2009 California Penal Code - Section 270-273.75 :: Chapter 2. Abandonment And Neglect Of Children

PENAL CODE
SECTION 270-273.75

270.  If a parent of a minor child willfully omits, without lawful
excuse, to furnish necessary clothing, food, shelter or medical
attendance, or other remedial care for his or her child, he or she is
guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by a fine not exceeding two
thousand dollars ($2,000), or by imprisonment in the county jail not
exceeding one year, or by both such fine and imprisonment. If a court
of competent jurisdiction has made a final adjudication in either a
civil or a criminal action that a person is the parent of a minor
child and the person has notice of such adjudication and he or she
then willfully omits, without lawful excuse, to furnish necessary
clothing, food, shelter, medical attendance or other remedial care
for his or her child, this conduct is punishable by imprisonment in
the county jail not exceeding one year or in a state prison for a
determinate term of one year and one day, or by a fine not exceeding
two thousand dollars ($2,000), or by both such fine and imprisonment.
This statute shall not be construed so as to relieve such parent
from the criminal liability defined herein for such omission merely
because the other parent of such child is legally entitled to the
custody of such child nor because the other parent of such child or
any other person or organization voluntarily or involuntarily
furnishes such necessary food, clothing, shelter or medical
attendance or other remedial care for such child or undertakes to do
so.
   Proof of abandonment or desertion of a child by such parent, or
the omission by such parent to furnish necessary food, clothing,
shelter or medical attendance or other remedial care for his or her
child is prima facie evidence that such abandonment or desertion or
omission to furnish necessary food, clothing, shelter or medical
attendance or other remedial care is willful and without lawful
excuse.
   The court, in determining the ability of the parent to support his
or her child, shall consider all income, including social insurance
benefits and gifts.
   The provisions of this section are applicable whether the parents
of such child are or were ever married or divorced, and regardless of
any decree made in any divorce action relative to alimony or to the
support of the child. A child conceived but not yet born is to be
deemed an existing person insofar as this section is concerned.
   The husband of a woman who bears a child as a result of artificial
insemination shall be considered the father of that child for the
purpose of this section, if he consented in writing to the artificial
insemination.
   If a parent provides a minor with treatment by spiritual means
through prayer alone in accordance with the tenets and practices of a
recognized church or religious denomination, by a duly accredited
practitioner thereof, such treatment shall constitute "other remedial
care", as used in this section.

270.5.  (a) Every parent who refuses, without lawful excuse, to
accept his or her minor child into the parent's home, or, failing to
do so, to provide alternative shelter, upon being requested to do so
by a child protective agency and after being informed of the duty
imposed by this statute to do so, is guilty of a misdemeanor and
shall be punished by a fine of not more than five hundred dollars
($500).
   (b) For purposes of this section, "child protective agency" means
a police or sheriff's department, a county probation department, or a
county welfare department.
   (c) For purposes of this section, "lawful excuse" shall include,
but not be limited to, a reasonable fear that the minor child's
presence in the home will endanger the safety of the parent or other
persons residing in the home.

270.6.  If a court of competent jurisdiction has made a temporary or
permanent order awarding spousal support that a person must pay, the
person has notice of that order, and he or she then leaves the state
with the intent to willfully omit, without lawful excuse, to furnish
the spousal support, he or she is punishable by imprisonment in a
county jail for a period not exceeding one year, a fine not exceeding
two thousand dollars ($2,000), or both that imprisonment and fine.

270a.  Every individual who has sufficient ability to provide for
his or her spouse's support, or who is able to earn the means of such
spouse's support, who willfully abandons and leaves his or her
spouse in a destitute condition, or who refuses or neglects to
provide such spouse with necessary food, clothing, shelter, or
medical attendance, unless by such spouse's conduct the individual
was justified in abandoning such spouse, is guilty of a misdemeanor.

270b.  After arrest and before plea or trial, or after conviction or
plea of guilty and before sentence under either Section 270 or 270a,
if the defendant shall appear before the court and enter into an
undertaking with sufficient sureties to the people of the State of
California in such penal sum as the court may fix, to be approved by
the court, and conditioned that the defendant will pay to the person
having custody of such child or to such spouse, such sum per month as
may be fixed by the court in order to thereby provide such minor
child or such spouse as the case may be, with necessary food,
shelter, clothing, medical attendance, or other remedial care, then
the court may suspend proceedings or sentence therein; and such
undertaking is valid and binding for two years, or such lesser time
which the court shall fix; and upon the failure of defendant to
comply with such undertaking, the defendant may be ordered to appear
before the court and show cause why further proceedings should not be
had in such action or why sentence should not be imposed, whereupon
the court may proceed with such action, or pass sentence, or for good
cause shown may modify the order and take a new undertaking and
further suspend proceedings or sentence for a like period.

270c.  Except as provided in Chapter 2 (commencing with Section
4410) of Part 4 of Division 9 of the Family Code, every adult child
who, having the ability so to do, fails to provide necessary food,
clothing, shelter, or medical attendance for an indigent parent, is
guilty of a misdemeanor.

270d.  In any case where there is a conviction and sentence under
the provisions of either Section 270 or 270a, should a fine be
imposed, such fine shall be directed by the court to be paid in whole
or in part to the spouse of the defendant or guardian or custodian
of the child or children of such defendant, except as follows:
   If the children are receiving public assistance, all fines,
penalties or forfeitures imposed and all funds collected from the
defendant shall be paid to the county department. Money so paid shall
be applied first to support for the calendar month following its
receipt by the county department and any balance remaining shall be
applied to future needs, or be treated as reimbursement for past
support furnished from public assistance funds.

