2016 Colorado Revised Statutes
Title 12 - Professions and Occupations
Article 41.5 - Respiratory Therapy Practice Act
§ 12-41.5-109. Grounds for action - disciplinary proceedings
(1) The director may take disciplinary action against a licensee if the director finds that such person has represented himself or herself to be a licensed respiratory therapist after the expiration or suspension of his or her license.
(2) The director has the power to revoke, suspend, deny, or refuse to renew a license, place on probation a licensee, or issue a letter of admonition to a licensee in accordance with subsections (3), (4), (5), and (6) of this section upon proof that the person:
(a) Has procured or attempted to procure a license by fraud, deceit, misrepresentation, misleading omission, or material misstatement of fact;
(b) (I) Has been convicted of or has entered and had accepted by a court a plea of guilty or nolo contendere to:
(A) A felony pursuant to section 18-1.3-401, C.R.S.; or
(B) Any crime as defined in title 18, C.R.S., that relates to such person's employment as a respiratory therapist.
(II) A certified copy of the judgment of a court of competent jurisdiction of such conviction or plea shall be prima facie evidence of such conviction. In conjunction with any disciplinary proceeding pertaining to this paragraph (b), the director shall be governed by section 24-5-101, C.R.S.
(c) Has willfully or negligently acted in a manner inconsistent with the health or safety of persons under his or her care;
(d) Has had a license to practice respiratory therapy or any other health care occupation suspended, revoked, or otherwise subjected to discipline in any jurisdiction. A certified copy of the order of suspension, revocation, or discipline shall be prima facie evidence of such suspension, revocation, or discipline.
(e) Has violated this article or has aided or knowingly permitted any person to violate this article;
(f) Practiced respiratory therapy in a manner which failed to meet generally accepted standards for respiratory therapists;
(g) Has negligently or willfully violated any order or rule of the director pertaining to the practice or licensure of respiratory therapy;
(h) Is an excessive or habitual user or abuser of alcohol or habit-forming drugs or is a habitual user of a controlled substance, as defined in section 18-18-102 (5), C.R.S., or other drugs having similar effects; except that the director has the discretion not to discipline the license holder if he or she is participating in good faith in a program approved by the director designed to end such use or abuse;
(i) (I) Has failed to notify the director, as required by section 12-41.5-109.7, of a physical or mental condition or illness that affects the licensee's ability to practice respiratory therapy with reasonable skill and safety or that may endanger the health or safety of persons under his or her care;
(II) Has failed to act within the limitations created by a physical or mental condition or illness that renders the person unable to practice respiratory therapy with reasonable skill and safety or that might endanger the health or safety of persons under his or her care; or
(III) Has failed to comply with the limitations agreed to under a confidential agreement entered pursuant to section 12-41.5-109.7;
(j) Has committed:
(I) A fraudulent insurance act as defined in section 10-1-128, C.R.S.;
(II) An abuse of health insurance, as set forth in section 18-13-119, C.R.S., or advertised through any medium that he or she will perform an act prohibited by section 18-13-119 (3), C.R.S.;
(k) Has engaged in any of the following activities or practices:
(I) Willful and repeated ordering and performance, without justification, of demonstrably unnecessary laboratory tests or studies;
(II) Administering treatment that is demonstrably unnecessary, without clinical justification;
(III) Failing to obtain consultations or perform referrals when failing to do so is inconsistent with the standard of care for the profession; or
(IV) Ordering or performing, without clinical justification, a service, procedure, or treatment that is contrary to recognized standards of the practice of respiratory therapy as interpreted by the director;
(l) Has practiced respiratory therapy without possessing a valid license issued by the director in accordance with this article and any rules adopted under this article;
(m) Has used in connection with his or her name any designation that implies that he or she is a certified, registered, or licensed respiratory therapist, unless the person is licensed pursuant to this article;
(n) Has practiced respiratory therapy as a licensed respiratory therapist during the time that his or her license was suspended, revoked, or expired;
(o) Has sold, fraudulently obtained, or furnished a license to practice as a licensed respiratory therapist, or has aided or abetted such activity;
(p) Has failed to notify the director of the suspension, probation, or revocation of any of the person's past or currently held licenses, certificates, or registrations required to practice respiratory therapy in this or any other jurisdiction;
(q) Has knowingly employed any person who is not licensed in the practice of respiratory therapy in the capacity of a respiratory therapist;
(r) Has failed to respond in a timely manner to a complaint issued under this article; or
(s) Has refused to submit to a physical or mental examination when ordered by the director pursuant to section 12-41.5-109.5.
