2005 California Penal Code Sections 30-33 TITLE 2. OF PARTIES TO CRIME


30.  The parties to crimes are classified as:
   1. Principals; and,
   2. Accessories.
31.  All persons concerned in the commission of a crime, whether it
be felony or misdemeanor, and whether they directly commit the act
constituting the offense, or aid and abet in its commission, or, not
being present, have advised and encouraged its commission, and all
persons counseling, advising, or encouraging children under the age
of fourteen years, lunatics or idiots, to commit any crime, or who,
by fraud, contrivance, or force, occasion the drunkenness of another
for the purpose of causing him to commit any crime, or who, by
threats, menaces, command, or coercion, compel another to commit any
crime, are principals in any crime so committed.
32.  Every person who, after a felony has been committed, harbors,
conceals or aids a principal in such felony, with the intent that
said principal may avoid or escape from arrest, trial, conviction or
punishment, having knowledge that said principal has committed such
felony or has been charged with such felony or convicted thereof, is
an accessory to such felony.
33.  Except in cases where a different punishment is prescribed, an
accessory is punishable by a fine not exceeding five thousand dollars
($5,000), or by imprisonment in the state prison, or in a county
jail not exceeding one year, or by both such fine and imprisonment.

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