2007 California Vehicle Code Article 1. Hazardous Materials

CA Codes (veh:31301-31309)

VEHICLE CODE
SECTION 31301-31309



31301.  (a) No person shall transport any explosive substance,
flammable liquid, liquefied petroleum gas or poisonous gas in a tank
truck, trailer, or semitrailer through the Caldecott Tunnel located
on State Highway, Route 24, near the Alameda-Contra Costa County
boundary, connecting Oakland with Contra Costa County in the East Bay
area at any time other than between the hours of 3 a.m. to 5 a.m.
   (b) The Department of Transportation may, in compliance with the
requirements of Article 1 (commencing with Section 22400) of Division
11, determine and declare a reduced speed limit, lower than the
maximum speed of 55 miles per hour, found most appropriate for
traffic safety between the hours of 3 a.m. and 5 a.m.
   (c) Nothing in this section shall be construed as a limitation or
restriction on the power of the Department of Transportation,
conferred by any other provision of law, to adopt regulations with
regard to the movement of vehicles, including, but not limited to,
tank truck vehicles transporting any cargo specified under
subdivision (a) through the Caldecott Tunnel.
   If, pursuant to any such other law, the Department of
Transportation adopts or amends regulations after the effective date
of this section, which adopted or amended regulations govern the
movement of vehicles subject to subdivision (a), then on the
operative date of those regulations, this section shall no longer be
operative.


31303.  (a) The provisions of this section apply to the highway
transportation of hazardous materials and hazardous waste for which
the display of placards or markings is required pursuant to Section
27903.  This section does not apply to hazardous materials being
transported on specified routes pursuant to Section 31616 or 33000.
   (b) Unless restricted or prohibited pursuant to Section 31304, the
transportation shall be on state or interstate highways which offer
the least overall transit time whenever practicable.
   (c) The transporter shall avoid, whenever practicable, congested
thoroughfares, places where crowds are assembled, and residence
districts as defined in Section 515.
   (d) Vehicles used for the transportation shall not be left
unattended or parked overnight in a residence district as defined in
Section 515.
   (e) When transporting hazardous waste pursuant to Section 25169.3
of the Health and Safety Code, all provisions of the waste hauler
transportation safety plan, as approved by the State Department of
Health Services, shall be complied with.
   (f) Transportation which deviates from the routes required by this
section shall not be excused on the basis of operating convenience.

   (g) Notwithstanding subdivisions (b) and (c), vehicles engaged in
the transportation may also use  any of the following highways:
   (1) Highways which provide necessary access to local pickup or
delivery points consistent with safe vehicle operation.
   (2) Highways which provide reasonable access to fuel, repairs,
rest, or food facilities that are designed and intended to
accommodate commercial vehicle parking, when that access is
consistent with safe vehicle operation and when the facility is
within one-half road mile of points of entry or exit from the state
or interstate highway being used.
   (3) Highways restricted or prohibited pursuant to this section
when no other lawful alternative exists.
   (h) This section shall become operative on January 1, 1987.




