2016 Colorado Revised Statutes
Title 31 - Government - Municipal
Powers and Functions of Cities and Towns
Article 25 - Public Improvements
Part 4 - Public Mall Act of 1970
§ 31-25-402. Legislative declaration - powers
(1) The general assembly finds and declares that, in certain areas in municipalities and particularly in retail shopping areas thereof, there is need to separate pedestrian travel from vehicular travel and that such separation is necessary to protect the public safety or otherwise to serve the public interest and convenience. The general assembly further finds and declares that such objective can be accomplished, in part, by the establishment of pedestrian malls.
(2) The powers granted in this subsection (2) shall be exercised by the governing body in accordance with the terms of this part 4 and in the same manner as is otherwise provided by law. The governing body of a municipality has the power:
(a) To establish pedestrian malls;
(b) To prohibit, in whole or in part, vehicular traffic on a pedestrian mall, which power shall be in addition to and not by way of a limitation upon the power granted or held by governing bodies under other laws, and this paragraph (b) is not intended to limit powers already held by governing bodies to deal with their public rights-of-way;
(c) To acquire, by gift, purchase, eminent domain, or otherwise, all types of interest in real property and rights-of-way, together with improvements, which will become part of a pedestrian mall or which will otherwise be used by the municipality as part of or for purposes connected with a pedestrian mall, and such land, real property, or rights-of-way may be improved in the same manner as municipal streets may be improved under paragraph (e) of this subsection (2); to retain title to the pedestrian mall or to convey, lease, or transfer the pedestrian mall, in whole or in part, on such terms as it deems advisable, to an improvement district or other body or agency; and to deal with it generally in any manner which it deems appropriate so long as it is used for public purposes and in the public interest;
(d) To construct or ensure the construction of, through an improvement district or other appropriate body or agency, on municipal streets which have been or will be established as a pedestrian mall or on all types of interest in real property and rights-of-way described under paragraph (c) of this subsection (2), improvements of any kind or nature necessary or convenient to the operation of such municipal streets or interests in real property and rights-of-way as a pedestrian mall;
(e) To make such improvements as are authorized under paragraph (d) of this subsection (2) on municipal streets adjacent to or near the pedestrian mall and other improvements as are necessary or convenient to the operation of the mall;
(f) To pay, from general funds of the municipality, from proceeds of general obligation bonds, from other moneys available to the municipality, from the proceeds of assessments levied on lands benefited by the establishment of a pedestrian mall, from funds raised through bonds issued thereagainst, or from any other source whatsoever, the damages, if any, allowed or awarded to any property owner by reason of the establishment of a pedestrian mall and to make adequate provisions to secure the payment of said moneys as provided in section 31-25-406;
(g) To pay, from general funds of the municipality, from proceeds of general obligation bonds, from other moneys available to the municipality, from the proceeds of assessments levied on property benefited by any such improvements, from funds raised through bonds issued payable from such assessments, or from any other source whatsoever, the whole or any portion of the cost of such improvements;
(h) To levy assessments against properties benefited by the proposed pedestrian mall in an amount no greater than the total damages or compensation paid to landowners or to assess such damages as part of the total cost of the improvements made in the mall area, so long as the amount assessed does not exceed the special benefits conferred;
(i) To issue special assessment bonds in anticipation of the collection of special assessments payable in installments or to be levied at annual intervals over a designated term and to additionally secure the payment of such bonds by or from a source otherwise provided by law;
(j) To do any and all other acts or things necessary or convenient for the accomplishment of the purposes of this part 4.
(3) The acquisitions and improvements authorized in paragraphs (c) and (e) of subsection (2) of this section shall be deemed improvements as such term or a related term is used in this part 4. The governing body shall also have the power to transfer, lease, and convey, on such terms as it deems advisable, all such improvements and interests in real property.
(4) This part 4 and all of its provisions shall be liberally construed to the end that its purposes may be effectuated. Any proceeding taken pursuant to this part 4 shall not be invalid for failure to comply with the provisions of this part 4 if the acts done and proceedings taken are in substantial compliance with the terms and provisions set forth in this part 4.
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