2013 California Code
Business and Professions Code - BPC
DIVISION 7. GENERAL BUSINESS REGULATIONS
PART 3. REPRESENTATIONS TO THE PUBLIC
CHAPTER 1. Advertising
ARTICLE 1.4. Telephonic Sellers
17511.12

CA Bus & Prof Code § 17511.12 (2013) What's This?

(a) Every telephonic seller shall maintain a bond issued by a surety company admitted to do business in this state. The bond shall be in the amount of one hundred thousand dollars ($100,000) in favor of the State of California for the benefit of any person suffering pecuniary loss in a transaction commenced during the period of bond coverage with a telephonic seller who violated this chapter. The bond shall include coverage for the payment of the portion of any judgment, including a judgment entered pursuant to Section 17203 or 17535, that provides for restitution to any person suffering pecuniary loss, notwithstanding whether the surety is joined or served in the action or proceeding. A copy of the bond shall be filed with the Consumer Law Section of the Department of Justice. This bond may not be required of any cable television operator franchised or licensed pursuant to Section 53066 of the Government Code.

(b) (1) At least 10 days prior to the inception of any promotion offering a premium with an actual market value or advertised value of five hundred dollars ($500) or more, the telephonic seller shall notify the Attorney General in writing of the details of the promotion, describing the premium, its current market value, the value at which it is advertised or held out to the customer, and the date the premium shall be awarded. All premiums offered shall be awarded. The telephonic seller shall maintain an additional bond for the total current market value or advertised value, whichever is greater, of the premiums held out or advertised to be available to a purchaser or recipient. A copy of the bond shall be filed with the Consumer Law Section of the Department of Justice. The bond shall be for the benefit of any person entitled to the premium who did not receive it within 30 days of the date disclosed to the Attorney General as the date on which the premium would be awarded. The amount paid to a person under a bond required by this subdivision may not exceed the greater of the current market value or advertised or represented value of the premium offered to that person. The bond shall include coverage for the payment of any judgment, including a judgment entered pursuant to Section 17203 or 17535, that provides for payment of the value of premiums that were not timely awarded, notwithstanding whether the surety is joined or served in the action or proceeding. The bond shall also provide for payment upon motion by the Attorney General pursuant to subdivision (d) in the event the seller fails to provide the Attorney General with proof of the award of premiums as required in paragraph (2).

(2) Within 45 days after the date disclosed to the Attorney General for the award of premiums, the seller shall provide to the Attorney General proof that all premiums were awarded. The proof shall include the names, addresses, and telephone numbers of the recipients of the premiums and the date or dates on which the premiums were awarded. The bond shall be maintained until the seller files proof with the Attorney General as required by this subdivision or until payment of the amount of the bond is ordered pursuant to subdivision (d).

(c) (1) In addition to any other means for the enforcement of the surety s liability on a bond required by this section, the surety s liability on the bond may be enforced by motion, as provided in this subdivision, after a judgment has been obtained against the seller.

(2) The Attorney General, district attorney, city attorney, or any other person who obtained a judgment for restitution against the seller, as described in subdivision (a), may file a motion in the court that entered the judgment to enforce liability on the bond without first attempting to enforce the judgment against any party liable under the judgment.

(3) The notice of motion, the motion, and a copy for the judgment shall be served on the surety as provided in Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 1010) of Title 14 of Part 2 of the Code of Civil Procedure. The notice shall set forth the amount of the claim and a brief statement indicating that the claim is covered by the bond. Service shall also be made on the Consumer Law Section of the Department of Justice.

(4) The court shall grant the motion unless the surety establishes that the claim is not covered by the bond, or the court sustains an objection made by the Attorney General that the grant of the motion might impair the rights of actual or potential claimants or is not in the public interest.

(d) (1) In addition to any other means for the enforcement of the surety s liability on a bond required by subdivision (b), the surety s liability on the bond may be enforced by motion as provided in this subdivision.

(2) The Attorney General, district attorney, city attorney, or any person who claims the premium, may file a motion in the superior court of the county from which the seller made an offer of a premium, in which the seller maintains any office or place of business, or in which an offeree of the premium resides, or in any other court of competent jurisdiction. The motion shall set forth the nature of the seller s offer, the greater of the current market value or advertised or represented value of the premium, the date by which the premium should have been awarded, and the fact that the premium was not awarded as represented.

(3) The notice of motion and motion shall be served on the surety as provided in Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 1010) of Title 14 of Part 2 of the Code of Civil Procedure.

(4) The court shall grant the motion unless the surety establishes that the claim is untrue or is not covered by the bond.

(5) The Attorney General may file a motion in the superior court of the county from which the seller made an offer of a premium, or in which an offeree of a premium resides, or in any other court of competent jurisdiction, for the payment of the entire bond if the seller fails to file proof with the Attorney General of the award of all premiums as required by paragraph (2) of subdivision (b). The notice of motion and motion shall be served as provided in Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 1010) of Title 14 of Part 2 of the Code of Civil Procedure. The motion shall be granted if the Attorney General establishes that the seller failed to file proof of making the timely award of all premiums. The recovery on the bond shall be distributed pro rata to the promised recipients of the premiums to the extent their identity is actually known to the Attorney General at the time payment is made by the surety. The balance of the recovery shall be paid to any judicially established consumer protection trust fund designated by the Attorney General or as directed by the court under the cy pres doctrine.

(e) No stay of a motion filed pursuant to this section may be granted pending the determination of conflicting claims among beneficiaries. An order enforcing liability on a bond may be enforced in the same manner as a money judgment pursuant to Title 9 (commencing with Section 680.010) of Part 2 of the Code of Civil Procedure. Nothing herein affects the rights of the surety against the principal.

(f) The surety is not liable on the bond for payment of a judgment against a seller for any violation of this chapter unless the action or proceeding is filed within two years after the cancellation or termination of the bond, the termination of the seller s registration, or the seller s cessation of business, whichever is later.

(g) The surety is not liable on a motion made pursuant to subdivision (d) unless the motion is filed within two years of the date on which the seller represented the premium was to have been awarded.

(h) For the purpose of this section, judgment includes a final order in a proceeding for the termination of telephone service pursuant to Public Utilities Commission Tariff Rule 31.

(i) Chapter 2 (commencing with Section 995.010) of Title 14 of Part 2 of the Code of Civil Procedure shall apply to the enforcement of a bond given pursuant to this section except to the extent of any inconsistency with this section, in which event this section shall apply.

(Amended by Stats. 2003, Ch. 449, Sec. 1. Effective January 1, 2004.)

Disclaimer: These codes may not be the most recent version. California may have more current or accurate information. We make no warranties or guarantees about the accuracy, completeness, or adequacy of the information contained on this site or the information linked to on the state site. Please check official sources.