2009 California Penal Code - Section 1170-1170.9 :: Article 1. Initial Sentencing

PENAL CODE
SECTION 1170-1170.9

1170.  (a) (1) The Legislature finds and declares that the purpose
of imprisonment for crime is punishment. This purpose is best served
by terms proportionate to the seriousness of the offense with
provision for uniformity in the sentences of offenders committing the
same offense under similar circumstances. The Legislature further
finds and declares that the elimination of disparity and the
provision of uniformity of sentences can best be achieved by
determinate sentences fixed by statute in proportion to the
seriousness of the offense as determined by the Legislature to be
imposed by the court with specified discretion.
   (2) Notwithstanding paragraph (1), the Legislature further finds
and declares that programs should be available for inmates,
including, but not limited to, educational programs, that are
designed to prepare nonviolent felony offenders for successful
reentry into the community. The Legislature encourages the
development of policies and programs designed to educate and
rehabilitate nonviolent felony offenders. In implementing this
section, the Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation is
encouraged to give priority enrollment in programs to promote
successful return to the community to an inmate with a short
remaining term of commitment and a release date that would allow him
or her adequate time to complete the program.
   (3) In any case in which the punishment prescribed by statute for
a person convicted of a public offense is a term of imprisonment in
the state prison of any specification of three time periods, the
court shall sentence the defendant to one of the terms of
imprisonment specified unless the convicted person is given any other
disposition provided by law, including a fine, jail, probation, or
the suspension of imposition or execution of sentence or is sentenced
pursuant to subdivision (b) of Section 1168 because he or she had
committed his or her crime prior to July 1, 1977. In sentencing the
convicted person, the court shall apply the sentencing rules of the
Judicial Council. The court, unless it determines that there are
circumstances in mitigation of the punishment prescribed, shall also
impose any other term that it is required by law to impose as an
additional term. Nothing in this article shall affect any provision
of law that imposes the death penalty, that authorizes or restricts
the granting of probation or suspending the execution or imposition
of sentence, or expressly provides for imprisonment in the state
prison for life. In any case in which the amount of preimprisonment
credit under Section 2900.5 or any other provision of law is equal to
or exceeds any sentence imposed pursuant to this chapter, the entire
sentence shall be deemed to have been served and the defendant shall
not be actually delivered to the custody of the secretary. The court
shall advise the defendant that he or she shall serve a period of
parole and order the defendant to report to the parole office closest
to the defendant's last legal residence, unless the in-custody
credits equal the total sentence, including both confinement time and
the period of parole. The sentence shall be deemed a separate prior
prison term under Section 667.5, and a copy of the judgment and other
necessary documentation shall be forwarded to the secretary.
   (b) When a judgment of imprisonment is to be imposed and the
statute specifies three possible terms, the choice of the appropriate
term shall rest within the sound discretion of the court. At least
four days prior to the time set for imposition of judgment, either
party or the victim, or the family of the victim if the victim is
deceased, may submit a statement in aggravation or mitigation. In
determining the appropriate term, the court may consider the record
in the case, the probation officer's report, other reports including
reports received pursuant to Section 1203.03 and statements in
aggravation or mitigation submitted by the prosecution, the
defendant, or the victim, or the family of the victim if the victim
is deceased, and any further evidence introduced at the sentencing
hearing. The court shall select the term which, in the court's
discretion, best serves the interests of justice. The court shall set
forth on the record the reasons for imposing the term selected and
the court may not impose an upper term by using the fact of any
enhancement upon which sentence is imposed under any provision of
law. A term of imprisonment shall not be specified if imposition of
sentence is suspended.
   (c) The court shall state the reasons for its sentence choice on
the record at the time of sentencing. The court shall also inform the
defendant that as part of the sentence after expiration of the term
he or she may be on parole for a period as provided in Section 3000.
   (d) When a defendant subject to this section or subdivision (b) of
Section 1168 has been sentenced to be imprisoned in the state prison
and has been committed to the custody of the secretary, the court
may, within 120 days of the date of commitment on its own motion, or
at any time upon the recommendation of the secretary or the Board of
Parole Hearings, recall the sentence and commitment previously
ordered and resentence the defendant in the same manner as if he or
she had not previously been sentenced, provided the new sentence, if
any, is no greater than the initial sentence. The resentence under
this subdivision shall apply the sentencing rules of the Judicial
Council so as to eliminate disparity of sentences and to promote
uniformity of sentencing. Credit shall be given for time served.
   (e) (1) Notwithstanding any other law and consistent with
paragraph (1) of subdivision (a), if the secretary or the Board of
Parole Hearings or both determine that a prisoner satisfies the
criteria set forth in paragraph (2), the secretary or the board may
recommend to the court that the prisoner's sentence be recalled.
   (2) The court shall have the discretion to resentence or recall if
the court finds that the facts described in subparagraph (A) and (B)
or subparagraphs (B) and (C) exist:
   (A) The prisoner is terminally ill with an incurable condition
caused by an illness or disease that would produce death within six
months, as determined by a physician employed by the department.
   (B) The conditions under which the prisoner would be released or
receive treatment do not pose a threat to public safety.
   (C) The prisoner is permanently medically incapacitated with a
medical condition that renders him or her permanently unable to
perform activities of basic daily living, and results in the prisoner
requiring 24-hour total care, including, but not limited to, coma,
persistent vegetative state, brain death, ventilator-dependency, loss
of control of muscular or neurological function, and that
incapacitation did not exist at the time of the original sentencing.
   The Board of Parole Hearings shall make findings pursuant to this
subdivision before making a recommendation for resentence or recall
to the court. This subdivision does not apply to a prisoner sentenced
to death or a term of life without the possibility of parole.
   (3) Within 10 days of receipt of a positive recommendation by the
secretary or the board, the court shall hold a hearing to consider
whether the prisoner's sentence should be recalled.
   (4) Any physician employed by the department who determines that a
prisoner has six months or less to live shall notify the chief
medical officer of the prognosis. If the chief medical officer
concurs with the prognosis, he or she shall notify the warden. Within
48 hours of receiving notification, the warden or the warden's
representative shall notify the prisoner of the recall and
resentencing procedures, and shall arrange for the prisoner to
designate a family member or other outside agent to be notified as to
the prisoner's medical condition and prognosis, and as to the recall
and resentencing procedures. If the inmate is deemed mentally unfit,
the warden or the warden's representative shall contact the inmate's
emergency contact and provide the information described in paragraph
(2).
   (5) The warden or the warden's representative shall provide the
prisoner and his or her family member, agent, or emergency contact,
as described in paragraph (4), updated information throughout the
recall and resentencing process with regard to the prisoner's medical
condition and the status of the prisoner's recall and resentencing
proceedings.
   (6) Notwithstanding any other provisions of this section, the
prisoner or his or her family member or designee may independently
request consideration for recall and resentencing by contacting the
chief medical officer at the prison or the secretary. Upon receipt of
the request, the chief medical officer and the warden or the warden'
s representative shall follow the procedures described in paragraph
(4). If the secretary determines that the prisoner satisfies the
criteria set forth in paragraph (2), the secretary or board may
recommend to the court that the prisoner's sentence be recalled. The
secretary shall submit a recommendation for release within 30 days in
the case of inmates sentenced to determinate terms and, in the case
of inmates sentenced to indeterminate terms, the secretary shall make
a recommendation to the Board of Parole Hearings with respect to the
inmates who have applied under this section. The board shall
consider this information and make an independent judgment pursuant
to paragraph (2) and make findings related thereto before rejecting
the request or making a recommendation to the court. This action
shall be taken at the next lawfully noticed board meeting.
   (7) Any recommendation for recall submitted to the court by the
secretary or the Board of Parole Hearings shall include one or more
medical evaluations, a postrelease plan, and findings pursuant to
paragraph (2).
   (8) If possible, the matter shall be heard before the same judge
of the court who sentenced the prisoner.
   (9) If the court grants the recall and resentencing application,
the prisoner shall be released by the department within 48 hours of
receipt of the court's order, unless a longer time period is agreed
to by the inmate. At the time of release, the warden or the warden's
representative shall ensure that the prisoner has each of the
following in his or her possession: a discharge medical summary, full
medical records, state identification, parole medications, and all
property belonging to the prisoner. After discharge, any additional
records shall be sent to the prisoner's forwarding address.
   (10) The secretary shall issue a directive to medical and
correctional staff employed by the department that details the
guidelines and procedures for initiating a recall and resentencing
procedure. The directive shall clearly state that any prisoner who is
given a prognosis of six months or less to live is eligible for
recall and resentencing consideration, and that recall and
resentencing procedures shall be initiated upon that prognosis.
   (f) Any sentence imposed under this article shall be subject to
the provisions of Sections 3000 and 3057 and any other applicable
provisions of law.
   (g) A sentence to state prison for a determinate term for which
only one term is specified, is a sentence to state prison under this
section.
   (h) This section shall remain in effect only until January 1,
2011, and as of that date is repealed, unless a later enacted
statute, that is enacted before that date, deletes or extends that
date.