270e.  No other evidence shall be required to prove marriage of
husband and wife, or that a person is the lawful father or mother of
a child or children, than is or shall be required to prove such facts
in a civil action. In all prosecutions under either Section 270a or
270 of this code, Sections 970, 971, and 980 of the Evidence Code do
not apply, and both husband and wife shall be competent to testify to
any and all relevant matters, including the fact of marriage and the
parentage of a child or children. Proof of the abandonment and
nonsupport of a spouse, or of the omission to furnish necessary food,
clothing, shelter, or of medical attendance for a child or children
is a prima facie evidence that such abandonment and nonsupport or
omission to furnish necessary food, clothing, shelter or medical
attendance is willful. In any prosecution under Section 270, it shall
be competent for the people to prove nonaccess of husband to wife or
any other fact establishing nonpaternity of a husband. In any
prosecution pursuant to Section 270, the final establishment of
paternity or nonpaternity in another proceeding shall be admissible
as evidence of paternity or nonpaternity.

270f.  Where, under the provisions of this chapter, a report is
filed by a parent of a child with the district attorney averring:
   (1) That the other parent has failed to provide necessary support
and
   (2) That neither the child in need of assistance nor another on
his behalf is receiving public assistance, the district attorney
shall immediately investigate the verity of such report and determine
the defaulting parent's location and financial ability to provide
the needed support, and upon a finding that the report is true shall
immediately take all steps necessary to obtain support for the child
in need of assistance.

270g.  A review of each report filed with the district attorney
under Section 270f shall be made at 90-day intervals unless the
support payments have been legally terminated, the parties involved
are permanently located beyond county jurisdiction, or the defaulting
parent is complying with the provisions of this chapter.

270h.  In any case where there is a conviction under either Section
270 or 270a and there is an order granting probation which includes
an order for support, the court may:
   (a) Issue an execution on the order for the support payments that
accrue during the time the probation order is in effect, in the same
manner as on a judgment in a civil action for support payments. This
remedy shall apply only when there is no existing civil order of this
state or a foreign court order that has been reduced to a judgment
of this state for support of the same person or persons included in
the probation support order.
   (b) Issue an earnings assignment order for support pursuant to
Chapter 8 (commencing with Section 5200) of Part 5 of Division 9 of
the Family Code as a condition of probation. This remedy shall apply
only when there is no existing civil order for support of the same
person or persons included in the probation support order upon which
an assignment order has been entered pursuant to Chapter 8
(commencing with Section 5200) of Part 5 of Division 9 of the Family
Code or pursuant to former Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 4390)
of Title 1.5 of Part 5 of Division 4 of the Civil Code.
   These remedies are in addition to any other remedies available to
the court.

271.  Every parent of any child under the age of 14 years, and every
person to whom any such child has been confided for nurture, or
education, who deserts such child in any place whatever with intent
to abandon it, is punishable by imprisonment in the state prison or
in the county jail not exceeding one year or by fine not exceeding
one thousand dollars ($1,000) or by both.

271a.  Every person who knowingly and willfully abandons, or who,
having ability so to do, fails or refuses to maintain his or her
minor child under the age of 14 years, or who falsely, knowing the
same to be false, represents to any manager, officer or agent of any
orphan asylum or charitable institution for the care of orphans, that
any child for whose admission into such asylum or institution
application has been made is an orphan, is punishable by imprisonment
in the state prison, or in the county jail not exceeding one year,
or by fine not exceeding one thousand dollars ($1,000), or by both.

271.5.  (a) No parent or other individual having lawful custody of a
minor child 72 hours old or younger may be prosecuted for a
violation of Section 270, 270.5, 271, or 271a if he or she
voluntarily surrenders physical custody of the child to personnel on
duty at a safe-surrender site.
   (b) For purposes of this section, "safe-surrender site" has the
same meaning as defined in paragraph (1) of subdivision (a) of
Section 1255.7 of the Health and Safety Code.
   (c) (1) For purposes of this section, "lawful custody" has the
same meaning as defined in subdivision (j) of Section 1255.7 of the
Health and Safety Code.
   (2) For purposes of this section, "personnel" has the same meaning
as defined in paragraph (3) of subdivision (a) of Section 1255.7 of
the Health and Safety Code.

