2017 Colorado Revised Statutes
Title 12 - Professions and Occupations
Article 25 - Engineers, Surveyors, and Architects
Part 3 - Architects
§ 12-25-305. Unauthorized practice - penalties - enforcement
(1) Unless exempted under section 12-25-303 (7), any person who practices or offers or attempts to practice architecture without an active license issued under this part 3 commits a class 2 misdemeanor and shall be punished as provided in section 18-1.3-501, C.R.S., for the first offense, and, for the second or any subsequent offense, the person commits a class 6 felony and shall be punished as provided in section 18-1.3-401, C.R.S.
(a) to (c) Repealed.
(1.5) and (2) Repealed.
(2.5) (a) It is unlawful for any individual to hold himself or herself out to the public as an architect unless the individual has complied with this part 3.
(b) It is unlawful for any person to practice, or offer to practice, architecture in this state unless the individual in responsible control has complied with this part 3.
(c) Unless licensed pursuant to this part 3, it is unlawful for any person to use any of the following titles: "Architect", "architects", "architecture", "architectural", or "licensed architect". In addition, unless licensed pursuant to this part 3, it is unlawful for any person to use the words "architect", "architects", "architecture", "architectural", or "licensed architect" in any offer to the public to perform the services set forth in section 12-25-302 (6). Nothing in this subsection (2.5) prohibits the general use of the words "architect", "architecture", or "architectural", including the specific use of the term "architectural intern" by an individual who is working under the supervision of an architect and is in the process of completing required practice hours in preparation for the architect licensing examination, so long as those words are not being used in an offer to the public to perform the services set forth in section 12-25-302 (6).
(3) The attorney general or the attorney general's assistant shall act as legal advisor to the board and render such timely legal assistance as may be necessary in carrying out this part 3. With the concurrence of the attorney general, the board may employ counsel and assistance necessary to aid in the enforcement of this part 3, and the compensation and expenses therefor shall be paid from the funds of the board.
(4) (a) If it appears to the board, based upon credible evidence as presented in a written complaint by any person, that a licensee is acting in a manner that is an imminent threat to the health and safety of the public or a person is acting or has acted without the required license, the board may issue an order to cease and desist such activity. The order shall set forth the statutes and rules alleged to have been violated, the facts alleged to have constituted the violation, and the requirement that all unlawful acts or unlicensed practices immediately cease.
(b) Within ten days after service of the order to cease and desist pursuant to paragraph (a) of this subsection (4), the licensee or person alleged to have acted without a license may request a hearing on the question of whether acts or practices in violation of this part 3 have occurred. Such hearing shall be conducted pursuant to sections 24-4-104 and 24-4-105, C.R.S.
(5) (a) If it appears to the board, based upon credible evidence as presented in a written complaint by any person, that a person has violated any other provision of this part 3, then, in addition to any specific powers granted pursuant to this part 3, the board may issue to such person an order to show cause as to why the board should not issue a final order directing such person to cease and desist from the unlawful act or unlicensed practice.
(b) A person against whom an order to show cause has been issued pursuant to paragraph (a) of this subsection (5) shall be promptly notified by the board of the issuance of the order, along with a copy of the order, the factual and legal basis for the order, and the date set by the board for a hearing on the order. Such notice may be served by personal service, by first-class United States mail, postage prepaid, or as may be practicable upon any person against whom such order is issued. Personal service or mailing of an order or document pursuant to this subsection (5) shall constitute notice thereof to the person.
(c) (I) The hearing on an order to show cause shall be commenced no sooner than ten and no later than forty-five calendar days after the date of transmission or service of the notification by the board as provided in paragraph (b) of this subsection (5). The hearing may be continued by agreement of all parties based upon the complexity of the matter, number of parties to the matter, and legal issues presented in the matter, but in no event shall the hearing commence later than sixty calendar days after the date of transmission or service of the notification.
(II) If a person against whom an order to show cause has been issued pursuant to paragraph (a) of this subsection (5) does not appear at the hearing, the board may present evidence that notification was properly sent or served upon such person pursuant to paragraph (b) of this subsection (5) and such other evidence related to the matter as the board deems appropriate. The board shall issue the order within ten days after the board's determination related to reasonable attempts to notify such person, and the order shall become final as to that person by operation of law. Such hearing shall be conducted pursuant to sections 24-4-104 and 24-4-105, C.R.S.
(III) If the board reasonably finds that the person against whom the order to show cause was issued is acting or has acted without the required license or has or is about to engage in acts or practices constituting violations of this part 3, a final cease-and-desist order may be issued directing such person to cease and desist from further unlawful acts or unlicensed practices.
(IV) The board shall provide notice, in the manner set forth in paragraph (b) of this subsection (5), of the final cease-and-desist order within ten calendar days after the hearing conducted pursuant to this paragraph (c) to each person against whom the final order has been issued. The final order issued pursuant to subparagraph (III) of this paragraph (c) shall be effective when issued and shall be a final order for purposes of judicial review.
(6) If it appears to the board, based upon credible evidence presented to the board, that a person has engaged in or is about to engage in an unlicensed act or practice, any act or practice constituting a violation of this part 3, any rule promulgated pursuant to this part 3, any order issued pursuant to this part 3, or any act or practice constituting grounds for administrative sanction pursuant to this part 3, the board may enter into a stipulation with such person.
(7) If any person fails to comply with a final cease-and-desist order or a stipulation, the board may request the attorney general or the district attorney for the judicial district in which the alleged violation exists to bring, and if so requested such attorney shall bring, suit for a temporary restraining order and for injunctive relief to prevent any further or continued violation of the final order.
(8) A person aggrieved by the final cease-and-desist order may seek judicial review of the board's determination or of the board's final order in a court of competent jurisdiction.
(9) After finding that a person has unlawfully engaged in the practice of architecture, the board may jointly and severally assess against the person a fine of not less than fifty dollars and not more than five thousand dollars for each violation proven by the board. The board shall transmit the moneys collected pursuant to this subsection (9) to the state treasurer, who shall credit them to the general fund.
(10) An individual practicing architecture who is not licensed or exempt from licensure shall not collect compensation of any kind for such practice, and, if compensation has been paid, the individual shall refund the compensation in full.