2005 California Penal Code Sections 403-420.1 TITLE 11. OF CRIMES AGAINST THE PUBLIC PEACE

PENAL CODE
SECTION 403-420.1

403.  Every person who, without authority of law, willfully disturbs
or breaks up any assembly or meeting that is not unlawful in its
character, other than an assembly or meeting referred to in Section
302 of the Penal Code or Section 18340 of the Elections Code, is
guilty of a misdemeanor.
404.  (a) Any use of force or violence, disturbing the public peace,
or any threat to use force or violence, if accompanied by immediate
power of execution, by two or more persons acting together, and
without authority of law, is a riot.
   (b) As used in this section, disturbing the public peace may occur
in any place of confinement.  Place of confinement means any state
prison, county jail, industrial farm, or road camp, or any city jail,
industrial farm, or road camp, or any juvenile hall, juvenile camp,
juvenile ranch, or juvenile forestry camp.
404.6.  (a) Every person who with the intent to cause a riot does an
act or engages in conduct that urges a riot, or urges others to
commit acts of force or violence, or the burning or destroying of
property, and at a time and place and under circumstances that
produce a clear and present and immediate danger of acts of force or
violence or the burning or destroying of property, is guilty of
incitement to riot.
   (b) Incitement to riot is punishable by a fine not exceeding one
thousand dollars ($1,000), or by imprisonment in a county jail not
exceeding one year, or by both that fine and imprisonment.
   (c) Every person who incites any riot in the state prison or a
county jail that results in serious bodily injury, shall be punished
by either imprisonment in a county jail for not more than one year,
or imprisonment in the state prison.
   (d) The existence of any fact that would bring a person under
subdivision (c) shall be alleged in the complaint, information, or
indictment and either admitted by the defendant in open court, or
found to be true by the jury trying the issue of guilt, by the court
where guilt is established by a plea of guilty or nolo contendere, or
by trial by the court sitting without a jury.
405.  Every person who participates in any riot is punishable by a
fine not exceeding one thousand dollars, or by imprisonment in a
county jail not exceeding one year, or by both such fine and
imprisonment.
405a.  The taking by means of a riot of any person from the lawful
custody of any peace officer is a lynching.
405b.  Every person who participates in any lynching is punishable
by imprisonment in the state prison for two, three or four years.
406.  Whenever two or more persons, assembled and acting together,
make any attempt or advance toward the commission of an act which
would be a riot if actually committed, such assembly is a rout.
407.  Whenever two or more persons assemble together to do an
unlawful act, or do a lawful act in a violent, boisterous, or
tumultuous manner, such assembly is an unlawful assembly.
408.  Every person who participates in any rout or unlawful assembly
is guilty of a misdemeanor.
409.  Every person remaining present at the place of any riot, rout,
or unlawful assembly, after the same has been lawfully warned to
disperse, except public officers and persons assisting them in
attempting to disperse the same, is guilty of a misdemeanor.
409.3.  Whenever law enforcement officers and emergency medical
technicians are at the scene of an accident, management of the scene
of the accident shall be vested in the appropriate law enforcement
agency, whose representative shall consult with representatives of
other response agencies at the scene to ensure that all appropriate
resources are properly utilized.  However, authority for patient care
management at the scene of an accident shall be determined in
accordance with Section 1798.6 of the Health and Safety Code.
   For purposes of this section, "management of the scene of an
accident" means the coordination of operations which occur at the
location of an accident.
