2009 California Penal Code - Section 2051-2063 :: Article 1. Miscellaneous Powers And Duties Of Department And Director Of CorrectionsPENAL CODE
2051. The department is hereby authorized to contract for provisions, clothing, medicines, forage, fuel, and all other staple supplies needed for the support of the prisons for any period of time, not exceeding one year, and such contracts shall be limited to bona fide dealers in the several classes of articles contracted for. Contracts for such articles as the department may desire to contract for, shall be given to the lowest bidder at a public letting thereof, if the price bid is a fair and reasonable one, and not greater than the usual value and prices. Each bid shall be accompanied by such security as the department may require, conditional upon the bidder entering into a contract upon the terms of his bid, on notice of the acceptance thereof, and furnishing a penal bond with good and sufficient sureties in such sum as the department may require, and to its satisfaction that he will faithfully perform his contract. If the proper officer of the prison reject any article, as not complying with the contract, or if a bidder fail to furnish the articles awarded to him when required, the proper officer of the prison may buy other articles of the kind rejected or called for, in the open market, and deduct the price thereof, over the contract price, from the amount due to the bidder, or charge the same up against him. Notice of the time, place, and conditions of the letting of contracts shall be given for at least two consecutive weeks in two newspapers printed and published in the City and County of San Francisco, and in one newspaper printed and published in the County of Sacramento, and in the county where the prison to be supplied is situated. If all the bids made at such letting are deemed unreasonably high, the department may, in its discretion, decline to contract and may again advertise for such time and in such papers as it sees proper for proposals, and may so continue to renew the advertisement until satisfactory contracts are made; and in the meantime the department may contract with anyone whose offer is regarded as just and equitable, or may purchase in the open market. No bids shall be accepted, nor a contract entered into in pursuance thereof, when such bid is higher than any other bid at the same letting for the same class or schedule of articles, quality considered, and when a contract can be had at such lower bid. When two or more bids for the same article or articles are equal in amount, the department may select the one which, all things considered, may by it be thought best for the interest of the State, or it may divide the contract between the bidders as in its judgment may seem proper and right. The department shall have power to let a contract in the aggregate or they may segregate the items, and enter into a contract with the bidder or bidders who may bid lowest on the several articles. The department shall have the power to reject the bid of any person who had a prior contract and who had not, in the opinion of the department, faithfully complied therewith. 2052. (a) The department shall have power to contract for the supply of electricity, gas and water for said prisons, upon such terms as the department shall deem to be for the best interests of the state, or to manufacture gas or electricity, or furnish water itself, at its option. It shall also have power to erect and construct or cause to be erected and constructed, electrical apparatus or other illuminating works in its discretion with or without contracting therefor, on such terms as it may deem just. The department shall have full power to erect any building or structure deemed necessary by it, or to alter or improve the same, and to pay for the same from the fund appropriated for the use or support of the prisons, or from the earnings thereof, without advertising or contracting therefor. (b) With respect to any facility under the jurisdiction of the Prison Industry Authority, the Prison Industry Authority shall have the same powers which are vested in the department pursuant to subdivision (a). 2053. (a) The Legislature finds and declares that there is a correlation between prisoners who are functionally literate and those who successfully reintegrate into society upon release. It is therefore the intent of the Legislature, in enacting "The Prisoner Literacy Act," to raise the percentage of prisoners who are functionally literate, in order to provide for a corresponding reduction in the recidivism rate. (b) The Department of Corrections shall determine the reading level of each prisoner upon commitment. 2053.1. The Director of the Department of Corrections shall implement in every state prison literacy programs that are designed to ensure that upon parole inmates are able to achieve a ninth-grade reading level. The department shall prepare an implementation plan for this program, and shall request the necessary funds to implement this program as follows: (a) To make the program available to at least 25 percent of eligible inmates in the state prison system by July 1, 1991. (b) To make the program available to at least 60 percent of eligible inmates in the state prison system by January 1, 1996. In complying with the requirements of this section, the department shall give strong consideration to computer assisted training and other innovations which have proven to be effective in reducing illiteracy of disadvantaged adults. 2053.4. The Director of Corrections shall appoint a Superintendent of Correctional Education, who shall oversee and administer all prison education programs. The Superintendent of Correctional Education shall set both short-term and long-term goals for inmate literacy and testing, and shall establish priorities for prison education programs. 