1170.  (a) (1) The Legislature finds and declares that the purpose
of imprisonment for crime is punishment. This purpose is best served
by terms proportionate to the seriousness of the offense with
provision for uniformity in the sentences of offenders committing the
same offense under similar circumstances. The Legislature further
finds and declares that the elimination of disparity and the
provision of uniformity of sentences can best be achieved by
determinate sentences fixed by statute in proportion to the
seriousness of the offense as determined by the Legislature to be
imposed by the court with specified discretion.
   (2) Notwithstanding paragraph (1), the Legislature further finds
and declares that programs should be available for inmates,
including, but not limited to, educational programs, that are
designed to prepare nonviolent felony offenders for successful
reentry into the community. The Legislature encourages the
development of policies and programs designed to educate and
rehabilitate nonviolent felony offenders. In implementing this
section, the Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation is
encouraged to give priority enrollment in programs to promote
successful return to the community to an inmate with a short
remaining term of commitment and a release date that would allow him
or her adequate time to complete the program.
   (3) In any case in which the punishment prescribed by statute for
a person convicted of a public offense is a term of imprisonment in
the state prison of any specification of three time periods, the
court shall sentence the defendant to one of the terms of
imprisonment specified unless the convicted person is given any other
disposition provided by law, including a fine, jail, probation, or
the suspension of imposition or execution of sentence or is sentenced
pursuant to subdivision (b) of Section 1168 because he or she had
committed his or her crime prior to July 1, 1977. In sentencing the
convicted person, the court shall apply the sentencing rules of the
Judicial Council. The court, unless it determines that there are
circumstances in mitigation of the punishment prescribed, shall also
impose any other term that it is required by law to impose as an
additional term. Nothing in this article shall affect any provision
of law that imposes the death penalty, that authorizes or restricts
the granting of probation or suspending the execution or imposition
of sentence, or expressly provides for imprisonment in the state
prison for life. In any case in which the amount of preimprisonment
credit under Section 2900.5 or any other provision of law is equal to
or exceeds any sentence imposed pursuant to this chapter, the entire
sentence shall be deemed to have been served and the defendant shall
not be actually delivered to the custody of the secretary. The court
shall advise the defendant that he or she shall serve a period of
parole and order the defendant to report to the parole office closest
to the defendant's last legal residence, unless the in-custody
credits equal the total sentence, including both confinement time and
the period of parole. The sentence shall be deemed a separate prior
prison term under Section 667.5, and a copy of the judgment and other
necessary documentation shall be forwarded to the secretary.
   (b) When a judgment of imprisonment is to be imposed and the
statute specifies three possible terms, the court shall order
imposition of the middle term, unless there are circumstances in
aggravation or mitigation of the crime. At least four days prior to
the time set for imposition of judgment, either party or the victim,
or the family of the victim if the victim is deceased, may submit a
statement in aggravation or mitigation to dispute facts in the record
or the probation officer's report, or to present additional facts.
In determining whether there are circumstances that justify
imposition of the upper or lower term, the court may consider the
record in the case, the probation officer's report, other reports
including reports received pursuant to Section 1203.03 and statements
in aggravation or mitigation submitted by the prosecution, the
defendant, or the victim, or the family of the victim if the victim
is deceased, and any further evidence introduced at the sentencing
hearing. The court shall set forth on the record the facts and
reasons for imposing the upper or lower term. The court may not
impose an upper term by using the fact of any enhancement upon which
sentence is imposed under any provision of law. A term of
imprisonment shall not be specified if imposition of sentence is
suspended.
   (c) The court shall state the reasons for its sentence choice on
the record at the time of sentencing. The court shall also inform the
defendant that as part of the sentence after expiration of the term
he or she may be on parole for a period as provided in Section 3000.
   (d) When a defendant subject to this section or subdivision (b) of
Section 1168 has been sentenced to be imprisoned in the state prison
and has been committed to the custody of the secretary, the court
may, within 120 days of the date of commitment on its own motion, or
at any time upon the recommendation of the secretary or the Board of
Parole Hearings, recall the sentence and commitment previously
ordered and resentence the defendant in the same manner as if he or
she had not previously been sentenced, provided the new sentence, if
any, is no greater than the initial sentence. The resentence under
this subdivision shall apply the sentencing rules of the Judicial
Council so as to eliminate disparity of sentences and to promote
uniformity of sentencing. Credit shall be given for time served.
   (e) (1) Notwithstanding any other law and consistent with
paragraph (1) of subdivision (a), if the secretary or the Board of
Parole Hearings or both determine that a prisoner satisfies the
criteria set forth in paragraph (2), the secretary or the board may
recommend to the court that the prisoner's sentence be recalled.
   (2) The court shall have the discretion to resentence or recall if
the court finds that the facts described in subparagraphs (A) and
(B) or subparagraphs (B) and (C) exist:
   (A) The prisoner is terminally ill with an incurable condition
caused by an illness or disease that would produce death within six
months, as determined by a physician employed by the department.
   (B) The conditions under which the prisoner would be released or
receive treatment do not pose a threat to public safety.
   (C) The prisoner is permanently medically incapacitated with a
medical condition that renders him or her permanently unable to
perform activities of basic daily living, and results in the prisoner
requiring 24-hour total care, including, but not limited to, coma,
persistent vegetative state, brain death, ventilator-dependency, loss
of control of muscular or neurological function, and that
incapacitation did not exist at the time of the original sentencing.
   The Board of Parole Hearings shall make findings pursuant to this
subdivision before making a recommendation for resentence or recall
to the court. This subdivision does not apply to a prisoner sentenced
to death or a term of life without the possibility of parole.
   (3) Within 10 days of receipt of a positive recommendation by the
secretary or the board, the court shall hold a hearing to consider
whether the prisoner's sentence should be recalled.
   (4) Any physician employed by the department who determines that a
prisoner has six months or less to live shall notify the chief
medical officer of the prognosis. If the chief medical officer
concurs with the prognosis, he or she shall notify the warden. Within
48 hours of receiving notification, the warden or the warden's
representative shall notify the prisoner of the recall and
resentencing procedures, and shall arrange for the prisoner to
designate a family member or other outside agent to be notified as to
the prisoner's medical condition and prognosis, and as to the recall
and resentencing procedures. If the inmate is deemed mentally unfit,
the warden or the warden's representative shall contact the inmate's
emergency contact and provide the information described in paragraph
(2).
   (5) The warden or the warden's representative shall provide the
prisoner and his or her family member, agent, or emergency contact,
as described in paragraph (4), updated information throughout the
recall and resentencing process with regard to the prisoner's medical
condition and the status of the prisoner's recall and resentencing
proceedings.
   (6) Notwithstanding any other provisions of this section, the
prisoner or his or her family member or designee may independently
request consideration for recall and resentencing by contacting the
chief medical officer at the prison or the secretary. Upon receipt of
the request, the chief medical officer and the warden or the warden'
s representative shall follow the procedures described in paragraph
(4). If the secretary determines that the prisoner satisfies the
criteria set forth in paragraph (2), the secretary or board may
recommend to the court that the prisoner's sentence be recalled. The
secretary shall submit a recommendation for release within 30 days in
the case of inmates sentenced to determinate terms and, in the case
of inmates sentenced to indeterminate terms, the secretary shall make
a recommendation to the Board of Parole Hearings with respect to the
inmates who have applied under this section. The board shall
consider this information and make an independent judgment pursuant
to paragraph (2) and make findings related thereto before rejecting
the request or making a recommendation to the court. This action
shall be taken at the next lawfully noticed board meeting.
   (7) Any recommendation for recall submitted to the court by the
secretary or the Board of Parole Hearings shall include one or more
medical evaluations, a postrelease plan, and findings pursuant to
paragraph (2).
   (8) If possible, the matter shall be heard before the same judge
of the court who sentenced the prisoner.
   (9) If the court grants the recall and resentencing application,
the prisoner shall be released by the department within 48 hours of
receipt of the court's order, unless a longer time period is agreed
to by the inmate. At the time of release, the warden or the warden's
representative shall ensure that the prisoner has each of the
following in his or her possession: a discharge medical summary, full
medical records, state identification, parole medications, and all
property belonging to the prisoner. After discharge, any additional
records shall be sent to the prisoner's forwarding address.
   (10) The secretary shall issue a directive to medical and
correctional staff employed by the department that details the
guidelines and procedures for initiating a recall and resentencing
procedure. The directive shall clearly state that any prisoner who is
given a prognosis of six months or less to live is eligible for
recall and resentencing consideration, and that recall and
resentencing procedures shall be initiated upon that prognosis.
   (f) Any sentence imposed under this article shall be subject to
the provisions of Sections 3000 and 3057 and any other applicable
provisions of law.
   (g) A sentence to state prison for a determinate term for which
only one term is specified, is a sentence to state prison under this
section.
   (h) This section shall become operative on January 1, 2011.