409.5.  (a) Whenever a menace to the public health or safety is
created by a calamity including a flood, storm, fire, earthquake,
explosion, accident, or other disaster, officers of the Department of
the California Highway Patrol, police departments, marshal's office
or sheriff's office, any officer or employee of the Department of
Forestry and Fire Protection designated a peace officer by
subdivision (g) of Section 830.2, any officer or employee of the
Department of Parks and Recreation designated a peace officer by
subdivision (f) of Section 830.2, any officer or employee of the
Department of Fish and Game designated a peace officer under
subdivision (e) of Section 830.2, and any publicly employed full-time
lifeguard or publicly employed full-time marine safety officer while
acting in a supervisory position in the performance of his or her
official duties, may close the area where the menace exists for the
duration thereof by means of ropes, markers, or guards to any and all
persons not authorized by the lifeguard or officer to enter or
remain within the enclosed area.  If the calamity creates an
immediate menace to the public health, the local health officer may
close the area where the menace exists pursuant to the conditions set
forth in this section.
   (b) Officers of the Department of the California Highway Patrol,
police departments, marshal's office or sheriff's office, officers of
the Department of Fish and Game designated as peace officers by
subdivision (e) of Section 830.2, or officers of the Department of
Forestry and Fire Protection designated as peace officers by
subdivision (g) of Section 830.2 may close the immediate area
surrounding any emergency field command post or any other command
post activated for the purpose of abating any calamity enumerated in
this section or any riot or other civil disturbance to any and all
unauthorized persons pursuant to the conditions set forth in this
section whether or not the field command post or other command post
is located near to the actual calamity or riot or other civil
disturbance.
   (c) Any unauthorized person who willfully and knowingly enters an
area closed pursuant to subdivision (a) or (b) and who willfully
remains within the area after receiving notice to evacuate or leave
shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.
   (d) Nothing in this section shall prevent a duly authorized
representative of any news service, newspaper, or radio or television
station or network from entering the areas closed pursuant to this
section.
409.6.  (a) Whenever a menace to the public health or safety is
created by an avalanche, officers of the Department of the California
Highway Patrol, police departments, or sheriff's offices, any
officer or employee of the Department of Forestry and Fire Protection
designated a peace officer by subdivision (g) of Section 830.2, and
any officer or employee of the Department of Parks and Recreation
designated a peace officer by subdivision (f) of Section 830.2, may
close the area where the menace exists for the duration thereof by
means of ropes, markers, or guards to any and all persons not
authorized by that officer to enter or remain within the closed area.
  If an avalanche creates an immediate menace to the public health,
the local health officer may close the area where the menace exists
pursuant to the conditions which are set forth above in this section.
   (b) Officers of the Department of the California Highway Patrol,
police departments, or sheriff's offices, or officers of the
Department of Forestry and Fire Protection designated as peace
officers by subdivision (g) of Section 830.2, may close the immediate
area surrounding any emergency field command post or any other
command post activated for the purpose of abating hazardous
conditions created by an avalanche to any and all unauthorized
persons pursuant to the conditions which are set forth in this
section whether or not that field command post or other command post
is located near the avalanche.
   (c) Any unauthorized person who willfully and knowingly enters an
area closed pursuant to subdivision (a) or (b) and who willfully
remains within that area, or any unauthorized person who willfully
remains within an area closed pursuant to subdivision (a) or (b),
after receiving notice to evacuate or leave from a peace officer
named in subdivision (a) or (b), shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.
If necessary, a peace officer named in subdivision (a) or (b) may use
reasonable force to remove from the closed area any unauthorized
person who willfully remains within that area after receiving notice
to evacuate or leave.
   (d) Nothing in this section shall prevent a duly authorized
representative of any news service, newspaper, or radio or television
station or network from entering the areas closed pursuant to this
section.
410.  If a magistrate or officer, having notice of an unlawful or
riotous assembly, mentioned in this Chapter, neglects to proceed to
the place of assembly, or as near thereto as he can with safety, and
to exercise the authority with which he is invested for suppressing
the same and arresting the offenders, he is guilty of a misdemeanor.