2054. The Director of Corrections may establish and maintain classes for inmates by utilizing personnel of the Department of Corrections, or by entering into an agreement with the governing board of a school district or private school or the governing boards of school districts under which the district shall maintain classes for such inmates. The governing board of a school district or private school may enter into such an agreement regardless of whether the institution or facility at which the classes are to be established and maintained is within or without the boundaries of the school district. Any agreement entered into between the Director of Corrections and a school district or private school pursuant to this section may require the Department of Corrections to reimburse the school district or private school for the cost to the district or private school of maintaining such classes. "Cost" as used herein includes contributions required of any school district to the State Teachers' Retirement System, but such cost shall not include an amount in excess of the amount expended by the district for salaries of the teachers for such classes, increased by one-fifth. Salaries of such teachers for the purposes of this section shall not exceed the salaries as set by the governing board for teachers in other classes for adults maintained by the district, or private schools. Attendance or average daily attendance in classes established pursuant to this section or in classes in trade and industrial education or vocational training for adult inmates of institutions or facilities under the jurisdiction of the Department of Corrections shall not be reported to the State Department of Education for apportionment and no apportionment from the State School Fund shall be made on account of average daily attendance in such classes. No school district or private school shall provide for the academic education of adult inmates of state institutions or facilities under the jurisdiction of the Department of Corrections except in accordance with this section. The Legislature hereby declares that for each fiscal year funds for the support of the academic education program for inmates of the institutions or facilities under the jurisdiction of the Department of Corrections shall be provided, upon appropriation by the Legislature, to the Department of Corrections at the rate of forty dollars ($40) multiplied by the total number of inmates which the Department of Corrections estimates will be in such institutions or facilities on December 31st of the fiscal year, except as provided in Section 2054.1. 2054.1. The rate specified in Section 2054 shall be further increased or decreased in the same proportion as the median salaries for full-time high school teachers in the public schools of this State have increased or decreased since the 1956-57 Fiscal Year. "Median salaries" as used herein is the amount which the Superintendent of Public Instruction reports will be paid to full-time high school teachers in the public schools of this State during the fiscal year. Such reports shall be based upon information compiled by the Department of Education on salaries of certificated employees in the public schools of this State. This section applies only to the program of academic education for inmates. 2054.2. The Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation shall determine and implement a system of incentives to increase inmate participation in, and completion of, academic and vocational education, consistent with the inmate's educational needs as identified in the assessment performed pursuant to Section 3020, including, but not limited to, a literacy level specified in Section 2053.1, a high school diploma or equivalent, or a particular vocational job skill. These incentives may be consistent with other incentives provided to inmates who participate in work programs. 2055. The Director of Corrections may, in his discretion, from time to time insure any or all products produced at any prison or institution under the jurisdiction of the Director of Corrections, whether the products are finished or unfinished, the materials from which such products are made or to be made, and the equipment necessary for the production thereof, against any or all risks of loss, wherever such products, materials, or equipment are located, while in the possession of the Department of Corrections and while in transit thereto or therefrom or in storage, in such amounts as the director deems proper. The cost of such insurance shall be paid from the Correctional Industries Revolving Fund. 2056. If any of the shops or buildings in which convicts are employed require rebuilding or repair for any reason, they may be rebuilt or repaired immediately, under the direction of the Prison Industry Authority. 2059. The department shall fix the compensation of its officers and employees, other than those of wardens and clerks, at a gross rate which shall include a cash allowance for board and lodging, but in no case shall the money compensation, exclusive of the cash allowance for board and lodging, be less than one hundred ten dollars ($110) per month. There shall be deducted from the gross salaries of the officers and employees of the prison the value of any board, lodging, services or supplies rendered or sold to each such officer or employee. The deduction for board and lodging shall not exceed the cash allowance therefor. 2060. For the purposes of Sections 11009 and 11030 of the Government Code, the following constitute, among other proper purposes, state business for officers and employees of the department for which such officers and employees shall be allowed actual and necessary traveling expenses when the state travel and expense have been approved by the Governor and the Director of Finance as provided in that section. Attending meetings of any national association or organization, having as its principal purpose the study of matters relating to penology, including prison management and paroles, or to a particular field thereof, conferring with officers or employees of the United States relative to problems relating to penology, including prison management and paroles, in California, conferring with officers or employees of other states engaged in the performance of similar duties, and obtaining information useful to the department in the conduct of its work. 2061. (a) The Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation shall develop and implement, by January 15, 2008, a plan to address management deficiencies within the department. The plan should, at a minimum, address all of the following: (1) Filling vacancies in management positions within the department. (2) Improving lines of accountability within the department. (3) Standardizing processes to improve management. (4) Improving communication within headquarters, between headquarters, institutions and parole offices, and between institutions and parole offices. (5) Developing and implementing more comprehensive plans for management of the prison inmate and parole populations. (b) The department may contract with an outside entity that has expertise in management of complex public and law enforcement organizations to assist in identifying and addressing deficiencies. 