(2.5) The director shall revoke, suspend, deny, or refuse to renew a license, place a licensee on probation, or issue a cease-and-desist order or letter of admonition to a licensee in accordance with subsections (3), (4), (5), and (6) of this section upon proof that the person:
(a) Has falsified or repeatedly made incorrect essential entries or repeatedly failed to make essential entries on patient records;
(b) Has practiced outside of or beyond the person's area of training, experience, or competence.
(3) Except as otherwise provided in subsection (2) of this section, the director need not find that the actions that are grounds for discipline were willful but may consider whether such actions were willful when determining the nature of disciplinary sanctions to be imposed.
(4) A disciplinary proceeding may be commenced when the director has reasonable grounds to believe that a licensee has committed acts that may violate this section.
(5) Disciplinary proceedings shall be conducted pursuant to article 4 of title 24, C.R.S., and the hearing and opportunity for review shall be conducted pursuant to such article by the director or by an administrative law judge, at the director's discretion. The director has the authority to exercise all powers and duties conferred by this article during such disciplinary proceedings.
(5.5) (a) The director may request the attorney general to seek an injunction, in any court of competent jurisdiction, to enjoin any person from committing any act prohibited by this article. When seeking an injunction under this paragraph (a), the attorney general shall not be required to allege or prove the inadequacy of any remedy at law or that substantial or irreparable damage is likely to result from a continued violation of this article.
(b) (I) In accordance with the provisions of article 4 of title 24, C.R.S., and this article, the director is authorized to investigate, hold hearings, and gather evidence in all matters related to the exercise and performance of the powers and duties of the director.
(II) The director or an administrative law judge may administer oaths, take affirmations of witnesses, and issue subpoenas to compel the attendance of witnesses and the production of all relevant papers, books, records, documentary evidence, and materials in any hearing, investigation, accusation, or other matter coming before the director. The director may appoint an administrative law judge pursuant to part 10 of article 30 of title 24, C.R.S., to take evidence and to make findings and report them to the director.
(III) Upon failure of any witness to comply with a subpoena or process, the district court of the county in which the subpoenaed person or licensee resides or conducts business, upon application by the director with notice to the subpoenaed person or licensee, may issue to the person or licensee an order requiring that person or licensee to appear before the director; to produce the relevant papers, books, records, documentary evidence, or materials if so ordered; or to give evidence touching the matter under investigation or in question. If the person or licensee fails to obey the order of the court, the court may hold the person or licensee in contempt of court.
(6) If the director finds the charges proved and orders that discipline be imposed, the director may require, as a condition of reinstatement, that the licensee take such therapy or courses of training or education as may be needed to correct any deficiency found.
(7) A final action of the director may be judicially reviewed by the court of appeals in accordance with section 24-4-106 (11), C.R.S., and judicial proceedings for the enforcement of an order of the director may be instituted in accordance with section 24-4-106, C.R.S.
(8) (a) The director, the director's staff, any person acting as a witness or consultant to the director, any witness testifying in a proceeding authorized under this article, and any person who lodges a complaint pursuant to this article shall be immune from liability in any civil action brought against him or her for acts occurring while acting in his or her capacity as director, staff, consultant, or witness, respectively, if such individual was acting in good faith within the scope of his or her respective capacity, made a reasonable effort to obtain the facts of the matter as to which he or she acted, and acted in the reasonable belief that the action taken by him or her was warranted by the facts.
(b) A person who in good faith makes a complaint or report or participates in an investigative or administrative proceeding pursuant to this article shall be immune from liability, civil or criminal, that otherwise might result from such participation.
(9) An employer of a respiratory therapist shall report to the director any disciplinary action taken against such therapist or the resignation of such therapist in lieu of disciplinary action for conduct that violates this article.
(10) (a) Investigations, examinations, hearings, meetings, and other proceedings of the director conducted pursuant to this section shall be exempt from any law that requires:
(I) Such proceedings to be conducted publicly; or
(II) The minutes or records of the director, with respect to action taken pursuant to this section, to be open to the public.
(b) Paragraph (a) of this subsection (10) shall not apply after the director has made a decision to proceed with a disciplinary action and has served by first-class mail a notice of formal complaint on the licensee.
(11) (a) When a complaint or investigation discloses an instance of misconduct that, in the opinion of the director, does not warrant formal action by the director but that should not be dismissed as being without merit, the director may issue and send a letter of admonition to the licensee.
(b) When the director sends a letter of admonition to a licensee, the letter must advise the licensee that he or she has the right to request in writing, within twenty days after receipt of the letter, that the director initiate formal disciplinary proceedings to adjudicate the propriety of the conduct upon which the letter of admonition is based.