1170.1.  (a) Except as otherwise provided by law, and subject to
Section 654, when any person is convicted of two or more felonies,
whether in the same proceeding or court or in different proceedings
or courts, and whether by judgment rendered by the same or by a
different court, and a consecutive term of imprisonment is imposed
under Sections 669 and 1170, the aggregate term of imprisonment for
all these convictions shall be the sum of the principal term, the
subordinate term, and any additional term imposed for applicable
enhancements for prior convictions, prior prison terms, and Section
12022.1. The principal term shall consist of the greatest term of
imprisonment imposed by the court for any of the crimes, including
any term imposed for applicable specific enhancements. The
subordinate term for each consecutive offense shall consist of
one-third of the middle term of imprisonment prescribed for each
other felony conviction for which a consecutive term of imprisonment
is imposed, and shall include one-third of the term imposed for any
specific enhancements applicable to those subordinate offenses.
   (b) If a person is convicted of two or more violations of
kidnapping, as defined in Section 207, involving separate victims,
the subordinate term for each consecutive offense of kidnapping shall
consist of the full middle term and shall include the full term
imposed for specific enhancements applicable to those subordinate
offenses.
   (c) In the case of any person convicted of one or more felonies
committed while the person is confined in a state prison or is
subject to reimprisonment for escape from custody and the law either
requires the terms to be served consecutively or the court imposes
consecutive terms, the term of imprisonment for all the convictions
that the person is required to serve consecutively shall commence
from the time the person would otherwise have been released from
prison. If the new offenses are consecutive with each other, the
principal and subordinate terms shall be calculated as provided in
subdivision (a). This subdivision shall be applicable in cases of
convictions of more than one offense in the same or different
proceedings.
   (d) When the court imposes a prison sentence for a felony pursuant
to Section 1170 or subdivision (b) of Section 1168, the court shall
also impose, in addition and consecutive to the offense of which the
person has been convicted, the additional terms provided for any
applicable enhancements. If an enhancement is punishable by one of
three terms, the court shall, in its discretion, impose the term that
best serves the interest of justice, and state the reasons for its
sentence choice on the record at the time of sentencing. The court
shall also impose any other additional term that the court determines
in its discretion or as required by law shall run consecutive to the
term imposed under Section 1170 or subdivision (b) of Section 1168.
In considering the imposition of the additional term, the court shall
apply the sentencing rules of the Judicial Council.
   (e) All enhancements shall be alleged in the accusatory pleading
and either admitted by the defendant in open court or found to be
true by the trier of fact.
   (f) When two or more enhancements may be imposed for being armed
with or using a dangerous or deadly weapon or a firearm in the
commission of a single offense, only the greatest of those
enhancements shall be imposed for that offense. This subdivision
shall not limit the imposition of any other enhancements applicable
to that offense, including an enhancement for the infliction of great
bodily injury.
   (g) When two or more enhancements may be imposed for the
infliction of great bodily injury on the same victim in the
commission of a single offense, only the greatest of those
enhancements shall be imposed for that offense. This subdivision
shall not limit the imposition of any other enhancements applicable
to that offense, including an enhancement for being armed with or
using a dangerous or deadly weapon or a firearm.
   (h) For any violation of an offense specified in Section 667.6,
the number of enhancements that may be imposed shall not be limited,
regardless of whether the enhancements are pursuant to this section,
Section 667.6, or some other provision of law. Each of the
enhancements shall be a full and separately served term.
   (i) This section shall remain in effect only until January 1,
2011, and as of that date is repealed, unless a later enacted
statute, that is enacted before January 1, 2011, deletes or extends
that date.