272.  (a) (1) Every person who commits any act or omits the
performance of any duty, which act or omission causes or tends to
cause or encourage any person under the age of 18 years to come
within the provisions of Section 300, 601, or 602 of the Welfare and
Institutions Code or which act or omission contributes thereto, or
any person who, by any act or omission, or by threats, commands, or
persuasion, induces or endeavors to induce any person under the age
of 18 years or any ward or dependent child of the juvenile court to
fail or refuse to conform to a lawful order of the juvenile court, or
to do or to perform any act or to follow any course of conduct or to
so live as would cause or manifestly tend to cause that person to
become or to remain a person within the provisions of Section 300,
601, or 602 of the Welfare and Institutions Code, is guilty of a
misdemeanor and upon conviction thereof shall be punished by a fine
not exceeding two thousand five hundred dollars ($2,500), or by
imprisonment in the county jail for not more than one year, or by
both fine and imprisonment in a county jail, or may be released on
probation for a period not exceeding five years.
   (2) For purposes of this subdivision, a parent or legal guardian
to any person under the age of 18 years shall have the duty to
exercise reasonable care, supervision, protection, and control over
their minor child.
   (b) (1) An adult stranger who is 21 years of age or older, who
knowingly contacts or communicates with a minor who is under 14 years
of age, who knew or reasonably should have known that the minor is
under 14 years of age, for the purpose of persuading and luring, or
transporting, or attempting to persuade and lure, or transport, that
minor away from the minor's home or from any location known by the
minor's parent, legal guardian, or custodian, to be a place where the
minor is located, for any purpose, without the express consent of
the minor's parent or legal guardian, and with the intent to avoid
the consent of the minor's parent or legal guardian, is guilty of an
infraction or a misdemeanor, subject to subdivision (d) of Section
17.
   (2) This subdivision shall not apply in an emergency situation.
   (3) As used in this subdivision, the following terms are defined
to mean:
   (A) "Emergency situation" means a situation where the minor is
threatened with imminent bodily harm, emotional harm, or
psychological harm.
   (B) "Contact" or "communication" includes, but is not limited to,
the use of a telephone or the Internet, as defined in Section 17538
of the Business and Professions Code.
   (C) "Stranger" means a person of casual acquaintance with whom no
substantial relationship exists, or an individual with whom a
relationship has been established or promoted for the primary purpose
of victimization, as defined in subdivision (e) of Section 6600 of
the Welfare and Institutions Code.
   (D) "Express consent" means oral or written permission that is
positive, direct, and unequivocal, requiring no inference or
implication to supply its meaning.
   (4) This section shall not be interpreted to criminalize acts of
persons contacting minors within the scope and course of their
employment, or status as a volunteer of a recognized civic or
charitable organization.
   (5) This section is intended to protect minors and to help parents
and legal guardians exercise reasonable care, supervision,
protection, and control over minor children.

273.  (a) It is a misdemeanor for any person or agency to pay, offer
to pay, or to receive money or anything of value for the placement
for adoption or for the consent to an adoption of a child. This
subdivision shall not apply to any fee paid for adoption services
provided by the State Department of Social Services, a licensed
adoption agency, adoption services providers, as defined in Section
8502 of the Family Code, or an attorney providing adoption legal
services.
   (b) This section shall not make it unlawful to pay or receive the
maternity-connected medical or hospital and necessary living expenses
of the mother preceding and during confinement as an act of charity,
as long as the payment is not contingent upon placement of the child
for adoption, consent to the adoption, or cooperation in the
completion of the adoption.
   (c) It is a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment in a county
jail not exceeding one year or by a fine not exceeding two thousand
five hundred dollars ($2,500) for any parent to obtain the financial
benefits set forth in subdivision (b) with the intent to receive
those financial benefits where there is an intent to do either of the
following:
   (1) Not complete the adoption.
   (2) Not consent to the adoption.
   (d) It is a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment in a county
jail not exceeding one year or by a fine not exceeding two thousand
five hundred dollars ($2,500) for any parent to obtain the financial
benefits set forth in subdivision (b) from two or more prospective
adopting families or persons, if either parent does both of the
following:
   (1) Knowingly fails to disclose to those families or persons that
there are other prospective adopting families or persons interested
in adopting the child, with knowledge that there is an obligation to
disclose that information.
   (2) Knowingly accepts the financial benefits set forth in
subdivision (b) if the aggregate amount exceeds the reasonable
maternity-connected medical or hospital and necessary living expenses
of the mother preceding and during the pregnancy.
   (e) Any person who has been convicted previously of an offense
described in subdivision (c) or (d), who is separately tried and
convicted of a subsequent violation of subdivision (c) or (d), is
guilty of a public offense punishable by imprisonment in a county
jail or in the state prison.
   (f) Nothing in this section shall be construed to prohibit the
prosecution of any person for a misdemeanor or felony pursuant to
Section 487 or any other provision of law in lieu of prosecution
pursuant to this section.

273a.  (a) Any person who, under circumstances or conditions likely
to produce great bodily harm or death, willfully causes or permits
any child to suffer, or inflicts thereon unjustifiable physical pain
or mental suffering, or having the care or custody of any child,
willfully causes or permits the person or health of that child to be
injured, or willfully causes or permits that child to be placed in a
situation where his or her person or health is endangered, shall be
punished by imprisonment in a county jail not exceeding one year, or
in the state prison for two, four, or six years.
   (b) Any person who, under circumstances or conditions other than
those likely to produce great bodily harm or death, willfully causes
or permits any child to suffer, or inflicts thereon unjustifiable
physical pain or mental suffering, or having the care or custody of
any child, willfully causes or permits the person or health of that
child to be injured, or willfully causes or permits that child to be
placed in a situation where his or her person or health may be
endangered, is guilty of a misdemeanor.
   (c) If a person is convicted of violating this section and
probation is granted, the court shall require the following minimum
conditions of probation:
   (1) A mandatory minimum period of probation of 48 months.
   (2) A criminal court protective order protecting the victim from
further acts of violence or threats, and, if appropriate, residence
exclusion or stay-away conditions.
   (3) (A) Successful completion of no less than one year of a child
abuser's treatment counseling program approved by the probation
department. The defendant shall be ordered to begin participation in
the program immediately upon the grant of probation. The counseling
program shall meet the criteria specified in Section 273.1. The
defendant shall produce documentation of program enrollment to the
court within 30 days of enrollment, along with quarterly progress
reports.
   (B) The terms of probation for offenders shall not be lifted until
all reasonable fees due to the counseling program have been paid in
full, but in no case shall probation be extended beyond the term
provided in subdivision (a) of Section 1203.1. If the court finds
that the defendant does not have the ability to pay the fees based on
the defendant's changed circumstances, the court may reduce or waive
the fees.
   (4) If the offense was committed while the defendant was under the
influence of drugs or alcohol, the defendant shall abstain from the
use of drugs or alcohol during the period of probation and shall be
subject to random drug testing by his or her probation officer.
   (5) The court may waive any of the above minimum conditions of
probation upon a finding that the condition would not be in the best
interests of justice. The court shall state on the record its reasons
for any waiver.

