2005 California Elections Code Sections 18320-18323 Article 3. Deceptive Online Activities

SECTION 18320-18323

18320.  (a) This act shall be known and may be cited as the
"California Political Cyberfraud Abatement Act."
   (b) It is unlawful for a person, with intent to mislead, deceive,
or defraud, to commit an act of political cyberfraud.
   (c) As used in this section:
   (1) "Political cyberfraud" means a knowing and willful act
concerning a political Web site that is committed with the intent to
deny a person access to a political Web site, deny a person the
opportunity to register a domain name for a political Web site, or
cause a person reasonably to believe that a political Web site has
been posted by a person other than the person who posted the Web
site, and would cause a reasonable person, after reading the Web
site, to believe the site actually represents the views of the
proponent or opponent of a ballot measure.  Political cyberfraud
includes, but is not limited to, any of the following acts:
   (A) Intentionally diverting or redirecting access to a political
Web site to another person's Web site by the use of a similar domain
name, meta-tags, or other electronic measures.
   (B) Intentionally preventing or denying exit from a political Web
site by the use of frames, hyperlinks, mousetrapping, popup screens,
or other electronic measures.
   (C) Registering a domain name that is similar to another domain
name for a political Web site.
   (D) Intentionally preventing the use of a domain name for a
political Web site by registering and holding the domain name or by
reselling it to another with the intent of preventing its use, or
   (2) "Domain name" means any alphanumeric designation that is
registered with or assigned by any domain name registrar, domain name
registry, or other domain registration authority as part of an
electronic address on the Internet.
   (3) "Political Web site" means a Web site that urges or appears to
urge the support or opposition of a ballot measure.
18321.  This article does not apply to a domain name registrar,
registry, or registration authority.
18322.  In addition to any other remedies available under law, a
court may order the transfer of a domain name as part of the relief
awarded for a violation of this article.
18323.  Jurisdiction for actions brought pursuant to this article
shall be in accordance with Section 410.10 of the Code of Civil

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