2016 Colorado Revised Statutes
Title 12 - Professions and Occupations
Article 37 - Direct-Entry Midwives
§ 12-37-107. Disciplinary action authorized - grounds for discipline - injunctions - rules
(1) If a direct-entry midwife has violated any of the provisions of section 12-37-103, 12-37-104, 12-37-105, or 12-37-109 (3), the director may deny, revoke, or suspend a registration, issue a letter of admonition to a registrant, place a registrant on probation, or apply for a temporary or permanent injunction against a direct-entry midwife, through the attorney general, in any court of competent jurisdiction, enjoining such direct-entry midwife from practicing midwifery or committing any such violation. Injunctive proceedings under this subsection (1) shall be in addition to, and not in lieu of, any other penalties or remedies provided in this article.
(2) (a) (I) The director may assess a civil penalty in the form of a fine, not to exceed five thousand dollars, for violation of a rule or order of the director or any other act or omission prohibited by this article.
(II) The director shall adopt rules establishing a fine structure and the circumstances under which fines may be imposed.
(b) Any moneys collected pursuant to this subsection (2) shall be transmitted to the state treasurer, who shall credit such moneys to the general fund.
(3) The director may deny, revoke, or suspend a registration or issue a letter of admonition or place a registrant on probation for any of the following acts or omissions:
(a) Any violation of section 12-37-103, 12-37-104, 12-37-105, or 12-37-109 (3);
(b) Failing to provide any information required pursuant to, or to pay any fee assessed in accordance with, section 12-37-103 or providing false, deceptive, or misleading information to the division that the direct-entry midwife knew or should reasonably have known was false, deceptive, or misleading;
(c) Failing to respond in an honest, materially responsive, and timely manner to a letter of complaint from the director;
(d) Failing to comply with an order of the director, including an order placing conditions or restrictions on the registrant's practice;
(e) Engaging in any act or omission that does not meet generally accepted standards of safe care for women and infants, whether or not actual injury to a client is established;
(f) Abuse or habitual or excessive use of a habit-forming drug, a controlled substance as defined in section 18-18-102 (5), C.R.S., or alcohol;
(g) Procuring or attempting to procure a registration in this or any other state or jurisdiction by fraud, deceit, misrepresentation, misleading omission, or material misstatement of fact;
(h) Having had a license or registration to practice direct-entry midwifery or any other health care profession or occupation suspended or revoked in any jurisdiction;
(i) Violating any law or regulation governing the practice of direct-entry midwifery in another state or jurisdiction. A plea of nolo contendere or its equivalent accepted by any state agency of another state or jurisdiction may be considered to be the same as a finding of violation for purposes of a proceeding under this article.
(j) Falsifying, failing to make essential entries in, or in a negligent manner making incorrect entries in client records;
(k) Conviction of a felony or acceptance by a court of a plea of guilty or nolo contendere to a felony. A certified copy of the judgment of a court of competent jurisdiction of such conviction or plea shall be prima facie evidence of such conviction.
(l) Aiding or knowingly permitting any person to violate any provision of this article;
(m) Advertising through newspapers, magazines, circulars, direct mail, directories, radio, television, website, e-mail, text message, or otherwise that the registrant will perform any act prohibited by this article; or
(n) (I) Failing to notify the director, as required by section 12-37-108.5 (1), of a physical or mental illness or condition that renders the registrant unable, or limits the registrant's ability, to practice direct-entry midwifery with reasonable skill and safety to the client;
(II) Failing to act within the limitations created by a physical or mental illness or condition that renders the registrant unable to practice direct-entry midwifery with reasonable skill and safety or that may endanger the health or safety of persons under his or her care; or
(III) Failing to comply with the limitations agreed to under a confidential agreement entered pursuant to section 12-37-108.5.
(4) Any proceeding to deny, suspend, or revoke a registration or place a registrant on probation shall be conducted pursuant to sections 24-4-104 and 24-4-105, C.R.S. Such proceeding may be conducted by an administrative law judge designated pursuant to part 10 of article 30 of title 24, C.R.S. Any final decision of the director shall be subject to judicial review by the court of appeals pursuant to section 24-4-106 (11), C.R.S.
(5) The director may accept as prima facie evidence of grounds for disciplinary action any disciplinary action taken against a registrant by another jurisdiction if the violation that prompted such disciplinary action would be grounds for disciplinary action under this article.
(6) (a) The director or an administrative law judge may administer oaths, take affirmations of witnesses, and issue subpoenas to compel the attendance of witnesses and the production of all relevant papers, books, records, documentary evidence, and materials in any hearing, investigation, accusation, or other matter coming before the director. The director may appoint an administrative law judge pursuant to part 10 of article 30 of title 24, C.R.S., to take evidence and to make findings and report them to the director, including copies of hospital and physician records. The provider of such copies shall prepare the copies from the original record and shall delete the name of the patient or client, to be retained by the custodian of the records from which the copies were made, but shall identify the patient or client by a numbered code. Upon certification by the custodian that the copies are true and complete except for the patient's or client's name, the copies shall be deemed authentic, subject to the right to inspect the originals for the limited purpose of ascertaining the accuracy of the copies. No privilege of confidentiality exists with respect to such copies and no liability lies against the director or the custodian or the director's or custodian's authorized employees for furnishing or using such copies in accordance with this section.