273ab.  Any person who, having the care or custody of a child who is
under eight years of age, assaults the child by means of force that
to a reasonable person would be likely to produce great bodily
injury, resulting in the child's death, shall be punished by
imprisonment in the state prison for 25 years to life. Nothing in
this section shall be construed as affecting the applicability of
subdivision (a) of Section 187 or Section 189.

273b.  No child under the age of 16 years shall be placed in any
courtroom, or in any vehicle for transportation to any place, in
company with adults charged with or convicted of crime, except in the
presence of a proper official.

273c.  All fines, penalties, and forfeitures imposed and collected
under the provisions of Sections 270, 271, 271a, 273a, and 273b, or
under the provisions of any law relating to, or affecting, children,
in every case where the prosecution is instituted or conducted by a
society incorporated under the laws of this state for the prevention
of cruelty to children, inure to such society in aid of the purposes
for which it is incorporated.

273d.  (a) Any person who willfully inflicts upon a child any cruel
or inhuman corporal punishment or an injury resulting in a traumatic
condition is guilty of a felony and shall be punished by imprisonment
in the state prison for two, four, or six years, or in a county jail
for not more than one year, by a fine of up to six thousand dollars
($6,000), or by both that imprisonment and fine.
   (b) Any person who is found guilty of violating subdivision (a)
shall receive a four-year enhancement for a prior conviction of that
offense provided that no additional term shall be imposed under this
subdivision for any prison term served prior to a period of 10 years
in which the defendant remained free of both prison custody and the
commission of an offense that results in a felony conviction.
   (c) If a person is convicted of violating this section and
probation is granted, the court shall require the following minimum
conditions of probation:
   (1) A mandatory minimum period of probation of 36 months.
   (2) A criminal court protective order protecting the victim from
further acts of violence or threats, and, if appropriate, residence
exclusion or stay-away conditions.
   (3) (A) Successful completion of no less than one year of a child
abuser's treatment counseling program. The defendant shall be ordered
to begin participation in the program immediately upon the grant of
probation. The counseling program shall meet the criteria specified
in Section 273.1. The defendant shall produce documentation of
program enrollment to the court within 30 days of enrollment, along
with quarterly progress reports.
   (B) The terms of probation for offenders shall not be lifted until
all reasonable fees due to the counseling program have been paid in
full, but in no case shall probation be extended beyond the term
provided in subdivision (a) of Section 1203.1. If the court finds
that the defendant does not have the ability to pay the fees based on
the defendant's changed circumstances, the court may reduce or waive
the fees.
   (4) If the offense was committed while the defendant was under the
influence of drugs or alcohol, the defendant shall abstain from the
use of drugs or alcohol during the period of probation and shall be
subject to random drug testing by his or her probation officer.
   (5) The court may waive any of the above minimum conditions of
probation upon a finding that the condition would not be in the best
interests of justice. The court shall state on the record its reasons
for any waiver.

273e.  Every telephone, special delivery company or association, and
every other corporation or person engaged in the delivery of
packages, letters, notes, messages, or other matter, and every
manager, superintendent, or other agent of such person, corporation,
or association, who sends any minor in the employ or under the
control of any such person, corporation, association, or agent, to
the keeper of any house of prostitution, variety theater, or other
place of questionable repute, or to any person connected with, or any
inmate of, such house, theater, or other place, or who permits such
minor to enter such house, theater, or other place, is guilty of a
misdemeanor.

273f.  Any person, whether as parent, guardian, employer, or
otherwise, and any firm or corporation, who as employer or otherwise,
shall send, direct, or cause to be sent or directed to any saloon,
gambling house, house of prostitution, or other immoral place, any
minor, is guilty of a misdemeanor.

273g.  Any person who in the presence of any child indulges in any
degrading, lewd, immoral or vicious habits or practices, or who is
habitually drunk in the presence of any child in his care, custody or
control, is guilty of a misdemeanor.

273h.  In all prosecutions under the provisions of either section
270, section 270a, section 270b, section 271 or section 271a, of this
code, where a conviction is had and sentence of imprisonment in the
county jail or in the city jail is imposed, the court may direct that
the person so convicted shall be compelled to work upon the public
roads or highways, or any other public work, in the county or in the
city where such conviction is had, during the term of such sentence.
And it shall be the duty of the board of supervisors of the county
where such person is imprisoned in the county jail, and of the city
council of the city where such person is imprisoned in the city jail,
where such conviction and sentence are had and where such work is
performed by a person under sentence to the county jail or to the
city jail, to allow and order the payment out of any funds available,
to the wife or to the guardian, or to the custodian of a child or
children, or to an organization, or to an individual, appointed by
the court as trustee, at the end of each calendar month, for the
support of such wife or children, a sum not to exceed two dollars for
each day's work of such person so imprisoned.

