2010 California Code
Education Code
Article 1. Election, Jurisdiction, Organization And Procedure

EDUCATION CODE
SECTION 1000-1017



1000.  Except in a city and county, there shall be a county board of
education, which shall consist of five or seven members to be
determined by the county committee on school district organization.
Each member of the board shall be an elector of the trustee area
which he represents and shall be elected by the electors of the
trustee area. In chartered counties the manner of selection of the
county board of education shall be prescribed in the county charter,
or by the county board of supervisors. In a county unified school
district or in a unified or elementary school district which includes
all of the territory over which a county superintendent of schools
has jurisdiction, the governing board of the district shall serve as
the county board of education.



1001.  (a) In those counties where the county superintendent of
schools has jurisdiction over a school district situated in two or
more counties, any qualified elector residing in the part of the
school district situated in a county whose county superintendent of
schools does not have jurisdiction of that school district shall be
eligible to vote for one or more members of the county board of
education of the county whose county superintendent of schools has
jurisdiction over the school district. Each such elector shall be
eligible to vote for the member of the county board of education
representing the trustee area of that county having jurisdiction as
designated by the county committee on school district organization.
The committee shall apportion the portion of the school district
territory not situated in the county having jurisdiction to one or
more trustee areas of the other county so that that territory shall,
insofar as possible, be represented as if it were situated in the
county having jurisdiction. The territory so apportioned shall not
become a part of the trustee area to which apportioned for any other
purpose. As used in this subdivision, "school district" means any
joint union elementary school district, joint union high school
district, or joint unified school district, but does not include any
community college district.
   (b) Any person who is a resident of a county and is made eligible
to vote for the county board of education of another county pursuant
to subdivision (a) shall not be eligible to vote for the county board
of education of the county of which he or she is a resident.
Notwithstanding the foregoing provisions of this subdivision, a
person shall be eligible to vote for both county boards of education
if he or she is a resident of an elementary school district of any
type that is included in a joint union high school district and the
elementary school district and the joint union high school district
are each under the jurisdiction of different county superintendents
of schools.
   (c) "County," for purposes of this section, includes any county
other than a charter county for which the charter specifies that this
section does not apply.



1002.  (a) Upon being so requested by the county board of education,
the county committee on school district organization, by a
two-thirds vote of the members, may either change the boundaries of
any or all of the trustee areas of the county, or propose to increase
or decrease the number of members of the county board of education,
or both. The trustee areas shall be as nearly equal in population as
may be, except that in establishing or changing the boundaries of the
trustee areas the county committee may give consideration to the
following factors:
   (1) Topography.
   (2) Geography.
   (3) Cohesiveness, contiguity, integrity, and compactness of
territory.
   (4) Community of interests of the trustee areas.
   In any event, the county committee shall ensure that trustee areas
are as nearly equal in population as practicable.
   (b) Following each decennial federal census, and using population
figures validated by the Population Research Unit of the Department
of Finance as a basis, the county committee shall adjust the
boundaries of any or all of the trustee areas of the county board of
education as necessary to meet the population criteria set forth in
subdivision (a).
   (c) Changes in trustee area boundaries or a proposed reduction in
the number of county board of education members shall be made in
writing and filed with the county board of supervisors not later than
the first day of March of any school year.
   (d) In those counties in which the election of members of county
boards of education are required to be held on the same date as
prescribed for the election of members of governing boards of school
districts, as provided in Section 1007, the county committees on
school district organization shall fix the boundaries of trustee
areas, insofar as possible, to coincide with the boundaries of school
districts.
   (e) Whenever the boundaries of trustee areas are changed so as to
be coterminous with those of supervisorial districts of the county,
the election for members of the county board of education shall be
consolidated with the countywide election.



1003.  When a county committee on school district organization
proposes to reduce from seven to five or increase from five to seven
the number of members of the county board of education, the county
committee shall call and conduct a hearing on the matter. At the
conclusion of the hearing, the county committee shall, by resolution,
approve or disapprove the proposal.