(b) Upon failure of any witness to comply with such subpoena or process, the district court of the county in which the subpoenaed person or registrant resides or conducts business, upon application by the director with notice to the subpoenaed person or registrant, may issue to the person or registrant an order requiring that person or registrant to appear before the director; to produce the relevant papers, books, records, documentary evidence, or materials if so ordered; or to give evidence touching the matter under investigation or in question. Failure to obey the order of the court may be punished by the court as a contempt of court.
(7) (a) When a complaint or investigation discloses an instance of misconduct that, in the opinion of the director, does not warrant formal action by the director but that should not be dismissed as being without merit, the director may issue and send a letter of admonition to the registrant.
(b) When the director sends a letter of admonition to a registrant, the director shall inform the registrant that he or she has the right to request in writing, within twenty days after receipt of the letter, that the director initiate formal disciplinary proceedings to adjudicate the propriety of the conduct upon which the letter of admonition is based.
(c) If the request for adjudication is timely made, the letter of admonition is vacated and the matter shall be processed by means of formal disciplinary proceedings.
(7.5) When a complaint or investigation discloses an instance of conduct that does not warrant formal action by the director and, in the opinion of the director, the complaint should be dismissed, but the director has noticed indications of possible errant conduct by the registrant that could lead to serious consequences if not corrected, a confidential letter of concern may be issued and sent to the registrant.
(8) When a complaint or an investigation discloses an instance of misconduct that, in the opinion of the director, warrants formal action, the complaint shall not be resolved by a deferred settlement, action, judgment, or prosecution.
(9) (a) If it appears to the director, based upon credible evidence as presented in a written complaint by any person, that a registrant is acting in a manner that is an imminent threat to the health and safety of the public or a person is acting or has acted without the required registration, the director may issue an order to cease and desist such activity. The order shall set forth the statutes and rules alleged to have been violated, the facts alleged to have constituted the violation, and the requirement that all unlawful acts or unregistered practices immediately cease.
(b) Within ten days after service of the order to cease and desist pursuant to paragraph (a) of this subsection (9), the respondent may request a hearing on the question of whether acts or practices in violation of this article have occurred. Such hearing shall be conducted pursuant to sections 24-4-104 and 24-4-105, C.R.S.
(10) (a) If it appears to the director, based upon credible evidence as presented in a written complaint by any person, that a person has violated any other portion of this article, then, in addition to any specific powers granted pursuant to this article, the director may issue to such person an order to show cause as to why the director should not issue a final order directing such person to cease and desist from the unlawful act or unregistered practice.
(b) A person against whom an order to show cause has been issued pursuant to paragraph (a) of this subsection (10) shall be promptly notified by the director of the issuance of the order, along with a copy of the order, the factual and legal basis for the order, and the date set by the director for a hearing on the order. Such notice may be served by personal service, by first-class United States mail, postage prepaid, or as may be practicable upon any person against whom such order is issued. Personal service or mailing of an order or document pursuant to this subsection (10) shall constitute notice thereof to the person.
(c) (I) The hearing on an order to show cause shall be commenced no sooner than ten and no later than forty-five calendar days after the date of transmission or service of the notification by the director as provided in paragraph (b) of this subsection (10). The hearing may be continued by agreement of all parties based upon the complexity of the matter, number of parties to the matter, and legal issues presented in the matter, but in no event shall the hearing commence later than sixty calendar days after the date of transmission or service of the notification.
(II) If a person against whom an order to show cause has been issued pursuant to paragraph (a) of this subsection (10) does not appear at the hearing, the director may present evidence that notification was properly sent or served upon such person pursuant to paragraph (b) of this subsection (10) and such other evidence related to the matter as the director deems appropriate. The director shall issue the order within ten days after the director's determination related to reasonable attempts to notify the respondent, and the order shall become final as to that person by operation of law. Such hearing shall be conducted pursuant to sections 24-4-104 and 24-4-105, C.R.S.
(III) If the director reasonably finds that the person against whom the order to show cause was issued is acting or has acted without the required registration or has or is about to engage in acts or practices constituting violations of this article, a final cease-and-desist order may be issued directing such person to cease and desist from further unlawful acts or unregistered practices.
(IV) The director shall provide notice, in the manner set forth in paragraph (b) of this subsection (10), of the final cease-and-desist order within ten calendar days after the hearing conducted pursuant to this paragraph (c) to each person against whom the final order has been issued. The final order issued pursuant to subparagraph (III) of this paragraph (c) shall be effective when issued and shall be a final order for purposes of judicial review.
(11) If it appears to the director, based upon credible evidence presented to the director, that a person has engaged in or is about to engage in any unregistered act or practice, any act or practice constituting a violation of this article, any rule promulgated pursuant to this article, any order issued pursuant to this article, or any act or practice constituting grounds for administrative sanction pursuant to this article, the director may enter into a stipulation with such person.
(12) If any person fails to comply with a final cease-and-desist order or a stipulation, the director may request the attorney general or the district attorney for the judicial district in which the alleged violation exists to bring, and if so requested such attorney shall bring, suit for a temporary restraining order and for injunctive relief to prevent any further or continued violation of the final order.
(13) A person aggrieved by the final cease-and-desist order may seek judicial review of the director's determination or of the director's final order in a court of competent jurisdiction.
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