2016 Colorado Revised Statutes
Title 13 - Courts and Court Procedure
Judgments and Executions
Article 54.5 - Garnishment
§ 13-54.5-107. Service of notice upon judgment debtor
(1) In a case of continuing garnishment, the garnishee shall deliver a copy of the writ of garnishment required by section 13-54.5-105 to the judgment debtor at the time the judgment debtor receives earnings for the first pay period affected by such writ of continuing garnishment.
(2) (a) In cases other than a continuing garnishment where the judgment debtor's personal property is subject to garnishment, service of the notice of exemption and pending levy required by section 13-54.5-106 must be made by one of the following means:
(I) Giving the notice of exemption and pending levy to the judgment debtor in person and obtaining a receipt;
(II) Personal service;
(III) (A) Depositing the notice in the United States mail, postage prepaid and addressed to the judgment debtor's last-known address known to the judgment creditor. A notice served in this manner must be sent either by certified mail, return receipt requested, or by regular mail supported by an affidavit of mailing sworn and retained by the judgment creditor.
(B) A notice mailed and not returned as undeliverable by the United States postal service is presumed to have been given on the date of mailing. For the purposes of this subsection (2), "undeliverable" does not include unclaimed or refused.
(C) If the judgment debtor has provided consent for notice by electronic mail as described in subparagraph (IV) of this paragraph (a), the judgment creditor shall also provide the notice as described in subparagraph (IV) of this paragraph (a) when using the notice provisions in this subparagraph (III).
(IV) Transmitting the notice by electronic mail, if the judgment debtor has previously consented to receive information about the debt from the judgment creditor in electronic form, to the last-known electronic mail address of the judgment debtor on file with the judgment creditor. A notice served in this manner must be supported by an affidavit, executed under penalty of perjury, of any officer, clerk, or agent of the creditor or the creditor's attorney, authorized to serve the notice or electronically transmit the notice under this section. The affidavit constitutes proof of notice under this subparagraph (IV).
(b) (I) If service cannot be made upon the judgment debtor as set forth in paragraph (a) of this subsection (2), and upon a showing that due diligence has been used to obtain service as set forth in paragraph (a) of this subsection (2), the court shall order service of a notice of exemption and pending levy to be made by one of the following methods:
(A) Publication for a period of fourteen days in a newspaper of general circulation published in the county in which the property was levied upon; or
(B) If there is no newspaper of general circulation published in the county in which the property was levied upon, then service is made by publication for a period of fourteen days in a newspaper of general circulation in an adjoining county, and the court shall order the clerk of the court in which the judgment was entered to mail a copy of the notice to the judgment debtor at the judgment debtor's last-known address, postage prepaid.
(II) A newspaper used for service by publication as set forth in this paragraph (b) must meet the requirements set forth in section 24-70-106, C.R.S.
(III) (A) The judgment creditor shall file with the clerk of the court in which the judgment was entered a notice of exemption and pending levy, as well as proof of service of the notice.
(B) In the case of service by publication, the judgment creditor shall file with the clerk of the court in which the judgment was entered an affidavit of publication and an affidavit of the mailing of the notice.
(3) Compliance with this section and sections 13-54.5-105 and 13-54.5-106 by the judgment creditor shall be deemed to give sufficient notice to the judgment debtor of the garnishment proceedings against him, and no further notice shall be required under this article.
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