412.  Any person, who, within this state, engages in, or instigates,
aids, encourages, or does any act to further, a pugilistic contest,
or fight, or ring or prize fight, or sparring or boxing exhibition,
taking or to take place either within or without this state, between
two or more persons, with or without gloves, for any price, reward or
compensation, directly or indirectly, or who goes into training
preparatory to such pugilistic contest, or fight, or ring or prize
fight, or sparring or boxing exhibition, or acts as aider, abettor,
backer, umpire, referee, trainer, second, surgeon, or assistant, at
such pugilistic contest, or fight, or ring or prize fight, or
sparring or boxing exhibition, or who sends or publishes a challenge
or acceptance of a challenge, or who knowingly carries or delivers
such challenge or acceptance, or who gives or takes or receives any
tickets, tokens, prize, money, or thing of value, from any person or
persons, for the purpose of seeing or witnessing any such pugilistic
contest, or fight, or ring or prize fight, or sparring or boxing
exhibition, or who, being the owner, lessee, agent, or occupant of
any vessel, building, hotel, room, enclosure or ground, or any part
thereof, whether for gain, hire, reward or gratuitously or otherwise,
permits the same to be used or occupied for such a pugilistic
contest, or fight, or ring or prize fight, or sparring or boxing
exhibition, or who lays, makes, offers or accepts, a bet or bets, or
wager or wagers, upon the result or any feature of any pugilistic
contest, or fight, or ring or prize fight, or sparring or boxing
exhibition, or acts as stakeholder of any such bet or bets, or wager
or wagers, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction
thereof, shall be fined not less than one hundred dollars nor more
than one thousand dollars and be imprisoned in the county jail not
less than thirty days nor exceeding one year; provided, however, that
amateur boxing exhibitions may be held within this state, of a
limited number of rounds, not exceeding four of the duration of three
minutes each; the interval between each round shall be one minute,
and the contestants weighing one hundred and forty-five pounds or
over shall wear gloves of not less than eight ounces each in weight,
and contestants weighing under one hundred and forty-five pounds may
wear gloves of not less than six ounces each in weight.  All gloves
used by contestants in such amateur boxing exhibitions shall be so
constructed, as that the soft padding between the outside coverings
shall be evenly distributed over the back of said gloves and cover
the knuckles and back of the hands.  And no bandages of any kind
shall be used on the hands or arms of the contestants.  For the
purpose of this statute an amateur boxing exhibition shall be and is
hereby defined as one in which no contestant has received or shall
receive in any form, directly or indirectly, any money, prize, reward
or compensation either for the expenses of training for such contest
or for taking part therein, except as herein expressly provided.
Nor shall any person appear as contestant in such amateur exhibition
who prior thereto has received any compensation or reward in any form
for displaying, exercising or giving any example of his skill in or
knowledge of athletic exercises, or for rendering services of any
kind to any athletic organization or to any person or persons as
trainer, coach, instructor or otherwise, or who shall have been
employed in any manner professionally by reason of his athletic skill
or knowledge; provided, however, that a medal or trophy may be
awarded to each contestant in such amateur boxing exhibitions, not to
exceed in value the sum of $35.00 each, which such medal or trophy
must have engraved thereon the name of the winner and the date of the
event; but no portion of any admission fee or fees charged or
received for any amateur boxing exhibition shall be paid or given to
any contestant in such amateur boxing exhibition, either directly or
indirectly, nor shall any gift be given to or received by such
contestants for participating in such boxing exhibition, except said
medal or trophy.  At every amateur boxing exhibition held in this
state and permitted by this section of the Penal Code, any sheriff,
constable, marshal, policeman or other peace officer of the city,
county or other political subdivision, where such exhibition is being
held, shall have the right to, and it is hereby declared to be his
duty to stop such exhibition, whenever it shall appear to him that
the contestants are so unevenly matched or for any other reason, the
said contestants have been, or either of them, has been seriously
injured or there is danger that said contestants, or either of them,
will be seriously injured if such contest continues, and he may call
to his assistance in enforcing his order to stop said exhibition, as
many peace officers or male citizens of the state as may be necessary
for that purpose.  Provided, further, that any contestant who shall
continue to participate in such exhibition after an order to stop
such exhibition shall have been given by such peace officer, or who
shall violate any of the regulations herein prescribed, for governing
amateur boxing exhibitions, shall be deemed guilty of violating this
section of the Penal Code and subject to the punishment herein
provided.