1170.1.  (a) Except as otherwise provided by law, and subject to
Section 654, when any person is convicted of two or more felonies,
whether in the same proceeding or court or in different proceedings
or courts, and whether by judgment rendered by the same or by a
different court, and a consecutive term of imprisonment is imposed
under Sections 669 and 1170, the aggregate term of imprisonment for
all these convictions shall be the sum of the principal term, the
subordinate term, and any additional term imposed for applicable
enhancements for prior convictions, prior prison terms, and Section
12022.1. The principal term shall consist of the greatest term of
imprisonment imposed by the court for any of the crimes, including
any term imposed for applicable specific enhancements. The
subordinate term for each consecutive offense shall consist of
one-third of the middle term of imprisonment prescribed for each
other felony conviction for which a consecutive term of imprisonment
is imposed, and shall include one-third of the term imposed for any
specific enhancements applicable to those subordinate offenses.
   (b) If a person is convicted of two or more violations of
kidnapping, as defined in Section 207, involving separate victims,
the subordinate term for each consecutive offense of kidnapping shall
consist of the full middle term and shall include the full term
imposed for specific enhancements applicable to those subordinate
offenses.
   (c) In the case of any person convicted of one or more felonies
committed while the person is confined in a state prison or is
subject to reimprisonment for escape from custody and the law either
requires the terms to be served consecutively or the court imposes
consecutive terms, the term of imprisonment for all the convictions
that the person is required to serve consecutively shall commence
from the time the person would otherwise have been released from
prison. If the new offenses are consecutive with each other, the
principal and subordinate terms shall be calculated as provided in
subdivision (a). This subdivision shall be applicable in cases of
convictions of more than one offense in the same or different
proceedings.
   (d) When the court imposes a prison sentence for a felony pursuant
to Section 1170 or subdivision (b) of Section 1168, the court shall
also impose, in addition and consecutive to the offense of which the
person has been convicted, the additional terms provided for any
applicable enhancements. If an enhancement is punishable by one of
three terms, the court shall impose the middle term unless there are
circumstances in aggravation or mitigation, and state the reasons for
its sentence choice, other than the middle term, on the record at
the time of sentencing. The court shall also impose any other
additional term that the court determines in its discretion or as
required by law shall run consecutive to the term imposed under
Section 1170 or subdivision (b) of Section 1168. In considering the
imposition of the additional term, the court shall apply the
sentencing rules of the Judicial Council.
   (e) All enhancements shall be alleged in the accusatory pleading
and either admitted by the defendant in open court or found to be
true by the trier of fact.
   (f) When two or more enhancements may be imposed for being armed
with or using a dangerous or deadly weapon or a firearm in the
commission of a single offense, only the greatest of those
enhancements shall be imposed for that offense. This subdivision
shall not limit the imposition of any other enhancements applicable
to that offense, including an enhancement for the infliction of great
bodily injury.
   (g) When two or more enhancements may be imposed for the
infliction of great bodily injury on the same victim in the
commission of a single offense, only the greatest of those
enhancements shall be imposed for that offense. This subdivision
shall not limit the imposition of any other enhancements applicable
to that offense, including an enhancement for being armed with or
using a dangerous or deadly weapon or a firearm.
   (h) For any violation of an offense specified in Section 667.6,
the number of enhancements that may be imposed shall not be limited,
regardless of whether the enhancements are pursuant to this section,
Section 667.6, or some other provision of law. Each of the
enhancements shall be a full and separately served term.
   (i) This section shall become operative on January 1, 2011.

1170.11.  As used in Section 1170.1, the term "specific enhancement"
means an enhancement that relates to the circumstances of the crime.
It includes, but is not limited to, the enhancements provided in
Sections 186.10, 186.11, 186.22, 186.26, 186.33, 192.5, 273.4, 289.5,
290.4, 290.45, 290.46, 347, and 368, subdivisions (a) and (b) of
Section 422.75, paragraphs (2), (3), (4), and (5) of subdivision (a)
of Section 451.1, paragraphs (2), (3), and (4) of subdivision (a) of
Section 452.1, subdivision (g) of Section 550, Sections 593a, 600,
667.8, 667.85, 667.9, 667.10, 667.15, 667.16, 667.17, 674, 675,
12021.5, 12022, 12022.2, 12022.3, 12022.4, 12022.5, 12022.53,
12022.55, 12022.6, 12022.7, 12022.75, 12022.8, 12022.85, 12022.9,
12022.95, 12072, and 12280 of this code, and in Sections 1522.01 and
11353.1, subdivision (b) of Section 11353.4, Sections 11353.6,
11356.5, 11370.4, 11379.7, 11379.8, 11379.9, 11380.1, 11380.7,
25189.5, and 25189.7 of the Health and Safety Code, and in Sections
20001 and 23558 of the Vehicle Code, and in Sections 10980 and 14107
of the Welfare and Institutions Code.

