)(a)(I) amended, (2)(d)(V) repealed, and (2.5) added, (SB 14-131), ch. 388, p. 1942, § 2, effective July 1. L. 2017: IP(1) and (1)(a) amended, (HB 17-1107), ch. 101, p. 368, § 14, effective August 9. Editor's note: (1) This section is similar to former § 42-3-112 as it existed prior to 2005, and portions of the former § 42-3-113 were relocated to §§ 42-3-201 and 42-3-301. (2) Subsection (2) was originally numbered as § 42-3-112 (2), and the amendments to it in House Bill 05-1140 were harmonized with § 42-3-113 (2) as it appears in House Bill 05-1107. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 197 of 764 Uncertified Printout Cross references: For the legislative declaration in the 2012 act adding subsection (11), see section 1 of chapter 276, Session Laws of Colorado 2012. 42-3-113.5. Electronic vehicle registration and titling - electronic transmission of vehicle lien information - authority - rules - cash fund - gifts, grants, and donations repeal. (Repealed) Source: L. 2013: Entire section added, (HB 13-1289), ch. 380, p. 2224, § 3, effective June 5; (1), (2)(a), and (2)(c) amended, (SB 13-280), ch. 407, p. 2396, § 41, effective June 5. L. 2014: (2)(b) repealed, (HB 14-1363), ch. 302, p. 1276, § 47, effective May 31. L. 2018: (3) added by revision, (HB 18-1299), ch. 297, pp. 1811, 1815, §§ 5, 15. Editor's note: (1) This section was relocated to § 42-1-234 in 2019. (2) Subsection (3) provided for the repeal of this section, effective July 1, 2019. (See L. 2018, pp. 1811, 1815.) Cross references: For the legislative declaration in the 2013 act adding this section, see section 1 of chapter 380, Session Laws of Colorado 2013. 42-3-114. Expiration. Every vehicle registration under this article shall expire on the last day of the month at the end of each twelve-month registration period and shall be renewed, upon application by the owner, the payment of the fees required by law, and in accordance with section 42-3-113 (3), not later than the last day of the month following the date of expiration. No license plates other than those of the registration period to which they pertain shall be displayed on a motor vehicle operated on the highways of Colorado. A person who violates any provision of this section commits a class B traffic infraction. Source: L. 2005: Entire article amended with relocations, p. 1098, § 2, effective August 8. Editor's note: This section is similar to former § 42-3-124 as it existed prior to 2005, and the former § 42-3-114 was relocated to § 42-3-211. Cross references: For the penalty for a class B traffic infraction, see § 42-4-1701 (3)(a)(I). 42-3-115. Registration upon transfer. (1) [Editor's note: This version of subsection (1) is effective until January 1, 2020.] Whenever the owner of a motor vehicle registered under this article transfers or assigns the owner's title or interest, the registration of such vehicle shall expire, and such owner shall remove the number plates. The owner, upon applying for registration in such owner's name during the same registration period of another motor vehicle, may receive credit upon the fees due for such new registration for such portion of the fees paid for the cancelled registration as the department may determine to be proper and proportionate to the unexpired part of the original term of registration. A transfer fee of one dollar shall be paid in all cases. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 198 of 764 Uncertified Printout (1) [Editor's note: This version of subsection (1) is effective January 1, 2020.] Repealed. (2) (a) Except as provided in paragraph (b) of this subsection (2), the transferee, before operating or permitting the operation of a motor vehicle upon a highway, shall register the vehicle. (b) A transferee may operate a motor vehicle on the highway before registering it if: (I) The vehicle is exempt from registration pursuant to section 42-3-103 or 42-3-104; or (II) The vehicle has been temporarily registered pursuant to section 42-3-203 (3); or (III) (A) The transferee has purchased the motor vehicle within the last thirty-six hours from a person who is not a motor vehicle dealer under part 1 of article 20 of title 44; (B) The vehicle was purchased either on a Saturday, on a Sunday, on a legal holiday, or between 5 p.m. and 8 a.m.; (C) The vehicle is being driven from the place where the transferor stored the vehicle to the place where the transferee intends to store the vehicle; (D) The owner possesses, in the vehicle, a bill of sale that shows the time and date of sale and that is signed by both the buyer and seller; and (E) The owner possesses, in the vehicle, proof of insurance as required by section 42-41409. (3) If a title to or interest in a motor vehicle is transferred by operation of law, as upon inheritance, devise, or bequest, order in bankruptcy of insolvency, execution, sale, repossession upon default in performing the terms of a lease or executory sales contract, chattel mortgage, secured transaction, or otherwise, the registration thereof shall expire, and the vehicle shall not be operated upon the highways unless the vehicle is registered; except that a person repossessing the vehicle pursuant to rights granted by a mortgage or applicable law may operate the vehicle upon the highways from the place of repossession to the vehicle's new place of storage, either upon displaying upon such vehicle the number plates issued to the former owner or without displaying number plates but under a written permit obtained from the department or the police authorities with jurisdiction over such highways and upon displaying upon such vehicle a placard bearing the name and address of the person authorizing and directing such movement, plainly readable from a distance of one hundred feet during daylight. (4) The owner of a motor vehicle who has made a bona fide sale or transfer of such owner's title or interest and who has delivered possession of such vehicle and the certificate of title, properly endorsed, to the purchaser or transferee shall not be liable for any damages thereafter resulting from negligent operation of such vehicle by another. Source: L. 2005: (2) amended, p. 800, § 1, effective July 1; entire article amended with relocations, p. 1098, § 2, effective August 8. L. 2006: (2)(b)(II) amended, p. 1510, § 68, effective June 1. L. 2017: (2)(b)(III)(A) amended, (SB 17-240), ch. 395, p. 2065, § 49, effective July 1. L. 2018: (2)(b)(III)(A) amended, (SB 18-030), ch. 7, p. 141, § 15, effective October 1. L. 2019: (1) repealed, (HB 19-1138), ch. 231, p. 2319, § 2, effective January 1, 2020. Editor's note: (1) This section is similar to former § 42-3-126 as it existed prior to 2005, and portions of the former § 42-3-115 were relocated to § 42-3-212. (2) Subsection (2) was originally numbered as § 42-3-126 (2), and the amendments to it in Senate Bill 05-014 were harmonized with § 42-3-115 (2) as it appears in House Bill 05-1107. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 199 of 764 Uncertified Printout (3) Section 4 of chapter 231 (HB 19-1138), Session Laws of Colorado 2019, provides that the act changing this section applies to taxes, surcharges, or fees due on or after January 1, 2020. 42-3-116. Manufacturers or dealers. (1) Upon application using the proper form and payment of the fees required by law, a manufacturer of, drive-away or tow-away transporter of, or dealer in, motor vehicles, trailers, special mobile machinery, or semitrailers operating such vehicle upon any highway, in lieu of registering each vehicle, may obtain from the department and attach to each such vehicle one number plate, as required in this article for different classes of vehicles. Such plate shall bear a distinctive number; the name of this state, which may be abbreviated; the year issued; and a distinguishing word or symbol indicating that such plate was issued to a manufacturer, drive-away or tow-away transporter, or dealer. Such plates may, during the registration period for which they were issued, be transferred from one such vehicle to another when owned and operated by or with the authority of such manufacturer or representative of such manufacturer or operated by such drive-away or tow-away transporter or dealer. (2) No manufacturer of or dealer in motor vehicles, trailers, or semitrailers shall cause or permit a vehicle owned by such person to be operated or moved upon a public highway without displaying upon such vehicle a number plate, except as otherwise authorized in this article. (3) A manufacturer of motor vehicles, trailers, or semitrailers may operate or move upon the highways any such vehicle from the factory where manufactured to a railway depot, vessel, or place of shipment or delivery, without registering the same and without an attached number plate, under a written permit first obtained from the police authorities with jurisdiction over such highways and upon displaying upon each such vehicle a placard bearing the name and address of the manufacturer authorizing or directing such movement, plainly readable from one hundred feet away during daylight. (4) (a) Any dealer in motor vehicles, trailers, or semitrailers may operate, move, or transport a vehicle owned by such dealer on the streets and highways of this state without registering such vehicle and without an attached numbered plate if there is displayed on such vehicle a depot tag issued by the department. Such tag may be purchased from the department for a fee of five dollars. Such tags shall only be used for moving authorized vehicles for purposes of testing, repairs, or transporting them from the point of delivery to the dealer's place of business and for similar legitimate business purposes; but nothing in this section shall be construed to allow the use of such tag for private purposes. (b) The executive director of the department shall promulgate rules for the use of depot tags and dealer plates, and a violation of such rules shall subject the violator to a suspension or revocation of the violator's depot tag and dealer plates after a hearing pursuant to article 4 of title 24, C.R.S. (5) A manufacturer or dealer, upon transferring a motor vehicle, trailer, or semitrailer, whether by sale, lease, or otherwise, to any person other than a manufacturer or dealer shall immediately give written notice of such transfer to the department upon the form provided by the department. Such notice shall contain the date of such transfer, the names and addresses of the transferor and transferee, and such description of the vehicle as may be required by the department. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 200 of 764 Uncertified Printout (6) (a) (I) An application for a full-use dealer plate may be submitted by a motor vehicle dealer or wholesaler who: (A) Has sold more than twenty-five motor vehicles in the twelve-month period preceding application; (B) Purchases an existing motor vehicle dealership or wholesale business that has sold more than twenty-five vehicles during the twelve-month period preceding application; or (C) Obtains a license to operate a new or used motor vehicle dealership or wholesale business with an inventory of fifty or more motor vehicles. (II) Full-use dealer plates may be used in lieu of, in the same manner as, and to the same extent as number plates issued pursuant to section 42-3-201. (b) (I) The department shall issue full-use dealer plates upon payment of the fee specified in subparagraph (II) of this paragraph (b) and upon application of a motor vehicle dealer or wholesaler accompanied by satisfactory evidence that the applicant is entitled to the plate in accordance with the criteria established in subparagraph (I) of paragraph (a) of this subsection (6). (II) The annual fee for full-use dealer plates shall be established and adjusted annually by the department based on the average of specific ownership taxes and registration fees paid for passenger vehicles and light duty trucks that are seven model years old or newer and that were registered during the one-year period preceding January 1 of each year. Such annual fee shall be prorated on a monthly basis. The annual fee for full-use dealer plates for motorcycles shall be established and adjusted annually by the department based on the average of specific ownership taxes and registration fees paid for motorcycles that are seven model years old or newer and that were registered during the one-year period preceding January 1 of each year. Such annual fee for motorcycles shall be prorated on a monthly basis. (III) Full-use dealer plates shall be valid for a period not to exceed one year. (IV) Each full-use dealer plate shall be returned to the department within ten days after the sale or closure of a motor vehicle dealership or wholesale business listed in an application submitted pursuant to subparagraph (I) of this paragraph (b). (c) Full-use dealer plates may be used only for vehicles owned and offered for sale by the dealer or wholesaler. Full-use dealer plates shall not be used on vehicles owned by dealerships or wholesalers that are commonly used by that dealer as tow trucks or vehicles commonly used by that dealer to pick up or deliver parts. At the dealer's or wholesaler's discretion, the full-use plate may be transferred from one motor vehicle to another motor vehicle. The dealer or wholesaler shall not be required to report any such transfer to the department. (d) A motor vehicle dealer or wholesaler may assign a full-use dealer plate only to the following persons: (I) Owners or co-owners of the licensed dealership or wholesale motor vehicle business; (II) An employee of the motor vehicle dealer or wholesaler; (III) To any person, including former, current, and prospective customers, in order to serve the legitimate business interest of the motor vehicle dealership or motor vehicle wholesale business; and (IV) A spouse or dependent child living in the same household as the licensed dealer or wholesaler. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 201 of 764 Uncertified Printout (e) As used in this subsection (6), "motor vehicle dealer or wholesaler" includes motor vehicle dealers, used motor vehicle dealers, and wholesalers as those terms are defined in section 44-20-102. (7) (a) A person who sells special mobile machinery in the ordinary course of business may submit an application for a demonstration plate. (b) (I) The department shall issue a demonstration plate upon payment of the fee specified in subparagraph (II) of this paragraph (b) and upon application of a motor vehicle dealer or wholesaler accompanied by satisfactory evidence that the applicant is entitled to the plate in accordance with this subsection (7). (II) The department shall establish and adjust the annual fee for a demonstration plate based on the average of specific ownership taxes and registration fees paid for items of special mobile machinery that are seven model years old or newer during the previous year. (III) A demonstration plate shall be valid for one year. (IV) The owner of a demonstration plate shall return the plate to the department within ten days after the sale or closure of the business that sells special mobile machinery in the ordinary course of business. (c) No person shall operate special mobile machinery with a demonstration plate unless the machinery is offered for sale and being demonstrated for the purposes of a sale. The owner may transfer the plate from one item of special mobile machinery to another and without reporting the transfer to the department. (d) A person who violates this subsection (7) commits a class 2 misdemeanor, and shall be punished as provided in section 18-1.3-501, C.R.S. Source: L. 2005: Entire article amended with relocations, p. 1099, § 2, effective August 8. L. 2007: (4)(a) amended, p. 30, § 5, effective August 3. L. 2010: (7) added, (HB 10-1172), ch. 320, p. 1490, § 7, effective October 1. L. 2011: (7)(d) amended, (HB 11-1303), ch. 264, p. 1181, § 107, effective August 10. L. 2017: (6)(e) amended, (SB 17-240), ch. 395, p. 2065, § 50, effective July 1. L. 2018: (6)(e) amended, (SB 18-030), ch. 7, p. 141, § 16, effective October 1. Editor's note: This section is similar to former § 42-3-127 as it existed prior to 2005. 42-3-117. Nonresidents. (1) A nonresident owner, except as otherwise provided in this section, owning a foreign motor vehicle may operate or permit such vehicle to operate within this state without registering such vehicle or paying fees so long as the vehicle is currently registered in the state, country, or other place of which the owner is a resident, and the motor vehicle displays the number plate or plates issued for such vehicle in the place of residence of such owner. (2) An owner or operator of a foreign vehicle operated within this state for the transportation of persons or property for compensation or for the transportation of merchandise shall register such vehicle and pay the same fees as required for similar vehicles owned by residents of this state; except that a motor vehicle, truck, semitractor, truck tractor, bus, trailer, or semitrailer registered in a foreign state or country that has a registration reciprocity agreement with Colorado shall be registered in accordance with such agreement. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 202 of 764 Uncertified Printout Source: L. 2005: Entire article amended with relocations, p. 1101, § 2, effective August 8. Editor's note: This section is similar to former § 42-3-128 as it existed prior to 2005, and portions of the former § 42-3-117 were relocated to § 42-3-218. 42-3-118. Registration suspended upon theft - recovery - rules. (1) Repealed. (2) (a) After receiving an application for a motor vehicle registration, the department or its authorized agent shall electronically verify with the department of public safety that the motor vehicle has not been reported stolen. The department or its authorized agent shall not register a motor vehicle reported stolen in the system until the vehicle is recovered by the owner. The department shall promulgate rules setting forth procedures to notify the local law enforcement agency upon discovery that a person is attempting to register a stolen motor vehicle. (b) This subsection (2) is effective July 1, 2009. Source: L. 2005: Entire article amended with relocations, p. 1102, § 2, effective August 8. L. 2008: Entire section amended, p. 1024, § 1, effective August 5. Editor's note: (1) This section is similar to former § 42-3-130 as it existed prior to 2005. (2) Subsection (1)(b) provided for the repeal of subsection (1), effective July 1, 2009. (See L. 2008, p. 1024.) 42-3-119. No application for registration granted - when. (1) The department shall not grant an application for the registration of a vehicle in any of the following events: (a) When the applicant for registration is not entitled thereto under this article; (b) When the applicant has neglected or refused to furnish the department with the information required on the appropriate official form or reasonable additional information required by the department; (c) When the registration fees required by law have not been paid; (d) When a certification of emissions control is required pursuant to part 4 of article 4 of this title, and such certification has not been obtained. Source: L. 2005: Entire article amended with relocations, p. 1102, § 2, effective August 8. Editor's note: This section is similar to former § 42-3-131 as it existed prior to 2005. 42-3-120. Department may cancel or deny registration. (1) The department shall cancel the registration of any vehicle that the department determines is unsafe or unfit to be operated or is not equipped as required by law. (2) The department shall cancel the registration of a vehicle whenever the person to whom registration number plates have been issued unlawfully uses or permits the unlawful use of the same. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 203 of 764 Uncertified Printout (3) (a) Upon receiving written notice from the Colorado state patrol that a motor carrier has failed to timely pay civil penalties imposed in accordance with section 42-4-235 (2), the department shall cancel the registration of any vehicle that is owned by the carrier and shall deny the registration of any vehicle that is owned by the carrier until the department receives notice from the Colorado state patrol that the penalty has been paid in full. (b) Repealed. (4) (a) Upon receiving written notice from the public utilities commission that a person has failed to timely pay civil penalties imposed in accordance with section 40-7-113, the department shall cancel the registration of any vehicle that is owned by the person for which the penalty was assessed and shall deny the registration of any such vehicle until the department receives written notice from the public utilities commission that the penalty has been paid in full. (b) On or after August 10, 2011, this subsection (4) applies to all vehicles regardless of when the vehicles were purchased. Source: L. 2005: Entire article amended with relocations, p. 1102, § 2, effective August 8. L. 2007: (3) added, p. 857, § 2, effective July 1. L. 2009: (4) added, (HB 09-1230), ch. 232, p. 1068, § 6, effective August 5. L. 2011: (3)(a) and (4) amended, (HB 11-1198), ch. 127, p. 424, § 22, effective August 10. Editor's note: (1) This section is similar to former § 42-3-132 as it existed prior to 2005. (2) Subsection (3)(b)(II) provided for the repeal of subsection (3)(b), effective July 1, 2009. (See L. 2007, p. 857.) 42-3-121. Violation of registration provisions - penalty. (1) It is unlawful to commit any of the following acts: (a) To operate or permit the operation, upon a highway, of a motor vehicle subject to registration under this article or to possess or control a trailer coach or trailer that is not registered and does not display the number plates issued for such vehicle or trailer coach for the current year, except for trailer coaches or trailers owned by a licensed dealer or licensed manufacturer while being held for sale or resale or while operated on the streets or highways with dealer plates or depot tags authorized pursuant to section 42-3-116; (b) To display or permit to be displayed, to have in possession, or to offer for sale a certificate of title, validation tab or sticker, or registration number plate knowing the same to be fictitious or to have been stolen, cancelled, revoked, suspended, or altered; (c) To lend to or knowingly permit the use by one not entitled thereto a certificate of title, registration card, or registration number plate issued to the lending or permitting person; (d) To fail or refuse to surrender to the department, upon demand, a certificate of title, registration card, or registration number plate that has been suspended, cancelled, or revoked; (e) To use a false name or address, to knowingly make a false statement, or to knowingly conceal a material fact in an application for the registration, renewal registration, or duplicate registration of a motor vehicle; (f) To use or permit the use of a noncommercial or recreational vehicle to transport cargo or passengers for profit or hire or in a business or commercial enterprise; Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 204 of 764 Uncertified Printout (g) To use or permit the use of a truck or truck tractor registered as a collector's item pursuant to section 42-12-401 (1)(c) to transport cargo or passengers for profit or hire or in a business or commercial enterprise; (h) To drive or permit to be driven a truck or truck tractor registered as a collector's item pursuant to section 42-12-401 (1)(c) for any purpose other than those purposes allowed in section 42-12-401 (1)(c). (2) (a) A person who violates paragraph (a) or (c) of subsection (1) of this section commits a class B traffic infraction. (b) A person who violates paragraph (b), (d), or (e) of subsection (1) of this section commits a class 2 misdemeanor traffic offense. (c) A person who violates paragraph (f) or (g) of subsection (1) of this section commits a class B traffic infraction. Source: L. 2005: Entire article amended with relocations, p. 1102, § 2, effective August 8. L. 2008: (1)(a) amended, p. 638, § 3, effective August 5. L. 2011: (1)(g), (1)(h), and (2)(c) amended, (SB 11-031), ch. 86, p. 243, § 4, effective August 10. Editor's note: This section is similar to former § 42-3-133 as it existed prior to 2005, and the former § 42-3-121 was relocated to § 42-3-204. Cross references: For the penalty for a class B traffic infraction, see § 42-4-1701 (3)(a)(I); for the penalty for a class 2 misdemeanor traffic offense, see § 42-4-1701 (3)(a)(II). 42-3-122. Perjury on a motor vehicle registration application. (1) A person commits perjury on a motor vehicle registration application if such person knowingly makes a materially false statement, other than those prohibited by sections 18-8-502 and 18-8-503, C.R.S., on a motor vehicle registration application that such person does not believe to be true, under an oath required or authorized by law. (2) Perjury on a motor vehicle registration application is a class 1 petty offense. Source: L. 2005: Entire article amended with relocations, p. 1104, § 2, effective August 8. Editor's note: This section is similar to former § 42-3-140 as it existed prior to 2005, and the former § 42-3-122 was relocated to § 42-3-207. Cross references: For the penalty for a class 1 petty offense, see § 18-1.3-503. 42-3-123. Dishonored payment - recovery of taxes, fees, and plates. (1) If the registration of a vehicle required to be registered under this article is procured or perfected by the owner, or by a person or agent in the owner's behalf, and the registration fee and specific ownership tax are paid by check, money order, draft, bill of exchange, or other negotiable instrument that is dishonored and not paid by the person upon whom drawn, the registration shall be revoked as soon as the dishonored or unpaid instrument is returned to the authorized agent. Upon the return of such check, money order, draft, bill of exchange, or other negotiable Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 205 of 764 Uncertified Printout instrument to the authorized agent, evidencing nonpayment or dishonor of same, the authorized agent shall notify the owner in writing, at the address appearing on the person's ownership tax receipt, by registered or certified mail, of the revoked registration resulting from such nonpayment or dishonor. The notice shall request the return to the authorized agent of the tax receipt, license fee receipt, and registration number plates issued under such revoked registration within ten days after the date of mailing of the notice. (2) If the owner fails to return any requested documents or license plates to the authorized agent within a reasonable time, as specified by the authorized agent, after the date of mailing of the notice, the authorized agent may immediately repossess the tax receipt, license fee receipt, and license plates that were issued under the canceled registration, and the county sheriff or the Denver manager of safety, or an equivalent person in the city and county of Broomfield, upon request by an authorized agent, shall sequester or recover possession of the receipts and license plates within his or her jurisdiction. The sheriff, manager, or equivalent who has recovered possession of a receipt or license plate shall transfer the receipt or license plate to the authorized agent. An owner who attaches or uses license plates acquired under a canceled registration is subject to the penalties provided in section 42-3-121. (3) The authorized agent, upon accounting for repossessed plates, shall receive a refund of any sum paid over to the county treasurer, or such equivalent position in the city and county of Broomfield, or to the department, as provided by sections 42-3-304 to 42-3-306, in each case where an owner or the owner's agent has issued a check, money order, draft, bill of exchange, or other negotiable instrument that has been dishonored and not paid by the person upon whom drawn; and, likewise, the county treasurer, or such equivalent position in the city and county of Broomfield, and the department making such refund shall further effect appropriate refunds and deductions as may be necessary to adjust and balance the books and records of the county treasurer and the department after making the initial refund to the authorized agent. Source: L. 2005: Entire article amended with relocations, p. 1104, § 2, effective August 8. L. 2017: (2) amended, (HB 17-1107), ch. 101, p. 368, § 15, effective August 9. Editor's note: This section is similar to former § 42-3-141 as it existed prior to 2005, and the former § 42-3-123 was relocated to § 42-3-202. 42-3-124. Violation - penalty. A person who violates a provision of this article for which no other penalty is provided in this article commits a class B traffic infraction and shall be punished as provided in section 42-4-1701 (3)(a). Source: L. 2005: Entire article amended with relocations, p. 1105, § 2, effective August 8. Editor's note: This section is similar to former § 42-3-142 as it existed prior to 2005, and portions of the former § 42-3-124 were relocated to §§ 42-3-114 and 42-3-203. 42-3-125. Fleet operators - registration period certificates - multi-year registrations. (1) (a) The department may issue to a fleet operator, upon application of the fleet operator, a registration period certificate. Such registration period certificate shall be presented to the Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 206 of 764 Uncertified Printout appropriate authorized agent no later than the tenth day of the month in which registration of any motor vehicle is required by this article. When so presented, the twelve-month period stated in the registration period certificate shall govern the date on which registration is required for all fleet vehicles owned or leased by the fleet operator. (b) Notwithstanding section 42-3-207 (1)(b), the department may promulgate rules to establish requirements for a fleet operator to register the operator's fleet vehicles and have them identified by special license plates that do not require an annual validating tab or sticker. Registration fees payable on fleet vehicles under a multi-year agreement shall not be discounted below the otherwise applicable annual registration fees. (2) (a) Vehicles registered by a fleet operator after the issuance of a registration period certificate or the execution of a multi-year agreement shall be subject to section 42-3-109. (b) The annual registration fees prescribed in sections 42-3-304 to 42-3-306 for fleet vehicles shall be reduced by twenty-five percent at the end of each successive quarter of the registration period that has elapsed prior to making application for the balance of the registration period. (3) The fees and taxes for vehicles registered prior to the effective date of the registration period certificate or multi-year agreement shall be apportioned in the manner prescribed in subsection (2) of this section. (4) This section shall not apply to vehicles registered under reciprocal agreements between the state of Colorado and any foreign country or another state or territory or a possession of the United States. Source: L. 2005: Entire article amended with relocations, p. 1105, § 2, effective August 8. Editor's note: This section is similar to former § 42-3-143 as it existed prior to 2005, and the former § 42-3-125 was repealed in House Bill 05-1107. 42-3-126. Notice - primary body color. (1) If the primary body color of a motor vehicle is subsequently changed from the primary body color that is identified in the application for registration for the motor vehicle, the owner of the motor vehicle shall notify the department in writing, within thirty days after the color of such motor vehicle is changed, of the new primary body color of the motor vehicle. The primary body color of a motor vehicle shall be identified using the standard color descriptions of the department that are established pursuant to section 42-3-105 (1)(e). (2) Any person who violates subsection (1) of this section commits a class B traffic infraction. Source: L. 2005: Entire section added, p. 650, § 23, effective May 27; entire article amended with relocations, p. 1106, § 2, effective August 8. L. 2006: (1) amended, p. 1511, § 69, effective June 1. Editor's note: This section, as enacted by Senate Bill 05-047, was originally numbered as § 42-3-145 but was relocated to and harmonized with § 42-3-126 as enacted by House Bill 051107. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 207 of 764 Uncertified Printout Cross references: For the penalty for a class B traffic infraction, see § 42-4-1701 (3)(a)(I). 42-3-127. Sale of special mobile machinery. A person who sells special mobile machinery in the ordinary course of business shall notify in writing the buyer of the machinery that the machinery is required to be registered under this article. A person who violates this section commits a class B traffic infraction for each item of special mobile machinery sold without such a notice. Source: L. 2010: Entire section added, (HB 10-1172), ch. 320, p. 1491, § 8, effective October 1. Cross references: For the penalty for a class B traffic infraction, see § 42-4-1701 (3)(a)(I). PART 2 LICENSE PLATES 42-3-201. Number plates furnished - style - periodic reissuance - tabs - rules. (1) (a) (I) The department shall issue to every owner whose vehicle is registered two number plates; except that the department shall issue one number plate for the following: (A) A motorcycle; (B) A street rod vehicle; (C) A trailer or semitrailer; (D) A vehicle drawn by a motor vehicle; or (E) An item of special mobile machinery. (F) Repealed. (II) At the discretion of the executive director of the department, the department may issue one number plate for any vehicle not listed in subparagraph (I) of this paragraph (a). (III) The department may require the return to the department of all number plates upon termination of the lawful use of such plates by the owner. (b) (I) The department may issue the number plates required in this section for one or more registration periods. If the number plates are issued for multi-year use, the department may issue a validating tab or sticker to indicate the year of registration of the vehicle. (II) Any validating tab or sticker that evidences the receipt of taxes under this article may be obtained by the department through normal purchasing procedures and may be produced and issued by the department through its authorized agents. Such validation tab or sticker shall be produced in accordance with the minimum specifications of the department, and such specifications shall reflect, at a minimum, the same quality control standards employed by the department of corrections in the production of such validation tab or sticker as those standards existed on January 1, 1999. (2) Except as provided in subsection (7) of this section, the owner shall display on every number plate the registration number assigned to the vehicle and owner, the year number for which it is issued, the month in which it expires, and any other appropriate symbol, word, or Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 208 of 764 Uncertified Printout words designated by the department. The department may adopt rules for the issuance of permanent number plates that do not display the year number for which it is issued or the month in which it expires. Such plate and the required letters and numerals, except the year number for which issued, must be of sufficient size to be plainly readable from a distance of one hundred feet during daylight. (3) The department shall issue for every passenger motor vehicle, rented without a driver, the same type of number plates as the type of plates issued for private passenger vehicles. (4) The department shall issue, for every noncommercial or recreational vehicle registered as such pursuant to this article, numbered plates or other insignia of a color or design different from any other Colorado plates, to be determined by the department, in order that such numbered plates or other insignia may be plainly recognized at a distance of at least one hundred feet during daylight. (5) (a) A new or replacement license plate issued by the department shall, to the extent that it is practical, have standardized coloring and identifying characters limited to no more than a total of six numbers and letters; except that such character limitation does not apply to personalized license plates issued under section 42-3-211. (b) The department of revenue may require the replacement of any license plate as necessary to ensure that license plates are legible as required by section 42-3-202 (2). (6) (a) The department shall promulgate rules that require the destruction, recycling, or other permanent disposal of license plates that are no longer used to evidence registration of a motor vehicle and are voluntarily given to the department, an authorized agent, or a person who receives license plates in the ordinary course of business. (b) The department, an authorized agent, or a person who receives license plates in the ordinary course of business shall destroy, recycle, or dispose of a license plate in accordance with rules promulgated by the department under this subsection (6). (7) Notwithstanding subsections (1) and (2) of this section, the department shall issue license plates to a Class A commercial trailer or semitrailer registered in Colorado that do not contain the month and year the trailer expires, and a validating sticker or tab is not issued nor required for the license plates. Source: L. 2005: Entire article amended with relocations, p. 1106, § 2, effective August 8; (5)(b) amended, p. 253, § 1, effective August 8. L. 2008: (6) added, p. 321, § 1, effective July 1. L. 2010: (1)(a)(I)(E) amended, (HB 10-1172), ch. 320, p. 1491, § 9, effective October 1. L. 2012: (2) amended and (7) added, (HB 12-1038), ch. 276, p. 1456, § 5, effective June 8. L. 2014: (1)(a)(I)(D) and (1)(a)(I)(E) amended and (1)(a)(I)(F) added, (HB 14-1367), ch. 303, p. 1286, § 2, effective July 1. L. 2017: (1)(a)(I)(D) and (1)(a)(I)(E) amended and (1)(a)(I)(F) repealed, (HB 17-1044), ch. 72, p. 229, § 3, effective March 23. Editor's note: (1) This section is similar to former § 42-3-113 as it existed prior to 2005. (2) Subsection (5)(b) was originally numbered as § 42-3-113 (5)(b), and the amendments to it in Senate Bill 05-153 were harmonized with § 42-3-201 (5)(b) as it appears in House Bill 05-1107. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 209 of 764 Uncertified Printout Cross references: For the legislative declaration in the 2012 act amending subsection (2) and adding subsection (7), see section 1 of chapter 276, Session Laws of Colorado 2012. 42-3-202. Number plates furnished to be attached. (1) (a) The owner shall attach the number plates assigned to a self-propelled vehicle, other than a motorcycle or street rod vehicle, to the vehicle with one in the front and the other in the rear. The owner shall attach the number plate assigned to a motorcycle, street rod vehicle, trailer, semitrailer, other vehicle drawn by a motor vehicle, or special mobile machinery to the rear of the vehicle. The owner shall display number plates during the current registration year, except as otherwise provided in this article 3. (b) If the department issues a validating tab or sticker to a motor vehicle pursuant to section 42-3-201, the current month validating tab or sticker shall be displayed in the bottom left corner of the rear license plate. The current year validating tab or sticker shall be displayed in the bottom right corner of the rear license plate. The tabs or stickers shall be visible at all times. (2) (a) (I) The owner or driver of a motor vehicle shall securely fasten the license plate to the vehicle to which it is assigned so as to prevent the plate from swinging. (II) Except when authorized by this article 3 or rule of the department, the rear license plate must be: (A) Horizontal at a height not less than twelve inches from the ground, measuring from the bottom of the plate; (B) In a place and position to be clearly visible; (C) Maintained free from foreign materials and clearly legible; (D) At the approximate center of the vehicle measured horizontally; and (E) Mounted on or within eighteen inches of the rear bumper. (III) Except when authorized by this article 3, the front license plate must be: (A) Displayed horizontally on the front of a motor vehicle in the location designated by the motor vehicle manufacturer; (B) Maintained free from foreign materials; and (C) Clearly legible. (b) A person shall not operate a motor vehicle with an affixed device or a substance that causes all or a portion of a license plate to be unreadable by a system used to automatically identify a motor vehicle. Such a device includes, without limitation, a cover that distorts angular visibility; alters the color of the plate; or is smoked, tinted, scratched, or dirty so as to impair the legibility of the license plate. (3) (a) A person who violates any provision of this section commits a class B traffic infraction. (b) A person who violates paragraph (b) of subsection (2) of this section commits a class A traffic infraction and shall be punished by a fine of one hundred dollars. (4) Notwithstanding subsections (1) to (3) of this section, the owner of a military vehicle may elect to not display the vehicle's assigned license plate if the license plate is physically in the military vehicle and is available for inspection to any peace officer who requests the plate. Source: L. 2005: Entire article amended with relocations, p. 1108, § 2, effective August 8. L. 2008: (1) amended, p. 321, § 2, effective July 1. L. 2010: (4) added, (SB 10-075), ch. 169, p. 597, § 2, effective August 11; (1)(a) amended, (HB 10-1172), ch. 320, p. 1491, § 10, effective October 1. L. 2014: (1)(a) amended, (HB 14-1367), ch. 303, p. 1286, § 3, effective July 1. L. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 210 of 764 Uncertified Printout 2015: (2)(a) amended, (SB 15-090), ch. 334, p. 1360, § 2, see subsection (2) of the editor's note following this section. L. 2017: (1)(a) amended, (HB 17-1044), ch. 72, p. 229, § 4, effective March 23. L. 2018: (2)(a)(II) and (2)(a)(III) amended, (SB 18-028), ch. 85, p. 685, § 1, effective March 29. Editor's note: (1) This section is similar to former § 42-3-123 as it existed prior to 2005. (2) Section 6(1)(b) and 6(2) of chapter 334 (SB 15-090), Session Laws of Colorado 2015, provides that changes to this section take effect only if the department of revenue receives enough gifts, grants, and donations for materials, start-up costs, and computer programming necessary to implement this act, and take effect January 1, 2016, only if the revisor of statutes receives written notice that such funds were received. The revisor of statutes received the required notice, dated February 12, 2016. Cross references: For the penalty for a class B traffic infraction, see § 42-4-1701 (3)(a)(I). 