1004.  The resolution of the county committee approving a reduction
or increase in the number of members of the county board of education
shall constitute an order of election, and the proposal shall be
presented to the electors of the county not later than the next
succeeding election for members of the county board of education. The
ballot shall contain the following words, as appropriate:
   "For decreasing (increasing) the number of members of the county
board of education from seven (five) to five (seven)--Yes"
   "For decreasing (increasing) the number of members of the county
board of education from seven (five) to five (seven)--No"




1005.  The boundaries of any trustee area shall not at any time be
changed so as to affect the term of office of any member of the
county board of education who has been elected and whose term of
office has not expired.


1006.  (a) Any registered voter is eligible to be a member of the
county board of education except the county superintendent of
schools, any member of his staff, or any employee of a school
district.
   (b) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the county board
of education may adopt or the residents of the county may propose, by
initiative, a proposal to limit or repeal a limit on the number of
terms a member of the county board of education may serve on the
county board of education. Any proposal to limit the number of terms
a member of the county board of education may serve on the county
board of education shall apply prospectively only and shall not
become operative unless it is submitted to the electors of the county
at a regularly scheduled election and a majority of the votes cast
on the question favor the adoption of the proposal.
   (c) An initiative measure proposed pursuant to subdivision (b)
shall be subject to the procedures set forth in Chapter 2 (commencing
with Section 9100) of Division 9 of the Elections Code.




1007.  (a) Members of the county board of education shall be elected
on the date and in the manner prescribed for the election of members
of governing boards of school districts, provided the elections are
held throughout the county on the same date; otherwise the election
shall be consolidated with the direct primary election. Once
established, no subsequent change of circumstances shall require that
the time of holding the election be changed. Where the elections for
governing board members are held on the same date, then the
provisions of Section 5303 shall apply to the election of members of
the county board of education. Elections held pursuant to this
article shall be conducted by the county board of education. Members
elected at the time of the direct primary shall take office on the
first day of July, and members elected at the date on which members
of school district governing boards are elected shall take office on
the last Friday in November subsequent to their election. The county
committee on school district organization shall determine the manner
in which the county board of education first elected shall effect a
staggering of terms.
   (b) This section shall govern the election and term of office of
members of a county board of education except as provided under
Section 5000.5.



1008.  When any vacancy exists on the county board of education of
any county on or after December 1, 1978, the vacancy shall be filled
in the manner prescribed in Article 3 (commencing with Section 5090)
of Chapter 1 of Part 4.


1009.  The county board of education shall organize at a meeting
held in each year by electing one of their number president of the
board. The meeting at which the organization is conducted shall be
either the first meeting on or after the last Friday in November, or
the first meeting on or after the first day in July, depending upon
whether, pursuant to Section 1007, the terms of office of board
members commence on the last Friday in November or the first day in
July.


1010.  The county superintendent of schools is ex officio secretary
and executive officer of the board.



1011.  Regular meetings of the board shall be held at times it may
determine, but not less than once per month and shall be conducted in
accordance with Chapter 9 (commencing with Section 54950) of
Division 2 of Title 5 of the Government Code.




1012.  Special meetings may be called by the president whenever, in
his judgment, the exigencies of the schools require them to be held.
Upon the request of any three members, in writing, the president
shall call a special meeting.


1013.  A majority of the members shall constitute a quorum for the
transaction of business.



1014.  No teacher's certificate shall be issued or renewed, nor
shall any books or apparatus be adopted except by an affirmative vote
of at least a majority of the members of the board.



1015.  On the call of any member, the ayes and nays shall be taken
upon any proposition, and the vote shall be recorded in the minutes
of the board.


1016.  At special meetings, no business shall be transacted other
than such as may be specified in the call of the president, except
that certificates to teach, upon credentials, may be granted, and
unexpired certificates to teach may be renewed at any meeting of the
board.



1017.  In those counties in which the election of members of county
boards of education are required to be held on the same date as
prescribed for the election of members of governing boards of school
districts, as provided in Section 1007, the offices of those members
of the county board of education whose terms have been fixed to
expire in even-numbered years shall become vacant upon the expiration
of those terms. The vacancies arising shall be filled by the
majority of the remaining members of the board, and the appointees
shall hold office only until the first day of July following the
election of their successors.

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