2005 California Vehicle Code Sections 35550-35558 Article 1. Axle Limits

VEHICLE CODE
SECTION 35550-35558

35550.  (a) The gross weight imposed upon the highway by the wheels
on any one axle of a vehicle shall not exceed 20,000 pounds and the
gross weight upon any one wheel, or wheels, supporting one end of an
axle, and resting upon the roadway, shall not exceed 10,500 pounds.
   (b) The gross weight limit provided for weight bearing upon any
one wheel, or wheels, supporting one end of an axle shall not apply
to vehicles the loads of which consist of livestock.
   (c) The maximum wheel load is the lesser of the following:
   (1) The load limit established by the tire manufacturer, as molded
on at least one sidewall of the tire.
   (2) A load of 620 pounds per lateral inch of tire width, as
determined by the manufacturer's rated tire width as molded on at
least one sidewall of the tire for all axles except the steering
axle, in which case paragraph (1) applies.
35551.  (a) Except as otherwise provided in this section or Section
35551.5, the total gross weight in pounds imposed on the highway by
any group of two or more consecutive axles shall not exceed that
given for the respective distance in the following table:
Distance in feet
between the extremes
of any group of 2 or
more consecutive
_________________________________________________
axles                 2 axles   3 axles   4 axles   5 axles   6 axles
  4 ................   34,000    34,000    34,000    34,000    34,000
  5 ................   34,000    34,000    34,000    34,000    34,000
  6 ................   34,000    34,000    34,000    34,000    34,000
  7 ................   34,000    34,000    34,000    34,000    34,000
  8 ................   34,000    34,000    34,000    34,000    34,000
  9 ................   39,000    42,500    42,500    42,500    42,500
10 ................   40,000    43,500    43,500    43,500    43,500
11 ................   40,000    44,000    44,000    44,000    44,000
12 ................   40,000    45,000    50,000    50,000    50,000
13 ................   40,000    45,500    50,500    50,500    50,500
14 ................   40,000    46,500    51,500    51,500    51,500
15 ................   40,000    47,000    52,000    52,000    52,000
16 ................   40,000    48,000    52,500    52,500    52,500
17 ................   40,000    48,500    53,500    53,500    53,500
18 ................   40,000    49,500    54,000    54,000    54,000
19 ................   40,000    50,000    54,500    54,500    54,500
20 ................   40,000    51,000    55,500    55,500    55,500
21 ................   40,000    51,500    56,000    56,000    56,000
22 ................   40,000    52,500    56,500    56,500    56,500
23 ................   40,000    53,000    57,500    57,500    57,500
24 ................   40,000    54,000    58,000    58,000    58,000
25 ................   40,000    54,500    58,500    58,500    58,500
26 ................   40,000    55,500    59,500    59,500    59,500
27 ................   40,000    56,000    60,000    60,000    60,000
28 ................   40,000    57,000    60,500    60,500    60,500
29 ................   40,000    57,500    61,500    61,500    61,500
30 ................   40,000    58,500    62,000    62,000    62,000
31 ................   40,000    59,000    62,500    62,500    62,500
32 ................   40,000    60,000    63,500    63,500    63,500
33 ................   40,000    60,000    64,000    64,000    64,000
34 ................   40,000    60,000    64,500    64,500    64,500
35 ................   40,000    60,000    65,500    65,500    65,500
36 ................   40,000    60,000    66,000    66,000    66,000
37 ................   40,000    60,000    66,500    66,500    66,500
38 ................   40,000    60,000    67,500    67,500    67,500
39 ................   40,000    60,000    68,000    68,000    68,000
40 ................   40,000    60,000    68,500    70,000    70,000
41 ................   40,000    60,000    69,500    72,000    72,000
42 ................   40,000    60,000    70,000    73,280    73,280
