2009 California Civil Code - Section 2872-2877 :: Article 1. Definition Of Liens

CIVIL CODE
SECTION 2872-2877

2872.  A lien is a charge imposed in some mode other than by a
transfer in trust upon specific property by which it is made security
for the performance of an act.

2873.  Liens are either general or special.

2874.  A general lien is one which the holder thereof is entitled to
enforce as a security for the performance of all the obligations, or
all of a particular class of obligations, which exist in his favor
against the owner of the property.

2875.  A special lien is one which the holder thereof can enforce
only as security for the performance of a particular act or
obligation, and of such obligations as may be incidental thereto.

2876.  Where the holder of a special lien is compelled to satisfy a
prior lien for his own protection, he may enforce payment of the
amount so paid by him, as a part of the claim for which his own lien
exists.

2877.  Contracts of mortgage, pledge, bottomry, or respondentia, are
subject to all the provisions of this Chapter.


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