42-3-203. Standardized plates - notice of funding through gifts, grants, and donations - rules - repeal. (1) (a) Unless otherwise authorized by statute, the department shall issue all Class C vehicles a single type of standardized license plate. Unless otherwise authorized by statute, the department shall issue all Class B vehicles, except recreational trucks, a single type of standardized license plate. (b) Repealed. (2) An owner who has applied for renewal of registration of a vehicle but who has not received the number plates or plate for the ensuing registration period may operate or permit the operation of such vehicle upon the highways, upon displaying the number plates or plate issued for the preceding registration period, for such time as determined by the department as it may find necessary for issuance of such new plates. (3) (a) (I) The department may issue individual temporary registration number plates and certificates good for a period not to exceed sixty days upon application by an owner of a motor vehicle or the owner's agent and the payment of a registration fee of two dollars, one dollar and sixty cents to be retained by the authorized agent or department issuing the plates and certificates and the remainder to be remitted monthly to the department to be transmitted to the state treasurer for credit to the highway users tax fund. (II) The authorized agent may issue individual temporary registration number plates and certificates good for a period not to exceed sixty days upon application by an owner of special mobile machinery or the owner's agent and the payment of a registration fee of two dollars, one dollar and sixty cents to be retained by the authorized agent or department issuing the plates and certificates and the remainder to be remitted monthly to the department to be transmitted to the state treasurer for credit to the highway users tax fund. (III) It is unlawful for a person to use a number plate and certificate after it expires. A person who violates any provision of this paragraph (a) commits a class B traffic infraction. (b) The department may issue to licensed motor vehicle dealers temporary registration number plates and certificates in blocks of twenty-five upon payment of a fee of six dollars and twenty-five cents for each block of twenty-five. The department shall transmit any money it Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 211 of 764 Uncertified Printout receives from this sale to the state treasurer for credit to the highway users tax fund and allocation and expenditure as specified in section 43-4-205 (5.5)(b), C.R.S. The department may promulgate rules creating a system for the dealer to: (I) Print on the temporary plates the temporary registration number, vehicle identification number, and other information required by the department; and (II) Print temporary registration certificates with the information required by the department. (c) (I) Subject to subparagraph (III) of this paragraph (c), the department shall not issue more than two temporary registration number plates and certificates per year to a Class A or Class B motor vehicle. (II) Beginning July 1, 2008, the department shall track by vehicle identification number the number of temporary registration number plates and certificates issued to a motor vehicle. (III) The department may promulgate rules authorizing the issuance of more than two temporary registration number plates and certificates per year if the motor vehicle title work or lien perfection has caused the need for such issuance. (d) (I) By July 1, 2016, the department shall make temporary registration number plates or certificates so that each complies with the requirements of section 42-3-202, including being fastened, visible, and readable; except that a temporary plate is affixed only to the rear of the vehicle. The department shall implement an electronic issuance system for temporary license plates. The department may promulgate rules to implement this system. (II) and (III) Repealed. (e) A dealer may issue a second temporary registration number plate in accordance with this subsection (3) if the dealer: (I) Has issued a temporary plate to the owner when selling the motor vehicle to the owner; (II) Has not delivered or facilitated the delivery of the certificate of title to the purchaser or the holder of a chattel mortgage as required in section 42-6-112 or 42-6-119 (3) within sixty days after the motor vehicle was purchased; and (III) Has taken every reasonable action necessary to deliver or facilitate the delivery of the certificate of title. (4) All or part of the face of the license plates furnished pursuant to this section shall be coated with a reflective material. Source: L. 2005: (3)(b) amended, p. 145, § 20, effective April 5; entire article amended with relocations, p. 1108, § 2, effective August 8. L. 2007: (3)(c) added, p. 1597, § 2, effective July 1. L. 2010: (3)(a) amended, (HB 10-1172), ch. 320, p. 1493, § 16, effective October 1. L. 2014: (1) amended, (HB 14-1367), ch. 303, p. 1286, § 4, effective July 1. L. 2015: (3) amended, (SB 15-090), ch. 334, p. 1358, § 1, see subsection (3) of the editor's note following this section. L. 2016: (3)(e) added, (SB 16-140), ch. 287, p. 1169, § 2, effective August 10. L. 2017: (1)(b) repealed, (HB 17-1044), ch. 72, p. 230, § 5, effective March 23; (3)(d)(II) repealed, (HB 171107), ch. 101, p. 368, § 16, effective August 9. Editor's note: (1) This section is similar to former § 42-3-124 as it existed prior to 2005. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 212 of 764 Uncertified Printout (2) Subsection (3)(b) was originally numbered as § 42-3-124 (3)(b), and the amendments to it in Senate Bill 05-041 were harmonized with § 42-3-203 (3)(b) as it appears in House Bill 05-1107. (3) Section 6(1)(b) and 6(2) of chapter 334 (SB 15-090), Session Laws of Colorado 2015, provides that changes to this section take effect only if the department of revenue receives enough gifts, grants, and donations for materials, start-up costs, and computer programming necessary to implement this act, and take effect January 1, 2016, only if the revisor of statutes receives written notice that such funds were received. The revisor of statutes received the required notice, dated February 12, 2016. (4) Subsection (3)(d)(III)(B) provided for the repeal of subsection (3)(d)(III), effective July 1, 2017. (See L. 2015, p. 1360.) Cross references: For the penalty for a class B traffic infraction, see § 42-4-1701 (3)(a)(I). 42-3-204. Reserved parking for persons with disabilities - applicability - definitions - rules. (1) Definitions. As used in this section: (a) "Disability" or "disabled" means a physical impairment that meets the standards of 23 CFR 1235. (b) "Extended" means a condition that is not expected to change within thirty months after the issuance of an identifying figure, given the current state of medical or adaptive technology. (c) "Holder" means a person with a disability who has lawfully obtained an identifying plate or placard. (d) "Identification number" means the number on a Colorado driver's license, a Colorado identification document, or an identification document issued by the United States. (e) "Identifying figure" means a figure that provides notice that a person is authorized to use a reserved parking space. (f) "Identifying placard" means a placard bearing an identifying figure issued under this section or a similar provision in another state and refers to a ninety-day, three-year, or permanent placard. (g) "Identifying plate" means a license plate bearing an identifying figure issued under this section or a similar provision in another state and refers to either a three-year or permanent license plate. (h) "Permanent" means a condition that is not expected to change within a person's lifetime, given the current state of medical or adaptive technology. (i) "Professional" means a physician licensed to practice medicine or practicing medicine under section 12-240-107 (3)(i), a physician assistant licensed under section 12-240113, a podiatrist licensed under article 290 of title 12, an advanced practice nurse registered under section 12-255-111, or a physician, physician assistant, podiatrist, or advanced practice nurse authorized to practice professionally by another state that shares a common border with Colorado. For the purposes of issuance of a ninety-day placard only, "professional" includes a chiropractor or physical therapist. (i.5) "Remuneration-exempt identifying placard" means an identifying placard issued under this section that exempts the holder from paying remuneration at parking devices. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 213 of 764 Uncertified Printout (i.7) "Remuneration-exempt qualifying disability" means a disability that limits an individual's: (I) Fine motor control in both hands; (II) Ability to reach a height of forty-eight inches from the ground due to lack of strength or mobility in the individual's finger, hand, or upper extremity; or (III) Ability to reach or access a parking meter due to the use of a wheelchair or other ambulatory device. (j) "Reserved parking" means a parking space reserved for a person with a disability as set forth in paragraph (a) of this subsection (1). (k) "Temporary" means a condition that is expected to last less than thirty months after the issuance of an identifying plate or placard, given the current state of medical or adaptive technology. (2) Administration by the department. (a) Records. The department shall maintain in its records for at least three years: (I) The registration information used to issue an identifying plate or placard; (II) Any violations of section 42-4-1208 by the holder of an identifying plate or placard; and (III) The application for an identifying plate or placard or an electronic or digital reproduction of the application. (b) Peace officers may access records. Upon the moneys being available and appropriated from the disabled parking education and enforcement fund created in section 42-1226, the department shall provide immediate electronic access to the records under this subsection (2) to a peace officer working within the course and scope of the officer's official duties. (c) Records confidential. Identifying information about the person with the disability for whom an identifying plate or placard is issued is strictly confidential and only available to: (I) A peace officer, parking authority, or tolling authority acting within the course and scope of the official's duties; or (II) Personnel within the department for official business related to the identifying plate or placard. (d) Department to establish forms - rules. The department, in consultation with the Colorado advisory council for persons with disabilities, created in section 26-24-103, shall promulgate a rule creating an application and renewal form that: (I) Is signed by a professional, under penalty of perjury, to affirm that an applicant meets the eligibility requirements for an identifying plate or placard and setting out the penalties for authorizing an identifying plate or placard when an applicant is ineligible or before verifying that a person has a disability; and (II) Contains a notice of the eligibility requirements to obtain an identifying plate or placard. (3) Types of plates or placards. (a) Authorization. The department may issue the following registration type for issuing disabled plates and placards that notify the public that the vehicle transports a person who may use reserved parking: (I) A ninety-day identifying placard; (II) A three-year identifying placard; (II.5) A three-year remuneration-exempt identifying placard; Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 214 of 764 Uncertified Printout (III) A permanent identifying placard; (IV) A three-year identifying plate; (V) A permanent identifying plate; (VI) A military license plate, issued under section 42-3-213 or 42-3-218 (3), with an additional identifying figure to indicate that the owner of the vehicle is authorized to make use of reserved parking for persons with disabilities. (b) Number of placards and license plates allowed. (I) (A) Except as provided in subsection (3)(b)(I)(B) of this section, the department may issue two identifying placards, two identifying plates, or one plate and one placard to an eligible individual. (B) The department may issue one remuneration-exempt identifying placard to an eligible individual. (II) The department may issue two military license plates under section 42-3-213 or 423-218 (3) with identifying figures or one military license plate under section 42-3-213 or 42-3218 (3) with an additional identifying figure and one placard to a qualified individual. (III) The department may issue one identifying plate or placard to each parent or guardian of a child with a disability who is under sixteen years of age, but the department shall not issue more than two identifying placards, two identifying plates, or one plate and one placard for the child. This subsection (3)(b)(III) does not apply to a remuneration-exempt identifying placard. (4) Cost. The cost for issuance of an identifying plate is the same as for a standard plate. There is no fee for an identifying placard. (5) Issuance of plate or placard - rules. (a) Department to issue. The department shall issue an identifying plate or placard to an applicant that pays any required fees and is qualified for the plate or placard under paragraph (h) of this subsection (5). (b) Identification number on placard. The department shall place the last four digits of the holder's identification number on the face of an identifying placard. If an entity that transports persons with disabilities obtains a placard, the placard shall bear the true name of the entity providing the service rather than the identification number. (c) Expiration date on placard. The department shall place the expiration date on an identifying placard using a date system that removes a portion of the placard to indicate the expiration date. The department shall affix to an identifying placard a validating sticker indicating the expiration date. (d) Department to give notice of rights and responsibilities. When a person files an application for issuance or renewal of an identifying plate or placard under this section, the department shall provide to the applicant an informational pamphlet or other informational source, developed by the department, that describes reserved parking and the rights and responsibilities of the holders of identifying plates or placards. The department, in consultation with the Colorado advisory council for persons with disabilities, created in section 26-24-103, shall develop the pamphlet or other informational source. (e) Personalized and other specialty plates authorized. An applicant may apply for a personalized identifying plate. Upon payment of the additional fee required by section 42-3-211 (6)(a) for personalized license plates, the department may issue such plates if the applicant complies with section 42-3-211. If an applicant has existing personalized license plates for a motor vehicle, the applicant may transfer the combination of letters or numbers to a new set of identifying plates for the vehicle upon payment of the fee imposed by section 42-3-211 (6) and Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 215 of 764 Uncertified Printout upon turning in the existing plates to the department. A person who has obtained personalized identifying plates under this paragraph (e) shall pay the annual fee imposed by section 42-3-211 (6)(b) for renewal of personalized plates. The fees under this paragraph (e) are in addition to all other taxes and fees imposed for personalized identifying plates. (f) Trusts may use. A person may use an identifying plate or placard on a motor vehicle that is owned by a trust created for the benefit of and in the name of a person who is eligible for reserved parking. (g) Placards issued by other states. An identifying placard issued in another state or country is not valid for more than ninety days after the holder becomes a resident of Colorado. A person must surrender any currently held identifying placard issued in another state or country to be issued an identifying placard in Colorado. (h) Requirements for issuance of identifying placards or plates. (I) To qualify for an identifying placard or plate, an individual must submit: (A) A written statement, made by a professional on a form published by the department, that the person has a physical impairment meeting the standards of 23 CFR 1235 and that the impairment is expected to be temporary, last thirty months, or be permanent, as the case may be; (B) A signed affidavit affirming: Knowledge of the eligibility requirements; that the person to whom the placard or plate is issued is and remains eligible to use the placard or plate; and knowledge of the penalties for obtaining a plate or placard when ineligible; and (C) A Colorado driver's license or identification document, or an identification document issued by the United States government, for the person who is entitled to use reserved parking. (I.5) To qualify for a remuneration-exempt identifying placard, an individual must submit: (A) A written statement, made by a professional on a form published by the department, that the individual has a remuneration-exempt qualifying disability; (B) A signed affidavit affirming: Knowledge of the eligibility requirements; that the individual to whom the placard is issued is and remains eligible to use the placard; and knowledge of the penalties for obtaining a placard when ineligible; and (C) A Colorado driver's license or identification document, or an identification document issued by the United States government, for the individual who is entitled to use a remunerationexempt identifying placard. (II) To qualify for a ninety-day identifying placard, a resident of another state who becomes disabled while in this state must submit a driver's license or identification document issued by the state of residence or the United States government along with the documents required by sub-subparagraphs (A) and (B) of subparagraph (I) of this paragraph (h). (III) A placard issued for a person under sixteen years of age may bear the parent's or guardian's identification number in lieu of the holder's number. If the placard bears the last four digits of a parent's or guardian's identification number, the department shall also place the letter "C" as a designator on the placard. (IV) A state agency or business entity that transports persons with disabilities may obtain a permanent identifying plate or placard for reserved parking. To qualify for a three-year or permanent identifying plate or placard, the agency or business entity must: (A) Show that it transports persons with disabilities; (B) Provide a driver's license or identification document of its chief operations officer within Colorado; Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 216 of 764 Uncertified Printout (C) Provide its employee identification number; and (D) Provide any other information required by the department by rule. (i) Requirements for identifying figure on military license plate. To qualify for a military license plate with an identifying figure, the applicant must qualify for a permanent identifying plate under subparagraph (I) of paragraph (h) of this subsection (5) and meet the eligibility criteria in section 42-3-213 or 42-3-218 (3) for a military license plate. A military license plate with an identifying figure expires in accordance with the schedule established by the department for periodic registration under section 42-3-102 (1)(a). (6) Expiration and renewal. (a) Ninety-day placards. A ninety-day identifying placard expires on the last day of the month in which the ninetieth day after issuance occurs. The holder may apply for or renew the placard by meeting the requirements of paragraph (h) of subsection (5) of this section to qualify for the placard. (b) Three-year placards. A three-year identifying placard expires on the last day of the thirty-sixth full month after the date of issuance or renewal. The holder may apply for or renew the placard by meeting the requirements of subparagraph (I) of paragraph (h) of subsection (5) of this section to qualify for the placard. (c) Permanent placards. (I) A permanent identifying placard expires on the last day of the thirty-sixth full month after the date of issuance or renewal. The holder may renew the placard by submitting: (A) A written statement required by sub-subparagraph (A) of subparagraph (I) of paragraph (h) of subsection (5) of this section to qualify for the placard by mail or a Colorado driver's license, a Colorado identification document, or an identification document issued by the United States in person in the office of the department; (B) An affidavit, made under penalty of perjury, that the person to whom the placard is issued remains eligible to use the placard; (C) The date of birth and Colorado driver's license or identification card number of the person who may use reserved parking; and (D) Every third renewal, a written statement required by sub-subparagraph (A) of subparagraph (I) of paragraph (h) of subsection (5) of this section to qualify for the placard. (II) If the holder is an entity, the holder may renew the placard upon resubmitting and updating the information necessary to be issued the placard under subparagraph (IV) of paragraph (h) of subsection (5) of this section. (d) Three-year identifying plates. (I) A three-year identifying plate expires in accordance with the schedule established by the department for periodic registration under section 42-3-102 (1)(a). Eligibility for a three-year identifying plate expires on the last day of the thirty-sixth full month after the date of issuance or renewal. The holder may renew the plate by meeting the requirements of subparagraph (I) of paragraph (h) of subsection (5) of this section to qualify for the plate. (II) If a three-year identifying plate is issued for a person under sixteen years of age using a parent's or guardian's identification document, the department shall place a "C" on the registration card issued under section 42-3-113 (2). (e) Permanent identifying plates. (I) A permanent identifying plate or military license plate with an identifying figure expires in accordance with the schedule established by the department for periodic registration under section 42-3-102 (1)(a). Eligibility for a permanent identifying plate or identifying figure for a military license plate expires on the last day of the Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 217 of 764 Uncertified Printout thirty-sixth full month after the date of issuance or renewal. The holder may renew the plate by submitting: (A) A current verification form as required by sub-subparagraph (A) of subparagraph (I) of paragraph (h) of subsection (5) of this section by mail or a Colorado driver's license, Colorado identification document, or identification document issued by the United States in person in the office of an authorized agent; (B) An affidavit, made under penalty of perjury, that the person to whom the plate is issued remains eligible to use the plate; (C) The date of birth and Colorado driver's license or identification card number of the person who may use reserved parking; and (D) Every third renewal, a written statement required by sub-subparagraph (A) of subparagraph (I) of paragraph (h) of subsection (5) of this section to qualify for the plate. (II) If the plate is issued for a person under sixteen years of age using a parent's or guardian's identification document, the department shall place a "C" on the registration card issued under section 42-3-113 (2). (III) If the holder is an entity, the holder may renew the plate upon resubmitting and updating the information necessary to be issued the plate under subparagraph (IV) of paragraph (h) of subsection (5) of this section. (f) Placards issued before January 1, 2005. Any identifying placard issued before January 1, 2005, expires on July 1, 2014. (7) Violations - department may revoke. (a) (I) Upon receipt of a sworn statement from a peace officer or an authorized parking enforcement official that a person has improperly used reserved parking in violation of section 42-4-1208, an identifying plate or placard may be revoked by the department. To be accepted by the department, the peace officer or authorized parking enforcement official must include with the statement the name of the person who misused the identifying plate or placard and either the identifying plate or placard number or the last four digits of the driver's license or identification document number printed on the placard. (II) The revocation is effective forty-five days after the department receives the sworn statement unless a hearing is requested in accordance with paragraph (e) of this subsection (7). (b) Upon receipt of a notice that the holder of an identifying plate or placard was convicted of, or pled nolo contendere to, a violation of section 42-4-1208, the department shall revoke each identifying placard or plate held by the person. (c) Revocation period. (I) Upon a first violation of section 42-4-1208, the department shall deny reissuance of the identifying plate or placard for twelve months after the date of revocation. (II) Upon a second or subsequent violation of section 42-4-1208, the department shall deny reissuance of the identifying plate or placard for a period of at least five years after the date of the second or most recent subsequent revocation. (d) Written notice of revocation. The department shall notify in writing the person issued the identifying plate or placard of the revocation. The department shall include in the notice: (I) A demand for the return of the identifying plate or placard; (II) A warning that continued use of the identifying plate or placard by any person is subject to the penalty set forth in section 42-4-1701; and Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 218 of 764 Uncertified Printout (III) A statement that the person may appeal the revocation by filing a written request with the department within thirty days after the department issued the notice. (e) Request for hearing. If a person requests a hearing on the revocation of an identifying plate or placard within thirty days after the department issued the notice, the department shall hold a hearing before revoking the plate or placard. If a hearing is held and the hearing officer upholds the revocation, the revocation takes effect immediately. (f) Penalties. (I) A person who fails to return a revoked identifying placard or plate commits a class B traffic infraction. (II) A person who attempts to obtain an identifying plate or placard when under revocation in accordance with this subsection (7) is subject to the penalties in section 42-4-1701 (4)(a)(VIII). Source: L. 2005: (2)(e) amended, p. 145, § 18, effective April 5; entire article amended with relocations, p. 1109, § 2, effective August 8. L. 2007: (2)(c) amended, p. 1321, § 5, effective August 3. L. 2008: (2)(e) repealed, p. 195, § 1, effective August 5; (1)(b)(II), (2)(b), (2)(c), and (3) amended, p. 136, § 29, effective January 1, 2009. L. 2010: (1)(b)(II) amended, (HB 10-1422), ch. 419, p. 2125, § 185, effective August 11; entire section amended, (HB 101019), ch. 400, p. 1918, § 2, effective January 1, 2011. L. 2011: (1)(g) amended, (SB 11-195), ch. 195, p. 758, § 1, effective May 23. L. 2013: (1)(f), (2)(a)(I)(C), (2)(a)(II)(F), and (3)(a) amended and (1)(i) and (2)(a)(II)(F.5) added, (SB 13-058), ch. 136, p. 446, § 1, effective April 19. L. 2014: Entire section R&RE, (HB 14-1029), ch. 252, p. 990, § 2, effective July 1. L. 2015: (3)(a)(VI), (3)(b)(II), (5)(i), and IP(6)(e)(I) amended, (HB 15-1026), ch. 231, pp. 859, 860, §§ 1, 3, effective August 5; (3)(b)(II) amended, (HB 15-1136), ch. 158, p. 471, § 1, effective August 5. L. 2018: IP(2)(d) and (5)(d) amended, (HB 18-1364), ch. 351, p. 2084, § 11, effective July 1; (1)(i.5), (1)(i.7), (3)(a)(II.5) and (5)(h)(I.5) added and (3)(b)(I) and (3)(b)(III) amended, (HB 181285), ch. 265, p. 1628, § 2, effective January 1, 2019. L. 2019: (1)(i) amended, (HB 19-1172), ch. 136, p. 1733, § 260, effective October 1. Editor's note: (1) This section is similar to former § 42-3-121 as it existed prior to 2005. (2) Amendments to § 42-3-121 (2)(d) by Senate Bill 05-041 were harmonized with House Bill 05-1107 and relocated to § 42-3-204 (2)(e). (3) Amendments to subsection (1)(b)(II) by House Bill 10-1422 were superseded by House Bill 10-1019, effective January 1, 2011. (4) Subsections (2)(a)(II)(H) and (3)(f)(II) provided for the repeal of subsections (2)(a)(II)(H) and (3)(f)(II), respectively, effective July 1, 2011. (See L. 2010, p. 1918.) Cross references: For the short title ("The Chris Hinds Act") in HB 18-1285, see section 1 of chapter 265, Session Laws of Colorado 2018. 42-3-205. Substitute plates - waiting period for reissuance of identical combination of numbers and letters. (1) If a number or personalized license plate issued under this article becomes lost, stolen, mutilated, or illegible, the person who is entitled thereto shall immediately apply for a substitute. Such application shall include evidence satisfactory to the department that such plate is lost, stolen, mutilated, or illegible and payment of the required fees. If the plate to Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 219 of 764 Uncertified Printout be replaced is in the possession of the applicant, the plate shall be surrendered to the department along with the application. (2) If an application made pursuant to subsection (1) of this section is accompanied by the personalized plate to be replaced, the department shall reissue a substitute plate bearing the identical sequential combination of letters and numbers that appears on the original plate. Source: L. 2005: Entire article amended with relocations, p. 1112, § 2, effective August 8. Editor's note: This section is similar to former § 42-3-129 as it existed prior to 2005. 42-3-206. Remanufacture of certain license plates. Persons who have been approved to be issued a license plate before July 1, 2003, pursuant to this section as it existed on July 1, 2003, shall be issued such plate, shall be authorized to continue using such plate, and shall not be required to pay additional fees beyond the existing taxes and fees imposed for motor vehicle registration. Such issuance of license plates that contain only two alphabetic figures and up to four numeric figures shall be issued as personalized license plates pursuant to section 42-3-211, which are a flat-style license plate. If the same alphanumeric combination is issued to multiple vehicles, the department shall compare the last four numbers of the vehicle identification number of the motor vehicles to which such plates are issued and issue such alphanumeric combination only to the vehicle with the lowest last four numbers. Source: L. 2005: Entire article amended with relocations, p. 1112, § 2, effective August 8. Editor's note: This section is similar to former § 42-3-113.5 as it existed prior to 2005. 42-3-207. Special plates - rules - new plates - retirement. (1) (a) Neither the department nor an authorized agent of the department shall collect any fee for the privilege of using a special plate unless such fee is expressly authorized by statute. The department or an authorized agent of the department shall not transfer money collected for the privilege of using a special plate unless such transfer is expressly authorized by statute. (b) (I) A special license plate shall not be issued pursuant to this section unless such license plate was approved prior to January 1, 2001. (II) Special license plates that have been approved pursuant to this section shall be retired, effective March 1, 2008, unless such plates are issued for at least three thousand vehicles. The executive director of the department shall promulgate rules to provide standards for the retirement of special license plates not issued for at least three thousand vehicles. (2) Repealed. (3) The department shall not issue an approval notification letter to any business entity conducted for profit. (4) The amount of taxes and fees for special license plates issued pursuant to this section shall be the same as the amount of taxes and fees specified for regular motor vehicle registration plus an additional one-time fee of twenty-five dollars. The additional fee shall be transmitted to Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 220 of 764 Uncertified Printout the state treasurer, who shall credit the same to the highway users tax fund for allocation and expenditure as specified in section 43-4-205 (5.5)(b), C.R.S. (5) Before seeking legislative action to authorize a new group special license plate, the nonprofit organization requesting the new plate shall obtain, from the director of the department of revenue, written notification that the group has complied with the requirements for a group special license plate. (6) The department shall verify that the nonprofit organization proposing a group special license plate has collected the signatures of at least three thousand persons committed to purchasing the proposed license plate. (7) The remaining inventory of any group special license plate or alumni association license plate that has not been issued to the minimum number of vehicles specified in law may continue to be issued until the inventory of the plates is exhausted. (8) Notwithstanding any other provision of this part 2, each organization that issues a certificate authorizing a person to obtain a group special license plate upon payment of a specified minimum donation may increase that minimum donation by ten dollars. Beginning July 1, 2019, an organization may annually adjust the donation increase authorized by this subsection (8) to account for a change in inflation. The organization shall round the inflation adjustment upward or downward to the nearest one-dollar increment. Source: L. 2005: (4) amended, p. 145, § 19, effective April 5; entire article amended with relocations, p. 1113, § 2, effective August 8. L. 2007: (1)(b)(II) amended, p. 1986, § 1, effective June 1. L. 2011: (2) amended, (HB 11-1236), ch. 98, p. 286, § 1, effective April 8. L. 2012: (2) repealed, (3) amended, and (5), (6), and (7) added, (SB 12-007), ch. 88, p. 288, § 1, effective April 6. L. 2018: (8) added, (SB 18-046), ch. 46, p. 479, § 1, effective August 8. Editor's note: (1) This section is similar to former § 42-3-122 as it existed prior to 2005. (2) Subsection (4) was originally numbered as § 42-3-122 (4), and the amendments to it in Senate Bill 05-041 were harmonized with § 42-3-207 (4) as it appears in House Bill 05-1107. 42-3-208. Special plates - qualifications for issuance of special license plates. (1) The following special license plates created by rule by the department under section 42-3-207, as it existed when the plates were created, are subject to the following requirement: (a) Repealed. (b) The department or an authorized agent shall not issue a raptor education special license plate to an applicant until such applicant has provided to the department or an authorized agent sufficient evidence to demonstrate that the applicant is a member in good standing of the raptor education foundation and qualified by such foundation to receive a special license plate or the applicant is a member of the rocky mountain raptor program and qualified by such program to receive a special license plate. (c) (Deleted by amendment, L. 2008, p. 228, § 1, effective August 5, 2008.) (d) Repealed. (e) (I) The "10th mountain division" license plate is hereby converted to a "support the 10th mountain division" license plate. The department shall place the word "support" prominently on the plate to indicate that the owner supports the 10th mountain division. When Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 221 of 764 Uncertified Printout the registration of a motor vehicle assigned a "10th mountain division" license plate expires, the department shall replace the plate with a "support the 10th mountain division" license plate unless the owner qualifies for a "10th mountain division" license plate under section 42-3-213. The department shall not charge the fees imposed in section 42-3-207 or section 42-3-312 to replace the current "10th mountain division" license plate with the "support the 10th mountain division" license plate. (II) The department shall not issue a "support the 10th mountain division" license plate unless an applicant provides a certificate issued by the 10th mountain division foundation, inc., or a successor organization, confirming that the person meets the qualifications established by the foundation for the license plate. The 10th mountain division foundation, inc., may require specific levels of contributions to a 10th-mountain-division grant fund of not less than fifteen dollars and not more than one hundred dollars to qualify for the plate. (III) On or after January 1, 2016, the department shall not renew the registration of a "support the 10th mountain division" license plate that was issued after August 6, 2014, unless the person meets the qualifications established by the 10th mountain division foundation, inc., or a successor organization, to renew the license plate. The 10th mountain division foundation, inc., may require specific levels of contributions to a 10th-mountain-division grant fund of not less than fifteen dollars and not more than one hundred dollars to renew the plate. (IV) (A) The 10th Mountain Division Foundation, Inc., or its successor organization shall award grants from the 10th-mountain-division grant fund to fund programs, activities, and events that support veterans and preserve and promote the history and spirit of public service of the 10th mountain division. (B) The 10th Mountain Division Foundation, Inc., or its successor organization shall file an annual statement verifying that it is a nonprofit organization. The statement is made under penalty of perjury with the department. (C) If the department gives at least seven days' notice, the department of revenue may audit, during normal business hours, the records and books of the 10th mountain division foundation, inc., concerning the 10th-mountain-division grant fund. The audit must take place where the records are normally kept or at a place agreeable to both the department and the foundation. (2) (Deleted by amendment, L. 2008, p. 228, § 1, effective August 5, 2008.) (3) Special license plates subject to the requirements of this section shall be retired, effective January 1, 2009, unless such plates are issued to at least three thousand vehicles. (4) The department shall issue firefighter license plates, created by rule by the department under section 42-3-207 as it existed when the plates were created, for motorcycles, passenger cars, trucks, or noncommercial or recreational motor vehicles that do not exceed sixteen thousand pounds empty weight. Source: L. 2005: Entire article amended with relocations, p. 1113, § 2, effective August 8. L. 2007: IP(1) amended, p. 1574, § 10, effective July 1. L. 2008: (1)(c) and (2) amended and (3) added, p. 228, § 1, effective August 5. L. 2009: (1)(b) amended, (SB 09-175), ch. 226, p. 1027, § 1, effective July 1. L. 2012: (1)(a) and (1)(d) repealed, (SB 12-007), ch. 88, p. 289, § 2, effective April 6. L. 2014: IP(1) amended and (1)(e) added, (HB 14-1089), ch. 189, p. 705, § 1, effective August 6. L. 2015: (4) added, (HB 15-1004), ch. 61, p. 148, § 1, effective August 5. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 222 of 764 Uncertified Printout Editor's note: This section is similar to former § 42-3-117.5 as it existed prior to 2005. 42-3-209. Legislative license plates. (1) Upon the application of the owner of a passenger car, truck, or trailer classified as Class B or Class C personal property, as defined in section 42-3-106, or the duly authorized agent of such owner showing that such owner is a member of congress from the state of Colorado, the department may assign to such owner registration plates bearing a number together with appropriate words or letters indicating that such owner is a member of the congress of the United States, and a separate number series shall be used to further identify such license plates. Said license plates shall not be issued by the counties but shall be issued directly by the department. (2) (a) (I) Upon application of an owner of either a passenger car or a truck not over sixteen thousand pounds empty weight showing that the owner is a member of the general assembly of the state of Colorado, the department may specially register the vehicle and assign to the owner registration plates bearing: (A) The letter "H" if the member is a representative or the letter "S" if the member is a senator; and (B) The number of the senatorial or representative district of the member. (II) The letter and number combination in subparagraph (I) of this paragraph (a) is the owner's registration number. (b) A member of the general assembly is eligible for special registration and license plates issued under this subsection (2) for the term that the member is elected to serve in office; except that the registration and plates expire when the person leaves office for any reason. Source: L. 2005: Entire article amended with relocations, p. 1114, § 2, effective August 8. L. 2014: (2) amended, (HB 14-1284), ch. 162, p. 571, § 1, effective August 6. Editor's note: This section is similar to former §§ 42-3-112 and 42-3-124 as they existed prior to 2005. 42-3-210. Radio and television license plates. (1) A person who is the holder of a valid renewable amateur radio, standard radio, FM, or television license issued by the federal communications commission shall, upon application and payment of the additional registration fee prescribed in subsection (4) of this section, be entitled to have passenger cars or trucks that do not exceed sixteen thousand pounds empty weight registered under the call sign letters assigned to such station by said commission and shall be furnished license plates bearing such call sign letters in lieu of the distinct registration number specified in section 42-3-113. (2) A holder of an amateur radio license shall not be entitled to purchase more than one set of such special license plates for a registration period. A holder of a standard radio, FM, or television license shall not be entitled to purchase more than ten sets of such special license plates for a registration period. (3) Such special registration and license plates shall be valid until the end of the registration period and may be renewed for the same term as any other renewal of registration upon application and payment of the prescribed registration fee so long as the holder of such radio or television license is licensed by the federal communications commission. