2017 Arkansas Code
Title 5 - Criminal Offenses
Subtitle 2 - Offenses Against the Person
Chapter 14 - Sexual Offenses
Subchapter 2 - Medical Records of Persons Charged With Sex Crimes
§ 5-14-202. Access by prosecutors to medical records of persons charged with sex crimes -- Victim notification of health risk

Universal Citation: AR Code § 5-14-202 (2017)
  • (a)
    • (1) Through a warrant issued by a judicial officer under Rule 13 of the Arkansas Rules of Criminal Procedure, a prosecuting attorney of this state is entitled access to a relevant medical record of a person charged with having committed a sex crime against another person, which act could have exposed the victim to a disease carried by the alleged offender.
    • (2)
      • (A) An application by a prosecuting attorney for a relevant medical record shall describe with particularity the person whose relevant medical record is to be obtained and shall be supported by one (1) or more affidavits or recorded testimony before a judicial officer particularly setting forth the facts and circumstances tending to show that the person may present a danger to the health of a victim of a sex crime.
      • (B) If the judicial officer finds that the application meets the requirements of subdivision (a)(2)(A) of this section and that, on the basis of the proceeding before the judicial officer, there is reasonable cause to believe that the relevant medical record should be disclosed, the judicial officer shall issue a warrant directing disclosure of the medical record to the prosecuting attorney.
  • (b) Upon service of a warrant, a person having custody of a relevant medical record shall grant access to the prosecuting attorney and is not subject to any liability for granting the access.
  • (c)
    • (1) If a prosecuting attorney after reviewing a medical record determines that a victim is subject to a health risk as a result of a sex crime, the prosecuting attorney may convey that health risk information to the victim, and the prosecuting attorney is not subject to any liability for disclosing that health risk information to the victim.
    • (2)
      • (A) The prosecuting attorney may disclose the health risk information to the victim only.
      • (B) However, if the victim is a minor or is mentally incompetent, then the prosecuting attorney may disclose the health risk information to the victim's parent or legal guardian only.
  • (d) The prosecuting attorney is not subject to any liability to the victim for failing to obtain a medical record or failing to disclose health risk information to the victim.
  • (e) This subchapter does not repeal or supersede any rule of evidence or rule of criminal procedure that would allow the admissibility of a medical record as evidence in a criminal proceeding.
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