273i.  (a) Any person who publishes information describing or
depicting a child, the physical appearance of a child, the location
of a child, or locations where children may be found with the intent
that another person imminently use the information to commit a crime
against a child and the information is likely to aid in the imminent
commission of a crime against a child, is guilty of a misdemeanor,
punishable by imprisonment in a county jail for not more than one
year, a fine of not more than one thousand dollars ($1,000), or by
both a fine and imprisonment.
   (b) For purposes of this section, "publishes" means making the
information available to another person through any medium,
including, but not limited to, the Internet, the World Wide Web, or
e-mail.
   (c) For purposes of this section, "child" means a person who is 14
years of age or younger.
   (d) For purposes of this section, "information" includes, but is
not limited to, an image, film, filmstrip, photograph, negative,
slide, photocopy, videotape, video laser disc, or any other
computer-generated image.
   (e) Any parent or legal guardian of a child about whom information
is published in violation of subdivision (a) may seek a preliminary
injunction enjoining any further publication of that information.

273.1.  (a) Any treatment program to which a child abuser convicted
of a violation of Section 273a or 273d is referred as a condition of
probation shall meet the following criteria:
   (1) Substantial expertise and experience in the treatment of
victims of child abuse and the families in which abuse and violence
have occurred.
   (2) Staff providing direct service are therapists licensed to
practice in this state or are under the direct supervision of a
therapist licensed to practice in this state.
   (3) Utilization of a treatment regimen designed to specifically
address the offense, including methods of preventing and breaking the
cycle of family violence, anger management, and parenting education
that focuses, among other things, on means of identifying the
developmental and emotional needs of the child.
   (4) Utilization of group and individual therapy and counseling,
with groups no larger than 12 persons.
   (5) Capability of identifying substance abuse and either treating
the abuse or referring the offender to a substance abuse program, to
the extent that the court has not already done so.
   (6) Entry into a written agreement with the defendant that
includes an outline of the components of the program, the attendance
requirements, a requirement to attend group session free of chemical
influence, and a statement that the defendant may be removed from the
program if it is determined that the defendant is not benefiting
from the program or is disruptive to the program.
   (7) The program may include, on the recommendation of the
treatment counselor, family counseling. However, no child victim
shall be compelled or required to participate in the program,
including family counseling, and no program may condition a defendant'
s enrollment on participation by the child victim. The treatment
counselor shall privately advise the child victim that his or her
participation is voluntary.
   (b) If the program finds that the defendant is unsuitable, the
program shall immediately contact the probation department or the
court. The probation department or court shall either recalendar the
case for hearing or refer the defendant to an appropriate alternative
child abuser's treatment counseling program.
   (c) Upon request by the child abuser's treatment counseling
program, the court shall provide the defendant's arrest report, prior
incidents of violence, and treatment history to the program.
   (d) The child abuser's treatment counseling program shall provide
the probation department and the court with periodic progress reports
at least every three months that include attendance, fee payment
history, and program compliance. The program shall submit a final
evaluation that includes the program's evaluation of the defendant's
progress, and recommendation for either successful or unsuccessful
termination of the program.
   (e) The defendant shall pay for the full costs of the treatment
program, including any drug testing. However, the court may waive any
portion or all of that financial responsibility upon a finding of an
inability to pay. Upon the request of the defendant, the court shall
hold a hearing to determine the defendant's ability to pay for the
treatment program. At the hearing the court may consider all relevant
information, but shall consider the impact of the costs of the
treatment program on the defendant's ability to provide food,
clothing, and shelter for the child injured by a violation of Section
273a or 273d. If the court finds that the defendant is unable to pay
for any portion of the costs of the treatment program, its reasons
for that finding shall be stated on the record. In the event of this
finding, the program fees or a portion thereof shall be waived.
   (f) All programs accepting referrals of child abusers pursuant to
this section shall accept offenders for whom fees have been partially
or fully waived. However, the court shall require each qualifying
program to serve no more than its proportionate share of those
offenders who have been granted fee waivers, and require all
qualifying programs to share equally in the cost of serving those
offenders with fee waivers.

273.4.  (a) If the act constituting a felony violation of
subdivision (a) of Section 273a was female genital mutilation, as
defined in subdivision (b), the defendant shall be punished by an
additional term of imprisonment in the state prison for one year, in
addition and consecutive to the punishment prescribed by Section
273a.
   (b) "Female genital mutilation" means the excision or infibulation
of the labia majora, labia minora, clitoris, or vulva, performed for
nonmedical purposes.
   (c) Nothing in this section shall preclude prosecution under
Section 203, 205, or 206 or any other provision of law.