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 223 of 764 Uncertified Printout (4) An additional fee of two dollars shall be collected for each vehicle annually registered that is furnished amateur radio call plates, and an additional fee of five dollars shall be collected for each vehicle annually registered that is furnished standard radio, FM, and television call plates. Source: L. 2005: Entire article amended with relocations, p. 1115, § 2, effective August 8. Editor's note: This section is similar to former § 42-3-112 as it existed prior to 2005. 42-3-211. Issuance of personalized plates authorized. (1) The department may issue personalized license plates for motor vehicles in accordance with this section. (2) (a) "Personalized license plates", as used in this section, means license plates that have displayed upon them the registration number assigned to the motor vehicle for which such registration number was issued in a combination of letters or numbers requested by the owner of the vehicle, subject to the limitations of this section. (b) "Personalized license plates", as used in this section, includes special license plates that bear the words "street rod" and that may be issued only to a street rod vehicle. (3) (a) Personalized license plates must be the same color and design as regular motor vehicle license plates, must consist of any combination of numbers or letters not exceeding seven positions and not less than two positions except as otherwise provided in section 24-30-2210, C.R.S., and must not conflict with existing passenger, commercial, trailer, motorcycle, or other special license plates series; except that personalized license plates bearing the words "street rod" shall be of a design determined by the executive director of the department, which design shall be different from those used by the state for regular motor vehicle license plates. (b) If number plates issued for vehicles include the county of vehicle registration, a vehicle owner shall have the option of obtaining a personalized license plate that does not include such county designation. (4) Any person who is the registered owner of a motor vehicle registered with the department or who applies to register a motor vehicle or renew personalized license registration of a motor vehicle, upon payment of the fee prescribed in subsection (6) of this section, may apply to the department for personalized license plates in the manner prescribed in this section. Personalized license plates shall be issued for the annual registration period immediately following the year in which the application is made. (5) An applicant for issuance of personalized license plates or renewal of such plates shall apply in such form and by such date as the department may require, indicating thereon the combination of letters or numbers requested as a registration number. There shall be no duplication of registration numbers, and the department may refuse to issue any combination of letters or numbers that carry connotations offensive to good taste and decency, are misleading, or duplicate any other license plates provided for in this article. (6) (a) A fee of thirty-five dollars shall be charged in addition to the registration fee normally due upon the vehicle for the issuance of the same number of personalized license plates for a vehicle as are specified in section 42-3-201 for the issuance of number plates. Upon reissuance of the same personalized license plates in subsequent years, the additional fee shall be twenty-five dollars. Such fee shall be due upon the original issuance or reissuance of Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 224 of 764 Uncertified Printout personalized license plates other than a renewal of registration under paragraph (b) of this subsection (6). (b) The department may provide for renewals of personalized license plates whereby such plates are retained by the applicant in subsequent years upon the payment, in addition to the normal registration fee, of an annual renewal fee of twenty-five dollars for which the department shall provide a distinctive tag or insignia to be affixed to such plates to signify that such vehicle has been properly registered for the year for which such license plate was renewed. (c) The fee for transferring previously issued personalized license plates to another vehicle shall be twelve dollars in addition to other applicable fees. (d) A person who fails to apply for the renewal or transfer of issued personalized license plates according to subsection (5) of this section shall lose the priority right to use the combination of letters or numbers displayed on the personalized license plates. (e) Notwithstanding paragraphs (a) to (d) of this subsection (6), in lieu of such fees, the fee for a license plate that contains only two alphabetic figures and up to four numeric figures shall be the actual cost of issuing such plate. (7) All applications for special registration of motor vehicles shall be made directly to the department, and shall be administered by the department. All fees received from special registrations shall be credited to the highway users tax fund created in section 43-4-201, C.R.S., and allocated and expended as specified in section 43-4-205 (5.5)(b), C.R.S.; except that two dollars of each such special registration fee collected pursuant to paragraphs (a) to (d) of subsection (6) of this section shall be remitted to the county general fund. (8) The executive director of the department may prepare any special forms and issue any rules necessary to implement this section. (9) (a) A person who has been issued personalized license plates may retain the unique combination of letters or numbers of such plate, notwithstanding that the person no longer has a registered motor vehicle, if the person pays an annual fee of twenty-five dollars, which shall be transferred to the highway users tax fund. (b) This subsection (9) shall not be construed to authorize a person to reserve license plates for which no motor vehicle has ever been registered according to this article. This subsection (9) shall not be construed to require the department to send a renewal notice to the person who retains the unique combination of letters or numbers. Source: L. 2005: (9) amended, p. 143, § 10, effective April 5, (9) further amended and relocated to (7), p. 1185, § 40, effective August 8; (9) added, p. 194, § 1, effective April 7; entire article amended with relocations, p. 1115, § 2, effective August 8. L. 2012: (3)(a) amended, (SB 12-170), ch. 207, p. 820, § 2, effective August 8. L. 2016: (3)(a) amended, (HB 16-1362), ch. 319, p. 1296, § 4, effective August 10. Editor's note: (1) This section is similar to former § 42-3-114 as it existed prior to 2005. (2) Section 43 of chapter 270 provides that section 40 of that chapter, which amends § 42-3-114 (9) as amended by section 10 of Senate Bill 05-041 and relocates it to § 42-3-211 (7), shall supersede § 42-3-211 (7) as contained in section 2 of chapter 270 and shall take effect on August 8, 2005. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 225 of 764 Uncertified Printout (3) Subsection (9) was originally numbered as § 42-3-114 (12), and the enactment of it in House Bill 05-1068 was harmonized with § 42-3-211 (9) as it appears in House Bill 05-1107. 42-3-212. Issuance of optional plates authorized - retirement. (1) The department may issue optional license plates for passenger cars or trucks not over sixteen thousand pounds empty weight. (2) Optional license plates shall have a background consisting of a graphic design representing the state flag of Colorado and shall consist of numbers or letters approved in accordance with rules of the department. (3) An applicant may apply for personalized optional license plates. If the applicant complies with section 42-3-211, the department may issue such plates upon payment of the additional fee required by section 42-3-211 (6) for personalized license plates. If the applicant has existing personalized license plates for a motor vehicle, the applicant may transfer the combination of letters or numbers to a new set of optional license plates for the vehicle upon paying the fee imposed by section 42-3-211 (6)(a) and upon turning in such existing plates to the department as required by the department. A person who has obtained personalized optional license plates under this subsection (3) shall pay the annual fee imposed by section 42-3-211 (6)(b) to renew such plates. The fees imposed by this subsection (3) shall be in addition to all other taxes and fees imposed for optional license plates. (4) The amount of the taxes and fees for optional license plates shall be the same as the amount of the taxes and fees specified for regular motor vehicle plates plus an additional annual fee of twenty-five dollars. The additional fee shall be transmitted to the state treasurer, who shall credit the same to the highway users tax fund for allocation and expenditure as specified in section 43-4-205 (5.5)(b), C.R.S. (5) All applications for optional license plates shall be made directly to the department. (6) The executive director of the department may prepare any special forms and issue any rules necessary to implement this section. (7) The optional license plates authorized by this section shall be retired unless such plates have been issued for at least three thousand vehicles by July 1, 2007. Source: L. 2005: (4)(a) amended, p. 143, § 11, effective April 5; entire article amended with relocations, p. 1117, § 2, effective August 8. Editor's note: (1) This section is similar to former § 42-3-115 as it existed prior to 2005. (2) Subsection (4) was originally numbered as § 42-3-115 (4)(a), and the amendments to it in Senate Bill 05-041 were harmonized with § 42-3-212 (4) as it appears in House Bill 051107. 42-3-213. License plates - military veterans - rules - retirement. (1) (a) The department shall issue one or more sets of license plates to the following persons who own a truck that does not exceed sixteen thousand pounds empty weight, a passenger car, a motorcycle, or a noncommercial or recreational vehicle: (I) A recipient of the purple heart; (II) A former prisoner of war; Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 226 of 764 Uncertified Printout (III) An honorably discharged or retired veteran of the armed forces of the United States; (IV) A disabled veteran of the armed forces of the United States; (V) A survivor of the attack on Pearl Harbor; (VI) A recipient of the medal of honor; (VII) An honorably discharged, retired, reserve, or active member of the United States Marine Corps; (VIII) A veteran of the Korean war; (IX) A recipient of a military award for valor; (X) A veteran of the Vietnam war; (XI) An honorably discharged, retired, reserve, or active member of the United States Army; (XII) Effective July 1, 2006, an honorably discharged, retired, reserve, or active member of the United States Navy; (XIII) A recipient of a bronze star medal; (XIV) The current or past spouse, child, sibling, grandparent, or parent of a person who died in the line of duty while serving in the armed forces; (XV) An honorably discharged, retired, reserve, auxiliary, or active member of the United States Coast Guard; (XVI) A serving member or honorably discharged or retired member of any component of the United States Air Force; (XVII) An honorably discharged, retired, reserve, or active member of the special forces of the United States armed forces; (XVIII) A person who supports the North American aerospace defense command; (XIX) On or after January 1, 2009, a person who supports the United States Army fourth infantry division; (XX) A veteran of the Afghanistan war; (XXI) A veteran of the Iraq war; (XXII) A veteran of world war II; (XXIII) A veteran of operation desert shield or desert storm; (XXIV) A recipient of the distinguished flying cross; (XXV) An honorably discharged, retired, reserve, or active member of the Navy SEALs; (XXVI) A natural person who supports the civil air patrol; (XXVII) A natural person who supports the USS Colorado (SSN 788); (XXVIII) An honorably discharged, retired, reserve, or active member of the 10th mountain division of the United States Army; (XXIX) An honorably discharged, retired, reserve, or active member of a submarine crew of the United States Navy; or (XXX) An honorably discharged or retired woman veteran of the United States armed forces. (b) (I) Except as provided in subparagraph (II) of this paragraph (b), the amount of taxes and fees for license plates issued under this section are the same as that specified for regular motor vehicle registration plus an additional one-time issuance or replacement fee. The additional one-time fee is twenty-five dollars and shall be transmitted to the state treasurer, who shall credit it to the highway users tax fund for allocation and expenditure as specified in section 43-4-205 (5.5)(b), C.R.S. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 227 of 764 Uncertified Printout (II) Notwithstanding subparagraph (I) of this paragraph (b): (A) No fee shall be charged for one set of prisoner of war special license plates issued pursuant to subsection (3) of this section for a passenger car, a truck, a motorcycle, or a noncommercial or recreational vehicle. (B) No fee shall be charged for one set of disabled veteran license plates issued under subsection (5) of this section for a passenger car, truck, motorcycle, or noncommercial or recreational vehicle. (C) No fee shall be charged for one set of medal of honor special license plates issued pursuant to subsection (7) of this section for a passenger car, a truck, a motorcycle, or a noncommercial or recreational vehicle. (D) No fee shall be charged for one set of purple heart special license plates issued pursuant to subsection (2) of this section. (E) No fee shall be charged for one set of military valor special license plates issued pursuant to subsection (10) of this section. (F) No fee shall be charged for one set of survivors of the attack on Pearl Harbor special license plates issued pursuant to subsection (6) of this section. (G) The one-time issuance fee imposed pursuant to subparagraph (I) of this paragraph (b) shall not be charged for one set, per applicant, of fallen service member special license plates issued pursuant to subsection (15) of this section. (H) The department shall not charge the one-time issuance fee imposed pursuant to subparagraph (I) of this paragraph (b) for one set, per applicant, of world war II special license plates issued pursuant to subsection (23) of this section. (I) The department shall not charge a fee for one set of distinguished flying cross special license plates issued under subsection (25) of this section if the cross was awarded for valor. (III) Except as provided in subparagraphs (IV) and (V) of this paragraph (b), the fees collected pursuant to this paragraph (b) shall be transmitted to the state treasurer, who shall credit the fees to the highway users tax fund. (IV) One dollar of each additional fee collected from purchasers of license plates issued under subsections (4) and (5) of this section shall be retained by the authorized agent, and one dollar and fifteen cents of each additional fee shall be credited to the special purpose account established under section 42-1-211. (V) One dollar of each additional fee collected from purchasers of license plates issued under subsection (8) of this section shall be retained by the authorized agent. (c) All applications for the license plates described in this section shall be made directly to the department and shall include such information as the department may require. (d) The executive director of the department may prepare such special forms and issue such rules as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this section. (e) Notwithstanding the weight limitation imposed by paragraph (a) of this subsection (1), a natural person eligible for a military veteran special license plate issued pursuant to this section may apply for such a license plate for a motor home, as defined in section 42-1-102 (57), upon the payment of the fees or taxes required by this article. (f) A person who meets the conditions stated in subparagraph (XIV) of paragraph (a) of this subsection (1) is authorized to be issued a fallen service member special license plate. Except as provided by sub-subparagraph (G) of subparagraph (II) of paragraph (b) of this subsection (1), this paragraph (f) shall not be construed to authorize the spouse, child, sibling, Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 228 of 764 Uncertified Printout grandparent, or parent to receive a license plate without paying the applicable fees or if such plate signifies more than that the deceased served in a branch of the armed forces. (g) The department shall issue a license plate authorized under this section for a motor vehicle owned by a trust if: (I) The trust is created for the benefit of a natural person who is qualified to receive the license plate under paragraph (a) of this subsection (1); and (II) The trust name includes a natural person who is qualified to receive the license plate under paragraph (a) of this subsection (1). (h) If an applicant for a military license plate issued under this section demonstrates a physical impairment affecting mobility under the standards provided in section 42-3-204 (1), the department shall issue a military license plate with an additional identifying figure, as defined in section 42-3-204 (1)(e), to indicate that the vehicle is authorized to transport a person who is eligible to use reserved parking under section 42-4-1208. (2) Recipient of a purple heart. (a) The purple heart special license plate shall be designed to indicate that an owner of a motor vehicle to which such license plate is attached is a recipient of the purple heart. (b) A natural person who has been awarded a purple heart for wounds received in combat at the hands of an enemy of the United States may use a purple heart special license plate. When applying for such a license plate, the applicant shall submit to the department a letter of verification from the appropriate branch of the armed forces of the United States that the applicant has been awarded a purple heart. (3) Former prisoner of war. (a) The former prisoner of war special license plate shall be designed to indicate that an owner of a motor vehicle to which such license plate is attached is a former prisoner of war. (b) A natural person who, while serving in the armed forces of the United States, was incarcerated by an enemy of the United States during a period of conflict with the United States may use the former prisoner of war special license plate. (c) If a deceased former prisoner of war was authorized under this section to use a former prisoner of war special license plate, the surviving spouse of such former prisoner of war may apply to the department to retain any set or sets of such special plates that such former prisoner of war had obtained. Such surviving spouse shall be eligible to use such special plates upon the payment of any fees or taxes required by this article. (4) Honorably discharged or retired veteran of the U.S. armed forces. (a) The veteran of the United States armed forces special license plate shall indicate that an owner of a motor vehicle to which such plate is attached is a veteran of the armed forces of the United States. (b) A natural person who has received an honorable discharge or is retired from a branch of the armed services of the United States may use a veteran of the United States armed forces special license plate. When applying for such a license plate, an applicant shall submit as proof of honorable discharge either a department of defense form 214 or an honorable discharge from an armed forces branch of the United States. (5) Disabled veterans. (a) (I) The disabled veteran license plate shall indicate that the owner of the motor vehicle to which the license plate is attached is a disabled veteran of the United States armed forces. (II) Repealed. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 229 of 764 Uncertified Printout (b) A natural person who has received an honorable discharge from a branch of the armed services of the United States and meets the requirements of section 42-3-304 (3)(a) may use a disabled veteran license plate. When applying for such a license plate, the applicant shall submit proof of honorable discharge from an armed forces branch of the United States. (c) License plates qualifying for the exemption granted in sub-subparagraph (B) of subparagraph (II) of paragraph (b) of subsection (1) of this section shall be issued only by the department and shall bear the inscription "D.V.", and a separate number series shall be used for such license plates. Additional license plates bearing such inscription may be issued by the department to eligible persons upon the payment of any fees or taxes required by this article. (6) Survivors of the attack on Pearl Harbor. (a) The survivors of the attack on Pearl Harbor special license plates shall be designed to indicate that the owner of the motor vehicle to which such license plates are attached is a survivor of the attack on Pearl Harbor. (b) Any natural person may use a survivors of the attack on Pearl Harbor special license plate if such person: (I) Was a member of the United States armed forces on December 7, 1941; (II) Was on station on December 7, 1941, during the hours of 7:55 a.m. to 9:45 a.m. Hawaii time at Pearl Harbor, the island of Oahu, or offshore at a distance not to exceed three miles therefrom; (III) Received an honorable discharge from the United States armed forces; and (IV) Holds a current membership in a national organization of survivors of the attack on Pearl Harbor. (7) Recipient of a medal of honor. (a) The department shall design the medal of honor special license plate to indicate that an owner of a motor vehicle to which such license plate is attached is a recipient of the medal of honor. (b) A natural person who has been awarded a medal of honor may use a medal of honor special license plate. When applying for such a license plate, the applicant shall submit to the department a letter of verification from the appropriate branch of the armed forces of the United States that the applicant has been awarded a medal of honor. (8) Honorably discharged, retired veteran, or active member of the U.S. Marine Corps. (a) The United States Marine Corps special license plate shall indicate that an owner of a motor vehicle to which such plate is attached is a veteran, reserve member, or an active member of the United States Marine Corps. (b) A natural person who has received an honorable discharge, is retired, or is an active or reserve member of the United States Marine Corps may use a United States Marine Corps special license plate. When applying for such a license plate, an applicant shall submit proof of an honorable discharge or proof that the applicant is currently an active or reserve member of the United States Marine Corps. (9) Veteran of the Korean war. (a) The veteran of the Korean war special license plate shall be designed to indicate that the owner of the motor vehicle to which such license plate is attached is a veteran of the Korean war. (b) A natural person may use a veteran of the Korean war special license plate if such person was a member of the United States armed forces between June 27, 1950, and January 31, 1955. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 230 of 764 Uncertified Printout (10) Recipient of a military valor award. (a) The military valor special license plate shall be designed to indicate that an owner of a motor vehicle bearing such license plate has received a military award for valor. (b) A natural person who has been awarded a military award for valor may use a military valor special license plate. When applying for such a license plate, the applicant shall submit to the department a copy of the military order awarding the military award for valor. (c) For the purposes of this section,"military award for valor" or "military valor award" means the following awards: (I) Navy cross; (II) Distinguished service cross; (III) Air Force cross; or (IV) Silver star. (11) Veteran of the Vietnam war. (a) The veteran of the Vietnam war special license plate shall be designed to indicate that the owner of the motor vehicle to which such license plate is attached is a veteran of the Vietnam war. (b) A natural person may use a veteran of the Vietnam war special license plate if the person was a member of the United States armed services between August 7, 1964, and May 7, 1975. (c) The department or an authorized agent shall not issue a veteran of the Vietnam war special license plate to an applicant until the applicant provides a DD214 form issued by the United States government or other evidence sufficient to demonstrate that the applicant is a veteran of the armed services who served between August 7, 1964, and May 7, 1975. (12) Honorably discharged, retired veteran, reserve, or active member of the United States Army. (a) The United States Army special license plate shall be designed to indicate that the owner of the motor vehicle to which such license plate is attached is an honorably discharged, retired, reserve, or active member of the United States Army. (b) A natural person may use a United States Army special license plate if such person is an honorably discharged, retired, reserve, or active member of the United States Army. (c) The department or an authorized agent shall not issue an United States Army special license plate to an applicant until the applicant provides a DD214 form issued by the United States government or other evidence sufficient to demonstrate that the applicant is an honorably discharged, retired, reserve, or active member of the United States Army. (d) Repealed. (13) Honorably discharged, retired veteran, or active member of the United States Navy. (a) The United States Navy special license plate shall indicate that an owner of a motor vehicle to which such plate is attached is a veteran, a reserve member, or an active member of the United States Navy. (b) A natural person who has received an honorable discharge, is retired, or is an active or reserve member of the United States Navy shall be authorized to use a United States Navy special license plate. When applying for such a license plate, an applicant shall submit a DD214 form issued by the United States government or other evidence sufficient to demonstrate that the applicant has an honorable discharge or proof that the applicant is currently an active or reserve member of the United States Navy. (c) This subsection (13) shall take effect July 1, 2006. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 231 of 764 Uncertified Printout (14) Recipient of a bronze star medal. (a) The bronze star special license plate shall be designed to indicate that an owner of a motor vehicle bearing such license plate has received a bronze star medal. The bronze star for valor license plate shall be designed to indicate that an owner of a motor vehicle bearing such license plate has received the bronze star medal with the "V" for valor distinction. (b) On or after January 1, 2007, a natural person who has been awarded a bronze star may use a bronze star special license plate. A natural person who has been awarded a bronze star with the "V" for valor distinction may use a bronze star for valor special license plate. When applying for such a license plate, the applicant shall submit to the department a copy of the military order awarding the bronze star and a DD214 form issued by the United States government showing that the award was received by the applicant. (15) Fallen service member special license plate. (a) The fallen service member special license plate shall be designed to indicate that the owner of the motor vehicle to which the plate is attached is a family member of a person who died in the line of duty while serving in the armed forces. The plate shall bear the word "fallen" and the title of a person who serves in the branch of the armed forces in which the deceased served. (b) A person who meets the conditions stated in subparagraph (XIV) of paragraph (a) of subsection (1) of this section may use a fallen service member special license plate. The department or an authorized agent shall not issue a fallen service member special license plate to an applicant until the applicant provides a DD214 form issued by the United States government and other evidence sufficient to demonstrate that the applicant is qualified to be issued the plate as determined by the department. (16) Honorably discharged, retired veteran, auxiliary, or active member of the United States Coast Guard. (a) The United States Coast Guard special license plate shall indicate that an owner of a motor vehicle to which such plate is attached is a veteran, a reserve member, an auxiliary member, or an active member of the United States Coast Guard. (b) On or after January 1, 2008, a natural person who has received an honorable discharge, is retired, or is an active, auxiliary, or reserve member of the United States Coast Guard shall be authorized to use a United States Coast Guard special license plate. (c) When applying for such a license plate, an applicant shall submit a DD214 form issued by the United States government or other evidence sufficient to demonstrate that the applicant has an honorable discharge or proof that the applicant is currently an active, auxiliary, or reserve member of the United States Coast Guard. (17) Honorably discharged, retired veteran, or active member of the United States Air Force. (a) Beginning January 1, 2008, the United States Air Force special license plate shall indicate that an owner of a motor vehicle to which such plate is attached is a veteran, reserve member, or active member of the United States Air Force. (b) A natural person who has received an honorable discharge, is retired, or is an active or reserve member of any component of the United States Air Force shall be authorized to use a United States Air Force special license plate. (c) When applying for such a license plate, an applicant shall submit a DD214 form issued by the United States government or other evidence sufficient to demonstrate that the applicant is a veteran, reserve member, or active member of any component of the United States Air Force. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 232 of 764 Uncertified Printout (18) Honorably discharged, retired veteran, or active member of the United States Army special forces. (a) The United States Army special forces license plate shall indicate that an owner of a motor vehicle to which such plate is attached is a veteran, a reserve member, or an active member of the special forces of the United States Army. (b) Beginning January 1, 2008, a natural person who has received an honorable discharge or is an active or reserve member of the United States Army special forces may use a United States Army special forces license plate. When applying for such a license plate, an applicant shall submit: (I) Proof of an honorable discharge or retirement or proof that the applicant is currently an active or reserve member of the United States Army special forces; (II) Orders or a DD214 form that shows an awarded prefix "3" or a designation of "5G", 18/180 series MOS, special forces tab, OSS, or UNPIK-8240. (19) North American aerospace defense command commemorative special license plate. (a) The North American aerospace defense command commemorative special license plate shall be designed to indicate that the owner of the motor vehicle to which the license plate is attached wishes to commemorate the North American aerospace defense command's fiftieth anniversary. (b) The department shall issue North American aerospace defense command commemorative special license plates until January 1, 2010, or when the available inventory is depleted, whichever is later. This paragraph (b) shall not be deemed to prohibit the use of the plate after January 1, 2010, nor to require the plate to be recalled by the department. (20) Honorably discharged, retired veteran, reserve, or active member of the United States Army - fourth infantry division. The United States Army fourth infantry division special license plate shall be designed to indicate that the owner of the motor vehicle to which such license plate is attached supports the United States Army fourth infantry division. (21) Veteran of the Afghanistan war. (a) The veteran of the Afghanistan war special license plate shall be designed to indicate that the owner of the motor vehicle to which such license plate is attached is a veteran of the Afghanistan war. (b) Effective January 1, 2011, a natural person may use a veteran of the Afghanistan war special license plate if such person was a member of the United States armed services between October 7, 2001, and the end of the conflict. (c) The department or an authorized agent shall not issue a veteran of the Afghanistan war special license plate to an applicant until the applicant provides a DD214 form issued by the United States government or other evidence sufficient to demonstrate that the applicant is a veteran of the armed services who served between October 7, 2001, and the end of the conflict. (22) Veteran of the Iraq war. (a) The veteran of the Iraq war special license plate shall be designed to indicate that the owner of the motor vehicle to which such license plate is attached is a veteran of the Iraq war. (b) Effective January 1, 2011, a natural person may use a veteran of the Iraq war special license plate if such person was a member of the United States armed services between March 20, 2003, and the end of the conflict. (c) The department or an authorized agent shall not issue a veteran of the Iraq war special license plate to an applicant until the applicant provides a DD214 form issued by the United States government or other evidence sufficient to demonstrate that the applicant is a veteran of the armed services who served between March 20, 2003, and the end of the conflict. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 233 of 764 Uncertified Printout (23) Veteran of world war II. (a) The department shall design the veteran of world war II special license plate to indicate that the owner of the motor vehicle to which the license plate is attached is a veteran of world war II. (b) Effective January 1, 2012, a natural person may use a world war II special license plate if the person was a member of the United States armed services between September 16, 1940, and July 25, 1947. (c) The department or an authorized agent shall not issue a world war II special license plate to an applicant until the applicant provides a DD214 form issued by the United States government or other evidence sufficient to demonstrate that the applicant is a veteran of the armed services who served between September 16, 1940, and July 25, 1947. (24) Veteran of operation desert shield or desert storm. (a) The department shall design the veteran of operation desert shield or desert storm license plate to indicate that the owner of the motor vehicle to which the license plate is attached is a veteran of operation desert shield or desert storm. (b) Effective January 1, 2013, a natural person may use an operation desert shield or desert storm license plate if the person was a member of the United States armed services between August 2, 1990, and February 28, 1991. (c) The department or an authorized agent shall not issue an operation desert shield or desert storm license plate to an applicant until the applicant provides a DD214 form issued by the United States government or other evidence sufficient to demonstrate that the applicant is a veteran of the armed services who served between August 2, 1990, and February 28, 1991. (25) Recipient of a distinguished flying cross. (a) The department shall design a special license plate to indicate that the owner of a motor vehicle to which the license plate is attached has received the distinguished flying cross. (b) A natural person who has been awarded a distinguished flying cross may use a distinguished flying cross special license plate. When applying for the license plate, the applicant shall submit to the department a copy of the military order awarding the distinguished flying cross or any other evidence the department may accept. (26) Honorably discharged, retired veteran, or active member of the Navy SEALs. (a) The department shall design the Navy SEAL license plate to indicate that an owner of a motor vehicle to which the plate is attached is a veteran, a reserve member, or an active member of the United States Navy SEALs. (b) A natural person who has received an honorable discharge, is retired, or is an active or reserve member of the United States Navy SEALs may use a United States Navy SEALs license plate. To qualify for the license plate, an applicant must submit a DD214 form issued by the United States government and a certification from the UDT/SEAL association, inc., the Rocky Mountain chapter of the UDT/SEAL association, inc., or a successor organization that the applicant has an honorable discharge from, is retired from, or is currently an active or reserve member of the Navy SEALs. (27) Member of the civil air patrol. (a) The department of military affairs may design the civil air patrol license plate if the design conforms with standards established by the department and indicates that an owner of a motor vehicle to which the plate is attached supports the civil air patrol. (b) A natural person who supports the civil air patrol may use a civil air patrol license plate. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 234 of 764 Uncertified Printout (28) USS Colorado. (a) The department of military affairs may design the USS Colorado (SSN 788) license plate if the design conforms with standards established by the department. The plate must indicate that an owner of a motor vehicle to which the plate is attached supports the USS Colorado submarine. (b) A natural person who supports the USS Colorado (SSN 788) may use USS Colorado license plate. (29) Veteran, reserve member, or active member of the 10th mountain division of the United States Army. (a) The department shall design the "10th mountain division" license plate to indicate that an owner of a motor vehicle to which the plate is attached is a veteran, a reserve member, or an active member of the 10th mountain division of the United States Army. (b) A natural person who meets the conditions established in subparagraph (XXVIII) of paragraph (a) of subsection (1) of this section may use a "10th mountain division" license plate. To qualify for the license plate, an applicant must submit a DD214 form issued by the United States government or other evidence sufficient to demonstrate that the applicant is a veteran, a reserve member, or an active member of the 10th mountain division of the United States Army. (c) By January 1, 2016, the department shall require each holder of a "10th mountain division" license plate to either submit the evidence of qualification required by paragraph (b) of this subsection (29) or return the plate to the department. (30) Honorably discharged, retired veteran, or reserve or active member of the United States Navy submarine service. (a) Beginning January 1, 2019, the department shall design the submarine service license plate to indicate that an owner of a motor vehicle to which the plate is attached is a veteran, reserve member, or active member of the submarine service of the United States Navy. (b) A natural person who has received an honorable discharge from, is retired from, or is an active or reserve member of the submarine service may use a submarine service license plate. (c) To qualify for a submarine service license plate, an applicant must submit a DD214 form issued by the United States government or other evidence sufficient to demonstrate that the applicant is a veteran, reserve member, or active member of the submarine service of the United States Navy. (31) Honorably discharged or retired woman veteran of the United States armed forces. (a) The United States woman veteran license plate must indicate that an owner of a motor vehicle to which the plate is attached is a woman veteran of the United States armed forces. (b) A woman who has received an honorable discharge from, or is retired from, the United States armed forces is authorized to use a United States woman veteran license plate. When applying for the license plate, an applicant must submit a DD214 form issued by the United States government or other evidence sufficient to demonstrate that the applicant is a woman and has an honorable discharge from, or is retired from, the United States armed forces. (c) The department shall begin issuing the United States woman veteran license plate on the earlier of January 1, 2020, or when the department is able to begin issuing the plate. Source: L. 2005: (1)(b)(I) amended, p. 143, § 12, effective April 5; (1)(a)(XII) and (13) added, p. 664, §§ 1, 2, effective August 8; entire article amended with relocations, p. 1118, § 2, effective August 8. L. 2006: (1)(a)(XIII) and (14) added, p. 1685, §§ 1, 2, effective August 7; IP(1)(a) amended and (1)(a)(XIV), (1)(f), and (15) added, pp. 1752, 1753, §§ 1, 2, 3, effective Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 235 of 764 Uncertified Printout January 1, 2007; (1)(b)(II)(E) and (1)(b)(II)(F) added, p. 920, § 1, effective January 1, 2007. L. 2007: (1)(a)(XIV) and (1)(f) amended and (1)(a)(XVII), (1)(b)(II)(G), and (18) added, pp. 1320, 1321, §§ 1, 4, 3, 2, effective August 3; (1)(a)(XV) and (16) added, p. 666, §§ 1, 2, effective August 3; (1)(a)(XVI) and (17) added, p. 2088, §§ 1, 2, effective August 3; (9)(b) amended, p. 433, § 1, effective August 3. L. 2008: (1)(a)(XVIII) and (19) added, p. 912, §§ 1, 2, effective July 1; (1)(a)(XIX) and (20) added, p. 1026, §§ 1, 2, effective August 5; (1)(g) added, p. 2273, § 5, effective January 1, 2009. L. 2010: (1)(a)(XX), (1)(a)(XXI), (21), and (22) added, (HB 101139), ch. 236, p. 1032, §§ 1, 2, effective August 11; (5)(a)(II) amended, (HB 10-1019), ch. 400, p. 1930, § 7, effective January 1, 2011. L. 2011: (1)(a)(XXII), (1)(b)(II)(H), and (23) added, (SB 11-037), ch. 126, p. 392, §§ 1, 2, 3, effective August 10. L. 2012: (1)(a)(XXI) and (1)(a)(XXII) amended and (1)(a)(XXIII) and (24) added, (HB 12-1162), ch. 150, p. 539, § 1, effective August 8; (1)(a)(XXIV) and (25) added, (HB 12-1153), ch. 145, p. 524, § 1, effective August 8. L. 2013: (1)(a)(XXV) and (26) added, (SB 13-120), ch. 387, p. 2256, § 1, effective August 7; (1)(a)(XXVI) and (27) added, (SB 13-060), ch. 213, p. 890, § 1, effective August 7. L. 2014: IP(1)(a), (1)(b)(I), (1)(b)(II)(B), (1)(b)(IV), (1)(b)(V), (1)(c), (1)(g), (5)(a), and (5)(b) amended, (HB 14-1029), ch. 252, p. 1004, § 4, effective July 1; (1)(a)(XIV) and (15)(a) amended, (SB 14132), ch. 179, p. 654, § 1, effective August 6; (1)(a)(XXV) and (1)(a)(XXVI) amended and (1)(a)(XXVII) and (28) added, (SB14-041), ch. 321, p. 1402, § 1, effective August 6; (1)(a)(XXV) and (1)(a)(XXVI) amended and (1)(a)(XXVIII) and (29) added, (HB 14-1089), ch. 189, p. 706, § 2, effective August 6; (1)(b)(II)(I) added, (SB 14-030), ch. 263, p. 1056, § 1, effective August 6. L. 2015: (1)(h) added and (5)(a)(II) repealed, (HB 15-1026), ch. 231, p. 860, § 4, effective August 5. L. 2017: (18)(b)(II) amended, (HB 17-1149), ch. 102, p. 378, § 2, effective August 9. L. 2018: (1)(a)(XXIX) and (30) added, (HB 18-1244), ch. 358, p. 2122, § 2, effective August 8; (11)(b) and (11)(c) amended, (HB 18-1361), ch. 342, p. 2035, § 1, effective August 8. L. 2019: (1)(a)(XXVIII) and (1)(a)(XXIX) amended and (1)(a)(XXX) and (31) added, (SB 19-205), ch. 220, p. 2245, § 1, effective August 2. Editor's note: (1) This section is similar to former § 42-3-115.5 as it existed prior to 2005. (2) Subsection (1)(a)(XII) was originally numbered as § 42-3-115.5 (1)(a)(XI) in House Bill 05-1313 and was harmonized with § 42-3-213 (1)(a)(XII) as it appears in House Bill 051107. Subsection (1)(b)(I) was originally numbered as § 42-3-115.5 (1)(c)(I) in Senate Bill 05041 and was harmonized with § 42-3-213 (1)(b)(I) as it appears in House Bill 05-1107. Subsection (13) was originally numbered as § 42-3-115.5 (12) in House Bill 05-1313 and was harmonized with § 42-3-213 (13) as it appears in House Bill 05-1107. (3) Subsection (1)(a)(XIV) was originally numbered as (1)(a)(XIII) in House Bill 061072 but has been renumbered on revision for ease of location. Subsection (15) was originally numbered as (14) in House Bill 06-1072 but has been renumbered on revision for ease of location. (4) Subsection (12)(d)(II) provided for the repeal of subsection (12)(d), effective July 1, 2007. (See L. 2005, p. 1118.) Cross references: For the legislative declaration in HB 17-1149, see section 1 of chapter 102, Session Laws of Colorado 2017. For the legislative declaration in HB 18-1244, see section 1 of chapter 358, Session Laws of Colorado 2018. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 236 of 764 Uncertified Printout 42-3-214. Special plates - alumni associations - retirement. (1) The department shall issue one or more sets of special alumni license plates to applicants under this section for passenger cars or trucks that do not exceed sixteen thousand pounds empty weight. For the purposes of this section, recreational vehicles that do not exceed sixteen thousand pounds empty weight shall be classified as passenger cars. (2) (a) An alumni association for a private or public college or university located within Colorado may apply directly to the department for the establishment of a special license plate for the alumni association. The department shall accept applications to establish special alumni license plates annually according to the schedule established by the department. An alumni association shall not apply for a license plate until the alumni association has commitments for license plate purchases from at least five hundred persons and provides a list of the names and addresses of such persons to the department. (b) An alumni association applying for the establishment of a special alumni license plate is responsible for all costs of designing such plate and shall pay such costs before the license plate is produced. Any design for a special alumni license plate shall conform with standards established by the department and shall be approved by the department. (c) For the purpose of this section, "college or university" means an institution of higher education that offers at least a bachelor degree in an educational program and that is accredited by a nationally recognized accrediting agency or association. (3) (a) A person may apply for a special alumni license plate for a motor vehicle if the person pays the taxes and fees required under this section and provides the department or authorized agent a certificate issued by the alumni association confirming that such person meets the qualifications for the license plate established by the alumni association pursuant to paragraph (b) of this subsection (3). The department shall prepare a certificate form to be used by alumni associations when confirming that a person is eligible to obtain special alumni license plates. (b) An alumni association may establish the following qualifications to use the special alumni license plates: (I) Membership in the alumni association; or (II) Specified levels of contributions to the college or university. (III) (Deleted by amendment, L. 2008, p. 1286, § 1, effective May 27, 2008.) (c) An alumni association establishing qualifications to use special license plates shall set a one-time fee to qualify for the special license plates, which fee shall be used for the following purposes: (I) Scholarships for students attending the university or college; or (II) Support of academic programs at the university or college. (4) The amount of the taxes and fees for special alumni license plates under this section is the same as the amount of the taxes and fees specified for regular motor vehicle license plates plus a one-time fee of twenty-five dollars for each motor vehicle to issue or replace such license plates. The department shall transmit the additional one-time fee to the state treasurer, who shall credit the fee to the highway users tax fund for allocation and expenditure as specified in section 43-4-205 (5.5)(b), C.R.S. (5) An applicant may apply for personalized special alumni license plates. Upon payment of the additional fee required by section 42-3-211 (6)(a) for personalized license plates, the department may issue such plates if the applicant complies with section 42-3-211. If any Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 237 of 764 Uncertified Printout applicant has existing personalized license plates for a motor vehicle, the applicant may transfer the combination of letters or numbers to a new set of special alumni license plates for the vehicle upon paying the fee imposed by section 42-3-211 (6)(a) and upon turning such existing plates in to the department as required by the department. A person who has obtained personalized special alumni license plates under this subsection (5) shall pay the annual fee imposed by section 42-3211 (6)(b) for renewal of such personalized plates. The fees under this subsection (5) are in addition to all other taxes and fees imposed for the special alumni license plates. (6) Special alumni license plates shall be renewed in the same manner as other license plates under section 42-3-113 or, for personalized plates, under section 42-3-211. (7) The department shall retire the special alumni license plates authorized by this section unless the plates have been issued for at least five hundred vehicles by July 1, 2016. A person who was issued a special alumni license plate on or before July 1, 2016, may continue to use the plate after July 1, 2016. Source: L. 2005: (4) amended, p. 144, § 13, effective April 5; entire article amended with relocations, p. 1124, § 2, effective August 8. L. 2007: (7) amended, p. 1986, § 2, effective June 1. L. 2008: IP(3)(b), (3)(b)(III), and (7) amended and (3)(c) added, p. 1286, § 1, effective May 27. L. 2011: (7) amended, (HB 11-1236), ch. 98, p. 286, § 2, effective April 8. Editor's note: (1) This section is similar to former § 42-3-115.7 as it existed prior to 2005. (2) Subsection (4) was originally numbered as § 42-3-115.7 (5)(a), and the amendments to it in Senate Bill 05-041 were harmonized with § 42-3-214 (4) as it appears in House Bill 051107. 42-3-215. Special plates - United States olympic committee - retirement. (Repealed) Source: L. 2005: (4)(a) amended, p. 144, § 14, effective April 5; entire article amended with relocations, p. 1126, § 2, effective August 8. L. 2013: Entire section repealed, (SB 13-081), ch. 114, p. 390, § 2, effective April 8. Editor's note: This section was similar to former § 42-3-115.8 as it existed prior to 2005. 42-3-216. Special plates - Colorado foundation for agriculture and natural resources - definitions - retirement. (Repealed) Source: L. 2005: (5)(a) amended, p. 144, § 15, effective April 5; entire article amended with relocations, p. 1127, § 2, effective August 8. L. 2007: (7) amended, p. 1986, § 3, effective June 1. L. 2013: Entire section repealed, (SB 13-081), ch. 114, p. 391, § 3, effective April 8. Editor's note: This section was similar to former § 42-3-116.5 as it existed prior to 2005. 42-3-217. Special plates - Colorado commission of Indian affairs. (1) The department shall issue one or more sets of special license plates to applicants under this section for passenger cars, motorcycles, or trucks that do not exceed sixteen thousand pounds empty Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 238 of 764 Uncertified Printout weight. The American Indian special license plate shall not be issued for motorcycles until January 1, 2007. (2) (a) There is hereby established the American Indian special license plate. The department may begin issuance of such special license plate when the Rocky Mountain Indian chamber of commerce has commitments for special license plate purchases for at least two thousand special license plates and provides a list of the names and addresses of persons purchasing such plates to the department. (b) The Rocky Mountain Indian chamber of commerce is responsible for the costs of designing the special license plate and shall pay such costs before the license plate is produced. The design for the special license plate shall conform with standards established by the department. (3) (a) A person may apply for an American Indian special license plate for a motor vehicle if the person pays the taxes and fees required under this section and provides a certificate issued by the Rocky Mountain Indian chamber of commerce confirming that such person meets the qualifications for the license plate established pursuant to this subsection (3). (b) The Colorado commission of Indian affairs shall establish a specific level of contribution to a scholarship fund that qualifies a person to obtain special license plates under this section and shall set appropriate qualifications in order for an applicant to receive a scholarship. The scholarship fund shall be administered by a nonprofit organization, association, or corporation selected and supervised by the Colorado commission of Indian affairs. Such scholarship shall not be awarded to an applicant unless the applicant can demonstrate that he or she is a Colorado resident and such scholarship will be used to attend an institution of higher education within Colorado. Such nonprofit organization shall issue a report to the Colorado commission of Indian affairs accounting for revenues and expenditures at least every other year. (4) The amount of the taxes and fees for special license plates under this section is the same as the amount of the taxes and fees specified for regular motor vehicle license plates plus a one-time fee of twenty-five dollars for each motor vehicle for issuing or replacing such license plates. The department shall transmit the additional one-time fee to the state treasurer, who shall credit the same to the highway users tax fund, created in section 43-4-201, C.R.S., for allocation and expenditure as specified in section 43-4-205 (5.5)(b), C.R.S. (5) On or after January 1, 2007, an applicant may apply for personalized American Indian special license plates. If the applicant complies with section 42-3-211, the department may issue such plates upon payment of the additional fee required by section 42-3-211 (6) for personalized license plates. If the applicant has existing personalized license plates for a motor vehicle, the applicant may transfer the combination of letters or numbers to a new set of American Indian special license plates for the vehicle upon paying the fee imposed by section 42-3-211 (6)(a) and upon turning such existing plates in to the department as required by the department. A person who has obtained personalized license plates under this subsection (5) shall pay the annual fee imposed by section 42-3-211 (6)(b) to renew such plates. The fees imposed by this subsection (5) shall be in addition to all other taxes and fees imposed for license plates issued pursuant to this section. (6) Special license plates issued under this section shall be renewed in the same manner as other license plates under section 42-3-113 or, for personalized plates, under section 42-3211. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 239 of 764 Uncertified Printout Source: L. 2005: (4) amended, p. 144, § 16, effective April 5; entire article amended with relocations, p. 1129, § 2, effective August 8. Editor's note: (1) This section is similar to former § 42-3-116.7 as it existed prior to 2005. (2) Subsection (4) was originally numbered as § 42-3-116.7 (5), and the amendments to it in Senate Bill 05-041 were harmonized with § 42-3-217 (4) as it appears in House Bill 051107. 42-3-217.5. Special plates - breast cancer awareness - retirement. (1) There is hereby established the breast cancer awareness special license plate. The department shall issue breast cancer special license plates to applicants for passenger cars, trucks, or motorcycles that do not exceed sixteen thousand pounds empty weight. (2) The department shall work with interested parties to design the breast cancer awareness special license plate. The design for the special license plate shall conform with standards established by the department. (3) (a) A person may apply for a breast cancer awareness special license plate if the person pays the taxes and fees required under this section. (b) The amount of the taxes and fees for special license plates issued under this section is the same as the amount of the taxes and fees specified for regular motor vehicle license plates; except that the department shall collect a one-time fee of twenty-five dollars for issuing or replacing each such special license plate. The department shall transmit the additional one-time fee to the state treasurer, who shall credit the same to the highway users tax fund for allocation and expenditure as specified in section 43-4-201, C.R.S. (c) In addition to the taxes and fees specified in paragraph (b) of this subsection (3), a person applying for a new or replacement breast cancer awareness special license plate shall pay a surcharge of twenty-five dollars. A person applying on or before June 30, 2012, to renew a breast cancer awareness special license plate shall have the option to pay the twenty-five dollar surcharge but shall not be required to pay the surcharge in order to renew the special plate. On or after July 1, 2012, a person applying to renew a breast cancer awareness special license plate shall pay the twenty-five dollar surcharge required by this paragraph (c). The department shall transmit the surcharge to the state treasurer, who shall credit the surcharge to the breast and cervical cancer prevention and treatment fund created in section 25.5-5-308 (8)(a), C.R.S. (4) Any renewal of a special license plate issued under this section shall be handled in the same manner as other license plates under the provisions of section 42-3-113 or, for personalized plates, under the provisions of section 42-3-211. (5) An applicant may apply for personalized breast cancer awareness special plates. If the applicant complies with the requirements of section 42-3-211, the department may issue such plates upon payment of the additional fee required by section 42-3-211 (6) for personalized license plates. If the applicant has existing personalized license plates for a motor vehicle, the applicant may transfer the combination of letters or numbers to a new set of breast cancer awareness special license plates for the vehicle upon paying the fee imposed by section 42-3-211 (6) and upon turning in such existing plates to the department. A person who has obtained personalized license plates under this subsection (5) shall pay the annual fee imposed by section Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 240 of 764 Uncertified Printout 42-3-211 (6) to renew such plates. The fees imposed by this subsection (5) shall be in addition to all other taxes and fees imposed for breast cancer awareness special license plates. (6) and (7) Repealed. Source: L. 2005: Entire section added, p. 724, § 1, effective August 8. L. 2006: (3)(b), (4), and (5) amended, p. 1511, § 70, effective June 1. L. 2008: (7) added, p. 229, § 2, effective August 5. L. 2009: (3)(c) added and (6) and (7) repealed, (HB 09-1164), ch. 215, pp. 972, 973, §§ 2, 3, effective May 2. L. 2014:(3)(c) amended, (HB 14-1045), ch. 137, p. 471, § 3, effective July 1. Editor's note: Amendments to § 42-3-116.8 by House Bill 05-1247 were harmonized with House Bill 05-1107 and relocated to § 42-3-217.5. Cross references: For the legislative declaration in HB 09-1164, see section 1 of chapter 215, Session Laws of Colorado 2009. 42-3-218. Special plates - active and retired members of the Colorado National Guard - retirement. (1) The department shall issue special license plates for a passenger car or a truck that does not exceed sixteen thousand pounds empty weight owned by an active or retired member of the Colorado National Guard, as defined in section 28-3-101 (12), C.R.S. (2) (a) The special license plates must have a white background with blue lettering and must be of a design determined by the executive director of the department. The plates indicate that the owner of the motor vehicle is a member of the Colorado National Guard. (b) If an applicant for a Colorado National Guard license plate under this section demonstrates a physical impairment affecting mobility under the standards provided in section 42-3-204 (1), the department shall issue a Colorado National Guard license plate with an additional identifying figure, as defined in section 42-3-204 (1)(e), to indicate that the vehicle is authorized to transport a person who is eligible to use reserved parking under section 42-4-1208. (3) A natural person who is an active or retired member of the Colorado National Guard may use the special license plates provided for by this section. (4) The amount of taxes and fees for such special license plates shall be the same as the amount of taxes and fees specified for regular motor vehicle registration plus an additional onetime fee of twenty-five dollars. The additional fee shall be transmitted to the state treasurer, who shall credit the fee to the highway users tax fund for allocation and expenditure as specified in section 43-4-205 (5.5)(b), C.R.S. (5) Applications for special license plates provided for in this section shall include such information as the department may require. At the time of application, the applicant shall submit a proof of eligibility form prepared by the department of military and veterans affairs verifying active or retired status. If the owner of a vehicle registered pursuant to this section ceases to be an active member of the Colorado National Guard and has not qualified for retirement from the Colorado National Guard, such person shall return the special license plates to the department upon expiration of the registration. Upon retiring from the Colorado National Guard, a person wishing to retain such special license plates shall submit a verification of retired status that is issued by the department of military and veterans affairs to establish eligibility for retention of Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 241 of 764 Uncertified Printout the plates. A retired member of the Colorado National Guard is required to verify retired status only once under this section. (6) The executive director of the department may prepare any special forms and issue such rules as may be necessary to implement this section. Source: L. 2005: (4) amended, p. 145, § 17, effective April 5; entire article amended with relocations, p. 1130, § 2, effective August 8. L. 2015: (2) amended, (HB 15-1026), ch. 231, p. 860, § 5, effective August 5. Editor's note: (1) This section is similar to former § 42-3-117 as it existed prior to 2005. (2) Subsection (4) was originally numbered as § 42-3-117 (5)(a), and the amendments to it in Senate Bill 05-041 were harmonized with § 42-3-218 (4) as it appears in House Bill 051107. 42-3-219. Special registration of collector's items. (Repealed) Source: L. 2005: Entire article amended with relocations, p. 1131, § 2, effective August 8. L. 2006: (1)(a) and (3)(a) amended and (1)(c) added, p. 64, §§ 2, 3, effective August 7. L. 2007: (1)(b)(I) amended, p. 1462, § 1, effective August 3. L. 2008: (10) repealed, p. 229, § 3, effective August 5. L. 2011: Entire section repealed, (SB 11-031), ch. 86, p. 249, § 22, effective August 10. Editor's note: This section was relocated to § 42-12-301 in 2011. 42-3-220. Temporary special event license plates. (1) The department may issue a temporary special event license plate to a person or group of people in connection with a special event for a passenger vehicle or a truck that does not exceed sixteen thousand pounds empty weight. (2) An applicant for a special event license plate shall submit to the department the name, date or dates, and location of the special event to which the request for the license plate is connected; the dates the license plate is needed; the quantity of license plates requested; a list of vehicle information including the vehicle identification number, make, model, and year of each vehicle; a certified letter stating that insurance coverage will be in place for each vehicle during its use for the period for which the temporary plate is issued; and any other information required by the department. (3) The department may determine the amount of an application fee for special event license plates and determine the fee, not to exceed twenty-five dollars, for the issuance of each temporary special event license plate. Such fee shall be transmitted to the state treasurer, who shall credit the same to the license plate cash fund, created in section 42-3-301 (1). (4) The executive director of the department may prepare any special forms and issue any rules necessary to carry out the purposes of this section. Source: L. 2005: Entire article amended with relocations, p. 1133, § 2, effective August 8. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 242 of 764 Uncertified Printout Editor's note: This section is similar to former § 42-3-117.7 as it existed prior to 2005. 42-3-221. Special plates - Denver Broncos. (1) Beginning January 1, 2007, the department shall issue special license plates to qualified applicants in accordance with this section for motorcycles, passenger cars, trucks, or noncommercial or recreational motor vehicles that do not exceed sixteen thousand pounds empty weight. (2) (a) There is hereby established the Denver Broncos special license plate. (b) The Denver Broncos may design the special license plate. The design for the special license plate shall conform with standards established by the department and shall be subject to the department's approval. (3) A person may apply for a Denver Broncos special license plate if the person pays the taxes and fees required under this section and provides to the department or an authorized agent a certificate, issued by the Denver Broncos Charities or a successor organization, confirming that such person has donated thirty dollars to the Denver Broncos Charities. (4) The amount of the taxes and fees for special license plates under this section is the same as the amount of the taxes and fees specified for regular motor vehicle license plates; except that the department shall collect a one-time fee of twenty-five dollars for issuance or replacement of each such license plate. The department shall transmit the additional one-time fee to the state treasurer, who shall credit the same to the highway users tax fund created in section 43-4-201, C.R.S. (5) An applicant may apply for personalized Denver Broncos special license plates. Upon payment of the additional fee required by section 42-3-211 (6)(a) for personalized license plates, the department may issue such plates if the applicant complies with section 42-3-211. If an applicant has existing personalized license plates for a motor vehicle, the applicant may transfer the combination of letters or numbers to a new set of Denver Broncos special license plates for the vehicle upon payment of the fee imposed by section 42-3-211 (6) and upon turning in such existing plates to the department. A person who has obtained personalized Denver Broncos special license plates under this subsection (5) shall pay the annual fee imposed by section 42-3-211 (6)(b) for renewal of such personalized plates. The fees under this subsection (5) are in addition to all other taxes and fees imposed for personalized Denver Broncos special license plates. (6) The Denver Broncos license plate shall be retired if three thousand plates are not issued by July 1, 2009. Source: L. 2006: Entire section added, p. 2037, § 1, effective August 7. 42-3-222. Special plates - support public education. (1) Beginning January 1, 2007, the department shall issue special license plates to qualified applicants in accordance with this section for motorcycles, passenger cars, trucks, and noncommercial or recreational motor vehicles that do not exceed sixteen thousand pounds empty weight. (2) (a) There is hereby established the support public education special license plate. (b) The design for the special license plate shall conform with standards established by the department and shall be subject to the department's approval. (3) (a) A person may apply for a support public education special license plate if the person pays the taxes and fees required under this section and provides to the department or an Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 243 of 764 Uncertified Printout authorized agent a certificate, issued by impact on education, inc., Colorado legacy foundation, or either entity's successor, confirming that the person has donated twenty dollars to either organization or either entity's successor. When receiving the donation, impact on education, inc., Colorado legacy foundation, or either entity's successor shall ask the donor to specify in writing which nonprofit education organization qualified under paragraph (c) of this subsection (3) should receive the moneys. Impact on education, inc., Colorado legacy foundation, or either entity's successor shall compile and provide to the donor and the department a list of organizations that the entity has verified qualify for donations under paragraph (c) of this subsection (3). (b) Impact on education, inc., Colorado legacy foundation, or either entity's successor shall use the moneys collected under this subsection (3) to support programs that focus on student learning in public schools located in Colorado. (c) Impact on education, inc., Colorado legacy foundation, or either entity's successor shall transmit the entire donation to the nonprofit education organization pursuant to paragraph (a) of this subsection (3) if the organization: (I) Exists; (II) Is affiliated with a school district or the state charter institute; (III) Is a nonprofit entity exempt from federal income taxes pursuant to section 501 (c)(3) of the federal "Internal Revenue Code of 1986", as amended; and (IV) Agrees to spend all of the donation on programs that focus on student learning in Colorado. (d) Impact on education, inc., Colorado legacy foundation, or either entity's successor shall not use the moneys collected under this subsection (3) to support political parties, candidates for public office, ballot initiatives, referenda, or any other political activities. (4) The amount of the taxes and fees for the support public education special license plates under this section is the same as the amount of the taxes and fees specified for regular motor vehicle license plates; except that the department shall collect a one-time fee of twentyfive dollars for issuance or replacement of each such license plate. The department shall transmit the additional one-time fee to the state treasurer, who shall credit the same to the highway users tax fund created in section 43-4-201, C.R.S. (5) An applicant may apply for personalized support public education special license plates. Upon payment of the additional fee required by section 42-3-211 (6)(a) for personalized license plates, the department may issue such plates if the applicant complies with section 42-3211. If an applicant has existing personalized license plates for a motor vehicle, the applicant may transfer the combination of letters or numbers to a new set of support public education special license plates for the vehicle upon payment of the fee imposed by section 42-3-211 (6) and upon turning in such existing plates to the department. A person who has obtained personalized support public education special license plates under this subsection (5) shall pay the annual fee imposed by section 42-3-211 (6) for renewal of such personalized plates. The fees under this subsection (5) are in addition to all other taxes and fees imposed for personalized support public education special license plates. (6) The department may stop issuing the support public education special license plate if three thousand license plates are not issued by July 1, 2016. A person who was issued a support public education special license plate on or before July 1, 2016, may continue to use the plate after July 1, 2016. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 244 of 764 Uncertified Printout Source: L. 2006: Entire section added, p. 1066, § 1, effective August 7. L. 2009: (6) amended, (SB 09-175), ch. 226, p. 1027, § 2, effective July 1. L. 2011: (3) and (6) amended, (HB 11-1236), ch. 98, p. 286, § 3, effective April 8. Editor's note: This section was originally numbered as § 42-3-221 in House Bill 061404 but was renumbered on revision for ease of location. 42-3-223. Special plates - support the troops - retirement. (1) On or after July 1, 2007, the department shall issue one or more sets of support the troops special license plates to applicants under this section for passenger cars, trucks, motorcycles, and noncommercial or recreational motor vehicles that do not exceed sixteen thousand pounds empty weight. (2) There is hereby established the United States support the troops special license plate. The plate shall conform with standards established by the department, and the plate shall feature the statement "Support The Troops". (3) (a) A person may apply for and shall be issued a support the troops special license plate for a motor vehicle if the person pays the taxes and fees required under this subsection (3) and provides a certificate issued by the nonprofit organization selected by the adjutant general pursuant to subsection (4) of this section showing that the person has donated twenty-five dollars to such organization. (b) The amount of the taxes and fees for support the troops special license plates under this section is the same as the amount of the taxes and fees specified for regular motor vehicle license plates plus a one-time fee of twenty-five dollars for each motor vehicle for issuance of such license plates. The department shall transmit the additional one-time fee to the highway users tax fund for allocation and expenditure as specified in section 43-4-205 (5.5)(b), C.R.S. (c) Upon payment of the additional fee required by section 42-3-211 (6)(a) for personalized license plates, the department may issue personalized support the troops special license plates if the applicant complies with section 42-3-211. If an applicant has existing personalized license plates for a motor vehicle, the applicant may transfer the combination of letters or numbers to a new set of special license plates for the vehicle upon paying the fee imposed by section 42-3-211 (6)(a) and upon turning such existing plates in to the department as required by the department. A person who has obtained personalized support the troops special license plates under this paragraph (c) is required to pay the annual fee imposed by section 42-3211 (6)(b) for renewal of such personalized plates. The fees under this paragraph (c) are in addition to all other taxes and fees imposed for the special license plates. (4) The adjutant general, appointed pursuant to section 28-3-105, C.R.S., shall select a nonprofit organization that aids veterans, active service members, and the families thereof to administer the donations collected pursuant to subsection (3) of this section. The adjutant general shall select the organization in consultation with the Colorado board of veterans affairs, created in section 28-5-702, C.R.S. The organization shall use the moneys to aid veterans, active service members, and the families thereof but may keep up to seven percent of the moneys for administrative costs. The organization may use the moneys to aid veterans, active service members, and the families thereof by making grants to or selecting other nonprofit organizations to provide the aid so long as no more than seven percent of the moneys are used for administrative costs. Once an organization is selected, it shall continue to administer the funds unless good cause is shown for removal. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 245 of 764 Uncertified Printout (5) Special license plates issued under this section shall be renewed in the same manner as other license plates under section 42-3-113 or, for personalized plates, under section 42-3211. (6) The special license plates authorized by this section shall not be renewed unless such plates have been issued for at least three thousand vehicles by July 1, 2009. Source: L. 2006: Entire section added, p. 1484, § 1, effective August 7. L. 2012: (2) amended, (SB 12-007), ch. 88, p. 289, § 3, effective April 6. Editor's note: This section was originally numbered as § 42-3-221 in Senate Bill 06-080 but was renumbered on revision for ease of location. 42-3-224. Special plates - Colorado "Kids First". (1) The department shall issue special license plates to qualified applicants in accordance with this section for motorcycles, passenger cars, trucks, or noncommercial or recreational motor vehicles that do not exceed sixteen thousand pounds empty weight. (2) (a) There is hereby established the Colorado "Kids First" special license plate. The department may stop issuing the Colorado "Kids First" special license plate if three thousand license plates are not issued by July 1, 2016. A person who was issued a Colorado "Kids First" special license plate on or before July 1, 2016, may continue to use the plate after July 1, 2016. (b) (Deleted by amendment, L. 2009, (SB 09-175), ch. 226, p. 1027, § 3, effective July 1, 2009.) (c) The Rocky Mountain research and prevention institute may design the special license plate. The design for the special license plate shall conform with standards established by the department and shall be subject to the department's approval. (3) (a) A person may apply for a Colorado "Kids First" special license plate if the person pays the taxes and fees required under this section and provides to the department or an authorized agent a certificate, issued by the Rocky Mountain research and prevention institute or a successor organization, confirming that such person meets the qualifications for the license plate established pursuant to this section. (b) The Rocky Mountain research and prevention institute or a successor organization may establish a specific level of contribution to a health promotion and injury prevention fund that qualifies a person to obtain special license plates under this section. Such fund shall be used to fund programs, activities, and events that help promote the health of children and prevent injury to children. (c) The Rocky Mountain research and prevention institute or its successor organization shall file an annual statement verifying that it is a nonprofit organization. The statement shall be filed under penalty of perjury with the department. (4) The amount of the taxes and fees for special license plates under this section is the same as the amount of the taxes and fees specified for regular motor vehicle license plates; except that the department shall collect a one-time fee of twenty-five dollars for issuance or replacement of each such license plate. The department shall transmit the additional one-time fee to the state treasurer, who shall credit the same to the highway users tax fund created in section 43-4-201, C.R.S. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 246 of 764 Uncertified Printout (5) An applicant may apply for personalized Colorado "Kids First" license plates. Upon payment of the additional fee required by section 42-3-211 (6)(a) for personalized license plates, the department may issue such plates if the applicant complies with section 42-3-211. If an applicant has existing personalized license plates for a motor vehicle, the applicant may transfer the combination of letters or numbers to a new set of Colorado "Kids First" license plates for the vehicle upon paying the fee imposed by section 42-3-211 (6) and upon turning in such existing plates to the department. A person who has obtained personalized Colorado "Kids First" license plates under this subsection (5) shall pay the annual fee imposed by section 42-3-211 (6)(b) for renewal of such personalized plates. The fees under this subsection (5) are in addition to all other taxes and fees imposed for Colorado "Kids First" license plates. Source: L. 2006: Entire section added, p. 1622, § 1, effective July 1, 2007. L. 2009: (2)(a) and (2)(b) amended, (SB 09-175), ch. 226, p. 1027, § 3, effective July 1. L. 2011: (2)(a) amended, (HB 11-1236), ch. 98, p. 287, § 4, effective April 8. Editor's note: This section was originally numbered as § 42-3-221 in Senate Bill 06-100 but was renumbered on revision for ease of location. 42-3-225. Special plates - Italian-American heritage. (1) Beginning January 1, 2008, the department shall issue special license plates to qualified applicants in accordance with this section for motorcycles, passenger cars, trucks, or noncommercial or recreational motor vehicles that do not exceed sixteen thousand pounds empty weight. (2) (a) There is hereby established the Italian-American heritage special license plate, which shall be issued to any person who pays the taxes and fees required under this section. (b) The department may stop issuing the Italian-American heritage special license plate if at least three thousand plates are not issued by July 1, 2016. A person who was issued an Italian-American heritage special license plate on or before July 1, 2016, may continue to use the plate after July 1, 2016. (c) The Italian-American heritage special license plate shall be designed: (I) To celebrate Italian-American heritage; and (II) In accordance with standards established by the department and be subject to the department's approval. (3) The amount of the taxes and fees for special license plates under this section is the same as the amount of the taxes and fees specified for regular motor vehicle license plates; except that the department shall collect a one-time fee of twenty-five dollars for issuance or replacement of each such license plate. The department shall transmit the additional one-time fee to the state treasurer, who shall credit the same to the highway users tax fund created in section 43-4-201, C.R.S. (4) An applicant may apply for personalized Italian-American heritage special license plates. Upon payment of the additional fee required by section 42-3-211 (6)(a) for personalized license plates, the department may issue such plates if the applicant complies with section 42-3211. If an applicant has existing personalized license plates for a motor vehicle, the applicant may transfer the combination of letters or numbers to a new set of Colorado Italian-American heritage license plates for the vehicle upon paying the fee imposed by section 42-3-211 (6) and upon turning in such existing plates to the department. A person who has obtained personalized Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 247 of 764 Uncertified Printout Italian-American heritage special license plates under this subsection (4) shall pay the annual fee imposed by section 42-3-211 (6)(b) for renewal of such personalized plates. The fees under this subsection (4) are in addition to all other taxes and fees imposed for the Italian-American heritage special license plates. Source: L. 2007: Entire section added, p. 967, § 1, effective August 3. L. 2008: (2)(b) amended, p. 229, § 4, effective August 5. L. 2009: (2)(b) amended, (SB 09-175), ch. 226, p. 1028, § 4, effective July 1. L. 2011: (2)(b) amended, (HB 11-1236), ch. 98, p. 288, § 5, effective April 8. 