2018 Arkansas Code
Title 5 - Criminal Offenses
Subtitle 1 - General Provisions
Chapter 2 - Principles of Criminal Liability
Subchapter 6 - Justification
§ 5-2-606. Use of physical force in defense of a person

Universal Citation: AR Code § 5-2-606 (2018)
  • (a)

    • (1) A person is justified in using physical force upon another person to defend himself or herself or a third person from what the person reasonably believes to be the use or imminent use of unlawful physical force by that other person, and the person may use a degree of force that he or she reasonably believes to be necessary.

    • (2) However, the person may not use deadly physical force except as provided in § 5-2-607.

  • (b) A person is not justified in using physical force upon another person if:

    • (1) With purpose to cause physical injury or death to the other person, the person provokes the use of unlawful physical force by the other person;

    • (2)

      • (A) The person is the initial aggressor.

      • (B) However, the initial aggressor's use of physical force upon another person is justifiable if:

        • (i) The initial aggressor in good faith withdraws from the encounter and effectively communicates to the other person his or her purpose to withdraw from the encounter; and

        • (ii) The other person continues or threatens to continue the use of unlawful physical force; or

    • (3) The physical force involved is the product of a combat by agreement not authorized by law.

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