31304.  (a) The transportation of hazardous materials and hazardous
waste for which the display of placards or markings is required
pursuant to Section 27903 may be restricted or prohibited, by the
Department of the California Highway Patrol, after consultation with
the Department of Transportation, with regard to state or interstate
highways, or by a city or county by ordinance or resolution, after
formal notice to the Department of the California Highway Patrol and
with the concurrence of their appropriate transportation planning
agency defined in Section 29532 of the Government Code, with regard
to specified highways under their control, if all of the following
requirements are met:
   (1) The respective highway is appreciably less safe than a
reasonable alternate highway as determined by using either of the
following criteria:
   (A) The "Guidelines for Applying Criteria to Designate Routes for
Transporting Hazardous Materials" prepared by the Federal Highway
Administration (FHWA A-IP-80-15).
   (B) The Department of the California Highway Patrol or the city or
county, whichever has jurisdiction pursuant to subdivision (a),
determines that the respective highway is located within the
watershed of a drinking water reservoir which meets all of the
following requirements:
   (i) The reservoir is owned or operated by a public water system,
as defined in Section 116275 of the Health and Safety Code.
   (ii) The reservoir has a capacity of at least 10,000 acre feet.
   (iii) The reservoir directly serves a water treatment plant, as
defined in Section 116275 of the Health and Safety Code.
   (iv) The reservoir is impounded by a dam, as defined in Section
6002 of the Water Code.
   (v) The reservoir's shoreline is located within 500 feet of the
highway.
   (2) The restriction or prohibition on the use of the highway
pursuant to this section is not precluded or preempted by federal
law.
   (3) The restriction or prohibition does not eliminate necessary
access to local pickup or delivery points consistent with safe
vehicle operation; does not eliminate reasonable access to fuel,
repairs, rest, or food facilities that are designed and intended to
accommodate commercial vehicle parking, when that access is
consistent with safe vehicle operation and when the facility is
within one-half road mile of points of entry or exit from the state
or interstate highway being used; or does not restrict or prohibit
the use of highways when no other lawful alternative exists.
   (4) Written concurrence has been obtained from affected
surrounding jurisdictions, including, but not limited to, state
agencies, counties, cities, special districts, or other political
subdivisions of the state, that the proposed restriction or
prohibition is not incompatible with through transportation.  If
written concurrence is not granted by one of the affected surrounding
jurisdictions, that action may be appealed to the appropriate
transportation planning agency for final resolution.
   (5) The highway is posted by the agency responsible for highway
signs on that highway in conformity with standards of the Department
of Transportation.
   (6) A list of the routes restricted or prohibited is submitted to
the Department of the California Highway Patrol.
   (7) The highway is included in a list of highways restricted or
prohibited pursuant to this section which is published by the
Department of the California Highway Patrol and is available to
interested parties for not less than 14 days.
   (b) Notwithstanding any prohibition or restriction adopted
pursuant to subdivision (a), deviation from restricted or prohibited
routes is authorized in an emergency or other special circumstances
with the concurrence of a member of the agency having traffic law
enforcement authority for the highway.



31305.  (a) Upon receipt of a written petition from a local
jurisdiction or motor carrier adversely affected by a restriction or
prohibition adopted pursuant  to Section 31304, the Department of the
California Highway Patrol may preempt any local restriction or
prohibition that, in its opinion, is not compatible with reasonable
and necessary access or the use of highways when no other lawful
alternative exists as provided for in paragraph (3) of subdivision
(a) of that section, or through transportation as provided for in
paragraph (4) of subdivision (a) of that section.
   (b) Upon receipt of a written petition from a local jurisdiction
or motor carrier adversely affected by a preemption issued pursuant
to subdivision (a), the Department of the California Highway Patrol,
after holding a public hearing, shall render a decision upholding or
denying the petition.
   (c) This section shall become operative on January 1, 1987.



31306.  (a) A list of highways restricted or prohibited pursuant to
subdivision (a) of Section 31304 shall be published or updated by the
Department of the California Highway Patrol semiannually.
   (b) This section shall become operative on January 1, 1987.




31307.  (a) It is unlawful for the owner of any vehicle or the
authorized agent of the owner to drive, or to direct or knowingly
permit the driving of, the vehicle in violation of Section 31303 or
31304.  Violation of any of these sections is a misdemeanor
punishable as follows:
   (1) For a first violation, a fine not exceeding five hundred
dollars (0), imprisonment in the county jail not exceeding 60
days, or both the fine and imprisonment.
   (2) For a second violation within a 12-month period, a fine not
exceeding one thousand dollars (,000), imprisonment in the county
jail not exceeding 60 days, or both the fine and imprisonment.
   (3) For a third or subsequent violation within a 12-month period,
a fine not exceeding two thousand five hundred dollars (,500),
imprisonment in the county jail not exceeding 120 days, or both the
fine and imprisonment.
   (b) Additionally, upon recommendation of the Department of the
California Highway Patrol, three or more violations of these sections
constitute grounds for suspension or revocation of registration, or
denial of an application for registration under Section 25163 of the
Health and Safety Code by the State Department of Health Services.
Proceedings in these cases shall be subject to Chapter 5 (commencing
with Section 11500) of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the
Government Code.
   (c) This section shall become operative on January 1, 1987.



31308.  (a) Nothing contained in Section 31303 or 31304 shall be
deemed to exempt any person subject to these sections from other
provisions of this code.
   (b) This section shall become operative on January 1, 1987.



31309.  Notwithstanding Section 34500 and subdivision (a) of Section
34501, the transportation of hazardous materials in a manner
requiring that placards be displayed on the transporting vehicle
pursuant to Section 27903, shall comply with regulations adopted by
the California Highway Patrol pursuant to subdivision (b) of Section
34501.

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