2016 Colorado Revised Statutes
Title 12 - Professions and Occupations
Article 33 - Chiropractors
Part 1 - General Provisions
§ 12-33-127. Animal chiropractic - registration - qualifications - continuing education - collaboration with veterinarian - discipline - title restriction - rules
(1) (a) A licensed chiropractor who is registered under this section is authorized to perform animal chiropractic when such chiropractic diagnosis and treatment is consistent with the scope of practice for chiropractors and the animal has been provided a veterinary medical clearance by a licensed veterinarian. A chiropractor shall have the knowledge, skill, ability, and documented competency to perform an act that is within the scope of practice for chiropractors.
(b) In recognition of the special authority granted by this section, the performance of animal chiropractic in accordance with this section shall not be deemed a violation of section 12-64-104.
(c) A licensed chiropractor who is not registered under this section may perform animal chiropractic if the animal has been provided a veterinary medical clearance by a licensed veterinarian and the animal chiropractic is performed under the direct, on-premises supervision of the veterinarian who has provided the veterinary medical clearance.
(d) An individual who is not licensed as a chiropractor or a veterinarian may not perform animal chiropractic.
(2) The state board of chiropractic examiners shall regulate animal chiropractic and diagnosis, including, without limitation, educational and clinical requirements for the performance of animal chiropractic and the procedure for referring complaints to the department of regulatory agencies regarding animal chiropractic diagnosis and therapy.
(3) Registry. (a) The state board of chiropractic examiners shall maintain a database of all licensed chiropractors that are registered pursuant to this section and rules promulgated pursuant to this article to practice animal chiropractic in this state. Information in the database shall be open to public inspection at all times and shall be easily accessible in electronic form.
(b) A licensed chiropractor who chooses to practice animal chiropractic and who seeks registration in animal chiropractic shall provide the state board of chiropractic examiners with registration information as required by the board, which shall include the chiropractor's name, current address, education and training in the field of animal chiropractic, active Colorado chiropractic license, and qualifications to perform animal chiropractic and treatment. Forms for chiropractors to provide such information shall be provided by the board.
(4) Educational qualifications. A licensed chiropractor who seeks registration in animal chiropractic shall obtain education in the field of animal chiropractic from an accredited college of veterinary medicine, an accredited college of chiropractic, or an educational program deemed equivalent by mutual agreement of the state board of chiropractic examiners and the state board of veterinary medicine. The educational program shall consist of no fewer than two hundred ten hours, shall include both classroom instruction and clinical experience, and shall culminate with a proficiency evaluation. The educational program shall include the following subjects:
(a) Chiropractic topics, including:
(I) History and systems review;
(II) Subluxation and vertebral subluxation; and
(III) Adjustment techniques for dogs and horses;
(b) Veterinary topics specific to canine and equine species, including:
(I) Anatomy, including sacropelvic, thoracolumbar, cervical, and extremity, including normal hoof anatomy and care;
(IV) Knowledge of breed anomalies;
(VI) Biomechanics, gait, and lameness;
(VII) Neurology, neuroanatomy, and neurological conditions;
(VIII) Differential diagnosis of neuromusculoskeletal conditions;
(IX) Motion palpation;
(X) Pathology; and
(XI) Radiographic interpretation;
(c) Recognition of canine and equine zoonotic and contagious diseases;
(d) Animal-specific case management, outcome assessment, and documentation; and
(e) Animal-specific professional ethics and legalities.
(5) Continuing education. A licensed chiropractor who is registered to perform animal chiropractic shall complete twenty hours of continuing education per licensing period that is specific to the diagnosis and treatment of animals. All continuing education courses shall be in the fields of study listed in subsection (4) of this section.
(6) Records and professional collaboration. (a) A licensed veterinarian who provides veterinary medical clearance for animal chiropractic may require a veterinarian's presence at any chiropractic treatment rendered pursuant to the veterinary medical clearance.
(b) The chiropractor and the veterinarian shall continue professional collaboration as necessary for the well-being of the animal patient. The veterinarian shall provide the animal patient's medical record to the chiropractor upon request.
(c) The chiropractor shall maintain an animal patient record that includes the written veterinary medical clearance, including the name of the veterinarian, date, and time the clearance was received. The chiropractor shall furnish a copy of the medical record to the veterinarian upon the veterinarian's request.
(d) A licensed chiropractor registered to perform animal chiropractic shall maintain complete and accurate records or patient files in the chiropractor's office for a minimum of three years.
(7) Discipline. Complaints received in the office of the state board of chiropractic examiners that include allegations of a violation related to animal chiropractic shall be forwarded to the state board of veterinary medicine for its review and advisory recommendation to the state board of chiropractic examiners. The state board of chiropractic examiners retains the final authority for decisions related to the discipline of a chiropractor.
(8) Separate treatment room. A licensed chiropractor who provides animal chiropractic diagnosis and treatment in the same facility where human patients are treated shall maintain a separate, noncarpeted room for the purpose of adjusting animals. The table and equipment used for animals shall not be used for human patients.
(9) Use of title. Only a licensed chiropractor qualified and registered in Colorado to perform animal chiropractic may use the titles "animal chiropractor", "animal adjuster", "equine chiropractor", or "equine adjuster". No chiropractor shall use the titles "veterinary chiropractor" or "veterinary adjuster" unless the chiropractor is also licensed to practice veterinary medicine in Colorado. Nothing in this section shall prohibit a licensed veterinarian from using the titles "animal adjuster" or "equine adjuster".
(10) Rules. The state board of chiropractic examiners, in consultation with the state board of veterinary medicine, may establish by rule any additional requirements to be met by a chiropractor regarding required documentation and any other rules necessary for the implementation of this section.
(11) Nothing in this section shall be construed to prohibit, limit, or alter the privileges or practices of any other licensed profession, including veterinarians, from performing spinal, extremity, or other aspects of adjustment, manipulation, or mobilization on animals as allowed for in the scope of their respective practice acts.
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