273.5.  (a) Any person who willfully inflicts upon a person who is
his or her spouse, former spouse, cohabitant, former cohabitant, or
the mother or father of his or her child, corporal injury resulting
in a traumatic condition, is guilty of a felony, and upon conviction
thereof shall be punished by imprisonment in the state prison for
two, three, or four years, or in a county jail for not more than one
year, or by a fine of up to six thousand dollars ($6,000) or by both
that fine and imprisonment.
   (b) Holding oneself out to be the husband or wife of the person
with whom one is cohabiting is not necessary to constitute
cohabitation as the term is used in this section.
   (c) As used in this section, "traumatic condition" means a
condition of the body, such as a wound or external or internal
injury, whether of a minor or serious nature, caused by a physical
force.
   (d) For the purpose of this section, a person shall be considered
the father or mother of another person's child if the alleged male
parent is presumed the natural father under Sections 7611 and 7612 of
the Family Code.
   (e) (1) Any person convicted of violating this section for acts
occurring within seven years of a previous conviction under
subdivision (a), or subdivision (d) of Section 243, or Section 243.4,
244, 244.5, or 245, shall be punished by imprisonment in a county
jail for not more than one year, or by imprisonment in the state
prison for two, four, or five years, or by both imprisonment and a
fine of up to ten thousand dollars ($10,000).
   (2) Any person convicted of a violation of this section for acts
occurring within seven years of a previous conviction under
subdivision (e) of Section 243 shall be punished by imprisonment in
the state prison for two, three, or four years, or in a county jail
for not more than one year, or by a fine of up to ten thousand
dollars ($10,000), or by both that imprisonment and fine.
   (f) If probation is granted to any person convicted under
subdivision (a), the court shall impose probation consistent with the
provisions of Section 1203.097.
   (g) If probation is granted, or the execution or imposition of a
sentence is suspended, for any defendant convicted under subdivision
(a) who has been convicted of any prior offense specified in
subdivision (e), the court shall impose one of the following
conditions of probation:
   (1) If the defendant has suffered one prior conviction within the
previous seven years for a violation of any offense specified in
subdivision (e), it shall be a condition thereof, in addition to the
provisions contained in Section 1203.097, that he or she be
imprisoned in a county jail for not less than 15 days.
   (2) If the defendant has suffered two or more prior convictions
within the previous seven years for a violation of any offense
specified in subdivision (e), it shall be a condition of probation,
in addition to the provisions contained in Section 1203.097, that he
or she be imprisoned in a county jail for not less than 60 days.
   (3) The court, upon a showing of good cause, may find that the
mandatory imprisonment required by this subdivision shall not be
imposed and shall state on the record its reasons for finding good
cause.
   (h) If probation is granted upon conviction of a violation of
subdivision (a), the conditions of probation may include, consistent
with the terms of probation imposed pursuant to Section 1203.097, in
lieu of a fine, one or both of the following requirements:
   (1) That the defendant make payments to a battered women's
shelter, up to a maximum of five thousand dollars ($5,000), pursuant
to Section 1203.097.
   (2) That the defendant reimburse the victim for reasonable costs
of counseling and other reasonable expenses that the court finds are
the direct result of the defendant's offense.
   For any order to pay a fine, make payments to a battered women's
shelter, or pay restitution as a condition of probation under this
subdivision, the court shall make a determination of the defendant's
ability to pay. In no event shall any order to make payments to a
battered women's shelter be made if it would impair the ability of
the defendant to pay direct restitution to the victim or
court-ordered child support. Where the injury to a married person is
caused in whole or in part by the criminal acts of his or her spouse
in violation of this section, the community property may not be used
to discharge the liability of the offending spouse for restitution to
the injured spouse, required by Section 1203.04, as operative on or
before August 2, 1995, or Section 1202.4, or to a shelter for costs
with regard to the injured spouse and dependents, required by this
section, until all separate property of the offending spouse is
exhausted.
   (i) Upon conviction under subdivision (a), the sentencing court
shall also consider issuing an order restraining the defendant from
any contact with the victim, which may be valid for up to 10 years,
as determined by the court. It is the intent of the Legislature that
the length of any restraining order be based upon the seriousness of
the facts before the court, the probability of future violations, and
the safety of the victim and his or her immediate family. This
protective order may be issued by the court whether the defendant is
sentenced to state prison, county jail, or if imposition of sentence
is suspended and the defendant is placed on probation.

