2019 Arkansas Code
Title 20 - Public Health and Welfare
Subtitle 2 - Health and Safety
Chapter 19 - Animals
Subchapter 4 - Ownership and Breeding of Wolves and Wolf-Dog Hybrids
§ 20-19-406. Vaccination

Universal Citation: AR Code § 20-19-406 (2019)
  • (a) Wolves and wolf-dog hybrids are required to be vaccinated against rabies by a licensed veterinarian with a vaccine approved for dog use, and a rabies certificate may be issued.

  • (b) Veterinarians shall inform the owner of the wolf or wolf-dog hybrid, preferably in writing, that the vaccination is considered “off label” and that protection against rabies is not guaranteed.

  • (c) If a wolf or wolf-dog hybrid bites a person, the following criteria shall be used by an official of the Department of Health in dealing with the animal:

    • (1) The decision shall consider, at least:

      • (A) The epidemiology and risk of rabies in the species of animal in question;

      • (B) Possible prior exposure to a rabies vector;

      • (C) Behavior of the animal at the time of the bite;

      • (D) Prior rabies vaccinations; and

      • (E) Other circumstances that may exist;

    • (2) In some situations, the department shall consider the initiative and willingness of the individual so exposed to submit to postexposure antirabies immunization after being adequately informed of all potential risks;

    • (3) Upon written order by the Secretary of the Department of Health or a specifically designated representative, any biting animal determined to be at significant risk for the transmission of rabies shall be humanely killed and the brain tissue submitted for testing; and

    • (4) The department has the authority to order the quarantine of an animal determined to be a very low risk for the transmission of rabies for a thirty-day observation period as an alternate method to euthanasia and testing.

  • (d) Owners shall be notified and given three (3) business days to provide proof to the department in their animal's defense before the animal can be euthanized.

  • (e) If in the future the United States Department of Agriculture approves the use of rabies vaccines in wolves or wolf-dog hybrids, or both, then wolves and wolf-dog hybrids will fall under the same rules as dogs regarding biting humans and rabies control.

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