2019 California Code
Business and Professions Code - BPC
DIVISION 4 - REAL ESTATE
PART 2 - REGULATION OF TRANSACTIONS
CHAPTER 2 - The Vacation Ownership and Time-Share Act of 004
ARTICLE 4 - Management and Governance
Section 11265.

11265.  

(a) For single site time-share plans and component sites of a specific time-share interest multisite time-share plan, the following requirements apply:

(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), regular assessments to defray the expenses of maintaining the time-share property and operating the time-share plan shall be levied against each time-share interest owner according to the ratio that the number of time-share interests owned by a time-share interest owner assessed bears to the total number of time-share interests subject to assessments. Regular assessments levied by the association shall not exceed the amount necessary to defray the estimated expenses for which the assessments are levied.

(2) The assessment against each owner in the time-share plan may be determined according to a formula or schedule under which assessments against each time-share interest owner are equitably apportioned in accordance with operational and maintenance costs attributable to each time-share interest owner.

(3) A special assessment shall be levied upon the same basis as that prescribed for the levying of regular assessments except in the case where the special assessment is levied against a time-share interest owner for the purpose of reimbursing the association for costs incurred in bringing the time-share interest owner into compliance with provisions of the governing instruments for the time-share plan.

(4) All time-share interests in the time-share plan for which a public report has been issued including those time-share interests held by the developer of the time-share plan are interests subject to the payment of regular and special assessments.

(5) The governing body of the association may be authorized by the governing instruments to impose, without the vote or written assent of the association, a regular annual assessment per time-share interest that is as much as 20 percent greater than the regular annual assessment for the immediately preceding fiscal year. An annual assessment for each time-share interest that is more than 20 percent greater than the regular assessment per time-share interest for the immediately preceding fiscal year may not be levied without the vote or written assent of a majority of the voting power of the association residing in members other than the developer. An increase in the annual assessment attributable to an increase in real property taxes against accommodations of the time-share property shall be excluded in determining whether the annual assessment is more than 20 percent greater than the regular assessment per interest for the preceding fiscal year.

(6) Except as provided in this section, special assessments against time-share interest owners in a time-share plan may not be imposed without the vote or written assent of a majority of the voting power of the association residing in members other than the developer. The governing body of the association may be authorized by the governing instruments to impose special assessments without the vote or written assent of the association as follows:

(A) Special assessments against all time-share interest owners in the time-share plan, other than a special assessment to restore or rebuild because of damage or destruction to an accommodation, which in the aggregate in any fiscal year do not exceed 5 percent of the budgeted gross expenses of the association for that fiscal year.

(B) A special assessment for the repair or rebuilding of an accommodation that does not exceed 10 percent of the budgeted gross expenses of the association for the fiscal year in which the assessment is levied.

(C) Special assessments against a time-share interest owner or owners for the purpose of reimbursing the association for costs incurred in bringing the time-share interest owner into compliance with provisions of the governing instruments for the time-share plan.

(7) Regular assessments against all of the time-share interests in an accommodation of the time-share plan shall commence on the same date. Regular assessments shall commence on the first day of the month following the closing of the escrow of the first sale of a time-share interest in the time-share plan, but may be delayed to the date of commencement of time-share interest owners’ occupancy rights in the accommodation or to a date that is not more than six months later than the date of closing of the first sale involving a right to use the accommodation, whichever occurs earlier in time.

(b) For single site time-share plans and component sites of a multisite time-share plan located outside of the state the time-share instruments shall include the subject matter set forth in paragraphs (1) to (4), inclusive, of subdivision (a). The time-share instruments shall be in compliance with the applicable laws of the state or jurisdiction in which the time-share property or component site is located, and if a conflict exists between the affirmative standards of the laws of the situs state and the requirements set forth in this section, the law of the situs state shall control. If the time-share instruments provide for the matters contained in paragraphs (1) to (4), inclusive, of subdivision (a), the time-share instruments shall be deemed to be in compliance with the requirements of paragraphs (1) to (4), inclusive, of subdivision (a) and this subdivision and the developer shall not be required to make revisions in order to comply with paragraphs (1) to (4), inclusive, of subdivision (a) and this subdivision. If the maximum increase in annual assessments for a time-share plan located outside of this state is greater than the 20 percent set forth in paragraph (5) of subdivision (a), the public report shall include the following disclosure in conspicuous 14-point type:

YOUR ANNUAL ASSESSMENTS ARE NOT SUBJECT TO THE CALIFORNIA LIMITATION OF A 20% ANNUAL INCREASE WITHOUT THE VOTE OF THE OWNERS OTHER THAN THE DEVELOPER. YOUR ASSESSMENT MAY BE INCREASED BY AS MUCH AS ____% PER YEAR.

(c) For nonspecific time-share interest multisite time-share plans the following requirements apply:

(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), regular assessments to defray the expenses of maintaining and operating the multisite time-share plan shall be levied against each time-share interest owner according to the ratio that the number of time-share interests owned by a time-share interest owner assessed bears to the total number of time-share interests subject to assessments.

(2) The assessment against each time-share interest owner in the multisite time-share plan may be determined according to a formula or schedule under which assessments against each time-share interest owner are equitably apportioned in accordance with operational and maintenance costs attributable to each time-share interest owner.

(3) A special assessment shall be levied upon the same basis as that prescribed for the levying of regular assessments except in the case where the special assessment is levied against a time-share interest owner for the purpose of reimbursing the association for costs incurred in bringing the time-share interest owner into compliance with provisions of the governing instruments for the time-share plan.

(4) All time-share interests in the multisite time-share plan for which a public report has been issued including those time-share interests held by the developer of the multisite time-share plan are interests subject to the payment of regular and special assessments.

(Added by Stats. 2004, Ch. 697, Sec. 14. Effective January 1, 2005. Section operative July 1, 2005, pursuant to Section 11288.)

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