2005 California Vehicle Code Sections 23300-23303 Article 3. Tolls and Other Charges

VEHICLE CODE
SECTION 23300-23303

23300.  The Department of Transportation shall erect appropriate
signs at each entrance to a vehicular crossing to notify traffic that
it is entering upon a vehicular crossing.
23301.  Every vehicle which enters into or upon any vehicular
crossing immediately becomes liable for such tolls and other charges
as may from time to time be prescribed by the California
Transportation Commission.
23302.  (a) It is unlawful for any person to refuse to pay tolls or
other charges on any vehicular crossing or toll highway.  It is prima
facie evidence of a violation of this section for any person to
enter upon any vehicular crossing without either lawful money of the
United States in the person's immediate possession in an amount
sufficient to pay the prescribed tolls or other charges due from that
person or transponder or other electronic toll payment device
associated with a valid Automatic Vehicle Identification account with
a balance sufficient to pay those tolls.
   (b) For vehicular crossings and toll highways that uses electronic
toll collection as the only method of paying tolls or other charges,
it is prima facie evidence of a violation of this section for any
person to enter the vehicular crossing or toll highway without a
transponder or other electronic toll payment device associated with a
valid Automatic Vehicle Identification account with a balance
sufficient to pay those tolls.  If a transponder or other electronic
toll payment device is used to pay tolls or other charges due, the
device shall be located in, or on the vehicle in a location so as to
be visible for the purpose of enforcement at all times when the
vehicle is located on the vehicular crossing or toll highway.  Where
required by the operator of a vehicular crossing or toll highway,
this requirement applies even if the operator offers free travel or
nontoll accounts to certain classes of users.
23302.5.  (a) No person shall evade or attempt to evade the payment
of tolls or other charges on any vehicular crossing or toll highway.
   (b) A violation of subdivision (a) is subject to civil penalties
and is neither an infraction nor a public offense, as defined in
Section 15 of the Penal Code.  The enforcement of those civil
penalties shall be governed by the civil administrative procedures
set forth in Article 4 (commencing with Section 40250) of Chapter 1
of Division 17.
23303.  The Department of Transportation shall have a lien and may
enforce such lien, as provided in Chapter 6.5 (commencing with
Section 3067) of Title 14 of Part 4 of Division 3 of the Civil Code,
for all tolls and charges provided by this chapter.


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