2017 Arkansas Code
Title 6 - Education
Subtitle 2 - Elementary and Secondary Education Generally
Chapter 18 - Students
Subchapter 7 - Health
§ 6-18-707. Prescription asthma inhaler or auto-injectable epinephrine

Universal Citation: AR Code § 6-18-707 (2017)
  • (a) This section shall be known and may be cited as "Alex's Law".
  • (b) As used in this section:
    • (1)
      • (A) "Medication" means a drug as that term is defined in § 21 U.S.C. 321(g) of the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act as in existence on January 1, 2005.
      • (B) "Medication" includes inhaled bronchodilators and auto-injectable epinephrine; and
    • (2) "Self-administration" means a person's discretionary use of a medication pursuant to a prescription or written direction from a licensed healthcare practitioner.
  • (c)
    • (1) The Department of Education shall develop guidelines for use in school districts that allow a student to carry and use an asthma inhaler or auto-injectable epinephrine, or both, while in school, at an on-site school-sponsored activity, or at an off-site school-sponsored activity.
    • (2) (A) The procedure shall include at a minimum the following provisions:
      • (i) The parent or guardian of a student who needs to carry an asthma inhaler or auto-injectable epinephrine, or both, shall provide the school with written authorization for the student to carry an asthma inhaler or auto-injectable epinephrine, or both, on his or her person for use while in school, at an on-site school-sponsored activity, or at an off-site school-sponsored activity; and
      • (ii) The authorization shall be valid only for the duration of the school year at the school that the student is attending at the time the authorization is provided. The authorization must be renewed for each school year or if the student changes schools in order for the student to carry an asthma inhaler or auto-injectable epinephrine, or both, on his or her person.
        • (B) The parent or guardian of a student who needs to carry an asthma inhaler or auto-injectable epinephrine, or both, shall provide the school with appropriate medical documentation, which shall include:
          • (i) Evidence that the asthma inhaler or auto-injectable epinephrine, or both, have been prescribed by a health care practitioner with prescriptive privileges;
          • (ii) Evidence that the student needs to carry the asthma inhaler or auto-injectable epinephrine, or both, on his or her person due to a medical condition; and
          • (iii) A copy of an individualized healthcare plan for the student prepared in accordance with § 6-18-1005 and any related rules of the department.
        • (C) All medical documentation provided with regard to a student who carries an asthma inhaler or auto-injectable epinephrine, or both, shall be kept on file at the school the student attends in a location that is readily accessible in the event of an asthma or anaphylaxis emergency.
        • (D) A student's asthma inhaler or auto-injectable epinephrine, or both, shall be supplied by the student's parent or guardian and shall be stored and transported in its original prescription-labeled container.
        • (E) The student shall demonstrate to the healthcare practitioner who wrote the prescription and the school nurse, if the school nurse is available, the skill level and responsibility necessary to use and administer the asthma inhaler or auto-injectable epinephrine, or both.
        • (F)
          • (i) A student with asthma is not required by this section or any related rule or school procedure to carry the student's asthma inhaler or auto-injectable epinephrine, or both, on his or her person.
          • (ii) If a student with asthma does not carry the student's asthma inhaler or auto-injectable epinephrine, or both, on his or her person, then the student's parent or guardian shall provide the school with appropriate medication in the event of an asthma or anaphylaxis emergency, which shall be immediately available to the student in an emergency.
        • (G) A student who carries the student's asthma inhaler or auto-injectable epinephrine, or both, on his or her person may provide the school with appropriate medication in the event of an asthma or anaphylaxis emergency, which shall be immediately available to the student in an emergency.
        • (H) A student is prohibited from sharing, transferring, or in any way diverting his or her own medications to any other person.
  • (d) No school district, school district employee, or agent of a school district shall be liable for injury to a student caused by his or her use of a prescription inhaler or self-administration of medication.
  • (e) (1) A school district or public charter school may authorize a school nurse to:
    • (A) Provide an epinephrine auto-injector to a student that meets the prescription on file or any personnel authorized under a student's individualized healthcare plan to administer an epinephrine auto-injector to the student;
    • (B) Administer an epinephrine auto-injector that meets the prescription on file to a student who has an individualized healthcare plan that authorizes the use of an epinephrine auto-injector; and
    • (C) Administer an epinephrine auto-injector to a student who the school nurse in good faith professionally believes is having an anaphylactic reaction.
      • (2) A school nurse shall administer an epinephrine auto-injector under a standing protocol from a physician licensed to practice medicine in this state.
      • (3) A school nurse that receives a supply of epinephrine auto-injectors under § 20-13-405 for use at a public school shall maintain the supply of epinephrine auto-injectors at the school in a locked, secure location.
      • (4) (A) Regardless of whether or not a student's parents have signed a waiver of liability, when a school nurse administers an epinephrine auto-injector to a student who the school nurse in good faith professionally believes is having an anaphylactic reaction, the following persons are immune from any damage, loss, or liability as a result of an injury arising from the use of an epinephrine auto-injector:
        • (i) The school district or public charter school and its employees and agents; and
        • (ii) A physician providing standing protocol or prescription for epinephrine auto-injectors maintained at a school.
          • (B) This subdivision (e)(4) does not provide immunity from suit or liability for any damage, loss, injury, or liability caused by the intentional or willful and wanton misconduct of a person in administering an epinephrine auto-injector to a student under this section.
  • (f) Beginning January 1, 2014, a school district or public charter school in this state shall:
    • (1) Adopt and implement policies for the possession and administration of epinephrine in each school; and
    • (2) Develop a health plan to implement a certificate from a licensed physician under subsection (h) of this section.
  • (g) Epinephrine shall be administered:
    • (1)
      • (A) By a school nurse; or
      • (B) By a school district or public charter school employee who holds a certificate under subsection (h) of this section, is trained in the administration of epinephrine, and is designated as a care provider; and
    • (2) To a student believed to be having a life-threatening anaphylactic reaction.
  • (h)
    • (1) A licensed physician shall issue a certificate under the Insect Sting and Other Allergic Reactions Emergency Treatment Act, § 20-13-401 et seq., authorizing a school nurse or a school district or public charter school employee who is trained in the administration of epinephrine to possess and administer epinephrine.
    • (2) The certificate shall specify the circumstances under which epinephrine may be administered.
Disclaimer: These codes may not be the most recent version. Arkansas may have more current or accurate information. We make no warranties or guarantees about the accuracy, completeness, or adequacy of the information contained on this site or the information linked to on the state site. Please check official sources.