43 ................   40,000    60,000    70,500    73,280    73,280
44 ................   40,000    60,000    71,500    73,280    73,280
45 ................   40,000    60,000    72,000    76,000    80,000
46 ................   40,000    60,000    72,500    76,500    80,000
47 ................   40,000    60,000    73,500    77,500    80,000
48 ................   40,000    60,000    74,000    78,000    80,000
49 ................   40,000    60,000    74,500    78,500    80,000
50 ................   40,000    60,000    75,500    79,000    80,000
51 ................   40,000    60,000    76,000    80,000    80,000
52 ................   40,000    60,000    76,500    80,000    80,000
53 ................   40,000    60,000    77,500    80,000    80,000
54 ................   40,000    60,000    78,000    80,000    80,000
55 ................   40,000    60,000    78,500    80,000    80,000
56 ................   40,000    60,000    79,500    80,000    80,000
57 ................   40,000    60,000    80,000    80,000    80,000
58 ................   40,000    60,000    80,000    80,000    80,000
59 ................   40,000    60,000    80,000    80,000    80,000
60 ................   40,000    60,000    80,000    80,000    80,000
   (b) In addition to the weights specified in subdivision (a), two
consecutive sets of tandem axles may carry a gross weight of 34,000
pounds each if the overall distance between the first and last axles
of the consecutive sets of tandem axles is 36 feet or more.  The
gross weight of each set of tandem axles shall not exceed 34,000
pounds and the gross weight of the two consecutive sets of tandem
axles shall not exceed 68,000 pounds.
   (c) The distance between axles shall be measured to the nearest
whole foot.  When a fraction is exactly six inches, the next larger
whole foot shall be used.
   (d) Nothing contained in this section shall affect the right to
prohibit the use of any highway or any bridge or other structure
thereon in the manner and to the extent specified in Article 4
(commencing with Section 35700) and Article 5 (commencing with
Section 35750) of this chapter.
   (e) The gross weight limits expressed by this section and Section
35550 shall include all enforcement tolerances.
35551.5.  (a) The provisions of this section shall apply only to
combinations of vehicles which contain a trailer or semitrailer.
Each vehicle in such combination of vehicles, and every such
combination of vehicles, shall comply with either Section 35551 or
with subdivisions (b), (c), and (d) of this section.
   (b) The gross weight imposed upon the highway by the wheels on any
one axle of a vehicle shall not exceed 18,000 pounds and the gross
weight upon any one wheel, or wheels, supporting one end of an axle
and resting upon the roadway, shall not exceed 9,500 pounds, except
that the gross weight imposed upon the highway by the wheels on any
front steering axle of a motor vehicle shall not exceed 12,500
pounds.  The gross weight limit provided for weight bearing upon any
one wheel, or wheels, supporting one end of an axle shall not apply
to vehicles the loads of which consist of livestock.  The following
vehicles are exempt from the front axle weight limits specified in
this subdivision:
   (1) Trucks transporting vehicles.
   (2) Trucks transporting livestock.
   (3) Dump trucks.
   (4) Cranes.
   (5) Buses.
   (6) Transit mix concrete or cement trucks, and trucks that mix
concrete or cement at, or adjacent to, a jobsite.
   (7) Motor vehicles that are not commercial vehicles.
   (8) Vehicles operated by any public utility furnishing
electricity, gas, water, or telephone service.
   (9)  Trucks or truck tractors with a front axle at least four feet
to the rear of the foremost part of the truck or truck tractor, not
including the front bumper.
   (10) Trucks transporting garbage, rubbish, or refuse.
   (11) Trucks equipped with a fifth wheel when towing a semitrailer.
   (12) Tank trucks which have a cargo capacity of at least 1,500
gallons.
   (13) Trucks transporting bulk grains or bulk livestock feed.
