2015 Arkansas Code
Title 20 - Public Health And Welfare
Subtitle 2 - Health And Safety
Chapter 24 - Elevators, Dumbwaiters, and Escalators
§ 20-24-101 - Definitions.
As used in this chapter:
(1) "Alteration" means any change made to an existing conveyance or to its hoistway, enclosure, or doors other than the repair or replacement of damaged, worn, or broken parts necessary for normal operation. The changing of the speed governor shall be considered an alteration;
(2) "Authorized representative" means the building department of cities, towns, or other governmental subdivisions designated by the Department of Labor to enforce certain provisions of this chapter;
(3) "Board" means the Elevator Safety Board;
(4) "Conveyance" means an elevator, dumbwaiter, escalator, moving sidewalk, automatic people mover, platform lift, or stairway chair lift;
(5) "Department" means the Department of Labor;
(6) "Director" means the Director of the Department of Labor;
(7) "Dormant elevator, dumbwaiter, or escalator" means:
(A) An elevator or dumbwaiter whose:
(i) Cables have been removed;
(ii) Car and counterweight rest at the bottom of the shaftway; and
(iii) Shaftway doors are permanently boarded up or barricaded on the inside; or
(B) An escalator whose main power feed lines have been disconnected;
(8) "Dumbwaiter" means a hoisting and lowering mechanism, driven by mechanical power, equipped with a car which moves in guides in a substantially vertical direction, the floor area of which does not exceed nine square feet (9 sq. ft.), whose total compartment height does not exceed four feet (4'), the capacity of which does not exceed five hundred pounds (500 lbs.), and which is used exclusively for carrying freight;
(9) (A) "Elevator" means a hoisting and lowering mechanism equipped with a car or platform which moves in guides in a substantially vertical direction.
(B) "Elevator" shall not include a conveyor, chain or bucket hoist, construction hoist, or similar devices used for the primary purpose of elevating or lowering materials, nor shall it include tiering, piling, feeding, or similar machines or devices giving service within only one (1) story.
(C) "Power elevator" means those driven by the application of energy other than hand or gravity.
(D) "Hand elevators" means those driven by manual power.
(E) "Elevator" includes vertical wheelchair lifts, inclined wheelchair lifts, and inclined stairway chair lifts installed in any location, including a private, single-family dwelling for use by individuals with physical disabilities;
(10) "Escalator" means a power-driven, inclined, continuous stairway or runway used for raising or lowering passengers;
(11) "Freight elevator" means an elevator used for carrying freight and on which are permitted to ride only the operator and the persons necessary for loading and unloading and such other designated persons who may be authorized by the rules of the board;
(12) "New installation", "new elevator", "dumbwaiter", "escalator", or "new conveyance" means a complete elevator, dumbwaiter, escalator, or other conveyance installation, the application for the permit for the installation or relocation of which is filed on or after the effective date of application of the rules and regulations adopted by the board as provided in § 20-24-106(a)-(c). All other elevators, dumbwaiters, escalators, or other conveyances shall be deemed to be existing installations; and
(13) "Passenger elevator" means an elevator that is used to carry persons other than the operator and persons necessary for loading and unloading and such other designated persons who may be authorized by the rules of the board.
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