1170.12.  (a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, if a
defendant has been convicted of a felony and it has been pled and
proved that the defendant has one or more prior felony convictions,
as defined in subdivision (b), the court shall adhere to each of the
following:
   (1) There shall not be an aggregate term limitation for purposes
of consecutive sentencing for any subsequent felony conviction.
   (2) Probation for the current offense shall not be granted, nor
shall execution or imposition of the sentence be suspended for any
prior offense.
   (3) The length of time between the prior felony conviction and the
current felony conviction shall not affect the imposition of
sentence.
   (4) There shall not be a commitment to any other facility other
than the state prison. Diversion shall not be granted nor shall the
defendant be eligible for commitment to the California Rehabilitation
Center as provided in Article 2 (commencing with Section 3050) of
Chapter 1 of Division 3 of the Welfare and Institutions Code.
   (5) The total amount of credits awarded pursuant to Article 2.5
(commencing with Section 2930) of Chapter 7 of Title 1 of Part 3
shall not exceed one-fifth of the total term of imprisonment imposed
and shall not accrue until the defendant is physically placed in the
state prison.
   (6) If there is a current conviction for more than one felony
count not committed on the same occasion, and not arising from the
same set of operative facts, the court shall sentence the defendant
consecutively on each count pursuant to this section.
   (7) If there is a current conviction for more than one serious or
violent felony as described in paragraph (6) of this subdivision, the
court shall impose the sentence for each conviction consecutive to
the sentence for any other conviction for which the defendant may be
consecutively sentenced in the manner prescribed by law.
   (8) Any sentence imposed pursuant to this section will be imposed
consecutive to any other sentence which the defendant is already
serving, unless otherwise provided by law.
   (b) Notwithstanding any other provision of law and for the
purposes of this section, a prior conviction of a felony shall be
defined as:
   (1) Any offense defined in subdivision (c) of Section 667.5 as a
violent felony or any offense defined in subdivision (c) of Section
1192.7 as a serious felony in this state. The determination of
whether a prior conviction is a prior felony conviction for purposes
of this section shall be made upon the date of that prior conviction
and is not affected by the sentence imposed unless the sentence
automatically, upon the initial sentencing, converts the felony to a
misdemeanor. None of the following dispositions shall affect the
determination that a prior conviction is a prior felony for purposes
of this section:
   (A) The suspension of imposition of judgment or sentence.
   (B) The stay of execution of sentence.
   (C) The commitment to the State Department of Health Services as a
mentally disordered sex offender following a conviction of a felony.
   (D) The commitment to the California Rehabilitation Center or any
other facility whose function is rehabilitative diversion from the
state prison.
   (2) A conviction in another jurisdiction for an offense that, if
committed in California, is punishable by imprisonment in the state
prison. A prior conviction of a particular felony shall include a
conviction in another jurisdiction for an offense that includes all
of the elements of the particular felony as defined in subdivision
(c) of Section 667.5 or subdivision (c) of Section 1192.7.
   (3) A prior juvenile adjudication shall constitute a prior felony
conviction for purposes of sentence enhancement if:
   (A) The juvenile was sixteen years of age or older at the time he
or she committed the prior offense, and
   (B) The prior offense is
   (i) listed in subdivision (b) of Section 707 of the Welfare and
Institutions Code, or
   (ii) listed in this subdivision as a felony, and
   (C) The juvenile was found to be a fit and proper subject to be
dealt with under the juvenile court law, and
   (D) The juvenile was adjudged a ward of the juvenile court within
the meaning of Section 602 of the Welfare and Institutions Code
because the person committed an offense listed in subdivision (b) of
Section 707 of the Welfare and Institutions Code.
   (c) For purposes of this section, and in addition to any other
enhancements or punishment provisions which may apply, the following
shall apply where a defendant has a prior felony conviction:
   (1) If a defendant has one prior felony conviction that has been
pled and proved, the determinate term or minimum term for an
indeterminate term shall be twice the term otherwise provided as
punishment for the current felony conviction.
   (2) (A) If a defendant has two or more prior felony convictions,
as defined in paragraph (1) of subdivision (b), that have been pled
and proved, the term for the current felony conviction shall be an
indeterminate term of life imprisonment with a minimum term of the
indeterminate sentence calculated as the greater of
   (i) three times the term otherwise provided as punishment for each
current felony conviction subsequent to the two or more prior felony
convictions, or
   (ii) twenty-five years or
   (iii) the term determined by the court pursuant to Section 1170
for the underlying conviction, including any enhancement applicable
under Chapter 4.5 (commencing with Section 1170) of Title 7 of Part
2, or any period prescribed by Section 190 or 3046.
   (B) The indeterminate term described in subparagraph (A) of
paragraph (2) of this subdivision shall be served consecutive to any
other term of imprisonment for which a consecutive term may be
imposed by law. Any other term imposed subsequent to any
indeterminate term described in subparagraph (A) of paragraph (2) of
this subdivision shall not be merged therein but shall commence at
the time the person would otherwise have been released from prison.
   (d) (1) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, this section
shall be applied in every case in which a defendant has a prior
felony conviction as defined in this section. The prosecuting
attorney shall plead and prove each prior felony conviction except as
provided in paragraph (2).
   (2) The prosecuting attorney may move to dismiss or strike a prior
felony conviction allegation in the furtherance of justice pursuant
to Section 1385, or if there is insufficient evidence to prove the
prior conviction. If upon the satisfaction of the court that there is
insufficient evidence to prove the prior felony conviction, the
court may dismiss or strike the allegation.
   (e) Prior felony convictions shall not be used in plea bargaining,
as defined in subdivision (b) of Section 1192.7. The prosecution
shall plead and prove all known prior felony convictions and shall
not enter into any agreement to strike or seek the dismissal of any
prior felony conviction allegation except as provided in paragraph
(2) of subdivision (d).

1170.125.  Notwithstanding Section 2 of Proposition 184, as adopted
at the November 8, 1994, general election, for all offenses committed
on or after the effective date of this act, all references to
existing statutes in Section 1170.12 are to those statutes as they
existed on the effective date of this act, including amendments made
to those statutes by the act enacted during the 2005-06 Regular
Session that amended this section.

1170.13.  Notwithstanding subdivision (a) of Section 1170.1 which
provides for the imposition of a subordinate term for a consecutive
offense of one-third of the middle term of imprisonment, if a person
is convicted pursuant to subdivision (b) of Section 139, the
subordinate term for each consecutive offense shall consist of the
full middle term.

1170.15.  Notwithstanding subdivision (a) of Section 1170.1 which
provides for the imposition of a subordinate term for a consecutive
offense of one-third of the middle term of imprisonment, if a person
is convicted of a felony, and of an additional felony that is a
violation of Section 136.1 or 137 and that was committed against the
victim of, or a witness or potential witness with respect to, or a
person who was about to give material information pertaining to, the
first felony, or of a felony violation of Section 653f that was
committed to dissuade a witness or potential witness to the first
felony, the subordinate term for each consecutive offense that is a
felony described in this section shall consist of the full middle
term of imprisonment for the felony for which a consecutive term of
imprisonment is imposed, and shall include the full term prescribed
for any enhancements imposed for being armed with or using a
dangerous or deadly weapon or a firearm, or for inflicting great
bodily injury.

1170.16.  In lieu of the term provided in Section 1170.1, a full,
separate, and consecutive term may be imposed for each violation of
subdivision (a) of Section 192, whether or not the offenses were
committed during a single transaction.

