2009 California Health and Safety Code - Section 109875-110040 :: Chapter 1. General Provisions And Definitions

HEALTH AND SAFETY CODE
SECTION 109875-110040

109875.  This part shall be known as the Sherman Food, Drug, and
Cosmetic Law.

109880.  Unless the context otherwise requires, the definitions set
forth in this article govern the construction of this part.

109885.  "Advertisement" means any representations, including, but
not limited to, statements upon the products, its packages, cartons,
and any other container, disseminated in any manner or by any means,
for the purpose of inducing, or that is likely to induce, directly or
indirectly, the purchase or use of any food, drug, device, or
cosmetic.

109890.  "Antibiotic drug" means any drug , except drugs for use in
animals other than humans, composed in whole or in part of any form
of penicillin, streptomycin, chlortetracycline chloramphenicol,
bacitracin, or any other drug intended for human use containing any
quantity of any chemical substance that is produced by
micro-organisms, and that has the capacity to inhibit or destroy
micro-organisms in dilute solution, including a chemically
synthesized equivalent, or any derivative thereof.

109895.  "Color additive" means a substance that satisfies both of
the following requirements:
   (a) It is a dye, pigment, or other substance made by a process of
synthesis or similar artifice, or extracted, isolated, or otherwise
derived, with or without intermediate or final change of identity,
from a vegetable, animal, mineral, or other source.
   (b) When added or applied to a food, drug, device, or cosmetic, or
to the human body or any part of the body, it is capable, alone or
through reaction with any other substance, of imparting color to the
food, drug, device, or cosmetic, or to the human body or the part of
the human body, to which it is added or applied.
   The term "color additive" does not include any material that the
department, by regulation, determines is used, or intended to be
used, solely for a purpose or purposes other than coloring.
   The term "color," as used in this section, includes black, white,
and intermediate grays.
   This section does not apply to any pesticide chemical, soil, or
plant nutrient, or other agricultural chemical, solely because of its
effect in aiding, retarding, or otherwise affecting, directly or
indirectly, the growth or other natural physiological process of
produce of the soil and thereby affecting its color, whether before
or after harvest.

109900.  "Cosmetic" means any article, or its components, intended
to be rubbed, poured, sprinkled, or sprayed on, introduced into, or
otherwise applied to, the human body, or any part of the human body,
for cleansing, beautifying, promoting attractiveness, or altering the
appearance.
   The term "cosmetic" does not include soap.

109905.  "Counterfeit", as used in respect to any food, drug,
device, or cosmetic, means a food, drug, device, or cosmetic that
bears or whose package or labeling bears, without authorization, the
trademark, trade name, or other identifying mark, imprint, or device,
or any likeness or trademark, trade name, or other identifying mark,
imprint, or device of a manufacturer, processor, packer, or
distributor, other than the actual manufacturer, processor, packer,
or distributor, or that falsely purports or is represented to be the
product of, or to have been packed or distributed by, the other
manufacturer, processor, packer, or distributor.

109910.  "Department" means the State Department of Health Services.

109915.  "Director" means the State Director of Health Services.

109920.  "Device" means any instrument, apparatus, implement,
machine, contrivance, implant, in vitro reagent, or other similar or
related article, including any component, part, or accessory, that is
any of the following:
   (a) Recognized in the official National Formulary or the United
States Pharmacopoeia, or any supplement to them.
   (b) Intended for use in the diagnosis of disease or other
condition, or in the cure, mitigation, treatment, or prevention of
disease in humans or any other animal.
   (c) Intended to affect the structure or any function of the body
of humans or any other animal and that does not achieve any of its
principal intended purposes through chemical action within or on the
body of humans or other animals and that is not dependent upon being
metabolized for the achievement of any of its principal intended
purposes.

109925.  "Drug" means any of the following:
   (a) Any article recognized in an official compendium.
   (b) Any article used or intended for use in the diagnosis, cure,
mitigation, treatment, or prevention of disease in human beings or
any other animal.
   (c) Any article other than food, that is used or intended to
affect the structure or any function of the body of human beings or
any other animal.
   (d) Any article used or intended for use as a component of any
article designated in subdivision (a), (b), or (c) of this section.
   The term "drug" does not include any device.
   Any food for which a claim (as described in Sections 403(r)(1)(B)
(21 U.S.C. Sec. 343(r)(1)(B)) and 403(r)(3) (21 U.S.C. Sec. 343(r)
(3)) or Sections 403(r)(1)(B) (21 U.S.C. Sec. 343(r)(1)(B)) and 403
(r)(5)(D) (21 U.S.C. Sec. 343(r)(5)(D)) of the federal act), is made
in accordance with the requirements set forth in Section 403(r) (21
U.S.C. Sec. 343(r)) of the federal act, is not a drug under
subdivision (b) solely because the label or labeling contains such a
claim.