   (c) The total gross weight with load imposed on the highway by any
group of two or more consecutive axles of a vehicle in such
combination of vehicles or of such combination of vehicles where the
distance between the first and last axles of the two or more
consecutive axles is 18 feet or less shall not exceed that given for
the respective distance in the following table:
      Distance in feet                                   Allowed load
in
      between first and                                  pounds on
group
      last axles of group                                   of axles
          4 ............................................      32,000
          5 ............................................      32,000
          6 ............................................      32,200
          7 ............................................      32,900
          8 ............................................      33,600
          9 ............................................      34,300
         10 ............................................      35,000
         11 ............................................      35,700
         12 ............................................      36,400
         13 ............................................      37,100
         14 ............................................      43,200
         15 ............................................      44,000
         16 ............................................      44,800
         17 ............................................      45,600
         18 ............................................      46,400
   (d) The total gross weight with load imposed on the highway by any
vehicle in such combination of vehicles or of such combination of
vehicles where the distance between the first and last axles is more
than 18 feet shall not exceed that given for the respective distances
in the following table:
       Distance                                        Allowed load
       in feet                                          in pounds
          19 ......................................        47,200
          20 ......................................        48,000
          21 ......................................        48,800
          22 ......................................        49,600
          23 ......................................        50,400
          24 ......................................        51,200
          25 ......................................        55,250
          26 ......................................        56,100
          27 ......................................        56,950
          28 ......................................        57,800
          29 ......................................        58,650
          30 ......................................        59,500
          31 ......................................        60,350
          32 ......................................        61,200
          33 ......................................        62,050
          34 ......................................        62,900
          35 ......................................        63,750
          36 ......................................        64,600
          37 ......................................        65,450
          38 ......................................        66,300
          39 ......................................        68,000
          40 ......................................        70,000
          41 ......................................        72,000
          42 ......................................        73,280
          43 ......................................        73,280
          44 ......................................        73,280
          45 ......................................        73,280
          46 ......................................        73,280
          47 ......................................        73,280
          48 ......................................        73,280
          49 ......................................        73,280
          50 ......................................        73,280
          51 ......................................        73,280
          52 ......................................        73,600
          53 ......................................        74,400
          54 ......................................        75,200
          55 ......................................        76,000
          56 or over ..............................        76,800
   (e) The distance between axles shall be measured to the nearest
whole foot.  When a fraction is exactly six inches, the next larger
whole foot shall be used.
   (f) The gross weight limits expressed by this section shall
include all enforcement tolerances.
   (g) Nothing in this section shall affect the right to prohibit the
use of any highway or any bridge or other structure thereon in the
manner and to the extent specified in Article 4 (commencing with
Section 35700) and Article 5 (commencing with Section 35750) of
Chapter 5 of Division 15.
   (h) The Legislature, in enacting this section, does not intend to
increase, and this section shall not be construed to allow, statutory
weights any greater than existed prior to January 1, 1976.
35552.  (a) This section applies only to trucks and vehicle
combinations while transporting loads composed solely of logs.
   (b) One set of tandem axles of such a truck or vehicle combination
shall be deemed to be in compliance with Section 35551 if the total
gross weight of 34,000 pounds on such a set that is permitted by
Section 35551 is not exceeded by more than 1,500 pounds.  In
addition, such a truck and vehicle combination that has two
consecutive sets of tandem axles shall be deemed to be in compliance
with Section 35551 if such consecutive sets of tandem axles do not
carry a combined total gross weight of more than 69,000 pounds, if
the total gross weight on any one such set does not exceed 35,500
pounds, and if the overall distance between the first and last axle
of such consecutive sets of tandem axles is 34 feet or more.  All
such truck and vehicle combinations shall be subject to all other
provisions of Section 35551 or any other provision made applicable to
the total gross weight of such a truck or vehicle combination in
lieu of Section 35551.
   (c) The gross weight limits expressed in this section shall
include all enforcement tolerances.
   (d) If any total gross weight permitted by this section is
exceeded, the allowed weight in pounds set forth in subdivision (a)
of Section 35551 shall be the maximum permitted weight for purposes
of determining the amount of fine for such violation as specified in
the table in Section 42030; except that, whenever the violation is
for exceeding the total gross weight for two consecutive sets of
tandem axles, and if the overall distance between the first and last
axle of such sets is 34 feet or more, the allowed weight on the two
consecutive sets shall be 68,000 pounds.