1170.17.  (a) When a person is prosecuted for a criminal offense
committed while he or she was under the age of 18 years and the
prosecution is lawfully initiated in a court of criminal jurisdiction
without a prior finding that the person is not a fit and proper
subject to be dealt with under the juvenile court law, upon
subsequent conviction for any criminal offense, the person shall be
subject to the same sentence as an adult convicted of the identical
offense, in accordance with the provisions set forth in subdivision
(a) of Section 1170.19, except under the circumstances described in
subdivision (b) or (c).
   (b) Where the conviction is for the type of offense which, in
combination with the person's age at the time the offense was
committed, makes the person eligible for transfer to a court of
criminal jurisdiction, pursuant to a rebuttable presumption that the
person is not a fit and proper subject to be dealt with under the
juvenile court law, and the prosecution for the offense could not
lawfully be initiated in a court of criminal jurisdiction, then
either of the following shall apply:
   (1) The person shall be subject to the same sentence as an adult
convicted of the identical offense in accordance with the provisions
set forth in subdivision (a) of Section 1170.19, unless the person
prevails upon a motion brought pursuant to paragraph (2).
   (2) Upon a motion brought by the person, the court shall order the
probation department to prepare a written social study and
recommendation concerning the person's fitness to be dealt with under
the juvenile court law and the court shall either conduct a fitness
hearing or suspend proceedings and remand the matter to the juvenile
court to prepare a social study and make a determination of fitness.
The person shall receive a disposition under the juvenile court law
only if the person demonstrates, by a preponderance of the evidence,
that he or she is a fit and proper subject to be dealt with under the
juvenile court law, based upon each of the following five criteria:
   (A) The degree of criminal sophistication exhibited by the person.
   (B) Whether the person can be rehabilitated prior to the
expiration of the juvenile court's jurisdiction.
   (C) The person's previous delinquent history.
   (D) Success of previous attempts by the juvenile court to
rehabilitate the person.
   (E) The circumstances and gravity of the offense for which the
person has been convicted.
   If the court conducting the fitness hearing finds that the person
is not a fit and proper subject for juvenile court jurisdiction, then
the person shall be sentenced by the court where he or she was
convicted, in accordance with the provisions of paragraph (1). If the
court conducting the hearing on fitness finds that the person is a
fit and proper subject for juvenile court jurisdiction, then the
person shall be subject to a disposition in accordance with the
provisions of subdivision (b) of Section 1170.19.
   (c) Where the conviction is for the type of offense which, in
combination with the person's age at the time the offense was
committed, makes the person eligible for transfer to a court of
criminal jurisdiction, pursuant to a rebuttable presumption that the
person is a fit and proper subject to be dealt with under the
juvenile court law, then the person shall be sentenced as follows:
   (1) The person shall be subject to a disposition under the
juvenile court law, in accordance with the provisions of subdivision
(b) of Section 1170.19, unless the district attorney prevails upon a
motion, as described in paragraph (2).
   (2) Upon a motion brought by the district attorney, the court
shall order the probation department to prepare a written social
study and recommendation concerning whether the person is a fit and
proper subject to be dealt with under the juvenile court law. The
court shall either conduct a fitness hearing or suspend proceedings
and remand the matter to the juvenile court for a determination of
fitness. The person shall be subject to a juvenile disposition under
the juvenile court law unless the district attorney demonstrates, by
a preponderance of the evidence, that the person is not a fit and
proper subject to be dealt with under the juvenile court law, based
upon the five criteria set forth in paragraph (2) of subdivision (b).
If the person is found to be not a fit and proper subject to be
dealt with under the juvenile court law, then the person shall be
sentenced in the court where he or she was convicted, in accordance
with the provisions set forth in subdivision (a) of Section 1170.19.
If the person is found to be a fit and proper subject to be dealt
with under the juvenile court law, the person shall be subject to a
disposition, in accordance with the provisions of subdivision (b) of
Section 1170.19.
   (d) Where the conviction is for the type of offense which, in
combination with the person's age, does not make the person eligible
for transfer to a court of criminal jurisdiction, the person shall be
subject to a disposition in accordance with the provisions of
subdivision (b) of Section 1170.19.

1170.19.  (a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the
following shall apply to a person sentenced pursuant to Section
1170.17.
   (1) The person may be committed to the Youth Authority only to the
extent the person meets the eligibility criteria set forth in
Section 1732.6 of the Welfare and Institutions Code.
   (2) The person shall not be housed in any facility under the
jurisdiction of the Department of Corrections, if the person is under
the age of 16 years.
   (3) The person shall have his or her criminal court records
accorded the same degree of public access as the records pertaining
to the conviction of an adult for the identical offense.
   (4) Subject to the knowing and intelligent consent of both the
prosecution and the person being sentenced pursuant to this section,
the court may order a juvenile disposition under the juvenile court
law, in lieu of a sentence under this code, upon a finding that such
an order would serve the best interests of justice, protection of the
community, and the person being sentenced. Prior to ordering a
juvenile disposition, the court shall cause to be received into
evidence a social study by the probation officer, prepared pursuant
to Section 706 of the Welfare and Institutions Code, and shall state
that the social study made by the probation officer has been read and
considered by the court.
   (b) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the following
shall apply to a person who is eligible to receive a juvenile
disposition pursuant to Section 1170.17.
   (1) The person shall be entitled a hearing on the proper
disposition of the case, conducted in accordance with the provisions
of Section 706 of the Welfare and Institutions Code. The court in
which the conviction occurred shall order the probation department to
prepare a written social study and recommendation concerning the
proper disposition of the case, prior to conducting the hearing or
remand the matter to the juvenile court for purposes of preparing the
social study, conducting the disposition hearing pursuant to Section
706 of the Welfare and Institutions Code, and making a disposition
order under the juvenile court law.
   (2) The person shall have his or her conviction deemed to be a
finding of delinquency wardship under Section 602 of the Welfare and
Institutions Code.
   (3) The person shall have his or her criminal court records
accorded the same degree of confidentiality as if the matter had been
initially prosecuted as a delinquency petition in the juvenile
court.
   (4) Subject to the knowing and intelligent consent of both the
prosecution and the person being sentenced pursuant to this section,
the court may impose an adult sentence under this code, in lieu of
ordering a juvenile disposition under the juvenile court law, upon a
finding that such an order would serve the best interests of justice,
protection of the community, and the person being sentenced. Prior
to ordering an adult sentence, the court shall cause to be received
into evidence a social study by the probation officer, prepared
pursuant to Section 706 of the Welfare and Institutions Code, and
shall state that the social study prepared by the probation officer
has been read and considered by the court.