109930.  "Federal act" means the federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic
Act, as amended (21 U.S.C. Sec. 301 et seq.).

109935.  "Food" means either of the following:
   (a) Any article used or intended for use for food, drink,
confection, condiment, or chewing gum by man or other animal.
   (b) Any article used or intended for use as a component of any
article designated in subdivision (a).

109940.  "Food additive" means any substance, the intended use of
which results or may reasonably be expected to result, directly or
indirectly, in the substance becoming a component of the food or
otherwise affecting characteristics of the food. This includes any
substance or radiation source intended for use in producing,
manufacturing, packing, treating, packaging, transporting, or holding
any food.
   The term "food additive" does not include any of the following:
   (a) A pesticide chemical in or on a raw agricultural commodity.
   (b) A pesticide chemical that is used, or intended for use, in the
production, storage, or transportation of any raw agricultural
commodity.
   (c) A color additive.
   (d) Any substance used in accordance with a sanction or approval
granted prior to the enactment of the Food Additives Amendment of
1958 (72 Stat. 1784), pursuant to the federal act; the Poultry
Products Inspection Act (71 Stat. 441; 21 U.S.C. Sec. 451 et seq.);
the Meat Inspection Act of March 4, 1907 (34 Stat. 1260), as amended
and extended (21 U.S.C. Sec. 71 et seq.); or the Food and
Agricultural Code of this state.

109945.  "Food and drug inspector" means any authorized agent of the
Bureau of Food and Drug of the department, who shall have the powers
set forth in Section 106500.

109947.  "Food processing facility" means any facility operated for
the purposes of manufacturing, packing, or holding processed food.
Food processing facility does not include a food facility as defined
in Section 113785, or any facility exclusively storing, handling, or
processing dried beans.

109948.  (a) "Home medical device retail facility" is an area,
place, or premises, other than a licensed pharmacy, in and from which
prescription devices, home medical devices, or home medical device
services are sold, fitted, or dispensed pursuant to prescription.
"Home medical device retail facility" includes, but is not limited
to, any area or place in which prescription devices, home medical
devices, or home medical device services are stored, possessed,
prepared, manufactured, or repackaged, and from which the
prescription devices, home medical devices, and home medical device
services are furnished, sold, or dispensed at retail.
   (b) "Home medical device retail facility" shall not include any
area in a facility licensed by the department where floor supplies,
ward supplies, operating room supplies, or emergency room supplies of
prescription devices are stored or possessed solely for treatment of
patients registered for treatment in the facility or for treatment
of patients receiving emergency care in the facility.
   (c) "Home medical device retail facility" shall not include any
area of a home health agency licensed under Chapter 8 (commencing
with Section 1725) of, or a hospice licensed under Chapter 8.5
(commencing with Section 1745) of Division 2 where the supplies
specified in subdivision (c) of Section 4057 of the Business and
Professions Code are stored or possessed solely for treatment of
patients by a licensed home health agency or licensed hospice, as
long as all prescription devices are furnished to these patients only
upon the prescription or order of health care practitioners
authorized to prescribe or order home medical devices or who use home
medical devices or who use home medical devices to treat their
patients.

