2009 California Education Code - Section 49061 :: Article 2. Definitions


49061.  As used in this chapter:
   (a) "Parent" means a natural parent, an adopted parent, or legal
guardian. If the parents are divorced or legally separated, only a
parent having legal custody of the pupil may challenge the content of
a record pursuant to Section 49070, offer a written response to a
record pursuant to Section 49072, or consent to release records to
others pursuant to Section 49075. Either parent may grant consent if
both parents have notified, in writing, the school or school district
that an agreement has been made. If a pupil has attained the age of
18 years or is attending an institution of postsecondary education,
the permission or consent required of, and the rights accorded to,
the parents or guardian of the pupil shall thereafter only be
required of, and accorded to, the pupil.
   (b) "Pupil record" means any item of information directly related
to an identifiable pupil, other than directory information, which is
maintained by a school district or required to be maintained by an
employee in the performance of his or her duties whether recorded by
handwriting, print, tapes, film, microfilm or other means.
   "Pupil record" does not include informal notes related to a pupil
compiled by a school officer or employee which remain in the sole
possession of the maker and are not accessible or revealed to any
other person except a substitute. For purposes of this subdivision,
"substitute" means a person who performs the duties of the individual
who made the notes on a temporary basis, and does not refer to a
person who permanently succeeds the maker of the notes in his or her
   (c) "Directory information" means one or more of the following
items: pupil's name, address, telephone number, date and place of
birth, major field of study, participation in officially recognized
activities and sports, weight and height of members of athletic
teams, dates of attendance, degrees and awards received, and the most
recent previous public or private school attended by the pupil.
   (d) "School district" means any school district maintaining any of
grades kindergarten through 12, any public school providing
instruction in any of grades kindergarten through 12, the office of
the county superintendent of schools, or any special school operated
by the department.
   (e) "Access" means a personal inspection and review of a record or
an accurate copy of a record, or receipt of an accurate copy of a
record, an oral description or communication of a record or an
accurate copy of a record, and a request to release a copy of any
   (f) "County placing agency" means the county social service
department or county probation department.

Disclaimer: These codes may not be the most recent version. California may have more current or accurate information. We make no warranties or guarantees about the accuracy, completeness, or adequacy of the information contained on this site or the information linked to on the state site. Please check official sources.