42-3-226. Special plates - share the road. (1) Beginning January 1, 2008, the department shall issue special license plates to qualified applicants in accordance with this section for motorcycles, passenger cars, trucks, or noncommercial or recreational motor vehicles that do not exceed sixteen thousand pounds empty weight. (2) (a) There is hereby established the share the road special license plate. The department may stop issuing the share the road special license plate if three thousand license plates are not issued by July 1, 2011. A person may continue to use the share the road special license plate after July 1, 2011. (b) (Deleted by amendment, L. 2009, (SB 09-175), ch. 226, p. 1028, § 5, effective July 1, 2009.) (c) The design for the special license plate shall conform with standards established by the department and shall be subject to approval by bicycle Colorado, inc. (3) (a) A person may apply for a share the road special license plate if the person pays the taxes and fees required under this section and provides to the department or an authorized agent a certificate, issued by bicycle Colorado, inc., or a successor organization, confirming that such person meets the qualifications for the license plate established pursuant to this section. (b) Bicycle Colorado, inc., or a successor organization, may establish a specific level of contribution to a share the road education fund that qualifies a person to obtain special license plates under this section. Such fund shall be used to fund programs, activities, and events that educate bicyclists, motorists, law enforcement, and transportation officials on the rights and responsibilities of bicycling, safely sharing the road, and reducing bicycle crashes. (c) Bicycle Colorado, inc., or its successor organization, shall file with the department an annual statement verifying that it is a nonprofit organization. (4) The amount of the taxes and fees for special license plates under this section is the same as the amount of the taxes and fees specified for regular motor vehicle license plates; except that the department shall collect a one-time fee of twenty-five dollars for issuance or replacement of each such license plate. The department shall transmit the additional one-time fee to the state treasurer, who shall credit the same to the highway users tax fund created in section 43-4-201, C.R.S. (5) An applicant may apply for personalized share the road license plates. Upon payment of the additional fee required by section 42-3-211 (6)(a) for personalized license plates, the department may issue such plates if the applicant complies with section 42-3-211. If an applicant has existing personalized license plates for a motor vehicle, the applicant may transfer the combination of letters or numbers to a new set of share the road license plates for the vehicle upon paying the fee imposed by section 42-3-211 (6) and upon turning in such existing plates to Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 248 of 764 Uncertified Printout the department. A person who has obtained personalized share the road license plates under this subsection (5) shall pay the annual fee imposed by section 42-3-211 (6)(b) for renewal of such personalized plates. The fees under this subsection (5) are in addition to all other taxes and fees imposed for share the road license plates. Source: L. 2007: Entire section added, p. 2075, § 1, effective August 3. L. 2009: (2)(a) and (2)(b) amended, (SB 09-175), ch. 226, p. 1028, § 5, effective July 1. Editor's note: This section was originally numbered as § 42-3-225 in Senate Bill 07-067 but was renumbered on revision for ease of location. 42-3-227. Special plates - Colorado horse development authority. (1) On or after January 1, 2009, the department shall issue Colorado horse development authority special license plates to qualified applicants in accordance with this section for motorcycles, passenger cars, trucks, or noncommercial or recreational motor vehicles that do not exceed sixteen thousand pounds empty weight. (2) The Colorado horse development authority may design the special license plates. The design for the special license plates shall conform with standards established by the department and shall be subject to the department's approval. (3) A person may apply for Colorado horse development authority special license plates if the person pays the taxes and fees required under this section and provides to the department or an authorized agent a certificate, issued by the Colorado horse development authority or a successor organization, confirming that the person has donated thirty dollars to the Colorado horse development authority. (4) The amount of the taxes and fees for special license plates under this section is the same as the amount of the taxes and fees specified for regular motor vehicle license plates; except that the department shall collect a one-time fee of twenty-five dollars for issuance or replacement of each such license plate. The department shall transmit the one-time fee to the state treasurer, who shall credit the same to the highway users tax fund created in section 43-4201, C.R.S. (5) An applicant may apply for personalized Colorado horse development authority special license plates. Upon payment of the additional fee required by section 42-3-211 (6)(a) for personalized license plates, the department may issue such license plates if the applicant complies with section 42-3-211. If an applicant has existing personalized license plates for a motor vehicle, the applicant may transfer the combination of letters or numbers to a new set of Colorado horse development authority special license plates for the vehicle upon payment of the fee imposed by section 42-3-211 (6) and upon turning in such existing plates to the department. A person who has obtained personalized Colorado horse development authority special license plates under this subsection (5) shall pay the annual fee imposed by section 42-3-211 (6)(b) for renewal of the personalized license plates. The fees imposed under this subsection (5) are in addition to all other taxes and fees imposed for personalized Colorado horse development authority special license plates. (6) The department may stop issuing the Colorado horse development authority special license plate if three thousand license plates are not issued by July 1, 2016. A person who was Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 249 of 764 Uncertified Printout issued a Colorado horse development authority special license plate on or before July 1, 2016, may continue to use the plate after July 1, 2016. Source: L. 2008: Entire section added, p. 858, § 1, effective August 5. L. 2009: (6) amended, (SB 09-175), ch. 226, p. 1028, § 6, effective July 1. L. 2011: (6) amended, (HB 111236), ch. 98, p. 288, § 6, effective April 8. 42-3-228. Special plates - Colorado carbon fund. (1) The department shall issue Colorado carbon fund special license plates to qualified applicants in accordance with this section for motorcycles, passenger cars, trucks, or noncommercial or recreational motor vehicles that do not exceed sixteen thousand pounds empty weight. (2) The Colorado carbon fund may design the Colorado carbon fund special license plates. The design for the special license plates shall conform with standards established by the department and shall be subject to the department's approval. (3) A person may apply for the Colorado carbon fund special license plates if the person pays the taxes and fees required under this section and provides to the department or an authorized agent a certificate, issued by natural capitalism solutions, a 501 (c)(3) nonprofit organization, or any successor organization, confirming that such person has made to the Colorado carbon fund, or its successor, the donation required to qualify for the special license plates. (4) The amount of the taxes and fees for special license plates under this section is the same as the amount of the taxes and fees specified for regular motor vehicle license plates; except that the department shall collect a one-time fee of twenty-five dollars for issuance or replacement of each such license plate. The department shall transmit the additional one-time fee to the state treasurer, who shall credit the same to the highway users tax fund created in section 43-4-201, C.R.S. (5) An applicant may apply for personalized Colorado carbon fund special license plates. Upon payment of the additional fee required by section 42-3-211 (6)(a) for personalized license plates, the department may issue such personalized license plates if the applicant complies with section 42-3-211. If an applicant has existing personalized license plates for a motor vehicle, the applicant may transfer the combination of letters or numbers to a new set of Colorado carbon fund special license plates for the vehicle upon payment of the fee imposed by section 42-3-211 (6)(a) and upon turning in the existing license plates to the department. A person who has obtained personalized Colorado carbon fund special license plates under this subsection (5) shall pay the annual fee imposed by section 42-3-211 (6)(b) for renewal of such personalized license plates. The fees under this subsection (5) are in addition to all other taxes and fees imposed for personalized Colorado carbon fund special license plates. (6) The department may stop issuing the Colorado carbon fund special license plate if three thousand license plates are not issued by July 1, 2016. A person who was issued a Colorado carbon fund special license plate on or before July 1, 2016, may continue to use the plate after July 1, 2016. Source: L. 2008: Entire section added, p. 995, § 1, effective August 5. L. 2009: (6) amended, (SB 09-175), ch. 226, p. 1029, § 7, effective July 1. L. 2011: (6) amended, (HB 111236), ch. 98, p. 288, § 7, effective April 8. L. 2012: (2) and (3) amended, (HB 12-1315), ch. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 250 of 764 Uncertified Printout 224, p. 983, § 54, effective July 1. L. 2018: (2) and (3) amended, (SB 18-003), ch. 359, p. 2149, § 13, effective June 1. 42-3-229. Special plates - boy scouts. (1) Beginning July 15, 2009, the department shall issue special license plates to qualified applicants in accordance with this section for motorcycles, passenger cars, trucks, or noncommercial or recreational motor vehicles that do not exceed sixteen thousand pounds empty weight. (2) (a) There is hereby established the boy scouts centennial special license plate, which shall be issued from July 15, 2009, to June 30, 2016, or so long as the department has the special license plates in stock, whichever occurs later. (b) A person may continue to use the boy scouts centennial special license plate after June 30, 2011, in accordance with this section. (c) The department is authorized to begin issuance of the special license plate authorized by this subsection (2) if the boy scouts obtain commitments for the purchase of at least three thousand special license plates and provide to the department a list of the names and addresses of persons requesting such plates by January 15, 2009. (d) Repealed. (e) The design for the special license plate shall conform with standards established by the department. (3) A person may apply for a special license plate created by this section if the person pays the taxes and fees required under this section. (4) The amount of the taxes and fees for special license plates under this section is the same as the amount of the taxes and fees specified for regular motor vehicle license plates; except that the department shall collect a one-time fee of twenty-five dollars for issuance or replacement of each such license plate. The department shall transmit the additional one-time fee to the state treasurer, who shall credit the same to the highway users tax fund created in section 43-4-201, C.R.S. (5) An applicant may apply for personalized special license plates created by this section. Upon payment of the additional fee required by section 42-3-211 (6)(a) for personalized license plates, the department may issue such plates if the applicant complies with section 42-3211. If an applicant has existing personalized license plates for a motor vehicle, the applicant may transfer the combination of letters or numbers to a new set of special license plates created by this section for the vehicle upon paying the fee imposed by section 42-3-211 (6) and upon turning in such existing plates to the department. A person who has obtained personalized special license plates under this subsection (5) shall pay the annual fee imposed by section 42-3211 (6)(b) for renewal of such personalized plates. The fees under this subsection (5) are in addition to all other taxes and fees imposed for the special license plates created by this section. Source: L. 2008: Entire section added, p. 2271, § 2, effective January 1, 2009. L. 2011: (2)(a) amended, (HB 11-1236), ch. 98, p. 288, § 8, effective April 8; (2)(d) repealed, (HB 111303), ch. 264, p. 1182, § 108, effective August 10. 42-3-230. Special plates - "Alive at Twenty-five". (1) Beginning January 1, 2010, the department shall issue special license plates to qualified applicants in accordance with this Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 251 of 764 Uncertified Printout section for motorcycles, passenger cars, trucks, or noncommercial or recreational motor vehicles that do not exceed sixteen thousand pounds empty weight. (2) (a) There is hereby established the "Alive at Twenty-five" special license plate. (b) The Colorado state patrol family foundation may design the special license plate. The design for the special license plate shall conform with standards established by the department and shall be subject to the department's approval. (3) A person may apply for an "Alive at Twenty-five" special license plate if the person pays the taxes and fees required under this section and provides to the department or an authorized agent a certificate, issued by the Colorado state patrol family foundation or a successor organization, confirming that such person has donated thirty dollars to the Colorado state patrol family foundation. (4) The amount of the taxes and fees for special license plates under this section is the same as the amount of the taxes and fees specified for regular motor vehicle license plates; except that the department shall collect a one-time fee of twenty-five dollars for issuance or replacement of each such license plate. The department shall transmit the additional one-time fee to the state treasurer, who shall credit the same to the highway users tax fund created in section 43-4-201, C.R.S. (5) An applicant may apply for personalized "Alive at Twenty-five" special license plates. Upon payment of the additional fee required by section 42-3-211 (6)(a) for personalized license plates, the department may issue such plates if the applicant complies with section 42-3211. If an applicant has existing personalized license plates for a motor vehicle, the applicant may transfer the combination of letters or numbers to a new set of "Alive at Twenty-five" special license plates for the vehicle upon payment of the fee imposed by section 42-3-211 (6) and upon turning in such existing plates to the department. A person who has obtained personalized "Alive at Twenty-five" special license plates under this subsection (5) shall pay the annual fee imposed by section 42-3-211 (6)(b) for renewal of such personalized plates. The fees under this subsection (5) are in addition to all other taxes and fees imposed for personalized "Alive at Twenty-five" special license plates. (6) The department shall retire the "Alive at Twenty-five" license plate if three thousand plates are not issued by July 1, 2016. A person who was issued an "Alive at Twenty-five" license plate on or before July 1, 2016, may continue to use the plate after July 1, 2016. Source: L. 2009: Entire section added, (HB 09-1100), ch. 279, p. 1246, § 1, effective August 5. L. 2011: (6) amended, (HB 11-1236), ch. 98, p. 288, § 9, effective April 8. 42-3-231. Special plates - Colorado ski country. (1) On or after January 1, 2010, the department shall issue Colorado ski country special license plates to qualified applicants in accordance with this section for motorcycles, passenger cars, trucks, or noncommercial or recreational motor vehicles that do not exceed sixteen thousand pounds empty weight. (2) Colorado ski country USA, inc., may design the special license plates. The plate shall conform with standards established by the department and be subject to approval by the department. The plate shall feature the tagline "Ski Country USA". (3) A person shall be issued Colorado ski country special license plates if the person pays the taxes and fees required under this section. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 252 of 764 Uncertified Printout (4) The amount of the taxes and fees for special license plates under this section is the same as the amount of the taxes and fees specified for regular motor vehicle license plates; except that the department shall collect a one-time fee of twenty-five dollars for issuance or replacement of each such license plate. The department shall transmit the one-time fee to the state treasurer, who shall credit the same to the highway users tax fund created in section 43-4201, C.R.S. (5) An applicant may apply for personalized Colorado ski country special license plates. Upon payment of the additional fee required by section 42-3-211 (6)(a) for personalized license plates, the department may issue such license plates if the applicant complies with section 42-3211. If an applicant has existing personalized license plates for a motor vehicle, the applicant may transfer the combination of letters or numbers to a new set of Colorado ski country special license plates for the vehicle upon payment of the fee imposed by section 42-3-211 (6) and upon turning in such existing plates to the department. A person who has obtained personalized Colorado ski country special license plates under this subsection (5) shall pay the annual fee imposed by section 42-3-211 (6)(b) for renewal of the personalized license plates. The fees imposed under this subsection (5) are in addition to all other taxes and fees imposed for personalized Colorado ski country special license plates. (6) (a) The department shall retire the Colorado ski country special license plate if three thousand license plates are not issued by July 1, 2016. A person who was issued a Colorado ski country special license plate on or before July 1, 2016, may continue to use the plate after July 1, 2016. (b) (Deleted by amendment, L. 2011, (HB 11-1236), ch. 98, p. 288, § 10, effective April 8, 2011.) Source: L. 2009: Entire section added, (SB 09-161), ch. 412, p. 2281, § 1, effective August 5. L. 2011: (6) amended, (HB 11-1236), ch. 98, p. 288, § 10, effective April 8. L. 2012: (2) amended, (SB 12-007), ch. 88, p. 289, § 4, effective April 6. 42-3-232. Special plates - donate life. (1) On or after January 1, 2010, the department shall issue donate life special license plates to qualified applicants in accordance with this section for motorcycles, passenger cars, trucks, or noncommercial or recreational motor vehicles that do not exceed sixteen thousand pounds empty weight. (2) The American transplant foundation, inc., may design the special license plates. The design for the special license plates shall conform with standards established by the department and shall be subject to the department's approval. (3) A person shall be issued donate life special license plates if the person pays the taxes and fees required under this section. (4) The amount of the taxes and fees for special license plates under this section is the same as the amount of the taxes and fees specified for regular motor vehicle license plates; except that the department shall collect a one-time fee of twenty-five dollars for issuance or replacement of each such license plate. The department shall transmit the one-time fee to the state treasurer, who shall credit the same to the highway users tax fund created in section 43-4201, C.R.S. (5) An applicant may apply for personalized donate life special license plates. Upon payment of the additional fee required by section 42-3-211 (6)(a) for personalized license plates, Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 253 of 764 Uncertified Printout the department may issue such license plates if the applicant complies with section 42-3-211. If an applicant has existing personalized license plates for a motor vehicle, the applicant may transfer the combination of letters or numbers to a new set of donate life special license plates for the vehicle upon payment of the fee imposed by section 42-3-211 (6) and upon turning in the existing plates to the department. A person who has obtained personalized donate life special license plates under this subsection (5) shall pay the annual fee imposed by section 42-3-211 (6)(b) for renewal of personalized license plates. The fees imposed under this subsection (5) are in addition to all other taxes and fees imposed for personalized donate life special license plates. (6) (a) The department shall retire the donate life special license plate if three thousand license plates are not issued by July 1, 2016. A person who was issued a donate life special license plate on or before July 1, 2016, may continue to use the plate after July 1, 2016. (b) (Deleted by amendment, L. 2011, (HB 11-1236), ch. 98, p. 289, § 11, effective April 8, 2011.) Source: L. 2009: Entire section added, (HB 09-1347), ch. 357, p. 1860, § 1, effective August 5. L. 2011: (6) amended, (HB 11-1236), ch. 98, p. 289, § 11, effective April 8. 42-3-233. Special plates - Colorado state parks. (1) On or after January 1, 2011, the department shall issue Colorado state parks special license plates to qualified applicants in accordance with this section for motorcycles, passenger cars, trucks, or noncommercial or recreational motor vehicles that do not exceed sixteen thousand pounds empty weight. (2) The foundation for Colorado state parks may design the special license plates. The design for the special license plates shall conform with standards established by the department and shall be subject to the department's approval. (3) A person may apply for Colorado state parks special license plates if the person pays the taxes and fees required under this section and provides to the department or an authorized agent a certificate, issued by the foundation for Colorado state parks or a successor organization, confirming that the person has donated forty-four dollars to the foundation for Colorado state parks or a successor organization. All moneys collected pursuant to this subsection (3) and all interest and income earned on the investment of such moneys shall be expended on Colorado state parks projects and shall not be used for the administration of the foundation for Colorado state parks or a successor organization. The foundation for Colorado state parks or a successor organization shall hold the moneys collected pursuant to this subsection (3) in a separate account from all other moneys and retain the records of the expenditures of moneys collected pursuant to this subsection (3) for at least three years after the expenditure is made. (4) The amount of the taxes and fees for special license plates under this section is the same as the amount of the taxes and fees specified for regular motor vehicle license plates; except that the department shall collect a one-time fee of twenty-five dollars for issuance or replacement of each such license plate. The department shall transmit the one-time fee to the state treasurer, who shall credit the same to the highway users tax fund created in section 43-4201, C.R.S. (5) An applicant may apply for personalized Colorado state parks special license plates. Upon payment of the additional fee required by section 42-3-211 (6)(a) for personalized license plates, the department may issue such license plates if the applicant complies with section 42-3211. If an applicant has existing personalized license plates for a motor vehicle, the applicant Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 254 of 764 Uncertified Printout may transfer the combination of letters or numbers to a new set of Colorado state parks special license plates for the vehicle upon payment of the fee imposed by section 42-3-211 (6) and upon turning in such existing plates to the department. A person who has obtained personalized Colorado state parks special license plates under this subsection (5) shall pay the annual fee imposed by section 42-3-211 (6)(b) for renewal of the personalized license plates. The fees imposed under this subsection (5) are in addition to all other taxes and fees imposed for personalized Colorado state parks special license plates. (6) The department may stop issuing the Colorado state parks special license plate if three thousand license plates are not issued by July 1, 2016. A person who was issued a Colorado state parks special license plate on or before July 1, 2016, may continue to use the plate after July 1, 2016. Source: L. 2010: Entire section added, (SB 10-103), ch. 304, p. 1437, § 1, effective August 11. L. 2011: (6) amended, (HB 11-1236), ch. 98, p. 289, § 12, effective April 8. 42-3-234. Special plates - adopt a shelter pet. (1) Beginning the earlier of January 1, 2011, or when the department is able to issue the plates created by this section, the department shall issue special license plates to qualified applicants in accordance with this section for motorcycles, passenger cars, trucks, and noncommercial or recreational motor vehicles that do not exceed sixteen thousand pounds empty weight. (2) (a) There is hereby established the adopt a shelter pet special license plate. (b) The design for the special license plate shall conform with standards established by the department and shall be subject to the department's approval. (3) A person may apply for an adopt a shelter pet special license plate if the person pays the taxes and fees required under this section. (4) The amount of the taxes and fees for special license plates under this section is the same as the amount of the taxes and fees specified for regular motor vehicle license plates; except that the department shall collect the following fees and donations: (a) A one-time, twenty-five-dollar fee for issuance or replacement of the license plate, which fee shall be transmitted to the state treasurer, who shall credit the same to the highway users tax fund created in section 43-4-201, C.R.S.; (b) A one-time, thirty-dollar donation for issuance or replacement of the license plate, which donation shall be transmitted to the state treasurer, who shall credit the same to the adopt a shelter pet account in the pet overpopulation fund created in section 35-80-116.5, C.R.S.; and (c) An annual twenty-five-dollar license plate renewal donation, which donation shall be transmitted to the state treasurer, who shall credit the same to the adopt a shelter pet account in the pet overpopulation fund created in section 35-80-116.5, C.R.S.; except that the department and its authorized agents may retain the portion of the donation necessary to offset implementing this paragraph (c), up to a maximum of two dollars. (5) An applicant may apply for personalized adopt a shelter pet special license plates. Upon payment of the additional fee required by section 42-3-211 (6)(a) for personalized license plates, the department may issue such plates if the applicant complies with section 42-3-211. If an applicant has existing personalized license plates for a motor vehicle, the applicant may transfer the combination of letters or numbers to a new set of adopt a shelter pet special license plates for the vehicle upon payment of the fee imposed by section 42-3-211 (6) and upon turning Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 255 of 764 Uncertified Printout in such existing plates to the department. A person who has obtained personalized adopt a shelter pet special license plates under this subsection (5) shall pay the annual fee imposed by section 42-3-211 (6)(b) for renewal of such personalized plates. The fees under this subsection (5) are in addition to all other taxes and fees imposed for personalized adopt a shelter pet special license plates. (6) (a) The department shall retire the adopt a shelter pet license plate if three thousand plates are not issued by July 1, 2016. A person who was issued an adopt a shelter pet license plate on or before July 1, 2016, may continue to use the plate after July 1, 2016. (b) (Deleted by amendment, L. 2011, (HB 11-1236), ch. 98, p. 289, § 13, effective April 8, 2011.) Source: L. 2010: Entire section added, (HB 10-1214), ch. 394, p. 1872, § 3, effective August 11. L. 2011: (6) amended, (HB 11-1236), ch. 98, p. 289, § 13, effective April 8. 42-3-235. Livery license plates - luxury limousines. (1) The livery license plate is hereby established. The plate consists of red letters on a white background and features the words "Colorado" across the top and "Livery" across the bottom of the plate. (2) (a) Except as provided in paragraphs (b) to (d) of this subsection (2), a person providing luxury limousine service under article 10.1 of title 40, C.R.S., shall register the motor vehicle used for such purposes pursuant to this article and display livery license plates on the vehicle. Upon registration, the department shall issue livery license plates for the vehicles in accordance with this section. The department shall not issue a livery license plate unless the person either submits a verification document issued pursuant to section 40-10.1-303, C.R.S., or the public utilities commission electronically verifies the authorization to provide luxury limousine service under section 40-10.1-303, C.R.S. (b) A person providing luxury limousine service under article 10.1 of title 40, C.R.S., may provide such services without registering the motor vehicle or using livery license plates if the motor vehicle is rented, but the person shall not provide such services using a rented motor vehicle for more than thirty days. (c) Repealed. (d) If a motor vehicle is used to provide both taxicab services and luxury limousine services, the department shall issue the motor vehicle a taxicab license plate in accordance with section 42-3-236. (3) Upon payment of the additional fee required by section 42-3-211 (6)(a) for personalized license plates, the department may issue personalized livery license plates if the applicant complies with section 42-3-211. If an applicant has existing personalized license plates, the applicant may transfer the combination of letters or numbers to a new set of special livery license plates upon paying the fee imposed by section 42-3-211 (6)(a) and upon turning the existing plates in to the department. A person who has obtained personalized livery license plates under this subsection (3) shall pay the annual fee imposed by section 42-3-211 (6)(b) for renewal of such personalized plates. The fees under this subsection (3) are in addition to all other taxes and fees imposed for the livery license plates. (4) No person shall operate a motor vehicle with a livery license plate or temporary livery license plate unless the motor vehicle to which the plates are attached is required by Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 256 of 764 Uncertified Printout subsection (2) of this section to bear livery license plates. A person who violates this section commits a class B traffic infraction, punishable by a fine of seventy-five dollars. (5) If the person who owns the motor vehicle with livery plates is not the same person under whose authority the motor vehicle operates pursuant to article 10.1 of title 40, C.R.S., the person with such authority may request that the department of revenue require the plate to be replaced. Upon a request being made, the department shall require the owner to return the livery license plate and be issued a new license plate. (6) This section is effective January 1, 2011. Source: L. 2010: Entire section added, (HB 10-1161), ch. 319, p. 1484, § 2, effective August 11. L. 2011: (2)(a) amended and (2)(d) added, (HB 11-1234), ch. 142, p. 496, § 3, effective July 1; (2)(a), (2)(b), and (5) amended, (HB 11-1198), ch. 127, p. 424, § 23, effective August 10. Editor's note: (1) Amendments to subsection (2)(a) by House Bill 11-1198 and House Bill 11-1234 were harmonized. (2) Subsection (2)(c) provided for the repeal of subsection (2)(c), effective January 1, 2012. (See L. 2010, p. 319.) 42-3-235.5. Tow truck license plates - conditions for use - transitional provisions. (1) The tow truck license plate is hereby established. The plate consists of black letters on a yellow background and features the words "Colorado" across the top and "Tow Truck" across the bottom of the plate. (2) A person who is authorized to operate as a towing carrier under article 10.1 of title 40, C.R.S., shall register a motor vehicle used for towing purposes under this article and display either tow truck license plates or apportioned plates on the vehicle. Upon registration, the department shall issue tow truck license plates for the vehicle in accordance with this section. The department shall not issue tow truck license plates unless the person either submits a verification document or the public utilities commission electronically verifies the authorization as provided in section 40-10.1-402, C.R.S. (3) Repealed. (4) A person shall not operate a motor vehicle with tow truck license plates or temporary tow truck license plates unless the motor vehicle to which the plates are attached is required by subsection (2) of this section to bear tow truck license plates. (5) If the person who owns the motor vehicle with tow truck license plates is not the person under whose authority the motor vehicle operates under article 10.1 of title 40, C.R.S., the person with the authority may request that the department require the plates to be replaced. Within thirty days after receiving the request, the department shall require the owner of the motor vehicle to return the tow truck license plates and be issued new license plates. The owner of the motor vehicle shall surrender the tow truck license plates to the department within ten days after receiving notice from the department unless the owner of the motor vehicle obtains authority to operate a tow truck under part 4 of article 10.1 of title 40, C.R.S., either directly or as an agent, and either the person submits a verification document or the public utilities commission electronically verifies the authorization as provided in section 40-10.1-402, C.R.S. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 257 of 764 Uncertified Printout (6) A person who violates this section commits a class B traffic infraction, punishable by a fine of seventy-five dollars. (7) This section is effective January 1, 2013. Source: L. 2012: Entire section added, (HB 12-1327), ch. 217, p. 933, § 4, effective May 24. Editor's note: Subsection (3)(b) provided for the repeal of subsection (3), effective January 1, 2014. (See L. 2012, p. 933.) 42-3-236. Taxicab license plates - taxicabs. (1) The taxicab license plate is hereby established. The plate consists of black letters on a yellow background and features the words "Colorado" across the top and "taxicab" across the bottom of the plate. (2) A person that is authorized to provide taxicab service or large-market taxicab service under article 10.1 of title 40 shall register a motor vehicle used for taxicab purposes under this article 3 and display taxicab license plates on the vehicle. Upon registration, the department shall issue taxicab license plates for the vehicle in accordance with this section. The department shall not issue a taxicab license plate unless the person either submits a verification document or the public utilities commission electronically verifies the authorization as provided in section 4010.1-207. (3) Repealed. (4) A person shall not operate a motor vehicle with a taxicab license plate or temporary taxicab license plate unless the motor vehicle to which the plates are attached is required by subsection (2) of this section to bear taxicab license plates. (5) If the person who owns the motor vehicle with taxicab license plates is not the person under whose authority the motor vehicle operates under article 10.1 of title 40, the person with the authority may request that the department require the plate to be replaced. Within thirty days after receiving the request, the department shall require the owner of the motor vehicle to return the taxicab license plate and be issued a new license plate. The owner of the motor vehicle shall surrender the taxicab license plate to the department within ten days after receiving notice from the department unless the owner of the motor vehicle obtains authority to operate a taxicab under part 2 or 7 of article 10.1 of title 40, either directly or as an agent, and either the person submits a verification document or the public utilities commission electronically verifies the authorization as provided in section 40-10.1-207. (6) A person who violates this section commits a class B traffic infraction, punishable by a fine of seventy-five dollars. (7) This section is effective January 1, 2012. Source: L. 2011: Entire section added, (HB 11-1234), ch. 142, p. 496, § 5, effective July 1. L. 2018: (2) and (5) amended, (HB 18-1320), ch. 363, p. 2170, § 11, effective August 8. Editor's note: Subsection (3) provided for the repeal of subsection (3), effective January 1, 2013. (See L. 2011, p. 496.) Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 258 of 764 Uncertified Printout 42-3-237. Special plates - girl scouts. (1) Beginning January 1, 2012, the department shall issue special license plates to qualified applicants in accordance with this section for motorcycles, passenger cars, trucks, or noncommercial or recreational motor vehicles that do not exceed sixteen thousand pounds empty weight. (2) (a) There is hereby established the girl scouts centennial special license plate. (b) The girl scouts of Colorado may design the girl scouts centennial special license plate, but the plate must conform with standards established by the department. (3) A person may apply for a special license plate under this section if the person pays the taxes and fees required by this section. (4) The amount of the taxes and fees for special license plates under this section is the same as the amount of the taxes and fees specified for regular motor vehicle license plates; except that the department shall collect a one-time fee of twenty-five dollars for the issuance or replacement of each such license plate. The department shall transmit the additional one-time fee to the state treasurer, who shall credit the same to the highway users tax fund created in section 43-4-201, C.R.S. (5) An applicant may apply for personalized special license plates created by this section. Upon payment of the additional fee required by section 42-3-211 (6)(a) for personalized license plates, the department may issue such plates if the applicant complies with section 42-3211. If an applicant has existing personalized license plates for a motor vehicle, the applicant may transfer the combination of letters or numbers to a new set of special license plates created by this section for the vehicle upon paying the fee imposed by section 42-3-211 (6)(a) and upon turning in such existing plates to the department. A person who has obtained personalized special license plates under this subsection (5) shall pay the annual fee imposed by section 42-3211 (6)(b) for renewal of such personalized plates. The fees under this subsection (5) are in addition to all other taxes and fees imposed for the special license plates created by this section. (6) The department may stop issuing the girl scouts centennial special license plate if three thousand license plates are not issued by July 1, 2017. A person who was issued the plate on or before July 1, 2017, may continue to use the plate after July 1, 2017. Source: L. 2011: Entire section added, (SB 11-197), ch. 291, p. 1355, § 1, effective August 10. 42-3-238. Special plates - juvenile diabetes. (1) Beginning the earlier of January 1, 2012, or when the department is able to issue the plates, the department shall issue special license plates to qualified applicants under this section for motorcycles, passenger cars, trucks, or noncommercial or recreational motor vehicles that do not exceed sixteen thousand pounds empty weight. (2) (a) There is hereby established the juvenile diabetes special license plate. The department may stop issuing the juvenile diabetes special license plate if three thousand license plates are not issued by July 1, 2014. A person may continue to use the juvenile diabetes special license plate after July 1, 2014. (b) The juvenile diabetes research foundation may design the special license plate. The design for the special license plate must conform with standards established by the department and is subject to the department's approval. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 259 of 764 Uncertified Printout (3) A person may apply for a juvenile diabetes special license plate if the person pays the taxes and fees required under this section. (4) The amount of the taxes and fees for special license plates under this section is the same as the amount of the taxes and fees for regular motor vehicle license plates; except that the department shall collect a one-time fee of twenty-five dollars for issuance or replacement of each such license plate. The department shall transmit the additional one-time fee to the state treasurer, who shall credit the fee to the highway users tax fund created in section 43-4-201, C.R.S. (5) An applicant may apply for personalized juvenile diabetes special license plates. Upon payment of the additional fee required by section 42-3-211 (6)(a) for personalized license plates, the department may issue such plates if the applicant complies with section 42-3-211. If an applicant has existing personalized license plates for a motor vehicle, the applicant may transfer the combination of letters or numbers to a new set of juvenile diabetes special license plates for the vehicle upon paying the fee required by section 42-3-211 (6)(a) and upon turning in the existing plates to the department. A person who has obtained personalized juvenile diabetes special license plates under this subsection (5) shall pay the annual fee imposed by section 42-3-211 (6)(b) for renewal of such personalized plates. The fees under this subsection (5) are in addition to all other applicable taxes and fees. Source: L. 2011: Entire section added, (HB 11-1166), ch. 276, p. 1241, § 1, effective August 10. 