(c) If the request for adjudication is timely made, the letter of admonition shall be deemed vacated and the matter shall be processed by means of formal disciplinary proceedings.
(11.5) When a complaint or investigation discloses an instance of conduct that does not warrant formal action by the director and, in the opinion of the director, the complaint should be dismissed, but the director has noticed indications of possible errant conduct by the licensee that could lead to serious consequences if not corrected, a confidential letter of concern may be issued and sent to the licensee.
(12) When a complaint or an investigation discloses an instance of misconduct that, in the opinion of the director, warrants formal action, the complaint shall not be resolved by a deferred settlement, action, judgment, or prosecution.
(13) (a) If it appears to the director, based upon credible evidence as presented in a written complaint by any person, that a licensee is acting in a manner that is an imminent threat to the health and safety of the public, or a person is acting or has acted without the required license, the director may issue an order to cease and desist such activity. The order shall set forth the statutes and rules alleged to have been violated, the facts alleged to have constituted the violation, and the requirement that all unlawful acts or unlicensed practices immediately cease.
(b) Within ten days after service of the order to cease and desist pursuant to paragraph (a) of this subsection (13), the respondent may request a hearing on the question of whether acts or practices in violation of this article have occurred. Such hearing shall be conducted pursuant to sections 24-4-104 and 24-4-105, C.R.S.
(14) (a) If it appears to the director, based upon credible evidence as presented in a written complaint by any person, that a person has violated any other portion of this article, then, in addition to any specific powers granted pursuant to this article, the director may issue to such person an order to show cause as to why the director should not issue a final order directing such person to cease and desist from the unlawful act or unlicensed practice.
(b) A person against whom an order to show cause has been issued pursuant to paragraph (a) of this subsection (14) shall be promptly notified by the director of the issuance of the order, along with a copy of the order, the factual and legal basis for the order, and the date set by the director for a hearing on the order. Such notice may be served by personal service, by first-class United States mail, postage prepaid, or as may be practicable upon any person against whom such order issued. Personal service or mailing of an order or document pursuant to this subsection (14) shall constitute notice thereof to the person.
(c) (I) The hearing on an order to show cause shall be commenced no sooner than ten and no later than forty-five calendar days after the date of transmission or service of the notification by the director as provided in paragraph (b) of this subsection (14). The hearing may be continued by agreement of all parties based upon the complexity of the matter, number of parties to the matter, and legal issues presented in the matter, but in no event shall the hearing commence later than sixty calendar days after the date of transmission or service of the notification.
(II) If a person against whom an order to show cause has been issued pursuant to paragraph (a) of this subsection (14) does not appear at the hearing, the director may present evidence that notification was properly sent or served upon such person pursuant to paragraph (b) of this subsection (14) and such other evidence related to the matter as the director deems appropriate. The director shall issue the order within ten days after the director's determination related to reasonable attempts to notify the respondent, and the order shall become final as to that person by operation of law. Such hearing shall be conducted pursuant to sections 24-4-104 and 24-4-105, C.R.S.
(III) If the director reasonably finds that the person against whom the order to show cause was issued is acting or has acted without the required license, or has or is about to engage in acts or practices constituting violations of this article, a final cease-and-desist order may be issued, directing such person to cease and desist from further unlawful acts or unlicensed practices.
(IV) The director shall provide notice, in the manner set forth in paragraph (b) of this subsection (14), of the final cease-and-desist order within ten calendar days after the hearing conducted pursuant to this paragraph (c) to each person against whom the final order has been issued. The final order issued pursuant to subparagraph (III) of this paragraph (c) shall be effective when issued and shall be a final order for purposes of judicial review.
(15) If it appears to the director, based upon credible evidence presented to the director, that a person has engaged in or is about to engage in any unlicensed act or practice, any act or practice constituting a violation of this article, any rule promulgated pursuant to this article, any order issued pursuant to this article, or any act or practice constituting grounds for administrative sanction pursuant to this article, the director may enter into a stipulation with such person.
(16) If any person fails to comply with a final cease-and-desist order or a stipulation, the director may request the attorney general or the district attorney for the judicial district in which the alleged violation exists to bring, and if so requested such attorney shall bring, suit for a temporary restraining order and for injunctive relief to prevent any further or continued violation of the final order.
(17) A person aggrieved by the final cease-and-desist order may seek judicial review of the director's determination or of the director's final order as provided in subsection (7) of this section.
(18) A respiratory therapist whose license is revoked or who surrenders his or her license to avoid discipline under this section is not eligible to apply for a license under this article for two years after the license is revoked or surrendered.
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