1170.2.  (a) In the case of any inmate who committed a felony prior
to July 1, 1977, who would have been sentenced under Section 1170 if
he or she had committed it after July 1, 1977, the Board of Prison
Terms shall determine what the length of time of imprisonment would
have been under Section 1170 without consideration of good-time
credit and utilizing the middle term of the offense bearing the
longest term of imprisonment of which the prisoner was convicted
increased by any enhancements justified by matters found to be true
and which were imposed by the court at the time of sentencing for
such felony. These matters include: being armed with a deadly or
dangerous weapon as specified in Section 211a, 460, 3024, or 12022
prior to July 1, 1977, which may result in a one-year enhancement
pursuant to the provisions of Section 12022; using a firearm as
specified in Section 12022.5 prior to July 1, 1977, which may result
in a two-year enhancement pursuant to the provisions of Section
12022.5; infliction of great bodily injury as specified in Section
213, 264, or 461 prior to July 1, 1977, which may result in a
three-year enhancement pursuant to the provisions of Section 12022.7;
any prior felony conviction as specified in any statute prior to
July 1, 1977, which prior felony conviction is the equivalent of a
prior prison term as defined in Section 667.5, which may result in
the appropriate enhancement pursuant to the provisions of Section
667.5; and any consecutive sentence.
   (b) If the calculation required under subdivision (a) is less than
the time to be served prior to a release date set prior to July 1,
1977, or if a release date had not been set, the Board of Prison
Terms shall establish the prisoner's parole date, subject to
subdivision (d), on the date calculated under subdivision (a) unless
at least two of the commissioners of the Board of Prison Terms after
reviewing the prisoner's file, determine that due to the number of
crimes of which the prisoner was convicted, or due to the number of
prior convictions suffered by the prisoner, or due to the fact that
the prisoner was armed with a deadly weapon when the crime was
committed, or used a deadly weapon during the commission of the
crime, or inflicted or attempted to inflict great bodily injury on
the victim of the crime, the prisoner should serve a term longer than
that calculated in subdivision (a), in which event the prisoner
shall be entitled to a hearing before a panel consisting of at least
two commissioners of the Board of Prison Terms as provided for in
Section 3041.5. The Board of Prison Terms shall notify each prisoner
who is scheduled for such a hearing within 90 days of July 1, 1977,
or within 90 days of the date the prisoner is received by or returned
to the custody of the Department of Corrections, whichever is later.
The hearing shall be held before October 1, 1978, or within 120 days
of receipt of the prisoner, whichever is later. It is the intent of
the Legislature that the hearings provided for in this subdivision
shall be accomplished in the most expeditious manner possible. At the
hearing the prisoner shall be entitled to be represented by legal
counsel, a release date shall be set, and the prisoner shall be
informed in writing of the extraordinary factors specifically
considered determinative and on what basis the release date has been
calculated. In fixing a term under this section the board shall be
guided by, but not limited to, the term which reasonably could be
imposed on a person who committed a similar offense under similar
circumstances on or after July 1, 1977, and further, the board shall
be guided by the following finding and declaration hereby made by the
Legislature: that the necessity to protect the public from
repetition of extraordinary crimes of violence against the person is
the paramount consideration.
   (c) Nothing in this section shall be deemed to keep an inmate in
the custody of the Department of Corrections for a period of time
longer than he would have been kept in its custody under the
provisions of law applicable to him prior to July 1, 1977. Nothing in
this section shall be deemed to require the release of an inmate
sentenced to consecutive sentences under the provisions of law
applicable to him prior to July 1, 1977, earlier than if he had been
sentenced to concurrent sentences.
   (d) In the case of any prisoner who committed a felony prior to
July 1, 1977, who would have been sentenced under Section 1170 if the
felony was committed on or after July 1, 1977, the good behavior and
participation provisions of Article 2.5 (commencing with Section
2930) of Chapter 7 of Title 1 of Part 3 shall apply from July 1,
1977, and thereafter.
   (e) In the case of any inmate who committed a felony prior to July
1, 1977, who would have been sentenced under Section 1168 if the
felony was committed on or after July 1, 1977, the Board of Prison
Terms shall provide for release from prison as provided for by this
code.
   (f) In the case of any inmate who committed a felony prior to July
1, 1977, the length, conditions, revocation, and other incidents of
parole shall be the same as if the prisoner had been sentenced for an
offense committed on or after July 1, 1977.
   (g) Nothing in this chapter shall affect the eligibility for
parole under Article 3 (commencing with Section 3040) of Chapter 8 of
Title 1 of Part 3 of an inmate sentenced pursuant to Section 1168 as
operative prior to July 1, 1977, for a period of parole as specified
in subdivision (b) of Section 3000.
   (h) In fixing a term under this section, the Board of Prison Terms
shall utilize the terms of imprisonment as provided in Chapter 1139
of the Statutes of 1976 and Chapter 165 of the Statutes of 1977.

1170.3.  The Judicial Council shall seek to promote uniformity in
sentencing under Section 1170 by:
   (a) The adoption of rules providing criteria for the consideration
of the trial judge at the time of sentencing regarding the court's
decision to:
   (1) Grant or deny probation.
   (2) Impose the lower, middle, or upper prison term.
   (3) Impose concurrent or consecutive sentences.
   (4) Determine whether or not to impose an enhancement where that
determination is permitted by law.
   (b) The adoption of rules standardizing the minimum content and
the sequential presentation of material in probation officer reports
submitted to the court.
   (c) This section shall remain in effect only until January 1,
2011, and as of that date is repealed, unless a later enacted
statute, that is enacted before January 1, 2011, deletes or extends
that date.

1170.3.  The Judicial Council shall seek to promote uniformity in
sentencing under Section 1170 by:
   (a) The adoption of rules providing criteria for the consideration
of the trial judge at the time of sentencing regarding the court's
decision to:
   (1) Grant or deny probation.
   (2) Impose the lower or upper prison term.
   (3) Impose concurrent or consecutive sentences.
   (4) Determine whether or not to impose an enhancement where that
determination is permitted by law.
   (b) The adoption of rules standardizing the minimum content and
the sequential presentation of material in probation officer reports
submitted to the court.
   (c) This section shall become operative on January 1, 2011.

1170.4.  The Judicial Council shall collect and analyze relevant
information relating to sentencing practices in this state and other
jurisdictions. Such information shall be taken into consideration by
the Judicial Council in the adoption of rules pursuant to Section
1170.3.

1170.45.  The Judicial Council shall collect data on criminal cases
statewide relating to the disposition of those cases according to the
race and ethnicity of the defendant, and report annually thereon to
the Legislature beginning no later than January 1, 1999. It is the
intent of the Legislature to appropriate funds to the Judicial
Council for this purpose.

1170.5.  The Judicial Council shall conduct annual sentencing
institutes for trial court judges pursuant to Section 68551 of the
Government Code, toward the end of assisting the judge in the
imposition of appropriate sentences.

1170.7.  Robbery or attempted robbery for the purpose of obtaining
any controlled substance, as defined in Division 10 (commencing with
Section 11000) of the Health and Safety Code, when committed against
a pharmacist, pharmacy employee, or other person lawfully possessing
controlled substances, shall be considered a circumstance in
aggravation of the crime in imposing a term under subdivision (b) of
Section 1170.

1170.71.  The fact that a person who commits a violation of Section
288 has used obscene or harmful matter to induce, persuade, or
encourage the minor to engage in a lewd or lascivious act shall be
considered a circumstance in aggravation of the crime in imposing a
term under subdivision (b) of Section 1170.

1170.72.  Upon conviction of a violation of Section 11353, 11353.5,
11353.7, 11354, 11361, or 11380 of the Health and Safety Code, or a
finding of truth of an enhancing allegation pursuant to paragraph (3)
of subdivision (a) of Section 11353.1, Section 11353.6, or paragraph
(3) of subdivision (a) of Section 11380.1, the fact that the minor
was 11 years of age or younger shall be considered a circumstance in
aggravation when imposing a term under subdivision (b) of Section
1170.

1170.73.  Upon conviction of a felony violation of Section 11377,
11378, or 11378.5 of the Health and Safety Code, the court shall
consider the quantity of controlled substance involved in determining
whether to impose an aggravated term under subdivision (b) of
Section 1170.

1170.74.  Upon conviction of a felony violation of Section 11377,
11378, 11379, or 11379.6 of the Health and Safety Code, for an
offense involving methamphetamine, the fact that the controlled
substance is the crystalline form of methamphetamine shall be
considered a circumstance in aggravation of the crime in imposing a
term under subdivision (b) of Section 1170.