273.6.  (a) Any intentional and knowing violation of a protective
order, as defined in Section 6218 of the Family Code, or of an order
issued pursuant to Section 527.6, 527.8, or 527.85 of the Code of
Civil Procedure, or Section 15657.03 of the Welfare and Institutions
Code, is a misdemeanor punishable by a fine of not more than one
thousand dollars ($1,000), or by imprisonment in a county jail for
not more than one year, or by both that fine and imprisonment.
   (b) In the event of a violation of subdivision (a) that results in
physical injury, the person shall be punished by a fine of not more
than two thousand dollars ($2,000), or by imprisonment in a county
jail for not less than 30 days nor more than one year, or by both
that fine and imprisonment. However, if the person is imprisoned in a
county jail for at least 48 hours, the court may, in the interest of
justice and for reasons stated on the record, reduce or eliminate
the 30-day minimum imprisonment required by this subdivision. In
determining whether to reduce or eliminate the minimum imprisonment
pursuant to this subdivision, the court shall consider the
seriousness of the facts before the court, whether there are
additional allegations of a violation of the order during the
pendency of the case before the court, the probability of future
violations, the safety of the victim, and whether the defendant has
successfully completed or is making progress with counseling.
   (c) Subdivisions (a) and (b) shall apply to the following court
orders:
   (1) Any order issued pursuant to Section 6320 or 6389 of the
Family Code.
   (2) An order excluding one party from the family dwelling or from
the dwelling of the other.
   (3) An order enjoining a party from specified behavior that the
court determined was necessary to effectuate the order described in
subdivision (a).
   (4) Any order issued by another state that is recognized under
Part 5 (commencing with Section 6400) of Division 10 of the Family
Code.
   (d) A subsequent conviction for a violation of an order described
in subdivision (a), occurring within seven years of a prior
conviction for a violation of an order described in subdivision (a)
and involving an act of violence or "a credible threat" of violence,
as defined in subdivision (c) of Section 139, is punishable by
imprisonment in a county jail not to exceed one year, or in the state
prison.
   (e) In the event of a subsequent conviction for a violation of an
order described in subdivision (a) for an act occurring within one
year of a prior conviction for a violation of an order described in
subdivision (a) that results in physical injury to a victim, the
person shall be punished by a fine of not more than two thousand
dollars ($2,000), or by imprisonment in a county jail for not less
than six months nor more than one year, by both that fine and
imprisonment, or by imprisonment in the state prison. However, if the
person is imprisoned in a county jail for at least 30 days, the
court may, in the interest of justice and for reasons stated in the
record, reduce or eliminate the six-month minimum imprisonment
required by this subdivision. In determining whether to reduce or
eliminate the minimum imprisonment pursuant to this subdivision, the
court shall consider the seriousness of the facts before the court,
whether there are additional allegations of a violation of the order
during the pendency of the case before the court, the probability of
future violations, the safety of the victim, and whether the
defendant has successfully completed or is making progress with
counseling.
   (f) The prosecuting agency of each county shall have the primary
responsibility for the enforcement of orders described in
subdivisions (a), (b), (d), and (e).
   (g) (1) Every person who owns, possesses, purchases, or receives a
firearm knowing he or she is prohibited from doing so by the
provisions of a protective order as defined in Section 136.2 of this
code, Section 6218 of the Family Code, or Section 527.6 or 527.8 of
the Code of Civil Procedure, or Section 15657.03 of the Welfare and
Institutions Code, shall be punished under subdivision (g) of Section
12021.
   (2) Every person subject to a protective order described in
paragraph (1) shall not be prosecuted under this section for owning,
possessing, purchasing, or receiving a firearm to the extent that
firearm is granted an exemption pursuant to subdivision (f) of
Section 527.9 of the Code of Civil Procedure, or subdivision (h) of
Section 6389 of the Family Code.
   (h) If probation is granted upon conviction of a violation of
subdivision (a), (b), (c), (d), or (e), the court shall impose
probation consistent with Section 1203.097, and the conditions of
probation may include, in lieu of a fine, one or both of the
following requirements:
   (1) That the defendant make payments to a battered women's shelter
or to a shelter for abused elder persons or dependent adults, up to
a maximum of five thousand dollars ($5,000), pursuant to Section
1203.097.
   (2) That the defendant reimburse the victim for reasonable costs
of counseling and other reasonable expenses that the court finds are
the direct result of the defendant's offense.
   (i) For any order to pay a fine, make payments to a battered women'
s shelter, or pay restitution as a condition of probation under
subdivision (e), the court shall make a determination of the
defendant's ability to pay. In no event shall any order to make
payments to a battered women's shelter be made if it would impair the
ability of the defendant to pay direct restitution to the victim or
court-ordered child support. Where the injury to a married person is
caused in whole or in part by the criminal acts of his or her spouse
in violation of this section, the community property may not be used
to discharge the liability of the offending spouse for restitution to
the injured spouse, required by Section 1203.04, as operative on or
before August 2, 1995, or Section 1202.4, or to a shelter for costs
with regard to the injured spouse and dependents, required by this
section, until all separate property of the offending spouse is
exhausted.