   Nothing in this section contained shall be construed to prevent
any county, city and county, or incorporated city or town from
prohibiting, by ordinance, the holding or conducting of any boxing
exhibition, or any person from engaging in any such boxing exhibition
therein.
413.  Every person wilfully present as spectator at any fight or
contention prohibited in the preceding section, is guilty of a
misdemeanor.
   An information may be laid before any of the magistrates mentioned
in section eight hundred and eight of this code, that a person has
taken steps toward promoting or participating in a contemplated
pugilistic contest, or fight, or ring or prize fight, or sparring or
boxing exhibition, prohibited under the provision of section four
hundred and twelve of this code, or is about to commit an offense
under said section four hundred and twelve.  When said information is
laid before said magistrate, he must examine, on oath, the informer,
and any witness or witnesses he may produce, and must take their
depositions in writing and cause them to be subscribed by the parties
making them.  If it appears from the deposition that there is just
reason to fear the commission of the offense contemplated by the
person so informed against, the magistrate must issue a warrant
directed generally to the sheriff of the county, or any constable,
marshal, or policeman in the state, reciting the substance of the
information and commanding the officer forthwith to arrest the person
informed against and bring him before the magistrate.  When the
person informed against is brought before the magistrate, if the
charge be controverted, the magistrate must take testimony in
relation thereto.  The evidence must be reduced to writing and
subscribed by the witnesses.  If it appears there is no just reason
to fear the commission of the offense alleged to have been
contemplated, the person complained against must be discharged.  If,
however, there is just reason to fear the commission of the offense,
the person complained of must be required to enter into an
undertaking in such sum, not less than three thousand dollars, as the
magistrate may direct, with one or more sufficient sureties,
conditioned that such person will not, for a period of one year
thereafter, commit any such contemplated offense.
4131/2.  Any person or persons holding, or conducting, or
participating in, or present as a spectator, at any boxing exhibition
held on Memorial Day, May 30, or on Sundays, shall be guilty of a
misdemeanor, and upon conviction thereof, shall be punished by fine
not exceeding five hundred dollars or by imprisonment in the county
jail not exceeding six months, or by both such fine and imprisonment.
414.  Every person who leaves this state with intent to evade any of
the provisions of Section 412 or 413, and to commit any act out of
this state such as is  prohibited by them, and who does any act which
would be punishable under these provisions if committed within this
state, is punishable in the same manner as he or she would have been
in case such act had been committed within this state.
414a.  No person, otherwise competent as a witness, is disqualified
from testifying as such, concerning any offense under this act, on
the ground that such testimony may incriminate himself, but no
prosecution can afterwards be had against him for any offense
concerning which he testified.  The provisions of section 1111 of the
Penal Code of this state are not applicable to any prosecutions
brought under the provisions of this act.
415.  Any of the following persons shall be punished by imprisonment
in the county jail for a period of not more than 90 days, a fine of
not more than four hundred dollars ($400), or both such imprisonment
and fine:
   (1) Any person who unlawfully fights in a public place or
challenges another person in a public place to fight.
   (2) Any person who maliciously and willfully disturbs another
person by loud and unreasonable noise.
   (3) Any person who uses offensive words in a public place which
are inherently likely to provoke an immediate violent reaction.
415.5.  (a) Any person who (1) unlawfully fights within any building
or upon the grounds of any school, community college, university, or
state university  or challenges another person within any building
or upon the grounds to fight,  or (2) maliciously and willfully
disturbs another person within any of these buildings or upon the
grounds by loud and unreasonable noise, or (3) uses offensive words
within any of these buildings or upon the grounds which are
inherently likely to provoke an immediate violent reaction is guilty
of a misdemeanor  punishable by a fine not exceeding four hundred
dollars ($400) or by imprisonment in the county jail for a period of
not more than 90 days, or both.