   (e) This section shall have no application to highways which are a
part of the National System of Interstate and Defense Highways (as
referred to in subdivision (a) of Section 108 of the Federal-aid
Highway Act of 1956).
   This section may be cited as the Christensen-Belotti Act.
35553.  The provisions of this article shall not apply to any
vehicle in the immediate vicinity of an unloading or loading area
while actually preparing for or in the process of unloading or
loading, provided any overload is incidental to and necessitated by
such action; and provided that such action does not occur on a bridge
or highway structure.
   This section shall have no application to highways which are a
part of the national system of interstate and defense highways (as
referred to in subdivision (a) of Section 108 of the Federal-aid
Highway Act of 1956).
35554.  Notwithstanding Section 35550, the gross weight on any one
axle of a bus shall not exceed 20,500 pounds.
35555.  (a) During the period commencing September 15 of each year
and ending March 15 of the following year, the weight limitations of
Section 35551 do not apply to any cotton module mover or any truck
tractor pulling a semitrailer that is a cotton module mover, when
operated as follows:
   (1) Laterally across a state highway at grade of the state
highway.
   (2) Upon any county highway within the Counties of Butte, Colusa,
Fresno, Glenn, Imperial, Kern, Kings, Madera, Merced, Riverside,
Sacramento, San Benito, San Bernardino, San Joaquin, Stanislaus,
Sutter, Tehama, Tulare, Yolo, and Yuba, except as prohibited or
limited on county highways or portions thereof by resolution of the
county board of supervisors having jurisdiction.
   (b) A cotton module mover may be operated upon a state highway
within the counties  and during the period set forth in subdivision
(a) if all of the following are met:
   (1) The operator is in possession of a driver's license of the
class required for operation of the mover.
   (2) The mover is operated in compliance with Sections 24002 and
24012; Article 1 (commencing with Section 24250) of, Article 3
(commencing with Section 24600) of, Article 4 (commencing with
Section 24800) of, Article 5 (commencing with Section 24950) of,
Article 6 (commencing with 25100) of, Article 9 (commencing with
25350) of, Article 11 (commencing with 25450) of, Chapter 2 of
Division 12; and Article 2 (commencing with 26450) and Article 3
(commencing with 26502) of Chapter 3 of Division 12.
   (3) The mover does not exceed the maximum allowable gross axle
weight for tandem axles set forth in Section 35551 by more than 6,000
pounds.
   (4) The operator of a mover that exceeds the maximum allowable
gross axle weight for tandem axle vehicles as set forth in Section
35551 shall possess a commercial driver's license as defined in
subdivision (a) of Section 15210.
   (c) This section does not apply to those highways designated by
the United States Department of Transportation as national network
routes.
35557.  (a) Only upon request to, and approval by, and in accordance
with regulations adopted by, the Director of Food and Agriculture,
all of the following are available for inspection by district
attorneys and are subject to legal process for admission in any
criminal or civil proceeding arising out of a violation of this
chapter:
   (1) Vehicle weight certificates issued on or after January 1,
1984, pursuant to Chapter 7 (commencing with Section 12700), Chapter
7.3 (commencing with Section 12740), and Chapter 7.7 (commencing with
Section 12770) of Division 5 of the Business and Professions Code.
   (2) Other records of vehicle weight relating to those
certificates.
   (3) Copies of those certificates and records.
   (b) All certificates, records, and copies thereof, issued before
January 1, 1984, shall not be available for inspection and are not
admissible in any criminal or civil proceedings arising out of a
violation of this chapter.
35558.  Any person or business which has an axle weight scale at its
loading facilities shall, upon the request of the driver, weigh any
load being transported for that person or business before the vehicle
leaves the loading facility.  In a port facility, this requirement
only applies if the scale is located in outbound lanes.  The request
to weigh shall be based upon a reasonable assumption that the load is
overweight.


Disclaimer: These codes may not be the most recent version. California may have more current or accurate information. We make no warranties or guarantees about the accuracy, completeness, or adequacy of the information contained on this site or the information linked to on the state site. Please check official sources.