109948.1.  (a) "Home medical device services" means the delivery,
installation, maintenance, replacement of, or instruction in the use
of, home medical devices used by a sick or disabled individual to
allow the individual to be maintained in a residence.
   (b) "Home medical device" means a device intended for use in a
home care setting including, but not limited to, all of the
following:
   (1) Oxygen delivery systems and prefilled cylinders.
   (2) Ventilators.
   (3) Continuous Positive Airway Pressure devices (CPAP).
   (4) Respiratory disease management devices.
   (5) Hospital beds and commodes.
   (6) Electronic and computer driven wheelchairs and seating
systems.
   (7) Apnea monitors.
   (8) Low air loss continuous pressure management devices.
   (9) Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulator (TENS) units.
   (10) Prescription devices.
   (11) Disposable medical supplies including, but not limited to,
incontinence supplies as defined in Section 14125.1 of the Welfare
and Institutions Code.
   (12) In vitro diagnostic tests.
   (13) Any other similar device as defined in regulations adopted by
the department.
   (c) The term "home medical device" does not include any of the
following:
   (1) Devices used or dispensed in the normal course of treating
patients by hospitals and nursing facilities, other than devices
delivered or dispensed by a separate unit or subsidiary corporation
of a hospital or nursing facility or agency that is in the business
of delivering home medical devices to an individual's residence.
   (2) Prosthetics and orthotics.
   (3) Automated external defibrillators (AEDs).
   (4) Devices provided through a physician's office incident to a
physician's service.
   (5) Devices provided by a licensed pharmacist that are used to
administer drugs that can be dispensed only by a licensed pharmacist.
   (6) Enteral and parenteral devices provided by a licensed
pharmacist.

109950.  "Immediate container" does not include any package liner.

109951.  "Infant formula" shall have the same definition as that
term is used in the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C.
Sec. 321(z)). The department shall review all changes to the federal
definition of "infant formula" before those changes are incorporated
by reference pursuant to this section. Within six months after the
effective date of any changes to the federal definition, the
department shall complete its review of the changes, and submit a
report to the Senate Health and Human Services Committee and the
Assembly Health Committee that describes the changes and makes a
recommendation as to whether it is appropriate to incorporate the
changes by reference pursuant to this section. Any change to the
federal definition shall take effect pursuant to this section one
year after the effective date of the federal change, unless a law
that specifically prohibits the change from taking effect is enacted
and becomes effective.

109955.  "Label" means a display of written, printed, or graphic
matter upon a food, drug, device, or cosmetic or upon its immediate
container.

109960.  "Labeling" means any label or other written, printed, or
graphic matter upon a food, drug, device, or cosmetic or upon its
container or wrapper, or that accompanies any food, drug, device, or
cosmetic.

109965.  "Local health department" means the health department of a
city, county, city and county, or local health district that
qualifies for state assistance pursuant to Chapter 3 (commencing with
Section 101175) of Part 3 of Division 101, or any city health
department of a city that has had its own health department for 12
years or more.

109970.  "Manufacture" means the preparation, compounding,
propagation, processing, or fabrication of any food, drug, device, or
cosmetic. The term "manufacture" includes repackaging or otherwise
changing the container, wrapper, or labeling of any food, drug,
device, or cosmetic in furtherance of the distribution of the food,
drug, device, or cosmetic. The term "manufacture" does not include
repackaging from a bulk container by a retailer at the time of sale
to its ultimate consumer.

109971.  "Medical food" means any product that meets the definition
of medical food in the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21
U.S.C. Sec. 360ee(b)(3)). The department shall review all changes to
the federal definition of "medical food" before those changes are
incorporated by reference pursuant to this section. Within six months
after the effective date of any changes to the federal definition,
the department shall complete its review of the changes, and submit a
report to the Senate Health and Human Services Committee and the
Assembly Health Committee that describes the changes and makes a
recommendation as to whether it is appropriate to incorporate the
changes by reference pursuant to this section. Any change to the
federal definition shall take effect pursuant to this section one
year after the effective date of the federal change, unless a law
that specifically prohibits the change from taking effect is enacted
and becomes effective.

109975.  "New device" means any of the following:
   (a) Any device the composition, construction, or properties of
which are such that the device is not generally recognized, among
experts qualified by scientific training and experience to evaluate
the safety and effectiveness of devices, as having been adequately
shown, through scientific investigations to be safe and effective for
use under the conditions prescribed, recommended, or suggested in
the labeling or advertising thereof.
   (b) Any device the composition, construction, or properties of
which are such that the device, as a result of such investigation to
determine its safety and effectiveness for use under these
conditions, has become so recognized, but which has not, otherwise
than in the investigations, been used to a material extent or for a
material time under the conditions.

109980.  "New drug" means either of the following:
   (a) Any drug the composition of which is such that the drug is not
generally recognized, among experts qualified by scientific training
and experience to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of drugs, as
safe and effective for use under the conditions prescribed,
recommended, or suggested in the labeling or advertising thereof.
   (b) Any drug the composition of which is such that the drug, as a
result of investigations to determine its safety and effectiveness
for use under these conditions, has become so recognized, but that
has not, otherwise than in the investigations, been used to a
material extent or for a material time under the conditions.

