2016 Colorado Revised Statutes
Title 40 - Utilities
Article 11.5 - Independent Contractors - Motor Carriers
§ 40-11.5-102. Lease provisions
(1) Leases between motor carriers or contract carriers and independent contractors may contain, but need not be limited to, the following provisions:
(a) (I) The independent contractor, working with a certificated taxi or limousine carrier, may either lease a motor vehicle owned by the certificated carrier or may own the motor vehicle and lease it to the certificated carrier, who may release the vehicle to the independent contractor.
(II) The independent contractor, working with a certificated common carrier or contract carrier, other than a certificated taxi or limousine carrier, may own the motor vehicle and lease it to the certificated carrier.
(b) The lease may require the independent contractor to be instructed in the method of the carrier's operation, and to be familiar with federal, state, and municipal statutes, ordinances, and regulations. The lease may further require the certificated carrier or contract carrier to enforce compliance with such federal, state, and municipal statutes, ordinances, and regulations by the independent contractor. Compliance with the provisions of this paragraph (b) shall not affect the status of the independent contractor as an independent contractor for purposes of this article.
(c) The lease may provide for the transportation services to be accomplished personally by the independent contractor.
(d) The lease may provide for uniformity, on the body of the motor vehicle being used, of color and any written displays.
(e) The lease may provide for periodic driver safety training.
(f) The lease may provide for some control over any assistant working with the independent contractor relating to the enforcement of, and compliance with, federal, state, and municipal statutes, ordinances, and regulations.
(g) The lease may establish a specific number of hours to complete a particular shipment of goods and may provide for the creation of shifts which are primarily created to make available transportation equipment on a basis established to meet public need and necessity, and to provide adequate service to the public at all times.
(h) The lease may provide for certain regulations in the event radio telecommunication procedures are used between the certificated carrier or contract carrier and the driver of the vehicle.
(i) The lease may provide that the independent contractor only work for the certificated carrier or contract carrier as a driver during the time the independent contractor is operating the motor vehicle pursuant to the lease.
(j) The lease may prohibit the independent contractor from individually advertising the services being offered while driving for the certificated carrier or contract carrier pursuant to the terms of the lease.
(k) The lease may provide for the carrier to pay the independent contractor's fees when the carrier accepts charge vouchers for services rendered to customers.
(2) The lease may be terminated by any party, but nothing in this section shall be construed as relieving an independent contractor from the obligation of completing an accepted trip.
(3) The lease need not be for a term certain.
(4) Leases containing provisions pursuant to paragraphs (a), (b), (e), (f), (g), (h), and (i) of subsection (1) of this section shall be presumed prima facie evidence of an independent contractor relationship between the parties to the lease. This presumption may be overcome by clear and convincing evidence of an employment relationship between the parties to the lease considering only factors not in the lease. Leases containing the other optional provisions shall not change the characterization of the relationship evidenced by the lease.
(5) (a) Any lease or contract executed pursuant to this section shall provide for coverage under workers' compensation or a private insurance policy that provides similar coverage.
(b) For purposes of this subsection (5), "similar coverage" means disability insurance for on and off the job injury, health insurance, and life insurance. The specifications of such insurance, including the amount of any deductible, shall meet or exceed standards set by the division of insurance in the department of regulatory agencies, and such standards shall specify that the benefits offered by such insurance coverage shall be at least comparable to the benefits offered under the workers' compensation system.
(c) The lease shall provide for the payment of such coverage by either the lessor or lessee. If the lease provides for the lessee to pay for such coverage, proof of coverage shall be maintained by the lessor for the duration of the lease and the lessor shall not have liability for failure of compliance by the lessee.
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