42-3-239. Special plates - Colorado Avalanche or Denver Nuggets. (1) Beginning the earlier of January 1, 2012, or when the department is able to issue the plates, the department shall issue special license plates to qualified applicants under this section for motorcycles, passenger cars, trucks, or noncommercial or recreational motor vehicles that do not exceed sixteen thousand pounds empty weight. (2) (a) There is hereby established the Colorado Avalanche and Denver Nuggets special license plates. The department may stop issuing either the Colorado Avalanche or Denver Nuggets special license plate if a total of three thousand license plates, of either design, are not issued by July 1, 2016. A person may continue to use either the Colorado Avalanche or Denver Nuggets special license plate after July 1, 2016. (b) Kroenke sports charities may design the special license plates, but the design must conform with standards established by the department. (3) (a) A person may apply for a Colorado Avalanche or Denver Nuggets special license plate if the person pays the taxes and fees required under this section and provides to the department or an authorized agent a certificate, issued by Kroenke sports charities or its successor organization, confirming that the applicant has donated forty-five dollars to Kroenke sports charities. (b) Kroenke sports charities, or its successor organization, shall file with the department an annual statement verifying that it is a nonprofit organization. (4) The amount of the taxes and fees for special license plates under this section is the same as the amount of the taxes and fees for regular motor vehicle license plates; except that the department shall collect a one-time fee of twenty-five dollars for issuance or replacement of each such license plate. The department shall transmit the additional one-time fee to the state Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 260 of 764 Uncertified Printout treasurer, who shall credit the fee to the highway users tax fund created in section 43-4-201, C.R.S. (5) An applicant may apply for personalized Colorado Avalanche or Denver Nuggets special license plates. Upon payment of the additional fee required by section 42-3-211 (6)(a) for personalized license plates, the department may issue the plates if the applicant complies with section 42-3-211. If an applicant has existing personalized license plates for a motor vehicle, the applicant may transfer the combination of letters or numbers to a new set of Colorado Avalanche or Denver Nuggets special license plates for the vehicle upon paying the fee required by section 42-3-211 (6)(a) and upon turning in the existing plates to the department. A person who has obtained personalized Colorado Avalanche or Denver Nuggets special license plates under this subsection (5) shall pay the annual fee imposed by section 42-3-211 (6)(b) for renewal of the personalized plates. The fees under this subsection (5) are in addition to all other applicable taxes and fees. Source: L. 2011: Entire section added, (HB 11-1316), ch. 192, p. 738, § 1, effective August 10. 42-3-240. Special plates - Craig hospital. (1) Beginning the earlier of January 1, 2012, or when the department is able to issue the plates, the department shall issue special license plates to qualified applicants under this section for motorcycles, passenger cars, trucks, or noncommercial or recreational motor vehicles that do not exceed sixteen thousand pounds empty weight. (2) (a) There is hereby established the Craig hospital special license plate. The department may stop issuing the Craig hospital special license plate if three thousand license plates are not issued by July 1, 2016. A person may continue to use the Craig hospital special license plate after July 1, 2016. (b) Craig hospital may design the special license plates, but the design must conform with standards established by the department. (3) (a) A person may apply for a Craig hospital special license plate if the person pays the taxes and fees required under this section. (b) Craig hospital, or its successor organization, shall file with the department an annual statement verifying that it is a nonprofit organization. (4) The amount of the taxes and fees for special license plates under this section is the same as the amount of the taxes and fees for regular motor vehicle license plates; except that the department shall collect a one-time fee of twenty-five dollars for issuance or replacement of each such license plate. The department shall transmit the additional one-time fee to the state treasurer, who shall credit the fee to the highway users tax fund created in section 43-4-201, C.R.S. (5) An applicant may apply for personalized Craig hospital license plates. Upon payment of the additional fee required by section 42-3-211 (6)(a) for personalized license plates, the department may issue such plates if the applicant complies with section 42-3-211. If an applicant has existing personalized license plates for a motor vehicle, the applicant may transfer the combination of letters or numbers to a new set of Craig hospital special license plates for the vehicle upon paying the fee required by section 42-3-211 (6)(a) and upon turning in such existing plates to the department. A person who has obtained personalized Craig hospital special Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 261 of 764 Uncertified Printout license plates under this subsection (5) shall pay the annual fee imposed by section 42-3-211 (6)(b) for renewal of such personalized plates. The fees under this subsection (5) are in addition to all other applicable taxes and fees. Source: L. 2011: Entire section added, (HB 11-1298), ch. 251, p. 1090, § 1, effective August 10. L. 2018: (3)(a) amended, (HB 18-1275), ch. 168, p. 1143, § 1, effective August 8. 42-3-241. Special plates - Colorado Rockies. (1) Beginning the earlier of January 1, 2013, or when the department is able to issue the plates, the department shall issue special license plates to qualified applicants under this section for motorcycles, passenger cars, trucks, or noncommercial or recreational motor vehicles that do not exceed sixteen thousand pounds empty weight. (2) (a) There is hereby established the Colorado Rockies special license plate. The department may stop issuing the Colorado Rockies special license plate if a total of three thousand license plates are not issued by July 1, 2017. A person who was issued a Colorado Rockies special license plate on or before July 1, 2017, may continue to use the Colorado Rockies special license plate after July 1, 2017, regardless of whether the department stops issuing the special license plate. (b) The Colorado Rockies baseball club foundation may design the special license plate if the plate conforms with standards established by the department. (3) (a) A person may apply for a Colorado Rockies special license plate if the person pays the taxes and fees required under this section and provides to the department or an authorized agent a certificate, issued by the Colorado Rockies baseball club foundation, or its successor organization, confirming that the applicant has donated fifty-two dollars and eighty cents to the foundation. (b) The Colorado Rockies baseball club foundation, or its successor organization, shall file with the department an annual statement verifying that it is a nonprofit organization. (4) The amount of the taxes and fees for special license plates under this section are the same as the amount of the taxes and fees for regular motor vehicle license plates; except that the department shall collect a one-time fee of twenty-five dollars for issuance or replacement of the license plate. The department shall transmit the additional one-time fee to the state treasurer, who shall credit the fee to the highway users tax fund created in section 43-4-201, C.R.S. (5) An applicant may apply for personalized Colorado Rockies special license plates. Upon payment of the additional fee required by section 42-3-211 (6)(a) for personalized license plates, the department may issue the plates if the applicant complies with section 42-3-211. If an applicant has existing personalized license plates for a motor vehicle, the applicant may transfer the combination of letters or numbers to a new set of Colorado Rockies special license plates for the vehicle upon paying the fee required by section 42-3-211 (6)(a) and upon turning in the existing plates to the department. A person who has obtained personalized Colorado Rockies license plates under this subsection (5) shall pay the annual fee imposed by section 42-3-211 (6)(b) for renewal of the personalized plates. The fees under this subsection (5) are in addition to all other applicable taxes and fees. Source: L. 2012: Entire section added, (HB 12-1295), ch. 89, p. 290, § 1, effective August 8. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 262 of 764 Uncertified Printout 42-3-242. Special plates - fallen heroes. (1) Beginning the earlier of January 1, 2013, or when the department is able to issue the plates, the department shall issue special license plates to qualified applicants under this section for motorcycles, passenger cars, trucks, or noncommercial or recreational motor vehicles that do not exceed sixteen thousand pounds empty weight. (2) (a) There is hereby established the fallen heroes special license plate. The department may stop issuing the fallen heroes special license plate if a total of three thousand license plates are not issued by July 1, 2017. A person who was issued a fallen heroes special license plate on or before July 1, 2017, may continue to use the fallen heroes special license plate after July 1, 2017, regardless of whether the department stops issuing the special license plate. (b) The Colorado chapter of the concerns of police survivors, inc., may design the special license plate if the plate conforms with standards established by the department. (3) (a) A person may apply for a fallen heroes license plate if the person pays the taxes and fees required under this section and provides to the department or an authorized agent a certificate, issued by the Colorado chapter of the concerns of police survivors, inc., or its successor organization, confirming that the applicant has donated fifty dollars to the Colorado chapter of the concerns of police survivors, inc. (b) The Colorado chapter of the concerns of police survivors, inc., or its successor organization, shall file with the department an annual statement verifying that it is a nonprofit organization. (4) The amount of the taxes and fees for special license plates under this section are the same as the amount of the taxes and fees for regular motor vehicle license plates; except that the department shall collect a one-time fee of twenty-five dollars for issuance or replacement of the license plate. The department shall transmit the additional one-time fee to the state treasurer, who shall credit the fee to the highway users tax fund created in section 43-4-201, C.R.S. (5) An applicant may apply for personalized fallen heroes special license plates. Upon payment of the additional fee required by section 42-3-211 (6)(a) for personalized license plates, the department may issue the plates if the applicant complies with section 42-3-211. If an applicant has existing personalized license plates for a motor vehicle, the applicant may transfer the combination of letters or numbers to a new set of fallen heroes special license plates for the vehicle upon paying the fee required by section 42-3-211 (6)(a) and upon turning in the existing plates to the department. A person who has obtained personalized fallen heroes special license plates under this subsection (5) shall pay the annual fee imposed by section 42-3-211 (6)(b) for renewal of the personalized plates. The fees under this subsection (5) are in addition to all other applicable taxes and fees. Source: L. 2012: Entire section added, (HB 12-1023), ch. 134, p. 460, § 1, effective August 8. 42-3-243. Special plates - child loss awareness. (1) Beginning the earlier of January 1, 2013, or when the department is able to issue the plates, the department shall issue special license plates to applicants under this section for motorcycles, passenger cars, trucks, or noncommercial or recreational motor vehicles that do not exceed sixteen thousand pounds empty weight. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 263 of 764 Uncertified Printout (2) (a) There is hereby established the child loss awareness license plate. The department may stop issuing the child loss awareness special license plate if a total of three thousand license plates are not issued by July 1, 2017. A person who was issued a child loss awareness special license plate on or before July 1, 2017, may continue to use the child loss awareness special license plate after July 1, 2017, regardless of whether the department stops issuing the special license plate. (b) The Rowan tree foundation may design the special license plates if the design conforms with standards established by the department. (3) A person may apply for a child loss awareness license plate if the person pays the taxes and fees required under this section. (4) The amount of the taxes and fees for special license plates under this section are the same as the amount of the taxes and fees for regular motor vehicle license plates; except that the department shall collect a one-time fee of twenty-five dollars for issuance or replacement of the license plate. The department shall transmit the additional one-time fee to the state treasurer, who shall credit the fee to the highway users tax fund created in section 43-4-201, C.R.S. (5) An applicant may apply for personalized child loss awareness license plates. Upon payment of the additional fee required by section 42-3-211 (6)(a) for personalized license plates, the department may issue the plates if the applicant complies with section 42-3-211. If an applicant has existing personalized license plates for a motor vehicle, the applicant may transfer the combination of letters or numbers to a new set of child loss awareness license plates for the vehicle upon paying the fee required by section 42-3-211 (6)(a) and upon turning in the existing plates to the department. A person who has obtained personalized child loss awareness license plates under this subsection (5) shall pay the annual fee imposed by section 42-3-211 (6)(b) for renewal of the personalized plates. The fees under this subsection (5) are in addition to all other applicable taxes and fees. Source: L. 2012: Entire section added, (HB 12-1131), ch. 146, p. 526, § 1, effective August 8. 42-3-244. Special plates - flight for life Colorado. (1) Beginning the earlier of January 1, 2013, or when the department is able to issue the plates, the department shall issue special license plates to qualified applicants under this section for motorcycles, passenger cars, trucks, or noncommercial or recreational motor vehicles that do not exceed sixteen thousand pounds empty weight. (2) (a) There is hereby established the flight for life Colorado license plate. The department may stop issuing the flight for life Colorado license plate if a total of three thousand license plates are not issued by July 1, 2017. A person who was issued a flight for life Colorado license plate on or before July 1, 2017, may continue to use the plate after July 1, 2017, regardless of whether the department stops issuing the license plate. (b) Flight for life Colorado may design the special license plate if the plate conforms with standards established by the department. (3) (a) A person may apply for a flight for life Colorado license plate if the person pays the taxes and fees required under this section and provides to the department or an authorized agent a certificate issued by flight for life Colorado, or its successor organization, confirming that the applicant has donated twenty-five dollars to flight for life Colorado. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 264 of 764 Uncertified Printout (b) Flight for life Colorado, or its successor organization, shall file with the department an annual statement verifying that it is a nonprofit organization. (4) The amount of the taxes and fees for special license plates under this section are the same as the amount of the taxes and fees for regular motor vehicle license plates; except that the department shall collect a one-time fee of twenty-five dollars for issuance or replacement of the license plate. The department shall transmit the additional one-time fee to the state treasurer, who shall credit the fee to the highway users tax fund created in section 43-4-201, C.R.S. (5) An applicant may apply for personalized flight for life Colorado license plates. Upon payment of the additional fee required by section 42-3-211 (6)(a) for personalized license plates, the department may issue the plates if the applicant complies with section 42-3-211. If an applicant has existing personalized license plates for a motor vehicle, the applicant may transfer the combination of letters or numbers to a new set of flight for life Colorado license plates for the vehicle upon paying the fee required by section 42-3-211 (6)(a) and upon turning in the existing plates to the department. A person who has obtained personalized flight for life Colorado license plates under this subsection (5) shall pay the annual fee imposed by section 423-211 (6)(b) for renewal of the personalized plates. The fees under this subsection (5) are in addition to all other applicable taxes and fees. Source: L. 2012: Entire section added, (HB 12-1302), ch. 215, p. 926, § 1, effective August 8. 42-3-245. Special plates - wildlife sporting. (1) Beginning the earlier of January 1, 2013, or when the department is able to issue the plates, the department shall issue special license plates to qualified applicants under this section for motorcycles, passenger cars, trucks, or noncommercial or recreational motor vehicles that do not exceed sixteen thousand pounds empty weight; except that the department shall not issue the license plate until the proponents comply with section 42-3-207 (6). (2) (a) There is hereby established the wildlife sporting license plate. The department may stop issuing the license plate if a total of three thousand license plates are not issued by July 1, 2017. A person who was issued a license plate on or before July 1, 2017, may continue to use the license plate after July 1, 2017, regardless of whether the department stops issuing the special license plate. (b) The division of parks and wildlife may design the special license plate in consultation with sportsmen's advisory groups. The plate must conform with standards established by the department. (3) A person may apply for a wildlife sporting license plate if the person pays the taxes and fees required under this section. (4) (a) The amount of the taxes and fees for special license plates under this section is the same as the amount of the taxes and fees specified for regular motor vehicle license plates; except that the department shall collect the following fees: (I) A one-time, twenty-five-dollar fee for issuance or replacement of the license plate, which fee the department shall transmit to the state treasurer, who shall credit the same to the highway users tax fund created in section 43-4-201, C.R.S.; Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 265 of 764 Uncertified Printout (II) A one-time, ten-dollar fee for issuance or replacement of the wildlife sporting license plate, which fee the department shall transmit to the state treasurer, who shall credit the same to the wildlife cash fund created in section 33-1-112, C.R.S.; and (III) An annual twenty-five-dollar renewal fee, which the department shall transmit to the state treasurer, who shall credit the same to the wildlife cash fund created in section 33-1112, C.R.S.; except that the department and its authorized agents may retain the portion of the fee necessary to offset implementing this subparagraph (III), up to a maximum of two dollars. (b) The division of parks and wildlife shall use the money from fees paid under subparagraphs (II) and (III) of paragraph (a) of this subsection (4) for the following purposes: (I) Providing grants to create and enhance shooting ranges and areas throughout Colorado to increase public recreational shooting opportunities, including hunter education, marksmanship training, and youth shooting; (II) Providing grants to local and county governments, park and recreation departments, water districts, angling organizations, and others for projects to improve fishing opportunities in Colorado. (5) An applicant may apply for personalized wildlife sporting license plates. Upon payment of the additional fee required by section 42-3-211 (6)(a) for personalized license plates, the department may issue the plates if the applicant complies with section 42-3-211. If an applicant has existing personalized license plates for a motor vehicle, the applicant may transfer the combination of letters or numbers to a new set of wildlife sporting license plates for the vehicle upon paying the fee required by section 42-3-211 (6)(a) and upon turning in the existing plates to the department. A person who has obtained personalized wildlife sporting license plates under this subsection (5) shall pay the annual fee imposed by section 42-3-211 (6)(b) for renewal of the personalized plates. The fees under this subsection (5) are in addition to all other applicable taxes and fees. Source: L. 2012: Entire section added, (HB 12-1275), ch. 194, p. 773, § 1, effective August 8. L. 2013: (1) amended, (HB 13-1300), ch. 316, p. 1708, § 136, effective August 7. 42-3-246. Special plates - "Protect Our Rivers". (1) Beginning the earlier of January 1, 2014, or when the department is able to issue the plates, the department shall issue special license plates to qualified applicants under this section for motorcycles, passenger cars, trucks, or noncommercial or recreational motor vehicles that do not exceed sixteen thousand pounds empty weight. (2) (a) There is hereby established the "Protect Our Rivers" license plate. The department may stop issuing the "Protect Our Rivers" license plate if three thousand license plates are not issued by July 1, 2017. A person may continue to use the "Protect Our Rivers" license plate after July 1, 2017. (b) Colorado trout unlimited may design the special license plates, but the design must conform with standards established by the department. (3) (a) A person may apply for a "Protect Our Rivers" license plate if the person pays the taxes and fees required under this section and provides to the department or an authorized agent a certificate, issued by Colorado trout unlimited or its successor organization, confirming that the applicant has donated twenty-five dollars to Colorado trout unlimited. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 266 of 764 Uncertified Printout (b) Colorado trout unlimited shall file with the department an annual statement verifying that it is a nonprofit organization unless the department stops issuing the license plate pursuant to paragraph (a) of subsection (2) of this section. (c) Colorado trout unlimited shall not use any moneys from a donation made under paragraph (a) of this subsection (3) for litigation or lobbying. (4) The amount of the taxes and fees for special license plates under this section are the same as the amount of the taxes and fees for regular motor vehicle license plates; except that the department shall collect a one-time fee of twenty-five dollars for issuance or replacement of each license plate. The department shall transmit the additional one-time fee to the state treasurer, who shall credit the fee to the highway users tax fund created in section 43-4-201, C.R.S. (5) An applicant may apply for personalized "Protect Our Rivers" license plates. Upon payment of the additional fee required by section 42-3-211 (6)(a) for personalized license plates, the department may issue the plates if the applicant complies with section 42-3-211. If an applicant has existing personalized license plates for a motor vehicle, the applicant may transfer the combination of letters or numbers to a new set of "Protect Our Rivers" license plates for the vehicle upon paying the fee required by section 42-3-211 (6)(a) and upon turning in the existing plates to the department. A person who has obtained personalized "Protect Our Rivers" license plates under this subsection (5) shall pay the annual fee imposed by section 42-3-211 (6)(b) for renewal of the personalized plates. The fees under this subsection (5) are in addition to all other applicable taxes and fees. Source: L. 2013: Entire section added, (SB 13-224), ch. 245, p. 1184, § 1, effective August 7. 42-3-247. Special plates - emergency medical services (EMS). (1) Beginning the earlier of January 1, 2015, or when the department is able to issue the plates, the department shall issue special license plates to qualified applicants in accordance with this section for motorcycles, passenger cars, trucks, or noncommercial or recreational motor vehicles that do not exceed sixteen thousand pounds empty weight. (2) (a) There is hereby established the EMS license plate. The department may stop issuing the EMS license plate if three thousand license plates are not issued by July 1, 2019. A person who was issued an EMS license plate on or before July 1, 2019, may continue to use the license plate after July 1, 2019, regardless of whether the department stops issuing the special license plate. (b) The emergency medical services association of Colorado may design the special license plate, but the plate must conform with standards established by the department. (3) (a) A person may apply for an EMS license plate if the person pays the taxes and fees required under this section and provides to the department or an authorized agent a certificate issued by the emergency medical services association of Colorado, or its successor organization, confirming that the applicant has donated ten dollars to the emergency medical services association of Colorado. (b) The emergency medical services association of Colorado, or its successor organization, shall file with the department an annual statement verifying that it is a nonprofit organization unless the department stops issuing the license plate. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 267 of 764 Uncertified Printout (4) The amount of the taxes and fees for special license plates under this section are the same as the amount of the taxes and fees for regular motor vehicle license plates; except that the department shall collect a one-time fee of twenty-five dollars for issuance or replacement of the license plate. The department shall transmit the additional one-time fee to the state treasurer, who shall credit the fee to the highway users tax fund created in section 43-4-201, C.R.S. (5) An applicant may apply for personalized EMS license plates. Upon payment of the additional fee required by section 42-3-211 (6)(a) for personalized license plates, the department may issue the plates if the applicant complies with section 42-3-211. If an applicant has existing personalized license plates for a motor vehicle, the applicant may transfer the combination of letters or numbers to a new set of EMS license plates for the vehicle upon paying the fee required by section 42-3-211 (6)(a) and upon turning in the existing plates to the department. A person who has obtained personalized EMS license plates under this subsection (5) shall pay the annual fee imposed by section 42-3-211 (6)(b) for renewal of the personalized plates. The fees under this subsection (5) are in addition to all other applicable taxes and fees. Source: L. 2014: Entire section added, (SB 14-036), ch. 334, p. 1486, § 1, effective August 6. 42-3-248. Special plates - Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). (1) Beginning the later of January 1, 2016, or when the Rocky Mountain Chapter of the ALS Association has complied with section 42-3-207 (6), the department shall issue special license plates to qualified applicants in accordance with this section for motorcycles, passenger cars, trucks, or noncommercial or recreational motor vehicles that do not exceed sixteen thousand pounds empty weight. (2) (a) There is hereby established the ALS license plate. The department may stop issuing the ALS license plate if three thousand license plates are not issued by July 1, 2020. A person who was issued an ALS license plate on or before July 1, 2020, may continue to use the license plate after July 1, 2020, regardless of whether the department stops issuing the special license plate. (b) The Rocky Mountain Chapter of the ALS Association may design the special license plate, but the plate must conform to standards established by the department. (3) A person may apply for an ALS license plate if the person pays the taxes and fees required under this section. (4) The amount of the taxes and fees for special license plates under this section is the same as the amount of the taxes and fees for regular motor vehicle license plates; except that the department shall collect a one-time fee of twenty-five dollars for issuance or replacement of the license plate. The department shall transmit the additional one-time fee to the state treasurer, who shall credit the fee to the highway users tax fund created in section 43-4-201, C.R.S. (5) An applicant may apply for personalized ALS license plates. Upon payment of the additional fee required by section 42-3-211 (6)(a) for personalized license plates, the department may issue the plates if the applicant complies with section 42-3-211. If an applicant has existing personalized license plates for a motor vehicle, the applicant may transfer the combination of letters or numbers to a new set of ALS license plates for the vehicle upon paying the fee required by section 42-3-211 (6)(a) and upon turning in the existing plates to the department. A person who has obtained personalized ALS license plates under this subsection (5) shall pay the annual Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 268 of 764 Uncertified Printout fee imposed by section 42-3-211 (6)(b) for renewal of the personalized plates. The fees under this subsection (5) are in addition to all other applicable taxes and fees. Source: L. 2015: Entire section added, (SB 15-229), ch. 293, p. 1195, § 1, effective August 5. 42-3-249. Special plates - Rocky Mountain National Park. (1) Beginning the earlier of November 15, 2015, or when the department is able to issue the plates, the department shall issue special license plates to qualified applicants in accordance with this section for motorcycles, passenger cars, trucks, or noncommercial or recreational motor vehicles that do not exceed sixteen thousand pounds empty weight. (2) (a) There is hereby established the Rocky Mountain National Park license plate. The department may stop issuing the Rocky Mountain National Park license plate if three thousand license plates are not issued by July 1, 2020. A person who was issued a Rocky Mountain National Park license plate on or before July 1, 2020, may continue to use the license plate after July 1, 2020, regardless of whether the department stops issuing the special license plate. (b) The Rocky Mountain Conservancy may design the special license plate, but the plate must conform with standards established by the department. (3) (a) At least once every five years, the department shall designate an organization to qualify applicants to be issued the Rocky Mountain National Park license plate. The organization must: (I) Be based in Colorado; (II) Have been in existence for at least ten years; (III) Manage a conservation program for the benefit of the park; (IV) Help promote the stewardship of the park; (V) Fund trail building and maintenance within the park; (VI) Provide interns or volunteers to staff visitor centers or deliver education programs to visitors; and (VII) Have provided at least five hundred thousand dollars' worth of support annually to the park for the last five years. (b) A person may apply for a Rocky Mountain National Park license plate if the person pays the taxes and fees required under this section and provides to the department or an authorized agent a certificate issued by the organization chosen in accordance with this subsection (3) confirming that the applicant has made a donation to the organization. The organization may establish a minimum donation amount to qualify for the plate. The amount must neither be less than twenty-five dollars nor more than seventy-five dollars. The organization shall use the donation to support Rocky Mountain National Park in a manner specified by the national park service. (c) The organization chosen in accordance with this subsection (3) shall file with the department an annual statement verifying that it is a nonprofit organization unless the department stops issuing the license plate. (4) The amount of the taxes and fees for special license plates under this section is the same as the amount of the taxes and fees for regular motor vehicle license plates; except that the department shall collect an additional one-time fee of twenty-five dollars for issuance or replacement of the license plate. The department shall transmit the additional one-time fee to the Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 269 of 764 Uncertified Printout state treasurer, who shall credit the fee to the highway users tax fund created in section 43-4-201, C.R.S. (5) An applicant may apply for personalized Rocky Mountain National Park license plates. Upon payment of the additional fee required by section 42-3-211 (6)(a) for personalized license plates, the department may issue the plates if the applicant complies with section 42-3211. If an applicant has existing personalized license plates for a motor vehicle, the applicant may transfer the combination of letters or numbers to a new set of Rocky Mountain National Park license plates for the vehicle upon paying the fee required by section 42-3-211 (6)(a) and upon turning in the existing plates to the department. A person who has obtained personalized license plates under this subsection (5) shall pay the annual fee imposed by section 42-3-211 (6)(b) for renewal of the personalized plates. The fees under this subsection (5) are in addition to all other applicable taxes and fees. Source: L. 2015: Entire section added, (HB 15-1313), ch. 243, p. 898, § 1, effective August 5. 42-3-250. Special plates - Pueblo chile license plate. (1) Beginning on the earlier of September 1, 2018, or when the department is able to issue the plates, the department shall issue special license plates to qualified applicants in accordance with this section for motorcycles, passenger cars, trucks, or noncommercial or recreational motor vehicles that do not exceed sixteen thousand pounds empty weight. (2) (a) There is hereby established the Pueblo chile license plate. The department may stop issuing the Pueblo chile license plate if fewer than three thousand license plates are issued by July 1, 2022. A person who was issued a Pueblo chile license plate on or before July 1, 2022, may continue to use the license plate after July 1, 2022, regardless of whether the department stops issuing the special license plate. (b) The department shall use a design from an association of Pueblo chile growers, but the design must conform to department standards and be approved by the department. (3) The amount of the taxes and fees for special license plates under this section is the same as the amount of the taxes and fees for regular motor vehicle license plates; except that the department shall collect an additional one-time fee of twenty-five dollars for issuance or replacement of the license plate. The department shall transmit the additional one-time fee to the state treasurer, who shall credit the fee to the highway users tax fund created in section 43-4-201. (4) An applicant may apply for personalized Pueblo chile license plates. Upon payment of the additional fee required by section 42-3-211 (6)(a) for personalized license plates, the department may issue the plates if the applicant complies with section 42-3-211. If an applicant has existing personalized license plates for a motor vehicle, the applicant may transfer the combination of letters or numbers to a new set of Pueblo chile license plates for the vehicle upon paying the fee required by section 42-3-211 (6)(a) and upon turning in the existing plates to the department. A person who has obtained personalized license plates under this subsection (4) shall pay the annual fee imposed by section 42-3-211 (6)(b) for renewal of the personalized plates. The fees under this subsection (4) are in addition to all other applicable taxes and fees. Source: L. 2017: Entire section added, (HB 17-1012), ch. 142, p. 472, § 1, effective April 18. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 270 of 764 Uncertified Printout 42-3-251. Special plates - aviation license plate. (1) Beginning on the earlier of September 1, 2018, or when the department is able to issue the plates, the department shall issue special license plates to qualified applicants in accordance with this section for motorcycles, passenger cars, trucks, or noncommercial or recreational motor vehicles that do not exceed sixteen thousand pounds empty weight. (2) (a) There is hereby established the aviation license plate. The department may stop issuing the aviation license plate if fewer than three thousand license plates are issued by July 1, 2022. A person who was issued an aviation license plate on or before July 1, 2022, may continue to use the license plate after July 1, 2022, regardless of whether the department stops issuing the special license plate. (b) The department shall use a design of the Colorado Aviation Business Association, but the design must conform to department standards and be approved by the department. (3) The amount of the taxes and fees for special license plates under this section is the same as the amount of the taxes and fees for regular motor vehicle license plates; except that the department shall collect an additional one-time fee of twenty-five dollars for issuance or replacement of the license plate. The department shall transmit the additional one-time fee to the state treasurer, who shall credit the fee to the highway users tax fund created in section 43-4-201. (4) An applicant may apply for personalized aviation license plates. Upon payment of the additional fee required by section 42-3-211 (6)(a) for personalized license plates, the department may issue the plates if the applicant complies with section 42-3-211. If an applicant has existing personalized license plates for a motor vehicle, the applicant may transfer the combination of letters or numbers to a new set of aviation license plates for the vehicle upon paying the fee required by section 42-3-211 (6)(a) and upon turning in the existing plates to the department. A person who has obtained personalized license plates under this subsection (4) shall pay the annual fee imposed by section 42-3-211 (6)(b) for renewal of the personalized plates. The fees under this subsection (4) are in addition to all other applicable taxes and fees. Source: L. 2017: Entire section added, (HB 17-1212), ch. 378, p. 1947, § 1, effective August 9. 42-3-252. Special plates - childhood cancer awareness plate - short title. (1) The short title of this section is the "Gabriel Santistevan Childhood Cancer License Plate Act". (2) Beginning on or before January 1, 2019, the department shall issue special license plates to qualified applicants in accordance with this section for motorcycles, passenger cars, trucks, or noncommercial or recreational motor vehicles that do not exceed sixteen thousand pounds empty weight. (3) (a) There is hereby established the childhood cancer awareness license plate. The department may stop issuing the plate if fewer than three thousand plates are issued by July 1, 2023. A person who was issued a childhood cancer awareness license plate on or before July 1, 2023, may continue to use it after July 1, 2023, regardless of whether the department stops issuing the special license plate. (b) The department shall use a design from an organization meeting the standards of subsection (4) of this section, but the design must conform to department standards and be approved by the department. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 271 of 764 Uncertified Printout (4) (a) At least once every five years, the department shall designate an organization to qualify applicants to be issued the childhood cancer awareness license plate. The organization must: (I) Be headquartered in Colorado; (II) Have been in existence for at least five years; (III) Ensure that the money from the donations required in subsection (4)(b) of this section covers costs for operations in Colorado or is spent, in accordance with subsection (4)(a)(IV) of this section, in Colorado; and (IV) Spend at least fifty percent of the organization's revenue financially assisting: (A) Families with minors being treated in Colorado for cancer; or (B) Research foundations that provide money for pediatric cancer research. (b) A person may apply for a childhood cancer awareness license plate if the person pays the taxes and fees required under this section and provides to the department or an authorized agent a certificate issued by the organization chosen in accordance with this subsection (4) confirming that the applicant has made a donation to the organization. The organization may establish a minimum donation amount to qualify for the plate. The amount must neither be less than twenty-five dollars nor more than seventy-five dollars. The organization shall use the donation to financially assist: (I) Families of a minor being treated in Colorado for cancer; or (II) Research foundations that provide money for pediatric cancer research. (c) To qualify applicants to have a childhood cancer awareness license plate, the organization chosen in accordance with this subsection (4) must file with the department an annual statement verifying that it is a nonprofit organization unless the department stops issuing the license plate. (5) The amount of the taxes and fees for special license plates under this section is the same as the amount of the taxes and fees for regular motor vehicle license plates; except that the department shall collect an additional one-time fee of twenty-five dollars for issuance or replacement of the license plate. The department shall transmit the additional one-time fee to the state treasurer, who shall credit the fee to the highway users tax fund created in section 43-4-201. (6) An applicant may apply for personalized childhood cancer awareness license plates. Upon payment of the additional fee required by section 42-3-211 (6)(a) for personalized license plates, the department may issue the plates if the applicant complies with section 42-3-211. If an applicant has existing personalized license plates for a motor vehicle, the applicant may transfer the combination of letters or numbers to a new set of childhood cancer awareness license plates for the vehicle upon paying the fee required by section 42-3-211 (6)(a) and upon turning in the existing plates to the department. A person who has obtained personalized license plates under this subsection (6) shall pay the annual fee imposed by section 42-3-211 (6)(b) for renewal of the personalized plates. The fees under this subsection (6) are in addition to all other applicable taxes and fees. Source: L. 2018: Entire section added, (HB 18-1255), ch. 226, p. 1434, § 1, effective August 8. 