109985.  "Official compendium" means the latest edition of the
United States Pharmacopoeia, the latest edition of the Homeopathic
Pharmacopoeia of the United States, or the latest edition of the
National Formulary, or any supplement to any of these.

109990.  "Package" means any container or wrapper that may be used
by a manufacturer, producer, jobber, packer, or dealer for enclosing
or containing any food, drug, device, or cosmetic.
   The term "package" does not include any of the following:
   (a) Any shipping container or outer wrapping used solely for the
transportation of a food, drug, device, or cosmetic in bulk quantity
to any manufacturer, packer, processor, or wholesale or retail
distributor.
   (b) Any shipping container or outer wrapping used by any retailer
to ship or deliver any food, drug, device, or cosmetic to any retail
consumer if the container or wrapping bears no printed matter
pertaining to any food, drug, device, or cosmetic.

109995.  "Person" means any individual, firm, partnership, trust,
corporation, limited liability company, company, estate, public or
private institution, association, organization, group, city, county,
city and county, political subdivision of this state, other
governmental agency within the state, and any representative, agent,
or agency of any of the foregoing.

110000.  "Pesticide chemical" means any substance that alone, in
chemical combination, or in formulation with one or more substances,
is an "economic poison" within the meaning of Section 12753 of the
Food and Agricultural Code of this state or the Federal Insecticide,
Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (61 Stat. 163; 7 U.S.C. Sec. 135 et
seq.), and that is used in the production, storage, or transportation
of any raw agricultural commodity.

110005.  "Potentially hazardous food" means any food capable of
supporting growth of infectious or toxigenic micro-organisms when
held at temperatures above 45 degrees Fahrenheit.

110010.  "Prescription" means an oral order given individually for
the patient for whom prescribed directly from the prescriber to the
furnisher or indirectly by means of a written order signed by the
prescriber that bears the name and address of the prescriber, the
license classification of the prescriber, the name and address of the
patient, the name and quantity of drug or device prescribed, the
directions for use, and the date of issue.

110010.1.  "Prescription device" means any device limited to
prescription use under Section 111470.

110010.2.  "Prescription drug" means any drug limited to
prescription use under Section 111470.

110015.  "Principal display panel" means that part of a label most
likely to be displayed, presented, shown, or examined under normal
and customary conditions of display for retail sale.

110020.  "Raw agricultural commodity" means any food in its raw or
natural state. It includes, but is not limited to, any fruit that is
washed, colored, or otherwise treated in its unpeeled natural form
prior to marketing.

110025.  (a) "Substantial evidence" means evidence consisting of
adequate and well-controlled investigations, including clinical
investigations, by experts qualified by scientific training and
experience to evaluate the effectiveness of the drug or device
involved, on the basis that it could be fairly and responsibly
concluded by the experts that the drug or device will have the effect
it purports or is represented to have under the conditions of use
prescribed, recommended, or suggested in the labeling, proposed
labeling, or advertising of any drug or device.
   (b) If the department determines, based on relevant science, that
data from one adequate and well-controlled clinical investigation,
and confirming evidence, obtained prior to or after the
investigation, sufficiently establish effectiveness, then the
department may consider that data and evidence, to constitute
substantial evidence for purposes of the preceding sentence.

110030.  The provisions of this part regarding the selling of any
food, drug, device, or cosmetic include, but are not limited to, all
of the following:
   (a) The manufacture, production, processing, and packing of any
food, drug, device, or cosmetic.
   (b) The exhibition, offer, possession, or holding of any food,
drug, device, or cosmetic for sale, dispensing, giving, supplying, or
applying in the conduct of any establishment.
   (c) The sale, dispensing, giving, supplying, or applying of any
food, drug, device, or cosmetic in the conduct of any establishment.

110035.  All regulations pertaining to any food, drug, device, or
cosmetic adopted by the department that are in effect on the
effective date of this part shall remain in effect until the
department adopts regulations pursuant to this part which repeal the
regulations.

110040.  This part shall be so construed as to not be in conflict
with the Food and Agricultural Code, or with the Alcoholic Beverage
Control Act, Division 9 (commencing with Section 23000) of the
Business and Professions Code, and the regulations adopted pursuant
thereto.

Disclaimer: These codes may not be the most recent version. California may have more current or accurate information. We make no warranties or guarantees about the accuracy, completeness, or adequacy of the information contained on this site or the information linked to on the state site. Please check official sources.