273.65.  (a) Any intentional and knowing violation of a protective
order issued pursuant to Section 213.5, 304, or 362.4 of the Welfare
and Institutions Code is a misdemeanor punishable by a fine of not
more than one thousand dollars ($1,000), or by imprisonment in a
county jail for not more than one year, or by both the fine and
imprisonment.
   (b) In the event of a violation of subdivision (a) which results
in physical injury, the person shall be punished by a fine of not
more than two thousand dollars ($2,000), or by imprisonment in a
county jail for not less than 30 days nor more than one year, or by
both the fine and imprisonment. However, if the person is imprisoned
in a county jail for at least 48 hours, the court may, in the
interests of justice and for reasons stated on the record, reduce or
eliminate the 30-day minimum imprisonment required by this
subdivision. In determining whether to reduce or eliminate the
minimum imprisonment pursuant to this subdivision, the court shall
consider the seriousness of the facts before the court, whether there
are additional allegations of a violation of the order during the
pendency of the case before the court, the probability of future
violations, the safety of the victim, and whether the defendant has
successfully completed or is making progress with counseling.
   (c) Subdivisions (a) and (b) shall apply to the following court
orders:
   (1) An order enjoining any party from molesting, attacking,
striking, threatening, sexually assaulting, battering, harassing,
contacting repeatedly by mail with the intent to harass, or
disturbing the peace of the other party, or other named family and
household members.
   (2) An order excluding one party from the family dwelling or from
the dwelling of the other.
   (3) An order enjoining a party from specified behavior which the
court determined was necessary to effectuate the order under
subdivision (a).
   (d) A subsequent conviction for a violation of an order described
in subdivision (a), occurring within seven years of a prior
conviction for a violation of an order described in subdivision (a)
and involving an act of violence or "a credible threat" of violence,
as defined in subdivision (c) of Section 139, is punishable by
imprisonment in a county jail not to exceed one year, or in the state
prison.
   (e) In the event of a subsequent conviction for a violation of an
order described in subdivision (a) for an act occurring within one
year of a prior conviction for a violation of an order described in
subdivision (a) which results in physical injury to the same victim,
the person shall be punished by a fine of not more than two thousand
dollars ($2,000), or by imprisonment in a county jail for not less
than six months nor more than one year, by both that fine and
imprisonment, or by imprisonment in the state prison. However, if the
person is imprisoned in a county jail for at least 30 days, the
court may, in the interests of justice and for reasons stated in the
record, reduce or eliminate the six-month minimum imprisonment
required by this subdivision. In determining whether to reduce or
eliminate the minimum imprisonment pursuant to this subdivision, the
court shall consider the seriousness of the facts before the court,
whether there are additional allegations of a violation of the order
during the pendency of the case before the court, the probability of
future violations, the safety of the victim, and whether the
defendant has successfully completed or is making progress with
counseling.
   (f) The prosecuting agency of each county shall have the primary
responsibility for the enforcement of orders issued pursuant to
subdivisions (a), (b), (d), and (e).
   (g) The court may order a person convicted under this section to
undergo counseling, and, if appropriate, to complete a batterer's
treatment program.
   (h) If probation is granted upon conviction of a violation of
subdivision (a), (b), or (c), the conditions of probation may
include, in lieu of a fine, one or both of the following
requirements:
   (1) That the defendant make payments to a battered women's
shelter, up to a maximum of five thousand dollars ($5,000), pursuant
to Section 1203.097.
   (2) That the defendant reimburse the victim for reasonable costs
of counseling and other reasonable expenses that the court finds are
the direct result of the defendant's offense.
   (i) For any order to pay a fine, make payments to a battered women'
s shelter, or pay restitution as a condition of probation under
subdivision (e), the court shall make a determination of the
defendant's ability to pay. In no event shall any order to make
payments to a battered women's shelter be made if it would impair the
ability of the defendant to pay direct restitution to the victim or
court ordered child support.

273.7.  (a) Any person who maliciously publishes, disseminates, or
otherwise discloses the location of any trafficking shelter or
domestic violence shelter or any place designated as a trafficking
shelter or domestic violence shelter, without the authorization of
that trafficking shelter or domestic violence shelter, is guilty of a
misdemeanor.
   (b) (1) For purposes of this section, "domestic violence shelter"
means a confidential location that provides emergency housing on a
24-hour basis for victims of sexual assault, spousal abuse, or both,
and their families.
   (2) For purposes of this section, "trafficking shelter" means a
confidential location that provides emergency housing on a 24-hour
basis for victims of human trafficking, including any person who is a
victim under Section 236.1.
   (3) Sexual assault, spousal abuse, or both, include, but are not
limited to, those crimes described in Sections 240, 242, 243.4, 261,
261.5, 262, 264.1, 266, 266a, 266b, 266c, 266f, 273.5, 273.6, 285,
288, and 289.
   (c) Nothing in this section shall apply to confidential
communications between an attorney and his or her client.

273.75.  (a) On any charge involving acts of domestic violence as
defined in subdivisions (a) and (b) of Section 13700 of the Penal
Code or Sections 6203 and 6211 of the Family Code, the district
attorney or prosecuting city attorney shall perform or cause to be
performed, by accessing the electronic databases enumerated in
subdivision (b), a thorough investigation of the defendant's history,
including, but not limited to, prior convictions for domestic
violence, other forms of violence or weapons offenses and any current
protective or restraining order issued by any civil or criminal
court. This information shall be presented for consideration by the
court (1) when setting bond or when releasing a defendant on his or
her own recognizance at the arraignment, if the defendant is in
custody, (2) upon consideration of any plea agreement, and (3) when
issuing a protective order pursuant to Section 136.2 of the Penal
Code, in accordance with subdivision (h) of that section. In
determining bail or release upon a plea agreement, the court shall
consider the safety of the victim, the victim's children, and any
other person who may be in danger if the defendant is released.
   (b) For purposes of this section, the district attorney or
prosecuting city attorney shall search or cause to be searched the
following databases, when readily available and reasonably
accessible:
   (1) The Violent Crime Information Network (VCIN).
   (2) The Supervised Release File.
   (3) State summary criminal history information maintained by the
Department of Justice pursuant to Section 11105 of the Penal Code.
   (4) The Federal Bureau of Investigation's nationwide database.
   (5) Locally maintained criminal history records or databases.
   However, a record or database need not be searched if the
information available in that record or database can be obtained as a
result of a search conducted in another record or database.
   (c) If the investigation required by this section reveals a
current civil protective or restraining order or a protective or
restraining order issued by another criminal court and involving the
same or related parties, and if a protective or restraining order is
issued in the current criminal proceeding, the district attorney or
prosecuting city attorney shall send relevant information regarding
the contents of the order issued in the current criminal proceeding,
and any information regarding a conviction of the defendant, to the
other court immediately after the order has been issued. When
requested, the information described in this subdivision may be sent
to the appropriate family, juvenile, or civil court. When requested,
and upon a showing of a compelling need, the information described in
this section may be sent to a court in another state.


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