2062. (a) The Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation shall develop and implement a plan to obtain additional rehabilitation and treatment services for prison inmates and parolees. The plan shall include, but is not limited to, all of the following: (1) Plans to fill vacant state staff positions that provide direct and indirect rehabilitation and treatment services to inmates and parolees. (2) Plans to fill vacant staff positions that provide custody and supervision services for inmates and parolees. (3) Plans to obtain from local governments and contractors services for parolees needing treatment while in the community and services that can be brought to inmates within prisons. (4) Plans to enter into agreements with community colleges to accelerate training and education of rehabilitation and treatment personnel, and modifications to the licensing and certification requirements of state licensing agencies that can accelerate the availability and hiring of rehabilitation and treatment personnel. (b) The department shall submit the plan and a schedule for implementation of its provisions to the Legislature by January 15, 2008. 2063. (a) It is the intent of the Legislature that the Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation shall regularly provide operational and fiscal information to the Legislature to allow it to better assess the performance of the department in critical areas of operations, including to both evaluate the effectiveness of department programs and activities, as well as assess how efficiently the department is using state resources. (b) No later than January 10 of each year, the Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation shall provide to the Joint Legislative Budget Committee operational and fiscal information to be displayed in the Governor's proposed budget. This information shall include data for the three most recently ended fiscal years, and shall include, but is not limited to, the following: (1) Per capita costs, average daily population, and offender to staff ratios for each of the following: (A) Adult inmates housed in state prisons. (B) Adult inmates housed in Community Correctional Facilities and out-of-state facilities. (C) Adult parolees supervised in the community. (D) Juvenile wards housed in state facilities. (E) Juvenile parolees supervised in the community. (2) Total expenditures and average daily population for each adult and juvenile institution. (3) Number of established positions and percent of those positions vacant on June 30 for each of the following classifications within the department: (A) Correctional officer. (B) Correctional sergeant. (C) Correctional lieutenant. (D) Parole agent. (E) Youth correctional counselor. (F) Youth correctional officer. (G) Physician. (H) Registered nurse. (I) Psychiatrist. (J) Psychologist. (K) Dentist. (L) Teacher. (M) Vocational instructor. (N) Licensed vocational nurse. (4) Average population of juvenile wards classified by board category. (5) Average population of adult inmates classified by security level. (6) Average population of adult parolees classified by supervision level. (7) Number of new admissions from courts, parole violators with new terms, and parole violators returned to custody. (8) Number of probable cause hearings, revocation hearings, and parole suitability hearings conducted. (9) For both adult and juvenile facilities, the number of budgeted slots, actual enrollment, and average daily attendance for institutional academic and vocational education and substance abuse programs. (10) Average population of mentally ill offenders classified by Correctional Clinical Case Management System or Enhanced Outpatient Program status, as well as information about mentally ill offenders in more acute levels of care. (c) No later than January 10 of each year, the Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation shall provide to the Joint Legislative Budget Committee a supplemental report containing operational and fiscal information in addition to data provided in subdivision (b). To the extent possible and relevant, the department shall seek to keep the categories of information provided the same each year so as to provide consistency. This report shall contain information for the three most recently ended fiscal years, and shall include, but is not limited to, data on the operational level and outcomes associated with the following categories: (1) Adult prison security operations, including use of disciplinary measures and special housing assignments such as placements in administrative segregation, Security Housing Units, and sensitive needs yards, identifying these placements by offender categories such as security level and mental health classification. (2) Adult prison education and treatment programs, including academic education, vocational training, prison industries, substance abuse treatment, and sex offender treatment. (3) Adult prison health care operations, including medical, mental, and dental health. (4) Adult parole operations, including number of discharges from parole supervision and provision of various treatment and sanction programs. (5) Board of Parole Hearings, including the total number of parole suitability hearings scheduled for inmates serving life sentences each year, the number of parole suitability hearings postponed each year and the reasons for postponement, and the backlog of parole suitability hearings. (5.1) Board of Parole Hearings, including the total number of adult parole revocation cases with probable cause hearings scheduled each year, the percent of parole revocation cases with probable cause hearings held within 10 business days, as well as the percent of adult parole revocation cases completed within 35 calendar days. (6) Juvenile institution security operations, including use of disciplinary measures and special housing assignments such as special management programs, as well as the impact of time that adds or cuts the length of confinement. (7) Juvenile institutional education and treatment programs, including academic education, vocational training, substance abuse treatment, and sex offender treatment. (8) Juvenile institutional health care operations, including medical, mental, and dental health. (9) Juvenile parole operations, including the number of juvenile parolees returned to state institutions and provision of various treatment and sanction programs. (9.1) Juvenile Parole Board, including juvenile parole revocation hearings. (d) To the extent any of the information in subdivision (b) or (c) falls under the purview of the federally appointed receiver over medical care services, the Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation shall, to the best of its ability, coordinate with the receiver in obtaining this information.
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