42-3-253. Special plates - Mesa Verde National Park. (1) The department shall issue special license plates to qualified applicants in accordance with this section for motorcycles, Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 272 of 764 Uncertified Printout passenger cars, trucks, or noncommercial or recreational motor vehicles that do not exceed sixteen thousand pounds empty weight. (2) (a) There is hereby established the Mesa Verde National Park license plate. (b) The department shall use a design from an organization meeting the standards of subsection (3) of this section, but the design must conform to department standards and be approved by the department. (3) (a) At least once every five years, the department shall designate an organization to qualify applicants to be issued the Mesa Verde National Park license plate. The organization must: (I) Be headquartered in Colorado; (II) Have been in existence for at least twenty years; (III) Be a nonprofit organization exempt from taxation; (IV) Help promote the stewardship of the park; (V) Fund capital improvements and other rehabilitation projects within the park; (VI) Help fund educational programs that promote the park's cultural and natural resources; and (VII) Have donated land to enlarge the park's boundaries. (b) A person may apply for a Mesa Verde National Park license plate if the person pays the taxes and fees required under this section and provides to the department or an authorized agent a certificate issued by the organization chosen in accordance with this subsection (3) confirming that the applicant has made a donation to the organization. The organization may establish a minimum donation amount to qualify for the plate. The amount must neither be less than twenty-five dollars nor more than seventy-five dollars. The organization shall use the donation to support Mesa Verde National Park in a manner specified by the national park service. (c) To qualify applicants to have a Mesa Verde National Park license plate, the organization chosen in accordance with this subsection (3) must file with the department an annual statement verifying that it is a nonprofit organization. (4) The amount of the taxes and fees for special license plates under this section is the same as the amount of the taxes and fees for regular motor vehicle license plates; except that the department shall collect an additional one-time fee of twenty-five dollars for issuance or replacement of the license plate. The department shall transmit the additional one-time fee to the state treasurer, who shall credit the fee to the highway users tax fund created in section 43-4-201. (5) A person may apply for personalized Mesa Verde National Park license plates. Upon payment of the additional fee required by section 42-3-211 (6)(a) for personalized license plates, the department may issue the plates if the applicant complies with section 42-3-211. If an applicant has existing personalized license plates for a motor vehicle, the applicant may transfer the combination of letters or numbers to a new set of Mesa Verde National Park license plates for the vehicle upon paying the fee required by section 42-3-211 (6)(a) and upon turning in the existing plates to the department. A person who has obtained personalized license plates under this subsection (5) must pay the annual fee imposed by section 42-3-211 (6)(b) for renewal of the personalized plates. The fees under this subsection (5) are in addition to all other applicable taxes and fees. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 273 of 764 Uncertified Printout Source: L. 2019: Entire section added, (HB 19-1255), ch. 348, p. 3235, § 1, effective August 2. 42-3-254. Special plates - Colorado professional fire fighters - definition. (1) The department shall issue special license plates to qualified applicants in accordance with this section for motorcycles, passenger cars, trucks, or noncommercial or recreational motor vehicles that do not exceed sixteen thousand pounds empty weight. (2) (a) There is hereby established the Colorado professional fire fighters license plate. (b) The department shall use a design from an organization meeting the standards of subsection (3) of this section, but the design must conform to department standards and be approved by the department. (3) (a) At least once every five years, the department shall designate an organization to qualify applicants to be issued the Colorado professional fire fighters license plate. The organization must: (I) Be headquartered in Colorado; (II) Have been in existence for at least twenty years; (III) Have a minimum of three thousand members residing in Colorado; (IV) Be a nonprofit organization exempt from taxation; and (V) Provide aid and support, either directly or through an affiliated entity, to Colorado professional fire fighters. (b) (I) A person may apply for a Colorado professional fire fighters license plate if the person pays the taxes and fees required under this section and provides to the department or an authorized agent a certificate issued by the organization chosen in accordance with this subsection (3) confirming that the applicant has made a donation to the designated organization and that the applicant is a member in good standing of the designated organization. The organization may establish a minimum donation amount to qualify for the plate. The organization must verify that the person requesting a certificate is or was a professional fire fighter and shall provide a certificate only to an individual who is or was a professional fire fighter. (II) The organization chosen in accordance with this subsection (3) shall use the donation required in this subsection (3)(b) to directly aid and support first responders, fire fighters, and family members of first responders or fire fighters. The organization shall file an annual statement accounting for the collection and use of the donations. (c) To qualify applicants to have a Colorado professional fire fighters license plate, the organization chosen in accordance with this subsection (3) must file with the department an annual statement verifying that it is a nonprofit organization. (4) The amount of the taxes and fees for special license plates under this section is the same as the amount of the taxes and fees for regular motor vehicle license plates; except that the department shall collect an additional one-time fee of twenty-five dollars for issuance or replacement of the license plate. The department shall transmit the additional one-time fee to the state treasurer, who shall credit the fee to the highway users tax fund created in section 43-4-201. (5) The general assembly determines that the Colorado professional fire fighters license plate is a distinctive special license plate, and, therefore, section 42-3-207 (5), (6), and (7) does not apply to this section. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 274 of 764 Uncertified Printout (6) For the purposes of this section, "professional fire fighter" means an officer of or member of the following if the officer or member receives compensation to directly end destructive fires: (a) A fire department; or (b) A fire-fighting agency of the state or of a political subdivision of the state. Source: L. 2019: Entire section added, (SB 19-167), ch. 221, p. 2247, § 1, effective August 2. PART 3 FEES AND CASH FUNDS 42-3-301. License plate cash fund - license plate fees. (1) (a) In addition to the payment of any fees for motor vehicle registration or for the issuance of license plates, decals, or validating tabs, each owner of a motor vehicle issued a license plate, decal, or validating tab for a motor vehicle pursuant to this article shall also pay a fee to cover the direct costs of such plates, decals, or tabs. The amount of the fee imposed pursuant to this section shall be as specified in paragraph (b) of subsection (2) of this section. (b) Fees collected pursuant to this section shall be transmitted to the state treasurer, who shall credit the same to the license plate cash fund, which fund is hereby created. The fund shall be administered by the state treasurer. Moneys in the fund shall be appropriated by the general assembly for the direct costs incurred by the department in purchasing, as provided in section 17-24-109.5 (2), C.R.S., license plates, decals, and validating tabs from the division of correctional industries, referred to in this section as the "division", in the department of corrections, and issuing license plates pursuant to this article. At the end of each fiscal year, any unexpended and unencumbered moneys in the fund remain in the fund. (2) (a) The fees imposed pursuant to subsection (1) of this section shall be limited to the amount necessary to recover the costs of the production and distribution of any license plates, decals, or validating tabs issued pursuant to this article 3 and the related support functions provided to the department of revenue by the division. The correctional industries advisory committee, established pursuant to section 17-24-104 (2), shall annually review and recommend to the director of the division the amounts of the fees to be imposed pursuant to subsection (1) of this section. The director of the division, in cooperation and consultation with the department of revenue and the office of state planning and budgeting, shall annually establish the amounts of the fees imposed pursuant to subsection (1) of this section to recover the division's costs pursuant to this subsection (2). (b) Notwithstanding any other provision of this article, with the exception of special license plates issued pursuant to section 42-3-213 for purple heart recipients, medal of valor recipients, former prisoners of war, survivors of the attack on Pearl Harbor, disabled veterans, or recipients of a medal of honor, the fees imposed by this subsection (2) shall apply to all other special license plates issued in accordance with this article. (c) The department may seek and accept gifts, grants, or donations from private or public sources for the purposes of this section; except that the department may not accept a gift, grant, Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 275 of 764 Uncertified Printout or donation that is subject to conditions that are inconsistent with this section or any other law of the state. Source: L. 2005: (1) amended, p. 143, § 9, effective April 5; entire article amended with relocations, p. 1134, § 2, effective August 8. L. 2006: (2)(a)(II) amended, p. 2038, § 2, effective August 7; (2)(a)(II) amended, p. 1485, § 2, effective August 7; (2)(a)(II) amended, p. 1068, § 2, effective August 7; (2)(b) amended, p. 921, § 3, effective January 1, 2007; (2)(a)(II) amended, p. 1623, § 2, effective July 1, 2007. L. 2007: (2)(a)(II) amended, p. 968, § 2, effective August 3; (2)(a)(II) amended, p. 2076, § 2, effective August 3. L. 2008: (2)(a)(II) amended, p. 2272, § 3, effective January 1, 2009. L. 2009: (1)(b) and (2)(a) amended, (HB 09-1133), ch. 307, p. 1654, § 1, effective August 5; (2)(a)(VIII) amended, (HB 09-1026), ch. 281, p. 1267, § 28, effective October 1.L. 2014: (1)(b) amended, (SB 14-194), ch. 346, p. 1551, § 18, effective June 5. L. 2015: (2)(c) added, (SB 15-090), ch. 334, p. 1360, § 3, see subsection (6) of the editor's note following this section. L. 2017: (2)(a) amended, (SB 17-031), ch. 92, p. 282, § 11, effective August 9. Editor's note: (1) This section is similar to former § 42-3-113 as it existed prior to 2005. (2) Subsection (1) was originally numbered as § 42-3-113 (6), and the amendments to it in Senate Bill 05-041 were harmonized with § 42-3-301 (1) as it appears in House Bill 05-1107. (3) Amendments to subsection (2)(a)(II) by House Bill 06-1339, Senate Bill 06-080, and House Bill 06-1404 were harmonized, effective August 7, 2006, and those amendments were harmonized with Senate Bill 06-100, effective July 1, 2007. (4) Amendments to subsection (2)(a)(II) by House Bill 07-1120 and Senate Bill 07-067 were harmonized. (5) Amendments to subsection (2)(a)(VIII) by House Bill 09-1026 were superseded by the amendments to subsection (2)(a) in House Bill 09-1133. (6) Section 6(1)(b) and 6(2) of chapter 334 (SB 15-090), Session Laws of Colorado 2015, provides that changes to this section by the act take effect only if the department of revenue receives enough gifts, grants, and donations for materials, start-up costs, and computer programming necessary to implement this act, and take effect January 1, 2016, only if the revisor of statutes receives written notice that such funds were received. The revisor of statutes received the required notice, dated February 12, 2016. 42-3-302. Special plate fees. (1) The fees collected pursuant to sections 42-3-213 and 42-3-217 for the issuance of a license plate pursuant to sections 42-3-213 (9) and 42-3-217 shall be transmitted to the state treasurer, who shall credit the same to the license plate cash fund created in section 42-3-301. (2) Repealed. Source: L. 2005: Entire article amended with relocations, p. 1135, § 2, effective August 8. L. 2017: (2) repealed, (HB 17-1137), ch. 45, p. 136, § 8, effective August 9. Editor's note: This section is similar to former § 42-3-122.5 as it existed prior to 2005. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 276 of 764 Uncertified Printout 42-3-303. Persistent drunk driver cash fund - programs to deter persistent drunk drivers. (1) There is hereby created in the state treasury the persistent drunk driver cash fund, which shall be composed of moneys collected for penalty surcharges under section 42-4-1307 (10)(b). The moneys in the fund are subject to annual appropriation by the general assembly: (a) To pay the costs incurred by the department concerning persistent drunk drivers under sections 42-2-126 (10) and 42-7-406 (1.5); (b) To pay for costs incurred by the department for computer programing changes related to treatment compliance for persistent drunk drivers pursuant to section 42-2-144; (c) (I) To support programs that are intended to deter persistent drunk driving or intended to educate the public, with particular emphasis on the education of young drivers, regarding the dangers of persistent drunk driving. (II) The departments of transportation, revenue, and human services and the judicial branch shall coordinate programs intended to accomplish the goals described in subparagraph (I) of this paragraph (c). (d) On and after July 1, 2007, to pay a portion of the costs for intervention or treatment services required under sections 42-2-125, 42-2-126, 42-2-132, 42-2-132.5, and 42-4-1301.3 for a persistent drunk driver, as defined in section 42-1-102 (68.5), who is unable to pay for the required intervention or treatment services; (e) To assist in providing court-ordered alcohol treatment programs for indigent and incarcerated offenders; (f) To assist in providing approved ignition interlock devices, as defined in section 42-2132.5 (9)(a), for indigent offenders; and (g) To assist in providing continuous monitoring technology or devices for indigent offenders. Source: L. 2005: Entire article amended with relocations, p. 1135, § 2, effective August 8. L. 2006: Entire section amended, p. 1369, § 8, effective January 1, 2007. L. 2008: (1)(a) amended, p. 252, § 19, effective July 1. L. 2010: (1)(c)(II) amended and (1)(e), (1)(f), and (1)(g) added, (HB 10-1347), ch. 258, p. 1158, § 4, effective July 1. L. 2011: IP(1) amended, (HB 111268), ch. 267, p. 1221, § 5, effective June 2; IP(1) amended, (HB 11-1303), ch. 264, p. 1182, § 109, effective August 10. L. 2012: IP(1) and (1)(f) amended, (HB 12-1168), ch. 278, p. 1484, § 7, effective August 8. Editor's note: This section is similar to former § 42-3-130.5 as it existed prior to 2005. 42-3-304. Registration fees - passenger and passenger-mile taxes - clean screen fund - definitions. (1) (a) In addition to other fees specified in this section, an applicant shall pay a motorist insurance identification fee in an amount determined by paragraph (d) of subsection (18) of this section when applying for registration or renewal of registration of a motor vehicle under this article. (b) The following vehicles are exempt from the motorist insurance identification fee: (I) Vehicles that are exempt from registration fees under this section or are owned by persons who have qualified as self-insured pursuant to section 10-4-624, C.R.S. (II) Repealed. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 277 of 764 Uncertified Printout (c) (Deleted by amendment, L. 2009, (SB 09-274), ch. 210, p. 955, § 8, effective May 1, 2009.) (2) With respect to passenger-carrying motor vehicles, the weight used in computing annual registration fees shall be that weight published by the manufacturer in approved manuals, and, in case of a dispute over the weight of such vehicle, the actual weight determined by weighing such vehicle on a certified scale, as provided in section 35-14-122 (6), C.R.S., shall be conclusive. With respect to all other vehicles, the weight used in computing annual registration fees shall be the empty weight, determined by weighing such vehicle on a certified scale or in the case of registration fees imposed pursuant to section 42-3-306 (5), the declared gross vehicle weight of the vehicle declared by the owner at the time of registration. (3) No fee shall be payable for the annual registration of a vehicle when: (a) The owner of such vehicle is a veteran who in an application for registration shows that the owner has established such owner's rights to benefits under the provisions of Public Law 663, 79th Congress, as amended, and Public Law 187, 82nd Congress, as amended, or is a veteran of the armed forces of the United States who incurred a disability and who is, at the date of such application, receiving compensation from the veterans administration or any branch of the armed forces of the United States for a fifty percent or more, service-connected, permanent disability, or for loss of use of one or both feet or one or both hands, or for permanent impairment or loss of vision in both eyes that constitutes virtual or actual blindness. The exemption provided in this paragraph (a) shall apply to the original qualifying vehicle and to any vehicle subsequently purchased and owned by the same veteran but shall not apply to more than one vehicle at a time. (b) The application for registration shows that the owner of such vehicle is a foreign government or a consul or other official representative of a foreign government duly recognized by the department of state of the United States government. License plates for the vehicles qualifying for the exemption granted in this paragraph (b) shall be issued only by the department and shall bear such inscription as may be required to indicate their status. (c) The owner of such vehicle is the state or a political or governmental subdivision thereof; but any such vehicle that is leased, either by the state or any political or governmental subdivision thereof, shall be exempt from payment of an annual registration fee only if the agreement under which it is leased has been first submitted to the department and approved, and such vehicle shall remain exempt from payment of an annual registration fee only so long as it is used and operated in strict conformity with such approved agreement. (d) The owner of such vehicle is a former prisoner of war being issued special plates pursuant to section 42-3-213 (3) or is the surviving spouse of a former prisoner of war retaining the special plates that were issued to such former prisoner of war pursuant to section 42-3-213 (3). (e) The owner of such vehicle is the recipient of a purple heart being issued special plates pursuant to section 42-3-213 (2). (f) The owner of such vehicle is a recipient of a medal of honor issued special plates pursuant to section 42-3-213 (7). (g) The owner of the vehicle is a recipient of a medal of valor and is issued special license plates pursuant to section 42-3-213 (10). (h) The owner of the vehicle survived the attack on Pearl Harbor and is issued special license plates pursuant to section 42-3-213 (6). Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 278 of 764 Uncertified Printout (4) Upon registration, the owner of each motorcycle shall pay a surcharge of four dollars, which shall be credited to the motorcycle operator safety training fund created in section 43-5-504, C.R.S. (5) In lieu of registering each vehicle separately, a dealer in motorcycles shall pay to the department an annual registration fee of twenty-five dollars for the first license plate issued pursuant to section 42-3-116 (1), a fee of seven dollars and fifty cents for each additional license plate so issued up to and including five such plates, and a fee of ten dollars for each license plate so issued in excess of five. (6) In lieu of registering each vehicle separately: (a) A dealer in motor vehicles, trailers, and semitrailers, except dealers in motorcycles, shall pay to the department an annual fee of thirty dollars for the first license plate issued pursuant to section 42-3-116 (1), and a fee of seven dollars and fifty cents for each additional license plate so issued up to and including five, and a fee of ten dollars for each license plate so issued in excess of five; and (b) A manufacturer of motor vehicles shall pay to the department an annual fee of thirty dollars for the first license plate issued pursuant to section 42-3-116 (1), and a fee of seven dollars and fifty cents for each additional license plate so issued up to and including five, and a fee of ten dollars for each additional license plate issued. (7) (a) Every drive-away or tow-away transporter shall apply to the department for the issuance of license plates that may be transferred from one vehicle or combination to another vehicle or combination for delivery without further registration. The annual fee payable for the issuance of such plates shall be thirty dollars for the first set and ten dollars for each additional set. No transporter shall permit such license plates to be used upon a vehicle that is not in transit, or upon a work or service vehicle, including a service vehicle utilized regularly to haul vehicles, or by any other person. (b) Each such transporter shall keep a written record of all vehicles transported, including the description thereof and the names and addresses of the consignors and consignees, and a copy of such record shall be carried in every driven vehicle; except that, when a number of vehicles are being transported in convoy, such copy, listing all the vehicles in the convoy, may be carried in only the lead vehicle in the convoy. (c) This subsection (7) shall not apply to a nonresident engaged in interstate or foreign commerce if such nonresident is in compliance with the in-transit laws of the state of his or her residence and if such state grants reciprocal exemption to Colorado residents. The department may enter into reciprocal agreements with any other state or states containing such reciprocal exemptions or may issue written declarations as to the existence of any such reciprocal agreements. (8) (a) Subsections (5), (6)(a), and (7) of this section shall not apply to a motor vehicle, trailer, or semitrailer operated by a dealer or transporter for such dealer's or transporter's private use or to a motor vehicle bearing full-use dealer plates issued pursuant to section 42-3-116 (6)(d). (b) Paragraph (b) of subsection (6) of this section shall only apply to a motor vehicle if owned and operated by a manufacturer, a representative of a manufacturer, or a person so authorized by the manufacturer. A motor vehicle bearing manufacturer plates shall be of a make and model of the current or a future year and shall have been manufactured by or for the manufacturer to which such plates were issued. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 279 of 764 Uncertified Printout (9) In addition to the registration fees imposed by section 42-3-306 (4)(a), the following additional registration fee shall be imposed on such vehicles: (a) For farm trucks less than seven years old, twelve dollars; (b) For farm trucks seven years old but less than ten years old, ten dollars; (c) For farm trucks ten years old or older, seven dollars. (10) (a) In addition to the registration fees imposed by section 42-3-306 (5)(a) and (13), for motor vehicles described in section 42-3-306 (5)(a) and (13), the following additional registration fee shall be imposed: (I) For light trucks and recreational vehicles less than seven years old, twelve dollars; (II) For light trucks and recreational vehicles seven years old but less than ten years old, ten dollars; (III) For light trucks and recreational vehicles ten years old or older, seven dollars. (b) In addition to the registration fees imposed by section 42-3-306 (5)(b), (5)(c), or (12)(b), an additional registration fee of ten dollars shall be assessed. (c) The department shall adopt rules that allow a vehicle owner or a vehicle owner's agent to apply for apportioned registration for a vehicle that is used in interstate commerce and that qualifies for the registration fees provided in section 42-3-306 (5). In establishing the amount of such apportioned registration, such rules shall take into account the length of time such item may be operated in Colorado or the number of miles such item may be driven in Colorado. The apportioned registration, if based upon the length of time such item may be operated in Colorado, shall be valid for a period of between two and eleven months. Such rules shall also allow for extensions of apportioned registration periods. During such rule-making, the department shall confer with its authorized agents regarding enhanced communications with the authorized agents and the coordination of enforcement efforts. (11) The additional fees collected pursuant to section 42-3-306 (2)(b)(II) and subsection (9) of this section and paragraphs (a) and (b) of subsection (10) of this section shall be transmitted to the state treasurer, who shall credit the same to the highway users tax fund to be allocated pursuant to section 43-4-205 (6)(b), C.R.S. (12) An owner or operator that desires to make an occasional trip into this state with a truck, truck tractor, trailer, or semitrailer that is registered in another state shall obtain a permit from the public utilities commission as provided in article 10.1 of title 40, C.R.S. This subsection (12) does not apply to the vehicles of a public utility that are temporarily in this state to assist in the construction, installation, or restoration of utility facilities used in serving the public. (13) In addition to the annual registration fees prescribed in this section for vehicles with a seating capacity of more than fourteen and operated for the transportation of passengers for compensation, the owner or operator of every such vehicle operated over the public highways of this state shall pay a passenger-mile tax equal to one mill for each passenger transported for a distance of one mile. The tax shall be credited to the highway users tax fund created in section 43-4-201, C.R.S., as required by section 43-4-203 (1)(c), C.R.S., and allocated and expended as specified in section 43-4-205 (5.5)(d), C.R.S. The tax assessed by this subsection (13) shall not apply to passenger service rendered within the boundaries of a city, city and county, or incorporated town by a company engaged in the mass transportation of persons by buses or trolley coaches. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 280 of 764 Uncertified Printout (14) (a) The owner or operator of special mobile machinery having an empty weight not in excess of sixteen thousand pounds that the owner or operator desires to operate over the public highways of this state shall register such vehicle under section 42-3-306 (5)(a). (b) The owner or operator of special mobile machinery with an empty weight exceeding sixteen thousand pounds that the owner or operator desires to operate over the public highways of this state shall register the vehicle under section 42-3-306 (5)(b). (15) The owner of special mobile machinery, except that mentioned in sections 42-1-102 (44) and 42-3-104 (3), that is not registered for operation on the highway shall pay a fee of one dollar and fifty cents, which shall not be subject to any quarterly reduction. (16) Nothing in this section shall be construed to prevent a farmer or rancher from occasionally exchanging transportation with another farmer or rancher when the sole consideration involved is the exchange of personal services and the use of vehicles. (17) (a) At the time of registration of such vehicle, the owner of a truck subject to registration under section 42-3-306 (5) having a weight in excess of four thousand five hundred pounds, but not in excess of ten thousand pounds, including mounted equipment other than that of a recreational type, shall present to the authorized agent a copy of the manufacturer's statement or certificate of origin that specifies the shipping weight of such vehicle, or if such documentation is not available, a certified scale ticket showing the weight of such vehicle. (b) The department shall furnish appropriate identification, by means of tags or otherwise, to indicate that a vehicle registered under this section is not subject to clearance by a port of entry weigh station. (18) (a) In addition to any other fee imposed by this section, the owner shall pay, at the time of registration, a fee of fifty cents on every item of Class A, B, or C personal property required to be registered pursuant to this article. Such fee shall be transmitted to the state treasurer, who shall credit the same to a special account within the highway users tax fund, to be known as the AIR account, and such moneys shall be used, subject to appropriation by the general assembly, to cover the direct costs of the motor vehicle emissions activities of the department of public health and environment in the presently defined nonattainment area, and to pay for the costs of the commission in performing its duties under section 25-7-106.3, C.R.S. In the program areas within counties affected by this article, the authorized agent shall impose and retain an additional fee of up to seventy cents on every such registration to cover reasonable costs of administration of the emissions compliance aspect of vehicle registration. The department of public health and environment may accept and expend grants, gifts, and moneys from any source for the purpose of implementing its duties and functions under this section or section 25-7-106.3, C.R.S. (b) In addition to any other fee imposed by this section, at the time of registration of any motor vehicle in the program area subject to inspection and not exempt from registration, the owner shall pay a fee of one dollar and fifty cents. Such fee shall be transmitted to the state treasurer, who shall credit the same to the AIR account within the highway users tax fund, and such moneys shall be expended only to cover the costs of administration and enforcement of the automobile inspection and readjustment program by the department of revenue and the department of public health and environment, upon appropriation by the general assembly. For such purposes, the revenues attributable to one dollar of such fee shall be available for appropriation to the department of revenue, and the revenues attributable to the remaining fifty Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 281 of 764 Uncertified Printout cents of such fee shall be available for appropriation to the department of public health and environment. (c) There shall be established two separate subaccounts within the AIR account, one for the revenues available for appropriation to the department of public health and environment pursuant to paragraphs (a) and (b) of this subsection (18) and one for the revenues available for appropriation to the department of revenue pursuant to paragraph (b) of this subsection (18) and section 42-4-305. After the state treasurer transfers moneys in the department of revenue subaccount to the department of revenue equal to the amount appropriated to the department of revenue from the AIR account for the fiscal year, the state treasurer shall transfer from the balance in the department of revenue subaccount to the department of public health and environment subaccount any amount needed to cover appropriations made to the department of public health and environment from the AIR account for that fiscal year for the administration and enforcement of the automobile inspection and readjustment program. Transfers from the department of revenue subaccount to the department of public health and environment subaccount shall be made on a monthly basis after the transfers to the department of revenue equal to the department of revenue's appropriation for that fiscal year have been made. The state treasurer shall not transfer to the department of public health and environment an amount that exceeds the amount of the appropriation made to the department of public health and environment from the AIR account for the fiscal year. Any transfer made pursuant to this paragraph (c) shall be subject to any limits imposed or appropriations made by the general assembly for other purposes and any limitations imposed by section 18 of article X of the state constitution. (d) (I) (A) Repealed. (B) In addition to any other fee imposed by this section, the owner, in order to register a motor vehicle or low-power scooter, must pay a motorist insurance identification fee. The department shall annually adjust the fee based upon appropriations made by the general assembly for the operation of the motorist insurance identification database program. The department shall transmit the fee to the state treasurer, who shall credit it to the Colorado DRIVES vehicle services account created in section 42-1-211 (2). This subsection (18)(d)(I)(B) takes effect July 1, 2019. (II) (Deleted by amendment, L. 2009, (SB 09-274), ch. 210, p. 955, § 8, effective May 1, 2009; (HB 09-1026), ch. 281, p. 1268, § 30, effective July 1, 2010.) (19) (a) If the air quality control commission determines pursuant to section 42-4-306 (23)(b) to implement an expanded clean screen program in the enhanced emissions program area, on and after the specific dates determined by the commission for each of the following subparagraphs: (I) In addition to any other fee imposed by this section, authorized agents, acting as agents for the clean screen authority, shall collect at the time of registration an emissions inspection fee in an amount determined by section 42-4-311 (6)(a) on every motor vehicle that the department of revenue has determined from data provided by its contractor to have been clean screened; except that the motorist need not pay the emissions inspection fee if the authorized agent determines that a valid certification of emissions compliance has already been issued for the vehicle being registered indicating that the vehicle passed the applicable emissions test at an enhanced inspection center, inspection and readjustment station, motor vehicle dealer test facility, or fleet inspection station. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 282 of 764 Uncertified Printout (II) Authorized agents may retain three and one-third percent of the fee so collected to cover the agent's expenses in the collection and remittance of the fee. County treasurers shall, no later than ten days after the last business day of each month, remit the remainder of the fee to the clean screen authority created in section 42-4-307.5. The clean screen authority shall transmit the fee to the state treasurer, who shall deposit the remainder in the clean screen fund, which fund is hereby created. The clean screen fund is a pass-through trust account to be held in trust solely for the purposes and the beneficiaries specified in this subsection (19). Money in the clean screen fund is not fiscal year spending of the state for purposes of section 20 of article X of the state constitution and is a custodial fund that is not subject to appropriation by the general assembly. Interest earned from the deposit and investment of money in the clean screen fund shall be credited to the clean screen fund, and the clean screen authority may also expend interest earned on the deposit and investment of the clean screen fund to pay for its costs associated with the implementation of House Bill 01-1402, enacted at the first regular session of the sixty-third general assembly. The clean screen authority may also expend interest earned on the deposit and investment of the clean screen fund to pay for its costs associated with the implementation of House Bill 06-1302, enacted at the second regular session of the sixty-fifth general assembly. (III) The clean screen authority shall transmit moneys from the clean screen fund monthly to the contractor in accordance with the fees determined by section 42-4-311 (6)(a) within one week after receipt by the authority from the department of revenue of a notification of the number of registrations of clean-screened vehicles during the previous month. (IV) Repealed. (b) In specifying dates for the implementation of the clean screen program pursuant to paragraph (a) of this subsection (19), the commission may specify different dates for the enhanced and basic emissions program areas. (c) This subsection (19) shall not apply to El Paso county if the commission has excluded such county from the clean screen program pursuant to section 42-4-306 (23)(a). (d) Any moneys remaining in the clean screen fund upon termination of the AIR program shall revert to the AIR account established in paragraph (a) of subsection (18) of this section. (20) In addition to any other fee imposed by this section, there shall be collected, at the time of registration, a fee of ten dollars on every light and heavy duty diesel-powered motor vehicle in the program area registered pursuant to this article in Colorado. Such fee shall be transmitted to the state treasurer, who shall credit the same to the AIR account in the highway users tax fund, and such moneys shall be used, subject to appropriation by the general assembly, to cover the costs of the diesel-powered motor vehicle emissions control activities of the departments of public health and environment and revenue. (21) In order to promote an effective emergency medical network and thus the maintenance and supervision of the highways throughout the state, in addition to any other fees imposed by this section, there shall be assessed an additional fee of two dollars at the time of registration of any motor vehicle. Such fee shall be transmitted to the state treasurer, who shall credit the same to the emergency medical services account created by section 25-3.5-603, C.R.S., within the highway users tax fund. (22) In addition to any other fees imposed by this section, the authorized agent may collect and retain, and an applicant for registration shall pay at the time of registration, a reasonable fee, as determined from time to time by the authorized agent, that approximates the Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 283 of 764 Uncertified Printout direct and indirect costs incurred, not to exceed five dollars, by the authorized agent in shipping and handling those license plates that the applicant has, pursuant to section 42-3-105 (1)(a), requested that the department mail to the owner. (23) Repealed. (24) In addition to any other fee imposed by this section, at the time of registration, the owner shall pay a fee of one dollar on every item of Class A, B, or C personal property required to be registered by this article. Notwithstanding section 43-4-203, the department shall transmit the fee to the state treasurer, who shall credit it to the peace officers standards and training board cash fund, created in section 24-31-303 (2)(b); except that authorized agents may retain five percent of the fee collected to cover the agents' expenses in the collection and remittance of the fee. All of the money in the fund that is collected under this subsection (24) shall be used by the peace officers standards and training board for the purposes specified in section 24-31-310. (25) (a) In addition to any other fee imposed by this section, each authorized agent shall annually collect a fee of fifty dollars at the time of registration on every plug-in electric motor vehicle. The authorized agent shall transmit the fee to the state treasurer, who shall credit thirty dollars of each fee to the highway users tax fund created in section 43-4-201, and twenty dollars of each fee to the electric vehicle grant fund created in section 24-38.5-103. (b) The department of revenue shall create an electric vehicle decal, which an authorized agent shall give to each person who pays the fee charged under subsection (25)(a) of this section. The decal must be attached to the upper right-hand corner of the front windshield on the motor vehicle for which it was issued. If there is a change of vehicle ownership, the decal is transferable to the new owner. (c) Repealed. Source: L. 2005: (13) and (18)(d)(I) amended, p. 145, § 21, effective April 5; entire article amended with relocations, p. 1136, § 2, effective August 8; (18)(c) amended, p. 328, § 1, effective August 8. L. 2006: (10)(b) amended, p. 1511, § 71, effective June 1; (1)(c) amended, p. 1011, § 5, effective July 1; (19)(a)(I), (19)(a)(II), and (19)(d) amended and (19)(a)(IV) added, p. 1030, §§ 12, 11, effective July 1; (3)(g) and (3)(h) added, p. 921, § 4, effective January 1, 2007. L. 2009: (1)(c) and (18)(d) amended, (SB 09-274), ch. 210, p. 955, § 8, effective May 1; (21) amended, (SB 09-002), ch. 277, p. 1242, § 1, effective May 19; (24) amended, (HB 09-1036), ch. 300, p. 1601, § 1, effective July 1; (4), (5), and (6)(a) amended, (HB 09-1026), ch. 281, p. 1268, § 29, effective October 1; (18)(d) amended, (HB 09-1026), ch. 281, p. 1268, § 30, effective July 1, 2010. L. 2010: (18)(d)(I) amended, (HB 10-1387), ch. 205, p. 890, § 7, effective May 5; (18)(d)(I) amended, (HB 10-1341), ch. 285, p. 1336, § 1, effective May 26; (2), IP(9), IP(10)(a), (10)(b), (10)(c), (11), (14), and (17)(a) amended and (23) repealed, (SB 10-212), ch. 412, pp. 2036, 2032, § 12, 1, effective July 1; (14) and (15) amended, (HB 10-1172), ch. 320, p. 1491, § 11, effective October 1. L. 2011: IP(18)(d)(I) amended, (HB 11-1182), ch. 124, p. 387, § 1, effective April 22; (1)(b)(II) repealed, (HB 11-1004), ch. 136, p. 475, § 2, effective August 10; (12) amended, (HB 11-1198), ch. 127, p. 425, § 24, effective August 10. L. 2012: (18)(d)(I) amended, (HB 12-1216), ch. 80, p. 267, § 6, effective July 1; (19)(a)(I) amended and (19)(a)(IV) repealed, (SB 12-034), ch. 107, p. 362, § 1, effective August 8. L. 2013: (25) added, (HB 131110), ch. 225, p. 1064, § 12, effective January 1, 2014. L. 2014: (25)(c)(II) amended, (HB 141027), ch. 6, p. 88, § 1, effective February 19; (18)(d)(I) amended, (SB 14-194), ch. 346, p. 1551, § 19, effective June 5; (24) amended, (SB 14-123), ch. 246, p. 946, § 3, effective August 6. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 284 of 764 Uncertified Printout L. 2017: (18)(d)(I), IP(19)(a), (19)(a)(I), (19)(a)(II), (24), (25)(a), and (25)(b) amended, (HB 171107), ch. 101, p. 369, § 17, effective August 9. L. 2018: (18)(d)(I) amended, (SB 18-253), ch. 293, p. 1799, § 3, effective May 29. L. 2019: (25)(c) repealed, (HB 19-1298), ch. 384, p. 3438, § 2, effective August 2. Editor's note: (1) This section is similar to former § 42-3-134 as it existed prior to 2005. (2) Subsection (13) was originally numbered as § 42-3-134 (21)(a), and the amendments to it in Senate Bill 05-041 were harmonized with § 42-3-304 (13) as it appears in House Bill 051107. Subsection (18)(c) was originally numbered as § 42-3-134 (26)(c), and the amendments to it in House Bill 05-1268 were harmonized with and relocated to § 42-3-304 (18)(c) as it appears in House Bill 05-1107. Subsection (18)(d)(I) was originally numbered as § 42-3-134 (26)(d)(I), and the amendments to it in Senate Bill 05-041 were harmonized with and relocated to § 42-3304 (18)(d)(I) as it appears in House Bill 05-1107. (3) Amendments to subsection (18)(d) by Senate Bill 09-074 and House Bill 09-1026 were harmonized. (4) Section 137 of Senate Bill 09-292 changed the effective date of subsections (4), (5), and (6)(a) from July 1, 2010, to October 1, 2009, and subsection (18)(d) from October 1, 2009, to July 1, 2010. (5) Amendments to subsection (18)(d)(I) by House Bill 10-1387 and House Bill 10-1341 were harmonized. (6) Amendments to subsection (14) by Senate Bill 10-212 and House Bill 10-1172 were harmonized. (7) Subsection (18)(d)(I)(A) provided for the repeal of subsection (18)(d)(I)(A), effective July 1, 2019. (See L. 2018, p. 1799.) (8) Section 5 of chapter 384 (HB 19-1298), Session Laws of Colorado 2019, provides that the act changing this section applies to offenses committed on or after August 2, 2019. Cross references: (1) For Public Law 663, 79th Congress, as amended, and Public Law 187, 82nd Congress, as amended, see 60 Stat. 915 and 65 Stat. 574, respectively, and 38 U.S.C. §§ 3901 to 3905. (2) For the legislative declaration contained in the 2006 act amending subsections (19)(a)(I), (19)(a)(II), and (19)(d) and enacting subsection (19)(a)(IV), see section 1 of chapter 225, Session Laws of Colorado 2006. For the legislative declaration in the 2011 act repealing subsection (1)(b)(II), see section 1 of chapter 136, Session Laws of Colorado 2011. For the legislative declaration in the 2013 act adding subsection (25), see section 1 of chapter 225, Session Laws of Colorado 2013. 42-3-305. Registration fees - passenger and passenger-mile taxes - fee schedule for years of TABOR surplus revenue - applicability. (Repealed) Source: L. 2005: (6), (7), (8)(c), (11)(a), and (11)(b) amended, p. 145, § 21, effective April 5; entire article amended with relocations, p. 1145, § 2, effective August 8. L. 2009: (2)(a) amended, (HB 09-1026), ch. 281, p. 1269, § 31, effective October 1. L. 2010: Entire section Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 285 of 764 Uncertified Printout repealed, (SB 10-212), ch. 412, p. 2032, § 1, effective July 1; (12)(a) amended, (HB 10-1172), ch. 320, p. 1492, § 12, effective October 1. Editor's note: (1) This section was similar to former § 42-3-134 as it existed prior to 2005. (2) Subsection (12)(a) was amended in House Bill 10-1172, effective October 1, 2010. However, those amendments were superseded by the repeal of the entire section by Senate Bill 10-212, effective July 1, 2010. 42-3-306. Registration fees - passenger and passenger-mile taxes - fee schedule repeal. (1) This section shall apply in any fiscal year beginning on or after July 1, 2010. (2) Fees for the annual registration of passenger-carrying motor vehicles shall be as follows: (a) Motorcycles, three dollars; (b) (I) Passenger cars, station wagons, taxicabs, ambulances, motor homes, and hearses: (A) Weighing two thousand pounds or less, six dollars; (B) Weighing forty-five hundred pounds or less, six dollars plus twenty cents per one hundred pounds, or fraction thereof, of weight over two thousand pounds; (C) Weighing more than forty-five hundred pounds, twelve dollars and fifty cents plus sixty cents per one hundred pounds, or fraction thereof, of weight over forty-five hundred pounds; except that, for motor homes weighing more than sixty-five hundred pounds, such fees shall be twenty-four dollars and fifty cents plus thirty cents per one hundred pounds, or fraction thereof, of weight over sixty-five hundred pounds. (II) In addition to the registration fees imposed by subparagraph (I) of this paragraph (b), an additional registration fee shall be imposed on the motor vehicles described in the introductory portion to this paragraph (b), based on the age of the motor vehicle, as follows: (A) For motor vehicles less than seven years old, twelve dollars; (B) For motor vehicles seven years old but less than ten years old, ten dollars; (C) For motor vehicles ten years old or older, seven dollars. (III) The additional fees collected pursuant to subparagraph (II) of this paragraph (b) shall be transmitted to the state treasurer, who shall credit the same to the highway users tax fund to be allocated pursuant to section 43-4-205 (6)(b), C.R.S. (IV) If a regional transportation plan is implemented within the regional transportation district, residents of the E-470 highway authority area shall be exempt from the first ten dollars of any motor vehicle registration fee increase in such plan. (c) Passenger buses: (I) All such vehicles used for the transportation of passengers for compensation having a seating capacity of fourteen or less passengers, twenty-five dollars plus one dollar and seventy cents for each seat capacity; and all such vehicles having a seating capacity of more than fourteen passengers, twenty-five dollars plus one dollar and twenty-five cents for each seat capacity in excess of fourteen; (II) All such vehicles owned by a private owner and used for the transportation of school pupils having a juvenile seating capacity (meaning fourteen lineal inches of seat space) of twenty-five or less, fifteen dollars; and for all such vehicles having a juvenile seating capacity of Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 286 of 764 Uncertified Printout more than twenty-five, fifteen dollars plus fifty cents for each juvenile seat capacity in excess of twenty-five. (3) Fees for the annual registration of the following vehicles shall be: (a) Trailer coaches, three dollars; (b) Trailers, utility trailers, and camper trailers having an empty weight of two thousand pounds or less, three dollars; (c) Trailers, utility trailers, and camper trailers having an empty weight exceeding two thousand pounds, seven dollars and fifty cents; (d) Semitrailers, seven dollars and fifty cents. (4) (a) The annual registration fee for trucks and truck tractors owned by a farmer or rancher that are operated over the public highways and are only commercially used to transport to market or place of storage raw agricultural products actually produced or livestock actually raised by such farmer or rancher or to transport commodities and livestock purchased by such farmer or rancher for personal use and used in such person's farming or ranching operations, shall be as follows: (I) Each such vehicle having an empty weight of five thousand pounds or less, an amount computed to the nearest pound of the empty weight of such vehicle, according to the following schedule: Empty Weight (Pounds) Range 2,000 2,001 2,101 2,201 2,301 2,401 2,501 2,601 2,701 2,801 2,901 3,001 3,101 3,201 3,301 3,401 3,501 3,601 3,701 3,801 3,901 4,001 4,101 under 2,100 2,200 2,300 2,400 2,500 2,600 2,700 2,800 2,900 3,000 3,100 3,200 3,300 3,400 3,500 3,600 3,700 3,800 3,900 4,000 4,100 4,200 and but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 287 of 764 Registration Fee $ 6.20 6.40 6.60 6.80 7.00 7.20 7.40 7.60 7.80 8.00 8.20 8.40 8.60 8.80 9.00 9.20 9.40 9.60 9.80 10.00 10.20 10.40 10.60 Uncertified Printout 4,201 4,301 4,401 4,501 4,601 4,701 4,801 4,901 but not more than 4,300 10.80 but not more than 4,400 11.00 but not more than 4,500 11.20 but not more than 4,600 13.10 but not more than 4,700 13.70 but not more than 4,800 14.30 but not more than 4,900 14.90 but not more than 5,000 15.50 (II) Each such vehicle having an empty weight of ten thousand pounds or less but more than five thousand pounds, fifteen dollars and fifty cents plus forty-five cents per one hundred pounds, or fraction thereof, of empty weight over five thousand pounds; (III) Each such vehicle having an empty weight of more than ten thousand pounds but not more than sixteen thousand pounds, thirty-eight dollars plus one dollar and twenty cents per one hundred pounds, or fraction thereof, of empty weight exceeding ten thousand pounds; (IV) Each such vehicle having an empty weight of more than sixteen thousand pounds, one hundred ten dollars, plus one dollar and fifty cents per one hundred pounds, or fraction thereof, of empty weight exceeding sixteen thousand pounds. (b) Nothing in this subsection (4) shall be construed to prevent a farmer or rancher from occasionally exchanging transportation with another farmer or rancher, but only if the sole consideration involved is the exchange of personal services or the use of equipment. (c) A person applying for registration under this subsection (4) shall certify to the licensing authority on forms furnished by the department that the vehicle will be used in conformity with paragraph (a) of this subsection (4). (d) No vehicle carrying mounted equipment other than a camper or other purely recreational equipment shall be registered under this subsection (4), and a vehicle registered under this subsection (4) shall be reregistered under the proper classification whenever equipment designed for commercial use is mounted upon such vehicle. (e) The department or its authorized agent shall not require a person registering a farm truck or truck tractor under this subsection (4) to demonstrate that the owner's primary business or source of income is agriculture if the farm truck or truck tractor is used primarily for agricultural production on a farm or ranch owned or leased by the owner of the truck or truck tractor, and the land on which it is used is classified as agricultural land for the purposes of levying and collecting property tax under section 39-1-103, C.R.S. (5) The annual registration fee for those trucks and truck tractors operated over the public highways of this state, except trucks that are registered under subsections (4) and (13) of this section and section 42-12-401 (1)(c), is as follows: (a) For each such vehicle having an empty weight of up to and including sixteen thousand pounds, such registration fee shall be based upon the empty weight of such vehicle, computed to the nearest pound, according to the following schedule: Empty Weight (Pounds) 2,000 2,001 and but not more than Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Range under 2,100 Page 288 of 764 Registration Fee $ 7.60 7.80 Uncertified Printout 2,101 2,201 2,301 2,401 2,501 2,601 2,701 2,801 2,901 3,001 3,101 3,201 3,301 3,401 3,501 3,601 3,701 3,801 3,901 4,001 4,101 4,201 4,301 4,401 4,501 4,601 4,701 4,801 4,901 5,001 5,101 5,201 5,301 5,401 5,501 5,601 5,701 5,801 5,901 6,001 6,101 6,201 6,301 6,401 6,501 but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 2,200 2,300 2,400 2,500 2,600 2,700 2,800 2,900 3,000 3,100 3,200 3,300 3,400 3,500 3,600 3,700 3,800 3,900 4,000 4,100 4,200 4,300 4,400 4,500 4,600 4,700 4,800 4,900 5,000 5,100 5,200 5,300 5,400 5,500 5,600 5,700 5,800 5,900 6,000 6,100 6,200 6,300 6,400 6,500 6,600 Page 289 of 764 8.00 8.20 8.40 8.60 8.80 9.00 9.20 9.40 9.60 10.20 10.40 10.60 10.80 11.00 16.10 16.70 17.30 17.90 18.50 19.10 19.70 20.30 20.90 21.50 35.00 37.00 39.00 41.00 43.00 45.00 47.00 49.00 51.00 53.00 55.00 57.00 59.00 61.00 63.00 65.00 67.00 69.00 71.00 73.00 75.00 Uncertified Printout 6,601 6,701 6,801 6,901 7,001 7,101 7,201 7,301 7,401 7,501 7,601 7,701 7,801 7,901 8,001 8,101 8,201 8,301 8,401 8,501 8,601 8,701 8,801 8,901 9,001 9,101 9,201 9,301 9,401 9,501 9,601 9,701 9,801 9,901 10,001 10,101 10,201 10,301 10,401 10,501 10,601 10,701 10,801 10,901 11,001 but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 6,700 6,800 6,900 7,000 7,100 7,200 7,300 7,400 7,500 7,600 7,700 7,800 7,900 8,000 8,100 8,200 8,300 8,400 8,500 8,600 8,700 8,800 8,900 9,000 9,100 9,200 9,300 9,400 9,500 9,600 9,700 9,800 9,900 10,000 10,100 10,200 10,300 10,400 10,500 10,600 10,700 10,800 10,900 11,000 11,100 Page 290 of 764 77.00 79.00 81.00 83.00 85.00 87.00 89.00 91.00 93.00 95.00 97.00 99.00 101.00 103.00 105.00 107.00 109.00 111.00 113.00 115.00 117.00 119.00 121.00 123.00 125.00 127.00 129.00 131.00 133.00 135.00 137.00 139.00 141.00 143.00 144.50 146.00 147.50 149.00 150.50 152.00 153.50 155.00 156.50 158.00 159.50 Uncertified Printout 11,101 11,201 11,301 11,401 11,501 11,601 11,701 11,801 11,901 12,001 12,101 12,201 12,301 12,401 12,501 12,601 12,701 12,801 12,901 13,001 13,101 13,201 13,301 13,401 13,501 13,601 13,701 13,801 13,901 14,001 14,101 14,201 14,301 14,401 14,501 14,601 14,701 14,801 14,901 15,001 15,101 15,201 15,301 15,401 15,501 but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than but not more than Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 11,200 11,300 11,400 11,500 11,600 11,700 11,800 11,900 12,000 12,100 12,200 12,300 12,400 12,500 12,600 12,700 12,800 12,900 13,000 13,100 13,200 13,300 13,400 13,500 13,600 13,700 13,800 13,900 14,000 14,100 14,200 14,300 14,400 14,500 14,600 14,700 14,800 14,900 15,000 15,100 15,200 15,300 15,400 15,500 15,600 Page 291 of 764 161.00 162.50 164.00 165.50 167.00 168.50 170.00 171.50 173.00 174.50 176.00 177.50 179.00 180.50 182.00 183.50 185.00 186.50 188.00 189.50 191.00 192.50 194.00 195.50 197.00 198.50 200.00 201.50 203.00 204.50 206.00 207.50 209.00 210.50 212.00 213.50 215.00 216.50 218.00 219.50 221.00 222.50 224.00 225.50 227.00 Uncertified Printout 15,601 15,701 15,801 15,901 but not more than 15,700 228.50 but not more than 15,800 230.00 but not more than 15,900 231.50 but not more than 16,000 233.00 (b) (I) Except as provided in subparagraphs (II) and (III) of this paragraph (b), for each vehicle registered under this subsection (5) having an empty weight exceeding sixteen thousand pounds, the registration fee shall be based upon the declared gross vehicle weight of the vehicle registered, according to the following schedule: Declared Gross Vehicle Weight (Pounds)Registration Fee 16,001 but not more than 20,000$ 330 20,001 but not more than 24,000 410 24,001 but not more than 30,000 490 30,001 but not more than 36,000 630 36,001 but not more than 42,000 770 42,001 but not more than 48,000 940 48,001 but not more than 54,000 1,150 54,001 but not more than 60,000 1,370 60,001 but not more than 66,000 1,570 66,001 but not more than 74,000 1,850 Over 74,000 1,975 (II) For each vehicle registered under this subsection (5) that has an empty weight exceeding sixteen thousand pounds and that is used in the operations of a common or contract carrier for hire, such registration fee shall be based upon the declared gross vehicle weight of the vehicle registered, according to the following schedule: Declared Gross Vehicle Weight (Pounds)Registration Fee 16,001 but not more than 20,000$ 440 20,001 but not more than 24,000 550 24,001 but not more than 30,000 660 30,001 but not more than 36,000 770 36,001 but not more than 42,000 930 42,001 but not more than 48,000 1,130 48,001 but not more than 54,000 1,430 54,001 but not more than 60,000 1,700 60,001 but not more than 66,000 1,980 66,001 but not more than 74,000 2,260 Over 74,000 2,350 (III) (A) For each vehicle registered under this subsection (5) that has an empty weight exceeding sixteen thousand pounds and that is operated less than ten thousand miles in all Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 292 of 764 Uncertified Printout jurisdictions during each year, such registration fee shall be based upon the declared gross vehicle weight of the vehicle registered, according to the following schedule: Declared Gross Vehicle Weight (Pounds)Registration Fee 16,001 but not more than 20,000$ 330 20,001 but not more than 24,000 360 24,001 but not more than 30,000 380 30,001 but not more than 36,000 440 36,001 but not more than 42,000 500 42,001 but not more than 48,000 580 48,001 but not more than 54,000 600 54,001 but not more than 60,000 640 60,001 but not more than 66,000 660 66,001 but not more than 74,000 690 Over 74,000 710 (B) If a vehicle qualifies for both a registration fee provided in this subparagraph (III) and a registration fee provided in subparagraph (I) or (II) of this paragraph (b), the lesser registration fee shall apply. (C) If a person replaces a registered vehicle with another vehicle, the mileage history of the vehicle being replaced may be used to qualify the new vehicle for the fees assessed under this subparagraph (III). (D) If a person purchases an established business that is located in this state and the purchase of the business includes the purchase of vehicles, the mileage history of a vehicle so purchased may be used to qualify for the fees assessed under this subparagraph (III) if the business operations remain the same after the purchase and if, during the twelve-month period immediately preceding the date of purchase, the vehicle has been registered in Colorado and has been in operation in the business. A person purchasing a business shall present a copy of the current vehicle registration of the previous owner for each vehicle to be registered pursuant to this sub-subparagraph (D). (E) If a truck or truck tractor having an empty weight exceeding sixteen thousand pounds is purchased by a person owning one or more other such vehicles and the other such vehicles owned by the purchaser all qualify for the fees assessed under this subparagraph (III), the purchased truck or truck tractor also qualifies for the fees assessed under this subparagraph (III). A person seeking to register a truck or truck tractor pursuant to this sub-subparagraph (E) shall present a copy of the current vehicle registration for each of the other trucks and truck tractors with empty weights exceeding sixteen thousand pounds that are owned by such person. (c) For each vehicle registered under this subsection (5) that is exempt from the registration fees assessed under paragraph (b) of this subsection (5) under paragraph (d), (f), (g), or (h) of subsection (9) of this section and that weighs more than sixteen thousand pounds empty weight, the registration fee shall be one hundred seventy-five dollars plus one dollar and fifteen cents for each one hundred pounds, or fraction thereof, in excess of sixteen thousand pounds. (d) For each vehicle registered under this subsection (5) that is exempt from the registration fees assessed under paragraph (b) of this subsection (5) pursuant to paragraph (d), Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 293 of 764 Uncertified Printout (f), or (g) of subsection (9) of this section and that weighs more than sixteen thousand pounds empty weight, the registration fee shall be two hundred thirty-three dollars plus one dollar and fifty cents for each one hundred pounds, or fraction thereof, in excess of sixteen thousand pounds. (e) Each vehicle registered under this subsection (5) having an empty weight not in excess of sixteen thousand pounds that is operated in combination with a trailer or semitrailer, which is commonly referred to as a tractor-trailer, shall be assessed according to paragraph (b) of this subsection (5). (6) In lieu of the payment of registration fees specified in subsections (3) and (5) of this section, the owner of a truck, truck tractor, trailer, or semitrailer operating in interstate commerce may apply to the department for a special unladen weight registration. The registration shall be valid for a period of thirty days from issuance and shall authorize the operation of the vehicle only when empty. The fee for registration of a truck or truck tractor shall be five dollars. The fee for registration of a trailer or semitrailer shall be three dollars. The moneys from the fees shall be transmitted to the state treasurer, who shall credit the same to the highway users tax fund for allocation and expenditure as specified in section 43-4-205 (5.5)(c), C.R.S. (7) In lieu of the payment of registration fees specified in subsections (3) and (5) of this section, the owner of a truck or truck tractor operating in interstate commerce shall apply to the department for a special laden weight registration. The registration shall be valid for seventy-two hours after issuance and shall authorize the operation of the vehicle when loaded. The moneys collected by the department from the fees shall be transmitted to the state treasurer, who shall credit the same to the highway users tax fund for allocation and expenditure as specified in section 43-4-205 (5.5)(c), C.R.S. The fee for the special registration of a truck or a truck tractor shall be based on the actual gross vehicle weight of the vehicle and its cargo, computed to the nearest pound, according to the following schedule: Declared Gross Vehicle Weight (Pounds)Registration Fee 10,001 but not more than 30,000$ 60 30,001 but not more than 60,000 70 Over 60,000 80 (8) (a) The owner or operator of a motor vehicle that is exempt from the registration fees assessed under paragraph (b) or (c) of subsection (9) of this section may apply to the department for a temporary commercial registration permit for such motor vehicle. Such temporary commercial registration permit shall authorize the operation of such motor vehicle in commerce so long as the motor vehicle is operated solely in agricultural harvest operations within Colorado. (b) A temporary commercial registration permit issued pursuant to this subsection (8) shall be valid for a period not to exceed sixty days. A maximum of two such temporary commercial registration permits may be issued for a motor vehicle in a twelve-month period. The fee for issuance of a temporary commercial registration permit for a motor vehicle shall be based upon the configuration and number of axles of such motor vehicle according to the following schedule: Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 294 of 764 Uncertified Printout Configuration Registration permit Single unit (two axles) $ 80.00 Single unit (three or more axles) 120.00 Combination unit (any number of axles) 200.00 (c) The moneys collected by the department from the fees for temporary commercial registration permits shall be transmitted to the state treasurer, who shall credit the same to the highway users tax fund. (d) This subsection (8) shall not be interpreted to affect the authority of a dealer in motor vehicles to use a dealer plate obtained under section 42-3-116 to demonstrate a truck or truck tractor by allowing a prospective buyer to operate such truck or truck tractor when loaded. (9) The registration fees imposed by paragraph (b) of subsection (5) of this section shall not apply: (a) To a motor vehicle operated by a manufacturer, dealer, or transporter issued plates pursuant to section 42-3-304 (6) and (7); (b) To a farm truck or truck tractor registered under subsection (4) of this section; (c) To a farm tractor or to a farm tractor and trailer or wagon combination; (d) To a vehicle specially constructed for towing, wrecking, and repairing that is not otherwise used for transporting cargo; (e) To a vehicle owned by the state or any political or governmental subdivision thereof; (f) To an operator-owned vehicle transporting racehorses to and from the stud or to and from a racing meet in Colorado; (g) To a veterinary mobile truck unit; (h) To a mobile mixing concrete truck or trash compacting truck or to trucks designated by the executive director of the department as special use trucks; (i) To a noncommercial or recreational vehicle registered under subsection (13) of this section. (10) The owner or operator of a truck, truck tractor, trailer, or semitrailer operating over the public highways of this state and rendering service pursuant to a temporary certificate of public convenience and necessity issued by the public utilities commission shall pay for the issuance or renewal of such temporary certificate a fee of ten dollars. (11) (a) The owner or operator of a passenger bus operating over the public highways of this state and rendering service pursuant to a temporary certificate of public convenience and necessity issued by the public utilities commission shall pay for the issuance or renewal of such temporary certificate a fee of ten dollars, which fee shall be in lieu of the tax assessed under this subsection (11), shall be credited to the highway users tax fund created in section 43-4-201, C.R.S., as required by section 43-4-203 (1)(c), C.R.S., and shall be allocated and expended as specified in section 43-4-205 (5.5)(d), C.R.S. (b) The owner or operator of a passenger bus that is registered in another state and that is used to make an occasional trip into this state need not obtain a permit from the public utilities commission as provided in article 10.1 of title 40, C.R.S., but may instead apply to the department for the issuance of a trip permit and shall pay to the department for the issuance of such trip permit a fee of twenty-five dollars or the amount of passenger-mile tax becoming due and payable under paragraph (a) of this subsection (11) by reason of such trip, whichever amount is greater. The fee or passenger-mile tax shall be credited to the highway users tax fund created Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 295 of 764 Uncertified Printout in section 43-4-201, C.R.S., as required by section 43-4-203 (1)(c), C.R.S., and allocated and expended as specified in section 43-4-205 (5.5)(d), C.R.S. (12) (a) In lieu of registration under section 42-3-304 (14), the owner or operator of special mobile machinery that the owner or operator desires to operate over the public highways of this state may elect to pay an annual fee computed at the rate of two dollars and fifty cents per ton of vehicle weight for operation not to exceed a distance of two thousand five hundred miles in any registration period. (b) In lieu of registration under section 42-3-304 (14), a public utility, as defined by section 40-1-103, C.R.S., owning or operating a utility truck having an empty weight in excess of ten thousand pounds that it desires to operate over the public highways of this state may elect to pay an annual registration fee for such a vehicle computed at the rate of ten dollars per ton of vehicle weight. (13) The annual registration fee for a noncommercial or recreational vehicle, except a motor home, operated on the public highways of this state with an empty weight of ten thousand pounds or less shall be computed according to the schedule provided in subsection (5) of this section, and, for a noncommercial or recreational vehicle exceeding ten thousand pounds, the fee shall be twenty-four dollars and fifty cents plus sixty cents for each one hundred pounds in excess of four thousand five hundred pounds. (14) (a) In addition to any other fee required by this section, on and after July 1, 2011, each authorized agent shall collect a fee of: (I) Fifty cents per paid registration of any motor vehicle that is not exempt from the motor insurance identification fee pursuant to section 42-3-304 (1)(b); or (II) Ten cents per paid registration of any motor vehicle that is exempt from the motor insurance identification fee pursuant to section 42-3-304 (1)(b). (b) (I) Repealed. (II) (A) The fee required by subsection (14)(a) of this section is required for every registration of a motor vehicle that is designed primarily to be operated or drawn on any highway in the state and is required in addition to the annual registration fee for the vehicle; except that the fee does not apply to a vehicle that is exempt from payment of the registration fees imposed by this article 3. The department shall credit the fee to the Colorado DRIVES vehicle services account in the highway users tax fund created in section 42-1-211 (2). (B) This subsection (14)(b)(II) takes effect July 1, 2019. This subsection (14)(b)(II)(B) is repealed, effective July 1, 2020. Source: L. 2005: (6), (7), (11)(a), and (11)(b) amended, p. 147, § 22, effective April 5; entire article amended with relocations, p. 1155, § 2, effective August 8. L. 2009: (2)(a) amended, (HB 09-1026), ch. 281, p. 1269, § 32, effective October 1. L. 2010: (1) amended, (SB 10-212), ch. 412, p. 2037, § 13, effective July 1; (12)(a) amended, (HB 10-1172), ch. 320, p. 1492, § 13, effective October 1. L. 2011: (14) added, (HB 11-1182), ch. 124, p. 387, § 2, effective April 22; (4)(e) added, (HB 11-1004), ch. 136, p. 475, § 3, effective August 10; IP(5) amended, (SB 11-031), ch. 86, p. 246, § 10, effective August 10; (11)(b) amended, (HB 111198), ch. 127, p. 425, § 25, effective August 10. L. 2017: (14)(b) amended, (HB 17-1107), ch. 101, p. 371, § 18, effective August 9. L. 2018: (14)(b)(I)(B) and (14)(b)(II)(B) amended, (SB 18-253), ch. 293, p. 1799, § 4, effective May 29. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 296 of 764 Uncertified Printout Editor's note: (1) This section is similar to former § 42-3-134.5 as it existed prior to 2005. (2) Subsections (6), (7), (11)(a), and (11)(b) were originally numbered as § 42-3-134.5 (14), (15), (21)(b), and (21)(c), respectively, and the amendments to them in Senate Bill 05-041 were harmonized with § 42-3-306 (6), (7), (11)(a), and (11)(b) as they appear in House Bill 051107. (3) Subsection (14)(b)(I)(B) provided for the repeal of subsection (14)(b), effective July 1, 2019. (See L. 2018, p. 1799.) However, because subsection (14)(b)(II) takes effect July 1, 2019, and repeals on July 1, 2020, only subsection (14)(b)(I) is shown as repealed. Cross references: For the legislative declaration in the 2011 act adding subsection (4)(e), see section 1 of chapter 136, Session Laws of Colorado 2011. 42-3-307. Enforcement powers of department. (1) The department may administer and enforce sections 42-3-304 and 42-3-306, including the right to inspect and audit the books, records, and documents of an owner or operator of a vehicle operated upon the public highways who is required to pay any registration fee or tax imposed, and the executive director of the department may promulgate such reasonable rules as the director deems necessary or suitable for such administration and enforcement. (2) The powers granted in this section shall be separate, apart, and distinct from any powers or duties conferred prior to January 1, 1955, upon the public utilities commission with respect to the issuance of certificates of public convenience and necessity, contract carrier permits, and the regulation and supervision of motor carriers. Source: L. 2005: Entire article amended with relocations, p. 1167, § 2, effective August 8. L. 2010: (1) amended, (SB 10-212), ch. 412, p. 2037, § 14, effective July 1. Editor's note: This section is similar to former § 42-3-135 as it existed prior to 2005. 42-3-308. Taxpayer statements - payment of tax - estimates - penalties - deposits delinquency proceedings. (1) (a) Every owner or operator of a motor vehicle operated on a public highway of this state and required to pay the passenger-mile tax imposed by sections 423-304 and 42-3-306 shall, on or before the twenty-fifth day of each month, file with the department, on forms prescribed by the department and the public utilities commission, a statement, subject to the penalties for perjury in the second degree, showing the name and address of the owner of the motor vehicle, total miles traveled, and total number of passengers carried in this state during the preceding month and such other information as required by the department and the commission and shall compute and pay such tax; except that the executive director of the department may authorize the filing of statements and the payment of tax for periods in excess of one month but not to exceed a period of twelve months. (b) If payment of the tax so computed is not made on or before the due date, there shall be added a penalty of three percent per month until such time as the full amount has been paid; but the executive director of the department may waive all or any portion of the penalty for good cause. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 297 of 764 Uncertified Printout (2) If the owner or operator of a motor vehicle, required to file a statement as provided in subsection (1) of this section, fails, neglects, or refuses to file the statement and to pay the tax due, the department may estimate the amount of tax due for the period for which no statement was filed, add a penalty of ten percent plus one-half of one percent per month after the date when due, not to exceed eighteen percent in the aggregate, and mail the estimate to the last-known address of such owner or operator. The amount so estimated, together with the penalty, shall become fixed, due, and payable ten days after the date of mailing, unless such owner or operator, within the ten days, files and pays a true and correct statement of the tax due for the period. (3) (a) If an owner or operator of a vehicle knowingly makes and files with the department a false or fraudulent statement with intent to evade payment of any passenger-mile tax due, the department shall, as soon as it discovers the false or fraudulent nature of such statement, make an investigation and determine the correct amount of tax due, add a penalty of one hundred percent, and proceed to collect the total amount by distraint and sale as provided in section 39-21-114, C.R.S. If an owner or operator disputes the amount asserted to be due and payable, that owner or operator shall be entitled to a hearing before the executive director of the department, and the decision of the executive director shall be subject to judicial review. (b) A person who willfully fails or refuses to make the report required by this section, or who makes a false or fraudulent return, or who willfully fails to pay any tax owed by such person, shall be punished as provided by section 39-21-118, C.R.S. (4) All passenger-mile taxes and penalties determined to be due from an owner or operator of a motor vehicle and not paid on the date when the same are due and payable shall become and remain a prior and perpetual lien upon all the personal property of such owner or operator until the full amount of the tax determined to be due, together with all penalties, has been paid. Nothing in this section shall be construed to abrogate or diminish the rights of bona fide purchasers, lienors, or pledgees for value and without notice. (5) Taxes collected pursuant to this section and any penalties or interest charges imposed pursuant to this section shall be credited to the highway users tax fund created in section 43-4201, C.R.S., as required by section 43-4-203 (1)(c), C.R.S., and allocated and expended as specified in section 43-4-205 (5.5)(d), C.R.S. Source: L. 2005: (5) added, p. 148, § 23, effective April 5; entire article amended with relocations, p. 1167, § 2, effective August 8. L. 2010: (1)(a) amended, (SB 10-212), ch. 412, p. 2037, § 15, effective July 1. Editor's note: (1) This section is similar to former § 42-3-136 as it existed prior to 2005. (2) Subsection (5) was originally numbered as § 42-3-136 (5), and the enactment of it in Senate Bill 05-041 was harmonized with § 42-3-308 (5) as it appears in House Bill 05-1107. 42-3-309. Permit to be secured - records kept - penalties. (1) Every owner or operator of a motor vehicle operated over any public highway of this state who is required to pay the passenger-mile tax imposed by sections 42-3-304 and 42-3-306 shall apply to the department and secure a passenger-mile tax permit and shall keep and maintain true and correct records of the operations of such motor vehicles, including the number of miles operated and the number of passengers carried, in such form as to reflect the actual activity of all such motor vehicles and as Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 298 of 764 Uncertified Printout may be prescribed by the department and the public utilities commission. Such owner or operator shall preserve all such records for a period of four years. The passenger-mile tax permit shall remain effective until the owner advises the department of a change in ownership or a discontinuance of business or until such owner has failed to file tax reports and pay any applicable passenger-mile tax for four successive tax periods. (2) For failure to apply for and secure a permit, the executive director of the department may impose a penalty in an amount equal to twenty-five percent of any tax found to be due and payable or twenty-five dollars, whichever is greater. (3) Failure or refusal of an owner or operator to keep and maintain such records shall, upon certification by the department to the public utilities commission, be cause for suspension or revocation of a certificate of public convenience and necessity or a contract carrier permit. (4) (a) If an examination of the financial responsibility of an owner or operator of a motor vehicle subject to the payment of the passenger-mile tax indicates that a financial guarantee in the form of cash, a certified check, a bank money order, a bond, or a negotiable certificate of deposit issued by a commercial bank doing business in this state and acceptable to the executive director is necessary to guarantee payment of the tax, the owner or operator may be required to deposit such guarantee with the department in an amount no greater than twice the amount of tax estimated by the executive director to become due and payable each tax period. If the deposit is in cash or a negotiable certificate of deposit, it shall be subject to forfeiture upon failure of the owner or operator to comply with sections 42-3-304 to 42-3-308, this section, article 10.1 of title 40, or the rules of the department or the public utilities commission; if it is a surety bond, it shall be conditioned upon the insured's faithful compliance with all applicable statutes and rules. (b) Failure or refusal of an owner or operator to provide or to continue in effect the guarantee when required in paragraph (a) of this subsection (4) shall, upon certification by the department to the public utilities commission, be cause for denial, suspension, or revocation of a certificate of public convenience and necessity or a contract carrier permit. (c) All cash, certified checks, bank money orders, negotiable certificates of deposit, and surety bonds deposited in compliance with this section shall be delivered into the custody of the state treasurer and held by the state treasurer subject to further order of the department. If an owner or operator ceases operations, the deposit or any balance thereof shall be returned to the owner or operator after all taxes, penalties, fees, and charges owed by such owner or operator pursuant to this article have been paid. (5) The following penalties shall be imposed if a person negligently or knowingly includes an error in records required by subsection (1) of this section and such error is contained in a previously filed statement under section 42-3-308: (a) Twenty-five percent of the deficiency assessed; and (b) Interest of one-half of one percent per month on the deficiency assessed, which shall be in addition to the interest due under section 39-21-109, C.R.S. Source: L. 2005: Entire article amended with relocations, p. 1168, § 2, effective August 8. L. 2010: (1) amended, (SB 10-212), ch. 412, p. 2038, § 16, effective July 1. L. 2018: (4)(a) amended, (HB 18-1375), ch. 274, p. 1724, § 87, effective May 29. Editor's note: This section is similar to former § 42-3-137 as it existed prior to 2005. Colorado Revised Statutes 2019 Page 299 of 764 Uncertified Printout 42-3-310. Additional registration fees - apportionment of fees. (1) Every owner of a motor vehicle, trailer, or semitrailer that is primarily designed to be operated or drawn upon a highway, except the vehicles specifically exempted from payment of registration fees by this article, shall, within the registration period prescribed by law or within ten days after the date of purchase of any such vehicle, pay an annual registration fee of one dollar and fifty cents, which annual fee shall be in addition to the annual registration fee prescribed by law for such vehicle. (2) The additional registration fee provided for in this section shall not be transmitted to the department, but the aggregate amount of all such fees paid over by the authorized agent to the county treasurer shall be retained by the treasurer and allocated by the treasurer to the county and to the cities and incorporated towns located within the boundaries of the county on the basis of the record of rural and urban registrations that indicates the place of residence of each vehicle owner paying registration fees. (3) The owner of a vehicle specified in subsection (1) of this section who is required to pay an annual registration fee for such vehicle to the department shall also pay the additional annual registration fee provided for in this section to the department, and the department shall transmit such additional fee to the proper county treasurer, as indicated by the place of residence of such owner, and such county treasurer shall allocate such fee in the manner prescribed in subsection (2) of this section. (4) Two dollars and fifty cents of each annual vehicle registration fee imposed by sections 42-3-304 to 42-3-306, exclusive of the annual registration fees prescribed for motorcycles, trailer coaches, special mobile machinery, and trailers having an empty weight of two thousand pounds or less and exclusive of a registration fee paid for a fractional part of a year, shall not be transmitt