1170.76.  The fact that a defendant who commits or attempts to
commit a violation of Section 243.4, 245, or 273.5 is or has been a
member of the household of a minor or of the victim of the offense,
or the defendant is a marital or blood relative of the minor or the
victim, or the defendant or the victim is the natural parent,
adoptive parent, stepparent, or foster parent of the minor, and the
offense contemporaneously occurred in the presence of, or was
witnessed by, the minor shall be considered a circumstance in
aggravation of the crime in imposing a term under subdivision (b) of
Section 1170.

1170.78.  Upon a conviction of a violation of Section 451, the fact
that the person committed the offense in retaliation against the
owner or occupant of the property or structure burned, or against one
believed by the person to be the owner or occupant of the property
or structure burned, for any eviction or other legal action taken by
the owner or occupant, or believed owner or occupant, shall be a
circumstance in aggravation of the crime in imposing a term under
subdivision (b) of Section 1170.

1170.8.  (a) The fact that a robbery or an assault with a deadly
weapon or instrument or by means of any force likely to produce great
bodily injury was committed against a person while that person was
in a church, synagogue, or building owned and occupied by a religious
educational institution, or any other place primarily used as a
place of worship where religious services are regularly conducted,
shall be considered a circumstance in aggravation of the crime in
imposing a term under subdivision (b) of Section 1170.
   (b) Upon conviction of any person for a violation of Section 451
or 453, the fact that the person intentionally burned, or intended to
burn, a church, synagogue, or building owned and occupied by a
religious educational institution, or any other place primarily used
as a place of worship where religious services are regularly
conducted, shall be considered a circumstance in aggravation of the
crime in imposing a term under subdivision (b) of Section 1170.

1170.81.  The fact that the intended victim of an attempted life
term crime was a peace officer, as described in subdivisions (a) and
(b) of Section 830.1, or Section 830.2, 830.5 or 830.6, while the
peace officer was engaged in the performance of his or her duties,
and the defendant knew or reasonably should have known that the
victim was a peace officer engaged in the performance of his or her
duties, shall be considered a circumstance in aggravation of the
crime in imposing a term under subdivision (b) of Section 1170.

1170.82.  Upon a conviction of a violation of Section 11352, 11360,
11379, or 11379.5 of the Health and Safety Code, the fact that the
person who committed the offense knew, or reasonably should have
known, that any of the following circumstances existed with regard to
the person to whom he or she unlawfully sold, furnished,
administered, or gave away a controlled substance, shall be a
circumstance in aggravation of the crime in imposing a term pursuant
to subdivision (b) of Section 1170:
   (a) The person was pregnant at the time of the selling,
furnishing, administering, or giving away of the controlled
substance.
   (b) The person had been previously convicted of a violent felony,
as defined in subdivision (c) of Section 667.5.
   (c) The person was in psychological treatment for a mental
disorder or for substance abuse at the time of the selling,
furnishing, administering, or giving away of the controlled
substance.

1170.84.  Upon conviction of any serious felony, listed in
subdivision (c) of Section 1192.7, it shall be considered a
circumstance in aggravation of the crime in imposing a term under
subdivision (b) of Section 1170 if, during the course of the serious
felony, the person engaged in the tying, binding, or confining of any
victim.

1170.85.  (a) Upon conviction of any felony assault or battery
offense, it shall be considered a circumstance in aggravation of the
crime in imposing a term under subdivision (b) of Section 1170 if the
offense was committed to prevent or dissuade a person who is or may
become a witness from attending upon or testifying at any trial,
proceeding, or inquiry authorized by law, or if the offense was
committed because the person provided assistance or information to a
law enforcement officer, or to a public prosecutor in a criminal or
juvenile court proceeding.
   (b) Upon conviction of any felony it shall be considered a
circumstance in aggravation in imposing a term under subdivision (b)
of Section 1170 if the victim of an offense is particularly
vulnerable, or unable to defend himself or herself, due to age or
significant disability.

1170.86.  Upon conviction of a felony violation of Section 220, 261,
261.5, 264.1, or 266j the fact that the felony was committed within
a safe school zone, as defined in subdivision (c) of Section 626,
against a victim who was a pupil currently attending school, shall be
considered a circumstance in aggravation in imposing a term under
subdivision (b) of Section 1170.

1170.89.  Where there is an applicable triad for an enhancement
related to the possession of, being armed with, use of, or furnishing
or supplying a firearm, set forth in Section 12021.5, 12022,
12022.2, 12022.3, 12022.4, 12022.5, or 12022.55 the fact that a
person knew or had reason to believe that a firearm was stolen shall
constitute a circumstance in aggravation of the enhancement
justifying imposition of the upper term on that enhancement.

1170.9.  (a) In the case of any person convicted of a criminal
offense who would otherwise be sentenced to county jail or state
prison and who alleges that he or she committed the offense as a
result of post-traumatic stress disorder, substance abuse, or
psychological problems stemming from service in a combat theater in
the United States military, the court shall, prior to sentencing,
hold a hearing to determine whether the defendant was a member of the
military forces of the United States who served in combat and shall
assess whether the defendant suffers from post-traumatic stress
disorder, substance abuse, or psychological problems as a result of
that service.
   (b) If the court concludes that a defendant convicted of a
criminal offense is a person described in subdivision (a), and if the
defendant is otherwise eligible for probation and the court places
the defendant on probation, the court may order the defendant into a
local, state, federal, or private nonprofit treatment program for a
period not to exceed that which the defendant would have served in
state prison or county jail, provided the defendant agrees to
participate in the program and the court determines that an
appropriate treatment program exists.
   (c) If a referral is made to the county mental health authority,
the county shall be obligated to provide mental health treatment
services only to the extent that resources are available for that
purpose, as described in paragraph (5) of subdivision (b) of Section
5600.3 of the Welfare and Institutions Code. If mental health
treatment services are ordered by the court, the county mental health
agency shall coordinate appropriate referral of the defendant to the
county veterans service officer, as described in paragraph (5) of
subdivision (b) of Section 5600.3 of the Welfare and Institutions
Code. The county mental health agency shall not be responsible for
providing services outside its traditional scope of services. An
order shall be made referring a defendant to a county mental health
agency only if that agency has agreed to accept responsibility for
the treatment of the defendant.
   (d) When determining the "needs of the defendant," for purposes of
Section 1202.7, the court shall consider the fact that the defendant
is a person described in subdivision (a) in assessing whether the
defendant should be placed on probation and whether the defendant
would be best served while on probation by being ordered into a
private nonprofit treatment service program with a demonstrated
history of specializing in the treatment of military service-related
issues, such as post-traumatic stress disorder, substance abuse, or
psychological problems.
   (e) A defendant granted probation under this section and committed
to a residential treatment program shall earn sentence credits for
the actual time the defendant served in residential treatment.
   (f) The court, in making an order under this section to commit a
defendant to an established treatment program, shall give preference
to a treatment program that has a history of successfully treating
combat veterans who suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder,
substance abuse, or psychological problems as a result of that
service.

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