   (b) If the defendant has been previously convicted once of a
violation of this section or of any offense defined in Chapter 1
(commencing with Section 626) of Title 15 of Part 1, the defendant
shall be sentenced to imprisonment in the county jail for a period of
not less than 10 days or more than six months, or by both that
imprisonment and a fine of not exceeding one thousand dollars
($1,000), and shall not be released on probation, parole, or any
other basis until not less than 10 days of imprisonment has been
served.
   (c) If the defendant has been previously convicted two or more
times of a violation of this section or of any offense defined in
Chapter 1 (commencing with Section 626) of Title 15 of Part 1, the
defendant shall be sentenced to imprisonment in the county jail for a
period of not less than 90 days or more than six months, or by both
that imprisonment and a fine of not exceeding one thousand dollars
($1,000), and shall not be released on probation, parole, or any
other basis until not less  than 90 days of imprisonment has been
served.
   (d) For the purpose of determining the penalty to be imposed
pursuant to this  section, the court may consider a written report
from the Department of Justice containing information from its
records showing prior convictions; and the communication is prima
facie evidence of such convictions, if the defendant admits them,
regardless of whether or not the complaint commencing the proceedings
has alleged prior convictions.
   (e) As used in this section "state university," "university,"
"community college,"  and "school" have the same meaning as these
terms are given in Section 626.
   (f) This section shall not apply to any person who is a registered
student of  the school, or to any person who is engaged in any
otherwise lawful employee concerted activity.
416.  (a) If two or more persons assemble for the purpose of
disturbing the public peace, or committing any unlawful act, and do
not disperse on being desired or commanded so to do by a public
officer, the persons so offending are severally guilty of a
misdemeanor.
   (b) Any person who, as a result of violating subdivision (a),
personally causes damage to real or personal property, which is
either publicly or privately owned, shall make restitution for the
damage he or she caused, including, but not limited to, the costs of
cleaning up, repairing, replacing, or restoring the property.  Any
restitution required to be paid pursuant to this subdivision shall be
paid directly to the victim.  If the court determines that the
defendant is unable to pay restitution, the court shall order the
defendant to perform community service, as the court deems
appropriate, in lieu of the direct restitution payment.
   (c) This section shall not preclude the court from imposing
restitution in the form of a penalty assessment pursuant to Section
1464 if the court, in its discretion, deems that additional
restitution appropriate.
   (d) The burden of proof on the issue of whether any defendant or
defendants personally caused any property damage shall rest with the
prosecuting agency or claimant.  In no event shall the burden of
proof on this issue shift to the defendant or any of several
defendants to prove that he or she was not responsible for the
property damage.
417.  (a) (1) Every person who, except in self-defense, in the
presence of any other person, draws or exhibits any deadly weapon
whatsoever, other than a firearm, in a rude, angry, or threatening
manner, or who in any manner, unlawfully uses a deadly weapon other
than a firearm in any fight or quarrel is guilty of a misdemeanor,
punishable by imprisonment in a county jail for not less than 30
days.
   (2) Every person who, except in self-defense, in the presence of
any other person, draws or exhibits any firearm, whether loaded or
unloaded, in a rude, angry, or threatening manner, or who in any
manner, unlawfully uses a firearm in any fight or quarrel is
punishable as follows:
   (A) If the violation occurs in a public place and the firearm is a
pistol, revolver, or other firearm capable of being concealed upon
the person, by imprisonment in a county jail for not less than three
months and not more than one year, by a fine not to exceed one
thousand dollars ($1,000), or by both that fine and imprisonment.
   (B) In all cases other than that set forth in subparagraph (A), a
misdemeanor, punishable by imprisonment in a county jail for not less
than three months.
