2019 California Code
Business and Professions Code - BPC
DIVISION 4 - REAL ESTATE
PART 2 - REGULATION OF TRANSACTIONS
CHAPTER 2 - The Vacation Ownership and Time-Share Act of 004
ARTICLE 4 - Management and Governance
(a) The association shall not be authorized to cause the absolute forfeiture of a time-share interest owner’s right, title, or interest in the time-share plan on account of the time-share interest owner’s failure to comply with provisions of the time-share instrument or the rules and regulations for the time-share plan except pursuant to either of the following:
(1) The judgment of a court or the decision of an arbitrator as provided in the time-share instrument.
(2) A foreclosure or sale under a power of sale for the failure of a time-share interest owner to pay assessments duly levied by the association.
(b) The time-share instrument may authorize the governing body of the association, or the managing entity acting on behalf of the governing body, to suspend a time-share interest owner’s right to the occupancy of an accommodation, and all related rights and privileges as a time-share interest owner of a time-share interest in the time-share plan, during the period of time that the time-share interest owner is delinquent in the payment of regular or special assessments or other charges duly levied by the association. The time-share interest owner shall be given written notice of the suspension of his or her rights and privileges immediately after the decision to suspend has been made.
(c) The time-share instrument may authorize the association to impose a monetary penalty to suspend a time-share interest owner’s right to use an accommodation or other facility that is part of the time-share plan or to take other disciplinary action that is appropriate, short of the forfeiture of the time-share interest owner’s right, title, and interest in the time-share plan, for violations of the provisions of the time-share instrument and of the rules and regulations for operation of the time-share plan by the time-share interest owner, his or her guests or persons under his or her control, including, but not limited to, all of the following:
(1) Failure to vacate an accommodation upon expiration of the time-share interest owner’s use period.
(2) Damage to an accommodation or any other real or personal property that is part of the time-share plan.
(3) Permitting a time-share interest to be subject to a lien, other than the lien of nondelinquent real property taxes or assessments, claim, or charge that could result in the sale of time-share interests of other time-share interest owners.
(4) Creating a disturbance that interferes with the use and enjoyment of facilities of the time-share plan by other time-share interest owners.
(d) Before disciplinary action authorized under subdivision (c) can be imposed by the association, the time-share interest owner against whom the action is proposed to be taken shall be given 30-days prior written notice and the opportunity to present a written or oral defense to the charges.
(1) The governing body of the association shall decide whether the time-share interest owner’s defense shall be oral or written.
(2) The time-share interest owner shall be notified of the decision of the governing body of the association before disciplinary action is taken.
(e) The association may delegate to the managing entity, the power and authority to carry out disciplinary actions duly imposed by the governing body.
(f) For single site time-share plans and component sites of specific time-share interest multisite time-share plans and nonspecific time-share interest multisite time-share plans located outside this state, and offered for sale in this state, the public report shall contain the following disclosure in conspicuous 14-point type:
THIS TIME SHARE PLAN MAY NOT BE SUBJECT TO THE SAME PROTECTIONS AGAINST FORFEITURE AND FORECLOSURE AS PROVIDED BY CALIFORNIA LAW. YOU SHOULD BECOME FAMILIAR WITH THE PROCEDURES PROVIDED BY THE LAWS OF THE STATE IN WHICH THE TIME-SHARE PLAN IS LOCATED.
(Added by Stats. 2004, Ch. 697, Sec. 14. Effective January 1, 2005. Section operative July 1, 2005, pursuant to Section 11288.)