2016 Colorado Revised Statutes
Title 12 - Professions and Occupations
General - Continued
Article 61 - Real Estate
Part 9 - Mortgage Loan Originators
§ 12-61-902. Definitions
As used in this part 9, unless the context otherwise requires:
(1) "Affiliate" means a person who, directly or indirectly, through intermediaries controls, is controlled by, or is under the common control of another person addressed by this part 9.
(1.2) "Affordable housing dwelling unit" means an affordable housing dwelling unit as defined in section 29-26-102, C.R.S.
(1.3) "Board" means the board of mortgage loan originators created in section 12-61-902.5.
(1.5) "Borrower" means any person who consults with or retains a mortgage loan originator in an effort to obtain or seek advice or information on obtaining or applying to obtain a residential mortgage loan for himself, herself, or persons including himself or herself, regardless of whether the person actually obtains such a loan.
(1.7) "Community development organization" means any community housing development organization or community land trust as defined by the federal "Cranston-Gonzalez National Affordable Housing Act of 1990" or a community-based development organization as defined by the federal "Housing and Community Development Act of 1974", that is also either a private or public nonprofit organization that is exempt from taxation under section 501 (a) of the federal "Internal Revenue Code of 1986" pursuant to section 501 (c) of the federal "Internal Revenue Code of 1986", 26 U.S.C. sec. 501 (a) and 501 (c), and that receives funding from the United States department of housing and urban development, Colorado division of housing, Colorado housing and finance authority, or United States department of agriculture rural development, or through a grantee of the United States department of housing and urban development, purely for the purpose of community housing development activities.
(2) "Depository institution" has the same meaning as set forth in the "Federal Deposit Insurance Act", 12 U.S.C. sec. 1813 (c), and includes a credit union.
(3) "Director" means the director of the division of real estate.
(4) "Division" means the division of real estate.
(4.3) "Dwelling" shall have the same meaning as set forth in the federal "Truth in Lending Act", 15 U.S.C. sec. 1602 (v).
(4.5) "Federal banking agency" means the board of governors of the federal reserve system, the comptroller of the currency, the director of the office of thrift supervision, the national credit union administration, or the federal deposit insurance corporation.
(4.6) "HUD-approved housing counseling agency" means an agency that is either a private or public nonprofit organization that is exempt from taxation under section 501 (a) of the federal "Internal Revenue Code of 1986" pursuant to section 501 (c) of the federal "Internal Revenue Code of 1986", 26 U.S.C. sec. 501 (a) and 501 (c), and approved by the United States department of housing and urban development, in accordance with the housing counseling program handbook section 7610.1 and 24 CFR 214.
(4.7) "Individual" means a natural person.
(4.9) (a) "Loan processor or underwriter" means an individual who performs clerical or support duties at the direction of, and subject to supervision by, a state-licensed loan originator or a registered loan originator.
(b) As used in this subsection (4.9), "clerical or support duties" includes duties performed after receipt of an application for a residential mortgage loan, including:
(I) The receipt, collection, distribution, and analysis of information commonly used for the processing or underwriting of a residential mortgage loan; and
(II) Communicating with a borrower to obtain the information necessary to process or underwrite a loan, to the extent that the communication does not include offering or negotiating loan rates or terms or counseling consumers about residential mortgage loan rates or terms.
(5) "Mortgage company" means a person other than an individual who, through employees or other individuals, takes residential loan applications or offers or negotiates terms of a residential mortgage loan.
(5.5) "Mortgage lender" means a lender who is in the business of making residential mortgage loans if:
(a) The lender is the payee on the promissory note evidencing the loan; and
(b) The loan proceeds are obtained by the lender from its own funds or from a line of credit made available to the lender from a bank or other entity that regularly loans money to lenders for the purpose of funding mortgage loans.
(6) (a) "Mortgage loan originator" means an individual who:
(I) Takes a residential mortgage loan application; or
(II) Offers or negotiates terms of a residential mortgage loan.