   (b) Every person who, except in self-defense, in the presence of
any other person, draws or exhibits any loaded firearm in a rude,
angry, or threatening manner, or who, in any manner, unlawfully uses
any loaded firearm in any fight or quarrel upon the grounds of any
day care center, as defined in Section 1596.76 of the Health and
Safety Code, or any facility where programs, including day care
programs or recreational programs, are being conducted for persons
under 18 years of age, including programs conducted by a nonprofit
organization, during the hours in which the center or facility is
open for use, shall be punished by imprisonment in the state prison
for 16 months, or two or three years, or by imprisonment in a county
jail for not less than three months, nor more than one year.
   (c) Every person who, in the immediate presence of a peace
officer, draws or exhibits any firearm, whether loaded or unloaded,
in a rude, angry, or threatening manner, and who knows, or reasonably
should know, by the officer's uniformed appearance or other action
of identification by the officer, that he or she is a peace officer
engaged in the performance of his or her duties, and that peace
officer is engaged in the performance of his or her duties, shall be
punished by imprisonment in a county jail for not less than nine
months and not to exceed one year, or in the state prison.
   (d) Except where a different penalty applies, every person who
violates this section when the other person is in the process of
cleaning up graffiti or vandalism is guilty of a misdemeanor,
punishable by imprisonment in a county jail for not less than three
months nor more than one year.
   (e) As used in this section, "peace officer" means any person
designated as a peace officer pursuant to Chapter 4.5 (commencing
with Section 830) of Title 3 of Part 2.
   (f) As used in this section, "public place" means any of the
following:
   (1) A public place in an incorporated city.
   (2) A public street in an incorporated city.
   (3) A public street in an unincorporated area.
417.25.  (a) Every person who, except in self-defense, aims or
points a laser scope, as defined in subdivision (b), or a laser
pointer, as defined in subdivision (c), at another person in a
threatening manner with the specific intent to cause a reasonable
person fear of bodily harm is guilty of a misdemeanor, punishable by
imprisonment in a county jail for up to 30 days.  For purposes of
this section, the laser scope need not be attached to a firearm.
   (b) As used in this section, "laser scope" means a portable
battery-powered device capable of being attached to a firearm and
capable of projecting a laser light on objects at a distance.
   (c) As used in this section, "laser pointer" means any hand held
laser beam device or demonstration laser product that emits a single
point of light amplified by the stimulated emission of radiation that
is visible to the human eye.
417.26.  (a) Any person who aims or points a laser scope as defined
in subdivision (b) of Section 417.25, or a laser pointer, as defined
in subdivision (c) of that section, at a peace officer with the
specific intent to cause the officer apprehension or fear of bodily
harm and who knows or reasonably should know that the person at whom
he or she is aiming or pointing is a peace officer, is guilty of a
misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment in a county jail for a term
not exceeding six months.
   (b) Any person who commits a second or subsequent violation of
subdivision (a) shall be punished by imprisonment in a county jail
for not more than one year.
417.27.  (a) No person, corporation, firm, or business entity of any
kind shall knowingly sell a laser pointer to a person 17 years of
age or younger, unless he or she is accompanied and supervised by a
parent, legal guardian, or any other adult 18 years of age or older.
   (b) No student shall possess a laser pointer on any elementary or
secondary school premises unless possession of a laser pointer on the
elementary or secondary school premises is for a valid instructional
or other school-related purpose, including employment.
   (c) No person shall direct the beam from a laser pointer directly
or indirectly into the eye or eyes of another person or into a moving
vehicle with the intent to harass or annoy the other person or the
occupants of the moving vehicle.
   (d) No person shall direct the beam from a laser pointer directly
or indirectly into the eye or eyes of a guide dog, signal dog,
service dog, or dog being used by a peace officer with the intent to
harass or annoy the animal.
   (e) A violation of subdivision (a), (b), (c), or (d) shall be an
infraction that is punished by either a fine of fifty dollars ($50)
or four hours of community service, and a second or subsequent
violation of any of these subdivisions shall be an infraction that is
punished by either a fine of one hundred dollars ($100) or eight
hours of community service.
