2016 Arkansas Code
Title 25 - State Government
Chapter 15 - Administrative Procedures
Subchapter 1 - -- General Provisions
§ 25-15-102. Interpreters between a hearing individual and an individual who is deaf, deafblind, hard of hearing, or oral deaf

AR Code § 25-15-102 (2016) What's This?

(a) For the purpose of appointing an interpreter between a hearing individual and an individual who is deaf, deafblind, hard of hearing, or oral deaf under § 25-15-101:

(1) "Administrative proceeding" means a proceeding of a department, board, commission, agency, committee, or licensing authority of the state or of a political subdivision or municipality;

(2) "Deaf individual" means an individual who has a documented hearing loss so severe that the individual is unable to process speech and language through hearing, with or without amplification;

(3) "Deafblind individual" means an individual who has a combined loss of vision and hearing that prevents the individual's vision or hearing from being used as a primary source for accessing information;

(4) "Hard of hearing individual" means an individual who has a hearing loss, may primarily use visual communication, and may use assistive devices;

(5) "Interpreter" means a licensed qualified interpreter or a licensed provisional interpreter licensed by the Department of Health under § 20-14-801 et seq.;

(6) "Oral deaf individual" means an individual whose sense of hearing is nonfunctional for the purpose of communication and whose primary communication is by speech reading and spoken English; and

(7) "Oral interpreter" means a licensed qualified interpreter or a licensed provisional interpreter who interprets language through facial and lip movements only and who does not use manual communication.

(b) (1) An interpreter shall not be appointed unless the appointing authority and the individual who is deaf, deafblind, hard of hearing, or oral deaf makes a preliminary determination that the interpreter is able to readily communicate with the individual who is deaf, deafblind, hard of hearing, or oral deaf and is able to accurately interpret the statements of the individual who is deaf, deafblind, hard of hearing, or oral deaf and interpret the proceedings in which an individual who is deaf, deafblind, hard of hearing, or oral deaf may be involved.

(2) An individual who is deaf, deafblind, hard of hearing, or oral deaf entitled to an interpreter under § 25-15-101 is entitled to an interpreter as defined by this subsection.

(c) (1) An oral interpreter shall be provided upon the request of an individual who is deaf, deafblind, hard of hearing, or oral deaf who does not communicate in sign language.

(2) (A) The right of an individual who is oral deaf to an interpreter may not be waived except by an individual who is oral deaf who does not use sign language and who initiates the request for a waiver in writing.

(B) The waiver is subject to approval of counsel to the individual who is oral deaf, if existent, and is subject to approval of the appointing authority.

(d) A department, board, commission, agency, committee, or licensing authority of the state or of a political subdivision or municipality shall appoint an interpreter to interpret an administrative proceeding to an individual who is deaf, deafblind, hard of hearing, or oral deaf and to interpret the testimony or statements of the individual who is deaf, deafblind, hard of hearing, or oral deaf.

(e) (1) An individual who is deaf, deafblind, hard of hearing, or oral deaf whose appearance before a proceeding entitles him or her to an interpreter shall notify the appointing authority of the need of the individual who is deaf, deafblind, hard of hearing, or oral deaf before an appearance and shall request at that time the services of an interpreter.

(2) (A) If an individual who is deaf, deafblind, hard of hearing, or oral deaf reasonably expects the need for an interpreter to be for a period greater than a single day, the individual who is deaf, deafblind, hard of hearing, or oral deaf shall notify the appointing authority.

(B) This notification shall be sufficient for the duration of the participation of the individual who is deaf, deafblind, hard of hearing, or oral deaf in the proceedings.

(f) An appointing authority may require a person requesting the appointment of an interpreter to furnish reasonable proof of the deafness of the individual who is deaf, deafblind, hard of hearing, or oral deaf when the appointing authority has reason to believe that the deaf person, deafblind person, hard of hearing person, or oral deaf person is not deaf, deafblind, hard of hearing, or oral deaf.

(g) The appointing authority shall channel requests for qualified interpreters through the Department of Health.

(h) Before an interpreter participates in any proceedings subsequent to an appointment under this section, the interpreter shall make an oath or affirmation that the interpreter will:

(1) Make a true interpretation in an understandable manner to the individual who is deaf, deafblind, hard of hearing, or oral deaf for whom the interpreter is appointed; and

(2) Interpret the statements of the individual who is deaf, deafblind, hard of hearing, or oral deaf desiring that statements be made in the language best suited to the needs of the individual who is deaf, deafblind, hard of hearing, or oral deaf.

(i) The appointing authority shall provide recess periods as necessary for the interpreter when the interpreter requests a recess period.

(j) Information that the interpreter gathers, learns from, or relays to the individual who is deaf, deafblind, hard of hearing, or oral deaf pertaining to an administrative, civil, or criminal proceeding shall at all times remain confidential and privileged, on an equal basis with the attorney-client privilege, unless the individual who is deaf, deafblind, hard of hearing, or oral deaf desires that the information be communicated to other persons.

(k) (1) An interpreter appointed under this section is entitled to a reasonable fee for his or her services.

(2) The fee shall be in accordance with standards established by the Department of Health and in addition to actual expenses for travel and transportation.

(3) (A) If the interpreter is appointed by a court, the fee shall be paid out of general county funds.

(B) If the interpreter is otherwise appointed, the fee shall be paid out of funds available to the appointing authority.

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