(b) "Mortgage loan originator" does not include:
(I) An individual engaged solely as a loan processor or underwriter;
(II) A person that only performs real estate brokerage or sales activities and is licensed or registered pursuant to part 1 of this article, unless the person is compensated by a mortgage lender or a mortgage loan originator;
(III) A person solely involved in extensions of credit relating to time share plans, as defined in 11 U.S.C. sec. 101 (53D);
(IV) An individual who is servicing a mortgage loan; or
(V) A person that only performs the services and activities of a dealer, as defined in section 24-32-3302, C.R.S.
(6.3) "Nationwide mortgage licensing system and registry" means a mortgage licensing system developed pursuant to the federal "Secure and Fair Enforcement for Mortgage Licensing Act of 2008", 12 U.S.C. sec. 5101 et seq., to track the licensing and registration of mortgage loan originators and that is established and maintained by:
(a) The conference of state bank supervisors and the American association of residential mortgage regulators, or their successor entities; or
(b) The secretary of the United States department of housing and urban development.
(6.5) "Nontraditional mortgage product" means a mortgage product other than a thirty-year, fixed-rate mortgage.
(7) "Originate a mortgage" means to act, directly or indirectly, as a mortgage loan originator.
(7.5) "Person" means a natural person, corporation, company, limited liability company, partnership, firm, association, or other legal entity.
(7.6) "Quasi-government agency" means an agency that is either a private or public nonprofit organization that is exempt from taxation under section 501 (a) of the federal "Internal Revenue Code of 1986" pursuant to section 501 (c) of the federal "Internal Revenue Code of 1986", 26 U.S.C. sec. 501 (a) and 501 (c), and was created to operate in accordance with article 4 of title 29, C.R.S., as a public housing authority.
(7.7) "Real estate brokerage activity" means an activity that involves offering or providing real estate brokerage services to the public, including, without limitation:
(a) Acting as a real estate agent or real estate broker for a buyer, seller, lessor, or lessee of real property;
(b) Bringing together parties interested in the sale, purchase, lease, rental, or exchange of real property;
(c) Negotiating, on behalf of any party, any portion of a contract relating to the sale, purchase, lease, rental, or exchange of real property, other than matters related to financing for the transaction;
(d) Engaging in an activity for which a person engaged in the activity is required under applicable law to be registered or licensed as a real estate agent or real estate broker; or
(e) Offering to engage in any activity, or act in any capacity related to such activity, described in this subsection (7.7).
(8) "Residential mortgage loan" means a loan that is primarily for personal, family, or household use and that is secured by a mortgage, deed of trust, or other equivalent, consensual security interest on a dwelling or residential real estate upon which is constructed or intended to be constructed a single-family dwelling or multiple-family dwelling of four or fewer units.
(9) "Residential real estate" means any real property upon which a dwelling is or will be constructed.
(9.5) "Self-help housing organization" means a private or public nonprofit organization that is exempt from taxation under section 501 (a) of the federal "Internal Revenue Code of 1986" pursuant to section 501 (c) of the federal "Internal Revenue Code of 1986", 26 U.S.C. sec. 501 (a) and 501 (c), and that purely originates residential mortgage loans with interest rates no greater than zero percent for borrowers who have provided part of the labor to construct the dwelling securing the loan or that receives funding from the United States department of agriculture rural development section 502 mutual self-help housing program for borrowers that have provided part of the labor to construct the dwelling securing the loan.
(10) "Servicing a mortgage loan" means collecting, receiving, or obtaining the right to collect or receive payments on behalf of a mortgage lender, including payments of principal, interest, escrow amounts, and other amounts due on obligations due and owing to the mortgage lender.
(11) "State-licensed loan originator" means an individual who is:
(a) A mortgage loan originator or engages in the activities of a mortgage loan originator;
(b) Not an employee of a depository institution or a subsidiary that is:
(I) Owned and controlled by a depository institution; and
(II) Regulated by a federal banking agency;
(c) Licensed or required to be licensed pursuant to this part 9; and
(d) Registered as a state-licensed loan originator with, and maintains a unique identifier through, the nationwide mortgage licensing system and registry.
(12) "Unique identifier" means a number or other identifier assigned to a mortgage loan originator pursuant to protocols established by the nationwide mortgage licensing system and registry.
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