   (f) As used in this section, "laser pointer" has the same meaning
as set forth in subdivision (c) of Section 417.25.
   (g) As used in this section, "guide dog," "signal dog," and
"service dog," respectively, have the same meaning as set forth in
subdivisions (d), (e), and (f) of Section 365.5.
417.3.  Every person who, except in self-defense, in the presence of
any other person who is an occupant of a motor vehicle proceeding on
a public street or highway, draws or exhibits any firearm, whether
loaded or unloaded, in a threatening manner against another person in
such a way as to cause a reasonable person apprehension or fear of
bodily harm is guilty of a felony punishable by imprisonment in the
state prison for 16 months or two or three years or by imprisonment
for 16 months or two or three years and a three thousand dollar
($3,000) fine.
   Nothing in this section shall preclude or prohibit prosecution
under any other statute.
417.4.  Every person who, except in self-defense, draws or exhibits
an imitation firearm, as defined in Section 12550, in a threatening
manner against another in such a way as to cause a reasonable person
apprehension or fear of bodily harm is guilty of a misdemeanor
punishable by imprisonment in a county jail for a term of not less
than 30 days.
417.6.  (a) If, in the commission of a violation of Section 417 or
417.8, serious bodily injury is intentionally inflicted by the person
drawing or exhibiting the firearm or deadly weapon, the offense
shall be punished by imprisonment in the county jail not exceeding
one year or by imprisonment in the state prison.
   (b) As used in this section, "serious bodily injury" means a
serious impairment of physical condition, including, but not limited
to, the following:  loss of consciousness; concussion; bone fracture;
protracted loss or impairment of function of any bodily member or
organ; a wound requiring extensive suturing; and serious
disfigurement.
   (c) When a person is convicted of a violation of Section 417 or
417.8 and the deadly weapon or firearm used by the person is owned by
that person, the court shall order that the weapon or firearm be
deemed a nuisance and disposed of in the manner provided by Section
12028.
417.8.  Every person who draws or exhibits any firearm, whether
loaded or unloaded, or other deadly weapon, with the intent to resist
or prevent the arrest or detention of himself or another by a peace
officer shall be imprisoned in the state prison for two, three, or
four years.
418.  Every person using or procuring, encouraging or assisting
another to use, any force or violence in entering upon or detaining
any lands or other possessions of another, except in the cases and in
the manner allowed by law, is guilty of a misdemeanor.
419.  Every person who has been removed from any lands by process of
law, or who has removed from any lands pursuant to the lawful
adjudication or direction of any Court, tribunal, or officer, and who
afterwards unlawfully returns to settle, reside upon, or take
possession of such lands, is guilty of a misdemeanor.
420.  Every person who unlawfully prevents, hinders, or obstructs
any person from peaceably entering upon or establishing a settlement
or residence on any tract of public land of the United States within
the State of California, subject to settlement or entry under any of
the public land laws of the United States; or who unlawfully hinders,
prevents, or obstructs free passage over or through the public lands
of the United States within the State of California, for the purpose
of entry, settlement, or residence, as aforesaid, is guilty of a
misdemeanor.
420.1.  Anyone who willfully and knowingly prevents, hinders, or
obstructs any person from entering, passing over, or leaving land in
which that person enjoys, either personally or as an agent, guest,
licensee, successor-in-interest, or contractor, a right to enter,
use, cross, or inspect the property pursuant to an easement,
covenant, license, profit, or other interest in the land, is guilty
of an infraction punishable by a fine not to exceed five hundred
dollars ($500), provided that the interest to be exercised has been
duly recorded with the county recorder's office. This section shall
not apply to the following persons:  (1) any person engaged in lawful
labor union activities that are permitted to be carried out by state
or federal law; or (2) any person who is engaging in activities
protected by the California Constitution or the United States
Constitution.


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